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ST. AUSTELL AREA
GENEALOGY

PROTESTATION RETURNS
J. Mosman, Fran Aitken, and Dave Stick, OPCs

St. Austell, St. Ewe, Tywardreath

A national protest aimed at Charles I was organised by Parliament; on 3rd May 1641, it was decreed that members of the House of Commons should make a protestation against "all Popery and Popish Innovations". In January 1641/42, it was recommended that Sheriffs, Mayors and others should also sign, then that all male residents of the country over the age of 18 should declare their "protestation" as well.

Therefore, in March every citizen, in the presence of two Parish notables (selected from the Ministers, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor), gathered together to sign a declaration of belief in the Protestant Religion, Allegiance to the King and support for the Rights and Privileges of Parliament. Any person who refused to do so was decreed not be fit to hold office in the Church or Commonwealth. A record of names was kept of those refusing to make their protestation.

The document read as follows:

I, _______ do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to
maintain and defend, as far as lawfully I may, with my Life, Power and
Estate, the true Reformed Protestant Religion, expressed in the Doctrine of
the Church of England against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this
Realm, contrary to the same Doctrine, and accord to the duty of my
Allegiance, His Majesty's Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as also to the
Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the
subjects, and every person making this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall
do in the Pursuance of the same, and to my power, and as far as lawfully I
may, I will oppose by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign
Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, or Practice, Counsels, Plots,
Conspiracies, or otherwise, do any Thing to the contrary of any Thing in
this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just
and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the
Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Fear,
nor other Respect, shall relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation.

The Protestation Returns are described in an article by L.W. Lawson Edwards in Gen. Mag. Vol. 19 No. 3 (Sep 1977) as the nearest we have, for England, to a male adult census prior to 1841. The places for which Returns survive are listed in Protestation Returns 1641-1642 and Other Contemporary Listings by Jeremy Gibson and Allan Dell, FFHS.

ST. AUSTELL

St. Austell Parish officials sent a message to Parliament that all persons required to sign the Petition had done so. To wit:

4th day of March, 1641

To the right honourable the house of Commons now assembled in Parliament. These are to certify that the Protestation decreed by the lawful authoritye of the aforesaid howse of Commons was by the parishioners and inhabitants with a general and free consent on the 8th day of June last taken and acknowledged before us the Minister Churchwardens and Constables of the said parish. And there is not any person within the said parish (required to express that duty) that hath refused the said protestation which is witnessed by the subscription of their several names and markes under their own hands to a schedule annexed to a printed copye of the said protestation which remaineth with us to be shewn whenever it shall be required; and Soe take our leaves Resting.

Josephus Maye          Vicar
John Honny + (his mark)
John Oppy                  Churchwardens
Walter Hodge
George Rescorla
Tristram Carlyan
Richard Paskowe       Constables

No record exists of the signing, nor is such a document recorded, for St. Austell.

___________________________________________________________________________________

ST. EWE PARISH transcribed by Fran Aitkens, OPC
The following is an alphabetized list of men over age 18 who signed the Protestation Returns in about Mar 1641/42 (a total of 196 men).

Note: SURNAME, followed by first name. Grouping them by family name does not necessarily imply a relationship. And order of first names does not signify age order (except where noted "senior" and "junior").

