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Soden in the Revolutionary War

Many thanks to Glenn Soden, who has deciphered the meaning behind the words.  Without him, they would be just names on a piece of paper still.

Name Cemetery Location Reference
SODEN, Thomas First Pres Ch Cem Cranbury NJ 76 Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots, Vol.4, p.  —Serial:  ; Volume:  

 

Revolutionary War Muster Rolls, 1775-83

 
Surname Given Name Middle Initial Rank - Induction Rank - Discharge Notes ROLL-BOX ROLL-EXCT
 
SOWDEN THOMAS   PRIVATE     95  
SOWDEN WILLIAM   CORPL     95  
SOUDEN JACOB   PRIVATES     99  
BODEN EDWARD   PRIVATE     17  
BODEN WM   FIRST LIUT     122  
LODEN JEFSE   PRIVATE     94  
LODEN JEFSE   PRIVT     94  
LODEN JEFSEE   DRUM AND FIFE     94  
LODEN JEFSEE   PRIVATE     94  
LODEN JESSE   DRUMER AND FIFER     94  
LODEN JOHN   DRUM     76  
LODEN JOHN   PRIV     102  
LODEN JOHN   PRIVATE     102  
LODEN JONATHN   PRIVATE     87  
LODEN RUBEN   PRIVATE     58  
LODEN WILLIAM   PRIVT     94  
LODEN WM   PRIVATE     94  
LODEN WM   PRIVT     94  
Surname Given Name Status Rank - Induction Location Certificate Notes Source ROLL

-BOX

SODEN JN   PRIVATE         102
SODEN JOHN   PRIVATE Middlesex Co, NJ 1462/10Jun1784 L2:13:9 Indent A Rev War pg 306 102
SODEN JONA   MATROSS         120
SODEN JONATHAN   MATROSS         120
SODEN JONATHAN   PRIVATE         87
SODEN JONATHN   PRIVATE         87
SODEN JOSHUA KIA PRIVATE         55
SODEN JOSHUA   PRIVT         55
SODEN TOTHN   PRIVATE Middlesex Co, NJ   (Probably Thomas)    87
SODEN WM KIA PRIVATE From Cranbury, NJ       94
BROACE SODON   SEARJEANT         96
SODON JEFHUA   PRIVT         55
SODON JOHN   FIFER         72
SODON JONATHAN   PRIVATE         87
SODON JOSUAH   PRIVATE         56
Surname Given Name Status Rank - Induction Location Certificate Notes Source ROLL

-Box

THOMPSON SOWDON   PRIVATE         85
A Matross is a Cannon.
Alphabetical List of Officers of the Regular Army (From Its Organization, September 29, 1789, to 1903) Who Were Killed or Wounded in Action or Taken Prisoner, With Date and Place.
S.  Vol 2
page 258
Soden, James E., 2 lt 3 N J inf.
Revolutionary Census of New Jersey:

An Index, Based on Ratables, Of the inhabitants of New Jersey During the Period of the American Revolution  By Ken Tryker-Rodda, c. 1972, Polyanthos, Inc. Louisiana lists:

1778-1780  at page 192

Soden, John (Monmouth, Middlesex)

Soden/Sodon, John and Thomas (Middlesex, New Brunswick South Ward)

Sowden, William (Monmouth, Upper Freehold)

Snowdon, Thomas (Monmouth, Freehold)

New York Pensioners, 1835

County: West Chester Co.
Name: Jonathan Sodon
Rank: Private
Annual Allowance: 96 00
Sums Received: 182 89
Description of service: Connecticut line
When placed on the pension roll: May 5, 1818
Commencement of pension: April 9, 1818
Age: 65
Laws under which inscribed, increased or reduced OR Remarks.: Dropped under act May 1, 1820.

 
County: West Chester Co.
Name: Jonathan Sodon
Rank: Private
Annual Allowance: 96 00
Sums Received: 103 67
Description of service: Connecticut line
When placed on the pension roll: May 5, 1818
Commencement of pension: May 26, 1823
Age: -
Laws under which inscribed, increased or reduced OR Remarks.: Restored under act March 1, 1823. Died June 23, 1824.

NEW YORK IN THE REVOLUTION AS COLONY AND STATE


Heading: Dutchess County Militia -- Sixth Regiment
Rank: Enlisted Men
Name: John Sodon

From NJ Archives regarding Sodens in the REV WAR and in the Whiskey Rebellion in 1793 as follows: 

