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Thomas Barnum His Ancestors and Descendants

vol.1:1 Apr 1998

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Family of

Thomas BARNUM or BARNHAM

and Hannah HURD

1. Thomas1 Barnum or Barnham, born 1625 of Hollingbourne, Kent, England; died 26 Dec 1695 in Danbury, Fairfield, Connecticut. He married (1) in 1660 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut, Hannah Hurd, of Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut, died 1683 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut. He married (2) in 1684 of Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, Sarah Thompson, born abt. 1642 in Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut; died 24 Jan 1717/18 in Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut. Probate.

Notes for Thomas BARNUM OR BARNHAM

HISTORY: A History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport, Connecticut; by Rev. Samuel Orcutt; FHL Book 974.69 H20 vol.1

Thomas Barnum was one of the first eight settlers of the town of Danbury, Conn. The seven others were: Thomas Taylor, Francis Bushnell, John Hoyt, James Benedict, Samuel Benedict, James Beebe and Judah Gregory. they purchased the land from the Indians and commenced the preparations for settlement in the year 1684, and all made their residences there in the spring of 1685. "As far as known the first land record of this early Connecticut settler is on a Fairfield town book as follows: "25 Feb 1673. Thomas Barnum hath by purchase of John Crump one eparcel of land at Maximus, being in quantity by estimation three quarters of an acre more or less." "Four of his children are recorded in Fairfield thus: Thomas, born July 9, 1663; John, born February 24, 1677; Hannah, born October 4, 1680; Ebenezer, born May 29, 1682. "The next record is in Norwalk: "Granted by the plantation unto Thos: Barnam a certaine swampe lyinge neere the west side of Stonie brooke and not far of Soabatucke hill, the sayed swampe containing five acres more or lesse and lyeth bounded of west north and south with the common land. Aprill the 30th, 1675" "Another record of Norwalk at the same time says the plantation granted to Thomas Barnum--"three acres lying by the Land said Thomas purchased of John Rayment." Therefore he had previously become possessed of land there which had not been recorded, or if so the records are not to be found. Also the precise entry made in Fairfield of Thomas Barnum's four children is made in Norwalk.Hall's history of Norwalk says: "Thomas Barnam, of Fairfield, had a grant [of land] before 1663." The same history gives the assessment of Mr. Barnam's estate in lands in that town, in 1671 and 1687, as 40 pounds. At the town meeting in Norwalk, Nov. 8, 1681, he was "appointed to oversee the youth in times of exercise on the Sabbath and other public meetings." "The name is spelled in Fairfield and Norwalk "Barnam," but it may have been originally Burnham, or Burnam, all three of which are English names. There was a Thomas Barnam in Springfield, Mass., in 1651, according to Savage's Genealogical Dictionary. Tradition, however, says Thomas Barnam of Norwalk, came first to New York and afterwards to Norwalk. "He married as second wife, Sarah, Widow of John Hurd, Sen. of Stratford. Her husband, John Hurd, died in 1681. She was the daughter of John Thompson, the first of that name in Stratford. "Thomas Barnum, Sen. died in Danbury, December 26, 1695, about 70 years of age, leaving no will. His estate, amounting to 330 pounds, 4s., 4d., was divided among five sons and five daughters, the eldest son to have a double portion."

HISTORY: Commemorative Biographical Record of Fairfield County; pub. by J. H. Beers and Co., Chicago; 1899.

