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                            Staplehurst 1871 Census
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Population

The total population of Staplehurst in the 1871 census was
1750
of which:
                                                                                           Percent

                                        Males       Females     Total      of Total     
      Under 1 year old             32             33            65          3.7%
      1 to  5 years of age        125           119          244        13.9% 
      6 to 12 years of age       132           138          270        15.4%
      13 to 20 years of age     133           135          268        15.3%
      21 to 30 years of age     137           128          265        15.1%
      31 to 40 years of age       95             95          190        10.9%
      41 to 50 years of age       91             73          164          9.4%
      51 to 60 years of age       66             61          127          7.3%
      61 to 70 years of age       45             53            98          5.6%
      71 to 80 years of age       26             23             49          2.8%
      Over 80 years of age         4               6             10          0.6%
                  Total                  931           887        1818      100.0%

 

 

 Marital Status
 

                                                                                                Percent                                                                                                                           of Total
            Number of married people                    586                  33.5%
            Number of widows/widowers               100                    5.7%
            Single people over 16   years                332                  19.0%
                of which single over 25 years           128                    7.3%

                ( or 16.8% of people over 25)

           Normal marriage age appears to be 25 for women and 28 for men.
           
 Place of Birth
           

            Born in Kent                                       1536                  87.8%
              of which:
                     Born Staplehurst                          865                  49.4%
                     Born neighbouring villages *         358                  20.5%    
                     Born rest of Kent                         313                  17.9%               

           
            Born rest of Britain                                201                  11.5%
                  of which Sussex                              102                    5.8%

               * (Cranbrook, Marden, Frittenden, Headcorn and Goudhurst)

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Disabilities
Where an entry appears on the enumerator sheets, I have included the comment enclosed in brackets in the occupation column. There are only 4 entries. One person is deaf, another partially blind and two recorded   as imbeciles. There are also 5 people classed as invalids.

Education
There are 245 children between the ages of 3 and 18 classified as ĎScholarsí.  This represents 41.1% of all children in this age range.
The majority of children attend school from 6 to 11 years old and when these ages alone are examined there are 70.3% of the children in this age range at school.

It also appears that the children not attending school in to 6 to 11 year range are generally from the families living the furthest from the village.

Of the 6 to 11 year olds, 72.3% of boys attend school and 68.5% of girls.

 



Occupations
In the 1871 census for Staplehurst, there are 253 women recorded with an occupation. Of these, 78 are recorded in terms of the husband or fatherís occupation; for instance Farmerís daughter or grocerís wife.  For many of these entries, there is no doubt that these are in fact occupations for women but some are less obviously so for instance an agricultural labourerís wife probably was the home maker as opposed to working with her husband. However, I have summarised all entries in the following table without drawing conclusions on what is or is not a valid occupation for the woman.

Female Occupations
            Servant / Maid *                                    61
            Housekeeper **                                    20
          
 Dressmaker / Seamstress                     15
            Farmer                                                  5
           
Agricultural Labourer                               5
            Landowner / Freeholder                           7
            School teacher                                       3
            Governess                                              1
            Shop Keeper                                          3
            Shop Assistant                                      7
            Nurse                                                    6
            Companion                                            1
            Charwomen / Cleaners                            7
            Cook                                                     5
            Laundress                                              5
           
Annuitant / Independent  Means               8
            Paupers / relief  ***                                16
            Ag. Lab.'s wife / daughter                       36
            Farmer's wife / daughter                         27
            Retailer's wife / daughter                          6

                                                Total              253

This represents 42.4% of the female population over 12 years of age.
* The majority of servants or maids are unmarried young women. The youngest girl shown as working was one 12 year old servant. There were also three 13 year olds, but 14 seems to be the common age for young women to hired as servants.
** The term housekeeper is almost always used to define a women keeping house in a household were   there the men are unmarried or widowed. It is usually a relative such as daughter or  sister.
** * All the paupers were women over 55 years of age with the majority over 65 years of age and all but  one were widows.

Male Occupations
There are 591 men recorded with an occupation in the 1871 Staplehurst Census. The youngest are 9 year  old Alfred Fever working as an agricultural labourer and 10 year old John Gurr, a farm servant. Less than  half of the 12 year old boys are working while 58% of 13 year olds are at work but by age 14, 90% of the lads are at work. Only one boy under the age of 15 is classed as an apprentice, while many have the title of assistant which may well imply an apprenticeship.

The oldest male workers are Samuel Jenner, a miller, and John Hatcher, an agricultural labourer, both 77 years old. There are 28 men between 70 and 77 years of age employed. Of the 5 men over 77 year of age,  3 are paupers, 1 independent and 1 a retired policeman.

Agriculture
Agriculture is by far the largest category of occupation with 350 men employed; 59.2% of the working men.

                        Farmers                                    41
                        Farmerís sons                           24
                        Farm Bailiff                               10
                        Game Keeper                             1
                        Carter / Waggoner                    36
                        Farm Labourer / Servant           25
                        Agricultural Labourer               213 

Agricultural labourers form the largest number in this category. The difference between the farm labourer or farm servant and agricultural labourer appears that the farm labourer or servant is generally young, unmarried and living within the farmerís household. The agricultural labourer is living in independent households.

Trades
This is the second largest category of employment and Staplehurst seems to be well served by the trades.
                        Carpenters                               15
                        Bricklayers                               13
                        Blacksmiths                                6
                        Builders                                      5
                        Miller / Malter                             5
                        Shoemaker / Cordwainer             5
                        Wheelwright                                4
                        Painter                                         3
                        Sawyer                                        3
                        Timber Hewer / Surveyor            3
                        Harness Maker                           2
                        Thatcher                                     2
                        Tailor                                          2

Then each of the other trades have one representation:
Charcoal Burner, auctioneer, gas manager, plumber, glazier, photographer, hairdresser, coach builder,       coal merchant, Fly proprietor, collector, and appraiser.

There were 28 men noted as unspecific Ďlabourersí. I tend to think these are related to the trades as   opposed to agriculture.

Retail
The High Street had a number of shops in excess of what you will find today but most of us would still recognise the High Street.  At the north end of the village was the railway station. On the east side of the  road was the South Eastern Railway Hotel (which has only recently been converted residential accommodation) and a grocer, baker and butchers shop. Centrally there was 2 butcher shops, 3 grocers,      a hairdresserís, 2 iron mongers, a bakers, a sweet shop, a tailors, drapers and a post office. Three inns are present, the Bell, the Lamb and the Crown. The Royal Oak is referred to as a beer house.

In total these services provided employment for 42 men.  In addition, there were 10 people employed by   the postal service and 15 by the railway.

Service
35 men could be glassed as being Ďin serviceí. 16 of these are gardeners, 9 are grooms or stable workers  and 10 as servants including a footman, a coachman, a butler and a page.

Professional
I have grouped 14 people under the heading of professional. This includes the Rector, the Curate, the Independent Minister, a doctor, a veterinarian, school master, accountant, banker, police officer, relieving officer and a soldier.

This just leaves 10 people listed as landowners or freeholders,  4 male paupers (very elderly), and 3 with independent means.


 

 





 


 
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