||Fort Ouiatenon* (near the present
city of Lafayette)is the first fort built
in Indiana. It's built by French Canada
to counter British expansion in valleys
of Wabash and Ohio rivers and serves as a
trade and communication post.
||Fort Philippe (later called
Fort Miami), is built on the St. Mary's
River, near the area in Fort Wayne, where
the St. Mary's, St. Joseph's and Maumee
||Fort Vincennes is
||During this year and the
next, the smallpox plague breaks out
among the Indian population causing many
||The French surrender Fort
Ouiatenon to the British during the
French and Indian War.
||Fort Ouiatenon is occupied
by native Americans after this time but
destroyed by American soldiers in 1791.
||General Gage orders the
French in the Wabash Valley to leave
their settlements and demands the title
deeds to their lands
||Thomas Jefferson, a planter,
surveyor and powerful advocate of liberty
born in Albermarle County, Virginia,
drafts the Declaration of Independence at
the age of thirty-three.
||Fort Sackville, a British
outpost is begun this year. It is located
in the frontier settlement of Vincennes.
||George Rogers Clark and his
troops arrive in Vincennes after
nightfall on the 23rd of February and is
warmly greeted by the French citizens.
They overtake the fort from British Lt.
Gov. Henry Hamilton two days later.
||On the 30th of April, George
Washington (1732-1799), stands on the
balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in
New York, and takes his oath of office as
the first President of the United States.
||President Washington orders
Fort Ouiatenon destroyed in an effort to
stop the Indian raids on the white
settlements in Kentucky.
||John Adams (1735-1826), the
Harvard educated lawyer who was born in
the Masachusetts Bay Colony, is elected
as the second U.S. President.
||First U.S President George
Washington dies of a throat infection at
Mount Vernon on the 14th of December.
||After resigning from the
Army, William Henry Harrison becomes
Secretary of the Northwest Territory, is
its first delegate to Congress, and helps
obtain legislation dividing the Territory
into the Northwest and Indiana
Territories. He becomes Governor of the
Indiana Territory this year and his main
task is to obtain titles to land so that
the settlers can press westward.
||The Delaware cede part of
their land in southern Indiana.
||Merriwether Lewis writes to
his army comrade, William Clark, inviting
him to share command of the expedition
||A treaty is signed on April
30th for the United States to purchase
from France the Louisiana Territory which
is more than 800,000 square miles of land
extending from the Mississippi River to
the Rocky Mountains for about $15
||On the 14th of May, William
Clark sets off from Camp DuBois, joined a
few days later by Lewis who is in St.
||Michigan Territory is
separated from Indiana Territory.
||During the expedition of
Lewis and Clark, Sacagawea gives birth to
a baby boy, Jean Baptiste. Lewis assists
in speeding the delivery by giving her a
potion made by crushing the rings of a
rattlesnakes rattle into powder.
||Up until late July, the
route west has been unknown to the
explorers and Sacagawea, but she now
begins to recognize familiar landmarks
and points out the place where the
Hidatsas had captured her five years
||Native American leader, Chief Black Hawk* (1767-1838), who
was born in the Sac village near the site
of present Rock Island, Illinois and who
had fought for the British in the War of
1812, denounces the treaty which was
signed in St. Louis and resists removal
from this land.
||On September 23rd, the Lewis
and Clark expedition returns to St. Louis
after two and a half years.
||James Madison (1751-1836) is
elected as the fourth President of the
||On July 16th, Meriwether
Lewis and William Clark, two of the few
white men who had actually seen the
mysterious territory of the Far West,
help form The Missouri Fur Company to
exploit the region's abundant fur-bearing
animals. Among their partners were the
experienced fur traders and businessmen
Manuel Lisa, Pierre Choteau, and Auguste
Choteau. (Note: Joshua Pilcher later
succeeds Manuel Lisa of the MO Fur
Company and Wm. Clark as Superintendent
of Indian Affairs)
[See Joshua Pilcher on this
site for more information]
||Prophet's Town is
established in the Wabash Valley, in or
near the old Tippecanoe village,
Shawnee brothers, Tecumseh and
Tenskwatawa, also known as "The
||The threat against the
settlers in the territories becomes
serious. The eloquent and energetic
chieftain, Tecumseh, with his religious
brother, the Prophet, begin to strengthen
an Indian confederation to prevent
||After traveling east along
the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, on his
way from St. Louis to Washington,
Meriwether Lewis commits suicide on the
11th of October at Grinders Stand,
an inn south of Nashville.
||Illinois Territory is
separated from the Indiana Territory.
||Harrison receives permission
to attack the confederacy and while
Tecumseh is away seeking more allies,
Harrison leads about a thousand men
toward the Prophet's town. On the 7th of
November, before dawn, the Indians attack
his camp on Tippecanoe River. After heavy
fighting, Harrison repulses them, but he
suffers 190 dead and wounded.
