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Baker Couty Biographical Sketches
Please note that the following sketches were randomly selected but alphabetically arranged from Volume 2 & 3 of THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON. No intention was made as to which biographies were to be included except to search for those with a Baker County connection. Although indexed by name, these volumes contain countless sketches and over a thousand pages each of which none is arranged neither alphabetically or geographically - thus making the task of locating those Baker County residents most tedious. -pdp

Adams, J.W.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

Born in Saline county, Missouri on 02 June 1859, he was the son of W.D. and Barbara (Baisley). The father's birth having occurred in Mississippi on 12 Jun 1822, and the mother's place of birth Pennsylvania. Remaining with his parents and receiving a common education in Missouri, he left home at the age of nineteen and headed west. He settled in Baker county where he became a miner and worked at the occupation for two years, after which he took up the blacksmith's trade, a vocation which he followed for ten years. He then went to Idaho, but returned to Oregon after two years and bought a farm of one hundred and sixty acres in Baker County. After cultivating that farm for several years, he purchased another one hundred and sixty acres on which he then resided.

He was married to Miss Mandora Spielman on 28 March 1886, she having been born in Baker county on June 15, 1866. Her father's birth occurred in Maryland, while her mother was a native of Pennsylvania. - J.W. and his wife were the parents of: Leo K., Mrs. Loula Nell Lee, and William D. Adams.


Basche, Peter
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Wisconsin on 8th of August 1844, he was the son of Joseph and Mary (Schnith), natives of Germany. His father was a shoemaker who emigrated to the United States in 1842 and located in Green Bay, Wisconsin and was the father of: Anthony who resided in Green Bay; Michael who had resided in Green Bay and was father of five children; Peter who is the subject of the sketch; Frederick who was on the hospital corps during the Civil War and then resided in Green Bay; and Catherine who was the widow of Jacob Juker. The father passed away in 1860 and he and his wife were both laid to rest in a cemetery at Green Bay.

When Peter started out on his own, he was first employed in a hardware store, but in 1860 came to Oregon and located in The Dalles where he worked in a general mercantile store of his brother-in-law. In 1872 he went to Auburn and from there to Baker City in 1876 at which time he became associated with J.P. Fall in the purchase of the hardware and implement store of J.H. Parker and was so engaged for twenty years; and in 1907 was elected county treasurer and after the expiration of the term of office was elected county judge of Baker county.

Peter became a stockholder in the Morning mine and other gold claims and together with his brother-in-law, Mr. Cooper, owned a section of land in Haines and other pieces of farming property in the state. He had married Lucy Cooper on 3 Dec 1877, she a native of Missouri and daughter of Thomas Cooper who had come to Oregon in the early days. Peter and Lucy were the parents of: Claude, a hardware dealer at Sumpter; Frederick who engaged in farming on the Snake River; and Victor.

Bennett, William
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

One of the early residents and pioneer businessmen of Baker City, he was born in Pennsylvania on 14 Jan 1829 and was the son of Joel and Sarah (Bird), the mother a native of England and the father of the state of New Jersey. They were married in Pennsylvania where they both passed away, and had been the parents of ten children, all deceased by 1912 except for William.

When he began on his own, William ventured into the lumber business and then in 1860 went to Colorado where he engaged in prospecting and mining for six years. At the expiration of that time, he went to Montana where he remained six more years before going to Washington, where he again went into the lumber business. It was in 1876 that he came to Baker City.

His first wife was Elizabeth Bary whom he married in Pennsylvania in 1858, and they became the parents of five children: Millard who was in partnership with his father in Baker City; Bion; Miller; Thomas who was a resident of Idaho; and Elizabeth who married and resided in Pennsylvania. The wife, Elizabeth, died in Montana in 1869 and on 24 Dec 1871, William married Mary J. Watters. To this union were born: Cora, the wife of Willis Moore; Estella who married Thomas Dunn; Callie who married Ezra Martin; twins Mary and Mattie - the former who married Charles Gould and the latter who married Amos Guard; and Malcolm - all who reside in Baker county. Their youngest child died in infancy.

Bishop, Frank W.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Emporia, Kansas on 12 Dec 1872, he was the son of Frank and Hannah (White) who had been married in England in 1872. The father was born in Whitehouse Lane, Bristol, England on 16 Dec 1830 and was the son of Thomas and Jane (Thorn) who spent their entire lives in England and engaged in farming. Frank Bishop, Sr. was the second of seven children and their first to come to the United States, two others following him - Charles William who became a resident of Oregon, and Albert who made his home in Troy, New York.

Frank Bishop Sr. arrived in the United States in the spring of 1856 and spent two years on a schooner on the Puget Sound in connection with the fur trade and had made his home at Steilacoom, Washington where he was engaged in prospecting and placer mining which he followed in connection with the millwright trade until he retired. His wife Hannah died in Utah at the age of forty-four. They were the parents of: Frank W. and Thomas, both of Baker; Nellie W., wife of Marcus Heston of California, and Charles W., who also resided in Baker.

At the age of nine, Frank W. Bishop removed from Kansas to Buena Vista, Colorado with his parents and at age sixteen removed with them again to Ogden, Utah where he entered the plumbing business. He worked as an apprentice for five years and was employed as a journeyman. He removed to Baker in December of 1900 and besides being connected with quartz mining, continued in this trade until in February 1903 when he opened a general hardware and plumbing business at No. 2108 Main Street, a stone structure of two stories and a basement, and rented one half to the Oregon Light & Power Company.

In Ogden, Utah, he married Florence Moore, a native of that place, on 2 June 1896 - she a daughter of D.M. Moore who conducted an extensive nursery business there for twenty-five or more years. They were the parents of: Virginia M., Norma (who died in infancy), and Florence M. Bishop. In 1904 Mr. Bishop was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife who passed away on the 7th of March that year. He took as his second wife, Miss Jennie M. Maxwell, a native of Spokane - and were married in Boise, Idaho.

Bowman, George Jacob
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

One of Baker City's first councilman, George was born in Wiltgartswiesen, Germany on 01 January 1829 and was the son of Michael and Elizabeth (Braun) who were natives of Germany. The father was born in 1787 and was killed accidently when a timber fell upon him - this being in 1838 when George was nine years old. The mother, who was born in 1788 died about 1862. They were a family of five children: Phillip, Elizabeth, David, Margaret and George.

