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Abbreviations in Medieval Genealogy

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adm. admitted
ae., aet. aged
aft. after
als. alias
ante before; by
app. or appt. apparently
b. born
bap., bapt., bp. baptized
bef. before
betw. between
bur. buried
ca. about (circa)
Cal. Calendar
cf. compare
cit. the work cited (citato)
Co. or co. county
coh. co-heir
Coll. College
cr. created (as a peer)
d. died
d.c.e. writ of diem clausit extremum ("he closed his last day")
d.s.p. died without issue (sine prole)
d.s.p. legit. died without legitimate issue
d.s.p.m. died without male issue
d.v.p. or v.p. died during father's lifetime (vita patris)
d.y. died young
dau. daughter
dea. deacon
disp. dispensation
div. divorced
dtd. dated
ff. following
fl. flourished or living (only approximate date known)
frm. freeman, a voter in a colony. The date following is the date he was
admitted.
gen(s) generation(s)
gent. gentleman
gr. granted
GS gravestone
h. heir (or heiress)
husb. husband
i. issue
I.p.m.; Inq.p.m. Inquest Post Mortem. An inquest held to determine the deceased's
land holding. Usually dated by "regnal year"; see below.
Ibid. the same
J.P. Justice of the Peace
j.u. jure uxoris, right of the wife
k. killed
K.B. Kight of the Bath
K.G. Knight of the Garter
K.T. Knight of the Thistle (Scotland)
knt.; kt. knight
lic. license
liv. living
loc. cit. place cited
m. married
m. (1);
m. (2)
married first; married second; etc.
M.I. monumental inscription
M.P. Member of Parliament
matric. matriculated (entered and recorded at college or university)
ment. mentioned
Mich. Michaelmas, the Feast of St. Michael (many other dates are given
as Saints feast days, or days before or days after.
ms.; mss. manuscript; manuscripts
N., N.N. name not known
n.i. no issue
N.S. or n.s. new series
nr. near
ob. died
occ. occurs
op.cit. the work cited above (opere citato)
p.; pp. page; pages
P.C. Privy Council
PCC Prerogative Court of Canterbury (probate court)
perh. perhaps
pres. presumed
pro. probated or proved (will)
prob. probably
psh. parish
pub. published
purch. purchased
q.v. quod vide, which see
ref(s) reference(s)
regnal year the date most often used in medieval documents refering to the
number of the year of the reign of the monarch at the time the
document was dated. example; 3 Hen 4 or 3 Hen IV-Third year
of the reign of Henry IV
Rot. Roll; Rolls (rotalus). A term used for many types of old records.
s. son
s.p. without issue (see d.s.p.)
sh. shortly
suc. succeeded
succ. successively
summ. summoned
sou juris in his (or her ) own right
surv. survived
ult. ultimo (last)
unkn. unknown
unm. unmarried
vol. volume
wid. widow
y. young
yr. younger
yr(s) year(s)
yst. youngest

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