||The U.S. declares war on
Britian on the 18th of June (War of 1812)
||The British burn buildings
in Washington, D.C. and bomb Fort McHenry
||Henry Clay serves as
commissioner to the joint
American-British peace negotiations in
||Jackson defeats the British
at the Battle of New
Orleans*, and the war
officially ends on the 17th of February.
||Indiana becomes a State on
the 11th of December. First Governor of
is Jonathan Jennings (1784-1834).
||James Monroe (1758-1831) who
had fought with distinction in the
Continental Army, and practiced law in
Fredericksburg, Virginia becomes the
fifth President of the U.S. He will serve
as such until 1825.
||Although the first
transatlantic steamship Savannah has made
history and the U.S. has bought Florida
from Spain for five million dollars, an
economic depression begins.
||Henry Clay authors the
||On the 16th of September,
Mexico wins its independence from Spain.
||Marion County is created by
an act of the Legislature on December
31st, and begins its formal existence on
April 1, 1822.
||Stephen F. Austin selects a
site on the lower Colorado and Brazos
rivers, and settles his colonists here in
||The Delaware have moved to
the James Fork of the White River in
southwest Missouri. They had ceded their
Indiana lands and agreed to move west of
the Mississippi when they signed the St.
Mary's Treaty in October of 1818.
||Indiana and Illinois join
together in a plan to connect the Maumee
and Wabash Rivers. It was completed in
1853 but the coming of the railroad
eventually brought a close to its use.
||John Quincy Adams
(1767-1848) becomes the 6th U.S.
President and appoints Henry Clay as
Secretary of State. Although he had
received fewer electoral votes and fewer
popular votes than Andrew Jackson,
neither of the candidates had earned the
131 electoral votes required for victory,
so the United States House of
Representatives was given the task to
decide the winner (as stipulated by the Twelfth Amendment
to the United States Constitution*). After much
debate, the House decided the election on
February 9, 1825 in favor of Adams.
||Captial of Indiana is moved
from Corydon to Indianapolis.
||As former President John
Adams lay dying on the 4th of July, he
whispers these last words: "Thomas
Jefferson survives." But Jefferson
has died at Monticello only a few hours
||A major general in the War
of 1812 and a national hero when he
defeated the British at New Orleans,
Andrew Jackson becomes the 7th President
of the United States. He is elected by
popular vote and seeks to act as the
direct representative of the common man.
Jackson will serve in this capacity until
||Wabash Township in
Tippecanoe County, Indiana is organized.
||George and Hannah Mossman
leave Grayson Co., Virginia and relocate
to Wayne County, Indiana where they
purchase four separate parcels of land
between January and June. These parcels
are located in Centerville, Indiana.
(Note: George Mossman is the uncle of
Margaret, wife of Samuel Meredith).
||About this time Margaret
(Meredith), with husband Archibald Dye
and children, remove from Ohio and settle
in Tippecanoe Co., Indiana.
[Return to Ohio
|Family of Archibald and
Margaret (Meredith) Dye is listed living
in Tippecanoe County, Indiana in Wabash
Township. Four small children are
included, those being: Maria Louise,
Albert, Frances and Alfred Dye. Also
residing in Wabash Twp. is the Joseph
Severn's family while Vincent Dye family
is listed in Sheffield Township.
||Mexican officials pass a law
prohibiting further American immigration
into Tejas in hopes of limiting American
influence over the region. Austin,
however, finds a loophole that allows him
to continue expanding his colony.
||On January 3rd, Martha Dye,
daughter of Archibald and Margaret
(Meredith) is born in Lafayette,
Tippecanoe Co., Indiana. She later
marries William Penn Sovern.
||Former President James
Monroe dies in New York, New York on the
4th of July.
||The U.S. Supreme Court rules
in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia that the
Cherokee are not a "foreign
nation" within the meaning of the
Constitution, but a "dependent
nation." Between now and 1839, the
Five Civilized tribes of the Southeast
are forcibly relocated to Indian
||Vincent Dye, son of Benjamin
and grandson of Andrew and Sarah (Minor),
moves his family from Miami County, Ohio
to Tippecanoe County, Indiana.
||In May, the Sac and Fox
Indians under the leadership of Black
Hawk leave the Iowa territory and return
to their homes across the Mississippi
River in northern Illinois. Their return
to this area, creates widespread panic
among the white settlers and Governor
Reynolds calls up the militia.
||The Democrat party, founded
in 1793 by Thomas Jefferson, becomes
chiefly opposed by the Whig party from
this point until 1856. The Whigs were
created in order to oppose the policies
of Andrew Jackson and called itself the
Whig Party by analogy with the English
Whigs, who had opposed the power of the
King in Restoration England.
||Cyrus Dye, son of Archibald
and Margaret (Meredith) is born on the
7th of April in Tippecanoe Co., Indiana.
