The Avery Family
The Avery family in Staplehurst was headed by James Avery who migrated to Staplehurst sometime before 1799.
This document has been prepared with assistance of Bruce Avery of New Zealand.
One branch of the family, Thomas Avery, 3rd son of James, immigrated to New Zealand with his wife Elizabeth nee Dabson. Bruce has all the details of this branch. George, the 7th son of James, immigrated to Australia and we have contact with that branch of the family.
Bruce would be keen to hear from
any other descendents of the family. If you can provide any information to
assist please use the contact button to email me and I will pass to Bruce.
James Avery 1769/70 - 1815
James is said to be the son of John Avery and Mary Morris. John Avery was married to Mary Morris in Rolvenden on 18 November 1770. James was buried in Staplehurst on 03 September 1815 and was said to be 46 years old giving us a birth year of about 1769/70.
There is a marriage recorded in Staplehurst on 11 October
1795 of James Avery and Elizabeth Butcher of Loose. They married by license and
the license (dated 07 October 1795) states that James was a bachelor of
Staplehurst and his occupation is given as labourer. It seems probable that this
was a first marriage for James but I have not found a burial for Elizabeth so
there is uncertainty.
James and Ann had the following children:
There were a further 04 children who were all baptized at one time on 06 July 1823 which took place after the death of their father James.
James Avery was buried in Staplehurst on 03 September 1815
aged 46 years.
There is a burial in Staplehurst of Elizabeth Avery aged 56 on 17 April 1830. I have not been able to match this with the family line and suspect that it is an incorrect entry and is really Ann Avery, widow of James.
James Avery Kite 1799 - 1891
James Avery Kite was born 28 April 1799; the son of Ann Kite and James Avery. He was baptized in Staplehurst on 23 June 1799, the same day that his parents were married. His baptism record records the fact he was base born.
James married Sarah but no marriage record has been found to date. They probably married in 1819.
James and Sarah had the following children baptized in Staplehurst. In each case, James was said to be a labourer.
In the 1851 census, James and his family are living at Cross at Hand in Staplehurst.
In the 1861 census James is recorded as Avery Kite and is living at the Kings Head Inn, Boughton Malherbe.
In the 1871 census, James is recorded as Avery Kite and is living at the Kings Head Inn, Boughton Malherbe.
In the 1881 census, James is recorded as Avery Kite and is living at 4 Westbrook Place, Margate.
In the 1891 census, James is living with his son Abraham at the Wagon at Hale Public House in Waggon Lane Chatham.
Sarah Kite, the wife of James Avery Kite was buried in Staplehurst on 06 October 1862. She was 65 years old and said to be of Boughton Malherbe.
James married a second time in 1866 to
Sarah Joy. The marriage is registered in Maidstone in the 4th
quarter 1866. By 1891, James is a widower again.
James burial is recorded in the Medway register in the 4th quarter 1891. He was 92 years old.
John Avery 1800 - 1871
John Avery was born 24 June 1800 and baptized in Staplehurst on 20 July 1800, the son of James and Ann Avery. John was married to Elizabeth. The marriage has not yet been found but probably took place about 1826. From census information we know that Elizabeth was born in Biddenden about 1803.
John and Elizabeth had the following children baptized in Staplehurst. John was noted as a labourer.
John Avery was baptized on 07 December 1845.
Sarah Avery was born about 1851 in Boughton Monchelsea.
In the 1841 Census, John and his family are living in Staplehurst.
John Avery, 40, agricultural labourer, born Kent.
Elizabeth Avery, 30, born Kent.
Ann Avery, 10, born Kent.
Harriet Avery, 8, born Kent.
Elizabeth Avery, 2, born Kent.
The family has not been found in the 1851 census but appear again in the 1861 census living at Elderden Cottages, Chart next Sutton.
John Avery’s death is registered in the Hollingbourne district 3rd quarter 1870. He was 71 years old.
In the 1871 census, Elizabeth the widow of John, was living at Tong, in Headcorn with her daughter Mary Craddock and her family.
In the 1881 census, the widow Elizabeth us living in Ulcombe with her daughter Ellen Merrall’s family.
In the 1891 census, the widow Elizabeth is living with her daughter Ellen Merrall’s family in Leeds, Kent. She was then 88 years old.
Elizabeth Avery, the widow of John, died in 1892. Her
death was register in the Hollingbourne district in the first quarter 1892.
Thomas Avery 1802 - 1870
Thomas and Elizabeth Ann had the following children baptized in Staplehurst. In each case, Thomas is said to be a labourer.
In 1840, Thomas Avery and his family including 8 children, immigrated to New Zealand arriving on board the sailing ship ‘ The Bolton’ after a voyage of five months.
