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The Aspinwall's in England

The Aspinwalls have been for several centuries located in the County of Lancaster, England. The origins of the family is unknown to the compiler of this work (see E-1246) The name, Aspinwall, like many others, has undergone several changes, and, as near as can be ascertained, has arrived at its present form, through the various graduations, from Aspenhalgh, Aspinhaugh, Aspinall, Aspinwall, the name originally signifying an "Aspen Mead," or and "Aspen Vale."

It is not the province of this work to trace the family from its earliest known history in England, but at Toxteth Park, in Lancaster County, was the home of our ancestor, a brief account of the place will no doubt be of interest.

Toxteth Park, now a suburb of the city of Liverpool, had been the property of the Crown from the time of King John, but in the year 1604 was disparked, and came through purchase into the hands of Richard Molyneux. Prior to this time, it was spoken as "waste land without inhabitants." but when it was disparked a number of persons settled on the land and began its cultivation. Among them was Edward Aspinwall. he appears to be the earliest settler of his name at Toxteth Park, and from various circumstanse, the compiler of this work believes that he was the father of Peter Aspinwall; our ancestor.
Note; This is in error Peter was the brother of Edward, Peter had a son Peter who is the Peter that came to New England a few years after his cousin William (son of Edward) William was in fact the 2nd spn of Edward and the first Aspinwall in New England, Peter was his cousin.
It appears that the early inhabitants of Toxteth Park were Puritan in their learning’s, and in 1611, Richard Mather, afterwards minister at Dorchester, Mass. at the age of 15 years, was called to take charge of the school. He lived while at Toxteth Park in the family of Edward Aspinwall, and while there became converted, which as he expressed it was occasioned by observing a difference between his own walk and the most exact wathful, faithful and prayerful convenrsation of some in the family of the learned and pios Mr. Edward Aspinwall of Toxteth Park, werehe sojourned." I feel that this person was William Aspinwall first Aspinwall in New England and older brother to Peter

Many of the Puritans of 1630 migrated to new England.

William Aspinwall

The earliest record of any person in America bearing the name of Aspinwall is that of William Aspinwall, who came with Winthrop, to Massachusetts Bay in 1630. In Historical Sketch of the First Church in Boston, it is stated that "The Arabella, the vessell in which they crossed the Atlantick, anchored in Massachusetts Bay on the 17th June, 1630, after exploring the Mystick River, they came ashore at Charlestown on the first of July, with a view to a permanent residence." Also that, "On the 27th August therefore a fast was appointed, a covenant formed and subscribed. Mr. Wilson was chosen Teacher, Mr. Nowell an Elder, Mr. Gager and Mr. Aspinwall as deacons." This was William Aspinwall. His name was the tenth on the list, and that of his wife, Elizabeth, the sixteenth. The society soon removed across the river to Boston, but William Aspinwall was the second on the list of thirteen who remained inhabitants of Charlestown. He took the oath of freeman April 3, 1632.

The Oath of Freeman:

I ___being (by Gods providence) an Inhabitant, and Freeman, within the jurisdiction of this Common-weath, doe freely acknowledge my selfe to bee subject to the government thereof; and therefore doe heere sweare, by the great & dreadful name of the Everliving-God, that I will be true & faithfull to the same, & will accordingly yield assistance & support therunto, with my person & estate, as in equity I am bound: and will also truely indeavour to maintaine and preserve all the libertyes & privilidges therf, submitting my selfe to the wholesome lawes, & ordres made & stablished by the same; and further, that I will not plot, nor practice any evill against it, nor consent to any that shall soe do, butt will timely discover, & reveall the to the publick weale of the body, without respect of personnes, or favour of any man, Soe help mee God in the Lord Jesus Christ.

See Psalm Book 1640 Cover ---------See Psalm Book 1640 Page 2

In 1633 he removed to Boston, where he appears to have been one of the leading men of the new settlement at that place, and was elected a selectman in 1636 and in 1637. In 1637, he was chosen a Deputy to the General Court, in place of Sir Henry Vane. When the religious excitement, caused by the "Antinomian Heresy," broke out, large numbers of the new Colony espoused the cause advocated by Mrs. Ann Hutchinson, and her brother, Rev. Mr. Wheeelwright. Among them was William Aspinwall. The controversy grew bitter, and, in March, 1637, the General Cort summoned Wheelwright to answer for a sermon recently preached by him, "wherein, as they alleged, he has fanned the flame of dissension instead of quenching it." Wheelwright was pronounced guilty of sedition and contempt, but sentence was deferred until the next Court. In the meantime, the church at Boston presented a petition in his behalf, justfing his sermon.

This petition was drawn up by William Aspinwall, and was signed by about sixty of the principal men in Boston. At the November meeting of the Court, William Aspinwall and John Coggeshall, both deacons of the church at Boston, and deputies to the General Court from that town, were dismissed from the Court, the one for having signed, and the other for defending the remonstrance of the church. At the same term of the Court, William Aspinwall was tried for the same offence, and, being found guilty, was sentenced to be disfranchised and banished from the Colony, but he was allowed to remain until the next spring.

A General Court, held at Newetown, the 2nd Day of the 9th Mo, 1637. Mr William Aspinwall being questioned in regard his hand was to a petition of remonstrance, and he justified the same, maintaining it to bee lawful; the Court did discharge him from being a member thereof."

"Mr. William Aspinwall being convented for haveing his hand to a petition or remonstrance, being a seditious libell, and justifing the same, for which & for his insolent and turbulent carriage, hee is disfranchized & banished, putting in sureties for his depature before the end of the first month next ensuing. Mr. John Glover & Mr Aspinwall are each of them bound in a 100 pounds a piece for Mr. Aspinwall's departure by thetime limited."

After his banishment, William Aspinwall followed Roger Williams to Rhode Island, and was one of the nineteen Aquidneck settlers who signed the civil compact formed at Providence, March 7, 1638, and was chosen the first Secretary to the new Colonly.

"The 7th day of the first month 1638.

We whose names are underwritten do here solemnly in the presence of Jehovah incorporate ourselves into a Bodie Politick and as he shall help, will submit our persons, lives and estates unto our Lord Jesus Christ, the King of Kings and Lord of Lords and to all those perfect and most absolute laws of his given us in his holy word of truth, to be guided and judged thereby."

Signed by: Willaim Coddington, John Clark, William Hutchinson, Jr, John Coggeshall, William Aspinwall, and fourteen others. See History of Church of Christ

William Aspinwall held several positions of trust in Rhode Island, but at a General Meeting, January 11, 1639, "the magistrates were directed to deal with William Aspinwall concerning his defaults."

On February 7, 1639, Mr. Aspinwall was proceeded against as a suspected person, for sedition against the state.

"Mr. Aspinwall, being suspected person for sedition against the State, it was thought meet that a stay of the building of his Bote should be made, whereupon ye workmen was forbidden to proceed any further."

He probably left Rhode Island soon after this, and during the next three years the only record of him that has been found, which shows his whereabouts, is his testimopny as a witness in a case before the General Court in New Haven, Conn. on March 2, 1642.

At a General Court held at Boston, October 7, 1641, the following order was passed: _

"Willi: Aspinwall hath a safe conduct granted him to come & satisfy the counsell &, if
they think meete, to stay till the General Court; if not hee is to depart till the GeneralCourst, & then hee hath liberty to come to the General Court.Early in 1642, his sentence of banishement was revoked, and he again took up his residence in Boston.

"In the beginning of the year 1642, Mr. Aspinwall that had been censured by the Court for joining with those, and having his hand to the remonstrance about Mr. Wheelwright, being licensed by the General Court to come and tender his submission, was on the 27th of March that year, reconciled to the Church of Boston. He made a very free and full acknowledgment of his errour and seducement, and that with much detestation of his sin. The like he did afterwards before the magistrates, who were apppointed by the Court to take his submission; and upon their certificate thereof, the sentence of banishment passed against him with the rest, was taken off."

"William Aspinwall, upon his certifficat of his good carriage, is restored againe to his former liberty and freedome."

He was a man of superior education for those times, and was soon appointed to several important offices. In 1643, he was appointed Clerk of the Writs for Boston, and in 1644 was chosen Recorder, and in the same year was appointed a Notary Public. He held these offices for some eight years, and a large portion of the deeds and other legal papers in and about Boston during that time were drawn, executed or witnessed by him. In 1643, he joined the Ancient and Horable Artillery Company of Boston.

He lived on Washington Sreet, just south of School Street, and his land extended back to the Common. (See Beacon Hill Area on Map)

            See Map "The Planned Development of Boston" -- Map 1625

During his residence in Boston, it is recorded that, "drivers of the Merchants of Boston deing desirous of discovering the Great Lake * * *they set out in a pinnace which was to sail up the Delaware River so high as they could go, and then some of the company under the conduct of Mr. William Aspinwall, a good artist, and one who had been in those parts, to pass by small skiffs or canoes up the river as far as they could." They were, however, prevented from going up the river by the Dutch and the Swedes; were fired upon from a fort, and were obliged to return to Boston without discovering the "Great Lake."

The statement that William Aspinwall "had been in those parts," leads to the belief that he must have been there between the time of leaving Rhode Island and his return to Boston in 1642.

He seems to have had the faculty of continually getting himself into trouble. At the General Court, October 14, 1651, "Mr. William Aspinwall being accused for chargeing the Court and jury to goe agt law and conscience in making the landlord to pay rent to the tenant, which the Courte havuinge heard & examined, doe order & determine as follows, viz: that from henceforth the sd Mr. Aspinwall shalbe suspended from the exercisinge the office of recorder, or clarke, in any County Court, is also to pay the sum of thirty shillinge to the jury for their attendance and entringe the petition, & for the attendance of two witnesses, fower shillinges, & it is ordered that Mr. Edward Rawson, secretary to the General Court, shall henscforth be recorder for the county of Suffolk, & that Mr. Aspinwall shall deliver him all the records belonging to sd county. Its ordered by this court that vpon the request fo the inhabitants of Boston, Jonathan Negoos shalbe approued of as Clarke ofthe writts for that towne, in the room of Mr. Aspinwall, who is hereby ordered to deliver him the records of deaths, births and marriages as belonging to that office.

Soon after this he returned to England, where he lived the remainder of his life. The date and place of his death have not been ascertained, but, on April 13, 1662, he was living at Chester, England, as a letter, written by him from there on that date, referring to land in Boston which he gave to his son, is in the Massachusetts archives.

Not long since a diary or journal, kept by him while recorder at Boston, was fortunately discovered in that city. It is of great historic interest, and it is understood is to be published by the Record Commissioners of Boston. He published, in London, in 1653, a curious religious work entitiled, "A Brief Description of the Fifth Monarchy or Kingdom That shortly is to come into the World." In this work he predicted the arrival of the millenium not later than the year 1673.

In 1654, he published, "An explication and Application of the Seventh Chapter of Daniel, etc."

In 1665, he published, in London, "An Abstract of Laws & Government, wherein as in mirror may be seen the wisdom and perfection of the Government of Christ's Kingdom, accommodable to any State or form of government in the world, that is not anti-Christian or tyrannical. Collected and digested into the ensuing method by that godly, grave and judicious divine, Mr. John Cotton of Boston, in New England, in his lifetime, and presented to the General Court of Massachusetts. And now published after his death by William Aspinwall."

 He also published, in 1655, at London, "The Work of the Age, or the Sealed prophecies of Daniel opened an applied. Amending sundry places in our common translation, etc."

In 1656, he published, in London, "Legislative Power in Christ's peculiar Prerogative, proved from the 9th of Isaiah, vers. 6, 7, by William Aspinwall."

William Aspinwall probably came from the County of Lancaster, England, where the Aspinwalls were principally located. He left no decendants bearing his name in this country, unless Peter Aspinwall, whose descendents are given in this work, was his son. His two eldest daughters, however, married and remained here. His wife and four youngest children no doubt returned to England with him, as no further record had been found of them in this county. Of his children given below, all but Mary were born after the arrival of their parents in 1630. The birth of Mary is not recorded at Boston, but she was undoubtedly, as believed by Mr. Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary, the daughter of William Aspinwal. No other family of Aspinwalls, was in this country except that of Peter Aspinwall, and she certainly was not his daughter. It is true that Mary Aspinwall did not marry John Gove, of Cambridge, until several years after the date of the fathers return to England, but, being of mature years at that time, no doubt preferred to remain in this country. She is therefore recorded as the oldest child in this family.

