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                            Staplehurst 1861 Census
                                Facts & Figures

 
 1861 Census  Surname Index About the Data Cenus Menu
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  Population
  Marital Status
  Place of Birth
  Disabilities
  Education
  Occupations


    



 




 




 

 



 

Population
The total population of Staplehurst in the 1861 census was 1695
of which:

 

 

 

 

Percent

 

Males

Females

Total

of Total

under 1 year of age

18

25

43

2.5

 1 to   5 years of age

111

115

226

13.3

 6 to 12 years of age

146

151

297

17.5

13 to 20 years of age

135

123

258

15.2

21 to 30 years of age

119

108

227

13.4

31 to 40 years of age

117

110

227

13.4

41 to 50 years of age

82

64

146

8.6

51 to 60 years of age

75

64

139

8.2

61 to 70 years of age

43

44

87

5.1

71 to 80 years of age

20

16

36

2.1

Over 80 years of age

5

4

9

0.5

Total

871

824

1695

100.0

 

 

 The oldest man was William BUTCHER, an 88 year old  former agricultural labourer born in Maidstone while the oldest woman was 89 year old Ann PARRETT who was born in Heathfield Sussex.

 
 Marital Status

 

 

 

 

Percent

 

Male

Female

Total

of Total

Youngest married  (age)

21

18

 

 

Unmarried over 30

60

38

98

5.8

Married

285

287

572

33.7

Widowers

44

37

81

4.8

 Normal marriage age appears to be about 25 for women and 28 for men

           
 Place of Birth    

 

 

Percent

 

 

of Total

Born in Kent

1441

85.0

of which

 

 

  born in Staplehurst

825

48.7

* born neighboring villages  

272

16.0

 

 

 

Born other counties

219

12.9

of which

 

 

   born Sussex

136

8.0

   born Middlesex

26

1.5

 

 

 

Born other countries

6

0.4

of which

 

 

   Ireland, Scotland & Wales

4

0.2

 * (Cranbrook, Marden, Frittenden, Headcorn and Goudhurst).

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Disabilities
Only five people were reported to have disabilities.

  • 14 year old Henry Gibson (born Sittingbourne) and living with his parents was said to be blind.
  • James Taylor, aged 72, was said to be deaf. He was living with his son and his son’s family.
  • Elizabeth Farmer, the 37 year old wife of William, was said to be deaf.
  • Mary Tampsett, aged 51 and unmarried, living with her parents, was said to be deaf and dumb since birth.
  • Harriet Barns, 28 years old, unmarried and living with her parents was classed as an invalid.


Education
The children generally started school at 5 years of age although there were 7 children of 4 years reported as ‘scholars’. Very few children continued at school beyond the age of 12 or 13.

Only one 16 year old male was classed as a scholar and this was the son of Henry HOARE (the banker and land owner). Henry's daughter was a 17 year old scholar.

 

 Of the children between 5 and 11 years of age, 66.4% were classed as scholars in the 1861 census. The percentage attending schools for girls (66.7%) was broadly similar to the boys (66.2%).


Occupations
 

Females
In the 1861 census, 140 women were listed as having an occupation in their own right excluding scholars.
Most employed women worked as servants and related post. They are generally young and single. 

Female Occupations

No.

Servants

48

Maids

9

Charwoman

3

Cooks

5

Laundress

7

Housekeeper

15

Domestic Assistant *

10

 

 

Dressmaking

14

Seamstress & Needlewomen

3

 

 

Nurse

4

Schoolteachers & Governess (1)

5

 

 

Grocer

2

Assistant Draper

1

Ironmonger

1

Baker

1

Office Clerk

1

Post Office Assistant

1

Shoe Binder

1

Harness Maker

1

 

 

Farmer

5

Fund Holder & Land Owner

3

 

 

                                   Total

140

 * A ‘domestic assistant’ is used to refer to an unmarried daughter assisting her mother to keep house. In contrast, when the head of the household does not have a wife, a housekeeper is employed. She is generally a female relative such as sister, mother.

 There are also 28 women with occupations which are recorded in terms of the husbands or fathers occupations. Examples are carpenter’s daughter or coachman’s wife. As the majority of women had no occupation entered, at least some of these (such as farmer’s wife) would have been actively involved in the husband’s occupation. 

Four women are classed as ‘Parish Pauper’. In each instant, this was later crossed out. 

Males

There were 567 men recorded with an occupation in the 1861 census. Agricultural laborers were the most numerous by far with 42.9% of all recorded occupations. All agricultural occupations accounted for 64.2% of the labour force while the trade professions accounted for a further 15.2%.

Agriculture

 

Agricultural Laborers

243

Carters

43

Farmers

45

Farmer’s Assistant / Son

14

Bailiff

18

Horse Keeper

1

 

  364

Trades

 

Blacksmith

7

Wheelwright

4

Coach Maker

2

Brick Maker

2

Brick Layer

10

Builder

2

Carpenter

13

Sheep Gate Maker

1

Sawyer

3

Timber Hewer / Surveyor/ Agent

4

Bark Hatcher

2

Lath Cleaner

2

Miller

4

Printer

4

Rat Catcher

1

Harness Maker

1

Shoe & Boot Maker

11

Tailor

8

Hairdresser

1

Birch Broom Maker

1

Grain Merchant

1

Labourers (stonebreaker & coal)

2

Total

  86

Retail

 

Baker

2

Butcher

6

Grocer

9

Errand Boy

1

Beer Retailer

2

Draper

3

Ironmonger

1

Hawker / Pedlar

6

Total

 30

Transport

 

Fly Proprietor

1

Coachman

1

Omnibus Coachman

1

Carrier

3

Railway Porter / Station Master/ Carriage Examiner

6

Railway Labourer / Plate Layer

6

Road Labourer

3

Toll Collector

2

Total

 23

Post

 

Letter Carrier / Post Boy

4

Mail Cart Driver / Contractor

4

Post Master / Post Office Clerk

4

Telegraph Clerk

1

Total

  13

Servants

 

Domestic (Butler, footman, etc)

8

Gardener

11

Groom

6

Total

 25

Professional

 

Banker

2

Rector / Minister / Preacher

3

Relief Officer

1

Military /  Police

3

Architect/ Surveyor

3

Surgeon

1

Professor of Music

1

School Master

2

Riding Master

1

Land Proprietor / Fund Holder

4

Total

21

Other

 

Ostler

2

Victualler

2

Parish Pauper

1

Total

 5

 

 

Grand Total

  567

 

 

 

Forty five men were classed as farmers. The largest farm size recorded was Maplehurst Farm with 1500
acres employing 40 men and 10 boys. There are 13 farms sized at between 100 and 200 acres and one (Lovehurst) at 255 acres. Seventeen farms were under 50 acres in size.


 
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