The passage to New Zealand was sponsored by the Staplehurst parish with the Reverend Thomas Waldron Hornbuckle bending the rules to assist the parishioners. An article published in the Archaeologia Cantiana 109, 1991 is a summary of a dissertation submitted to the University of Kent in May 1991 by D.J. Francis King.
It includes an exert from a letter written by William Bannister in 1841 which is assumed to be in reference to Thomas Avery: “There is a poor man close to me that came out with us; I am very partial to him; he comes out of Kent; has a wife and eight children and told me when he landed he had only 6d. in the world; he has now £60 in gold, and has bought a piece of land to put a house on, which cost £90; he is a labourer, and his lads the same; his wife washes for hire.”
By 1882, the Avery family is reported to own almost
£2000 worth of property. And also in the same article it states “The Averys
were even more spectacularly successful, producing in the present
generation, the Rt. Hon. Mike Moore, the last Prime Minister of New Zealand
and the millionaire Sir Frank Renouf.”
My thanks to Bruce Avery who has provided the brilliant
photographs and the details of the family in New Zealand.
William Avery 1804
William Avery was born 05 April 1804 and baptized in Staplehurst on 24 June 1804, the son of James Avery and Ann Kite.
We know very little about the adult William. All that has been found to date is a removal order where William, his wife Mary and baby daughter Mary Jane (aged 6 weeks) were removed from Boughton Monchelsea and sent back to Staplehurst. The removal order is date 05 December 1827 (CKS reference: P347/13/2 Bundle 2 Doc #: 60).
In the 1871 census, William is living in Leeds, Kent.
He is a 68 year old lodger classed as an agricultural labourer. His
birthplace is given as Staplehurst. Living with him is his wife Lucy Avery,
70 years old, born Chart Sutton.
Robert Avery 1805 - 1871
Robert Avery was born 10 September 1805 and baptized in Staplehurst on 17 November 1805, the son of James Avery and Ann Kite.
Robert Avery married Mary Ann; surname unknown. There is a marriage registered in Kensington in the second quarter 1839 which may be the one we are looking for. In this case Robert Avery married Mary Ann Comber.
Robert and Mary Ann had the following children baptized in Staplehurst. Robert is noted as a labourer.
In the 1851 Census Robert and family are living in Staplehurst.
In the 1861 census, Robert and his family are found living at Station Cottages in Staplehurst.
Note: we do know that Robert was born in Staplehurst and Mary Ann was born in Maidstone so we can be fairly certain that the enumerator made a mistake when entering the details.
Son Richard Avery is
found living in Willesborough, Kent in 1861. He is a 20 year old lodger living
with the Tucker family. His occupation is given as agricultural labourer and he
gives his birth place as Staplehurst. Also in the household is another lodger
from Staplehurst; George Day who is 22. Presumably these young men were friends.
A few months later, on 20 October 1861, Richard aged 21, was buried in Staplehurst.
Robert Avery was buried on 21 March 1871 at the age of 66.
The 1871 census was taken on the 02 April 1871 shortly after the date of Robert’s burial. We find his widow, Mary Ann, as a visitor in Frittenden. She is staying with Edward and Frances Potter and we note that Frances Potter was previously married to Amos Avery. Also in the household are Amos children, Anne and Robert Avery.
In the 1881 census, Mary Ann, Robert’s widow, is living in Ryde, Isle of Wight. She is said to be 78 years old and a refreshment room keeper.
Henry Avery 1807
Henry Avery was born 05 February 1807 and baptized in Staplehurst on 27 May 1810, the son of James Avery and Nanny Kite. We have no further information on Henry.
George Avery 1808
George is the son of James Avery and Ann Kite. He was born on 04 November 1808 and baptized in Staplehurst on 27 May 1810.
George Avery married Elizabeth Kingsnorth in 1838. The marriage is registered in Hollingbourne, Kent registration district in the 3rd quarter 1838. Elizabeth is the daughter of Daniel and Martha Kingsnorth and was baptized in Staplehurst on 16 February 1823.
In 1841, George Avery and his wife Elizabeth immigrated to New South Wales Australia. The record of entry states they arrived on the ship ‘China’. George was said to be 30 years old and his parents are named as James and Ann Avery and he was said to have been born in Staplehurst. His wife Elizabeth Avery was 21 years old and born in Staplehurst. Her parents are given as Daniel & Martha Kingsnorth. They arrived in Port Jackson, Sydney on 09 September 1841.
Amos Avery 1813 - 1859
Amos Avery was born in Staplehurst on 05 August 1813 the son of James and Ann Avery. He was not baptized until 06 July 1823 when 3 children from the family were baptized together.
Amos was married twice and neither marriage has been found to date. His first wife was Mary Ann who was born about 1822 in Staplehurst. Mary Ann was buried in Staplehurst on 09 May 1852. Amos and Mary Ann do not appear to have had any children.