Mary, b_____; m. Oct. 6, 1658, John Gove of Cambridge, Mass.     She d. Nov. 14, 1676, They had:
1.Mary, b. Sept 14, 1659, m. April 7, 1682. Henry Prentice of Cambridge, son of
Henry and Joanna Prentice.
2.John, b. Sept. 21, 1660 d. April 28, 1679
3.Aspinwall, b Oct 2, 1661, d. Oct. 14, 1661
4.Nathaniel, b Nov. 16, 1662
5.James, bap Dec 13, 1663
6.A child, bap Aug 4, 1667 (name illegible)
7.Edward, b Sept 26, 1630 d Oct 10, 1630
8.Hannah, b Dec 25, 1631, m. 1651 John Angier of Boston.
They had
John. b/ Sept 16, 1652 (He is called cousin in the wills of John Cotton)
9.Elizabeth,* b. Sept 30, 1633
10.Samuel, b. Sept 30, 1635
11.Ethlanah,b March 1, 1637
12.Dorcas b Feb 14, 1639

*Elizabeth Second daughter of William according to "Weeks Genealogy by Robert Weeks ( .which has not been verified by this author has Elizabeth born in England in 1633 but her parents were here in Boston since 1630.

     Ammiel Weeks (1.George1 ) born 1633, England, 18-May-1656, Admitted to Dorchester, Ma Church, married 10-Apr-1653, in Suffolk Co. Dorchester, MA,

Elizabeth Aspinwall, born 30-Sep-1633, England, (daughter of William  Aspinwall and Elizabeth Goodyear) died 10-Apr-1723, Dorchester, MA. Aged 89 years. Ammiel died 20-Mar-1679, Dorchester, MA., Age 46 years, buried:  Dorchester, MA, SW pt of Graveyard on Stoughton Street, near Upham's  corner. Admitted to Church in Dorchester, with wife, 18-May-1656. Constable  1673: one of commission to run town line in 1673, 1674 & 1678. Inherited  profession of Land Surveyor from Father. Made Freeman 06-May-1657.
     Elizabeth: Was the first child named Elizabeth, recorded as born in Boston,
     although not the first child born there.

Required Reading: A Short History on Puritans

Peter Aspinwall, the founder of the Aspinwall family in this country, was undoubtedly related to William Aspinwall of the preceeding page, although the compiler of this work has not been able to establish the exact relationship. It is believed that he was either a son or a brother, more probably a brother.

Henry Oswald Aspinall, M.I.E.E., in his "Collection of Family Records Brought Together", 1923, feels that Peter was not the brother or son of William but was infact the son of Thomas and the brother of Samuel

Dr. William Aspinwall, of Brookline, Mass. a great-grandson of Peter Aspinwall, wrote an account of the family in 1767, which is in the possession of one of his descendants. This was written at a time when he should have been in possession of the information warranting the statement he made. He says, "Peter Aspinwall came from Toxteth Park, near Liverpool, Old England, to Dorchester, near Boston, in New England, in company with the 4000 who came in the year 1630." Aside from this statement, that Peter Aspinwall came in 1630, we have no knowledge, and the first mention of him on any records is in May, 1645, at which time he was made a freeman (or voter) by the General Court, and was then living in Dorchester, Mass. About this time, he was married to his first wife, for the records of the First Church of Boston show that, "Also of sister Alice Sharp now ye wife of Peter Aspinwall of Dorchester has lres of Recomend granted unto her to ye Church at Dorchester. The 8th day of ye 4th month (June) 1645."

If Peter Aspinwall came in 1630, it is strange that we have no mention of him at Boston or Dorchester, prior to 1645. We know, from a deposition made by him in 1664, that he was born about 1612, and yet he was not made a freeman until 1645, when he was 33 years of age, which is somewhat singular, if he had been here since 1630.

Nothing further concerning him appears on the Dorchester record, and, in 1650, heremoved to Muddy River, now known as Brookline, Mass., where, inconnection with one Robert Sharp, perhaps his brother-in-law, he purchased a farm on one hundred and fifty acres. The following is a copy of the deed of said farm:

"Mr. Wm Coleborne of Boston granted vnto Peter Aspinwall & Robert Sharpe his fferme at Muddy River containing an hundd & fifty Acreas more or lesse. With all houseing fenceings woods marshes &c: together with sixteene Acreas in the Common ffield bounded with Muddy River East John Aredley South, the Cedar swampe west & Garret Bourne north. The fferme afoesd was bound with Mr. Cotton south muddy river East, William Pell west, Jacob Eliot Edward Devotion & James Browne North. And this was by an absolute deed date 14 (6) 1650. Sealed signed & dd in presence of Wm Aspinwall &Wm Price. Margery Colebron wife to ye sd Wm Colbron did ye 17 Jann 1654 knowledge before me that she freely gave hir Consnt to ye sale and Renounct hir dowrie therein.

                    Humphrey Atherton."

This deed is in the handwritting of William Aspinwall, mentioned in the preceding page, who was at the time Recorder of Deeds in Boston.

Upon this farm, Peter Aspinwall, in the year 1660, built the house which was the family homestead for many generations. This house stood until the year 1891, when it was taken down, being at that time the oldest house in the old town of Brookline. It was located on the present Aspinwall Avenue, near St. Paul's Church.

Here Peter Aspinwall lived and died. He was a farmer, and, judging by the inventory of his estate, taken after his death, which included a tanning outfit, he probably carried on also the tanning business. He does not appear to have been very conspicious in public affairs, but held several town offices. He was surveyor in 1651-2; also in 1661-2, and Constable in 1667. He was appointed, April 24, 1676, with two others, a committee "for preventing of excessive drinkinge & disorder in private houses," and was elected, March 25, 1678, "to oversee and regulate the ffences about the commmon ffield at Muddy River."

If we accept the account of Dr. William Aspinwall, previously referred to, Peter Aspinwall was three times married, although no record, nor other evidence had been found indicating that he was married more than twice. His first wife was Alice Sharp, in connection with whom he bought the farm described in the foregoing deed. He married her, probably, early July in 1645. Dr. Aspinwall in his account says, "he married _____Morrill and lived with her 16 years without children; and then he married Remember Palfrey." Dr. Aspinwall does not mention a wife Alice Sharp, and it is possible that he was mistaken in the name of the first wife, and that there was not wife ____Morrill.

The compiler believes that Alice Sharp, the first wife of Peter Aspinwall, lived until about 1661, which would be16 years from 1645, when we know that she was his wife On February 12, 1662, as time is now  reckoned, Peter Aspinwall was married by Gov. John Endicott to Remember, daughter of Peter and Edith Palfrey, of Reading, Mass. She was baptized at Salem, Mass., September 16, 1638  Peter Palfrey came from England with the "Dorchester" Company, which began a plantation at Cape Anne, Mass., in 1624, of which Roger Conant was governor. This company was not successful, and in 1626,  the enterprise was relinquished, and most of the emigrants returned to England. Peter Palfrey, however, and two others, remained with Conant, and , in the autumn of 1626, removed to a place called Naumkeag, and  laid the foundation for a town, which was subsequently called Salem, now the city of   Salem, Mass. He was admitted freeman, May 18, 1631, at the same time with Roger Conant, and in 1632, was a Deputy from Salem to the first General Court of the  Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1762, he  removed to Reading, Mass., where he died  September 15, 1663, "well stricken in years." The name of his wife, Edith, is not known. (See First Thanksgiving Proclamation written in  1676)  The exact date of Peter Aspinwall's death is not known, but it was between November 20, 1687, the date of his will, and December 9, 1687, the date of the inventory of his estate. The date of his widow's death has not been ascertained, but she was not living on April 4, 1701.

     The following is a copy of Peter Aspinwall's  will, which was presented for probate by his widow and his eldest son, Samuel, on  January 20, 1692:

     "In the name of God, Amen, my soul I commit into the arms of Jesus Christ my Saviour, my body to be decently buried; after necessary expenses are defrayed, my just and lawful debts satisfyed, my estate divided in manner following, my will is, that my beloved wife Remember  Aspinwall be my executrix and that she shall have one third part of my whole estate with her choice of which part, to continue the time of their widowhood; if she change her condition, then to leave the houseing & land to my children, and the moveables to be at her disposing.

2. That my eldest son Samuel Aspinwall be my executor and that he have a double portion of my estate, if after divisions of my estate  anything be put to sale, he to have the first refusall of it.

3. That my second son Peter Aspinwall to keep what of my estate he has in hand, if it be more than his just proportion, not to return any  back; yet if he have not equal to ye rest of my children then to be madeup out of my estate.

4. That all the rest of my children, Nathaniel Aspinwall, Thomas Aspinwall, Joseph Aspinwall, Eleazar Aspinwall, Timothy Aspinwall, Mehetable Aspinwall,  Elizabeth Aspinwall, Mary Aspinwall; that they have an equal proportion ofmy estate; In case any of those dy   before they be of age to make a will, that then his or her proportion be divided equally among the rest. I do give power to my executric and execotor to call, in any debt by bill or bond to improve for the good of the whole. Also that corne meat as provision for ye family for this yeare be not put into the estate but for the  children's use.

 This is the last will and testament of Peter Aspinwall this 20th of  November one thousand six hundred eighty and seven; as   withness my hand and seal The mark of Peter /} Aspinwall & a Seale signed & sealed in presenceof us.

                                                John White Senr.
                                                John Grove
                                                Joseph Griggs.

Peter Aspinwall and Remember Palfrey  had the following children:

 1.Samuel, b. Nov. 4, 1662
 2.Peter, b. June 4, 1664
 3.Nathaniel, b. June 5, 1666
 4.Thomas, b. Jan. 21, 1668
 5.Mehitable, b. Sept. 14, 1669
 6.Elizabeth, b. Nov. 21, 1671
 7.Eleazar, b. Oct. 9, 1673
 8.Joseph, b. Oct. 9, 1673 (twin)
 9.Job, bap. Feb. 27, 1675; d. young
 10.Mary, b. Aug. 4, 1667
 11.Timothy, b. April 19, 1682; d. Of smallpox while yet a young man and unmarried

Samuel, eldest son and child of Peter and Remember Aspinwall, was born at Muddy River (Brookline) Mass., November 4,1662. He was a farmer and a leading man in town affairs. He was elected Surveyor in 1690-1; was subsequently Constable, Assessor, Fence-Viewer, Tythingman and Selectman, holding the last named office for thirteen years between 1699 and 1718. He was also elected to view the town treasurer's accounts, to a committee to make a new pound; to choose a burying place; to manage the concerns or affairs of building a meeting house; to seat the meeting house; to "treat with Mr. James Allen who was chosen to be (our) gospel minister," and was appointed guardian to orphan minors, etc.

He went as a lieutenant of militia in the expedition against Port Royal in the year1690, and was present when Sir William Phips took the fort. He was subsequently Captain of the company of militia at Brookline. Mr. Lewis Tappan, who was a son-in-law of Dr. William Aspinwall, the grandson of Samuel Aspinwall, in his diary, now in the possession of a descendant, Mr.Edward A. Bowen of Brooklyn, NY relates the following incidents:

"Some one recollected, and told his grandson, Dr. William Aspinwall, of Capt. Samuel Aspinwall's notifying his company, on the public parade in Roxbury, to meet on a certain day to see about building a meeting house in Brookline. He made the bricks to fill in the old meeting house. When it was taken down, Dr. William Aspinwall purchased these bricks, and filled the walls of the west room of his new house with them. Capt. Aspinwall also built the school house which stood on Esq. Sharp's land, nearly opposite the present school house on the land leading to the Cambridge road. He was a great strength. There is an anecdote related of him showing the presence and firmness of his mind. At a tavern on Boston Neck, there was a lion kept, which was tamed for exhibition. Some persons thought they might frighten Capt. Aspinwall with the animal. He has never seen a lion, and was conducted to his apartment, when at the management of his keeper, the animal sprang upon him, putting his fore paws upon his breast, making a tremendous roaring. Capt. Aspinwall merely said, "what is the matter with the beast."

This lion was advertised for exhibition in The Boston News Letter in March and
April, 1718, as follows:

"All persons having the Curiosity of seeing the noble and Royal Beast the Lyon, never one before in America, may see him at the House of Capt. Arthur Savage near Mr. Colman's Church, Boston, before he is transported to London. But to prevent all disputes with the Negro at the Gate who constantly attends each Person (whether seen him before or not) is desired to pay to said Negro six pence a piece.