George came to the United State on the vessel, New Brunswick, and landed in New Orelans on the 7th of December 1848 and began working for a wagon and carriage manufacturer. He then proceeded to Louisville, Kentucky and assumed the same trade. He afterwards located in Woodford county, Kentucky where he remained until 1852 at which time he went to Missouri.

In about 1873 he came to Baker county, Oregon and purchased property where the Grand Hotel later stood and continued in the wagon-making business until 1878. - He was married on 09 November 1854 to Miss Elizabeth Tweedie, a daughter of David and Rachel (Bennett), who were natives of Scotland and England respectively. The mother was brought to America when she was two years of age. Her father introduced the first glass manufacturing into this country. Mrs. Tweedie was born 06 Feb 1817 and died 11 Feb 1894. Mr. Tweedie was born 11 Jan 1809 and passed away in Missouri on January 15th, 1894. Their family consisted of eleven children: The six living at the time of the sketch were: Mrs. Bowman; John; Esther, widow of Joseph H. Wilson; Ella, wife of John Long; Thomas; and Lee, wife of Oliver Long - all of Missouri. Of those who passed: William, Margaret, David Gordon, Jane and Mary.

Mrs. Elizabeth Bowman was born on 13 August 1835 and by her marriage to George, was the mother of nine children: Kate May born 28 Nov 1855 was married in 1876 to Frank Palmer of Baker; George Joel Bowman who died in Missouri at the age of four months; Mary E. born 25 Jul 1860 and married J.P. Halley of Richland; James Wiles Bowman who 28 Feb 1863 and died in Boise, Idaho; Frank Bowman of Baker who was born 17 Jan 1866 and married Miss Alice Shelton; John T. Bowman who was born 03 Oct 1868 who first married Millie Poe who died young leaving two children Lester and Esther and he then married Miss Ella Bloom; Robert B. Bowman born 24 April 1872 who married Miss Belle Willett; Beulah Bowman born 12 April 1876 who married W.H. Stocker of Portland; and Myrtle Bowman born 07 May 1880 who married J.W. Campbell of Richland.

Brown, Pleasant
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Jasper county, Iowa on 1 April 1854 and son of Andrew J. and Martha Ann (Harp), became a rancher in Baker City and owned eight hundred and forty acres. His father was a native of Tennessee and the mother of Illinois but they came to Iowa with their parents during the pioneer days where they were married and passed the early years of their domestic life. In 1864 they joined a wagon team and crossed the plains to Montana where they lived for three years, and then removed to Oregon and settled on Goose creek in Baker county where the father filed on some government land and where the mother passed away in 1874. The father's death occurred in December 1907 in Baker City. They had been the parents of twelve children, nine of whom were living in about 1911 and were residents of Oregon except for one who lived in Boise, Idaho.

Pleasant J. Brown was thirteen years of age when his parents settled in Baker county. He remained at home until he was nineteen and then engaged in freighting until he obtained the means to engage in ranching, and at that time homesteaded a quarter section of land in Eagle Valley upon which he raised livestock and continued to purchase more land. He retired from his business and turned over the management of his ranch to his son, Roscoe, who resided in Baker City.

Pleasant was married to Zona E. Young of Illinois, on the first of January 1880, she the daughter of W.N. and Nancy (Sublett), also natives of Illinois. They were the parents of S. Ellen, William, Roscoe, Chester, June, Sylvester and Zona Brown.

Browning, W.H.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

A grocery and baker, he was born in Greenville, Kentucky on 20 Dec 1865, and was the son of Robert and Cynthia (Rhoads), the fomer a native of the Blue Grass state where he died in 1874 at the age of thirty five. He had been reared to farm life but was engaged in merchandising at Bakersport, Kentucky at the time of his death. His widow then made her home with her son, W.H. Browning.

In the fall of 1895, at the age of thirteen, W.H. Browning came to the northwest, settling first in Spokane, Washington, and then in the spring of 1896 removed to Baker, Oregon and became connected with the bakery business in partnership with W.E. Baker, operating as Baker & Browning. In 1897 he married Linnie Bowers, a native of Illinois, and then established his own grocery business.

Butts, Charles
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

Born near Forest Grove, Washington county, Oregon on 20 April 1864, he was the son of Lewis and Mary (Constable), the former a native of Virginia and the latter of Missouri. They were married in Washington county, OR in about 1862. Lewis Butts had crossed the plains with an ox team in 1845, accompanying his parents on their westward journey. His mother, however, died while en route and was buried at the peaks known as Three Sisters in the Cascade range. The party was in the train which found what was referred to as the Blue Pocket diggings.

On arriving in Washington county, the grandfather of Charles Butts secured a homestead in Forestdale and began to clear and improve his land. He wedded Mary Constable who had crossed the plains in 1850 at about which time her parents died. The death of Mrs. Butts occurred in 1870 followed by the death of Mr. Butts about ten years thereafter. He had two brothers, Festus and Jacob, and a sisters Mrs. Anita McClanahan who lived in Baker; his eldest sister Mrs. Mary Ann Wilcox; Mrs. Melva McKinney of Benton; and his youngest sister Mrs. Sarah Hall who made her home in Washington county, Oregon.

Reared in Washington county, Charles worked in the saw mills until the panic of 1893-94. He came to Baker county in 1896 where two of his father's brothers and one sister were living and here he purchased twenty acres of land northeast of Baker where he carried on general farming. - He was married to Miss Ida Rosette Ward on 08 August 1900 in Baker City, her own mother having died when she was about five years of age she was raised and adopted by Newton and Annie McClanahan and took their name. Charles and Ida were the parents of Floyd, Claude, Oscar, Rashiel and one who died in infancy when about two months old.

Caldwell, William
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

Born in Eugene, Oregon on 08 April 1856, he was the son of S.A. Caldwell who was born on 30 Oct 1826 in New Hampshire who had been reared and educated there on the tinsmith's trade. When a young man of twenty-three, together with thirty others he purchased a sailing vessel and embarked for California and after several months they reached their destination in 1849. Remaining there for five years, he then went to Eugene where he engaged in the hardware business. He afterwards went to Auburn, returned to Eugene, and then came to Baker City where he lived until his death in 1910. His first wife, and mother of William (and another son who died in early infancy), was Mary Hampton who was born in Missouri and died in Eugene. By his second wife he had a daughter Maude.

