Governor Bradfords Accounting of the Mayflower Passengers
Mayflower Descendant 1899: 1:1:16
The names of those which came over first, in ye year . 1620. and were (by the blesing of God) the first beginers, and (in a sort) the foundation, of all the plantations, and Colonies, in New England. (And their families.)
mr John Carver. Kathrine his wife. Desire Minter; & .2. man-servants John Howland Roger Wilder. William Latham, a boy. & a maid servant. & a child yt was put to him called, Jasper More
mr William Brewster. Mary his wife, with .2. sons, whose names were
Love, & Wrasling. and a boy was put to him called Richard More; and another of his brothers the rest of his childeren were left behind & came over afterwards.
mr Edward Winslow Elizabeth his wife, & 2 men servants, caled Georg Sowle, and Elias Story; also a litle girle was put to him caled Ellen, the sister of Richard More.
William Bradford, and Dorathy his wife, having but one child, a sone left behind, who came afterward.
mr Isaack Allerton, and Mary. his wife; with .3. children Bartholmew Remember, & Mary. and a servant boy, John Hooke.
mr Samuell fuller; and a servant, caled William Butten. His wife was
behind & a child, which came afterwards.
John Crakston and his sone John Crakston
Captin Myles Standish and Rose, his wife
Mr Christpher Martin, and his wife; and .2. servants, Salamon prower, and John Langemore
mr William Mullines, and his wife; and .2. children Joseph, & priscila; and a servant Robart Carter.
mr William White, and Susana his wife; and one sone caled resolved, and one borne a ship-bord caled perigriene; & .2. servants, named William Holbeck, & Edward Thomson
mr Steven Hopkins, & Elizabeth his wife; and .2. children, caled Giles,and Constanta a doughter, both by a former wife. And .2. more by this wife, caled Damaris, & Oceanus, the last was borne at sea. And .2. servants, called Edward Doty, and Edward Litster.
mr Richard Warren, but his wife and children were lefte behind and came afterwards
John Billinton, and Elen his wife: and .2. sones John, & Francis.
Edward Tillie, and Ann his wife: and .2. childeren that were their cossens; Henery Samson, and Humillity Coper
John Tillie, and his wife; and Eelizabeth their doughter
Francis Cooke, and his sone John; But his wife & other children came afterwards
Thomas Rogers, and Joseph his sone; his other children came afterwards.
Thomas Tinker, and his wife, and a Sone
John Rigdale; and Alice his wife.
James Chilton, and his wife, and Mary their dougter; they had another
doughter yt was maried came afterward.
Edward fuller, and his wife; and Samuell their sonne
John Turner, and .2. sones; he had a doughter came some years after to
Salem, wher she is now living.
Francis Eaton. and Sarah his wife, and Samuell their sone, a yong child
Moyses fletcher, John Goodman, Thomas Williams, Digerie Preist, Edmond Margeson,
Peter Browne, Richard Britterige, Richard Clarke, Richard Gardenar, Gilbart Winslow
John Alden was hired for a cooper, at South-Hampton wher the ship victuled; and being a hopefull yong man was much desired, but left to his owne liking to go, or stay when he came here, but he stayed, and maryed here.
John Allerton, and Thomas Enlish were both hired, the later to goe mr of a
shalop here. and ye other was reputed as one of ye company, but was to go back (being a seaman) for the help of others behind. But they both dyed here, before the shipe returned.
Ther were allso other .2. seamen hired to stay a year here in the country,
William Trevore; and one Ely. But when their time was out they both returned.
These bening aboute a hundred sowls came over in this first ship; and began this
worke, which god of his goodnes hath hithertoo blesed; let his holy name have ye praise.
And seeing it hath pleased him to give me to see. 30. years compleated, since these
beginings. And that the great works of his providence are to be observed. I have thought
it not unworthy my paines, to take a veiw of the decreasings, & Increasings of these
persons, and such change as hath pased over them, & theirs, in this thirty years. It
may be of some use to such as come after; but however I shall rest in my owne benefite.