||John W. Meredith writes his
son and daughter-in-law, Samuel C. &
Margaret (Ballard) from Troy, Miami Co.,
Ohio on the 22nd of February. Sam and
Margaret are residing in Centerville,
Wayne Co., Indiana. This letter mentions
Margaret's brother - presumably Archiblad
Mossman Ballard; also Squire Tullis; John
Steel Davis; B. Dye; H. Baron; Dewey;
Joseph and Norval Meredith; H. T. Lock;
and David Barrett.
||William Morton Meredith, son
and first child of Samuel C. and Margaret
(Ballard) Meredith to survive to
adulthood is born on the 11th of April in
Centerville, Wayne Co., Indiana. He will
first marry Emma Shellenberger or
Shellenbarger and then Teressa Richey.
||From Troy, Miami County,
Ohio, John W. Meredith writes his son
Samuel at Centerville, Wayne Co., Indiana
on July 28th: "I have been busy
yesterday & today trying every one I
met with to subscribe for your paper
..." Mentions Robert Sproul; John
Wharton; and William Dunlop.
||The outbreak of the Texas
Revolution at Gonzales on October 1, 1835
leave Stephen F. Austin little choice but
to support the drive for Mexico's
||On the 21st of April, Sam
Houston, commander of the Texas army,
leads eight hundred troops, inspired by
the sacrifice of their comrades at the
Alamo, in a surprise attack on Santa
Anna's 1,600 men. Houston's decisive
victory at San Jacinto secures Texas
independence from Mexico and a
provisional government is organized.
||From Troy, Ohio, John W.
Meredith writes his son Samuel in
Centerville, Indiana beginning on the 2nd
of October. Writes that letters of
Margaret and Joseph had been mis-directed
and that he was out 28¾ cents. Mentions
he is looking for the arrival of Hamilton
Busbey (brother-in-law) who has sold his
place and "was to come past here on
his way to Illinois to look out a place
to move his family to," but he's not
yet arrived. He picks up his letter on
the 9th, still awaiting Busby, mentions
that he has been working with Nesbitt for
20¢ a day, which is low wages but helps.
He also adds a "letter" to his
grandson William A. Meredith who is
staying with Samuel and learning the
||John W. Meredith writes from
Troy, Ohio on the 5th of November to his
son Samuel C. Meredith in Centerville,
Indiana. "... your paper of
yesterday arrive, but it came rather late
to convert any honest man to vote for
Martin VanBurin to the Presidency.
Mentions that he has now lost his job
with Nesbitt, mentions State Attorney
T.S. Barrett having a black eye and
wonders "how he might bring an
indictment of assault and battery against
any man when he is himself guilty for the
||Martin Van Buren, who
disagrees with Whig candidate William
Henry Harrison's revenue-sharing scheme
that would return federal surplus from
the proceeds of federal lands directly
back to the states, easily wins the
election becoming the 8th president.
||Two weeks before Joshua
Pilcher gets up from his sick bed (he's
been bedridden from Christmas time until
March 21, 1837) President Van Buren
nominates him Indian agent to the Sioux,
Cheyenne, and Ponca Indians. Benton
informs Joshua of the good news, and at
the end of the month Secretary of War
Joel R. Poinsett sends his new
commission. His salary this time is
$2,000. (Joshua is the uncle to
Margaret (Ballard) Merideth's
brother-in-law Ezekiel Pilcher, husband
of her older sister Louisa)
||The Panic of 1837, is a
result of Jackson's policies which have
been supported and initiated by Martin
Van Buren. The policy stating gold or
silver must be used to purchase lands in
the west, and their opposition to the
Bank of the United States created unwise
investments with smaller banks and the
banks were forced to close. Besides
losing their jobs and homes, people begin
to lose confidence in the new in the new
||James H. Meredith, son of
Samuel C. and Margaret (Ballard) Meredith
is born in Centerville, Wayne Co.,
Indiana. He dies just short of his eighth
birthday on the 27th of January 1846.
||About this time, Margaret
Dye, daughter of Archibald and Margaret
(Meredith) is born in Lafayette,
Tippecanoe Co., Indiana.
||On the first of September,
William Clark dies at the home of his
oldest son, Meriwether Lewis Clark. He
had married Julia Judith
Hancock, for whom he had named a river in
Montana. A respected Indian agent and
businessman, he had been appointed as
governor of the Missouri Territory. He
lost his first election to be the new
state's governor after he had been
accused of being too soft on
||Maria Louise, daughter of
Archibald and Margaret (Meredith) Dye,
marries Joseph H. Louthan on the 21st of
April in Tippecanoe County.
||The Whigs hold their first
national convention, giving the nod to
Harrison, who is elected president next
year, largely as a result of the terrible
state of the economy.
