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Time Line of the Mossman & Ballard Relations - PDP's Roots & Branches
A Note Regarding Background & Sources:
The Mossman Family lived in Berwick Upon Tweed, England and emigrated to Grayson County, Virginia.  In the years that followed, many letters were exchanged between the Ballard, Pilcher, and Mossman descendants regarding the Mossman estate in England which was said to have been worth a fortune.  These letters came to rest in the house on Clark street in Webster Groves, Missouri - a suburb of St. Louis and were later found in 1992 by Patti & her mother Jeanette Lane who was the 3rd great-granddaughter of Eleanor Mossman.  This home had been built by Samuel Elliott Jones whose wife, Mabel Moore,  was Jeanette's great aunt and subsequently the 2nd great granddaughter of Archibald Mossman & Margaret Young.

Upon the death of her father, Thomas Anderson Moore, Mabel donated letters and journals to the Missouri Historical Society.  After the death of Mabel and her son Elliott, the home was inherited by granddaughter Gail who lived out of state and sold the home.  This home was visited by Gail's cousins Jeanette Lane and Patricia Peters who were welcomed in by the new owners who told of a family trunk they were storing for Gail. - These letters are now either in the possession of Patricia Davidson-Peters, or have been donated by her to the Missouri Historical Society.

A good deal of the time line and research can be attributed to these precious letters which date as far back as 1827, written by George and Hannah Mossman from Grayson County, Virginia.  Most of these letters are of genealogical natures since the family had been attempting to prove themselves as the heirs of Mossman Estate in Berwick Upon Tweed, Northumberland, England.

A chronology of other Virginia families has been included as they were intricately entwined with the Mossman & Ballard families.  Should you find errors of which you have documented proof, please contact Patti and the matter will be corrected.

We have listed this information as accurately as possible from information which has been gathered from letters, notes, clippings, obituaries, tax, census & land records, as well as various documents supplied by the Mossman and Ballard descendants.  We hope this will be of help to the research of others and extend our thanks to all our Mossman, Ballard & Pilcher cousins who contributed their family information.

Patricia Davidson-Peters & Kathleen O'Connell

Berwick Upon Tweed, England & Colonial America 1705 - 1770


Christopher Clark is a law partner of Nicholas Meriwether, ancestor of Meriwether Lewis, and owns land in Hanover County, Virginia on Cedar Creek as early as 1705-06. He married Penelope Johnson, daughter of Edward and Elizabeth (Walker) Johnson, about this year.


Queen Anne dies; ascension of King George I.