The name Barnum was originally Barnham, meaning "field of the barn," and our first Barnum ancestor was Thomas Barnum, who afterward spelled his name Barnam, and, still later in life Barnum. Born in England about 1625, d. in Danbury, Conn., December 26, 1695, the first of the original eight settlers that died. He is supposed to have come from Danebury, England. We know nothing of his parentage, but suppose he was the son of Sir Richard Barnham, a member of Parliament. (There is no record of a Richard Barnham serving in Parliment, but Sir Francis Barnham, his supposed father did.) The family of Barnham was of good repute and high standing, some of them being members of Parliament, sheriffs, etc. Thomas Barnum, undoubtedly the ancestor of all the Barnums in America, came to this country when quite young, and the first place where he is known to have settled is Springfield, Mass., (then known as Agawam), abt. 1640. Springfield was for a while claimed to be under the jurisdiction of the Connecticut Colony. About 1643 he came to Fairfield, Conn., and removed to Norwalk about 1660, where he was appointed tything man in 1661. He was m. twice, but nothing is known of his first wife. His second wife was Sarah, widow of John Hurd, of Stratford, who after his death returned to Stratfield in Stratford, where she died in 1718, aged seventy-six years. Thomas Barnum had five sons and five daughters. The names of sons in order of their ages were Thomas, Francis, Richard, John and Ebenezer. One of his daughters was Hannah; names of others unknown. The dates of birth can only be given of four of his children. Thomas, b. July 9, 1663; John, Feb. 24, 1667; Hannah, Oct. 29, 1680; Ebenezer, May 29, 1682.
When Danbury was settled in 1684, Thomas Barnum, who had adopted that way of spelling in Norwalk, removed to Danbury and became one of the eight families that settled that town. They settled at the lower or south end of what is now Main street. Thomas Barnum lived a few doors north of what is now South street. Two of his sons, Richard and Francis, afterward represented Danbury in the Colonial Ligislature.

HISTORY: CD 40, 1st Edition -SAVAGE - N.E. SETTLERS, Savage - N.E. Vol 1 Screen 353 of 1388

THOMAS, Norwalk 1662, was bef. that at Fairfield, and after at Danbury, had Thomas, b. 9 July 1663; John, 24 Feb. 1678; Hannah, 14 Oct. 1680; and Ebenezer, 19 May 1682; but six more ch. he had, two s. four ds. yet at N. are no more rec. nor I can find the names of these six, or either of them, or of either of two ws. one of wh. outliv. him, wh. d. 1695.

HISTORY: Immigrants To America Before 1750; An Alphabetical List of Immigrants to the Colonies, before 1750, compiled from official and other records. Edited by Frederick A. Virkus; Surnames A through Bat; Excerpted from The Magazine of American Genealogy; Baltimore Genealogical Publishing Company 1965; FHL Book 973.W2v.

Barnum (Barnham), Thomas (b. Eng., 1625-d. Danbury, Conn., Dec 26, 1695, prob. g. son of Sir Martin, of Hollingbourne Hill, Eng., m. Judith, dau. Sir Martin Calthorpe, Lord Mayor of London); is mentioned by Hall in his history of Norwalk, Conn., where he says: "Thomas Barnam of Fairfield, had a grant before 1663;" and further shows the assessment of Thomas' estate in lands in Norwalk, in 1671 and 1687 as forty pounds; the first record, however, of Thomas Barnum at Fairfield, Conn., reads: "28 Feb., 1673. Tho: Barnum hath by purchase of John Crump one parcel of land at Maximuss, being in quantity by estimation three quarters of an acre more or less;" his next record is at Norwalk, dated Apr 30 1678, and another at the same time says the plantation granted to Thomas Barnum was "three acres lying by the land said Thomas purchased of John Ragment;" at a town meeting at Norwalk, Nov 8 1681, he was "appointed for to oversee and to keep good Decorum amongst the youth in times of exercise on the Sabbath and other Publique meetings," etc; removed to Danbury, Conn., where he was one of the first eight settlers of the town, who purchased the land from the Indians and commenced the preparation for settlement in 1684, and all were living there in the spring of 1685; his widow, Sarah, returned to Stratford; m. 1st, _______; m. 2d, Sarah (Thompson) Hurd (b. abt. 1642-d. Stratford, Conn., June 1718), dau. of John Thompson and widow of John Hurd (d. 1681), both of Stratford; issue; 1-Thomas (b. Norwalk, July 9 1663-d. Dec 17, 1730), settled at Danbury; m. Sarah, dau. of Samuel Beardsley, of Stratfield Society; 4 daus. and 4 sons, of whom Ephraim was the ancestor of Phineas Taylor Barnum, the great showman; 2-Francis (b. Norwalk, 1671-d.Danbury, bet. 1736-1740), settled at Danbury; rep. Col. Legislature; m. 1st, Dorothy (b. Dec 28, 1679), dau. of John and Mary (Lindall) Hoyt; m. 2d, Mary_______; had at lest 6 sons and 1 dau. 3-Richard (b. 1675__will made Jan 14, 1739/40, proved Mar 19, 1744/45), settled at Danbury; mem. Colonial Legislature; his will was made at Stamford, Conn; m. Marcy Hurd; had at least 6 sons; 4-John (b. Norwalk, Feb 24, 1677/78), settled at Danbury; 5-Hannah (b. Norwlk, Oct 4 or 14, 1680); 6-Ebenezer (b. May 19 or 29, 1682), m. and had several children; 7-8-9-10-daus. (see A36- A317- B382- C798- C1126a- C1127c- C1127m- E378- G164- G190- LAG45- N140a- N206d- S192).