||John Luff Meredith, son of
Norval, is now living in Lafayette,
Indiana. Here he engages in the banking
business and becomes head of the banking
establishment of Barbee, Brown &
||William Henry Harrison
arrives in Washington in February to take
up the presidency, but catches a cold
that develops into pneumonia. He dies on
the 14th of April, the first President to
die in office. With him dies the Whig
Party. His vice-president, John Tyler,
||Emily Ellen Meredith,
daughter of Samuel C. and Margaret
(Ballard) Meredith is born in
Centerville, Indiana on the 19th of
January. She later marries Captain Edward
||John Dye, son of Archibald
and Margaret (Meredith) is born in
Lafayette, Tippecanoe Co., Indiana about
||William J. Meredith, son of
John Luff Meredith and Margaret (Carr) is
born in Lafayette, Tippecanoe County in
||After nearly ten years of
independence, Texas votes for annexation
into the United States and James K. Polk
||Aaron A. Meredith removes
from Ohio to Lafayette, Indiana and
begins working as a carpenter about this
||James Marshall leaves
Crawfordsville, Montgomery Co., Indiana
for California. He is first to discover
gold at Sutter's Mill, which starts the
Gold Rush in 1849.
||Aaron A. Meredith enlists in
the Mexican War* in April. He
becomes a private of the 2nd Ohio
Volunteer Regiment under Colonel Mitchel
and participates in the battle of
||Dred Scott* and his wife
Harriet go to trial to sue for their
freedom in the St. Louis Circuit Court.
This suit begins an eleven-year legal
fight that ends in the U.S. Supreme
||On the 23rd of February,
former President John Quincy Adams
collapses on the floor of the House from
a stroke and is carried to the Speaker's
Room, where he dies two days later.
||Samuel Meredith leaves his
wife and three children and heads to
California where he becomes an argonaut,
making the passage to the golden coat by
way of the Isthmus, and arriving at San
Francisco on New Year's Day of 1850.
Homesick, he never ventures into the
goldfields and returns to Indiana.
||Spending a quarter of a
century policing the frontiers against
Indians and winning major victories in
the Mexican War at Monterey and Buena
Vista, Zachary Taylor becomes the twelfth
||In February President Taylor
holds a conference with southern leaders
who threatened secession. He tells them
that if necessary to enforce the laws, he
will personally lead the Army and that
persons taken in rebellion against the
Union, would hang.
Magazine* makes its debut in
June 1850, the brainchild of the
prominent New York City book-publishing
firm Harper & Brothers. The initial
press run of 7,500 copies sold out
immediately, and within six months
circulation had reached 50,000.
|Listed as living in Wabash
Twp., Tippecanoe Co., IN is the Archibald
Dye family including: Archibald age 51;
Margaret age 52; Martha age 19; Cyrus age
15; Margaret age 12; John age 07; Patrick
age 28 (born IRE); and Elizabeth age 01.
Also living in this township is Albert
Dye age 26, Elizabeth age 27 and Norval
Dye age one.
||After participating in
ceremonies at the Washington Monument on
the 4th of July, President Zachary Taylor
falls ill from eating cherries and milk.
He dies on the 9th of July and Vice
President Millard Fillmore becomes the
next President. During the Civil War,
Zachary's only son Richard will serve as
a general in the Confederate Army.
||On September 18th, The
Fugitive Slave Act now mandates the
return of runaway slaves,
regardless of where in the Union they
might be situated at the time of
their discovery or capture. This
legislation becomes part of the
chain of events which culminate in the
American Civil War.
||Aaron and Letitia (Dye)
Meredith have left Troy, Ohio and are
living in Fort Wayne, Indiana about this
time. Here Aaron runs a grocery store for
the next five years.
||Archibald Dye, son of Andrew
A. Dye and husband of Margaret (Meredith)
dies in Wabash Township, Tippecanoe,
Indiana at the age of fifty-two. His body
is laid to est in Sandridge Cemetery in
||Henry Clay dies in
Washington, D.C. on the 29th of June.
||On the 4th of November
Martha Dye, daughter of Archibald and
Margaret (Meredith) marries William Penn
Sovern, son of Absolem and Mary McKee. He
had recently moved to Tippecanoe Co.,
Indiana from Ohio.