In his early childhood, William had accompanied his father to Baker City. There he received a common education until the age of fifteen when he then learned the tinner's trade of which he was engaged for thirty years, opening a hardware and implement business in 1901.

He was married on the 4th of July 1876 in Baker City to Miss Kate M. Carter, a native of Missouri and daughter of William Carter. They were the parents of three children - all of whom passed.

Case, Albert
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

A well-known proprietor of a furniture and undertaking establishment in Sumpter, Baker County, Albert was one of the early pioneers who journeyed westward from his native sate of Virginia and settled in Washington county as a young man. He was married in Washington state in 1882 to Mrs. Emma (Mullett) Hurley, the widow of C.F. Hurley and shortly after their marriage they removed to Sumpter, Oregon where he began engaging in the furniture and undertaking business. They were the parents of a son Earl, and she the mother of two sons by her previous marriage - Ernest Hurley of Milton, Wisconsin and Carter Hurley who resided in Iowa. - Albert Case passed away on 09 March 1912.

Clifford, Judge Morton D.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Ottumwa, Wapello county, Iowa on 24 May 1859, he was the son of Harmon and Jane (Mahon), the former a native of Scotland and the latter of Ireland. They had come in their childhood days to the Unites States with their respective parents and married in Iowa. The father enlisted for the service in the Civil War in an Iowa regiment and was killed in battle. The mother afterwards came to Grant county, Oregon in 1870 with her son Judge Clifford, their only child, and was again married. She died in 1895 at the age of sixty-five years.

Until the age of twenty-five, he was identified with the livestock business and then began to study law in the office of Hill & Mays at The Dalles, continuing with that firm until he was admitted to the bar in October 1882. He then went to Canyon City and served as deputy sheriff for one year. In the spring of 1884 he was nominated district attorney on the democratic ticked for the sixth judicial district which comprised Grant, Baker, Union and Umatilla counties. In 1886 he was re-elected and in July 1888, upon retirement of that position, he was owner of a law office at Canyon City where he continued to practice law.

In January1890 he was appointed by Governor Sylvester Pennoyer to the position of circuit judge of the sixth district and served under appointment until June when he was elected to fill out the unexpired term of Luther B. Ison. He was elected again in 1892 for the full six year term and re-elected again in 1898 - serving a total of 14 years in that position. Upon his retirement from the bench, he entered into private practice in Baker City joining the firm of Butcher & Correll, and remained in that firm until the death of Mr. Butcher, when the firm was then continued as Clifford & Correll.

In 1885 he was united in marriage to Edith Hazeltine, a native of Grant county, Oregon and daughter of G.I. Hazeltine, who was at one time, a county judge of that county. They were the parents of: Harold who was a practicing attorney in Baker; and daughter Erma.


Collins, Clara
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

Born in Kansas on 17 Apr 1864, she lived in Missouri prior to coming to Oregon where she was the owner of a farm of forty acres not far from Haines. She married John Brasier in Oregon on 08 Oct 1882 and they were the parents of seven children: Geneva born 01 Aug 1882; Mettie born 14 Aug 1885; Arthur born 12 Apr 1887 died in infancy; James born 18 Jun 1890; William born 10 Oct 1892; Ellen born 01 Jan 1894; and Elsie born 03 May 1899.

On the 17th of June 1905, she became the wife of John Collins, from whom she separated in February 1908 and continued to live on the forty-acre tract of land where she raised her children. She held membership in the Methodist church and was said to have had a wide circle of friends. Both she and her family were well and favorably known in Hanies and the vicinity.

Currey, Herschel
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born at Rono, Indiana on the 21st of December 1860, he was the son of Dr. H. M. and Julia (Hatfield) who had moved to Louisiana when he was in his early childhood. For a time he attended Louisiana State University at Baton Rouge, which at that time was a military school, and after having been thrown upon his own resources and enduring hardships, he came to enter the Kentucky School of Medicine, and after graduating, was associated with his uncle, a well known physician with a large practice. Desiring a more comprehensive knowledge , he pursued a full course of study and then came to Oregon in 1890 opening an office in general practice. With an insatiable thirst for more knowledge, he continued to study, much in regard to the disease of women and children, and in 1904 withdrew from general practice and thereafter made a speciality of the disease of women - a subject of which he contributed to medical journals and lectures.

He was president of the Oregon State Eclectic Medical Association, was member of the state board of medical examiners in Oregon, and appointed U.S. pension surgeon, serving in this capacity from 1886 to 1888.

Denham, Hugh
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Columbus City, Iowa on the 29th of March, 1857, he was the son of William, a native of Ohio who was born in 1832 and who, in his childhood went with his parents to Iowa, was married there in 1855 to Esther Jeffries, who was born in Pennsylvania in 1833. His parents both died in Columbus City when they were about forty years of age, having been the parents of three children who passed in their early childhood as well as Hugh; Mrs. May Wilson; and Mary Elsie who died at the age of fourteen.

In 1877 Hugh left Columbus City and went to Superior, Nuckolls county, Nebraska and continued in the harness-making and saddlery trade of which he had been apprenticed. In September of 1880, he came to Baker where he lived for four years and then went to Colorado, where he spent two years before coming back to Oregon and settling in La Grande in 1889. After seven years, Hugh returned to Baker and there resided and took up partnership with Robert Palmer, with whom he was connected under the firm of Palmer & Denham, their shop having been located at No. 1706 Main Street.

He was united in marriage to Maggie Gooding on 18 June 1884, she having been born in Canada on 30 March 1865 but reared in the United States, coming to Oregon in 1881. She was the daughter of Francis and Margaret (Russell), the former of England and the latter of Scotland. They were married in Canada but spent the last days in Baker. - Hugh and Maggie were the parents of May, a native of Colorado; William; Ray who resided in Baker; Ethel who died at age nine; Earl and Lloyd - the last five having been born in Oregon.

Dooley, John J.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Utica, New York on 14 March 1838, he spent his first sixteen years there and received his education in common schools. He then removed to Chicago, Illinois and learned the machinist's trade and was engaged as an engineer on the Galena & Chicago Union railroad (later the Chicago & Northwestern RR), and remained in the service of that company for nine years after which time, in 1862, he crossed the plains with ox and horse team and settled in Auburn, Baker county, Oregon and there took up mining.