VISITATION: Not in 1619 visitation of co. Kent, England

PROBATE: 1696 #359 FHL Film #1018731

To the Honorable Cort of Probate to be holden att Fairfield

Thes maye signisie unto yore honnours that we whose names are under written, namely James Beebe and Josiah Starr beeing appoynted by the Honble County Cort held at ffairefeld March ye 10=1695/6 to mack at distribushon of the estete of Thomas Barnam Decesed: Wee according to the best of our skills and judgment did in ye said month of March on the afforesaid 1695/6 mack ye following distrebushion of the said estete

To ye eldest son Thomas Barnam hee offering to tack ye with a single sheere and at halfe provided hee might have his choyce of from perticulers which accordingly we set out to him thirty pounds vallue of ye homsted and twenty one pounds vallue of ye moveables which in all made 51-0-0

To ye second son ffrances barnam by name Wee set out the rest of the homested being vallued at 65 pounds and a comondall of land purchesed for him by his father before his deth vallued at ffive pounds: and 7-11-6 of ye moveables hee giveing _________ to paye to his younger sisterswhen ye come of ye age of twentyone or at maridg what hee had received more then his proportion which proportion was 34 pounds ye whole that hee receved was 99-11-1

To ye third son Richard barnam by name we set out a __________-lot of upland vallued at five pounds A second divition of meadow vallued att seven pounds and moveables to the vallue of 22 pounds so that hee had in all to the vallue of 34-0-0

To ye fifth (should be fourth) son Ebenezer barnam by name we set forth it Mill Lot so called vallued at 4 pounds a third divition of meddows vallued at five pounds a little loot vallued at tow pounds the one half of ye land at Shellter Rock vallued at nine pounds the Townehill Lot vallued at six pounds; The halfe of the Cotfeld _____ vallued at five pounds ye six acre divition of land three pounds 10 shillings- so that the whole of what hee receved was 34-10-0

Too John barnam the ffifth son wee set out the firt division of meddow vallued at three pounds 10 shillings ye forth divition of meddow vallued at 3 pounds 10 shillings ye swamp lot vallued att five pounds: then one half of ye land at Shellter rock valld at nine pounds the land on Shellter rock hill valld at six pounds the halfe of the Cotfeeld valld att 5 pounds ye half of the baran plain lot and the half of the six acre divition vallued at three pounds and ten shillings-so that the whole of what hee received was 34-10-0
To Sarah picket the wife of Thomas picket the eldest daughter wee set out In moveables of many particulers in all to the vallue of 34-0-0

To ye second daughter Esther Abbit the wife of John Abbit we set forth in moveables in many particulers and many due ye estete in all to the vallue of 34-0-0

To ye third daughter Hannah barnam wee set out moveables in many particulers and depts due to the estete in all to the vallue of 34-0-0

To ye forth daughter Wee set out Ruth barnam by name-in moveables in many particulers and depts due to the estete in all to the value of 34-0-0

To ye fifth daughter Abigall barnam by name wee set out in movabels and depts due to ye estete in all to the value of 34-0-0

Signed James beebe Joseph starr Distributers

Know all men by these presents that I Sarah Barnum of Stratford in the county of fairfield and Coloney of Connecticut have received of the heirs of my late husband Thomas Barnum of Danbury deceased in full of all accounts due to me by virute of a contract made between my husband Barnum and my self before marriage therefore I doe soe order remit release acquit exonerate & discharge the administrators Heirs and assignes of the above sd Thomas Barnum deceased from all further demands whatsoever upon _________ of any money due to me my Heirs of assigns by virtue of any contract before mentioned in witness wherof I have herewith set my hand in Stratford this fifteenth day of March Anno__ Domino 1702 (date hard to read) Witnesses Ambros Tompson senior and John Tompson her mark Sarah Barnam

Notes for Hannah HURD

She is not the Hannah Hurd born in Boston 20 Sep 1640. According to the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Hannah of Boston married John Cowell of Boston and had issue.

