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Eastern Cherokee Records

For more detailed information about the Eastern Cherokee related records see the BIA Inventory(DC), entries 217-219 and 589-603


Records of the Cherokee Indian Agency in Tennessee, 1801-1835
M208. 14 rolls. DP.

RollDescription
1Correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1801-2
2Correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1803-4
3Correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1805-7
4Correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1808-9
5Correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1810-12
6Correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1813-15
7Correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1816-18
8Correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1819-20
9Correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1821-23
10Agency letter books, Dec. 30, 1822-Dec. 27, 1827, and Feb. 6, 1832-Dec. 2, 1835
11Fiscal records, 1801-20, comprising
(1) copies of accounts, receipts, and disbursements, 1801-20;
(2) Cherokee journals, 1801-11
12Fiscal records, 1801-34, comprising Cherokee day books
13Fiscal records, 1801-17, comprising
(1) receipt book, 1801-2; (2) journal and account book, 1801-17;
(3) ledger, 1801-9; and (4) a passbook, 1801-4
14Records of the Agent for the Department of War in Tennessee, 1800-1815;
and records of Joseph McMinn, Agent for Cherokee Removal, 1817-21



Selected Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs Relating to the Cherokees of North Carolina, 1851-1905
M1059. 7 rolls. DP.

This microfilm publication reproduces selected letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1851-1905, relating to the Cherokee of North Carolina, the establishment of their reserves, and related litigation. This file reflects the office's somewhat sporadic involve­ment in matters concerning the North Carolina Cherokee. For this reason, for some years, the file contains few or no records.

The office used two filing systems to arrange the records repro­duced here. Letters received during 1851-75 are arranged by year, thereunder alphabetically by the correspondent's surname or the name of the organization, and thereunder numerically by register number. Letters received after 1875 are arranged by year, thereun­der alphabetically by the writer's sumame or by subject, and there­under chronologically by the date received.

RollDates
11851 and 1853-56
21857, 1859, 1868-69, 1872-75,
and 1881-83 3 1884-85



U.S. Court of Claims
(Record Group 123)

The U.S. Court of Claims was established by an act of February 24, 1855 (10 Stat. 612), to hear claims against the United States including those referred to the court by Congress. An act approved July 1, 1902 (32 Stat. 728), gave the Court of Claims jurisdiction over any claim arising under treaty stipulations that the Cherokee Tribe, or any band thereof, might have against the United States. Within 2 years after the act was approved, three suits were brought before the court concerning grievances arising out of the treaties: (1) The Cherokee Nation v. The United States, General Jurisdiction Case No. 23199; (2) The Eastern and Emigrant Cherokees v. The United States, General Jurisdiction Case No. 23212; and (3) The Eastern Cherokees v. The United States, General Jurisdiction Case No. 23214.

On May 18, 1905, the court decided in favor of the Eastern Cherokee and instructed the Secretary of the Interior to identify the persons entitled to participate in the distribution of funds for payment of the claims. On June 30, 1906, Congress appropriated more than $1 million for this purpose. Guion Miller, special agent of the Interior Department, began compiling a roll of all Eastern and Western Cherokee Indians who were alive on May 28, 1906, and could establish that at the time of the treaties they were members or descendants of members of the Eastern Cherokee. They also had to prove that they had not been affiliated with any tribe of Indians other than the Eastern Cherokee or the Cherokee Nation. In his report of May 28, 1909, Miller stated that 45,847 separate applications had been filed, representing a total of about 90,000 individual claimants, 30,254 of whom were entitled to share in the fund.




Eastern Cherokee Applications of the U.S. Court of Claims, 1906-1909.
M1104. 348 rolls. DP.

The applications required each claimant to state full English and Indian names, residence, age, place of birth, name of husband or wife, name of tribe, and names of children. It also required information on the claimant's parents, grandparents, brothers, sisters, uncles, and aunts. The index to the applications is arranged alphabetically by name (either English or Indian) of claimant.


