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Revolutionary War Company Muster Rolls of John Chesher
6th & 10th Va. Regiment
Abstracted by Jeanne Chesher Johnson on November 11, 2001, jj@tampabay.rr.com
with research comments
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Form 543 - Company Muster Roll
10th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Capt. Thomas West's Co., 10th Virginia Regiment
Company Muster Roll
June 1778
Roll dated July 6, 1778
Term of enlistment: 1 year
Casualties: Valley Forge
Research Note: "Valley Forge" in the Casualties row must have been in error and should have been listed in "Remarks"


Form 545 - Company Pay Roll
10th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Captain Thomas West's Co., 10th Virginia Regiment, commanded by Col. John Green.
Appears on Company Pay Roll
June 1778
Pay per month: 6-2/3 Dollars
Remarks: Valley Forge

++++++

Form 543 - Company Muster Roll
10th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
___[rank left blank], { Captain Thomas West's Co., 10th Virginia Regiment, commanded by Col. John Green.
July 1778
Roll dated White Plains, August 3, 1778
Term of Enlistment: 1 year
Remarks: Hos V Forge [hospital at Valley Forge]

Form 545 - Company Pay Roll
10th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Captain Thomas West's Co., 10th Virginia Regiment, commanded by Col. John Green
Appears on Company Pay Roll
July 1789
Pay per month: 6-2/3
Remarks: Hos V Forge [Hospital at Valley Forge]

++++++

Form 543 - Company Muster Roll
10th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Captain Thomas West's Co., 10th Virginia Regiment, commanded by Col. John Green.
Appears on Company Muster Roll of the month:
August 1778
Roll dated White Plains, September
Term of enlistment: 1 year
Remarks: Hos F Creek [hospital French Creek]

Form 545 - Company Pay Roll
10th Virginia Regiment
Jno Chesher
Private, {Captain Thomas West's Company, 10th Virginia Reg't, commanded by Col. William Russell.
Appears on Company Pay Roll
August 1778
Pay per month: 6-2/3 Dolls
Remarks: Sick Absent

++++++

Form 543 - Company Muster Roll
6th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Captain Thomas West's Company belonging to the 6th Virginia Reg't commanded by Colonel William Russell.*
*This company was designated at various times as Capt. Thomas West's Capt. and Capt.-Lieut. James Williams' and Lieut. Thomas Pearson's Company.
Appears on Company Muster Roll of the month:
Sept 1778
Roll dated Robertson's Oct 5
Term of enlistment: 1 year
Remarks: Com'd Foot

Form 545 - Company Pay Roll
6th Virginia Regiment
Jno. Chesher
Private, {Capt. Thomas West's Company, 6 Virginia Regiment of Foot, commanded by Col. William Russell*
*This company was designated at various times as Capt. Thomas West's, Capt. and Capt.-Lieut. James Williams' and Lieut. Thomas Pearson's Company.
Appears on the Company Pay Roll of the month:
Sept 1778
Amount: 20 Dollars
Remarks: Deducted June & July

Form 548d - Return
10th Virginia Regiment
John Chessher
Appears with the rank of Pvt on a return of Men Recruited and Draughted for Cap' Thomas West's Company of the 10th Virginia Regt Commd by Col. W. Russell.
Return dated Sept 8, 1778
Enlisted: 1 Yr
Remarks: Hospital French Creek

++++++

Form 543 - Company Muster Roll
6th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Capt. James Williams' Company of Foot belonging to the 6th Virginia Reg't, commanded by Col. William Russell.*
*This company was designated at various times as Capt. Thomas West's, Capt. and Capt.-Lieut. James Williams' and Lieut. Thomas Pearson's Company.
Appears on Company Muster Roll of the month:
October 1778
Roll dated Dec 19

Form 545 - Company Pay Roll
6th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Capt. James Williams' Company of Foot belonging to the 6th Virginia Reg't, commanded by Col. William Russell.*
*This company was designated at various times as Capt. Thomas West's, Capt. and Capt.-Lieut. James Williams' and Lieut. Thomas Pearson's Company.
Appears on the Company Pay Roll of the month:
Oct 1778
Amount: 46-2/3 Dollars
Remarks: Draughted the 16th Feby & have only drawn September's Pay

++++++

Form 543 - Company Muster Roll
6th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Capt. James Williams' Company of Foot belonging to the 6th Virginia Reg't, commanded by Col. William Russell.*
*This company was designated at various times as Capt. Thomas West's, Capt. and Capt.- Lieut. James Williams' and Lieut. Thomas Pearson's Company.
Appears on Company Muster Roll of the month:
Nov 1778
Roll dated Dec 19

Form 545 - Company Pay Roll
6th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Capt. James Williams' Company of Foot belonging to the 6th Virginia Reg't, commanded by Col. William Russell.*
*This company was designated at various times as Capt. Thomas West's, Capt. and Capt.-Lieut. James Williams' and Lieut. Thomas Pearson's Company.
Appears on Company Pay Roll of the month:
Nov 1778
Pay per month 6-2/3 Dollars

