Sir James Luttrell 2 4
- Born: Between 1426 and 1427, Dunster, Somerset, England 5 2 6 7
- Marriage: Dame Elizabeth Courtenay on Jan 13, 1451 in Powderham, Devonshire, England 1 2 3
- Died: Feb 1461, Battle of St. Albans, Hertford, Englad 4 2 5 8
Cause of his death was Died from wounds obtained in the Battle of St. Albans..2 9
Sir James Luttrell Knight Banneret at Battle of Wakefield in 1463.
Battle of St. Albans:
There were two battles during the English Wars of the Roses fought in or near the town of St Albans
The Wars of the Roses, 1455 to 1487, is the title generally given to the intermittent civil war fought over the throne of England between adherents of the House of Lancaster and the House of York. Both houses were branches of the Plantagenet royal house, tracing their descent from King Edward III. The name Wars of the Roses was not used at the time, but has its origins in the badges chosen by the two royal houses, a red rose for Lancaster and a white rose for York.
The first Battle of St Albans was the first of the war and was fought on May 22, 1455
Richard, Duke of York, and his ally, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick [("Warwick the Kingmaker"). He was the richest man in England outside the royal family, and he used his wealth and power to help depose the "Lancastrian" Henry VI in favor of the "Yorkist" Edward IV, and then later to place Henry VI back on the throne.] defeated the Lancastrians under Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, who was killed. York captured King Henry VI of England and had himself appointed Constable of England.
The second Battle of St Albans was fought February 22, 1461. With the defeat and death of the Duke of York the previous December (at the Battle of Wakefield, and York's son and heir busy in the west (where the Battle of Mortimer's Cross was fought a few days before the engagement at St Albans), the way was clear for the Lancastrians (led by Queen Margaret to march south towards London, pillaging and sacking as they went.
They were intercepted near St Albans by forces commanded by the Earl of Warwick. Warwick had his men set up an array of defenses, including ditches and spikes, but they were surprised and defeated before these were complete.
The Lancastrians captured King Henry, who supposedly spent the battle sitting under a tree, singing. But they did not press their advantage by marching south to London. The reasons are not clear; it may be that their reputation for pillaging had preceded them as the Londoners would not open their gates.
Lyte, Sir Henry Churchill Maxwell, A History of Dunster, and of the families of Mohun & Luttrell, (London : St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1909), Page 119.
"In February 1449, James Luttrell obtained royal license to convey the castle and borough of Dunster, the manors of Minehead, Carhampton, and Kilton and the hundred of Carhampton to Feoffees, in order they they should be settled on himself and the heirs of his body, with remainder to his 'cousin," Richard Luttrell and the heirs of his body and ultimate remainder to his own heirs general."
"James Luttrell fought against the Duke of York at Wakefield at the end of December 1460, and was knighted by the Duke of Somerset on the field of battle. Seven weeks later, he again served under the victorious banner of Queen Margaret at the second battle of St. Albans, but he there received a wound of which he died on the fifth day."
"The triumph of the House of York was disastrous to the Luttrells, who had been attached to the House of Lancaster ever since the days of John of Gaunt. Within a week of his accession to the throne, Edward the Fourth ordered the sheriff and escheator in Somerset and Dorset to seize all the possessions of the Dukes of Exeter and Somerset, the Earls of Devon, Wilts and Northumberland, Sir James Luttrell and Sir Alexander Hody, in those counties. Two months later, a somewhat wider commission was issued to Sir William Herbert, Thomas Herbert, John Herbert, and Hugh Huntley, to take possession of the lands of the Earls of Pembroke and Shrewsbury and Sir James Luttrell, who are specifically described as rebels. For some unknown reason, this commission was repeated in August. In the meanwhile, the king had granted to Sir William Bourchier the wardship and marriage of Alexander Luttrell, the infant heir, as if it had fallen to the Crown in the ordinary course. The Parliament, however, which sat in November 1461 passed a sweeping ordinance against all the chief supporters of Henry the Sixth. Sir James Luttrell was therein named amongst those who 'with grete despite and curell violence, horrible and unmanly tyrannye' murdered the late Duke of York at Wakefield, and who were consequently to 'stand and be convycted and attainted of high treason, and forfett to the King and his heires all the castles, maners" and other lands of which they were or had been possessed. Lady Luttrell had, in the earlier months of her widowhood, been tacitly allowed to receive the issues of the lands settled on her in jointure, and when the king's officers took possession of these lands, she lodged a complaint against them, protesting that she was a loyal subject of the reigning monarch. A commission of enquiry was accordingly issued in September 1462, but it does not appear that she got much satisfaction."
(Source: History of West Virginia and It's People, (Volume 2. Charleston, WV: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1913.).)
Sir James Luttrell, son of John Luttrell and his wife, Margaret (Tuchet) Luttrell, married his cousin, Elizabeth Courtenay, and on account of his taking sides with the House of Lancaster, forfeited all his lands by order of Edward the Fourth, along with the Earls Shrewsbury and Pembroke, his lands being given to Sir William Herbert, and afterwards to the King's son, and so remained until the success of the Lancastrian party on the field of Bosworth in August, 1485.
Burke, John., A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland Vol. 1. London: Henry Colburn, n.d., Call Number: R929.725 B95 v.1, Page 143.
SIR JAMES LUTTRELL, who was made a KNIGHT-BANNERET at the battle of Wakefield, in 1463, and fell fighting under the standard of Lancaster, in 1471. He was subsequently attainted by King EDWARD IV. and his castle of Dunster, lordship of Carhampton, &c. granted to Sir Edward Herbert, knt. first Earl of Pembroke. He left by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir William Courtenay, eldest brother of Sir Edward Courtenay, of Haccombe, a son and successor, SIR HUGH LUTTRELL. 2
Noted events in his life were:
• Alt. Birth, Abt 1426, Powderham, Devonshire, England. 5 7
• Appointments/Titles. 2 Knight of Dunster Castle
James married Dame Elizabeth Courtenay, daughter of Sir Philip de Courtenay and Elizabeth Hungerford, on Jan 13, 1451 in Powderham, Devonshire, England.1 2 6 (Dame Elizabeth Courtenay was born in 1430 in Dunster, Somerset, England,1 died on Sep 1, 1493 in Dunster, Somerset, England 1 2 and was buried in Dunster Church, Somerset, England 2.)