"SODEN, John.    Privte (sp), Middlesex County Militia.
    Received certificate No. 1462, dated June 10, 1784, and signed by Thomson
Steele, for L2:13:9, for the depreciation of his Continental pay in the
Middlesex County Militia.  (Indents, 'A', Rev. War, page 306)."
"SODON, John Sr.
    Received from Azariah Dunham, A.C.P., certificate dated April 10, 1780,
for L63:10:0, Continental.  (C.G.D., No. 2, Voucher No. 473)."
"SODEN, William. 
    Private, Captain David Chamber's Company, 3rd Regiment, Middlesex County
Militia; was in active service from January 1777, to April 1777, at which
latter date he was killed at Bennett's Island,
(Inv. #22373-David Luker; Inv. #671-John Irvin)" 
 [Joyce, these latter references indicate that the pension applications for David Luker and John
Irvin, both residents of Cranbury / So. Amboy and participants in the REV WAR
have affidavits regarding William Soden]
  "SODAN, Joshua.
    Private, Captain McMyer's Company, lst Regiment, New Jersey Continental Line; 
enlisted April 18, 1777, for the war; on rolls in 1777, as 'supposed to
be with Militia at Pompton'; dead, November 20, 1778.
(Mss. 3772, page 51, and 2238)."    [likely reference to Pompton Plains, NJ?]
"SODDEN, Thomas.  Private, Middlesex County Militia.
    Received certificate No. 1308, dated June 10, 1784, and signed by Thomson
Steele, for L1:16:9, for the depreciation of his Continental pay in the
Middlesex County Militia. (Mil. 2nd yr., page 189)"

Re: Our Jonathan Soden, b. ca. 1776, d. ca. JAN-1848

"Roll and Muster of Capt. Ezekiel Price Company Grenadiers in 3 Regt. of New
Jersey Pay Master Sept. 20, 1794:

MUSTER ROLL of the Company of Granadiers under the command of Captain Ezekiel
Price in the Service of the United States, commanded by Coll. Jonathan Forman
  Trenton the 20th Sept-1794:
lists:  Rank Private - Name - Jonathan Sodon - Dates of appointment or
inliftment - from the 12th Sept-94 - Remarks and Alterations fince laft
Return. - Abfent without Leave"

Jonathan is also listed in "Compiled Records of the Middlesex County, New
Jersey Militia 1791-1795" by Russell K. Dutcher III, c. 1996, Clearfield Co.,
Inc. Baltimore, MD, at page 126 as a private in Captain Ezekial Price's
Company of the Middlesex Militia Attached to the Third Regiment of Infantry
12 September to 24 December 1794".    [Note Jonathan married Lydia Applegate
in December, 1794]

Laurance Sadan is listed as a private at page 50 in a "List of the Three Mile
Run Company of the Middlesex Militia Commanded by Captain John Voorhees this
13th April 1793"
From Rhode Island State Archives, 337 Westminster St., Providence, RI 02903
we have many file card references the Jonathan Soden / Sodan who served in
the MA and RI and also Continental Army at Valley Forge - legend reports are
that he ran away from home to join the REV WAR and served many years - his
pension file at Nat'l Archives (portions of which you placed on the Web site)
relate his activities and family - marrying a widow Mary Gorman from RI and
moving to Orange Co., NY and having a son David and a daughter Lydia who
married a Peck and a Turner.  [at least two DAR files and one SAR file relate
to this Jonathan).
The card I will recite ties this Jonathan to NJ as follows:
"Soden Jonathan B. Middletown N.J. R. Rov. R.I. (Tanner) Enlisted Jan. 10,
1781 for 3 yrs; age 27; size 5 ft 10 in; dark hair; dark complexion. R. I.
regt for year 1781 etc. Regtl Book S. A. I. 13."
 

"    LIEUTENANT JAMES EDWARD SODEN. 
Lient. James E. Soden enlisted as a private in Company E, 7th Regt. Freehold, March 3, 183  (I also inquired if this date was 1883, as it is missing a digit).  He was then seventeen years of age.  He was elected Corporal, May 5m, 1888; Sergeant, April 2, 1892;  Second Lieutenant, January 16, 1897.
    His father, James R. Soden, of this place, enlisted in 1862 with the 29th N. J. Vols., and was promoted to be a corporal and later to be sergeant.  Two brothers also were in the 14th Regt., one of them, Daniel P. Soden, was killed in action at Cold Harbor, charging the Breastworks.
    In the War of 1812 Lieut. Soden's grandfather, Simeon Freeman, was attached to a company of infantry and was at the Highlands when the enemy was repulsed from landing.  In the Revolutionary War his great grandfather, Michael Erickson, fought with the New Jersey troops.  Jonathan Craig, Lieut. Soden's Great-grandfather on his father's side, was killed at the battle of Monmouth.  His great-grandmother, wife of Jonathan Craig, afterwards married a Soden and her son, Jonathan Craig, added the name of his stepfather - Soden.
    Lieut. Soden also had several cousins who served in the War of 1861 - Robert Soden, who was killed in the Shenandoah Valley; Charles Soden, who was in the 29th; Rhea Soden, in the 14th, and Jacob Soden in the 38th. 
    James Freeman, (brother of the late Wm. H. Freeman, of this place) son of Simeon Freeman, above mentioned, was in the 48th N.Y. Vols., with George Sparks, of Freehold.  "
    Original Source:  "Monmouth Democrat", Freehold, N.J. Thursday, April 28, 1898.  (Transcribed by Lois Walker, of MCGS)

 


Full Context of Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution, 17 Vols. Volume 14, page 632

