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[M234, roll 222, frames 108-116]


Creek Agency
June 30th 1829

Sir

A few weeks since the Chiefs complained to me that a number of white families had come into the Creek Country, some of which had taken forcible posession of Indian houses and fields, and others more modest had take posession of places abandoned by emigrants, and requested me to cause them to be removed.  Believing it to be my duty as far as in my power to have the intruders removed;  I called on the commanding officer of this post for a small command to accompany a party of Indian Warriors to perform that duty, having been instructed by a former administration to use an Indian force for such purposes.  In compliance with my request Major Wag-- ordered Lieut. Allston to take two men and report himself to me for instructions.  I gave him instructions and the duty was performed.  I enclose herewith the Lieut's report to me of his proceedings.  If it is not the pleasure of the department to have intruders removed from the Creek Country please instruct me to that effect.

It will be difficult, if not impracticable, in the absence of a military force to keep off intruders, and those of the most abandoned character are most troublesome.

If the places abandoned by Creeks who have emigrated, could be rented to White persons who could produce satisfactory evidence of a good moral character it might keep off bad men, and operate advantageously to the cause of emigration.

I have the honor to
be your Obt Servant
J. M. Crowell
Agt for I. A.

To
The Honb.
Jno. H. Eaton
Secretary of War
Washington City

 


Fort Mitchell
28 June 1829

Sir

I have the honor to report to you, that in compliance with instructions secured from you and in obedience to orders from the Commanding officer at this Post, I proceeded to remove such intruders as I might find settled on the Indian lands, without the requisite permission of the Indian Agent, accordingly I left this Post on the 17th Inst. accompanied by the U. S. Interpreter and a Corporal and Private from this command, and proceeded to the residence of Tuskenehaw one of the Head Chiefs of the Upper Towns within whose limits the intruders had settled.  I delivered to him a letter from you requesting the cooperation of the Indians and instructing him to place them exclusively under my directions; on receiving the letter he informed me that the Indians were assembled awaiting my arrival at the Town of Wee gof ka, in the vicinity of which the White people resided, and also informed me that they had received instructions to place themselves under my orders, he also furnished me with a guide.

On the 21st Inst. I arrived at the Town of Wee gof ka and met the Indians in Council the same evening, explained to them the instructions I had received from you, and received from them assurances that they would implicitly obey me, and that no violence should be offered to the persons, nor should the property be injured of those, I should cause to be removed.

On the next morning I proceeded to execute the duties assigned me and accompanied by about one hundred and thirty warriors nearly all of them unarmed.  On approaching the Coosa River and ranging from 5 to 9 miles from the Indian boundary I discovered the White persons and their families whose names are enclosed, amounting in all to ten families; they they had none of them (with but one exception whose case has already been detailed) any license or permission from you to settle on these Indians lands, but appeared principally to have settled in the Country under the pretext of having received verbal assurance from Capt. Walker & a Mr. Conner acting under Capt. Walker's directions, that they would not be molested or hindered from occupying the Houses and Plantations, quietly by the Emigrants; some of them also pretending to have purchased the growing corn from the Indians who had emigrated and also to have paid them for their Houses & -, but to the ---- of my belief, and as far as I was able to ascertain these pretended purchasers none wholy supported by any kind of proof whatsoever.

I am sorry to say that many of the White persons removed by me, men of notoriously bad and infamous character and that in many instances some of which I have already detailed.  Indians have been forcibly rejected from their Houses and deprived of their plantations and crops.

Pursuant to your instructions I gave the settlers above alluded to notice to quit the Indian Country immediately, allowing them ample time to remove their stock,  -------, and offering not the slightest violence to their persons or property.

It may not be a miss to inform you that most of the persons removed originally resided at a place ---- Fort Williams, or General Jackson's reserve, only a few miles from the Indian Plantations above mentioned.

After staying a day in the vicinity and witnessing the commencement of the removal, I dismissed the warriors who had accompanied me to their respective homes, they previously designating suitable persons or the former inhabitants, to occupy the Plantations quitted by the White people.

In conclusion, it gives me good pleasure to state that the Indians placed under my command conducted themselves with the utmost regularity, forbearance toward the intruders, and committed not the slightest depredations.

I have the [honor] to be sir
with much respect
Your obt. Servant
S. R. Allston
Lt. 4th Infantry

To
Col. Jno. Crowell
Indian Agent
Creek Agency


List of White persons found settled in the Creek Nation without the license or permission of the Indian Agent.

1. James Spaggins or Spraggins and family
2. Obadiah T--nior or Trimble and family
3. John Kenzon
4. Stephen Shelton
5. John and Saml. McKee
6. B. R. Watkins
7. William Wilson
8. George W. Bonner and family
9. ___ Camron and family
10. Daniel Welsh and family
11. James B. Reid and family

Signed S. R. Allston
Lt. 4th Infantry

Fort Mitchell
June 30th 1829