A further extract from Lewis Tappan's diary states: "Capt. Aspinwall planted the great elm tree (Aspinwall elm). Samuel, the present deacon Clark's great-grandfather lived with him at the time, and saw him (S.A.) carry it in his hand and set it out. Clark was then about 10 years old." This magnificent elm tree, which overshadowed the old Aspinwall house at Brookline, stood until 1844, when nearly half of it fell, and, about 1870, the rest followed, breaking a hole through the roof of the house. It measured twenty feet in circumference near the surface of the ground. The branches extended 104 feet SE to NW In an address, by the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, at the dedication of the Town Hall in Brookline, on February 22,1873, he said:

"And now we have a name as eminent for its worth, as it is first in alphabetical order.  The sixth and seventh signers (to the petition for the formation of the town of                                      Brookline in 1705, ed.) were Samuel and Eleazar Aspinwall. Capt. Samuel Aspinwall was born here in 1657 (1662 ed.), and, from that time to this whether as hamlet, village, or town, Brookline has never been without a distinguished bearer of his name and blood. The old house built by his father, before 1666, is still standing, or at least trying to stand. Of the venerable elm, which overshadowed is certainly for more than a hundred and fifty years, if indeed it was not coeval with Columbus, nothing remains but the antique roots, and a few feet of massive but mutilated trunk. They are  almost the last relics of the old Muddy River  Hamlet."
        Capt. Samuel Aspinwall married, about  1689, Sarah, the daughter of Capt.                     Timothy and Sarah (Davis) Stevens, of  Roxbury, Mass. She was born March 6,                1667, and died April 1, 1710. She was buried in the Old Roxbury graveyard, near                          the graves of her parents. The celebrated  Samuel Sewall, in his "letter-book," says; "My neighbor Mrs. Sarah Aspinwall, died April 1, 1710. I being a bearer had given me a pair of wash leather gloves." Capt. Timoth  Stevens was the son of John Stevens of Newbury Mass. He married Sarah, daughter of Tobias Davis. John Stevens and wife Elizabeth came from England, to Newbury, Mass., in 1638.   Capt. Samuel Aspinwall was drowned in  the Cambridge River near Elliot's Island,  September 6, 1727. At his family devotions that morning he read the 27th chapter of  Proverbs, beginning with, "Boast not thyself                                     of to-morrow, for thou knowest not what a  day may bring forth." The New England Weekly Journal of Boston, in its issue of  September 11, 1727, contains the following from a correspondent in  Brookline: --
"On Wednesday last the 6th currant Capt. Samuel Aspinwall of this place and three others went out in a canoe to a place where  they might gather oyster shells, and leaving the company was coming to the shore  alone in the canoe, but meeting with a  paddle that stuck up in the mud he attempted to draw the same out but finding it difficult the tyde being against him, and  unaware pitches over the canoe in the water and was drowned. He was seen to rise once and no more and no help could be afforded him. * * * * They went to find him that night but  could not. The next morning about 8 they found him not far from the place where he was drowned. The Company he was late Captain of being in arms. He was a man well beloved among us and his death is much lamented by all that new him." In the letter-book of Samuel Sewall, heretofore mentioned he says:
"Sept. 6, 1727, Capt. Samuel Aspinwall  Drowned. See Journal No. 25 Sept. 9th  went to Brookline to his funeral. Bearers,  Mr. Josiah Winchester, Deacon Mayo,  Mr. Eraz. Drew, Capt. Caleb Gardner, Mr Edy of Boston, with myself. Gave us Gloves. The company of Brookline in arms.  Mr. Allen made a fine prayer. A great  company from Roxbury, &c."
The children of Capt. Samuel and Sarah (Stevens) Aspinwall were: --
1. Sarah, b. Sept. 17, 1690; died about  the 10th or 12th year of her age.
2. Elizabeth, b. March 25, 1693  Samuel, b. Feb. 13, 1696
3. Thomas, b. May 21, 1698
4. Mary, b. Jan. 3, 1700
5. Mehitabel, b. June 12, 1704
6. Sarah, b. Nov. 21, 1707

Peter Aspinwall and Woodstock, Ct. 1684

Peter son of Peter and Remember (Palfrey) Aspinwall, was born at Muddy River, or Brookline, Mass. June 4, 1664.He "took hold of the Covenant 1684, 2 mo.5 day."

The settlement of Woodstock, Ct., was made by residents of Roxbury, Mass. They
secured the grant of a tract of land seven miles square, in what was called the "Nipmuck Country." About the first of April, 1686, they sent out thirteen pioneers in advance of the others, to break up land and make some preparations for the main body of colonists. They are recorded in the first book of records of Roxbury as "the men who went to spy out Woodstock," they drew lots, and Peter Aspinwall drew 20 Acres, west side of the eastward vale, abutting east on highway." This eastwards vale is now known as South Woodstock, Ct. In 1696, during the trouble with the Indians, a military company was formed at Woodstock, with Peter Aspinwall as lieutenant, and he took an active part in all the campaigns against the Indians, and was a prominent figure in all matters attending the early history of Woodstock. (See a Short History of The Narragansett Indians) He was employed by the authorities to lay out a road to the Quimebaug, and while thus engaged, he removed to a tract of land he had purchased at Aspinock, now Killingly, Ct., and devoted his energies to the settlement of that town. In 1713, Killingly sent him as the first representative of that town to the General Assembly of which he was also a member in 1714, 1716, 1719, 1720, 1721, 1722, 1723, 1727 and 1728. He was a leading citizen of Killingly, he was chosen Deacon. He also gave a plot of land for a burial ground. On March 24, 1699, he married, at Woodstock, Elizabeth, the widow of John Levens of that place. Her maiden name has not been ascertained. In Dr. William Aspinwall's manuscript, he states:
"Peter, the son of Peter, was settled at Woodstock and married a widow with a large number of children, her and her children was Levens they and she always kept him low; he had by her one daughter and she married a Bateman and had a son and several daughters, said Peter was a meek sensible man and a Deacon.

The date of death of Peter Aspinwall, and that of his wife are unknown. The records of Windham County, Ct. show that he was alive on June 4, 1749, at which time he was 85 years old.
Child of Peter and Elizabeth Aspinwall
1. Mary, b___

Nathaniel, son of Peter and Remember (Palfrey) Aspinwall, was born at Muddy River (Brookline) on June 5, 1666. In the year 1690, he and his younger brother, Thomas, under their neighbor, Captain Andrew Gardner, went on the expedition of Sir William Phips against Canada, in which Thomas, as well as his commander, perished. After his return, Nathaniel followed his brother Peter to Woodstock, Ct. In 1699, in connection with his brother, Samuel Perrin and Benjamine Griggs, he purchased of Rev. Noahdiah Russell, two hundred acres of land, "east side of Quimebaugh, alias Aspinock River, according to the Indian name, "for twenty pounds. He did not remove there, however, but continued to reside at Woodstock. He served several terms as a selectman at Woodstock, between 1704 and 1709. Dr. William Aspinwall, in writing in 1767, says of him, "he was a very careful, sober, good Christian, an Israelite indeed."

He was married at Woodstock by Rev. Nehemiah Walter, on November 11, 1698, to Abigail, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Johnson) Bowen. She was born in Roxbury, Mass., and was baptized August 21, 1670.
Lieut. Henry Bowen was the son of Griffith Bowen. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. Isaac and Elizabeth (Porter) Johnson, of Roxbury.
Griffin Bowen, son of Francis Bowen of Llangenwydd, Co. Glamorgan, Wales, with wife, Margaret, daughter of Henry Fleming, came to New England in 1638, and were of Boston, where he was made a freeman May 22, 1639. He returned to England with his wife and several children in 1649.
Nathaniel Aspinwall died between February 15, 1719, the date of his will atWoodstock, and June 4, 1713, the date when it was proved at Boston. His widow died at Woodstock, April 16, 1736.

     1. Mehitabel, b.. Sept. 7, 1699
     2. Abigail, b. Oct. 5, 1701
     3. Elizabeth, b. March 12, 1704
     4. Peter, b. Feb. 16, 1707
     5. Nathaniel, b. Sept. 7, 1709


Thomas, son of Peter and Remember (Palfrey) Aspinwall, was born at Muddy River (Brookline) Mass., on January 21, 1668. In the year 1690, with his elder  brother, Nathaniel, went, in a company  commanded by their neighbor, Capt. Andrew Gardner, on an expedition to Canada, and while there "was cast away in  a vessell on Barn Island and perished." He  was unmarrried.


Mehitabel, daughter of Peter and Remember (Palfrey) Aspinwall, was born  September 14, 1669. She never married,  but lived for twenty years with Dr. Oliver at Cambridge, and many years with Dr. Williams at Boston. She was a doctress. She died, date unknown, at the homestead  in Brookline. Her nephew, Samuel, son of  her brother of the same name, who died in 1732, left her by his will forty shillings a year during her life.


Elizabeth, daughter of Peter and  Remember (Palfrey) Aspinwall, was born  November 21, 1671. She married (1) a Mr. Stevens of Salem. She married (2) in 1693 or 1695, Daniel Draper of Dedham, Mass. He was born at Dedham, May 30, 1665, and was the son of James and Miriam (Stansfield) Draper, who came from England prior to 1650. Daniel Draper had  married, first, November 16, 1691, Elizabeth Brackett, who died in 1692. Children of Elizabeth Aspinwall
1.  Elizabeth Stevens; m. Dec. 29, 1718,Daniel Kingsbury of Wrentham. He was b.Nov.11,1688; d. April 27,1754. She d. 1764. They had
1. Daniel, b. March 12, 1715, d. 1783
2.  Stephen, b. about 1716; d. April 23, 1754
3.Elizabeth, b. ______; m.  Joseph Harding
2. Daniel Draper, b. Nov. 6, 1695; d.Sept., 1703
3.  Mary Draper, b. Nov. 5, 1698; m. April 4, 1722 Capt. Hezekiah. son of Joseph and
Hanna (Sabin) Allen of Dover, She d. Oct. 25, 1775. Theyhad:
1.Hezekiah, b. April 15, 1724
2.Mary, b. 1727
3.Timothy, b. Aug. 31, 1731
4.Elizabeth, b. August 7, 1731


Eleazar, son of Peter and Remember (Palfrey) Aspinwall, was born October 9,1673, at Muddy River (Brookline), Mass. He lived for some time, at Brookline, on the farm of Capt. Robert Sharpe, and was also engaged in the manufacture of bricks. In 1701, he was living in Cambridge, and not long afterwards in Roxbury. While making bricks at Muddy River, in 1701, he went to law over the delivery of some bricks, the defendant setting up the claim that they were of inferior quality, and declined to pay for them. It is not of record how this suit terminated. In 1720, he removed to the town of  Wallingford, Ct., where he took charge of a farm belonging to Gov. Belcher of  Massachusetts. This farm was situated half-way between Hartford and New Haven, where is now the city of Meriden. The place was called the "Stone half-way house." He subsequently removed to the adgoining  town of Farmington (Kensington Parish), where he died in the year 1742. In the  sketch written by Dr. William Aspinwall (1767), he says of Eleazar Aspinwall; __
"He was a passionate man, a hard laborer,  apparently religious, but wilful, and too much verned by a bad wife; a stong man at argument. He died in the field with his hoe in ths hand.
Administation on his estate was granted to Mary and Aaron Aspinwal, his widow and son, July 6, 1742. It was appraised July 2, 1742, and amounted to more than seven hundred pounds. According to the probate records, his property was divided among his children, Aaron, who had a double portion, Mary Adkins, Hamatter, and Anna Nott. This is clearly a mistake as far as a child Hamatter is concerned, and no doubt  the daughter Huldah Cotton was meant. This is evidenced by the fact that soon after said settlement of the estate, Mary Adkins, Anna Nott and Huldah Cotton executed a quit-claim deed, in which they say, "to our  only and well beloved brother Aaron  Aspinwall," and the deed was for "the lands that our honored father Elizar Aspinwall left divideable amongst us." Also, in 1739, Eleazar Aspinwall deeded land to his only son Aaron. He married, at Roxbury, Mass., date  unknown, Mary ___ The date of her death  has not been ascertained.
1. Aaron, b. June 6, 1711
2. Mary, b ___
3. Anna, b ___
4. Huldah b__


