The second permanent settlement in this town was made in 1779, on what is now known as the Dockham Farm, South Poland. Many of the early setters of this region belonged to ancient families. John Chipman born in Dorchester England in 1614 immigrated to America in 1650. His grandson Benjamin moved to Poland in 1778. His on Benjamin second came from Thornton, Mass to Poland in 1781 and settled on the farm now owned and occupied by Chester Chipman. The farm has been handed down from father to son during all these 114 years. Daniel Schilinger came to Bakerstown from Falmouth Maine in 1792. He was the son of Jacob Schilinger of East Hamton, Long Island, NY. He was the fourth generation from the Jacob Scilinger who came from Amsterdam Holland and settled in New Amsterdam, now NY in 1653. The venerable William Schillinger grandson of the first Schillinger who settled in this town resides at South Poland and was born in 1806 to whom your historian informs me he is indebted for much valuable information. We regret that by reason of age and infirmities we are deprived of his presence today. Daniel Jackson settled at South Poland at an early date. He built the old Jackson tavern stand in 1795 which remains to this day in its original form, About the time came the Ricker of ancient lineage. Later came Capt. Robert Snell and others. They maintained a school: they sustained public and religious worship; they supported a blacksmith shop and store. The little active community assumed a prosperous and businesslike appearance.
In tracing the history of any community it is well to inquire what were the character and purpose of its early inhabitants. The first settler of this like those of most other inlandtowns of Maine were of hardy industrious New England stock, the best product of men and women perhaps the world has ever seen. Their object in coming here certainly was not for gold for glory.
The Old Spanish explorers who made a conquest of Mexico and Peru were animates by an insane desire to posses the gold of the Montezuma's and the wealth of the Incas. Our fathers most of them were poor men having no earthly possessions but hose they carried with them and claims to the wild land which they were to clear up and cultivate. The purpose then of our fathers in coming here was to clear up farms build up homes for themselves and families the title to which they could possess and transit to their children. To build schools which were to become the common educational home of the community. To build churches were they could worship in a manner dictated by conscience or reason. To cultivate an exalted citizenship. What grander purpose than higher aspirations could actuate a people that desire to build a home for themselves families? It is the love of home and home life that constitutes the citizen and the patriot the strength of poplar government. This was the inspiration of the fathers. It inspired them to act of incredible hardship and sustained them amid distressing privations. The forset disappeared the rocks were gathered into heaps or placed in stone walls, and cultivated fields took the place of the wilderness.