He then began building the toll road over the mountains known as the Dooley toll road, and in the operation of the enterprise, he spent twenty years. At the end of that time he removed to Baker City and engaged in sheep raising until his retirement in 1906, residing then at No. 2043 Grove Street

He was married on 25 Dec 1861 in Chicago, to Phoebe Knapp, daughter of Asa and Philura, who were pioneers in Illinois. They were the parents of: J.F. who resided in Baker City; Frank who lived in Corvallis; Asa Knapp of La Grande; and daughter Margaret who acquired her education in the public schools and at the St. Frances Academy and College of Baker City. The latter passed her civil service examination and took the office of clerk in the Federal building on 15 Dec 1902 and in 1910 became assistant to the postmaster.

Ernst, Jesse
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

A native of Portland, he was a well known proprietor of a fish market on Resort Street in Baker City which was originally established by his father, Frederick K who was born in Hanover, Germany on 21 Feb 1849 and passed away in Baker City on 31 May 1910. For many years he had conducted a hotel and restaurant in Baker City, his hostelry being a popular rendezvous with the old pioneers. He abandoned the hotel business and opned a fish and oyster market of which he conducted until his death, at which time the business was taken over by his sons Charles Harrison and Jesse F. then took over the business.

Frederick K Ernst was a member of the Second Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War and upon the expiration of his first enlistment, re-enlisted in the cavalry. He was married to Sarah Frances (Stephman) who was born on the Camas prairie on 12 August 1854 and who survived him, making her home in Baker City.

Jesse F. Ernst received a common education in Baker City and then studied at a business college. After studying, he spent one year in Seattle at the Butler Hotel, in charge of the dining room and then allied with the Manhattan Building Company and managed the Manhattan flats for two years and eight months. Later, he attended a session of the legislature at Olympia, acting as enrolling clerk and in Seattle remained in the auditors office until 1909 at which time he spent a year as first deputy of the registration bureau and in 1910 came back to Baker City after his father's death, to take charge of the fish market.

In 1900 he married Miss Tillie Foss, daughter of Martin, a millwright by trade who passed away in January 1912. Jesse and Tillie were the parents of at least one daughter, Helen.

Eustace, Joseph
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Connecticut in 1827, he received a common education, and at the majority of his age, went to California and engaged in mining. In 1858, he pressed further north to Oregon and in 1862 settled in Auburn. He purchased a ranch three miles northeast of Baker City in which he raised various farm crops and specialized in stock-growing. -After considerable time spent in this employment, he sold his farm and began a hide, fur and wool business in Bake City and thereafter became a hardware dealer until his retirement in 1900.

In 1902, he married Mrs. Sarah Lewis, who was born in Greene county, Ohio and removed with her parents in 1838 to Iowa where she lived until 1887, at which time she emigrated to New Mexico. In 1898 she came to Baker City where she became acquainted with Joseph and they were married. - Joseph died on 27 November 1906 and was survived by his wife who was a member of the Methodist Episcopal church.

Foster, Charles M.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Walden, Caledonia county, Vermont on 3 October 1835, he was the son of Merrill and Salla (Gould), who were both natives of Vermont, the grandparents having come from Maine and were both of old New England families and pioneers of Vermont. To Merrill and Salla, nine children were born, but Charles the only survivor at this date.

Coming of a race of pioneers, it was natural for him to look toward the Pacific and with his knowledge and surveying skills, went westward. Setting out with that end in view, he reached Davenport, Iowa in 1856 where he began railroading and later surveyed in Scott county and spent one winter in Davenport in the courthouse engaged in recording deeds.

With the Colorado gold excitement, he moved westward, and after stopping at Pikes Peak for a short time he continued to California and stayed there until February 1861 at which time he came to Portland. While there, he was in the office of the superintendent of Indian Affairs with Edward R. Gearry, and in September 1861 went to Walla Walla, Washington. During the gold excitement, he went to Florence, Idaho in the spring of 1862 but in July of that year arrived in Auburn where he eventually settled. In was elected county clerk and in 1867/68 he was employed in the office of the Auburn Canal Company and in 1870 surveyed the Sparta ditch. In all, he served thirty-six years as county surveyor of Baker county. was superintendent of schools, commissioner , government deputy mineral surveyor, city surveyor, and a city councilman in Baker.

In 1869 he married Mary Alice Irland, a native of Pennsylvania who was born in 1849 and came to Oregon with her mother in 1863 and mother of two children: Lee of Baker, and Harry of Medford, Oregon. After her death in 1878, Charles married Fannie M. Moore by whom he had one daughter, Colleen.

Geddes, Frank
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

Born in 02 Dec 1871 in Baker County, he was the son of J.A. and Eva and remained at home until he reached his majority. He then engaged in the butchering business for some time in Baker City and was later elected to the office of county clerk and afterwards was appointed depty sheriff of Baker county. After serving in that capacity he engaged on his own account in the butcher business and later purchased a ranch of one hundred and sixty acres and took up farming and raising stock.

He was married to Miss Lulu M. Ebbert on 05 April 1899, she the daughter of George and Elizabeth (Landis). Her father was born in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania and her mother was born in Iowa. The father emigrated to Oregon in 1852 and the mother arrived in 1854. They settled in Lane county, Oregon where they lived until 1887 at which time they removed to Monmouth. - Frank and Lulu Geddes were the parents of at least three children: Otto E.; Wilma E.; and Joseph F. Geddes.

Halley, Jonathan Press
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

A well-known dairyman at Richland in the Eagle Valley, he was born in Macon, Missouri on 18 Dec 1856 and was the son of B.S. and Mary E. (Halley), his parents cousins and natives of Kentucky but had married in Missouri where they resided until 1864 when they crossed the plains to Grande Ronde Valley in Union county, Oregon. They were the parents of six children: J.P; Mrs. Belle McCollister of Sherlock, California; Ed of Grande Ronde; Robert who died at Clinton Falls in 1911 leaving a widow; Nancy who died at the age of fourteen; and Page.

At the age of thirteen, J.P. began running stock for this father and lived upon the ranch,keeping bachelor's hall to the time of his marriage in 1881. In 1890 he removed to Baker county and made his home in Richland on an eight acre farm and also owned three hundred and twenty acres in Pine Valley. He raised sheep, horses, and cattle and then conducted a dairy business.

His wife, Mary E. Bowman, daughter of George, was born in Missouri and crossed the plains with her parents. She and J.P. were the parents of: Maude; Elanor, wife of Sol Mason of Pine Valley; and Earl who married Nova Lloyd and also resided in Pine Valley.

