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Life in the Parish

West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser - St. Austell Snippets

(Julia Mosman, OPC)

Jan 29, 1836

Mr. John William Colenso, who has gained the high honour of second Wrangler at Cambridge, is the son of Mr. Colenso, of St. Austell, and is a native of that town.

CAUTION - On Friday last a gang of thieves consisting of two men and two females arrived at St. Austle(sic), the women came in a van from St. Columb. They soon commenced visiting several shops in which the women took by far the most active part. Their plan of procedure appears to have been to enquire after a trifling article, and whilst the shopkeeper was engaged in serving, to convey beneath their dress whatever they could lay their hands on. In this manner the women obtained possession of some Lutestring from the shop of Mr. J. Peters, and two whole pieces of Merino from the shop of Mr. W. D. Dodge, Drapers, St. Austle. It is supposed as the robbers visited nearly all the principal shops in St. Austle, many of them more than once during the day that they obtained more goods than those we have mentioned. One of the men wore a Fustian frock coat and trowsers; corderey(sic) breeches and boots with kerseymere tops. Each of the women had on a large cloak, one of them had a velvet, and the other a taacam (?) bonnet. As it is probable they are still in the county, we trust this descriptoon will prevent their committing further depredation, and lead eventually to their detection.

5 February 1836

St. Austell - On Monday last, the labourers in the different clay-works in the parish of St. Austell, "struck" for an advance of wages, and to obtain their end, they entered the town en masse, in order to expostulate with the proprietors on their present depressed state.  They were listened to with patience, and we are happy to say their request was cheerfully acceded to.  It is but justice to add that the men behaved in the most orderly manner.

12 February 1836

United States of America - For New York,


Now lying at Falmouth, will sail from that Port for NEW YORK, on WEDNESDAY the 16th of March (weather permitting). The Adelaide is well adapted for affording comfort and convenience to Passengers, being about six feet high between decks; and the extraordinary quick and regular voyages made by her across the Atlantic hitherto, are a convincing proof of the superior sailing qualities of this Vessel. This offers an excellent opportunity for persons wishing to settle at or near "Mineral Point" or in any part of the other "States" in America, as well as for persons emigrating to either of the "Canadas"; and by accounts just received from New York, it appears that in consequence of the very destructive fire that has lately taken place there, Tradesmen of all description are In great demand, and that wages are rapidly advancing.

For terms, for freight or passage, and other particulars, apply to Mr. JOSEPH VIVIAN, Roseworthy, near Camborne, or to Mr. JOSPEH VIVIAN, Jun., Falmouth. Families may be accommodated with separate Cabins if preferred.

19 February, 1836

EMIGRATION - To Van Diemen's Land - The splendid first class ship AMELIA THOMPSON, of 477 tons, fitted up under the direction of the EMIGRATION COMMITTEE, will sail from the Thames for Van Dieman's Land of the 28th of April. - SINGLE FEMALES, from 15 to 30 years of age, when approved by the Committee, will be allowed a free passage.  Married Agriculturalists and Mechanics, of steady character, will be conveyed in this Ship under very moderate terms, being in great demand in the above Colony.  All particulars will be furnished, on application to Mr. John Marshall, Agent to the Emigration Committee, 26 Birchin Lane, Cornhill, Launceston; under cover, addressed "To the Under Secretary of State, Colonial Department, London".

Feb. 26, 1836
The New Baronets - In the list of new Baronets, we see the name of Joseph Sawle Graves Sawle, Esq. of Penrice, in this county, and of Barley, in the
county of Devon. It is very remarkable that this gentleman has had a great uncle, two uncles, a cousin, and a father, all Admirals in the British Service.

8 April 1836

Advertisement - The Trustees of the St. Austell Wesleyan Chapel, and Thomas Pope Rosevear, Esq.

At a Public Meeting, held at St. Austell by Dr. Warren and Mr. Eckert, on the 10th of March, 1836, an observation was made by Mr. Rosevear, the Chairman, tending to convey the impression that the Trustees of the above-named Chapel had failed to discharge a debt due from them to him for the Slate with which the Chapel is covered. Having been informed that a similar remark was subsequently made by Mr. Rosevear at another public Meeting, they communicated with him on the subject, hoping that he would, on re-consideration, either acknowledge the unfairness of his statement or so modify it as to free the Trustees from blame. Mr. Rosevear's reply being unsatisfactory, the Trustees deem it due to their own character to give publicity to the following facts, to shew the utter groundlessness of such an imputation concerning them.