RollApplication number
11-145 (index)
2146-136
3137-224
4225-331
5332-420
6421-514
7515-596
8597-681
9682-778
10779-859
11860-964
12965-1082
131083-1175
141176-1267
151268-1362
161363-1455
171456-1545
181546-1642
191643-1735
201736-1820
211821-1910
221911-2001
232002-2113
242114-2229
252230-2339
262340-2432
272433-2534
282535-2637
292638-2743
302744-2841
312842-2947
322948-3049
333050-3147
343148-3250
353251-3342
363343-3442
373443-3540
383541-3647
393648-3747
403748-3847
413848-3949
423950-4057
434058-4157
444158-4228
454229-4327
464328-4426
474427-4555
484556-4661
494662-4771
504772-4879
514880-4984
524985-5089
535090-5189
545190-5289
555290-5394
565395-5492
575493-5591
585592-5690
595691-5769
605790-5889
615890-5989
625990-6089
636090-6189
646190-6289
656290-6391
666392-6481
676482-6580
686581-6683
696684-6787
706788-6888
716889-6991
726992-7091
737092-7202
747203-7302
757303-7403
767404-7504
777505-7604
787605-7704
797705-7804
807805-7904
817905-8006
828007-8115
838116-8216
848217-8316
858317-8416
868417-8516
878517-8617
RollApplication number
888618-8720
898721-8818
908819-8918
918919-9019
929020-9119
939120-9219
949220-9317
959318-9416
969417-9515
979516-9615
989616-9715
999716-9815
1009816-9900
1019901-10000
10210001-10100
10310101-10200
10410201-10300
10510301-10400
10810401-10500
10710501-10600
10810601-10700
10910701-10800
11010801-10900
11110901-11000
11211001-11100
11311101-11200
11411201-11300
11511301-11400
11611401-11500
11711501-11600
11611601-11700
11911701-11806
12011807-11900
12111901-12000
12212001-12100
12312101-12200
12412201-12350
12512351-12500
12612501-12650
12712651-12800
12812801-12950
12912951-13100
13013101-13250
13113251-13400
13213401-13550
13313551-13700
13413701-13850
13513851-14000
13614001-14150
13714151-14300
13814301-14450
13914451-14600
14014601-14750
14114751-14900
14214901-15050
14315051-15200
14415201-15350
14515351-15500
14615501-15650
14715651-15800
14815801-15950
14915951-16100
15016101-16250
15116251-16400
15216401-16550
15316551-16700
15416701-16850
15516851-17000
15617001-17150
15717151-17300
15817301-17450
15917451-17600
16017601-17750
16117751-17900
16217901-18050
16318051-18200
18418201-18350
16518351-18500
16618501-18650
16718651-18800
16818801-18950
16918951-19100
17019101-19250
17119251-19400
17219401-19550
17319551-19700
17419701-19850
RollApplication number
17519851-20000
17620001-20150.5
17720151-20300
17820301-20450
17920451-20600
18020601-20750
18120751-20900
18220901-21050
18321051-21200
18421201-21350
18521351-21500
18621501-21650
18721651-21800
18821601-21950
18921951-22100
19022101-22250
19122251-22400
19222401-22550
19322551-22700
19422701-22850
19522851-23000
19623001-23150
19723151-23300
19823301-23450
19923451-23600
20023601-23750
20123751-23900
20223901-24050
20324051-24200
20424201-24350
20524351-24500
20624501-24650
20724651-24800
20824801-24950
20924951-25100
21025101-25250
21125251-25400
21225401-25550
21325551-25700
21425701-25850
21525851-26000
21626001-26150
21726151-26300
21826301-26450
21926451-26600
2202660l-26750
22126751-26900
22226901-27050
22327051-27200
22427201-27350
22527351-27500
22627501-27650
22727651-27800
22827801-27950
22927951-28100
23028101-28250
23128251-28400
23228401-28550
23328551-28700
23428701-28850
23528851-29000
23629001-29150
23729151-29300
23829301-29450
23929451-29600
24029601-29750
24129751-29900
24229901-30050
24330051-30200
24430201-30350
24530351-30500
24630501-30650
24730651-30800
24830801-30950
24930951-31100
25031101-31250
25131251-31400
25231401-31550
25331551-31700
25431701-31850
25531851-32000
25632001-32150
25732151-32300
25832301-32450
25932451-32600
26032601-32750
26132751-32960
RollApplication number
26232901-33050
26333051-33200
26433201-33350
26533351-33500
26633501-33650
26733651-33800
26833801-33950
26933951-34100
27034101-34250
27134251-34400
27234401-34550
27334551-34700
27434701-34850
27534851-35000
27635001-35150
27735151-35300
27835301-35450
27935451-35600
28035601-35750
28135751-35900
28235901-36050
28336051-36200
28436201-36350
28536351-36500
28636501-36650
28736651-36800
2883680l-36950
28936951-37100
29037101-37250
29137251-37400
29237401-37550
29337551-37700
29437701-37850
29537851-38000
29638001-38150
29738151-38300
29838301-38450
29938451-38600
30038601-38750
30138751-38900
30238901-39050
30339051-39200
30439201-39350
30539351-39500
30639501-39650
30739651-39800
30839801-39950
30939951-40100
31040101-40250
31140251-40400
31240401-40550
31340551-40700
31440701-40850
31540851-41000
31641001-41150
31741151-41300
31841301-41450
31941451-41600
32041601-41750
32141751-41900
32241901-42050
32342051-42200
32442201-42350
32542351-42500
32642501-42650
32742651-42800
32842801-42950
32942951-43100
33043101-43250
33143251-43400
33243401-43550
33343551-43700
33443701-43850
33543851-44000
33644001-44150
33744151-44300
33844301-44450
33944451-44600
34044601-44750
34144751-44900
34244901-45050
34345051-45200
34445201-45350
34545351-45500
34645501-45650
34745651-45750
34845751-45857



Records Relating to Enrollment of the Eastern Cherokee by Guion Miller, 1908-1910. M685. 12 rolls. DP.

This publication includes Guion Miller's report and his supplemental report as well as the roll of Eastern Cherokee. In certifying the eligibility of the Cherokee, Miller used earlier census lists and rolls that had been made of the Cherokee between 1835 and 1884. Copies of the Chapman, Drennen, and Old Settler rolls of 1851 and the Hester roll of 1884, with the appropriate indexes, are reproduced as the final roll of this publication.

RollContents
1General Index to Eastern Cherokee Applications, vols. 1 and 2
Report submitted by Guion Miller, Special Commissioner, May 28, 1909:
2Vols. 1 and 2, applications 1-6000
3Vols. 3 and 4, applications 6001-16000
4Vols. 5-7, applications 16001-31000
5Vols. 8-10, applications 31001-45857
6Roll of Eastern Cherokee, May 28, 1909, and report on exceptions, with supplemental roll, Jan. 5, 1910.
Miscellaneous testimony taken before special commissioners, Feb. 1908-Mar. 1909:
7Vols. 1 and 2
8Vols. 3 and 4
9Vols. 5 and 6
10Vols. 7 and 8
11Vols. 9 and 10
12Indexes and rolls of Eastern Cherokee Indians, 1850, 1851, and 1884, and miscellaneous notes and drafts