|OHIO & PENNSYLVANIA
The Opening Of A New Frontier
1800 - 1849
is moved from Philadelphia to Washington and The White
House, by an act approved by George Washington (the only
president to not have resided here) is constructed this
Pilcher, son of Shadrach and Sarah (Proctor) is born on
January 4th in Fayette County, Kentucky
25th, Margaret "Peggy" Pilcher marries Hiram
Shaw who is a hatter in Lexington. He later goes
into business with John Lowry under the firm name of
Lowry & Shaw. Their place of business is on
corner of Main and Broadway, then called Main and Cross
street. This firm does not prosper and Hiram dies
leaving his wife and children in destitute circumstances.
part of the Union and the first certificate of admission
to the bar under the new constitution is given to Lewis
Pilcher, son of Shadrach and Sarah (Proctor) Pilcher, is
born in Fayette County, Kentucky. He eventually
marries Miss True, the sister of his brother-in-law,
Granberry True; and has sons Jeptha and John.
Shaw, daughter of Hiram and Margaret (Pilcher), is born
in Fayette County, Kentucky.
cents an acre, amounting to $15 million, the United
States purchases from France, the vast region between the
Mississippi and the Rockies, known as the Louisiana
famous of keelboat captains, Meriwether Lewis, is waiting
half the summer at the head of the Ohio for his boat to
be built. No one in Pittsburgh dreams of his
destination which is kept a secret even from his crew and
he uses a secret correspondence with President Jefferson
as he waits impatiently.
County, Ohio formed from Fairfield and Washington
||On the 31st
of January Nathaniel, the son of Hiram and Margaret
(Pilcher) Shaw is born in Lexington. He marries
fights a duel with Alexander Hamilton at Weehawken, New
Jersey on July 11th in which Hamilton is killed.
Burr flees to Philadelphia and contacts his friend
General James Wilkinson, a U.S. army secretly in the pay
of Spain. The two begin planning an invasion of
Mexico in order to establish an Independent government.
||The Sac and
Fox Indians cede to the United States their lands east of
the Mississippi for an annuity of $1000.
Lucas, son of J.B.C. Lucas removes to St. Louis with his
family, but returns to Pennsylvania later to receive a
classical education at Jefferson College.
18th, Ann T. Shaw, is born, but appears to have died
young. She is the daughter of Margaret Pilcher and
Hiram Shaw listed in Lexington's first directory as:
Shaw, Hiram, Hatter, Main Cross Street (Broadway).
time Kentucky first sends Henry Clay to the United States
Senate, Joshua Pilcher (son of Joshua and Nancy) moves to
Lexington to become an apprentice hatter under his
brother-in-law, Hiram Shaw, whose hatter shop is situated
on the corner of Main and Broadway.
||Lewis Cass, a
burly young frontier lawyer who has just married
Elizabeth Spencer and is reading law in the Marietta
office of Matthew Backus and has been a prosecutor for
Muskingum County, is elected to the Ohio Assembly.
||Eli Moore, a
blacksmith, marries Deborah Updegraph about this time in
Township in Harrison County, Ohio is settled this year.
||Lewis Cass is
tendered a commission as U.S. Marshall by President
Jefferson - a position he will hold for the next few
||Ammi Shaw is
born the 18th of December in Lexington, the son of Hiram
and Margaret (Pilcher) Shaw. He evidently dies at a
the British's attack of the U.S. frigate Chesapeake,
prompted by Thomas Jefferson, congress passes the Embargo
Act in December prohibiting all U.S. ships from sailing
Pilcher, the son of Shadrach and Sarah (Proctor) Pilcher
is born on the 29th of May. He eventually marries
Hannah Smith and has children Ellen, Nancy, William and
Ballard, daughter of Christopher Anthony Ballard and
Eleanor Mossman is born on the 28th of February in
Virginia. She later marries Ezekiel Pilcher.
||On the 13th
of August, Hiram Shaw, the son of Hiram and Margaret
(Pilcher) Shaw is born in Fayette County, Kentucky.
Non-Intercourse Act replaces the Embargo Act which had
seriously damaged the United States' economy. The
Act forbids trade only with France and Britain.
||At this time,
there are perhaps a hundred keelboats freighting cargo
between Pittsburgh and Cincinnati.
||Henry Clay is
elected to the U.S. Senate on the 4th of January, and to
the U.S. House of Representatives in August.
mid-summer, Joshua's aged and infirmed father, Joshua
Pilcher, Sr. who was said to have been a Revolutionary
War veteran, dies in Lexington, Fayette County,
Kentucky. His will is dated May 3rd, proved in
August Court by Elijah Cartmell and Lucy Casey.
Will Book B. p. 152.
time, Mary Pilcher, daughter of Shadrach and Sarah
(Proctor) is born in Fayette County, Kentucky. She
eventually marries Anderson Foreman.