AGOS, Augustine; AGOS, Michaell
ANDRA, Walter
AVENT, Andrew
BATE, Thomas
BATTEN, Richard
BENNALLACK, Malachy; BENNALLACK, Sampson
BENNETT, John; BENNETT, Nathanyell; BENNETT, Richard; BENNETT, Thomas
BLAKE, Andrew; BLAKE, Petherick
BLARRICK, John
BROADE (Parish Constable), John; BROADE, William
BUCKENGAME, Thomas
BURLACE, Stephen; BURLACE, Uryn
BURT, Barthollomew
CAME , Richard
CARKEETE, William
CHAMPION, Richard
CLOAKE, Thomas
COCKE, Lewes; COCKE, Michaell; COTK (COCK), Tristrom
CRESTE, Stephen
CROCKER, Laurence
CRUST (or CRUFT), William
CUNDY, Oliver
DINGLE, Alexander
DOCTONE, Richard
DONE (or DOVE), Gyles
DWEANE, Thomas
DYER, John
DYNGLE, Effenacion
EDMONDS, Ralf;
EDWARDS, John; EDWARDS, Richard
FORDE, Richard
FOWLER (refused), William
FYNE, Lewes
GARLAND, Georg
GATCH, Georg
GENNENS, William
HALL, Thomas
HAMBE (or HAMLIE), Robt; HAMBLY, John; HAMBLYE, Richard
HANCOCK, Richard
HARRIES, Urien
HARRIS, Edward; HARRIS, Thomas; HARRIS, Willm; HARRIS , Richard jun
HAWKINS, Georg
HEARELL, Nicholas
HENDRA, Robert
HENNOD, Thomas
HENWOOD, John
HICKES, John
HOCKINS, William
HODGE, John
HOYTEN, Robert; HOYTEN, Samson
HUNT, William
HUSBAND, Robart
JACOB, Willm
JAMES, Bartholomew; JAMES, Mathew; JAMES, Richard; JAMS [sic], William
JENNINGS, Thomas
JOHN, Paule; JOHN, William
JORDON, Michaell; JORDAN, Michaell jun; JORDAN, Thomas sen; JORDON, Thomas
KELLY, Thomas
KNEEBONE, Richard
KNYGHT, Robert
LANGMAN, Hughe; LANGMAN, Sylvester
LANVER, Stephen
LARKE, Edward; LARKE, Richard; LARKE, Thomas
LAWRENCE, Walter
LUKE, Edward
LUNEY, Roger
MANDER, Thomas; MANDER, William
MARKE, Robert
MATHEW, Jeram; MATHEW, Peter
MAYE, Oliver; MAYE (Curate), Ralph
MENWYNICKE, Lewes
MERRATT, Jeram
MERRIN, John
MEWDEN, Anthony
MORRICE, Hugh; MORRICE, Hugh
MUDEN , Hugh sen; MUDEN, Hughe
MUDEN, Richard
MUDEN, William; MUDEN , William jun; MUDEN , William jun
NANCAROW, Edward
NICHOLLS, Stephen
PARR, Hugh
PARROW, John; PARROW, Oliver; PARROW, Renold; PARROW, Waren
PASKOW, Larence
PENSTRASA, Richard
PETERS, Nicholas
PITT, John
PLYNTE (overseer), Henrye
POLGREENE, William
POMEROY, Gregory
RANDALLE, John
RANDELL, Anthony; RANDELL, Sampson
RANDELL alias OUNTER , John sen; RANDELL alias OUNTER , John jun
RANDLE, Stephen; RANDLE, William
RAYLE, John; RAYLE, Richard; REALE, Michaell
RICKARD, Tristram
ROBERTS, Fardynando
ROBYNS, John; ROBINES , John jun; ROBINS, Stephen; ROBINS, Stephen
RUNDLE, John; RUNDLE, Thomas; RUNDLE, Thomas; RUNDLE, William
RUNDLE alias JAGOW, Thomas
SANDERS, John; SANDERS, Richard; SANDERS, Richard
SANDYE, Humphrye
SARGEANT, Willm
SCYMONDS, John
SCYMONS, John
SMYTHE, Stephen; SMYTHE, William
SPARNELL, Richard
STEPHENS, Ellys; STEPHENS, John; STEPHENS, Willm
SYLLICKE, William
TRELEVEN, Henry
TREMAYNE, John; TREMAYNE, Lewes; TREMAYNE, Philip;
TREMAYNE (gent, refused), Oliver; TREMAYNE (refused), John (son of Oliver)
TREMEARE, William
TREVYTHICKE, John
TREWYN, John; TREWYN, John jun
TRIPCONY (ch-wardn), Theophilus
VARCOE, John; VERCOE, Thomas
VYGARS, Thomas
VYRCO, Edward
WADGE, John; WADGE, Uryn
WALLIS, John
WALTERS, Edward
WEAREN, Henery
WHITE, Richarde; WHITE, Thomas
WILLES, Urien
WILLIAMS, Edward; WILLIAMS, Henry; WILLIAMS, John; WILLIAMS, Robert; WILLIAMS, Thomas; WILLIAMS, Thomas jun
WISE, Edward; WISE, Hughe
WOOD, Edward
WROATH, William
WYSE ?, Tho.
YOUNGE, John