Hansen, J.A.A.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Buford, Wyoming, on 5 December 1873, he was the son of Carsten and Elizabeth (Olberg) both natives of the province of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. The father's birth having occurred at Husum and that of the mother at Itzehoe. They were likewise reared and married in the land of their birth, whence they emigrated to the United States in 1870 and were the parents of three children: Mary, wife of Rudolph Hallberg of Salem; Annie, wife of H. Valentine of Portland; and the subject of the sketch.

Although a native of the state of Wyoming, he was educated at the common schools in Crawford county, Iowa and in 1892 joined his parents who were living on a ranch in the Willamette valley and turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, following in this endeavor until 1903 at which time he removed to Baker City. There he engaged in the furniture business with Gus Shut, their store located at the corner of Bridge and Resort streets, but then moved to Second and Center at which time Mr. Hansen bought out the interest of Mr. Shute and conducted the business alone until the time he took his brother-in-law, R. Hallberg, in with him; but the continued together for only about six months, at which time Mr. Heis bought the interest and conducted an attractive business. In addition to the interests in this business, Mr. Hansen was the owner of a timber claim of one hundred and sixty acres in Malheur county and owned a nice residence in Baker City.

He was united in marriage to Katie Johnston on 16 November 1900, she the daughter of Thomas and Katherine (O'Shaunessy) and were the parents of Carsten Alexander and Albert Edward.

Hart, Julius Newton
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Wayne county, Illinois on 13 May 1869, he was the son of John S. and Minerva Jane (Neal). His father was born in Carroll county, Ohio on 21 May 1841 and the mother born in Wayne county, Illinois on 5 Apr 1846, the couple having come to Polk county, Oregon in 1855 and then removing to Benton county where they remained. John S. Hart was a veteran of the Civil War, having served as a member of the 5th Illinois Calvary for four years and participated in many battles including Vicksburg. The ancestors were members of Roger Hooker's colony in Massachusetts in 1632 and three years later helped found the town of Hartford, Connecticut. They were the parents of: Julius Newton; Silas, a farmer and stock-raiser in Benton, Oregon; Florence, wife of D.J. Grant of Dallas, Oregon; Loretta, wife of H.E. Starr of Falls City, Oregon; Julia, wife of Clyde Turner of Airlie, Oregon; Samantha, wife of Clarence Foster of Benton, Oregon; and Alberta, wife of Lloyd Hyde of Benton county, Oregon.

Julius received his common education in Illinois and later graduated from La Creole Academy of Dallas, Oregon with the class of 1889 and subsequently spent a year in the Oregon University Law School. In 1895 he was admitted to the bar and the following year entered upon his professional career opening a law office at Dallas, Oregon and practicing there until 1900. After a partnership with James H. Townsend and practicing alone, he became associated with William Smith in Baker City and from 1906 until 1910 practiced in partnership with James H. Nichols. From 1910 he practiced independently, occupying while in Baker City, beautiful offices in Shoemaker building, but then removed to Portland in May of 1912 and opened offices in the Couch Building.

He was married to Irene Dempsey, a native of Polk county, Oregon and daughter of James A. and Alice (Embree) on the 21st of December 1890 and were the parents of J. Harold and H.R. Hart.

Henry, George W.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Baker City, Oregon on 4 January 1878, he was the son of George W. Henry, Sr. who was born in New York in 1832 and Gertrude (Schafer) who was born in Baden, Germany in 1850 and came to Baker County in 1872. The father had located in California in early manhood where he had followed mining, and during the gold excitement in Auburn, moved from California to Auburn, from there to Mormon Basin and later to Clarksville, where he continued mining but later engaged in the butchering business. - The father and mother were married at Wingsville, Baker county, in 1873 and from 1876 until the death of George Sr. on 28 Dec 1890, the father had conducted a meat market in Baker City.

During the early 60's when there were conflicts between the Indians and the settlers, George Sr. was known as "Black Hawk" by his associates on account of the black whiskers which he wore all the time. He has one brother, Robert W., who was born in Clarksville, Baker county in 1876 and later resided in Hayden, Arizona.

George Jr. attended public school in Baker City, graduated in 1874 and began working for as a driver of a delivery wagon for P. Basche, a wholesale and retail dealer in hardware and implements. He continued employment with Basche for over ten years and had been promoted to foreman and head salesman and spoke highly of Peter Basche, whom he state he never had a better master to serve.

After employment with Mr. Basche, George Henry Jr. was appointed county recorder during July 1905-06, then appointed superintendent of the Baker City waterworks under Mayor C.A. Johns, and again by Mayor William Pollman. In November 1910 he was elected one of the three first commissioners, having charge of the departments covering water, fire, and sanitation.

Hindman, William C.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born on 30 April 1821 in Ketanning, on the Allegheny river in Pennsylvania in what was then Armstrong, and later Clarion County, his paternal grandfather was David Hindman who had come from County Dongeal, Ireland and was a licensed preacher of the Presbyterian church. While teaching school in Racine, Ohio, William was approached by a an old man who told him of a Thomas Hindman, the brother of his grandfather David who had gone to Virginia and while there, was killed by the Indians. Thomas' wife was also slain, but the four children survived, although the eldest daughter had been scalped.

William's father, Samuel Hindman, was also a native of Pennsylvania, his ancestors having settled there prior to the Revolutionary War, and he having been a soldier of the War of 1812. He had married Sarah Manning, a native of Baltimore, Maryland whose ancestors had come to the new world with Lord Baltimore and had settled in that section of the country. Sarah's father was Joseph Manning, who had served as a soldier in the Revolutionary War and was present at the memorable occasion when Cornwallis surrendered his troops to Washington at Yorktown. He was at one time aide-de-camp on General Washington's staff.

William C. Hindman lost his father when he was but nine years of age, but his mother died in Galesburg, Illinois at the age of ninety-seven. Their family consisted of four daughters and six sons, two others besides the subject being: M.J. of Pleasant Valley, Oregon; and Samuel , who lived at Sisters, Crook county, Oregon.

When he was a young child, William's parents moved to Youngstown, Ohio where he was apprenticed as a millwright and also taught school. In 1850 he went to Iowa and engaged in farming near Council Bluffs and then made the overland trip with ox and horse teams to Baker county, where he arrived in 1863. His first two years he engaged in freighting, but then homesteaded land and turned his attention to cattle-raising until he retired in 1911.

