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DEATHS FROM THE TARAWERA ERUPTION
10 JUNE 1886
MOUNT TARAWERA, ROTORUA, NEW ZEALAND

New Zealand's first recorded destructive volcanic eruption occured around one in the morning on the 10th June 1886.
Mount Tarawera is not far from Rotorua, which in 1886 was a major tourist destination, as it is today. The area was known as "The Hot Lakes" district and attracted many visitors from overseas as well as New Zealand.

Many of these visitors stayed in the small village of Te Wairoa, as it was the starting point for trips to the famous Pink and White Terraces on Lake Rotomahana. Today, Te Wairoa is famous as "THE BURIED VILLAGE" - and is well worth a visit.

The eruption began with a swarm of earthquakes, followed by what was thought to be hail. It turned out to be stones and scoria. This was soon followed by thick ash and mud. The weight of this collapsed many of the buildings. The dense air also suffocated many of the residents of the area. Thick ash and mud covered the surrounding countryside for many miles around and is still visible in disturbed areas today.

For further information on the Tarawera Eruption see the book;

Tarawera - The Volcanic Eruption of 10 June 1886
by Prof. R F Keam. 1988. Copies are available from - TARAWERA.

There is also an informative website at - TARAWERA ERUPTION

This list is dedicated to the memory of the 120* who perished in the Tarawera Eruption of 10 June 1886

(After exhaustive and painstaking research by Prof. Ron Keam for his book on Tarawera, Ron found that many of the names given in the original lists had in fact been double-ups and others were various spellings of the same name.)

EUROPEAN DEATHS FROM THE TARAWERA ERUPTION

BAINBRIDGE Edwin Armstrong 21 Te Wairoa English Tourist
BROWN Samuel 29/30 Waingongongo Married to Mere Peka Poia
HASZARD Adolphus Charles Edward (son) 10 Te Wairoa Schoolteacher's son
HASZARD Charles Albert 47 Te Wairoa Schoolteacher
HASZARD Charles Sutherland (nephew) 5 Te Wairoa Schoolteacher's nephew
HASZARD Edna Winifred (daughter) 6 Te Wairoa Schoolteacher's daughter
HASZARD Mona Vera (daughter) 4 Te Wairoa Schoolteacher's daughter

KNOWN MAORI DEATHS FROM THE TARAWERA ERUPTION

I wish to thank Prof. R F Keam for his permission to publish this list from his book - Tarawera - The Volcanic Eruption of 10 June 1886 - see above. For further information please refer to Appendix M which gives details on how these names were found.

