CAMPBELL OF NEW CUMNOCK, AYRSHIRE, SCOTLAND
IVIE CAMPBELL (1754 -1831) OF DALGIG, NEW CUMNOCK
The first Ivie CAMPBELL was born at Garclaugh, New Cumnock, Ayrshire, Scotland on the 25 (30?) September 1754, the second son of George CAMPBELL and Margaret BOYLE. He was named after Dr Ivie CAMPBELL, of Lagwine in Carsphairn, Ayrshire, Scotland.
When 19 or 20 years of age Ivie went to Waterhead Farm, New Cumnock to work and in 1773 he leased the farm of House of Water and married Jean GEMMEL, who had also been working at Waterhead.
At House of Water, three children were born, George, William and Margaret but very soon after the birth of Margaret, Jean died and Ivie was left with three young children. In 1786 he married Margaret DUNBAR, who was the daughter of William DUNBAR of Blackside, New Cumnock.
In 1778, Ivie leased Dalgig Farm, which was back along the road towards New Cumnock, and he and Margaret had a further seven children, Isabelle, Jane, Thomina, Janet, Ellen (Helen), Ivie and Willimina (Wilhelmina). Ivie died 28 July 1831 at Dalgig and Margaret died 4 August 1844.
All of Ivie’s children married and had issue and each one, in good Scottish tradition named a son, Ivie. Ivie’s grandchildren, in turn used Ivie as a Christian name, and then later there were great-grandsons and great-great grandsons called Ivie right down to the 1950s. Some of these Ivie’s emigrated, and we have found Ivie’s in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, United States and England. One of Ivie’s brothers even named his son Ivie and that started off another whole branch. For us it was very lucky that we have the name Ivie as it is such an unusual name to search for.
With the introduction of the Internet as a genealogical tool, I came into contact with many descendants of the Ivie’s and in October 2002, my husband and I visited New Cumnock. I had written to a few of the local newspapers in the area to say that I was researching Ivie CAMPBELL and his descendants and would love to meet any of them. From this, we made even more contact with other Ivie researchers. Luckily many of the branches of this family had various family papers which have enabled us to corroborate with what we have been able to find using more modern research tools.
Some background on Ivie CAMPBELL’s ancestry.
The earliest CAMPBELL ancestor that we have been able to prove is James CAMPBELL, who was born at Burnton, New Cumnock, where his father was tenant.His father’s name may have been John but this is yet unproved. When he was a young man, James leased the farm of Merkland on the other side of the Nith river. He married Ellen (Helen) STEWART in 1705 at Sorn.
Ellen (Helen)STEWART told her family and relations that when she was a little girl, she carried meat to her father and two brothers who were hiding about the top of the Nipes (Knipes?). This was during the persecutions and when returning home with the empty dishes, she met a party of Dragoons who asked where she had been, and what she was doing with the dishes. She refused to tell at first, but being young and threatened with torture she told. The Dragoons then went off at full speed but the STEWART’s had been watching or had been warned of their danger. They fled over the hills into the wilds of Kells in Galloway and the Dragoons could not follow them over these steep rugged hills and deep glens.
James and Ellen had five known children – Margaret, Elspeth, Sarah, John and George. Ivie CAMPBELL (1833-1910) wrote, “George CAMPBELL’s family had a half brother, a son of their mother. His name was George McCARTNEY, who for many years had the farm of Largmore near Dalry in Galloway. He was always on very friendly terms with his half brothers and I have often heard my aunts speak of visiting Largmore. I remember James a son of George coming to Dalgig when a boy. On the 24th September 1866 I visited New Cumnock Church Yard with my friend and relation Mr David McCRAE, Guelph, Canada to see the grave of his grandfather, the late William CAMPBELL, Braehead, and at the CAMPBELL’s old burying place. We saw an old Headstone with the inscription “Here lies the corpse of James CAMPBELL, his wife Ellen STEWART, and their son John 1754”. This was our great- great grandfather.”
George CAMPBELL left Merkland, and leased the farm of Garclough, where he married Margaret BOYLE. Here some of the eldest of their family was born. They then removed to Corsoncon and according to New Cumnock Old Parish Record, William and Thomas were born there. After some years George took the farm of Maneight and there he died some time before the end of the last century. (1700s). George and Margaret had the following children;
James CAMPBELL - bachelor
Ivie CAMPBELL - Dalgig
Elizabeth (Mrs SLOAN) - Paisley
Hellen (Mrs LAIDLAW) - Kirkconnel
John CAMPBELL - died in Cumnock 1754
William CAMPBELL - died in America
Thomas CAMPBELL - Cairn, Old Cumnock
Ivie CAMPBELL (1833-1910) wrote “I cannot give them according to their ages. I know James and Ivie were the two eldest and I have always understood Thomas was the youngest son if not the youngest of the family. James the eldest of the family was born, I believe at Garclaugh, was never married. He often lived with his brothers, and afterwards with his nephew William CAMPBELL, Braehead, and when William’s family left Braehead after his death in 1833, old Uncle James came to Dalgig where he died in 1839 or 40. I can well remember him, he was a very strong man, and I remember his brother Thomas coming to his funeral and asking me if I was not going to help to lay my Uncle’s head in the grave”.