In 1853 he was married to Miss Sarah Kyle, of Iowa, who was a native New Brunswick but was reared in Ohio. They became the parents of eight children: Clara, wife of Daniel Carn of McEwen, Oregon; Ida who died at age eight; Phila, wife of H.P. Kaizer of Idaho; Agnes, wife of Leander Davis; Homer who died at the age of forty-two; Grace who resided in San Jose, California; Frank who lived in Alberta, Canada; and W.W. Hindman who practiced law in Spokane. In 1883, Mr. Hindman was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, and on 25 Nov 1897 he married Mrs. Tollie (Mounts) Douthitt, a daughter of Noble and Scirilla Theresa (Drake), natives of Virginia and Kentucky.

Hindman, Willard W.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

Youngest son of Hon. W.C. Hindman of Baker county, he was born there in July of 1870 and pursued his education in the public schools of Baker and in a private school taught by Dr. Smith of the Episcopal church. He entered law school at the Michigan State University at Ann Arbor and obtained a permit from the supreme court of Oregon to practice law. For some years he practiced in La Grande and then removed to Spokane and became a member of the law firm of Happy, Cullen, Lee & Hindman. He was married about 1908 to a woman of Spokane.

Hughes, Milton
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Wilkesville, Vinton county, Ohio on 18 Nov 1858, son of Milton and Eunice, he was a member of the firm of Hughes & Waterman, conducting a real-estate, loan and insurance company in Baker. His mother died when he was eight years old and he then went to live with his sister - he being the youngest of ten children. His youth was passed in different places and he came to live with Thomas Fletcher, who was a wealthy and good man. At the age of eighteen, he left Ohio and made his way west to Axtell, Kansas and was employed as a farm labor and railroad worker before leaving for New Mexico. After one year, he left that locality and in 1882 arrived in Baker county, Oregon, where he continued to live.

Having carefully saved, he first purchased a small farm which he sold and then bought two hundred acres of land in Union county and raised grain and Poland China hogs and had prospered until the year 1893 when he lost ten thousand dollars as the result of the hard times over the country. He then removed to Baker and entered the grocery business and dealt in real-estate, which he became the senior member of Hughes & Waterman.

In 1888 he married Miss Minnie Favorite, a native of Missouri, who in her childhood days was brought to the northwest by her parents. Three children were born to this union: Sylvester who occupied his father's ranch near Baker; Alice, wife of Harry Gorman, publicity agent for the Commercial Club of Baker; and Dayton who resided on his father's ranch in Pine Valley. The two older children were born in Baker county, and the youngest in Union county.

Hyde, T. Calvin
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Oregon City, Oregon on 25 September 1847, he was the son of H.H. and Henrietta (Holman), the father a native of the state of Maine, whence he crossed plains to Oregon in the early '40s.

Reared at home, he attended Willamette University and decided a career of law, entered the office of Joaquin Miller at Canyon City, Oregon where he pursued his professional studies. He was admitted to the bar in 1868 and for four years taught school and engaged in the practice of law in Grant county. In 1873 he came to Baker City and went into partnership with Judge L.O. Stearns.

He married Miss Mary E. Parker on 14 January 1874, she born in Trenton, Missouri and the daughter of G.W. and Susan Pamela (Cooper) both of Kentucky and later residents of Missouri before coming to Baker City in 1870. Calvin and Mary were the parents of: Gertrude ; James; George, Harry; Charles, Norma and C. Duval Hyde.

Ison, Oliver
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

Born June 11th 1846 in Garrard county, Kentuky, he was the son of Strother and Judith Ann (Gaines), who were also natives of Kentucy. They left that state and went to Grundy county, Missouri and in the spring of 1862 came overland with ox teams to Baker county, where they lived the remainder of their lives. Both died near Wingville, the father in 1889 at age seventy-six and the mother on 25 Sep 1900 at the age of eighty-six. When in Missouri he had followed the merchandising business and engaged in the live-stock business, while in Oregon he carried on general farming. Unto him and his wife were born nine children of whom the second, a son, died in infancy. The others were: Bascom who died in infancy; Luther B. who died in 1889; Susan Virginia, wife of James Akers of Baker; Oliver P.; Lester Oscar; Adelia who married George Chandler of Baker; Gabrilla who died at the age of thirty-five years old; and Annie Ganies who died 29 Jan 1892 at the age of thirty-two.

Oliver P. was sixteen years old when he came to Baker county with his parents, and has carried on farming and stock-raising on land he purchased in 1870, ten miles north of Baker. His home, however, was situated in Baker City at the corner of Sixth and A streets.

He married Miss Martha Jane Vernon in January 1871, she having been born in Pleasantville, Iowa on 13 Dec 1855, the only child of Thomas B. and Mary Jane (Foster) who came to Oregon in 1859. The father was a pioneer blacksmith of Auburn, Oregon and later removed to Pocahontas where he remained until 1872 when he became a farmer in the Wingville district. He passed away on 29 Sep 1900, his wife having passed on 03 Feb 1876. - They were the parents of Ora Perry, wife of John G. Foster of Baker; Carrie Lee, wife of H.B. Kinnison; and Lilith Buford Ison, wife of John W. Allen of Portland.

Ison, Virgil
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Baker City on 01 December 1878 and was the son of L. and Josephine (Cates) - the father had been identified with the mining interests in this vicinity and was a circuit court judge at the time of his death, having left a valuable estate to his widow and two children: Edna, who was the wife of Dr. A MacDougall, assistant manager of the Antlers hotel, the leading hostelry belonging to the Ison estate; and Virgil, the subject of the sketch.

Virgil attended public school in Baker City, later the Portland Academy and choosing medicine as his vocation, matriculated in the medical department of Columbia College in New York City, graduating from that institution in 1904 and returning to Baker City where he opened an office of general practice.

In 1906 he was united in marriage with Miss Mary M. Haradan, a daughter of F.F. Harandan and to them were born at least three sons: Frank S., who was born on 10 Dec 1907; Luther B. (deceased); and Jean Victor who was born 18 Mar 1912.

Jones, Stephen D.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Once owner of the Hotel Richland, he was born 14 Sep 1862 in Boone county, Arkansas and was the son of Stephen and Jane, natives of Kentucky and Arkansas respectively. In 1877 they emigrated to Boise Idaho, crossing the plains with ox teams and having both passed away n Weiser, Idaho - parents of seven children, five of whom were survived at the time of this writing.