Joseph, son of Peter and Remember (Palfrey) Aspinwall, and twin brother of Eleazar, was born at Muddy River(Brookline), Mass., October 9, 1673.Before he was of age, he went to sea, and finally commanded a vessel of his own. Dr. William Aspinwall, in the sketch written in 1767, which has been several times heretofore quoted, says of him:
"Joseph the son of Peter went tosea before he was of age, and at last marriedat New York, has a vessell of his own and was taken several times and once carried into PortRoyal when his brother Samuel was in the army besieging and once to France. He was burnt out at Seabrook in the winter where he kept shop. He was put in jail fordebt and again went to the sea to the West Indies where he was made Lieutenant of the Queen of Spain which was in a negro trade from Jamaica to Carthagena and Porto Bello. He married a niece of Lord Bellomont. He lived with her while he was in the office of Lieutenant but she died and he came home master of a large ship consigned to Mr. Farweather; he went off with the vessel again, was put out of business and in about 2 years returned to Brookline to the Farm which belonged to Thomas Aspinwall son of Samuel, son of Peter where he lived many years and there married the widow of Samuel Smith the brother of Nat Smith the miser; he lived with her 5 or 6 years and then died about 70 years of age. Before he was married he lived in Little Cambridge in the house belonging to Mr. Larned nigh Cunningham's county seat. He was of a middling structure, well proportioned and very genteel and something handsome; he was very passionate very gay, facetious, good company and always loose and exceedingly careless of his own and children's affairs."To the foregoing  general sketch of Joseph  Aspinwall's life are added the  following details, which are all that have been ascertained concening him:  As early as the year 1700, probably some time before, he lived in NewYork City, and so continued until 1711, when he removed to Saybrook, Ct., where he kept a store and also commanded a sloop out of the port called the "Joseph Burthen." He was made a freeman of the City of New York, June 6, 1710. May 1,1711, he subscribed one pound; two shillings, towards finishing the steeple of Trinity Church, New York. In December, 1711, while living at Saybrook, he was allowed by the Connecticut Assembly the sum of nineteen pounds, eleven shillings, and sixpence for the charges of Capt.Crane's funeral. In October, 1712, he
petitioned the Connecticut Assembly, praying for an allowance, "for a considerable sum in public bills of credit of this Colony lost by fire sometime in Winter last past at Wethersfield where he then sojourned."
He was burned out at Saybrook, and, about 1713-14, he removed to Sedham, Mass. In 1714, he was imprisioned for a debt of one hundred and twenty-eight pounds, four shillings and fourpence, due Philip Hedman of Boston, merchant. His release was ordered by the Court of General Sessions at Boston, after he had "declared upon his oath what effects were belonging to him."

How long he lived in Dedham is not known. His first wife probably died while he was living there, and he went to sea again. In 1724, while of Dedham, he bought 84 acres of land, in Killingly, Ct. of his brother Peter, but sold it back to him in 1728. There is no evidence that he ever lived on it.

December 5, 1729, an attachment was issued against the estate of Joseph Aspinwall, "late of Saybrook in our Colony of Connecticut, now residing in Boston, mariner, for six hundred pounds, to answer to Magdalen Hickells of Elizabethtown, N.J." The jury found for the defendant.

September 1, 1749, he petitioned the General Court of Massachusetts renewing his offer to go as a pilot for the Spanish courts.

The exact date of his death is not known.Dr. William Aspinwall wrote that he died at the age of about 70 years.

If Dr. Aspinwall's account is correct, then Joseph Aspinwall was three times married. He married, first in New York City, in 1700, Hannah, daughter of Christopher and Hannah Deane. The license for this marriage was granted on June 6, 1700. Christopher Deane, of New York City, in his will, proved May 9, 1692, names wife Hannah, mother-in-law Ruth Simms, son John, and wife's son Adam Wallis. Names also daughter Hannah, not then of age. No further account has been secured of him. The date of Hannah Aspinwall's death is not known, but she was living May 1, 1712, for, on that date, Jospeh Aspinwall and Hannah, his wife gave their bond for seventy-six pounds, two shillings and three pence, to Benjamine D'harricotte, merchant, of New York, to secure the payment of thirty-eight pounds, one shilling and one and one-half pence. He next married, according to the account of Dr. William Aspinwall, a niece of Lord Bellomont, governor of the Massachusetts  Bay Colony. This was probably while he lived at Dedham, and about the time he  went to sea again. From Dr. William Aspinwall's account, she probably died
abroad, perhaps in the West Indies. The name of this wife has not been  ascertained. Some five or six years before  his death, he married, at Brookline, the widow of Samuel Smith of that place. She probably survived him.
As to the children of Joseph Aspinwall, the  compiler of this work has been unable to                                  find but two, Jospeh and John, although there may have been others. These children were by his first wife, Hannah  Deane
It is proper to give here the reasons for asserting that Joseph, of Dedham, and John of New York City, were the sons of  Joseph Aspinwall, and Hannah Deane. As  to Joseph, of Dedham, we know that Joseph Aspinwall removed from Saybrook to Dedham, and lived there for a number of  years before he went to sea again, and, in 1729, Joseph Aspinwall appears on the records of Dedham. No other Aspinwall  family was in that locality at that period, and there can be no doubt, from name, local, tradition of descendants, religious persuasion (both being Episcopalians), etc,, that Joseph was the son of Joseph  and Hannah (Deane) Aspinwall. As to John, Dr. William Aspinwall, in his sketch, says, " the New York Aspinwalls proceeded from Samuel Aspinwall's brother Joseph." But we have still further proof. The late L.M. Sargent, of Boston, who published in the Boston transcript a series of articles on the celebrated Dr.William Aspinwall, and who had gone over the latter's papers and correspondence, states: "He seem to have found a kind friend and efficient advacate in his relative Mr. John Aspinwall of Flushing whom about this time (1768) he happened to meet at New Haven, and who had no difficulty in appreciating the merits of his young  kinsman." Soon afterwards, John Aspinwall wrote from Flushing to his cousin Thomas at Brookline:
 "I had the pleasure of seeing one of your sons at New Haven in August last, which gave me great satisfaction. He informed me of the welfare of your family, and acquainted me that he was studying physic with Dr. Gale of Killingworth.

On June 7, 1769, Dr. William Aspinwal, when returning home from Philadelphia, paid a brief visit to John Aspinwall at Flushing, who on that day addressed a letter to Thomas, Dr. William's father in which he says, "I have now the pleasure of writing you, by your dear son, who returned from Philadelphia to my house yesterday. ** * * I have, agreeably to your request, supplied him with the money you desired, and I believe he has beem frugal and careful.  This established the relationship between the Brookline family and John Aspinwall of New York and Flushing. Descendants of Joseph also state that their ancestor's  brother, John, went as a young man from Dedham to New York.

Of the two sons, Joseph was probably theelder, as John was born not earlier than1705, and Jospeh was marrried in 1728.
1. Joseph,b. ___
2. John, b. 1705/06


Mary, daughter of Peter and Remember (Palfrey) Aspinwall, was born August 4, 1677. She married, June 5, 1710, Samuel Baker of Northampton, Mass., and removed to the place. He was born at Dedham, September 15, 1673, and was the son of John and Abigail (Fisher) Baker of Dedham, and John was the son ofEdwards Baker, who came from England to Lynn, Mass., in 1630, with wife Jane.

1. Mary, b. Jan 7, 1711; d. same month
2. Samuel, b. Sept. 12, 1712; m. Sarah Lanckton; d. 1793. They had
1. Sarah, b. Oct. 11, 1742; m. Medad Alvord
2. Mary, b. Dec. 16, 1752; m.1772, Phineas Parsons
3. Mary, b. May 20, 1715' m. Dec. 21, 1740, Zeb Allis of North Sunderland
4. Daniel, b. Jan. 20, 1717; m. 1744 Elizabeth Allis; at New Haven, Ct. Dec. 7, 1798,
They Had:
1. Mary, b. 1744; d. young
2. Daniel, b. 1747; d. unmarried
3.Elizabeth, b. 1749; d. young
4. Samuel, b. 1752; d. young


Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel (Peter) and Sarah (Stevens) Aspinwall, was born March 25, 1693. She married Peter Gardner of Muddy River (Brookline). "They lived where Capt. Gridley has his country seat. She died at the birth of her only child about seven months after she was married. Her child was Nathaniel, who died in the nineteenth year of his age, of a consumption. he was a very sober young man." (Dr. William Aspinwall, 1767).

1. Nathaniel, b.___; d. in his 19th year


Samuel, son of Samuel (Peter) and Sarah (Stevens) Aspinwall, was born February 13, 1696. He was educated at HarvardCollege, and was designed for the ministry,but being of a week constitution,abandoned the idea, and died ofconsumption, Augugt 13, 1732. Thefollowing is taken from the New England Weekly Journal, Boston, of the isssue of Monday, September 11, 1732."Brookline, 21 August.On the 13th inst died here Mr. Samuel Aspinwall of this town in the 37 year of his age after between six and seven years of sickness. He commenced Master of Arts in Cambridge in 1717 and was designed forthe ministry, but discouraged by his inward weakness, which after he had for somelittle time settled here, so advanced as to take him off from business, and at lengthproved fatal. He was a gentleman of bright parts, natural and acquired, a strong memory, quick wit and solid judgment; pleasant in his conversation, a steady friend and a good Christian."

A sermon was preached by Rev. James Allin, pastor of the church at Brookline, and dedicated to Mr. Thomas Aspinwall, brother of the deceased. The text was from Psalms, 102, 11-12; subject, "The Eternity of God and the Short Life of Man considered."

Samuel Aspinwall never married. His will was dated August 10, 1732, and appointed his brother Thomas sole executor. He bequeathed seventy pounds to each of his three sister, Mary Gardner, Mehitable Craft and Sarah Aspinwall; also to pay unto Nathaniel Gardner, son of my late sister, Elizabeth Gardner, thirty-five pounds when he comes of age. I also give to my Aunt Pain of Boston, 3 pounds and to my Aunt Mehitabel Aspinwall 40 shs. a year during her life." The Aunt Pain must have been an aunt on the side of his mother.


Thomas, son of Samuel (Peter) and Sarah (Stevens) Aspinwall, was born in Brookline, May 21, 1698. He was a farmer, "and something of a carpenter." He lived and died in the house built by his grandfather, Peter Aspinwall. In 1750, he built a house near his own for his son Samuel. He was a Lieutenant in the company of militia commanded by his father. He held various offices. Was hogreave, 1722; selectman for ten years between 1737 and 1758; constable, fence viewer, surveyor, assessor and warden. Was chosen by the town to serve as juryman to the Superior Court, also to view the town treasurer's reports, and on a committee to supply the pulpit. He married, May 16, 1728, Joanna, daughter of Capt. Caleb and Abiel (Phipps) Gardner. She was born May 27, 1712, and died November 22, 1772. Capt. Caleb Gardner, born April 23, 1682, was the son of Thomas and Mary (Bowles) Gardner. Thomas Gardner, b. May 25, 1645, was the son of Thomas and Lucy (Smith)Gardner. Thomas Gardner, Sr., born in England in the ship "Safety," in1635.


1. Elizabeth, b. June 3, 1729
2. Samuel, b. May 27, 1731
3. Thomas, b. Jan 15, 1734
4. Caleb, b. Feb. 27, 1736
5. Sarah, b. May 30, 1738
6. Joanna, b. March 25, 1740
7. William, b. May 23, 1743
8. Katherine, b. Sept. 17, 1745
9. Lucy, b. April 17, 1748; d. Dec. 19,1819; unm.
10. Mary, b. Nov. 30, 1750; d. April 2,1765
11. Mehitabel, b. Aug. 8, 1757


Mary, daughter of Samuel (Peter) and Sarah (Stevens) Aspinwall, was born at Brookline, January 3, 1700; died June 30, 1762. She married, December 1, 1724, Cap. Benjamin, son of Thomas and Mary (Bowles) Gardner of Brookline. He was born in 1697, and died September 13, 1762.
1. Elisha, b. Sept. 9, 1726; m (Elizabeth ___. She d. Sept. 1, 1761; m. (2) ___
___.He d. Jan. 29, 1797.
They had:
1. Oliver, b. 1756; d. July 7, 1768
2. Benjamin, bap. March March 12, 1758; d. Oct. 7, 1785
3. Elisha, bap. Dec. 28, 1766
4. John, bap. March 18, 1770; d. 1848
2.  Samuel, b. Oct. 9, 1728; m. Sarah, dau. of Nathaniel and Hanuah (White) eaver. She
 was b. April 12, 1733; d. Jan 10, 1801. He d. Nov. 22, 1771
    They had
1. Caleb, b. Spt. 23, 1755
2. Nathaniel, bap. April, 1759; d. Aug. 26, 1800
3. Sarah, b. Nov. 13, 1762; m. Sept. 29, 1791. John Hastings of Newton.
4. Caleb, b. Sept. 8, 1733
5. Mary, bap. June 11


Mehitabel, daughter of Samuel (Peter) and Sarah (Stevens) Aspinwall, was born at Brookline, June 12, 1704. She died in the 42nd year of her age. She was married in February, 1725, to Samuel, son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Sharp) Craft of Roxbury. He was born June 4, 1701; died November 14, 1771.