Pilcher, son of Joshua, moves to Nashville, Tennessee
where he negotiates with a merchant named John Lowry,
perhaps the same Lowry who formerly had been a prominent
dealer (and partner with Hiram Shaw) in furs and hats in
Lexington, and bought his interest in the Hat Store.
son of Eli and Deborah (Updegraph) is born about this
time in Pennsylvania. Family notes indicate he also
has brothers John, Tom, and Isaac, but their birth dates
||In the winter
of 1811-12 major earthquakes rocked the Ohio and
Mississippi valleys, and in Nashville, to the expense and
dismay of property owners, "chimneys were thrown
down, scaffolding around many new buildings fell with a
loud crash, "and walls cracked.
31st Nancy Shaw, the daughter of Hiram and Margaret
(Pilcher) Shaw is born in Fayette county, Kentucky.
She later marries her cousin, Lewis Pilcher.
British support of the Shawnee chief Tecumseh who opposes
American westward expansion, coupled with the desire of
the War Hawks to annex Florida which is held by Spain, a
British ally, and to protect U.S. maritime rights,
congress declares war on Britain on the 18th of June.
Pilcher, his nephews, and his cousins leave to fight for
the southwestern frontier. Joshua chooses to remain in
Nashville, removing a couple years later to St. Louis
where he engages in the storage business with N.S.
Pilcher, daughter of Shadrach (b.1768) and Sarah
(Proctor) Pilcher (b.1774) is born about this time in
Fayette County, Kentucky. She eventually marries
States Census for State of Kentucky in 1800 was destroyed
during the War of 1812, when the British Army captured
Washington and burned the public buildings.
||Shadrach Pilcher, son of
Joshua and Nancy, is mustered in on the 29th of March as
a private in Colonel William Dudley's regiment of the
Kentucky Militia. He serves under Captain Thomas Lewis.
During the Battle of Fort Meigs, also referred to as
Dudley's Massacre, Shadrach is taken prisoner near
Maumee, Ohio sometime between May 1-5. He is discharged
on the 28th September of this year.
Pilcher, son of Joshua and Nancy Pilcher moves to Ohio
marries Rosina Wentz about this time presumably in
County Ohio, is formed from Jefferson and Tuscarawas
counties. The county seat is Cadiz.
||On August 4th
British troops set fire to The White House.
29th John P. Shaw, the son of Hiram and Margaret
(Pilcher) is born in Fayette County, Kentucky. He
dies at a young age.
||In the Fall
of this year, Joshua Pilcher leaves Nashville for St.
Arbaugh, son of John and Rosina (Wentz) is born on the
2nd of January in Manchester, MD. He later marries
8th, a British army which has been sent to capture New
Orleans marches bravely up to the entrenchments of
General Andrew Jackson, in the Mississippi River
swamps. In less than 30 minutes 2000 British troops
were killed or wounded. Exactly 13 Americans were
killed. Weeks later, both sides hear of the
Treaty of Ghent.
||In spite of
unsettled Indian problems on the Mississippi river, trade
re-opens in the spring, and while the merchants inventory
their stock for the postwar market, Joshua Pilcher
invests his capital in a business partnership with N.S.
Anderson. Pilcher and Anderson sell dry goods, rent
storage space to other merchants, and may have dealt in a
wide variety of general merchandise.
||In the summer
of this year, Joshua's Pilcher's partner, N.S. Anderson
||On the 24th
of June, Catherine Arbaugh, daughter of John and Rosina
(Wentz) is born in Manchester, MD. She later
marries Philip Shambaugh.
||On the 13th
day of September, James U. Moore is born in Beaver,
Pennsylvania. He is the son of Eli and Deborah
October term of the St. Louis Court, Charles Lucas is
opposed as counsel to Thomas H. Benton in a case then
tried where Benton makes a statement to the effect that
certain evidence has been presented to the jury - Lucas
disagrees and Benton challenges Lucas to a mortal combat
which Lucas declines.
Thomas F. Riddick, a fellow Virginian of the Pilchers, is
an influential merchant, politician, and banker who has
lived in St. Louis ten or twelve years; and most
presumably chooses Joshua as a partner after Anderson's
unexpected death leaves Joshua in need of a new
partner. They open a down-town auction business
with ample storage space in a new frame warehouse at the
rear of their office.
