Ralph(Lord Of Manor Shevington) De Standish 1 2 3
- Born: Abt 1160, Standish, Lancaster, England 3
- Marriage: (1): Juliana
- Marriage: (2): Julianna Fulton 1192, England
- Died: , about age 59 3
With the marriage of Radulphus and Juliana, whose dowry gave them land and a name, we must say that the Standish family had begun. Ownership of land brings legal documents or deeds and now, from the beginning of the thirteenth century, the story of the Standish family can be followed.
One such deed records that in about year 1202 Siwardus de Dokesbury (Duxbury) and Hugh, his brother, granted some land in Burgh, near Chorley, to Radulphus de Stanedis, for which he paid a rent of two shillings. This amount was far different from modern values.
In the year 1206 Radulphus de Stanedis and Siward de Longetre made an agreement concerning the partition of the manors of Standish and Langtree and of the advowson of the church of Standish. The advowson apparently belonged to the manors jointly. (An advowson is the right of presentation or recommendation of a clergyman to a benefice in the church.) By this agreement Radulphus retained the ploughlands of Standish, 'common of wood and other easements' (i.e. use of wood and other land not one's own) and sixteen acres of 'assarted' land (i.e. cleared forest) on the south side of the church of Standish. In addition the two brothers-in-law divided the advowson between them and agreed to present new Rectors to the benefice of Standish alternately when vacancies occurred. It appears that the Rector of Standish at that date was the father of Radulphus and was named Leising.
The Standish name appears in further legal documents of the thirteenth century. In 1212 Thurstan Banastre held the land of the manors of Standish and Langtree as a 'mesne' (i.e. an intermediate tenancy) between the Baron of Penwortham and the immediate tenants who had now taken the names of Stanedis and Longetre. Thurstan Banastre held by the service or provision of one soar hawk (i.e. a hawk in it's first year). The Bussels of Penwortham transferred the Barony to Roger, Constable of Chester; and one deed shows that they offered the sum of one mark for an enquiry as to whether Radulphus de Stanedis was indicting them for larceny wrongfully, and by hatred and malice, or because he thought they were guilty. The Justiciar was to be informed as to the result of this enquiry, when Curia Regis (a feudal assembly of tenants-in-chief) would decide the case in lieu of the Court. Radulphus offered one mark for license to agree to this. Later the Bussel family bought a suit for slander against Radulphus.
The names of Radulpus de Stanedis and Siwardus de Longetre frequently appear together in these legal documents, as in one concerning the church at Flixton which has the words: "HNV tauers Rad. de Stanedis". A grant by Hugh Bussel, baron of Penwortham to Richard, son of Ughtred of North Meols, was witnessed by both men.
Spelling of names in the Middle Ages was often a matter of individual preference, and from the various deeds and from cases listed in the Calendars of Pleadings etc. we find that Standish was spelt in many different ways. The following is a selection of some of the variations: Stanedis, Stanidis, Standich, Stanedifshe, Stanedyfshe, Standifshe, Standyfshe, Stanedisse, Stanedich, Stanedisse, Stanedysshe, Standysche, Standifsh, and Stannedys, while Langtree is spelt Longetre, Longtre, Langtre, Langetre, Longere and Longeree. Theories as to how the names arose are also many and varied, but one of the most popular concerning Standish seems to be that it derives from 'stane' meaning stone in early English and 'dis' - lower regions, or 'disch' - a plate. One of the earliest seals depicts three tun dishes.
A deed of the early thirteenth century, but not dated, relates to the sale of land by Roger de Marashey or Marsey. It names the localities adjoining and including Standish in the forms Fanedisch (Standish), Longeree (Langtree), Sevington (Shevington), Chernoc (Charnock), Hedchernoc (Heath Charnock), Dokesbury (Duxbury) and Adelvington (Adlington). These were sold to Randle de Blundeville, Earl of Chester, who in the 13th year of the reign of Henry III (1228/9) received confirmation of his right to these lands and all other posessions between the Mersey and the Ribble.
Radulphus de Stanedis died in either 1219 or 1220 and should have been succeeded by his son Richard, but his younger son, Alexander, who by that time had become Rector of Standish, almost immediately succeeded him in the manor.
Ralph(Lord married Juliana.
Ralph(Lord also married Julianna Fulton, daughter of Robert De Fulton and Unknown, in 1192 in England. (Julianna Fulton was born in 1170 in Standish, Lancaster, England 3.)