Pierce enters the Presidency nervously
exhausted. Shortly before he takes
office, the Pierce family had been
involved in a train wreck and their
11-year-old son, Benjamin, was thrown
from the car and crushed to death before
||The Republican party is
organized in Ripon, Wisconsin on February
28th as a party against the expansion of
slavery. It's first convention is held on
July 6th in Jackson, Michigan. Many of
its initial policies are inspired by the
defunct Whig Party. Since its inception,
its chief opponent has been the
||On May 30th, the
Kansas-Nebraska Act, bill becomes law by
which the U.S. Congress establishes the
territories of Kansas and Nebraska. It
allows people in these territories to
decide for themselves whether or not to
allow slavery within their borders,
repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820
which had prohibited slavery north of
latitude 36°30´. This act infuriates
many in the North who consider the
Missouri Compromise to be a binding
agreement, but in the pro-slavery South,
it is strongly supported.
||After running a grocery
store in Fort Wayne, Indiana for five
years, Aaron Meredith and wife Letitia
(Dye) remove to Madison, Wisconsin where
he engages in clerking and farming. He
then conducts the Hotel Meredith until
1861 at which time he enlists in Co. H of
the 2nd Wisconsin Infantry and becomes a
part of the famous Iron Brigade.
||Born into a well-to-do
Pennsylvania family in 1791, James
Buchanan becomes the fifteenth U.S.
||The U.S. Supreme Court
issues a landmark decision declaring that
Dred Scott remain a slave. The court has
decided that all people of African
ancestry (slaves as well as those who
were free) can never become citizens of
the United States and therefore cannot
sue in federal court. The court also
rules that the federal government does
not have the power to prohibit slavery in
its territories. This decision
contributes to rising tensions between
the free and slave states just before the
American Civil War.
||Vincent Dye leaves
Tippecanoe County, Indiana to move to
Bates County, Missouri but on account of
his strong union and anti-slavery
sentiments, he is driven out of the
county and returns to Indiana two years
||About this time William
Morton Meredith, son of Samuel C. and
Margaret (Ballard) Meredith, marries
Emeline "Emma" Shellenberger,
daughter of John and Anne of Pennsylvania
and Ohio respectively. Their marriage
ends in divorce in 1865 and Emma receives
custody of their children Anna and
||In about February, Anna
Meredith, daughter of William M. Meredith
and wife Emma (Shellenberger) is born.
Nothing has been learned of her after
1870. She was enumerated in 1860 and 1870
living in Indianapolis. Can you help?
|Families of John
Schelenberger, William Meredith and
Samuel Meredith are residing in
Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana.
||Abraham Lincoln who had
declared "Government cannot endure
permanently half slave, half
free..." is elected president on the
5th of November.
||On December 20th, South
Carolina secedes from the Union.
||By this time the
anti-slavery settlers out number
pro-slavery settlers in Kansas and a new
constitution is drawn up. On January
29th, just before the start of the Civil
War, Kansas is admitted to the Union as a
||The Confederate States of
America is formed with Jefferson Davis as
President on the 9th of February. He is a
West Point graduate and former U.S. Army
||On the 5th of March, the day
after Lincoln's inauguration as president
of the United States, Lincoln receives a
message from Major Robert Anderson,
commander of the U.S. troops which are
holding Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.
The message states that there is less
than a six week supply of food left in
||Samuel Meredith, son of
William M. Meredith and Emma
(Shellenberger) is born about this time.
He dies in 1865 and is buried in Crown
Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis, Indiana.
||On the 12th of April at 4:30
a.m. Confederates under Gen. Pierre
Beauregard open fire on Fort Sumter in
Charleston, South Carolina, thus
beginning the U.S. Civil War.
||Edward Nicholson, son of
James and Emily (Willis) enlists in
Montgomery County, Indiana on the 22nd of
April. He serves with the 22nd Indiana
Battery and is promoted to captain.
||Aaron Meredith, now residing
in Madison, Wisconsin, enlists in the 2nd
Wisconsin Infantry on the 1st of May.
||The First Battle of
Bull Run,* which is also
referred to as the First Battle of
Manassas takes place on the 21st of July.
The elite of nearby Washington, D.C.,
expecting an easy Union victory, have
come out to picnic and watch the battle,
but when the Union Army is driven back,
the roads back to Washington are blocked
by panicked civilians attempting to flee
in their carriages. In this same battle,
Aaron Meredith is wounded by a minie ball
in the right arm which "cripples
that member for life."
||Vincent Dye, age
sixty-fives, dies near Dayton, Indiana.
His wife, Rebecca (Swills), who had
stayed in Missouri after his departure,
goes to Illinois after the close of the
war and dies about five years later.
||Aaron Meredith, who has
returned to Madison from Georgetown
hospital and recouperated from his wound
at the Battle of Bull Run, serves as a
recruiting officer between July and the
||Husband and father of two,
William Meredith, son of Samuel and
Margaret (Ballard), enlists in the 70th Indiana
Regiment,* Company E on the
6th of August. His commanding officer,
Colonel Benjamin Harrison, will later
become the 23rd U.S. President.
||On January 1st, President
Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation
Proclamation that declares forever free
those slaves within the Confederacy.
||John Luff Meredith, who has
been engaged in the banking business and
heads the banking establishment of
Barbee, Brown & Company, returns to
Troy, Ohio about this time. [Return to Ohio
||Lincoln appoints Ulysses S.
Grant General-in-Chief in March. Grant
directs Sherman to drive through the
South while he himself, with the Army of
the Potomac, pins down General Robert E.
Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.
||Margaret (Meredith) Dye,
widow of Archibald Dye and daughter of
John W. and Elizabeth (Busby) Meredith,
dies on the 24th of March in Wabash
Township, Tippecanoe Co., Indiana. She is
laid to rest at Sandridge Cemetery in
||Lincoln wins the re-election
but on Good Friday, the 14th of April, he
is assassinated at Ford's Theatre in
Washington D.C. by John Wilkes Booth and
dies the following day.
||With the Assassination of
Abraham Lincoln, the Presidency falls
upon an old-fashioned southern Jacksonian
Democrat of pronounced states' rights
views. Although an honest and honorable
man, Andrew Johnson is no match for the
radical Republicans in Congress.
||May finds William Meredith
in the Battle of Resaca,* a poignant event
he writes about which is later published
in "The Current" of Chicago in
||Due to the riding a
hard-gaited horse, Captain William
Meredith develops a hernia and is
discharged in Atlanta, Georgia on August
||William Meredith and Emma
(Schellenberger) are divorced. Emma
receives the house and furnishings as
well as custody of Anna and Samuel.
||On April 9th, at Appomattox
Court House, Robert E. Lee surrenders.
Grant writes out magnanimous terms of
surrender that will prevent treason
||Major Aaron Meredith, after
being wounded at Battle of Bull Run,
captured and held prisoner by Stuart's
cavalry while proceeding from high spot
on the upper Potomac, is paroled and
serves as commissary for two years before
being mustered out with the rank of major
on the 1st of September. He immediately
returns to his home in Madison, Wisconsin
where he is appointed by Governor Fairchilds* as Superintendent
of Public Property.
||Emily Ellen Meredith,
daughter of Samuel C. and Margaret
(Ballard), marries Edward Nicholson, son
of James Nicholson and Emily (Willis) on
the first of November in Marion County.
||Born on the 9th of December
in Crawfordsville, Montgomery County,
Indiana, Meredith Nicholson will become a
famous Indiana author. He is the son of
Captain Edward Willis Nicholson and Emily
||In March, the Radicals
effect their own plan of Reconstruction
and once again place southern states
under military rule. They pass laws
placing restrictions upon the President
and when Johnson allegedly violates one
of these, the Tenure of Office Act, by
dismissing Secretary of War Edwin M.
Stanton, the House votes eleven articles
of impeachment against him. He is tried
by the Senate in the spring of 1868 but
is acquitted by one vote.
||On the 23rd of April,
William Morton Meredith marries Terressa
Adelia Richey in Marion County. Born 06
Feb 1848, she is the daughter of John and
Charlotte Curtis (Millard) Richey.
||William Luff Meredith, son
of William and Terressa (Richey), is born
on the 12th of October. He will later
marry Nellie Jennings.
||Late in the administration
of Andrew Johnson, General Ulysses S.
Grant quarrels with the President and
aligns himself with the Radical
Republicans and is elected as the 18th
||Born about this year,
Charlotte Meredith, daughter of William
and Terressa (Richey) will later marry
Charles Burras and be mother of Ruth,
Helen, and Teressa Burras.
|William Morton Meredith, his
wife Terressa (Richey) and their children
William and Anna are residing in
Indianapolis. Living next door are
William's parents, Samuel and Margaret
(Ballard) Meredith. Both William and
Samuel are listed as printers.
||Margaret Nicholson, daughter
of Captain Edward W. Nicholson and Emily
(Meredith), is born in Indiana this year.
She later marries R.P. Noble.
||After serving as
Superintendent of Public Proberty in
Madison, Wisconsin, Aaron Meredith moves
to St. Louis, Missouri where he becomes a
treasurer of the Western Engraving
Company. He remains in this capacity
until 1879 at which time he returns to
Meredith, daughter of William and
Terressa (Richey) is born about this
year. She later marries Edward G. Niles
and (2) Walter Farrell.
||On the 8th of July, Aaron
Albert Meredith, son of William and
Terressa (Richey) is born. He later
marries Elsie Cora (Hall) and have
daughter, Margaret Richey Meredith.
||Rutherford B. Hayes becomes
the 19th President of the United States.
||Margaret Meredith, daughter
of William and Terressa (Richey) is born
on the 30th of March.
|Samuel Meredith, age 73 and
wife Margaret (Ballard) age 70 are
residing at 266 Blackford Street in
Indianapolis, as is their daughter.
Enumerated in the in the census with her
husband Edward Nicholson age 52 who is
working on the city police force, Emily
(Meredith) is listed as age 37 with
children Willis age 13 and Margaret age
||Lew Wallace of
Crawfordsville, Montgomery Co., Indiana
publishes his book "Ben Hur. "
||By a margin of only 10,000
popular votes, Garfield defeats the
Democratic nominee, General Winfield
Scott Hancock. He attacks political
corruption and wins back for the
Presidency a measure of prestige it has
lost during the Reconstruction period.
||On July 2nd, in a Washington
D.C. railroad station, Charles J.