Notes for Sarah THOMPSON

DEATH: Connecticut Vital Records Index, Barbour Collection FHL Film #002891 Stratford vital records; vol.LR2, p.485a Widow, formerly w. of John Hurd, Sr.

Children of Thomas BARNUM OR BARNHAM and Hannah HURD were as follows:

2.  i  Thomas2 Barnum, born 9 Jul 1663 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut; died in 1731 in Danbury, Fairfield, Connecticut. He married in 1693, Sarah Beardsley, born 1666 in Danbury, Fairfield, Connecticut; died in Danbury, Fairfield, Connecticut. Birth:Connecticut Vital Records Index, Barbour Collection FHL Film #002891; Norwalk vital records; vol.LR1, p.137 Will made 17 Dec 1730, proved 27 Dec 1731
3.  ii  Francis2 Barnum born abt. 1665 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut; died 20 May 1736/40 in Danbury, Fairfield, Connecticut. He married in 1709, Deborah Haite or Hoyt of Danbury, born 28 Dec 1679 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut; daughter of John Hoyt and Mary Lindall. Married (2) Mary______. A conveyance was given by him to his sons and on 20 May 1741 his widow Mary conveyed to his son Abel her dower interest.
4.  iii  Richard2 Barnum, born abt. 1666 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut; died aft. 14 Jan 1739 of Danbury, Fairfield, Connecticut. He married Mary Hurd, daughter of John Hurd, born 15 Aug 1673 in Stratford. On 1 July 1720, they receipted to bro. Isaac Hurd for her right from her father John. Richard's will is dated 14 Jan 1739, proved 19 Mar 1744/5. Made at Stratford, proved at Danbury.
5.  iv  John2 Barnum, born 24 Feb 1667/68 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut. Birth:Connecticut Vital Records Index, Barbour Collection FHL Film #002891; Norwalk vital records; vol.LR1, p.137
6.  v  Sarah2 Barnum, born 1669 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut. She married (1) abt. 1684 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut, Thomas Pickett christened 19 Nov 1648 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, died 1712 in Danbury, Fairfield, Connecticut. She married (2) Samuel Hayes.
7.  vi  Esther2 Barnum, born 1671 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut. She married in 1685 in , Fairfield, Connecticut, John Abbit, born abt. 1667.
8.  vii  Hannah2 Barnum, born 4 Oct 1680 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut; died aft. 1708. BIRTH: Connecticut Vital Records Index, Barbour Collection FHL Film #002891; Norwalk vital records; vol.LR1, p.137
9.  viii  Ebenezer2 Barnum, born 29 May 1682 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut; died 17 Sep 1755 in Kent, Litchfield, Connecticut. He married abt. 1710, Abigail Skeels, born abt. 1682. Birth & Death:Connecticut Vital Records Index, Barbour Collection FHL Film #002891; Norwalk vital records; vol.LR1, p.137; Kent vital records; vol.LR1, p.14
10.  ix  Ruth2 Barnum, born abt. 1684 of Danbury, Fairfield, Connecticut
11.  x  Abigal2 Barnum, born abt. 1687 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut. She married Nathaniel Stevens, born abt. 1669.

The following have been shown as children of Thomas Barnum, but are questionable.

12.  xi  Elizabeth2 Barnum, born abt. 1681 of Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut. She married Thomas Benedict, born abt. 1673. Not in the distribution of Thomas Barnum's estate
13.  xii  Deborah2 Barnum, born abt. 1688 in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut; Not in the distribution of Thomas Barnum's estate

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Copyright March 30, 1998 by Ann Tappero; All rights reserved