1 - The St. Austell Wesleyan Chapel was built by contract in 1827-8, and the contractor paid in full for the entire Building.
2 - The Trustees were neither directly nor indirectly parties to any negotiation or agreement between the contractor and Mr. Rosevear.
3 - Until the Meetings alluded to, at which the objectionable statement was made, no claim, or even the intimation of a claim upon the Trustees was made by Mr. Rosevear, or by any one on his behalf.
4 - Some time after the completion of the Chapel, the contractor having compounded with his creditors, Mr. Rosevear presented his claim on the contractor's estate, as a creditor, and received therefrom the full composition.

Signed on behalf of the Trustees,
JACOB H. DREW, Secretary - St. Austell,
April 6, 1836

6 May 1836
Extraordinary Fecundity - A cow, the property of Mr. George Yelland, of Brannel, in the parish of St. Stephens, has had four calves within twelve months - two bulls in April, 1835, and two heifers in April last. The whole are doing well.

Mining News - WHEAL GEORGE -  This mine, which is situated on the estate of Hallivick, in St. Stephens by St. Austell, bids fair to be as rich a Tin Mine as any in Cornwall.  Another very valuable lode has been neatly cut in the eastern part of the workings; the price of shares has, in consequence, considerably advanced, and at the next tin ticketing a quantity of ore of the very best quality, raised from Wheal George, will be offered for sale.  We congratulate the adventurers in this mine on the success which has attended their operations, as we are given to understand that in the five months the mine has been in course of working more than sufficient ore has been raised to pay all costs, and a dividend is in a short time, expected to be made.

May 13, 1836

St. Austell - The inhabitants of this town were highly gratified, on Monday evening last, with an elegant exhibition of fireworks in the street, by Mr. Gyngall the gentleman who made a tour through Cornwall, on a similar errand, some time since. ... Mr. G. has also been exhibiting an Hydro-oxygen microscope of large dimensions, and with this he is about to visit, we believe, the principal towns in the county. ...During the display on Monday, a person in the crowd had his pockets eased of about 3, by an unknown hand.

3 June, 1836

St. Austell - The annual wrestling took place at St. Austell, on Tuesday and Wednesday, in presence of a numerous concourse of spectators. The weather was exceedingly fine, and the play good. The prizes were awarded as follows - The first prize of 5 to R. Gundry, and the second of 3 to T. Gundry, both of Sithney; the third of 2 to Wm. Coon, and the fourth of 1 to Wm. Ward, both of St. Austell.

Hydrophobia - On Monday last, the inhabitants of St. Austell were thrown into considerable excitement by a report that several persons were bitten by a dog supposed to be in a rabid state.  The report was soon confirmed, and it was ascertained that three persons, several dogs, pigs &c were bitten.  To prevent a recurrence of so dreadful an evil, a public meeting was held in the market-house, on Tuesday morning.....resulting in resolutions requiring all person who have dogs to confine them, and to destroy them if supposed rabid.  A reward of 10s was offered for the destruction of the dog above referred to, and 2s 6d for any other which might be found at large after due notice of the passing of the resolutions.  To meet any expenses which might be incurred a subscription was immediately opened, and in the course of a few hours a large amount was raised for the purpose.  We trust that the example thus set will prompt other towns to follow, and by timely interference prevent the possibility of such dreadful accidents from occurring.

. . .


8 July, 1836


RUNAWAY APPRENTICE - Ran Away from his Master, WILLIAM VERCOE, Shoemaker, St. Austell, on the 21st ult, EDWARD SCANTLEBURY, his Apprentice, about 5 feet 8 inches high, fair complexion, light hair, and wore away a fustian suit of clothes. Whoever harbours or employs the said Apprentice, after this public notice, will be prosecuted. St. Austell, July 2, 1836

. . .