Samuel Craft was the son of Samuel andElizabeth (Seavcr) Craft. Samuel Craft was the son of Griffin Craft, who came from England in 1630, and settled at Roxbury, Mass. His wife was Alice.
1. Samuel, b. 1726; d. young
2.  Sarah, b. 1728; m. May 5, 1749, Rev. Jonathan son of Henry and Frances (White)
Winchester. She d. July 27, 1794.
They had:
1. Elizabeth, b ___
2. Henry, b___
3. Jonathan, b. ___
4. Samuel, bap Jan. 16, 1757
5. Sarah, b. __
6 .Mehitabel, b. ___
7. William, b. ___
8. Mary, b. ___
9. Ichabod, b.___
3.  Elizabeth, b. 1730; m. 1750, Obadiah, son of Samuel and Hannah (Gore) Curtis of
Roxbury. She d. 1751. They had no child
4. Hannah, b. 1732; m. 1750, Jeremiah Mosher. No children
5.  Mehitabel, b. 1734 (?); m. Sept 16,1753, Joseph son of Isac and Hannah (Greenwood)
  Fuller of Newton. No children 1725


Sarah, daughter of Samuel (Peter) and Sarah (Stevens) Aspinwall, was born atBrookline, November 21, 1707; died September 11, 1801. She married Benjamin, sonof Benjamin and Margaret (Weld) White of Brookline. He was born November 25, 1707; died October 19, 1777.

Benjamin White, Sr. was the son of Joseph and Hannah White. Joseph White was the son of John White and wife Frances, who came from England, and were of Watertown, Mass., as early as 1639. Removed in 1650 to Muddy River (Brookline).

1. Eleanor, b. Oct. 26, 1735; d. young
2. Caleb, b. Oct. 24, 1736; d. April 26, 1737
3. Thomas, b. Dec. 11, 1738; m. March 9, 1775, Lovana Richards. He d. Jan. 11,
1784. They had:
1. Sarah, bap. Dec. 10, 1775
2. Eleanor, bap. Aug. 31, 1777
3. Elizabeth, bap. Jan. 23, 1780
4. Thomas, bap. Feb. 17, 1782
4.  Caleb, b. March 10, 1741; m. May 14, 1767, Elizabeth Craft. She d. Oct. 7, 1839,aged
 92 years. He d. Dec. 16, 1770.
They had:
1. Ann, b. Sept. 15, 1768; m. Dr. John Goddard of Portsmouth. No children.
2. Benjamin, b. June 13, 1743; m. June 18, 1778, his cousin, Thankful, dau of
 Joseph White. She was b. March 17, 1745; d. Nov. 17, 1836. He died March 20, 1814.
They had:
1. Abigail, bap. March 28, 1779; m. Samuel Gore.
2. Isaac, bap. Sept. 10, 1780; d. May 31, 1781.
3. Maria, bap. Sept. 22, 1782; d. June 10, 1815.
4. Benjamin, b. April 19, 1784; d. July 7, 1839.
5. Susanna, bap. July 9, 1786.
6. Warren, bap. Sec. 26, 1790
3. Eleanor, b. Oct. 26, 1745; m. July 3, 1766, Caleb, son of Ebenezer and Susanna (White) Craft. She d. April 23, 1785.
They had:
1. Ann, bap. May 24, 1767' d. Aug. 9, 1775.
2. Ebenezer, bap. Jan 10. 1773; d. July 26, 1775.
4. Caleb, b. Dec. 10, 1783; m. Feb. 9, 1805, Sarah Richardson.
4. Jerusha, b. Aug. 1, 1749; m. Sept. 17, 1812 (as his second wife), Caleb Craft, who m. (1) her sister Eleanor. Jerusha d. Aug. 2, 1838.


Mary, daughter of Peter (Peter) and Elizabeth Aspinwall, born date unknown, but probably in 1700, married, January 22, 1717. Eleazar Bateman of Killingly, Ct., formerly from Woburn, Mass. She probably died before November 2, 1736, for on that date the church records at Killingly give the marriage of Deacon Eleazar Bateman to Mrs.Hannah Cutler. In Dr. William Aspinwall's sketch (1767), he says that Mary, the daughter of Peter, had one son and several daughters. I have found recorded, however, the following children only:

1. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 1, 1717.
2. Mary, bap. Oct. 18, 1719.


Mehitabel, daughter of Nathaniel (Peter) and Abigail (Bowen) Aspinwall, was born at Woodstock, Ct., September 7, 1699. She married, March 5, 1718, Henry Elithorpe of Killingly, Ct. He was, perhaps, the son of John and Mary Elithorpe of Rowley, Mass., and, if so, the grandson of Thomas Elithorpe, who came from England, and was one of the early settlers of Rowley. Henry Elithorpe's farm was situated on the French River, on the site of the present Grosvenordale. He was a Lieutenant in the Indian Wars.
1. Henry, b ___; m. Dec. 4, 1744, Rebecca Ormsbee
2. Mary, b.___; m Dec. 4 1744, William Whittemore
3.  Nathaniel, bap. Sept. 9, 1722; m (1) June 14, 1764, Jemima Younglove; m (2) Sarah __ Abigail, bap Aug. 8, 1725
4. John, bap. May 26, 1728,; m. Dec. 26, 1749, Elizabeth Marsh
5. Martha, b, March 8, 1734
6. Elizabeth, b April 11, 1736
7.  Huldah, b March 18, 1739; m. May 11, 1765, Danile son of Smith and Mary (Spalding)
8. Barrett. He was b. March 4, 1742; d July 22, 1807.
They had:
1.  Smith, b July 2, 1766; m Oct. 4, 1786, Abigail White, b. April 16, 1767; d. Nov. 29, 1825. He d. April 10, 1837, at Belchertown, Mass.
They had:
1. Melicent, b. March 12, 1788
2. Calvin, b. June 10, 1790
3. Thomas, b. Aug. 27, 1792
4. Lucinda, b. Jan 22, 1798
5. Leonard, b.Nov. 24, 1801
6. Nancy, b Nov 4 1804
7. Amanda, b. Jan 20, 1807
8. Lucy, b March 19, 1810.
2.  Anna, b Feb 20, 1768, m March 24, 1784, Joseph Town
3.  Milicent, b. Feb. 2, 1770
4. Daniel, b. April 17, 1772; m (1) L. Sanger, and had one child, who die young; m (2) S. Converse, and had Lucinda, Butler, Wheeler, Temperance, Daniel, Sally, Curtis, and Converse
5. Ichabod, b. Dec. 20 __


Abigail, daughter of Nathaniel (Peter) and Abigail (Bowen) Aspinwall, was born at
Woodstock, Ct. October 5, 1701. She married, December 7, 1721, John, son of John
and Elizabeth Child of Woodstock. He was born at Roxbury, Mass. about 1698.

John Child, Sr. was the son of Benjamin and Mary (Bowen) Child.

Benjamin Child came from England about 1645 and settled at Roxbury, Mass. He
married Mary, daughter of Griffith Bowen.

1. Dorothy, b Oct. 6, 1722
2. Sarah b., May 12, 1724
3. Abijah, b. Sept 17m 1726; m. (1) Oct. 29, 1748, Priscilla Morse; m (2) about 1750 Abigail Johnson
4. Abigail, b. Jan 1, 1728; m. Oct. 19, 1746, Nathan Ainsworth
5. John, b. Aug. 8, 1733; m Jan. 2, Sybil Bugbee
6. Shubael, b. Aug. 13, 1735; m. Dec. 27, 1759, Abigail, dua. of Isaac and Jerusha
(Prentice) Bowen. She ws born March 1, 1739; d. May 14, 1788. He d. June 7,
7. Benaiah, b. April 17, 1740
8. Hannah, b. Oct. 3, 1742


Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel (Peter) and Abigail (Bowen) Aspinwall, was born at Woodstock, Ct. March 12, 1704; died there November 4, 1797. She married in 1726 (intentions recorded April 5, 1726), James Hosmer. He died September 20, 1770. He was perhaps the son of James and Elizabeth (Sawyer) Hosmer of Concord, Mass.

1. Anna, b. Nov 28, 1727
2. Elizabeth, b. May 23, 1738
3. James, b. Oct. 21, 1749; d. Oct. 27, 1788

The Aspinwall and Aspinall Families of Lancashire 1189 - 1923

 A collection of family records brought together by


The above names are amongst the earliest of Lancashire surnames, and can be traced continuously from shortly after the Norman Conquest to the present day. No connected account of the families who have borne them has hitherto appeared in print, but the present writer has collected a quantity of interesting information relating to them, from which the following notes have been selected. To bring this information together it has been necessary to consult some two thousand different volumes, records and documents.

The name Aspinwall had its origin in an Anglo-Saxon place name, which when first given was apparently intended to describe some natural feature. It signifies the "aspen well" -- the aspen well, or spring, or source of some stream which gushed forth amongst the aspen trees. The locality to which the name became attached lies near or upon the boundaries of the ancient manors of Hurleton, Uplitherland, and Halsall, and within a short distance of the quiet old market town of Ormskirk. Parish Church at Ormskirk When the Burscough Priory was founded by Robert the son of Henry of Lathom in 1189, the church at Ormskirk was given to the Conons of St. Nicholas as a portion of its endowment; and from theChartulary of the Priory we learn that land in Aspinwall has been given to the church at some earlier date still, possibly at the time it was built. The exact date of its building is unknown, but a reliable authority considers it to have been prior to the taking of the Domesday Survey. The locality remains today as for centuries past, quiet agricultural country, with a few houses dotted about here and there. see Ormskirk history and photo

The name Aspinall was one of several variants of Aspinwall -- there is abundant evidence to corroborate this fact. It may be well to note here that "Asmall" was another of these variants.

When surnames began to come into general use in Lancashire, the owners or tenants of quite a number of places around Ormskirk adopted the names of the lands they occupied as their distinctive second names, and amongst them was the tenant of Aspinwall. We find him described in a Plea Roll of the year 1246 as "Henry de Aspenewell" and through there is some reason to believe that earlier members of his family may have lived there, he is the earliest person who has been found described as of "Aspinwall." The actual history of the family, then, commences from the year 1246, and we have to thank the custom which introduced second names into this county for supplying the key which enables us to collect from the records of Lancashire those which are essential to the making of the hirstoy. It is of course natural that records relating to the family at Aspinwall should receive our first attention, and we shall proceed to place in chronological order and quote some of these, summarizing them later so far as possible into pedigree form. The earliest record appears in the Lancashire Assize Rolls, in the Roll of Pleas and Assizes held in Lancaster in the 30th-31st year of the reign of Henry III (1246), and is as follows: --
     Morte d' Ancestor, -- Walter, son of Gilbert of Scarisbrick, in right of this father, versus the Abbot of Cockersand. Avice  daughter of Simon de Nathelarg. Henry de Aspenewell, and Robert de Nathelarg, re 10 acres in Hurleton. Defendants object that they do not perticipate in any tenement and that the claim is against them jointly and not individually. Non suit.