Guiteau, an attorney who became
embittered when his application to be the
U. S. ambassador to France was denied,
shoots President Garfield. He's taken to
the New Jersey seaside, where he appears
to be recuperating, but on September
19th, he dies from an infection and
internal hemorrhage. It is now considered
that the infection was the result of
unsanitary probing by physicians for the
||Chester A. Arthur succeeds
the Presidency of the United States after
the death of Garfield.
||Aaron A. Meredith, son of
Norval and Mary (James) and husband of
Letitia (Dye) passes away in Madison,
Wisconsin on the 8th of November.
||The First Democrat elected
after the Civil War, Grover Cleveland
becomes the only President to leave the
White House and return for a second term
four years later and was therefore the
22nd and 24th U.S. President.
||William Luff Meredith, son
of William and Terressa (Richey), goes to
Seattle as the personal respresentative
of W.C. Hill who has obtained much of the
real estate the government has reclaimed
from Doc Maynard.*
||Born on August 20th 1833 in
North Bend, Ohio, Benajmin Harrison
becomes the 23rd President. Prior to his
presidency, he had moved to Indianapolis
where he had become a pillar of
Indianapolis, and had enhanced his
reputation as a brilliant lawyer.
||William L. Meredith, son of
William and Terressa (Richey), marries
Nellie Jennings in Seattle on the 15th of
||William L. Meredith secures
a position with the customs service in
Seattle as a Chinese Inspector. After
about a year, he becomes employed by John
W. Considine who is in the variety
theater business in Spokane.
||Captain Edward Willis
Nicholson, son of James Nicholson and
Emily (Willis), dies on the 24th of
August and is laid to rest at Crown Hill
Cemetery in Indianapolis, Indiana. He is
survived by his wife Emily Ellen
(Meredith) and their children Meredith
and Margaret Nicholson.
||William McKinley becomes the
25th U.S. President.
||William L. Meredith returns
to Seattle and joins the police force as
a detective. He serves a few months and
then leaves the city once again.
||Returning to Seattle in
1899, William L. Meredith and John W.
Considine's relationship has cooled. As
police chief, Meredith begins cracking
down on the use of women in box-houses to
hustle the sale of liquor, and Considine
feels he has concentrated his efforts on
his business in particular.
||Meredith Nicholson, son of
Captain Edward Willis Nicholson and Emily
(Meredith), publishes "The
||In retaliation, Considine
accuses Meredith of forcing him to pay
protection money and an investigation
ensues in which William Meredith will,
according to his letter to Mayor Humes,
resign from duty on the 16th of July.
||The tension between
Considine and Meredith continue. On the
25th of June, shots are fired between the
men at Guy's Drug Store on Second and
Yesler in Seattle. After wrestling the
gun from Meredith, John Considine's
brother Tom savagely beats Meredith on
the head causing two skull fractures and
then John Considine fires three shots at
point blank range, killing the 32
year-old father of two, William Luff
||While shaking hands in a
receiving line at the Buffalo
Pan-American Exposition, a deranged
anarchist Leon Czolgosz, shoots President
William McKinley twice. He dies eight
days later on the 14th of September.
||With the assassination of
President McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
becomes the youngest President in the
Nation's history, not quite 43 years old.
During the Spanish-American War,
Roosevelt had been lieutenant colonel of
the Rough Rider Regiment.
||John Considine goes on trial
for the premeditated murder of William
Meredith, but is acquitted on the 21st of
November. The Tacoma Ledger reported:
"Considine had repeatedly shot a man
already dazed and helplessly wounded, a
man who without this violence would have
been dead in a short time ... With all
respect to the courts that they deserve,
it will have to be admitted that in this
instance they have declared homicide not
to be a crime."
||On the 5th of August,
Terressa (Richey) Meredith, wife of
William, passes away. She is laid to rest
in Arlington National Cemetery.
||Albert Einstein proposes his
special theory of relativity.
||An earthquake levels San
Francisco on April 18th.
||Henry Ford produces the
first Model T car.
||The Republican Convention
nominates William Howard Taft and he
becomes the 27th U.S. President.
||In the biggest antitrust
decision in history, the U.S. Supreme
Court orders the dismantling of John D.
Rockefellers monopolistic Standard
||The Titanic sinks on April
||President Taft endorses a
constitutional amendment in authorizing a
federal income tax.
||On June 28th, Archduke Franz
Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated.
This catapults Europe into World War I as
President Wilson declares U. S.
||Emily Ellen (Meredith)
Nicholson, widow of Captain Edward W.