++++++

Form 543 - Company Muster Roll
6th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Capt. James Williams' Company of the 6th Virginia Reg't, commanded by Col. John Green.*
*This company was designated at various times as Capt. Thomas West's, Capt. and Capt.-Lieut. James Williams' and Lieut. Thomas Pearson's Company.
Appears on Company Muster Roll of the month:
Dec 1778
Roll dated Middle Brook January 14, 1779
Term of enlistment 1 year

Form 545 - Company Pay Roll
6th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Capt. James Williams' Company of the 6th Virginia Reg't, commanded by Col. John Green.*
*This company was designated at various times as Capt. Thomas West's, Capt. and Capt.-Lieut. James Williams' and Lieut. Thomas Pearson's Company.
Appears on Company Pay Roll of the month:
Dec 1778
Pay per month 6-2/3 Dollars

++++++

Form 543 - Company Muster Roll
6th Virginia Regiment
John Chesher
Private, {Capt. James William's Company of Foot belonging to the 6th Virginia Regiment, commanded by Col. John Green.*
*This company was designated at various times as Capt. Thomas West's, Capt., and Capt.-Lieut. James Williams' and Lieut. Thomas Pearson's Company.
Appears on Company Muster Roll of the month:
January 1779
Roll dated Camp Middle Brook, February 4
Term of enlistment 1 year

++++++

Form 547
6th Regiment
John Chessere
Sol Inf
Appears in a Book* under the following heading:  "A list of Soldiers of the Virginia Line on Continental Establishment who have received Certificates for the balance of there [sic] pay Agreeable to an Act of Assembly passed November Session 1781."

REVOLUTIONARY WAR
By whom Received: himself
Day when: Mch 6, 1784
Sum L88-1-4 [88 pounds-1-4]

*This book bears the following certificate: " This Register contains a true abstract of all the certificates issued at the Auditor's Office to Officers & Soldiers of the Virginia line on Continental establishment.

J. Pendleton, Auditor.
Aud'rs Office, 1 Aug 1792
Teste: J. Carter"
Vol. 176; page 121
R.W. Pearson, Copyist

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RESEARCH NOTES

The muster rolls and pay rolls represent two regiments:
June, July, Aug = 10th
Sept, Oct, Nov, Dec = 6th

The 10th Rgt. pay rolls = 3 months of pay

The 6th Rgt. pay rolls = 12 months of pay? A comment on Sept's says that 2 months are deducted. However, it appears by dollar amt. that 12 months total has been paid out.

No muster rolls or pay rolls exist in this group of records for the months of Mar, Apr, May of 1778 and January and February 1779, which would be needed to equal 12 months of pay based upon a draft date of Feb. 16th, 1778. This draft date was stated on the October pay roll form of the 6th rgt.

The Pay Roll for the 6th Regiment in October states in the comment section: Draughted in the 16th Feby & have only drawn September's pay. John Chesher is then paid 46-2/3 dollars (equal to 7 months which makes sense: Mar, Apr, May, June, July, Aug, Sept, Oct is 8 months and Sept is subtracted for a net amount of 7 months.) However, this conflicts with the comment section on the pay roll form for October which states that John has not been paid for any month except September. The John Chesher in the 10th Rgt. was paid for June, July, and August!

The total amount of pay represented by these records is for 15 months of service. Even if we deduct two months of pay if we interpret the confusing comment on Sept. Pay Roll to mean that the dollar amount on the pay roll form was deducted by two months, the total amount of pay would be for 13 months. The enlistment period was 12 months.

Mar 1778 - No Muster Roll, No Pay Roll
Apr 1778 - No Muster Roll, No Pay Roll
May 1778 - No Muster Roll, No Pay Roll
June 1778 - Muster Roll, Pay Roll - 1 Month 10th Regt.
July 1778 - Muster Roll, Pay Roll - 1 Month 10th Regt.
Aug 1778 - Muster Roll, Pay Roll - 1 Month 10th Regt.
Sept 1778 - Muster Roll 1 Mo/Pay Roll 3 Mo (but notation that "deducted June & July) 6th Rgt
Oct 1778 - Muster Roll 1 Mo/Pay Roll 7 Mo (notation - drafted Feb, only drawn Sept) 6th Rgt
Nov 1778 - Muster Roll/Pay Roll 1 Month 6th Regt
Dec 1778 - Muster Roll/Pay Roll 1 Month 6th Regt
Jan 1779 - No Muster Roll, No Pay Roll
Feb 1779 - No Muster Roll, No Pay Roll

According to one researcher, Lt. Col Samuel Hawes was commander of the 10th Va. Reg't which, on Sept. 14, 1778, had a designation change to become the 6th Reg't.

These records belong to John Baptist Cheshire and agrees with his pension application dated May 16, 1829. He was born abt. 1753 and died August 10, 1836.

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