The Lancashire and Cheshire Historical Society have printed a number of "Ancient Charters preserved at Scarisbrick Hall in the County of Lancaster. Several of these related to transfers of land by or to members of the Aspinwall family, whilest others were witnessed by members of the family. In the letter case it sometimes seems that the witness may have had a personal interest in the transaction witnessed. The deeds range over several centuries, and will be quoted in their date order with other records. Adam de Aspenewell witnessed several of the Scarisbrick Deeds between the years 1260 and 1280 and is the second person of his name of whom we have mention. We also meet with him in an Assize Roll which tells us that: "In 1292, Avice, daughter of Simon de Netherleigh, Adem de Aspinwall and others, alleged that Gilbert de Scarisbrick and Robert de Hurleton, chief Lords of Hurleton, had disseised them of 80 acres of moor, moss, and pasture land, and this claim was sustained."

Gilbert de Aspenwalle witnessed two Scarisbrick Deeds about 1288 and 1300. He was a juror at the inquest on Richard de Hasken taken at Lancaster on the 11th September 1329 and his name also appears in an Exchequer Lav Subsidy Roll for Lancashire for 1332. (a subsidy for the wars of Edward III with Scotland) --

"Skaresbrek cu Hurleton (Scarisbrick with Hurleton), D. Gilbto de Aspenwall, iij" Simon of Aspinwalle makes a grant of land to his daughter Emma in a ScarisbrickDeed dated 1306; and in 1318 he witnesses another as "Simon son of Adam of Aspinwalle." The earlier one is as follows --1306. "Let all know that I Simon of Aspinwalle have granted to Emma my daughter and her heirs and assigns all my land and manor which James of Snape gave me in the territories of Hurleton, Scarisbrec and Snape with all liberties and easements rendering due service to the chief lord and 8 pence rent at Pentecost and 8 pence at St. Martins in Winter. (Nov. 11) Witnesses -- Lord Robert Hurleton, Gilbert of Halsall, Richard of Burscow, Thomas Blundell, and many others. Given at Aspinwall on the Feast of St. Peter's Chair (Jany. 18) in the 34th year of the reign of King Edward" (1306)

Between the years 1304 and 1339 we find a half-dozen records relating to various members of the family in the Parent and Close Rolls --"1304, May 20, Stirling. Commission of oyer and teminer to John Biroun and Henry de Kygheley touching an appeal which Adam, son of Simon de Aspenwalle brings in the county of Lancaster against Gilbert de Halsale. Master Adam de Worthington, Alan le Bretun, Robert Blundell, Alan son of Gilbert, and William le Carpenter for the death of Henry son of Simon de Aspenwall his brother."
      "1310, Nov. 24 Pardon to Henry, son of Adam de Aspenwalle for the death of John de Aykestowe, on account of his good service in Scotland"
     "1315, August 22nd. Rockingham. Henry de Aspinwalle, in the King's prison at Stafford for the death of John de Aspenwalle at Ormeschirche in the County of Lancaster, has letters to the Sheriff of Lancaster to bail him until the first assize."

     "1317, April 22nd. Westminster. Simon de Aspinwal, in the King's prison at Northampton for the death of John de Aspenwal has letters to the Sheriff of Lancaster to bail him until the first assize."
     "1318, November 1st. York Pardon with the assent of Parliament at York to Richard de Aspynwalle (several others are named), an adherent of the earl of Lancaster."

     "1328, June 9th. Woodstock. To Geoffrey le Scrop and his fellows, justices to hold please before the King." "Whereas the King is given to understand that Adam Banastre knight, Henry du (sic) Lee, Henry de Aspenwall, and Roger de Levre, and others adherents of Adam rose in war against the late King, who appointed, by his commission under the great seal, Thomas earl of Lancaster to pursue the said Adam and his adherents, by virtue of which commission the earl pursued them, and caused them to be taken and put to death, etc." (As this rather lengthly record contains no other information bearing on our subject, it is unnecessary to quote further.)
     "1339, October 30th. Langley, Pardon to Robert de Aspenwall, for the death of Adam de Perpoint."

Adam de Aspinwalle witnesses a Scarisbrick Deed in 1306, and in volume of "Final Concords," or Lancaster Fines, for the period 1308 to 1377, we find the following--"At Preston on Monday next before St. Michael,7 Henry, Duke of Lancaster (25 September 1357), between Thomas de Lathom the elder, chivaler, plaintiff, and Adam de Aspynwall, and Margery his wife, and William de Cleves of Aghton and Ellen his wife, deforciants, of 2 measures, 20 acres of land, and 6 acres of moor in Lathum. The deforciants acknowledged said tenements to be the right of Thomas, to have and to hold to him and his heirs, for which Thomas gave them 20 marks."

The land given by Simon of Aspinwall to his daughter in 1306 is the subject of another carisbrick Deed in 1318
     "1318. Let all know that I Emma daughter of Symon of Aspinwalle have granted to John del Lont son of William de Molyneux of Sefton and his heirs and signs all that land with appurtenances which I had by gift and feoffiment from Symon of Aspinwall my late father in the territories of Hurleton, Scaresbrec, and Snape. To have and to hold of the chief lords of that fee for due services paying me annually seven pence at Pentecost and eight pence at St. Martins in Winter (Nov. 11)
     Witness Gilbert of Scarisbrick, Richard le Walais, Robert of Hurlton, Walter of Aghton, and others. Given at Hurlton on Thurday the Vigil of St. Hiliary in the 11th year of Edward II(1318)."

Thomas Aspinwall witnesses four Scarisbrick Deeds between the years 1364 and 1398. His name, with those of two other members of the family, appear also in another record. --

     "A List of Persons who promised to subscribe to the stipends of the Priest of the altar of our Lady at Ormskirk, A.D. 1366.

          Thomas de Aspynwall
          Rog de Aspynwall
          Rics le ffrenshe
          Johes de Aspynwall."

These, the first four names on the list, are followed by eighty others. John of Aspinwall is mentioned in five of the Scarisbrick Deeds between 1370 and 1390: --

     "1370. Let all know that we (nineteen names follow, amongst the John Aspinwall) have appointed as attorney our beloved in Christ William of Gosfordesiche of all lands and tenements which we have had by gift and feofiment," etc., etc.
     "1371. This Indenture witnesses that we Gilbert of Gosfordesiche and William brother of the same have granted to John Aspinwall for the whole of his life two parts of all messuages lands and tenements which we have had by gift and feofiment of the same John in the Vills of Hurleton and Skaresbreck. To be held of the chief lords for due services. And after the death of said John then to his daughter Jane and her lawful heirs, and if she die without lawful issue then to the right heirs of the said John. Winesses -- Otho of Halsale and others. Geven at Aspinwall on Tuesday the feast of St. Mary Magdalene (July 22) in the 45th year ofEdward III.."

     "1389. Let all present and future know that I John of Aspinwale have granted to
     Richard Taglismon (wood-cutter?) and Richard the Smyth of Burscough one messuage, five acres of land and 20 of moor and pasture in Vill of Aspynwale a hamlet of Hurleton and Skaresbreckk. To be held of the lords of the fee for due services. Witnesesser -- Gilbert Halsall, Knight, and others. Given at Aspynwall on the fiest of the finding of the Cross (May 3) in the 12th year of Richard II. The two other deeds are both dated 1390, and relate to the reversion of land to Emma, daughter of John of Aspynwall, under certain named eventualities.

Hugh of Aspynwall appears next, in a deed dated 1414, and he witnesses another dated 1429. The first tell us:--
     "1414. This indenture witnesses that . . . Hugh of Aspynall, Robert Attekynson of Snape and Thomas de Hasketh of Scarisbreck by their bond are firmly bound to William of Goldbourne in 100 pounds," etc.

This deed appears to have a sequel in another dated 1535-36, which relates to an indenture made between Bartholomew Hasketh and William Goldbourne "of Asmall," in which mention is made of "one acre of land in the Byrthraw in Asmall," and of William' inheritance in Asmall called Jakkeyord.

Hugh Aspenwall, perhaps the grandson of the Hugh of 1414, is named in two other deeds. The first dated 1468, Nicholas Hurdylton grants lands and rentals to Hugh Lathom, Chaplain, and Gilbert Hurdylton, and a rental, "from Hugh Asmoll, 12d.," is mentioned. The second is dated 1490 and refers to a grant of land by James Scaresbrecke to Thomas Assheton; "And I appoint as my attorney my beloved in Christ  Hugh Aspenwall to deliver the same." The evidence of the Lancashire Parish Registers becomes available after the middle of the sixteenth century, and we find the surname has by this time become that of a clan, the various families of which had settled not only in the neighborhood of Ormskirk, but also in parts of South Lancashire. The Ormskirk registers commence in 1557, and between that year and 1626 there are 252 entries of births, burials, and marriage: 175 of these are entered as Aspinwall, 58 as Asmall, whilst the remainder for the most part resemble one of these two forms of spelling. An analysis of the entries soon shows that the information given by them is insufficient to give the relationship between the different persons and families whose names are given, when taken alone, and that without some supplementary information to help us they would be of little use.

George Aspinwall died in 1559.The inquisition taken after his death is of special interest in that it gives the name of his ancestors for seven generations past, in addition to other interesting information. The following abstract of it has been obtained from the original document in the Public Record Office; --

     "Inquisico Indentar capt apud Wigan in com Lanc coram Rado Worsley armigero dedimo die septembris anno regni dne Elizabeth septimo virtut officcii e iusdem escaetoris post mortem George Aspynwall genos defunct p Sacrm Gabrielis Hesketh genos (and others) Jurat...."
Though the death of George Aspinwall occurred within the time of the Ormskirk registers, no record of his burial appears in them. We need feel no surprise at this,however, as the entries at first were not very numersous. The second marriage of his wife is recorded --"Hugh Hoolme, Alis Aspinwall, 26 Januarie 1560." and amongst the burials an entry appears which shows there was yet another George about this time -- "Eliz" Aspinwall Relic George in ecclia 8 September 1571." There is also a George Asmoll mentioned in the will of Ralph Hasellhurst of Golborne in 1512, but his identity is uncertain.
Miles Asmall witnessed a quitclaim to Hugh Holme, yeoman, relating to property in Scarisbrick in 1575."

James Aspinwall of Aspinwall died in 1591, and his wife Katherin in 1596; the entries of their burials in the parish registerare as follows --

     "James Asmall in ye new chancell 21  Maye, 1591.
     " Katherin Aspinwall vid. 4 Maye 1596."

They both made wills as may be ascertained form the lists of "Chester Wills. 1545-1620." In the prefatorial notes to this volume there is given a "List of Wills...Lost or Destroyed" in which the name of James Aspinwall of Aspinwall, Co. Lanc., gent. 1591." unfortunately appears. We are further informed however, that an abstract of the lost will may be found in the Piccope MSS, preserved at the Chetham Library at Manchester. A copy taken from that abstacthas been obtained.

     "The will of James Aspinwall of Aspinwall, Co. Lanc. gent. To be bur. in the par. Church of Ormiskirke. To Katheren my wife, My foure children, Eward, Anne, Grace, & Elizabeth. My father William Aspinwall. My sonne William Aspinwall to have certain heirlomes. Katheren my wife & Edward my sonne Exors. Witness: Bartholomew Hesketh, Gylbert Hansall & Henry Barton. The will was proved June 11th 1591."

William Aspinwall of Scarisbrick was a juror at the Inquisition after the death of Christopher Dixon of Haughton (Aughton) on the 22nd March 1605; and on the 15th July of the same year. "William Aspinwall of Aspinwall" was a juror at the Inquisition after the death of Ralph Catton of Cronton, yoman. He is the last Aspinwall named in the Scarisbrick Deeds; three of whichrelate to transactions in which he was concerned.--
       "1562. This is the final agreement made in the Queens Court of Lancaster on Monday the Feast of St. Bartholomew the Apostle (Aug. 24) in the 4th year of the reign of Elizabethb before Nicholas Powtrethaw and John Walshe, Sergts at Law, Queens Judges at Lancaster and the faithful there present. Between William Aspenwall plainfiff and Henry Starkey gentleman who was illegally occupying one messuage, two gardens, one apple orchard, ten acres of land, three acres of meadow, ten of pasture, and one acre of wood in Okenhead in Scaresbrek, whence the agreement was made between them in the same court and the said Henry acknowledged that the said tenaments and their appurtenances were by right he property of said William which he had by gift of the aforesaid Henry. Warranty to secure him possession and in recognition of this quitclaim and warranty the aforesaid William gave to aforesaid Heny 40 pounds sterling." "1571. Let all know that I George Ireland of Hutte in Co. of Lanc., esq., have remitted for me and for my heirs and have quitclaimed to William Aspinwall of Ormiskyrk, yeoman, and to his heirs full a peaceful possession of and in one messuage or tenement with its appurtenances in Okenhed with the domain of Scarsibrick in Lancashire now or lately in the tenancy or occupation of Humphrye Hill (sic, ? Gill) and to all and each of the land, tenements, meadows, pasture and turbary wood and underwood, rents, reversion, etc., which Thomas Ireland, esq., my father acquired by donation, bargain and sale of John Starkey gentleman. last day of August in the 14th year of Elizabeth." 1578-1579. Let the present and future know that I William Aspinwall of Scarisbrick in the County of Lancaster have granted and delivered to James Gorsuch within Scarisbrick (certain properties) situated in or derived from Scarisbrick called Bartillshouse and especially in the farm conjointly or separately in the tenure of my villains, Jane Gill relict of Humphrey Gill, Thomas Richardson, and Katherine Blundell, with the exception of a certain piece of land ... adjoining the Kings highway, that leads to Snape, etc. In witness whereof I have set my Seal to this paper on the 8th day of January in the 21st year of Elizabeth." The preceding records have brought us to the beginning of the seventeenth century and to a point when a new era in the family hitory commences, for about this time the family removed from Aspinwall to Toxteth Park, near Liverpool.