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TYWARDREATH

Surname Forename Mark Document Notes Transciber Notes
.... John . . .
..rout Jno. . . .
Abram Ralfe M . .
Abram Thomas M . .
Abram Wm M . .
Archard William M . .
Badcocke James . . from justice list
Badcocke Thomas M . .
Baker Degory . . .
Baker John . . .
Baker Ric M . .
Baker Richard . . .
Baker William M . .
Baker jun Will M . .
Baker sen Jno. M . .
Baker sen William M . .
Band Jno. M . .
Bawden Ric M . .
Bawden Thomas M . .
Bedlake Ric. M . .
Beere Walter . . .
Beere Wm M . .
Beere jun John M . .
Beere sen John . . .
Behenna Wm M . .
Bennett John M . .
Bersey sen Jno. M . .
Bersey sen Jno. M . .
Berzey William M . .
Bishop Henry M . .
Blake Charles . . .
Blake Ric. M . .
Boone John M . .
Bowden Davye . . .
Bowden John M . .
Bowden Tho M . .
Brenn Jno. M . .
Broad John . . .
Broad William M . .
Broade Richard . . .
Broade Walter M . .
Brod John . . .
Brokenshawe Frances . . .
Busvyne John M . .
Calomb William M . .
Ciocke Ric M . .
Clemens Jo . . John
Clemens Vin M . .
Clemens Walter M . .
Clemens William M Churchwarden from justice list
Clerke Walter M . .
Coale Nicholas M . .
Coale Nicolas M . .
Coale Peter M . .
Coale William M . .
Cocke John M . .
Cocke Thomas M . .
Colliver Bennet M . .
Colliver Charles M . .
Colliver John . . .
Colliver Peter M . .
Colliver Ric M . .
Collover Passcoe . . .
Collyver John . . .
Corne Peter M . .
Cornw Jno. M . .
Cortes Ambros . . .
Couch Antony M . .
Couch Jno. M . .
Couch Jno. M . .
Couch John M . .
Couch William . . .
Couch jun John M . .
Couch sen Jno. M . .
Coule Jno. M . .
Coule Ric. M . .
Cullombe Ambrose M . .
Cullum William . . .
Cullumb Jno. M . .
Cullumb William M . .
Cullumbe Pascow M . .
Cullumbe Wm M . .
Cullumbe jun Wm M . .
Curtes George M . .
Curtes Jno. M . .
Curtes Lazarus . . .
Curtes Tho. M . .
Curts Nicolas M . .
Davie Nicholas M . .
Davie Richard M . .
Davie Wm M . .
Davies Laurence . . .
Dire Jno. M . .
Dyer William M . .
Edwards Walter M . .
Fenton Robert M . .
Gattey Humfrye M . .
Gattey John M . .
Gattie Thomas M . .
Gattye David M . .
Hambly John M . .
Harris Walter M . .
Harrye John . . .
Hearle Jno. M . .
Hearle John M . .
Hearle Peter M . .
Hearle Walter . . .
Helman Ambrose M . .
Helman Ambrose M . .
Helman Jno. M . .
Helman Michell M . .
Helman Stephen . . .
Helman Stephen M . .
Hickes Gilbert M . .
Hickes Jno. M . .
Hickes John M . .
Hickes Walter M . .
Hickst John . . .
Hickst Regnoll . . .
Hickst Thomas . . .
Hobb Jno. M . .
Hobbe Walter M . .
Hoblin Thomas M . .
James Richard M . .
Jeffrey William M . .
Kempthorne Humfry M . .
Kendall Walter . . .
Kitow William . . .
Kittow John . . .
Kittow Paule M . .
Kittow Robert M . .
Kittow jun Wm M . .
Kytto Paul M . .
Kyttow Peter . . .
Lendon Ric M . .
Libbye Andrew M . .
Libbye Joseph M . .
Libbye Leonard M . .
Libbye Ric. M . .
Ludlam Jo. M . .
Ludlam Walter . . .
Ludlam William . . .
Luney Thomas . . .
Mabley Ric M . .
Martin Ric. M . .
Martyn Phillip M . .
Martyn William M . .
Martyne Edward M . .
May Jno. M . .
Maye Tristram M . .
Mohan Wm M . .
Mortemer Jno. M . .
Mynard John M . .
Mynard Walter M . .
Mynard William M . .
Mynerd Thomas M . .
Nickell Thomas . . .
Nowell John M . .
Nycolls Isaac ? Overseers from justice list
Olver Jno. M . .
Oppye Phillip M . .
Paule Edward . . .
Penhale John M . .
Penquite John M . .
Perry William . . .
Philpe Ric. M . .
Pomrye John M . .
Pomrye Thomas M . .
Pomrye William M . .
Pookey Walter M . .
Prior Walter M . .
Prout Robert M . .
Ranke Walter . or Rauke .
Robins John M . .
Robins William M . .
Seare John M . .
Seare Walter M . .
Simon Ric . Luxillian .
Skore Peter . . .
Smith William M . .
Smith jun Wm M . .
Stephens Robert M . .
Stephens Sampson M . .
Stookey Jno. M . .
Tallacke Frances . . .
Tallacke Jo. M . .
Tallacke Ric M . .
Tallacke Ric. M . .
Tom John . . .
Tom William M . .
Treshise John M . .
Trubodye Walter . Constable from justice list
Udie William M . .
Vanson Christopher . . .
Vanson John . . .
Vanson Walter . . .
Vanson Wm M . .
Vice Wm M . .
Vounder Jno. M . .
Webb Ric M . .
Webbe Nicolas M . .
Werdon Ric. M . .
Willes Thomas . . .
Williams Hugh M . .
Wilton Jno. M . .

 

 

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