Soden
, Jonathan (alias Jonathan Stoddard), Sudbury. Gunner, Capt. Callender's co., Col. John Crane's (Artillery) regt.; Continental Army pay accounts for service from March 26, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; residence, Sudbury; credited to town of Sudbury; reported as serving 17 mos. 5 days as Matross, 16 [p.632] mos. as Gunner; also, Matross, Capt. William Perkins's co., Col. Crane's regt.; muster rolls for Sept.-Dec., 1777; reported on command at the Northward; also, pay roll of a detachment of artillery commanded by Lieut. James Hall, Col. John Crane's regt., for Nov. and Dec., 1777, detachment having served and received pay in Northern department to the last of Oct., 1777; also, Capt. Lieut. John Callender's co., Col. Crane's regt.; muster rolls for Nov. and Dec., 1778, dated Providence; also, Gunner, same co. and regt.; muster roll for April, 1779, dated Camp at Providence; enlisted Feb. 1, 1779; enlistment, 3 years; reported a wagoner in the country; also, Capt. Slewman's co., Col. Crane's regt.; Continental Army pay accounts for service from Jan. 1, 1780, to April 11, 1780; also, descriptive list dated Jan. 11, 1781; Capt. John Slueman's co., 3d Artillery regt.; rank, Gunner; age, 28 yrs.; stature, 5 ft. 9 in.; complexion, dark; engaged March 15, 1777, by Lieut. Hall; reported discharged March 15, 1780.
Volume 14
page 632

Sodin, Samuel. Private, Capt. Samuel Barnard's co. of militia, Col. Thomas Gardner's regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; service, 4 days. Roll endorsed “Watertown.”

 New Jersey Census, 1772-1890


Year Surname Given Name (s) County State Page Township or Other Info Record Type Database ID#
1792 CRAIG JONATHAN Monmouth County NJ 003 Freehold Township Jun, August Tax
         List June Tax List NJ Early Census Index NJS1b834986
1792 CRAIG JONATHAN Monmouth County NJ 003 Freehold Township Jun, August Tax
         List June Tax List NJ Early Census Index NJS1b834989
1793 CRAIG JONATHAN Monmouth County NJ   Freehold June Tax List NJ Tax Lists
         Index 1772-1822 NJS1b834988
1815 CRAIG JONATHAN Somerset County NJ 003 Bedminster Townshiptx August Tax
        List NJ Tax Lists Index 1772-1822 NJS1b834987
1830 CRAIG JONATHAN Monmouth County NJ 307 Freehold Township Federal
        Population Schedule NJ 1830 Federal Census Index NJ558425360
1860 CRAIG JONATHAN Salem County NJ 079 Upper Pettsgrove Township Federal
        Population Schedule NJ 1860 Federal Census Index NJ24321952
Year Surname Given Name (s) County State Page Township or Other Info Record Type Database ID#
1830 SODEN JONATHAN Middlesex County NJ 274 South Amboy Township Federal
        Population Schedule NJ 1830 Federal Census Index NJS3a1730735
1850 SODEN JONATHAN C. Monmouth County NJ 274 Manalapan Township Federal
        Population Schedule NJ 1850 Federal Census Index NJS6a2733588
        

About 26 regiments, total strength of regular militia, were to be formed. They were to be apportioned among the counties: Bergen -1 regiment, Essex -2 regiments or four battalions, Middlesex -2 regiments, Monmouth -3 regiments, Morris -2 regiments and one battalion, Sussex -2 regiments and one battalion, Burlington 2 regiments and one company of rangers, Gloucester -3 battalions, Salem -1 regiment, Cumberland -2 battalions, Cape May one battalion, Somerset- 2 regiments, and Hunterdon- 4 regiments.

(Note-A regiment at full strength was usually 10 companies of 60 to 80 men, a battalion was 4 to 8 companies)
Also were formed Minute-man Companies-

These minute-men were to serve 4 months terms of inactive duty, standing by, then to be relieved "unless upon actual service". Each company was to have 64 privates, and to be formed into 10 battalions for the entire Province:

Bergen County - one batt. of 4 companies, Essex - one batt. of 6 companies, Middlesex - one batt. of 6 companies, Monmouth - one batt. of 6 companies, Somerset - one batt. of 5 companies, Morris - one batt. of 6 companies, Sussex - one batt. of 5 companies, Hunterdon - one batt. of 8 companies, Burlington - one batt. of 5 companies, Glouster and Salem- one batt. of seven companies with 4 from Glouster and 3 from Salem, Cumberland - 3 companies, Cape May - one company

http://www.eclipse.net/~gvalis/ggv/NJrev/NJrev.html

 

Officers & Men in the Revolutionary War, Part I, Official Roster of State Troops and Militia, Page 761

Snowden, John  Captain Duryea's company, First Battalion, Somerset

Snowden, William, Monmouth

Soden, John, Middlesex

Soden, Thomas, Middlesex

Officers & Men in the Revolutionary War, Part I, Official Roster of the Continental Troops,

Page 288

Soden, Joshua.  Captain M'Mues' company, First Battalion, Second Establishment.