|| Vellum (Parchment) Court Baron document being an Admittance of a new tenant
to a cottage and land in the Manor of Eling in the County of Southampton (Hampshire) belonging
to the Lords of the Manor, The Warden and Fellows of Winchester College. It was quite
common in the 18th and 19th century for the Church of England and University Colleges to have
acquired titles to Lordships of Manors.||The Admittance is of Henry Stanier upon the Surrender of John Stride and his wife Mary. The
terms of the Admittance are the payment of an annual rent of Three Pence.
There would have been other obligations in terms of work for the Lords
of the Manor.
||The document is in a clear hand, fully legible throughout. The document is signed by a Fellow
of Winchester College, the Steward of the Manor and the Outrider. The document bears
a fine blue embossed revenue stamp, with silver escutcheoniing, of King George IV.
(1820-1830) for One Pound (£1) cancelled by a fine circular date stamp Hampshire 21 July
1830. The document also bears a One Shilling (1/-) parchment tax stamp with Royal Crown
and on the reverse the Royal Cipher of King George IV.
||Courts Baron were established in the early middle Ages. Each manor (an estate granted from a
superior Lord or even the King himself) belonged to a "Lord of the Manor" and it was his
responsibility to organise the life of the estate for his own profit and the rights of the
workers living there. This was done was through the Court Baron, which, in the early years
of the mediaeval period, met every two or three weeks. The court dealt with all
aspects of the life of the Manor and of the tenants and workers. Such matters as the
transfer of land, the organisation of the common fields and meadows, the abatement of
nuisances (defective hedges, blocking of paths, straying beasts, etc) and anything concerning
the occupations of the inhabitants, which in most Manors were agricultural.
The Steward of the Rodd, who ran the court for the Lord of the Manor, kept a watchful eye
over the Lord's rights, including rentals, heriotts (customary payments in cash or in kind
such as "A Peppercorn," "A Straw," "Two Hens at the Feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary,"
the "Best Beast," etc) and boon work.