“John I do not know what he did. He married one Sarah TURNBULL, not a very happy marriage I am afraid. He died in Cumnock and his twin sons William and George were brought up about Dalgig, then they went to Neilston. George went to Australia about 1839 and before going away, he gave my father the old Covenanter’s Bible of 1682. William married and died in Neilston. His family often visited Dalgig in the early fifties. (1850s) The youngest daughter and her husband were at Craigman in 1885. Elizabeth married George SLOAN, they lived some time in Paisley then they came to Knockdones where George was Shepherd, and died there. I understand Aunt Lizzie went to Braehead in 1825, she died there about the same time as her brother James died at Dalgig. I can remember her quite well at Braehead, she only had one daughter who married a man whose name was CAMPBELL and I mind Elizabeth CAMPBELL, grand daughter of Aunt Lizzie’s, serving in Fardenreoch. Ellen married Thomas LAIDLAW, a laird about Kirkconnel. They had only two of a family, Thomas and Ellen. I have heard that after the death of her husband Aunt Ellen came with her two children and lived many years at Brunston. When the family came of age they returned to Kirkconnel, Thomas taking up his father’s property, married and died about 1840 leaving five daughters and one son also named Thomas, who has been a bank agent in Stewarton for 40 years, now retired I think. One of his daughters was the mother of the ex-Provost HUNTER a well-known merchant in Cumnock”.
“Aunt Lizzie’s only daughter became a Mrs SHAW, whose son, Thomas Shaw, was for many years a merchant in Sanquhar; a worthy man in every respect. He was at Craigman in 1875 and died a few years afterwards. William, I find in Old Cumnock Parish Record (which I got from Mr Andrew KERR) was born at Corsoncon on 27 April 1760. He was a merchant in Cumnock in company with a Mr Thomas GEMMEL (father of the late Thomas GEMMEL, Editor of Ayr Advertiser), but the business and partnership was not a success. William sold off and went to America, married in that country and died some years afterwards, leaving a widow and 7 children. Before leaving for America, William gave my father his writing desk and I am writing on the same desk now. Thomas (I think Mr CAMPBELL will probably know more about his Grandfather than I do) but I remember him very well. He was a cheery man and a fast walker at his age, and he told me some very good stories when he came to Dalgig, and which I remember my Uncle John RICHMOND enjoyed very much. Some of his stories I have never forgotten although it is 54 years since I heard them. In New Cumnock old records I find ‘Thomas, son of George CAMPBELL and Margaret Boyle born at Corsoncan 22nd September or December 1762’, but I cannot make out which month. Of course William CAMPBELL will know that his father had the farm of Cairn, Old Cumnock and between 1820 and 1830 he removed to a farm near Kirkoswald and about 1857 he came to Stroan. The last time I saw Uncle Thomas he was at Stroan in July 1847 not long after Mrs RIDDELL was married. One of the Miss HERON’s was staying there then. I don’t know the date of uncle and aunts death, neither have I heard whether Mrs HERON and Mrs CALDWELL are living yet or not. I know William died 31 August 1884 at Craigsland, Troon”. “I have heard that our old friend George CAMPBELL, Blackfarden was brought up at Dalgig as one of the family by his aunt and uncle till he reached manhood. My aunt, Mrs. CAMPBELL told me when her grandfather, George CAMPBELL died in Maneight, his funeral was the largest ever seen in the parish in these days. When they first of them were crossing Pamath Burn, the last were not left the house. My aunt Mrs McCAIG also told me that Uncle Thomas went to America when he was a young man and she thought he went with his brother William, but only stayed a few months. She said my grandfather and one GEMMEL were in the Stackyard at Dalgig putting in a stack of corn, when GEMMEL said, “If Thomas CAMPBELL is living yonder he is coming past Auchengee” and which proved true. It was Thomas but they had never heard he was coming nor had any intention of doing so.”
There was another branch of CAMPBELL’s in New Cumnock who lived at Dalhanna Farm. They were the lairds of New Cumnock and as yet we have been unable to prove a direct link to this family though they lived tantalisingly close at times, and were both involved with the covenanting period.
Ivie CAMPBELL (1833-1910) wrote that “ The late William CAMPBELL Esq. of Dalhanna, often told my father that one of my father’s ancestors in Burnton (a farm near New Cumnock), during the time of the persecution, being out on the hill was pursued by the soldiers. He fled over the hills and found refuge in some secret place in the braes above Dalhanna House”. The CAMPBELL’s of Dalhanna had many a narrow escape at that time, as they were known to be friendly to the Covenanters.
