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                            Staplehurst 1851 Census
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Population

The total population of Staplehurst in the 1851 census was
1659
of which:
                                                                                           Percent

                                        Males       Females     Total      of Total     
      Under 1 year old             24             24            48          2.9%
      1 to  5 years of age        116           114          230        13.9% 
      6 to 12 years of age       156           138          294        17.7%
      13 to 20 years of age     135           117          252        15.2%
      21 to 30 years of age     155           120          275        16.6%
      31 to 40 years of age       86             96          182        11.0%
      41 to 50 years of age       85             74          159          9.6%
      51 to 60 years of age       56             53          109          6.6%
      61 to 70 years of age       34             33            67          4.0%
      71 to 80 years of age       22             15            37          2.2%
      Over 80 years of age         3               3             6            0.4%
                  Total                 872          787        1659       100.0%

 

 Marital Status
 

                                                                                                Percent                                                                                                                           of Total
            Number of married people                    573                  34.5%
            Number of widows/widowers                 81                    4.9%
            Single people over 18  years                264                  15.9%
                of which single over 25 years            96                    5.8%
                ( or 13.9% of people over 25)

           Normal marriage age appears to be 25 for women and 28 for men.

The youngest married man was 19 years old while there were two 18 year old woman married.
           
 Place of Birth
           

            Born in Kent                                       1494                  90.1%
              of which:
                     Born Staplehurst                          938                  56.5%
                     Born neighbouring villages *      236                  14.2%    
                     Born rest of Kent                         320                  19.3%               

           
            Born rest of Britain                               158                    9.5%
                  of which Sussex                              102                    6.1%

               * (Cranbrook, Marden, Frittenden, Headcorn and Goudhurst)

  There is one person born in Australia, one in Morocco and three from Ireland.

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Education
There are 172 children between the ages of 4 and 15 classified as ‘Scholars’.  This represents 37.6% of all children in this age range.
The majority of children attend school from 8 to 11 years old and when these ages alone are examined there are 62.0% of the children in this age range at school.

Of the 8 to 11 year olds, 62.5% of boys attend school and 61.4% of girls.

 

 



Occupations

Female Occupations
In the 1851 census for Staplehurst, there are 125 women recorded with an occupation. The largest proportion (32.8%) is the young, unmarried women working in domestic service. 

 

Total

Married

Widowed

Unmarried

% of Total

Employed at home

3

0

0

3

2.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Farmer

6

0

6

0

4.8

Farmer's Daughter / Wife

6

1

0

5

4.8

Bailiff's Daughter / Wife

2

1

0

1

1.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fund Holder / Annuitant

6

0

4

2

4.8

Land Proprietor

3

0

3

0

2.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Farm Servant

4

0

0

4

3.2

General  & House Servant

41

 

2

39

32.8

Housekeeper

11

2

0

9

8.8

Laundress

2

2

0

0

1.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Needlewoman

1

0

0

1

0.8

Nurse

2

1

1

 

1.6

Teacher / Governess

6

2

0

4

4.8

Grocer / Draper & Grocer

2

0

2

0

1.6

Tailor & Tailor's Wife

2

1

1

0

1.6

Bonnet Maker

1

1

0

0

0.8

Barmaid

1

0

0

1

0.8

Dressmaker

13

6

0

7

10.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parish Relief / Pauper

13

1

10

2

10.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

125

18

29

78

100.0



This represents 41.5% of the female population over 12 years of age. There is one 11 year old shown as ‘Farmer’s Daughter’, presumably helping on the farm. One 12 year old is employed at home and another is a nurse maid. The majority of working single women are 16 years or older. The oldest woman with an occupation (excluding the 83 year old pauper) is an 81 year old widow classed as a farmer.

Male Occupations
There are 524 men recorded with an occupation in the 1851 Staplehurst Census. The youngest ‘man’ recorded with an occupation is David Berrsabah, 11 years old. David, along with his father (who was born in Morocco), are staying at the Kings Head and are not full time residents of Staplehurst.  There are three 12 year olds and five 13 year olds employed.
The oldest employee, ignoring the 89 year old on parochial relief, is a farmer, William Beflin. However there is a 77 year old Agricultural Labourer and a 79 year old gardener. Generally, retirement was a luxury for the very few.

Agriculture
Agriculture is by far the largest category of occupation reported in Staplehurst in 1851. The 43 farmers employed a total of 197 agricultural labourers which is 37.6% of the male working population. With the other occupations I have grouped under agriculture, the total comes to 345 or 65.8% of the population.
It is also worth noting that just under 70% of the unmarried males work as agriculture labourers or farm servants / labourers.