NEWS - Caution - At Tywardwreath fair last week, the light-fingered gentry attended in considerable force, and succeeded in easing the pockets of Mr. Walter Puckey, of Great Pinneck, in Fowey, of the sum of 6. We are sorry to add that the thief has not been detected.
. . .

7 OCTOBER 1836

Friendly Advice to Servants - Sometimes, perhaps (if you are the cook) you neglect having the loaves one under the other, and then you are obliged to cut new bread; or sometimes (still worse) you cut it up on purpose, because you like it best; and you use a quantity of butter with it.  We have known a very high professing servant make hot toast for the kitchen, and when it was forbidden, and try to hide it when her mistress came down stairs!  When nice things that are made for company pass through your hands, do you know it is wrong even to taste them, without you have leave given?  These little things are mentioned, because they lead you to greater; for we have heard of a servant who went into the pantry merely with the intention of eating something nice that was there, and was tempted when there to steal a piece of plate, which being afterwards found out, brought him to the gallows.  You are guilty of a breach of trust (and that is one sort of dishonesty), if you ever read letters which are accidentally left about.  We mention this because we have known it done by servants who were called Christians, who did not see what a sin it is to indulge vain curiosity, and try to pry into matters which did not concern them at all.  To waste your time, which in reality belongs to your master, is another breach of trust.  If you lie in bed in the morning, or are lazy at your work, you waste time and do not comply with orders.  You would not think of running into another person's house to do the work of the servants there; but you are just as wrong if you stand idly about, or do things for yourself whilst you ought to be getting on with your work. 

. . .


14 OCTOBER 1836

The Weather (including several postings from places throughout Cornwall) The whole of our Southern coast, having been visited by heavy gales of wind, with rain, for several nights past; and on Monday night, it blew a perfect Hurricane. Some of the fishing boats in Goran Haven are seriously injured - one completed knocked to pieces. The disaster was occasioned by the exceedingly high tide and surf.

Pentuan Mine is also very much damaged by the tide flowing up the level, into which the pumps discharge their contents. It carried away the launders, and choked the pumps, and all the hands on the works were obliged to fill in the level as soon as the mischief was discovered. The engine is again at work, but the pump, worked by a water-wheel, is still choked, and it is thought the culvert, by which the whole is drained, is filled in. If the disaster had not been noticed in time, no doubt the mine would have been completely filled.
. . .


St. Austell - Several meetings have lately been held in this town, for the purpose of removing either a part or the whole of the present market house. From the great number of wagons which daily pass through the town, it is almost a matter of surprise that accidents of a serious nature do not frequently occur. The narrowness of the street opposite the Golden Lion Inn has at length aroused the people of the town to active exertions, so that at a public vestry held on Tuesday last, it was resolved to remove a part of the market house, at the spot where we have named. By this step the street will be widened about seven feet, which will be a decided improvement, not only as to appearance, but also to the comfort and convenience of the inhabitants generally. We understand the alteration is to commence in a few days.
. . .
21 October

St. AUSTELL AND LOSTWITHIEL TURNPIKE - Notice is hereby given that the TOLLS arising at the several TOLL GATES upon the TURNPIKE ROAD leading from the Eastern end of the Borough of Grampound to the Eastern end of the Western Taphouse Lane, will be LET by AUCTION, to the best Bidders, for one Year, from the first day of January next, inclusive, at the several places and times hereunder mentioned.  That is to say, Teage's Gate, and St. Blazey Gate, and St. Blazey side Gate, at the Market House in St. Austell, on Saturday, the 12th  day of November .... and Pelyn Gate and Bar at No Man's Land, and West Taphouse Gate and Bar at Bowling Green Lane End, at the Guildhall, Lostwithiel, on Monday the 14th day of November next.   ....  which Tolls produced the last year, above the expenses of collecting them, the several sums hereunder mentioned, and will be put up at the like sums, viz:

- Teage's Gate - 270  5
- St. Blazey Gate and St. B. side Gate - 396  5
- Pelyn Gate and Bar at No Man's Land - 173  0
- West Taphouse Gate and Bar at Bowling Green Lane End  217  0

Whoever happen to be the best Bidders, must at the same time pay one Month's Rent, and find Sureties to the satisfaction of the Trustees for payment of every succeeding Month's Rent in advance. N.B. No Gate-Keeper in arrears on the said Rent will be allowed to bid. PHILIP WHEELER, Clerk to the Trustees of the said Turnpike Road, Dated 12th October, 1836
. . .