Stephen remained home with his parents until the age of twenty-one and then engaged in farming in Idaho. He bought land in Baker county, which after some time he exchanged for the hotel in Richland which he continued to operate.

He was twice married, his first wife being Miss Bertha Cochran, by whom he had one son, Walter, and who met an accidental death in California in 1889. In that year he was married again to Miss Laura A. Gray, a native of Boise, Idaho and a daughter of James P. and Clara E, who were residents of Weiser, Idaho. They were the parents of: Clara E., who was born 13 Sep 1892 and died 02 Mar 1894; Maud; Myrtle and Anna L. Jones.

Laidy, John Maldon
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 2

Born in Clarke county, Washington on 25 Sep 1864, he was the son of Joseph and Nancy Caroline (Milton). The father was a native of Georgia and the mother's birth occurred in eastern Tennesse on 11 Mar 1820. They couple was married in Missouri and were the parents of two children, the elder being Tennesse Nevada, now the deceased wife of Dr. Taft. By a former marriage, the father had three daughters: Mrs. Jamie Jamieson of Vancouver, WA; Mrs. Ann Elizabeth Parker; and Mrs. Candace Files - both deceased at the time of this writing.

In 1853 Joseph Laidy came with his family traveling with an ox team from Bates county, Missouri to Clarke county Washington where he secured a donation land claim twelve miles east and north of Vancouver. There he resided until 1856, the family left their claim and sought safety at Fort Vancouver. While there, the father became ill and passed away in the fort on 14 Apr 1856 at the age of forty-seven. The mother afterward settled in Washington county, Oregon where she became the wife of W.C. Rugh, there residing until about 1864 when they removed to Umatilla county. In 1869 the family came to Baker county and settled five miles west of Baker City where they lived until about 1882, when they took up their abode in the county seat. There the mother died in October 1906. The two children of her second marriage were: Mrs. A.A. Deally of Baker, and Abra May, deceased.

John Laidy remained in Baker City and resided at No. 2805 Washington Avenue and also owned one hundred and sixty acres of land twelve miles east of Baker, half interest in the Intermountain mine which was a well developed quartz property of which a considerable amount of gold had been taken, and he also owned a business block in Baker and a number of dwellings which he rented, his realty possessions contributing largely to his annual income.

He was married in Pendelton, Oregon on 20 May 1890 to Miss Ella B. Grey, who was born in Bentonville, Arkansas on 25 Nov 1858. She had come to the coast with her parents and lived in California before coming to Oregon.

Littlefield, David S.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

One of a company of five men who first discovered gold in paying quantities in Baker county, he was born 27 September 1829 in Waldo, Maine and was the son of Rufus and Sarah (Batchelder). The father was born 25 Dec 1801 and for a livelihood followed farming until the close of his life, in 1886, at the age of nearly eighty-five years. The mother was born 16 June 1796 and passed from this life on 15 Feb 1883. To them were born eleven children.

David was reared in his parents' home and received his early education in public schools. As a young man he was employed as a sailor on freighting vessels plying between the coast of Maine and West Indies, the exports being lumber, which was exchanged for sugar and molasses with which the ship was loaded and returned to the United States. In 1850 he crossed the Isthmus of Panama and settled in San Francisco, later joining his brother in the mining business at Moquelme Hill, California where he remained for nine years. - After living in Portland, he went to Baker county and engaged in prospecting and discovered gold four miles southwest of Baker City, and subsequently was one of a company of miners who presented a petition to Governor Gibbs to set aside a county in the state to be named in honor of Colonel E.D. Baker.

He was united in marriage on 13 Dec 1871 to Mrs. Mary Ann (Nutman) Parkinson, a daughter of of George and Ann Nutman in whose family were eight children. Mrs. Littllefield was a native of England and with her first husband emigrated to America in 1859, the ship they sailed on having become disabled shortly after leaving port and was compelled to return to Liverpool, where they remained for one month before sailing again. After a seven week's voyage, they reached the shores of the new world and first settled in St. Louis, but later removed to Nebraska from which place Mr. Parkinson with his wife and two children started they journey across the plains en route to Oregon. After having nearly completed their pilgrimage the father died as they were crossing the plains and was buried at the mouth of the Malheur river. One of the children of the family died sometime later and the surviving son, John Parkinson, married Marie Moody and later resided in Portland.

Mr. and Mrs. Littlefield were the the parents of three children: Rufus who resided on a ranch near Auburn and married Emma Miller; Eva the wife of Oliver Holloway of Seattle, Washington; and Grace who married W.D. Holloway of Baker City.

Lloyd, William W.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

Born in Adair county Wisconsin on 05 April 1866, he was a son of Granville and Rebecca (West) who were farming people and natives of Virginia. For many years they were residents of Wisconsin where the father died in 1872. The mother remained there until 1876 at which time she started for Oregon traveling by rail to Kelton on the Union Pacific Railroad and thence by horse team to Alubria valley on the Weiser river in Idaho. She then proceeded by pack trains to Brownlee Ferry on the Snake River and arrived there July 2nd of 1876. After two months spent there with her brother, she went to Pine Valley in Baker county and located on a homestead of one hundred and sixty acres on which half of the town of Halfway would later stand. After residing there for about twenty years, she sold her land to her son William and removed to Richland where she made her home until her death on the 18th of January 1910, having died in Boise, Idaho while spending the winter with her niece, Mrs. Ollie Packenham. Mr. and Mrs. Granville Lloyd were the parents of: Luther M. who married May Rose Tartar in 1883; Augusta Virginia who was born in 1862 and married O.F. Steen of Cornucopia in 1896; Isaac M. born March of 1865 who married in 1885 Minnie E. Mills; William W.; Bessie M. who was born in 1868 and married Henry Clark in 1887; and Susie E. who was born in 1870 and married A.W. Parker in 1889.

William was educated in pay schools of Pine Valley and Sparta but did not attend school altogether for more than twelve months in his life as it was necessary for him to assist his widowed mother at home. As a grown man he raised hogs and followed freighting from Baker to the Cornucopia mines from six to seven years prior to 1906 and was one of the incorporators of the American State Bank of Halfway which opened in 1910.

He married Miss Esther M. Mills, on 30 June 1889, the daughter of James Mills, a farmer who belonged to one of the pioneer families of Colorado. He came to Oregon about 1880 and to Pine Valley in about 1883. Unto him and his wife were born four sons and four daughters including Minnie, the wife of I. M. Lloyd, a brother of William.