Nicholson, passes away in Indianapolis at
the age of 73 on the 6th of July. She is
laid to rest beside her husband in Crown
||Louisa Ballard, sister of
Margaret and daughters of Christopher
Anthony Ballard and Eleanor (Mossman),
marries Ezekiel Pilcher in Springfield,
Sangamon Co., Illinois on the 8th of May.
||Macon County is created in
from Shelby County.
||On the 5th of February, John
Luff Meredith writes his brothers
"Mrfs. Samuel C. & Joseph B.
Meredith in Springfield, Illinois from
the infantry barracks in Baton Rouge, LA.
||Samuel C. Meredith
has removed to Springfield, Sangamon
County, Illinois where he marries
Margaret Ballard on the 29th of March.
Margaret was born in Grayson Co.,
Virginia and is the daughter of
Christopher Anthony Ballard and Eleanor
||On the 13th of June, John
Ballard Meredith, son of Samuel C. and
Margaret (Ballard) Meredith is born in
Springfield, Illinois. He only survives a
few months, passing on the 6th of
September. Their next child is born in
Piqua, Miami Co., OH. [Back to Ohio
||Elizabeth Ann Hawks,
daughter of William and Melinda, is born
in Macon County, Illinois on the 17th of
October. She later marries James Proctor
||James Nicholson arrives in
Decatur, Macon Co., Illinois from Garrard
County, Kentucky about this year. He was
born in 1800 and is the son of James and
Polly (Proctor). His wife is Emily
(Willis) whom he married in 1826. Their
children: James P.; Edward; Mary Ann;
Edna; Sarah & Elenor.
Meredith's sister Louisa Ballard-Pilcher,
is enumerated with her husband Ezekiel
and their ten children (two sets of
twins) living in Springfield,
Illinois. They live not far from
Abraham Lincoln whom they were acquainted
with (Ezekiel a carpenter, was said to
have made furniture for Abe), and the
home of Deputy Marshall Peter VanBergen
and his wife Clarissa for whom Louisa's
youngest child is named.
||James Proctor Nicholson, son
of James & Emily (Willis), marries
Elizabeth Ann Hawks on the 6th of
November in Macon Co., Illinois.
||On the 3rd of September,
James Proctor Nicholson enlists with the
7th Illinois Cavalry.
||Belle Nicholson, daughter of
James Proctor Nicholson and Elizabeth
(Hawks) is born in Long Creek Township,
Macon County, Illinois on the 25th of
September. She later marries Charles D.
||Harriett M. Nicholson,
daughter of James P. and Elizabeth
(Hawks), is born in Long Creek Township,
Macon County, Illinois on the 13th of
September. She later marries Joseph C.
|According to the Census of
1870 Macon Co., Illinois, the familes of
James Proctor Nicholson (including James,
wife Elizabeth and daughters Bell &
Hatty); and James Nicholson (age 70,
including Elizabeth, Ellen, and Anna and
Marshall Wallace) are residing in Long
|Residing in Long Creek
Township in Macon Co., Illinois are the
families of: James Nicholson; James
Proctor Nicholson; Joseph C. Myers; and
William M. Davis. Residing in Decatur is
the John Lindsay family. Residing in
Randolph County - not listed on website -
is the James W. Pearson family including
wife Ellen (Nicholson) age 25 and son
Charles age three.
||On the 30th of September,
Belle Nicholson, daughter of James P. and
Elizabeth (Hawks), marries Charles D.
Stearns in Macon County, Illinois.
||Orville Stearns, son of
Charles D. and Belle (Nicholson), is born
on Friday the 19th of August in Macon
||Joseph C. Myers (born in
Ohio in 1858), marries Hattie M.
Nicholson, the daughter of James P. and
Elizabeth (Hawks) on the 30th of August
in Macon County, Illinois.
||At the age of 5 years, four
months and three days, Orville Stearns,
son of Charles D. and Belle (Nicholson)
dies in Decatur. He is buried in North
Fork Cemetery in Macon County, Illinois.
||Lawrence Myers, son of
Joseph C. and Hattie M. (Nicholson) is
born in January.
||William Morton Meredith is
appointed Director of the Bureau of
Engraving and Printing in Washington D.C.
at an annual salary of $4500.
||William M. Meredith,
Director of the Bureau of Engraving and
Pringint, assigns "the first colored
young lady, Miss Frances Flood, to press,
in the face of great opposition and
indignation on the part of certain
||On the 14th of November,
James Nicholson, widower of Emily
(Willis) and son of James and Polly
(Proctor) dies in Macon Co., Illinois.
||James Proctor Nicholson dies
in Macon County, Illinois on the 10th of
June. He is survived by his widow
Elizabeth (Hawks) and daughters Belle
Stearns and Hattie Myers.
||Velma Stearns, daughter of
Charles D. and Belle (Nicholson) is born
on the 17th of February in Macon County,
||Just past her 14th birthday,
Velma Stearns, daughter of Charles D. and
Belle (Nicholson) dies on Saturday the
29th of February. She is laid to rest at
North Fork Cemetery.