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                            Staplehurst 1891 Census
                                Facts & Figures

 
1891 Census  Surname Index  About the Data Cenus Menu
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  Population
  Marital Status
  Place of Birth
  Disabilities
  Occupations
     Farming
     Domestic
     Services
     Professions
     Trades
     Building Trade
     Retail
     Merchants
     Catering

 




 




 

 



 

Population

Population of Staplehurst  5 April  1892  was      1818
  
of which                                                                          Percent
                                          Males       Females     Total       of Total     
      Under 1 year old             17             22            39          2.1%
       1 to  5 years of age       108           115          223        12.3% 
      6 to 12 years of age       193           155          348        19.1%
      13 to 20 years of age     153           138          291        16.0%
      21 to 30 years of age     114           126          240        13.2%
      31 to 40 years of age     112           123          235        12.9%
      41 to 50 years of age       94             89          183        10.1%
      51 to 60 years of age       68             58          126          6.9%
      61 to 70 years of age       50             36            86          4.7%
      71 to 80 years of age       18             21            39          2.1%
      Over 80 years of age         4               4              8          0.4%
                  Total                 931           887        1818      100.0%
 

 

 Marital Status
            Number of married people                    612                  33.7%
            Number of widows/widowers                 96                    5.3%
            Single people over 16   years                363                  20.0%
                of which single over 25 years            120                    6.6%

 Place of Birth
            Born Staplehurst                                   833                  45.8%
            Born rest of Kent                                  714                  39.3%
            Born rest of England                             244                  13.4%
            Born rest of United Kingdom                  16                  0.9%
            Born other countries                               11                  0.6%
 

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Disabilities
4 people are recorded with disabilities – one each for Deaf, Dumb, Blind and Imbecile. Note these are specific categories the enumerator was required to record. Other disabilities would not be recorded.

Occupations
There were 727 people with an occupation recorded (excluding scholars) of which 150 were female.
The female occupations were almost exclusively domestic although one widow is a farmer and another a blacksmith.  20 women are involved in dressmaking or needlework and 9 in the teaching profession.

7 people were classed as retired and 33 as living on own means.

Note that wives rarely are shown with an occupation. The enumerator for District 12 did not record ‘scholars’ while the other 2 district enumerators did. Consequently, we cannot draw conclusions on the number of children at school in 1891.

Reviewing the occupations of the inhabitants of Staplehurst, provides a view of the village life in 1891. Agriculture is by far the largest employer followed by domestic servants. The railway, postal services and trades are all represented. The number of retailers implies that there were far more shops in Staplehurst in 1891 than there is today. There was at least one hotel and a couple of inns as well as a boarding house.
There was one doctor and the number of teachers was a surprise for me.

Farming was the principle industry in Staplehurst. There are 40 farmers recorded with 16 ‘farmer’s
sons’ and 6 ‘farmer’s daughters’ who presumably worked within the family farm. Bailiffs were employed
to manage some of the farms. There are 225 agricultural labourers recorded or farm servants (8). The label agricultural labourer would cover many jobs within farming. Other titles used included Stock Man (1), Dairy Man (1), Game Keeper (1), Hay Binder (2), Poultry Worker (2), Charcoal Burner, and Wood Man (1). 9 shepherds are mentioned.

                        Farmers                                                40
                        Farmer’s sons & daughters                    22
                        Farm Bailiffs                                            9
                        Agricultural Labourers/ servants           233
                        Shepherds                                               9
                        Other farming                                          9
                                    Total Farming                           322

 

Domestic -  This is a large group with 148 people employed. The most usual title is Domestic Servant.
In the better off homes, there is a tendency to have more than one servant and to have specific job titles
such as butler, cook, governess, lady’s maid, and parlour maid.

               Domestic Servant         49                    Gardener          21
               Housekeeper                18                    Coach Man        5
               Cooks                            9                    Fly Driver           1
               Daily Governess             3                    Groom                7
               Nurse                             7                    Houseboy           4
               Mother’s Help                3                    Butler                 1
               Parlour Maid                  4                    Footman             1
               Lady’s Maid                   1                    Care Taker         1
               Companion                     1                    Yard Men           2
               Char Woman                  4
               Laundress                       6
                   Total Females          105                     Total Males      43   

 
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Services - include the railway which employed 21 people including the stationmaster,
signalmen (2), engine driver (1), traction engine (2), clerk (1), porters (5) and platelayers (6).
Postal services (10), telegraph (1) and mail carriers (3) employed 14.

                        Railway                                   23
                        Postal Services                        14
                        Carters & Waggoners              25
                        Roadmen                                   3
                                    Total Services              65

 
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Professions  - including teaching, medical, religious (which includes 1 Vicar and 1 clerk for the Church of England, 1 Wesleyan Preacher, 1 Baptist Minister and 1 Congregational Minister) and military(2). Policing includes one constable and one instructing constable. And, of course, we have a tax collector from the inland revenue.

                        Teaching                                     15
                         Surgeon / General Practitioner      1   
                         Religious                                      5
                         Military                                        2
                         Police                                          2
                         Inland Revenue                            1
                                    Total Professional           26

 
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Trades - such as Blacksmith (8), Wheelwright (8), and Hoop-maker (8) were local trades. Saddlers (2), and Coachbuilders (2) are in small numbers. Dressmakers and needlewomen, tailor (1) and boot-makers (6)  met local needs.

            Blacksmith, Wheelwright, Hoop-maker    24
            Saddlers, Coachbuilders                            4
            Brick Maker                                             4
            Dressmaker, needlewomen, & tailor        21
            Boot-makers                                            6
            Clock & Watch Makers                           2
            Hairdresser                                               1
            Rope-maker                                             1
                   Total Trades                                    63

 
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The building industry is present with carpenters, bricklayers, builders, painters, a plumber and a glazier. 5 labourers are mentioned which may or may not be part of the building trade.

            Carpenters                          13
            Bricklayers                          12
            Builder                                  7
            Painters                                 4
            Plumber, Glazier                    2
            Labourers                             5
            Sawyer                                 1
                        Total building          44

 
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Retail is represented with food related occupations such as grocers, bakers, butchers etc. There is also a florist & seedsman, draper, and stationers. The outlets appear to be grouped so that you have, for instance, a grocer & draper.

            Grocer                                  24
            Baker                                     7
            Butcher                                 10
            Confectioner                           1
            Fish Monger                           1
            Beer Retailer                           3
            Draper                                    3
            Stationers                                2
            Florist / Seedsman                   2
                        Total Retail                53

 
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Merchants, which may be retail or otherwise, include Corn Dealers, Sugar Broker, Coal Merchants, and even a manure agent.

               Coal Merchants                           3
               Corn Merchants                           2
               Commercial Merchant                  2
               Sugar Broker / Tea Dealer            2
               Milk Purveyor                              1
               Manure Agent                              1
                        Total Merchants                11

Catering – under this heading, I include inn keepers, hotel, keeper, Ostlers, publicans, victualler as follows.

            Inn Keepers                                     3
            Ostler                                              3
            Hotel Keeper                                   1
            Boarding House Keeper                   1
            Victualler                                          1
            Publican                                            1
            Bar maid/man                                    2
                        Total Catering                      12

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