Part II

                         Removing to Toxteth Park

The Aspinwall family attained a prominent position in Lancashire after removing to Toxteth Park, and during the Interregnum we find its members taking an active and conspicuous part in the politics of those days on the Parliamentarian side. We also find strong religious convictions of the stern Puritan type then so prevalent amongst the followers of Oliver Cromwell. The possession of these characteristics was doubtless the factor which influenced Parliament in appointing several members of the family to act as magistrates, to serve on various Commissions, and to perform other public duties in Lancashire.

It would appear to have been between the years 1596 and 1611 that the family left Aspinwall, near Orskirk and went to reside at Toxteth Park. In an account of Toxteth we are told --"The custody of the Park was in 1447 granted to Sir Thomas Stanley. This office descended in the Stanley family until 1596, when William Earl of Derby sold the Park with all his lands and tenements there and in Smithdown to Edmund Smolte and Edward Aspinwall (Croxteth D. Aa.2) who subsequently made a number of grants to kinsmen and others."Edward Aspinwall (who was the son of William, as we shall presently see) seems to have taken possession of his property shortly afterwards, for if we may trust several old puritan writers, he was certainly residing there in 1611. There is one entry in the Ormskirk registers, amongst the christenings, which may refer to him:--

     "Edward Aspinwall 17 Januarie 1567." Beyond this the registers give us no information, for neither his marriage nor the births of his children are here recorded. A number of fact have been obtained from other sources which appear to relate to him. In the register of the University of Oxford, 1571-1622, we find in a List of Mattriculations: --

     "23 Apr. 1585, Bras. Aspinwall, Edw. Lanc. pleb. f. 15." The name Edrus Aspinwall de Skaresbreck g. appears in a list of freeholders in Lancashire in 1600, amongst the "Libre Tenentes Infra Hundred de West Derby."

In a volume of Lancashire Funeral Certificates, in the certificate relating to Katherine Bretargh, dated 1601 (Lansdowne MS., 879, fo. 7), we read that "Mr. Edward Aspinwall visited her during her sickness and wrote verses on her death."

In the records of the Manchester Quarter Sessions, 1616-1623, under the date March 21st 1620, we find the name "Edrus Aspinwall de Toxteth, High Constable for Derbie Hundred."

In Dugdale's "Visitation of Lancashire," 1664-5, it is shown in the pedigree of Lathomof Whiston that John Lathom of Whiston married "Susanna," daughter of Edward Aspenhall of Aspenhall, Co. Lancaster." He (John Lathom) was fifty-eight years of age on the 8th April 1665. The same pedigree is given in the Familae Minorum Gentium, but here Susanna is described as the daughter of "Edward Aspinwall of Aspinwall, first watchmaker in England."

In January, 1634, in the reign of Charles I, the inquistion after the death of Edwardus Aspinwall, late of Toxteth Park, was taken at Wigan. This has not hitherto been printed, but a full abstract of it has been obtained from the original at the Public Records Office, and from this it will be seen that the will of Edward Aspinwall (the original of which has not been found) is recited in the inquisition, and that he died at Toxteth Park on the 26th October 1633.

Duchy of Lancaster Inquisitions Post Mortem

(Vol. 28, No. 1)

Edward Aspinwall, of Toxteth Park Inquisition taken at Wigan, co. Lancs., Monday 27, January 9 Charles I, to enquire after the death of Edward Aspinwall, late of Toxteth Park., co. Lancs., gent., deceased, by the oaths of William Forster, William Ford, William Bankes, William Pilkington, Roger Rycroft, William Irmishawe, James Barker, Adam Aspull, James Mollineux, Humfrey Platt, John Aspull, Robert Gerrard, Robert Jolly, Richard Greene, James Higham, Miles Baron, Roger Bradshawe & Geoffrey Sherington, gentlemen, jurors, who on their oath say that on & before his death the said Edward was seised in his demesne, as of fee, of and in one messuage, one garden, one orchard, 45 acres of moor & moss, with appurtenances, in Rossacre, c. Lancs. Now or late in the tenure of Edmund Parr, and of and in one other messuage, one garden,one orchard, 5 acreas of meadow and pasture land in Rossacre, now or late in the tenure of Richard Wignall; and of and in 12 acres of meadow in and pasture land and 2acres of moor and moss in Wesham, co.Lancs., and of and in one messuage, 4 acreas of meadown and pasture in Wesham, now or late in the tenure of William Butler. And of and in one messuage and 15 acres of meadow in and pasture in Scaresbrick, co. Lancs, And of one in one messuage Called Hales House and 7 acreas of meadow and pasture in Scaresbrick; and of and in 6 acres ofmeadow called the Greater Stockenbridge Meadown & the Lesser Stockenbridge Meadow in Scaresbrick; and of and in 3 cottages, 3 gardens, 3 orchards and one acre of land in Ormeskirke, which were late a certain Smelt's and of an in one burgage one garden, one land called Mawerice House in Liverpool; and of and in one messuage, one garden, one orchard and two acres of land in Ormeskirke called Lawrenson's House; and of an in one barn called Morecrofts Lower House and 16 acres of meadow and pasture in Scaresbrick and Burghscouge, co. Lanc. And so being seised, the said Edward Aspinwall made his last will as follows:-

"I give (besides what allredy given) to the pore of Ormeskirke Parishe Five shillinges. Next I will and devise twoe ptes of all my Messuages Landes tenents and hereditam w thappurtenus myne owne inheritance (in Aspinwall, Hurleston, Scarisbreecke, Ormiskirke, Rossacre, Wessham and Levpoole or eles wheare within the Countye of Lancaster), in three ptes to bee devided, and all the rent and pffits of and to bee pceaved out of the said twoe ptes, to the psones and uses and in manner followeinge. That is to saye. I give and devise that one pcell of land in the occupacon of Thomas Lawranson or his assignes, lyeing in the Towne feild of Ormiskirke, To Peeter Aspinwall my brother, and to the heires males of his body lawfully begotten, willing that the same bee accmpted as parcell of the sad twoe ptes And as to the residue of the said twoe ptes ) pcell wheareof I wilbee accompted the revcon of the houe wherein William Maurice dwelleth and gardine in Levpoole, after the deceases of the said William and of Alice his wyffe) and the rent and entyre pffitts of the same (except what estate or terme of and in the said house and Gardeine in Leverepoole I shall assigne or by anie meanes appointe to the use of my sonn William Aspinwall, the Children or wyffe or anie of them) I will and devise the same to the other Children of Jerehiah Aspinwall myne eldest son, besides his heire, for and dureinge the terme of eighteen yeares to bee accompted to       beginne imediately from and after the second daye of Februarie in the year of our Lord god one thousand sixe hundred and thertie and to bee used pceived and taken, to and for theire educacon and pferm in such sorte and manner, as the said Jefehiah shallin his lyffe tyme thinke good and set downe, or otherwyse as my executors together with theire mother shall thinke meeteste, or otherwyse equalie amongst them. Nevrthelesse Provided that if the said Jerehiah should depart this lyffe, Marie his nowe wyffe survivinge him. That then (and soe I will and appointe) the said Marie not Clameing anie other tytle or dower ut of anie my said messuages, ande, tenemt and hereditam, shall in lew and recompence of all such tytle and dower rceive and have yearelye dureinge her naturall lyffe oute of the said twoe ptes (the said pcell of lande given to my brother and the said house and Gardeine in Levpool &c. excetoted) the yearely some of thertye pound, accordinge to my agreem w her father, at the feaste dayes of the nativities of our Lord Jesus Christe and St. John Baptiste by equall porcons in nature of a rente charge. Moreov I doe as well devise, will and give the remaynder of the said twoe ptes, and the residue of the rents and pffits of the said twoe ptes (the reservacon in Maurice house and Gardeine for my sonne William and the recompence of dower to Marie my sonne Jerehiah his nowe wyffe aforemenconed saved and provided for) after the determinacon of the said Eighteene yeares under the Condicons provsoes and charges heareafter expressed As alsoe leave to descend the other therd pte of all the said messuages, landes tenemts and hereditamt thappertennces whatsoev to the said Jerehiah Aspinwall my eldest sonne, and to the heirs males of the bodie of siad Jerehiah lawfully begotten or to bee begotten, And for defaulte of such heires males then to the righte heires males then to the righte heires males of the bodye of mee the said Edward lawfullie begotten and to bee begotten. And for defaulte of such issue then to my righte heires for ev. And as to such of the said messuages, landes tenemt and herehitamt w the appurtences as primarilye were my Fathers purchase, I will dispose and leave the remayndre thereof for defaulte of heires male of my owne bodye lawfullye begotten andd to bee begotten, and for the defaulte of such issue then to my right heires for ev.....

The jurors say that Edward died 26 October, 8 Charles I at Toxteth Park & that Jeheriah Aspinwall is his son & heir aged at the taking of this Inquisition 38 years & more. They say that the premises in Rossacre & Wessham are held of the King, as of his Duchy of Lancaster by knight service & are worth yearly beyond reprisals, 30s. The premises in Liverpool are held of the King in free & common burgage by fealty & the annual rent of 12d, & are worth yearly 2s. The presises in Ormeskirk are held of William Earl of Derby in free & common socage, by fealty & the rent of 13d. a year & are worth yearly 16s. Hales House & land in Scarebrick & the Greater & Lesser Stockbridge Meadow are held of Edward Scaresbrecke Esq., as of his Manor of Scresbrick in socage & are worth yearly 10s.

And the messuage & 15 acres in Scaresbrick are held of ___(left blank) Hurleston Esq. in socage, by fealty & the annual rent of 6d. & are worth yearly 16d. The said Jerehiah has taken the rents & profits of the said lands, &c., since the day of Edward's death till the present time. Several writers on Lancashire puritanism mention Edward Aspinwall, and from them we get a vauable insight into his character.  In Lancashire, its Puritanism and Nonconformity, by Robert Halley, D.D. (1869), we read:-- "We meet with another group of Puritans, although their puritanism seems to have been of a milder type than that of the moorlands, in and around Toxteth Park, near Liverpool. They erected a chapel in which they could hear the evangelical doctrines of the Reformation preached in their purity, and lift up a standard against the popery abounding in their neighborhood. They invited Richard Mather when a boy to teach their children, and, when only a youth, to teach themselves. Time has spared the name of one of them,...Edward Aspinwall, the intimate friend of the sainted Mrs. Brettargh, and her comforter in her last hours of mortal sickness. The Church of Christ has some reason to venerate his memory, for by the influence of his holy conversation, his beautiful example, and his domestic peity the young schoolmaster, Richard Mather, was won over to the puritan cause and prepared for the great work which he did so well in New England.  What the Mathers, father and fours sons and many grandsons did for New England may, under God, be attributed in no small degree to the holy life of Edward Aspinwall." A small volume entitled The Life and Death of Mr. Richard Mather, Teacher of the Church in Dorchester in New England (Cambridge, 1670), gives a quaint account of Richard Mather's early life and conversion, and is to the same effect.