Amos then married Frances, probably around 1855.
In the 1841 census, Amos Avery aged 25 is living at
the Bell Inn in Staplehurst. He was noted as an agricultural labourer.
There is a marriage for Amos Avery registered in the fourth quarter 1843 in the Maidstone Registration district. We know he was married to Mary Ann but we are not certain of her surname as there are two options on the index (Watts or Riddle) and the certificate would need to be ordered to clarify. The couple did not marry in Staplehurst.
In the 1851 census, Amos and Mary Ann are living at
Chapple House in Staplehurst. Amos is a 27 year old agricultural labourer born
in Staplehurst and Mary Ann is 29 years old born Staplehurst.
There is a burial in Staplehurst of Ann Avery aged 30 on 09 May 1852. I believe this to be the wife of Amos.
By 1856 Amos is married to Frances when their first child is baptised in Staplehurst. No record of the marriage has been found to date.
Amos and Frances Avery had the following children baptized in Staplehurst. In all 3 cases the father was said to be a labourer.
Amos Avery died in 1859. His death is registered in the Maidstone registration district in the first quarter 1859. He does not appear to be buried in Staplehurst.
Frances, the widow of Amos, married again in the second
quarter 1860 to Edward Potter.
In the 1871 census we find Frances living in Frittenden with Edward Potter.
Morris Avery is the son of James and Ann Avery. He was born on 11 October 1814 and baptized in Staplehurst on 06 July 1823.
In the 1851 census Morris is living with his wife at Chapel
Court Maidstone. Morris was said to be a waterman, 36 years old, born in
Staplehurst. He is married to Sarah who is 36 years old who was born in
Sailhurst Sussex. There are no children living in the household.
Frederick John Avery 1845
Frederic John Avery was baptized on 07 December 1845, the son of John & Elizabeth Avery. In most census he gives his birth place as Boughton Monchelsea and this may be correct as his sister Sarah was born in Boughton Monchelsea. However, he was baptized in Staplehurst.
Frederick married Eliza Dawes in the 2nd quarter 1870. The marriage was registered in the Maidstone district.
In the 1871 census, we find Frederick J. Avery living with his wife at Back Street, Leeds Kent.
In the 1881 census, Frederick John Avery is recorded as John F. Avery. The family is living in Upper Street, Leeds.
In the 1891 census, Frederick and family are living at Otham Hole Lane, Otham.
In the 1901 census, William Thomas Avery, son of
Frederick, is found as a patient in the hospital in Maidstone. He was 23 years
old, a farm labourer, born Leeds. The rest of the family are not found in the
Amos Avery b.1856
Amos Avery was baptized in Staplehurst on 04 May 1856; the son of Amos and Frances Avery. Amos father (also Amos) died when Amos was just 3 years of age.
Amos married Sarah Ann Breach in 1880. The marriage was
registered in Fulham, London in the 3rd quarter 1880.
In the 1861 Census Amos Avery, aged 5 is living at
Martins Hill Cottages with his mother Frances and step father Edward Potter. His
brother Robert is also with the family.
In the 1871 Census Amos Avery, aged 15 years, is living with the Borer family at Mathurst Green Farm in Staplehurst. He is noted as a farm servant and born in Staplehurst.
By the time of the 1881 Census, Amos is married to Sarah and living in Willesden, Middlesex.
Amos is living at 2 Stanley Garden Mews, Kensington in the 1891 census.
In the 1901 census, the family is still living at 2 Stanley Garden Mews, Kensington.
Robert Avery 1859
Robert Avery was baptized in Staplehurst on 06 February 1859, the son of Amos and Frances Avery.
Robert Avery married Mary Ann Boorman in 1880. The marriage
is registered in the 4th quarter at the Maidstone registration
Robert’s father, Amos Avery, died in 1859. His mother, Frances, married again in the second quarter 1860 to Edward Potter.
In the 1871 Census, Robert is living with his mother and step father in Frittenden.
In the 1881 Census, Robert and his family are found at Liver St. Cottage, Teston.
In the 1891 Census, Robert and his family are living at Wateringbury, Kent.
In the 1901 census, Robert and his family are living at Birling Road, Snodland, Kent.
Harry Avery 1885 - 1917
Harry Avery was born in Benenden in 1885, the son of William & Louisa Avery, of Rovenden Road, Benenden, and was baptized in Benenden on 26th September 1885. His father was an agricultural labourer. A resident of Staplehurst, he enlisted in Cranbrook.
Private G/41666, 22nd Battalion, Royal Fusiliers. Killed in action on Saturday 17th February 1917. Buried in Regina Trench Cememtery, Grancourt, Somme, France.