William and Esther became the parents of three daughters. Maud, born 16 August 1890, wife of Frank Cornwell of Baker; Nora, born 29 January 1893 and wife of E.G. Hallay of Halfway; and Cecil Sylvia who was born 24 Aug 1895.

Lockhart, William W.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

Born in Ashland county, Ohio in about 1842, his paternal side of the family is of Scotish ancestry, his grandfather having come to America. His father, David Lockhart, was born in Pennsylvania and became an early settler of Ohio where he followed farming between 1820 and 1830. In that state he married Miss Fleming who died when her son William was very young. The family had numbered nine children, four sons and five daughters. One of the sons, Hiram James, served in the Civil war as a member of the Ohio infantry regiment and died in Ontario, Oregon in about 1884. The eldest brother, David, died before the birth of William; and one other brother, John Lockhart, lived in Ohio. The eldest sister, Malona, also died before the birth of William and the next sister, Marie Mahola passed away about the time he was born. The third sister, Martha, died while he was in the army in about 1863, and Mary married in Colorado but passed away in Jacksonville, Oregon. The youngest sister, Matilda Jane was in San Francisco at the time of the earthquake and no word was heard of her since leaving the family to believe she lost her life there in the disaster. (Note: Date of earthquake 18 April 1906)

William had a very meager education but while in the army learned to read and write and later took up the study of arithmetic while freighting in Colorado. His first business was driving an ox team across the plains in company with his brother who died in Ontario. He afterward engaged in the maufacture of cheese in Boulder county, Colorado in connection with a man by the name of Barkley, this being about 1867. They also joined forces with a Mr. Douglas and did well until a large band of Comanche Indians made a raid on their neighbors and drove serveral head of horses away. Mr. Lockhart went in pursuit of the Indians with twenty-six other men and on one occasion had a fight with a band of warriors who wounded two of their men and shot seventeen of the horses, thus dismounting nearly all the party. The white men then retreated to Colorado City, glad to escape their lives, but another summer's work was lost. Following this period, he drove freight teams and in the spring sold his cows and ponies and started off for California going by rail to Salt Lake City, thence by state to White Pine and later over the Central Pacific Railroad to Sacramento City. At Stockton, he met his two sisters who, while he was in the army, had crossed the plains with their uncle, Peter Johnson.

For almost two years he remained in Stockton and in the San Joaquin valley where he engaged in grain farming, but the drought utterly ruined his crop and all he had remaining was a six horse team and a wagon. About 1872 he came to Oregon and for a year engaged in making cheese on the Hadley ranch in Lane county, and that summer took up a land claim, but because of the outbreak of hostilities with the Joseph tribe of Indians he never filed the claim. He eventually came to Baker county and purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land on Powder River at what became known as Lockhart station on the Sumpter Valley Railroad.

In June of 1862 he had enlisted in the Union army as a member of Company I, fifty-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry and remained with them for three years, having participated in the battles of Perryville, Bowling Green, Nashville, Stone River, Chickamauga, Tannehill, Buzzards Roost, New Hope Church, Kenesaw, Resaca, Dalton, Rome and Peach Tree Creek. Near Atlanta he was taken prisoner and sent to Andersonville, Georgia whence he was transferred to the prison at Florence, South Carolina. After five months he was paroled and when Sherman's army reached Charleston, he rejoined his regiment and remained with them until he was mustered out at Washington D.C. at the close of the war. He was discharged at Columbus, Ohio. His other military experiences included service as a scout in the Bannock Indian war in Oregon in 1877-78 under Major General O.O. Howard.

He was married at Stockton, California in about 1872 to Miss Alice Chase, a daughter of Chance Chase. With her mother and brother she went from Iowa to California at an early day. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Lockhart have been born several children: John Oliver who lived at Bandon, Oregon and married Miss Sweeton; Archie who died in Malheur county Oregon in about 1878 at about the age of five; Almer who died in Sumpter Valley in 1911 at about age thirty three; Thomas Guy who married Miss Laura Cooley and after her death Pearl Dean; Frank James; Mame Lily who married Bert Jenkins and lived at Oaks Bar, California; and Edith who died in early childhood in about 1891.

Longfellow, Norman C.
Condensed & Extracted from The Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1911; Vol. 3

Born on the Pacific Ocean on 02 November 1864, he was the son of Abraham and Kate (O'Neil). the father had been born and reared in Palermo, Maine but in his early manhood went to Australia in search of gold. He prospected there with considerable success and had a most promising future when his life was ended in an accident. In 1870 while working in a placer mine, the bank caved in and buried him beneath the debris. Sometime previous to that he had married Miss Kate O'Neil, who was born and reared in Belfast, Ireland and came to Australia with a party of friends. In the early years of their domestic life they had made a journey to the United States to visit his people and some of her friends, and on the return journey to Australia, their son Norman was born. - Following the death of her husband, Mrs. Kate Longfellow came to the United States and settled in Maine with her six children near her husband's kin. She managed to keep the family together until her funds were exhausted at which time she gave the children out to neighbors to be reared. She lived her last years in Boston, Massachusetts where she died in 1902.

As a lad of six, Norman was placed in the home of George Bawler who was a farmer in the vicinity of Liberty, Maine. While not unkind to the young lad, the wife was most abusive in her treatment and after four years, he ran away to Augusta, Maine. Although only ten years of age, he found employment as a utility boy in a drug store and remained employed there for about five years. During that time, his mother had made a trip to Montana and had returned to tell her son of the many opportunities she thought might be had for him; and in 1880 he removed to Butte, Montana and lived there for six or seven years. Part of the time he was there, he was in the employ of Knapton Brothers, prominent sheep men who removed to Oregon and subsequently sent him to Idaho where they were also ranging sheep. - For a short time, he owned his own sheep and then sold them and went to work for Evans & Bluett, well known sheep men of Oregon, but remained in their employ only a short time, going then to Wallowa county where he engaged in sheep raising for himself. He acquired about twenty-five hundred acres of land in the Wallowa valley and had about twelve thousand sheep. He was also the owner of one of the finest residences of Joseph.

He was married on 28 December 1898 to Miss Grace Barnard, daughter of Dr. J.W., who was a well-known physician and druggist of Joseph.

Updated 04 Jun 2013
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