Jirehiah Aspinwall was borne about 1595, as we learn from the inquisition taken after the death of William Ambrose, made in February 1637, in which he is named as "my cousin Jirehiah Aspinall," Some years later his name appears in the Royalist Composition Papers, in the case of James Stanley, Earl of Derby, in connection with a contract by Wm. Aspinwall, gentleman, to purchase a fee farm rent of 3 pounds, 2s, 10d. out of a tenement in the Manor of Trayles, in the occupancy of Jerehiah Aspinwall, late parcel of James late Earl of Derby (24 December 1652). He was a Commissioner for Lancashire (1) under various Asssessment Acts to raise monies for the maintenance of the army between 1649 and 1657; (2) for the Church and Parochial Surveys of Lancashire made between 1649 and 1655; and (3) under the "Ordinance for ejecting Scandalous, Ignorant, and Insufficient Ministers and Schoolmasters of 1654." His curious name mis-spelt in almost every conceivable way possible, is frequently met with in connection with the records of these Commissions. His signature also appears in the Croston parish registers as officiating at a marriage, under the Act of Parliament of 1653, which enacted that marriages should take place before a magistrate: "1656. These are to certifie . .. that James Cuten...and Jane Tomlinson...came before me Jerehjah Aspinall one of the Justices of the peace within the said Countie and did contract matrimony together according to the late act in that case made and p'vided. Witness my hand and seal the 8th day of May 1656, Jerehjah Aspanall." Mention has just been made of the will of William Ambrose. There are three wills of this period which throw light upon the relationship which existed between the Aspinwall family and the Ambrose and Fletcher families. Abstrcts of the wills have been printed in Waters' Genealogical Gleanings. and from these we shall select such portions as are helpful to our subject:--


William Ambrose, Clerk of Stepney, Middx. 10 Feb. 1637. Proved 18 June 1638. To my cousin Timothy Aspinwall, Perkins two volumes now in my study and twenty shillings. To my wife's sister Margaret Bouch three pounds. To the children of my uncle Thomas Aspinwall, Samuel, Peter, Elizabeth, Thomas, and the rest, I give five pounds...And to Peter Aspinwall I give the money I formerly lent to him. To my cousin Thomas Aspinwall I give the money I formely lent to him. To my cousin Thomas Aspinwall (certain household stuff) and five brother Peter Ambrose"... "my wife Cicely Ambrose"... To my cousin Jirhiah Aspinall a twenty shilling piece. Thomas Aspinwall a witness. (Lee 79) Peter Ambrose, of Toxteth, Lancs. gent., 22 Decr. 1653, Proved 10 Jan. 1653. To Ellen, late wife of Richard Dicconson of Eccleston, daughter of Peter Aspinwall, late of Ormeskirke, ten shillings.

James Fletcher, Citizen and Haberdasher of London, of par. of St. Lawrence in the Old Jewry, being very aged, etc. 13 Jan. 1654. Proved 22 May 1656. To my sister Alice Fletcher of Ormskirk...I give and bequeath unto my nephew William   Aspinwall minister of Gods work in Lancashire two hundred pounds. Whereas I have heretofore disbursed and paid several sums of money for my nephew Thomas Aspinall and he now oweth me by bond or otherwise two hundred and fifty pounds, I do freely forgive the paid debt etc. Certain adventures in Ireland to my nephew Richard Aspinall. Fifty pounds each to the four daughters of my loving sister Elizabeth Aspinall late decesase..The grandchildren of my late sister Elizabeth Aspinall. My cousin William Aspinall's children. My kinsman Thomas Aspinall of Chester now oweth me by bonds one hundred pounds, whereof I give fifty pounds to James Aspinall son to the said Thomas by his now wife (at 21). I give and bequeath unto my living nephew William Aspinall, minister of Gods word in Lancashire, for and during the term of his naural life, and after his decease to Peter Aspinall, eldest son of the said William, and to the heirs male of his body, etc. remainder to my nephew Thomas Aspinall of Chester, etc., then to the right heirs of the said William Aspinall forever. My two kinsmen Thomas and Samuel Aspinall sons of my nephew Thomas Aspinall of Chester (under 24).

The Ormskirk registers contain a number of entries which go to confirm these wills; two from amongst the marriages are: "Ellis Ambrose & Eliz. Aspinwall, 29 Auguste 1587." "Peter Aspinwall & Elizabeth Fletcher, 18 Februarie 1595." An Ellis Ambrose who was "late Vicar of Ormskirk" was buried in 1572, and the name occurs twice again amongst the burials, in 1572 and 1609.

Timothy Aspinwall was at Brasenose, for his name also is found in the List of Mattriculations already quoted. His will, made in January 1643 and proved in May 1645, describes him as "Lecturer at St. Michaels in Coventry." The only person named in it, with the exception of a general mention of "any of my brothers," is of "my dearly beloved wife Katherine Aspinwall, who by her carriage, goodness and unwaried pains about me in such a long and tedious sickness hath deserved much more at my hands than I can give her." An Order in Council, dated 3 March 1653-4, tells us that payment of 271 pounds 12 s. was authorized to be paid to Katherine relict of Timothy Aspinwall, late minister of Coventry, as due to her late husband on account of his charges and arrears as chaplain to Col. Burke's regiment.

Our next record is one of a different character. In Gregson's Portfolio of Fragments there is given the genealogy of John Blackburne, Esq. of Oxford and Hale, and we find that a component part of it is a pedigree of several generations of the Aspinwall family: --

Edward Aspinwall of Aspinwall near Ormskirk, in the County Palatine of Lancaster.= Eleanor, eldest surviving daughter of John Ireland, sister and coheir of Sir Gilbert Ireland, Knt. born 1622.

Gilbert Aspinwall of Hale aforesaid, son and heir, died 1717=Bushell of Liverpool Had issue, one son and one daughter, both died s.p.

Edward Aspinwall of Hale aforesaid, son and heir buried the 22 August 1719 = Mary Gardner of London, buried the 17 March 1711 Ireland Aspinwall of Hale, baptized 10 March 1703, died unmarried 2nd June 1733, and buried at Hale

Mary Aspinwall the only daughter heir to her brother died 31, May 1738 aged 41 =Isaac Green, Esq. of Childwall, co. Pal. Of Lancaster died 5 July 1749, aged 71. Lord of Childwall and Hale.

COAT OF ARMS: per pale Gules and Az., two bards dancette Erminois. (This is the correct blason as given in the books of the College of Arms. Gregson gives Paly Guies and Az, over all a fees dancette Erminois, which does not accord and which is quite wrong).

Edward Aspinwall -- one who heads the above pedigree -- was, according to the Rev. B.Nightingale, son of the Edward who died in 1633, though he is not mentioned in the latter's will as contained in the I.P.M. printed above. A carefull examination of the data available seems rather to denote that he was the son of Jirehiah and the grandson of Edward the elder. But as no evidence has been found to settle this point Mr. Nightingale's statement has accepted and embodied in the pedigree. (No. 2) given below. The statement appears in an account of the ancient chapel of Toxteth Park, "in that neighborhood, and says: "Eward Aspinwall, one of the most considerable landowners in the neighborhood, whose son married the sister of Sir Gilbert Ireland of Hale, is described by Dr. Halley as 'the intimate friend of the sainted Mrs. Brettargh' etc...Mr. Aspinwall was interred in Toxteth Chapel, with whose foundation he had so much to do; and in the main aisle is the stone covering the vault, on which is a brass platte this inscribed: Edward Aspinwall, of Tocksteth Park, Esquire. Departed this life in March, the Twenty-ninth A.D. 1656.'" In the main portion of his account Mr. Nightingale is speaking of Edward Aspinwall the elder, but the inscription on the brass plate relates to Edward the younger.

The marriage of Edward Aspinwall with Eleanor, the sister of Sir Gilbert Ireland, is noticed by several writers, and would seem to have taken place about 1630-40. In addition to the record in Gregson's pedigree, it is noted in Dugdale's "Visitation of Lancashire." 1664-5, in the pedigree of Ireland of Hutt, and Baines has the following note in his account of Aughton parish: Aspinwall, or as it is here called Aspall Lane, was the paternal inheritance of Edward Aspinwall, esq., on whose marriage with Eleanor, daughter and heiress of John and co-heiress of Sir Gilbert Ireland, the family removed to Hale." On the 27th of Sept. 1650, Major Edward Aspinwall was added to the Militia Commissioners for Lancashire: "Lancaster-- F Troop. Liet. Col. Edward Aspinwall. Major --John Fox. Capt.--Croft, Under Ireland."

On the 10th September 1651 an Order of the Committee for compounding "that Edward Aspinwall be a Commissioner for Co. Lancaster" was made, and on the same date a letter was sent him requesting his accptance of the employment. His reply is given: "October 7th, Warrington. Edward Aspinwall to the Committee for Compounding, I gladly embrace your commission to be one of the Committee for Co. Lancaster and have been to a meeting at Preston, where the other Commissioners cheerfully accepted me. I will show fidelity in the public business."

A letter dated the 11th July 1653 from Lawrence Owen, Rushin Castle, to Lieut. Col. Aspinwall, Toxteth Park, has reference to the Earl of Derby." The parish registers of the church at Walton-on-the-Hill contain the record of a marriage on the 2nd of May 1654, which took place before him as magistrate acting under the Act already mentioned. They also contain records of the christening of two of his children, and reveal a flaw in Gregson's pedigree: "Toxteth, Eleanor, d. of Edward Aspinwall, 6, March 1655." His death took place two years before that of Cromwell, and four years before the Restoration. His burial is duly recorded in the same registers: "Toxteth, Edward Aspinwall, Esq. 1 April 1656."

A number of records have been found which both correct and amplify Gregson's pedigree. Several of them relate to Edward Aspinwall's family, which consisted of two sons and two daughters, and perhaps other children. The Gray's Inn admission Register (1521-1887) shows he had a son Edward: 1666, Decr. 18. Edward Aspinwall second son of Edward Aspinwall, late of Toxteth Park, Lanc. Esq., deceased." The marriage of his daughter Mary is recorded in the registers of St. Nichols Church, Liverpool; "Thomas Bramhall of Maxfild and Mary Aspinwall of Livrpool by Lycence dat. 18th inst. 20 November 1681."

The Exchequer Depositions (1558-1702) from which the following extract, dated the 35th year of Charles II (1683), is taken give us further information: "John Crowther and his wife Ellenor, Thomas Bramhall, doctor in physicke and his wife Mary, versus Henry Leigh, Richard Leigh, John Case, and Thomas Cooke. Lease of a capital house situate in Little Wooten (Lancaster) commonly called Lee or Ormes. Tenement with lands belonging made by Sir Gilbert Ireland late of Hutt (Lnac.) Lancaster (late father of plaintiffs Elinor and Mary) and the last will and testment of Dame Margaret Ireland aforesaid, widow of Sir Gilbert Ireland," etc.

Gilbet Aspinwall succeeded to Hale in 1675, upon the death of Sir Gilbert Ireland.The following notes add to the information given in Gregson's pedigree regarding him: Marriage Licences issued by the Vicar General to the Archbishop of Canterburyl 1660-1679; 1672, May 9. Gikbert Aspinwall of the Inner Temple Esq., Bach., about 25, and Mrs. Mary Bushell of Hackney, Midx., Spr., about 18: consent of father Edward Bushell of Hackney, Merchant: at Hackney or St. Leonard's Shoreditch."

The registers of that fine old church. St. Helen's. Bishopgate contain records of the baptism and burial of their first child:"Baptism 1674, Dec. 5. Elizabeth, d. of Gilbert Aspinwall, esq., and Mary his wife." Burial, 1675, Sept. 13. Elizabeth Aspinall, Mr. Bushell Grandchild, in the church in the South, He under the stone with brass plate aboute it."

Edward Aspinwall was the next in succession. The registers of St. Nicholas Church Liverpool, record that he was christened there, in 1676. Edward, s. of Gilbert Aspinwall of ye Parke, Esquire, 1 Aug. 1676." Edward Aspinwall and Mary his wife made a settlement of the manors of Hale and Hutt in 1698.

Ireland Aspinwall was admitted to St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1721. His life was not a long one, he died in 1733. His will is preserved at Chester. He was the last of his name to own Hale Hall, which passed first into the Green family through the marriage of his sister to Isaac Green, and afterwards to the Blackburne family. There is an interesting little volume entitled Hale Hall, written by Harriet E. Blackburne,  and published in 1881; and a good description of the place, with some capital views, is given in the Victoria History of Lancashire.

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