 

 

Total

% of Total

Married

Widower

Unmarried

 

Agriculture

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agricultural Labourers

197

37.6

116

12

69

 

Farmers

43

 

37

2

4

 

Farmer's Sons

7

 

 

 

7

 

Farm Servants / Labourers

79

 

19

5

55

 

Bailiff / Bailiff's son

6

 

5

 

1

 

Carter & Carter's Mate

6

 

 

 

6

 

Hay Baler

1

 

1

 

 

 

Shepherd

1

 

 

 

1

 

Waggoner

5

 

2

 

3

 

   Total Agriculture

345

65.8

180

19

146

 


Trades
Staplehurst is also well served by tradesmen which is the second larges category of employment. Just about all your needs, from making shoes for you or  your to thatching your house, can be  met locally


 

Trades

Total

% of Total

Married

Widower

Unmarried

Blacksmith

8

 

3

1

4

Wheelwright

3

 

2

 

1

Boot & Shoemaker / Cordwainer

12

 

6

1

5

Basket Maker

2

 

2

 

 

Guana Merchant & Appraiser, Draper & Undertaker

1

 

1

 

 

General Dealer

3

 

2

 

1

Coal Merchant

1

 

1

 

 

Foreign Timber Agent

1

 

1

 

 

Brick Maker

3

 

3

 

 

Brick Layer

8

 

7

1

 

Builder

3

 

1

 

2

Carpenter

10

 

9

 

1

Thatcher

2

 

2

 

 

Wood Dealer

1

 

1

 

 

Timber Hewer Carrier

4

 

2

 

2

Labourer

2

 

1

 

1

Plumber & Painter

1

 

1

 

 

Sawyer

2

 

2

 

 

Sadler

2

 

1

 

1

Toll Gate Keeper/Collector

2

 

2

 

 

Apprentice

2

 

 

 

2

   Total Trades

73

13.9

50

3

20

Retail
Retailers in the village cover groceries, bakery, butcher, confectioner, drapers and, of course, the beer shop.

Retail & Services

Total

% of Total

Married

Widower

Unmarried

Beer Shop Keeper

2

 

2

 

 

Baker

1

 

 

 

1

Grocer & Baker

2

 

2

 

 

Grocer & Draper

3

 

1

 

2

Butcher

5

 

2

2

1

Confectioner

1

 

 

 

1

Errand Boy

2

 

 

 

2

Draper

1

 

 

 

1

Hairdresser

1

 

1

 

 

Innkeeper

1

 

1

 

 

Victular

3

 

3

 

 

Miller

2

 

2

 

 

Tailor

3

 

1

1

1

Hawker

3

 

2

 

1

   Total Retail

30

5.7

17

3

10

Other Categories
The railway and post office provided some local employment and there were the few professionals such as the GP, the Rector, a Solicitor and the Relieving Officer. While small in overall percentages, they provided important services.

Railway &

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post Office Workers

Total

% of Total

Married

Widower

Unmarried

Station & Post Master

1

 

1

 

 

 

Goods Clerk

1

 

1

 

 

 

Railway Porter

5

 

5

 

 

 

Cab? Maker S.E. Railway

1

 

1

 

 

 

Iron Plate Worker

1

 

 

 

1

 

Rail Inspector

1

 

1

 

 

 

Letter Carrier / Messenger

2

 

1

 

1

 

Mail Driver

3

 

3

 

 

 

Post Boy / Post Office Clerk

3

 

2

 

1

 

   Total Railway & Post

18

3.4

15

0

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Professional

 

 

 

 

 

 

Independent Minister

1

 

1

 

 

 

Royal Navy

1

 

1

 

 

 

Parish Clerk & Sexton

1

 

1

 

 

 

Rector of Staplehurst

1

 

1

 

 

 

Relieving Officer

1

 

1

 

 

 

School Master

1

 

 

 

1

 

Solicitor & His Clerks

3

 

 

1

2

 

Surgeon, General Practicioner

1

 

1

 

 

 

Road Surveyor

2

 

2

 

 

 

   Total Professional

12

2.3

8

1

3

 

The In Service group are those employed as servants. Generally it is the young unmarried man except for the more specialist jobs such as gardener.

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Service

Total

% of Total

Married

Widower

Unmarried

House & General Servant

18

 

1

 

17

Gardener

6

 

5

1

 

Groom & Footman

1

 

 

 

1

Stable Men

3

 

2

1

 

   Total in Service

28

5.3

8

2

18

The last group here includes the ‘non working’ population. There are relatively few classed as Paupers or Parochial Relief and these are almost all very elderly gentlemen, probably no longer able to work.

Other

Total

% of Total

Married

Widower

Unmarried

Independent

1

 

 

1

 

Annuitant

3

 

 

2

1

Working at home

3

 

 

 

3

Out of Business/No profession

4

 

3

 

1

Parochial Relief / Pauper

7

 

2

3

2

   Total Other

18

3.4

5

6

7

 So in summary, we have recorded, in the 1851 Staplehurst Census, 524 men with an occupation, of which 283 are married men, 207 unmarried, and 34 widowers. These figures exclude scholars.

 

Summary

 Male Occupations

 

 

 

 

Category

 

Employed

% of Total

 

Agriculture

345

65.8

 

Trades

73

13.9

 

Retail & Services

30

5.7

 

In Service

28

5.3

 

Railway & Post Office

18

3.4

 

Professional

12

2.3

 

Other

18

3.4

 

    Total

524

100.0

 Note that the grouping of occupations within categories is my understanding and may not be what others anticipate. 



 
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