IVIE CAMPBELL (1833-1910)
The following notes are taken from George SANDERSON's book 'New Cumnock Far and Away'
'By an Act of Parliament 1855, all births, marriages and deaths had to be officially registered. Up to then the Parish church minister kept a note of christenings, that was all. First name in the marriage register was Ivie CAMPBELL, a widower who was marrying his housekeeper, Jean LEE. (Please note that this Ivie was in fact the father of Ivie (1833-1910). Jean Lee was his stepmother.) Ivie farmed Dalgig and since another CAMPBELL in Dalhanna was now aged, Ivie had replaced him as the leading farmer in the district. Witnesses to the marriage were the surgeon and a landowner.
Ivie's father or more probably his mother had wished him to enter the ministry and after study he was licensed to preach but his father died suddenly and Ivie returned to farming. He looked like a farmer with the fashionable mutton chop-whiskers.(Ivie was educated at the University of Glasgow and was training to be a Presbyterian minister.)
Ivie, unlike other farmers, wouldn't employ women on fieldwork, felt that it demeaned them. Any tramp passing through, if he said his name was CAMPBELL was certain of porridge and milk. Hungry Irish travelers searching for work and a place to stay could always rest for a few days at Dalgig till they regained their strength.
By mid century he had reclaimed most of the moors up to 1000 feet altitude and was awarded the Highland Society gold medal for his efforts. All this time he was breeding Ayrshire cattle and Clydesdale horses and was on the committee of the Ayrshire Agricultural Society. One of his farm servants, was easily recognised, he was a black West Indian, Geordie GRAHAM, who regularly carried home to Dalgig the red tickets from the cattle shows. Away from farmwork he was an elder of the church, one of the originators of a library in 1828 and the curling challenge cup sat on his sideboard for years. He was famous for breeding greyhounds. The Waterloo Coursing Club championship was, in 1861, at Liverpool and he entered Canaradzo (see CARABRADZO) he always dreamed up names that no else had used; in the final the dog romped home to take a small fortune of £500 prize and the great Waterloo Cup, the Blue Riband of hare-coursing. Ivie refused offers for the dog; a week later when bounding over the mosshags at Dalgig it met with an accident and had to be destroyed'
George SANDERSON also records the following notes from the Kirk Session records of 1833: 'Ivy CAMPBELL, James GIBSON, Elisabeth LEES and Wilhemina BROWN were the young servants thrown together on the isolated Dalgig farm, the inevitable seemed to have occurred. On evidence from JAMES, the elders accused Ivy of being guilty with Elisabeth but this he denied. GIBSON went on to accuse Ivy of 'fornicating' on another occasion with Elisabeth. More witnesses were called including a builder from Cumnock who was helping to erect the new parish church and the new barn at Dalgig. All the evidence jogged Ivy's memory and he pled guilty and said he was sorry. Elisabeth was publicly rebuked in church but Ivy got off more lightly, his punishment was in the privacy of the vestry'
FAMILY RECORD OF IVIE CAMPBELL, DALGIG AND HIS DESCENDANTS (COMPILED BY IVIE CAMPBELL 1833-1910)
Ivie CAMPBELL was born at Garclaugh, New Cumnock 30 Sep 1754. Married (first) Jean GEMMEL in 1773 and took the farm of House of Water.
Their family: -
Ivie CAMPBELL married (second) Margaret DUNBAR, daughter of William DUNBAR, Blackend, Sorn in 1786 having taken the farm of Dalgig in 1785.
Family of Second Marriage
George CAMPBELL married Janet McDONALD and lived in Lanehead, New Cumnock
William CAMPBELL married Jean SCOTT and lived in Braehead, New Cumnock
Margaret CAMPBELL married to William FISHER, Craignarget, Glenluce.
Isabella CAMPBELL - married William GRAHAM, Marchburn, New Cumnock
Jean CAMPBELL - (died Airlick 25 May 1859) married William BROWN, Airlick
Janet CAMPBELL - (died 1876) married Andrew CAMPBELL, Rankeston
Tomina CAMPBELL -(died 5 Nov 1841) marrried Alexander ROWAN, Killantrae
Ellen CAMPBELL -(died April 1867) married David FERGUSON, Wood
Ivie CAMPBELL (1799-1867) married Jean RICHMOND and lived Dalgig, New Cumnock
A painting of Ivie CAMPBELL (1799-1867) sold on E-Bay for £200 in January 2008.
Wilhemina CAMPBELL (died 25 Apr 1876) married to Thomas McCAIG Marchfarm, Kirkinner (Wigtownshire)
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