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Society Meeting 2008, Page 9


Wroxeter (pronounced “Rock-Sitter”) is a village in the county of Shropshire, England, on the east bank of the River Severn, at grid reference SJ563082. It is located on the site of the Roman city of Viroconium Cornoviorum, known in Old Welsh as Caer Guricon. Viroconium was the fourth largest civitas capital in Roman Britain. As Caer Guricon it may have served as the early Dark Age capital of the kingdom of Powys. Mercian encroachment forced the Welsh to move to Mathrafal castle sometime before 717.

The main section of the Roman road Watling Street runs from Dover to Wroxeter.

Some impressive standing ruins from Viroconium are located just outside the village, where there is also a small museum. There is a vineyard in the village (Wroxeter Roman Vineyards), which is one of two commercial vineyards in the county and since 2004 holds the record for growing the most northerly red wine grapes in the world.

Wroxeter (and Silchester) are the only large Roman settlements in Britain that did not grow into a large town or city. There is considerable debate about why this is. One school of thought is that a major event such as a flood (still a regular occurrence in the area) caused the population to relocate to Shrewsbury. This suggestion is, however, disputed. Another suggestion is that the Roman defenses of the city were too demanding (in manpower and to maintain) for the post-Roman era inhabitants and so the site of Shrewsbury was chosen as it is more easily defended.

Wroxeter is about 5 miles south-east of the town of Shrewsbury and is near to the village of Atcham. It lies in the parish of Wroxeter and Uppington and the borough of Shrewsbury and Atcham. The Royal Mail postcode begins SY4.

Above article taken from Wikipedia, free encyclopedia.

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