VILLAGE/KAINGANAMESEXRELATIONSHIP
Moura Hakaraia Peraniko m
Moura Hare m Son of Kingi
Moura Harete Tamiuru f Wife of Hakaraia Peraniko
Moura Hohapeta (Hohapatu) m Son of Kingi
Moura Infant m Son of Karora
Moura Infant m Son of Kingi
Moura Infant
Moura Infant
Moura Karora m
Moura Kingi m
Moura Maria f Daughter of Karora
Moura Materoa f Wife of Karora
Moura Puna f
Moura Rawinia f Wife of Kingi
Moura Rete Tuia
Moura Riwa f Daughter of Karora
Moura Rota
Moura Ruihi f Daughter of Karora
Moura Tara Patutangata m Son of Hakaraia Peraniko
Moura Te Paki m
Moura Te Papuni f
Moura Te Waara Te Wetini m
Moura Tu m Son of Karora
Moura Tuhimata m Son of Hakaraia Peraniko
Moura Wikitoria f Daughter of Karora
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Akutina Rangiheuea m
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Erenora f Wife of Te Mane
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Erueti Te Kounui m Son of Matiu Te Rangiheuea
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Infant
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Infant f Daughter of Te Mane
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Kataraina f Wife of Petera Rangiheuea
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Maki m Son of Te Matenga
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Marewa f Wife of Akutina
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Matiu Te Rangiheuea m
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Mere Peka f Daughter of Akutina
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Mihi Peka f Wife of Matiu Te Rangiheuea
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Mokowhiti
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Ngarotarota Rangiheuea m
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Pareaurea f Mother
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Petera Rangiheuea m
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Pihareina (Pitarama) m Son of Te Matenga
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Puharo f
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Putiputi m
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Tarewa f Wife of Puharo
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Tariu m Son of Puharo
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Te Awheto Rangiheuea m
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Te Irimana m Son of Puharo
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Te Mane m
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Te Matenga m
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Te Paratene m
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Te Roera m Son of Te Mane
Te Ariki/Rotomahana Topia m Son of Te Matenga
Te Wairoa Aati m
Te Wairoa Mereti f
Te Wairoa Meri Te Rohu f
Te Wairoa Meriana Ernere f
Te Wairoa Merita f
Te Wairoa Piko m
Te Wairoa Rangi Child of Penetito Hawea
Te Wairoa Te Au Child of Penetito Hawea
Te Wairoa Te Uriti f
Te Wairoa Te Wiata m
Te Wairoa Tuhoto Ariki m
Tokiniho Haare Tamahou m
Tokiniho Kitua Te Monita m
Tokiniho Ngakawhena f Wife of Kitua Te Monita
Tokiniho Pera Te Keu m
Tokiniho Rangitakatu m Son of Pera Te Keu
Tokiniho Tangiteiere f Wife of Pera Te Keu
Tokiniho Te Keu m Son of Pera Te Keu
Tokiniho Te Reretanga f
Tokiniho Tohe m Son of Tangiteiere
Tokiniho Wikitoria f
Tokiniho Wiremu m Son of Kitua Te Monita
Totarariki Arapaka m
Totarariki Kumarahou f Wife of Tamihana Te Keu
Totarariki Ngatamara f Daughter of Arapaka
Totarariki Pereki f Wife of Arapaka
Totarariki Rano m
Totarariki Tamihana Te Keu m
Totarariki Te Aera f Daughter of Arapaka
Uncertain Locality Te Ringa Kotui
Waingongongo Hanata Poia f Mother of Kuita and Mere Peka
Waingongongo Himaima f
Waingongongo Hiria Kereopa f Daughter in law of Hanata, wife of Hohepa Poia
Waingongongo Kata m Grandson of Hanata Poia
Waingongongo Maria Kuta f Wife of Hirata
Waingongongo Mere Peka Poia f Wife of Samuel Brown
Waingongongo Merepeka Toma f Daughter of Tama Te Tuhi
Waingongongo Niheta Kaipara Mokonuiarangi m
Waingongongo Nikora Paraone m Son of Samuel Brown
Waingongongo Nikora Te Tuhi m Son of Hirata
Waingongongo Porione Paraone m Son of Samuel Brown
Waingongongo Raiha Paraone f Daughter of Samuel Brown
Waingongongo Ramariki Nikora f Daughter of Hirata
Waingongongo Tama Te Tuhi m Son of Hirata
Waingongongo Tawhio Toma m Son of Tama Te Tuhi
Waingongongo Te Hirata Te Tira f
Waingongongo Tioro f
Waingongongo Tuihana Manihera f Wife of Tama Te Tuhi
Waitangi Te Hoe m

SOME SURVIVORS FROM TE WAIROA VILLAGE

These names have been taken from various books on the Tarawera Eruption and may not be complete.

APORO Mika (m) Maori
ARIKI Tuhoto (m) Maori Tohunga
BAKER George Cook at Rotomahana Hotel
BENNETT Willie (Aged 12) Nephew of Charlie Rogers
BIRD Billie (8 months) Son of William Bird
BIRD John Carrier
BIRD Kieke Mrs Mrs William Bird
BIRD William H Carrier
BLYTHE (BLYTH) John C Surveyor. Guest at Haszard's
BUDIN (BRIDAN) Mary Miss Servant at Rotomahana Hotel
FALLOONA John (Jack) Storekeeper
HAMIORA Mere (aka Mary TE MU) Nurse for Emily Way's children. Servant at Mission Station
HASZARD Clara Schoolteacher's daughter
HASZARD Ina (aged 15) Schoolteacher's daughter
HASZARD Mrs Schoolteacher's wife
HINERANGI Tepaea (Sophia) Maori guide
HUMPHREYS Charles Terrace Temperance Hotel keeper
HUMPHREYS Mrs Terrace Temperance Hotel keeper' wife
KEAN Mary Miss Servant at Rotomahana Hotel
LUNDIUS Harry Surveyor. Guest at Haszard's
McRAE Joseph Rotomahana Hotel keeper
MINNETT George Guest at Temperance Hotel
ROGERS Charlie Storekeeper - ran by Falloona
STUBBS Charles Brewer. Guest at Temperance Hotel
TE RANGIPUAWHE Keepa Maori chief
WAITERE Tene and wife and daughter
Miriam Daughter of Guide Sophia
Mohi and son Maori man
Taiawhio Maori. Husband of Guide Sophia
Terima Maori woman

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