JOSEPH ADY  AGAIN! - The following letter has lately been received by the Overseer of St. Austell, from the above named individual.  It is needless to say it was not thought worthy of an answer.

"To the inhabitants of the parish of St. Austell, GENTLEMEN -
he undersigned is able to inform you of something new,
which if
you attend thereto, will be of immediate benefit to your parish, and ultimately of incalculable advantage for ever.  Will communicate particulars on receipt of twenty shillings for my trouble, by post office order, or otherwise.  Respectfully,  JOSEPH ADY, Accountant, No. 7, York-Street, Commercial-road, near Charlotte-street, Whitechapel-road, London"

Whether Joseph considered the folks of St. Austell had never heard of him, or whether he thought that they had forgotten him, we know not; but he certainly ought to have been aware, that his name is too familiar, even in Cornwall, for him ever to practice his swindling schemes with success in that quarter.  As the above letter is lithographed, it is likely that Joseph is about to commence a new crusade; and, it may not, therefore, be amiss to caution the public against him, and to inform them that "Joseph is yet alive".

. . .


Caution - We understand that Mr. F. James, of Trevollans, in Probus, has been summoned by the Rev. F. Webber, for leaving a horse and cart without a driver on the road, near Tresillian bridge, but an apology having been tendered, and the expenses paid, the case was not brought before the magistrates.  We hope this may be a caution to drivers of carts, who are frequently to be met riding on their shafts, and often some distance from their teams, to the great inconvenience of the public.

. . .

16 DECEMBER 1836

New Road from St. Austell to Bodmin [condensed somewhat]

On Saturday last, a meeting of the trustees of the St. Austell and Lostwithiel Turnpike-road was held in the Market-house at St. Austell, and was attended by Sir J. S. G. Sawle, Bart, J. H. Tremayne, Esq., Edward Coode, Esq., and the Rev. T. S. Smyth.  Several Gentlemen also were present, subscribers to the new line of road, and for which an Act of Parliament was obtained during the last session.  An interesting discussion ensued as to the propriety &c, of its immediate commencement, as it appears from the Surveyor's estimate 1,000 will be required to complete it, of which 2,000 has been given by public subscription.  The two principal landholders on the line, Sir J. S. G. Sawle, Bart., and J. H. Tremayne, Esq. have each handsomely come forward with 300, and the public generally have subscribed very liberally.

The great importance to the County of this new cross Turnpike is, perhaps, not generally appreciated. ...When the new Assize-Halls are completed at Bodmin, the whole of the County judicial business will be transacted at that town. ... The communication East and West, since the splendid improvements on the
Truro and Liskeard Trusts have been (or will be) executed, are excellent.  This, however, does not apply to the South, embracing an important section of the County, and comprehending a population of from 20 to 30,000.

The present Turnpike through St. Blazey... is excessively hilly, and the direct route an execrable one, and positively dangerous for vehicles at night. ...the populous parish of St. Austell (population 10,000) with the fertile farming and maritime parishes of St. Ewe, Mevagissey, Gorran, and Veryan will be principally benefited.   Several thousand acres of unenclosed land may be reclaimed when an easy carriage of lime and other manure from the coast can be obtained.  This applies to the parishes of St. Austell, Roche, St. Wenn, and St. Columb Major.   Heavy articles of coal, timber, castings, &c are also required for the numerous mines in this extensive mineral district, which are now carried over miserable roads.  The China Clay and Stone trade of this neighbourhood has, within the last quarter of a century, assumed a comparative degree of county importance, from 20 to 30,000 tons of these articles are annually now exported from Charlestown and Pentuan to the Staffordshire, Welsh, French, and Belgian potteries. ....From a correspondent.
. . .

Coach Accident - On Monday last, as the Packet coach, which runs between Devonport and Falmouth, was crossing a place called the Watering, near St. Austell, the axle of one of the fore-wheels broke, by which means the coach was upset; but although there were eight passengers on the coach at the time, they fortunately escaped unhurt. No blame whatever is attributable to any one, the misfortune being purely accidental.

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