Sarah Clark, the daughter of Christopher and Penelope (Johnson) is born this year in Hanover County, VA. She later marries (1) Charles Lynch and (2) John Ward.
1720 Prior to 1700 few colonists had moved into Hanover county, Virginia other than trappers and fur traders, but by this year the Quakers have established a place of public worship at Cedar Creek, Hanover County, where the younger sons of the Anthony, Ballard, Harris, Johnson and Terrell families begin to settle in the lower counties along the James River.  Their meeting is established from the Monthly Henrico-Curles Meeting but the first Quaker to come to Virginia was Elizabeth Harris of London who came as the first missionary in 1656.
1722 Christopher Clark and Nicolas Meriwether patent 927 acres in Hanover County, VA.
1724 A "Greate Gust" occurs in Virginia and Maryland on the 23rd of August, damaging most of the tobacco and corn crops, causing flooding and is possibly followed by a second storm which destroys crops in South Carolina.
1727 Christopher Clark is a tobacco planter, captain of a militia company and justice of the peace in Hanover.
1732 George Washington is born in Westmoreland County, Virginia.
1736 Micajah Clark, son of Christopher and Penelope, marries Judith Adams (daughter of Robert Adams & Mourning Lewis) of Albemarle County, VA. Some of their children and grandchildren remove to Kentucky and Missouri where they are members of the MO congress and Generals in the Confederate Army.
1736 Patrick Henry is born in Hanover County, Virginia to an English mother and Scottish father.
1742 Hanover County is divided, and the upper portion is formed into a new county called Louisa, named for the princess Louisa, daughter of George II. The first justices were Robert Lewis (presiding), Christopher Clark, Ambrose Joshua Smith, Abraham Venables, Charles Barrett, Richard Johnson, Thomas Meriwether, Robert Harris, John Car, Joseph Bickley, Joseph Fox, John Starke, Joseph Shelton, and John Poindexter, Gents.
1743 Thomas Jefferson is born in Albemarle County, Virginia, the same year French and Indians begin King George's War with attacks on English settlements in Canada, Maine and New York.
1745 The Jacobite rebellion in Scotland is defeated which leads to the "Clearings" in which many of the Scots-Irish are forcibly removed  to the New World.  Many of these settled in Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania and western North Carolina.
1749 In Louisa County, VA a meeting is held near The Sugar Loaf Mountains with Christopher Clark, Sr. and Boling Clark as overseers. This road between the two meeting places is called "Clarks Track". It goes across Machumps Creek, through the gap in the southwestern mountains between "Castle Hill" and "Grace Church". The Clarks are among the first settler beyond the Chestnut mountains.
1752 England adopts the Gregorian calendar moving the New year from March 25th to January 1st.
1752 Bedford County is set off from Albemarle county this year, Albemarle having been set off earlier from Lunenburg.
1753 Camp Creek MM, encompassing Caroline, Louisa, Orange and Albemarle Counties is discontinued this year. Its members join the Cedar Creek MM in the upper part of Louisa. John and William Johnson with many others of the higher class including Christopher Clark, Lynches, Anthony, Douglas, Moormans, Terrells, Ballard, and Hart meet at Sugar Loaf.
1754 Friends at South River in Albemarle are granted a meeting 12th 10th month 1754.  Bowlen and Edward CLARK appointed as overseers.  After Jan 1, located on lands of Sarah (LYNCH) sister of Bowlen and Edward Clark and widow of Major Charles Lynch, who was not a Quaker.  His wife, Sarah, a daughter of Christopher Clark, Sr. joined the Society of Friends in 1750.  She qualified as executrix of will (1753) with John ANTHONY, William Cabell, and Joseph Anthony (her brother-in-law = her sister Elizabeth Clark was his wife). Sarah's son, John Lynch was the founder of Lynchburg. 
1754 Christopher Clark enters 5000 acres of land in Louisa and Albemarle. He had joined the Society of Friends late in life and dies this year.
1754 New Garden Monthly Meeting is set up by the direction of  by direction of Perquimans and Little River Quarterly Meeting, most of these having immigrated from Pennsylvania and before that, Maryland.  The meeting was so named after the meeting in Pennsylvania which had been named in remembrance of the meeting in County Carlow, Ireland.
1754 Militia Major George Washington starts French and Indian War by attacking a French party in a dispute over French activity on land claimed by Virginia - he also builds and later surrenders Fort Necessity.
1755 General Braddock, who has marched on Fort Duquesne, is killed in an ambush and Washington begins organizing troops.
1757 Goose Creek Monthly Meeting in Bedford County, Virginia is established this year from Cedar Creek Monthly Meeting, which included lower Hanover, New Kent and Henrico Counties. Names after a stream which rises at the foot of the peaks and cuts its way southeastward into the Roanoke also called Goose Creek by the Friends. Records indicate that the Friends were on the west side of the Blue Ridge Mountains before the French and Indian War, and that the Roanoke River area, not the Goose Creek in Bedford, was then evacuated because of the Indian trouble.
1757 South River Monthly Meeting is established from Cedar Creek and encompasses the counties of Bedford, Campbell, Amherst, Halifax, Pittsylvania, Henry, Franklin and Patrick. The first Quaker family to enter this area, which later became known as Lynchburg, was the family of Charles Lynch, Sr. a boy who had run away from Ireland and had paid his passage as an indentured servant to Christopher Clark, and later married his daughter, Sarah Clark.
1758 A wilderness road is built by General Forbes from Carlisle to Bedford and on November 26, the General takes Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh), and renames it Fort Pitt.
1758 In London it was reported that "Some of our Friends have removed from their habitations on the frontiers, many of them having for some time past appeared to the outward eye to be in imminent danger, though none as yet have been murdered by the enemy . . ."
1760 Byrom Ballard has settled in Campbell County and requests removal from Cedar Creek to South River MM in Bedford, but the request is delayed.
1762 A George Mossman is married to Eleanor Cockburn on the 19th of May in Mordington, Berwick, Scotland.
1762 Christopher Anthony, son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Clark), marries Judith Moorman, daughter of Charles and Mary (Adams).
1763 Byrom, son of William, is granted certificate to Bedford County, South River Monthly Meeting.
1763 It is reported this year that Byrom Ballard and Eleanor Candler (daughter of Daniel Candler and his wife Hannah of Albemarle), are married at Cedar Creek MM of Hanover, but record of their marriage and children also appear in the South River Monthly Meeting.
1764 Byrom Ballard condemns his behavior for having gone into law with John Lynch without the consent of the Friends, his condemnation is accepted.
1764 Mary Ballard, daughter of Byrom and Eleanor, is born the 16th day of the sixth month - birth recorded in the South River Monthly Meeting. 
1765 On the 22nd of March, the Stamp Act is passed imposing tax on legal documents and newspapers.
1765 Elizabeth Ballard, daughter of Byrom and Eleanor, is born the 1st day of the eleventh month - birth recorded in the South River Monthly Meeting.
1767 The Townshend Revenue Act is passed through Parliament, imposing duties on tea and other goods.
1767 William Ballard, son of Byrom and Eleanor, is born on the 20th day of the 7th month - birth recorded in the South River Monthly Meeting.  He later marries Elizabeth Anthony.
1768 A riot results in Norfolk after a group of gentleman take dangerous and radical steps of inoculating their families and friends against smallpox - their homes are destroyed in the riot.
1769 Monthly mail packets begin between New York and Charles Town, South Carolina.
1769 Byrum or Byrom Ballard, son of Byrom and Eleanor is born on the 14th day of the fifth month, but dies at the age of 7 months and six days - his birth and death is recorded in the South River Monthly Meeting.
1769 Elizabeth Anthony, daughter of Christopher Anthony and Judith (Moorman), is born on the ninth day of the tenth month - she later marries William Ballard and becomes the mother-in-law of Eleanor Mossman.
1770 Five colonists are killed by British soldiers at the Boston Massacre on the 5th of March.
1770 Amos Ballard, son of Byrom and Eleanor , is born on the 15th day of the eleventh month - birth recorded in the South River Monthly Meeting.
For Questions, Corrections, Additions, or Comments
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Part 2 of the Mossman/Ballard Time Line 1771-1799


Updated 11 May 2016
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