Harris is born in Tuscarawas County, Ohio about this
year. He later marries Cynthia Moore.
is born in Tuscarawas County, Ohio. She is the
daughter of Martin and Elizabeth (Firebaugh).
||On the 4th of
August, after a controversy at the election held this
day, Benton is harsh and verbally abusive with Lucas and
a duel is arranged. They meet at Bloody Island,
Luke E. Lawless and Major Joshua Pilcher act as Benton's
seconds while Joshua Barton and Colonel Clemson act for
Lucas. At the first fire, Lucas is severely wounded
and while he recovers, unavailing efforts are made to
||On the 22nd
of August, Shadrach Pilcher's wife Sarah, gives birth to
their youngest child, Shadrach H. Pilcher in Fayette
Charles Lucas and Colonel Benton takes place on September
27th at Bloody Island. Lucas receives a mortal
wound and dies a half hour later. He is only twenty
five years of age, and this duel - regarded as political,
affects St. Louis politics for the next seventy-five
Clark dies on the 13th of February near Louisville,
becomes a state.
Pilcher joins the Missouri Fur Company which was
organized in 1808-1809 by the Creole trader Manuel Lisa
and a handful of investors. Lisa holds six of the
thirty shares in the company, his brother-in-law Thomas
Hempstead, Andrew Woods, Joseph Perkins, one of Joshua's
Masonic brother, and Joshua himself each subscribe to
four shares. Kit Carson's brother, Moses B. Carson
(another Mason) and John B. Zenoni take two shares
Pilcher moves from Indian camp to Indian camp trading for
furs during the unusually bitter winter, learning the
rudiment of the fur-trading business. Lisa's health
deteriorates during the winter at Council Bluffs and
Joshua assumes more authority at the post. Lisa
leaves for St. Louis in early April while Joshua remains
at Council Bluffs observing the details of the fur
trade. He forms a close friendship with John
Doughtery, Indian interpreter at Council Bluffs who
accompanies him on at least one visit to the Indians in
the fall of 1819 with the young and handsome William
Henry Vanderburgh. In time, business and politics
will destroy his friendship with Doughtery but
Vanderburgh and Joshua remain cordial until the younger
man's untimely death in 1832.
Arbaugh, daughter of John and Rosina (Wentz) is born on
the 28th of September in Frederick County,
Maryland. She later marries Henry Adams.
supports Missouri Compromise and manipulates its final
passage on February 20th.
health worsened during the spring and summer of 1820, and
early in the morning of August 12th, Lisa dies quietly.
||The Shaw Hat
Factory is located at 357 West Main; Lexington, Kentucky,
but the owner, Hiram Shaw, (husband of Margaret Pilcher)
dies about this time. His eldest son, Nathaniel,
has been working in the county clerk's office as a
Writer, preparing to study Law, but at the death of his
father (1822), leaves this employment and becomes an
apprentice under Thomas B. Megowan, in the cabinet making
trade. Hiram's other children are: Sarah E., Hiram
Jr., and Nancy Shaw who marries ten years later, her
cousin Lewis Pilcher.
is listed in North Township, Harrison Co., OH; Elijah and
James Moore are listed in Leesburgh, Orange Twp., Carroll
Co., OH; Christopher Anthony Ballard is listed in Lake
Township, Logan County, Ohio.
County, Illinois is organized on January 30th.
10th, Missouri is admitted into the union as the 24th
Cook, daughter of Martin and Elizabeth (Firebaugh) is
born in Harrison County, OH on the 27th of
November. She later marries James Arbaugh, son of
John and Rosina.
||On the 3rd of
March, Adam Arbaugh, son of John and Rosina (Wentz) is
born in Harrison County, Ohio. He later marries
the Kentucky Reporter Newspaper dated October 28th, Hiram
Shaw, hatter, of Lexington, dies in October.
18th, Henry Clay is recommended for presidency by
Kentucky legislatures, but suffers a lingering illness
between 1822 and 1823.
son of Hiram and Margaret (Pilcher), is apprenticed to
Joseph Putman, a manufacturer of Wool Carding machines
and remained with Putman until he went into business with
his brother Nathaniel.
Pilcher, son of Joshua and Nancy, moves from Kentucky to
of the Sac and Fox Indians settle west of the
Arbaugh, daughter of John and Rosina (Wentz), is born on
the 23rd of March in Harrison County, OH. She later
marries August Orr.
Ballard, daughter of Christopher "Anthony"
Ballard and Eleanor (Mossman) is born in December in
Canton, Missouri. She later marries Shadrach H.
Pilcher, son of Shadrach and Sarah (Proctor), moves from
Fayette County, Kentucky to Springfield, Illinois along
with his brother Ezekiel.
||In the late
summer or early fall, Joshua, Jr. returns to St. Louis to
close the books of the Missouri Fur Company which is
bankrupt. Its creditors are unpaid and Joshua does
not have enough cash on hand to open a business in St.
Louis. While the autumn weather holds, Joshua heads
back to Bellevue and reopens trade with the Indians on a
cash-only basis. He also writes to friends in Washington,
D.C. requesting appointment as United States consul at
||Henry Clay is
defeated for President in November.