I will therefore take them in order as they lye.
mr Carver and his wife, dyed the first year, he in ye spring, she in ye somer;
also his man Roger, and ye litle boy Jasper, dyed before either of them, of ye commone
Infection. Desire Minter, returned to her freind & proved not very well, and dyed in
England. His servant boy Latham after more then .20. years stay in the country went into
England; and from thence to the Bahamy Ilands in ye west Indees; and ther with some others
was stavred for want of food. His maid servant maried, &c dyed a year or tow after
here in this place. His servant John Howland maried the doughter of
John Tillie, Elizabeth, and they are both now living; and have
.10. children now all living and their eldest doughter hath .4.
children And ther .2. dougter, one, all living and other of their Children mariagable. so
.15. are come of them.
mr Brewster lived to very old age; about .80. years he was when he dyed, having
lived some .23. or .24. years here in ye countrie. & though his wife dyed long before,
yet she dyed aged. His sone Wrastle dyed a yonge man unmaried; his sone Love, lived till
this year . 1650. and dyed, & left .4.children, now living. His doughters which came
over after him, are dead but have left sundry children alive; his eldst sone is still
liveing, and hath .9. or . 10. children, one maried. who hath a child, or .2.
Richard More, his brother dyed the first winter; but he is maried, and hath .4. or .5. children, all living.
mr Ed: Winslow, his wife dyed the first winter; and he maried with the 2. widow of mr White, and hath .2. children living by her marigable, beside sundry that are dead. one of his servants dyed, as also the litle girle soone after the ships arivall. But his man Georg Sowle, is still living, and hath .8. children.
William Bradford, his wife dyed soone after their arivall; and he maried againe; and hath .4. children, .3: wherof are maried. who dyed 9 of May, 1658.
mr Allerton his wife dyed with the first, and his servant John Hooke. his sone Bartle is maried in England but I know not how many children he hath. His doughter remember is maried at Salem & hath .3. or .4 children living. And his doughter mary is maried here, & hath 4. children. Him selfe maried againe with ye dougter of mr Brewster, & hath one sone living by here but she is long since dead. And he is maried againe, and hath left this place long agoe. So I account his Increase to be :8: beside his sons in England.
mr ffuller, his servant dyed at sea; and after his wife came over, he had .2.tow children by her; which are living and growne up to years. but he dyed some .15. years agoe. [GEB note? wife and child came afterward. see p. 9]
John Crakston dyed in the first mortality; and about some .5. or 6. years after his sone dyed, having lost him selfe in ye wodes, his feet became frosen, which put him into a feavor, of which he dyed.
Captain Standish his wife dyed in the first sicknes; and he maried againe, and hath .4. sones liveing, and some are dead. who dyed . 3. of Octob. 1655.
mr Martin, he, and all his, dyed in the first Infection; not long after the arivall.
mr Molines, and his wife, his sone, & his servant dyed the first winter.
Only his dougter priscila survied, and maried with John Alden, who are both living, and
have .11. children. And their eldest daughter is maried & hath five children.[GEB
Note:See N. E. Memorial, p. 22.This entry is in a different hand.]
mr White, and his .2. servants dyed soone after ther landing. His wife maried with mr Winslow (as is before noted) His .2. sons are maried, and resolved hath . 5. children; perigrine tow, all living. So their Increase are :7
mr Hopkins, and his wife are now both dead; but they lived above .20. years in this place, and had one sone, and .4. doughters borne here. Ther sone became a seaman, & dyed at Barbadoes, one daughter dyed here. and .2. are maried. one of them hath .2. children, and one is yet to mary. So their Increase, which still survive, are .5. But his sone Giles is maried, and hath .4. children. his doughter Constanta, is also maried, and hath .12. children all of them living, and one of them maried.
mr Richard Warren lived some .4. or .5. years, and had his wife come 4 over to him, by whom he had .2. sons .4.before dyed; and one of them is maryed, and hath .2. children So his Increase is .4. but he had .5. doughters more came over with his wife, who are all maried, & living & have many children.
John Billinton after he had bene here .10. yers, was executed, for killing a man; and his eldest sone dyed before him; but his .2. sone is alive, and maried, & hath .8. children
Edward Tillie, and his wife both dyed soon after their arivall; and the girle Humility their cousen, was sent for into Ento England, and dyed ther But the youth Henery Samson, is still liveing, and is maried, & hath .7. children. John Tillie, and his wife both dyed, a litle after they came ashore; and their daughter Elizabeth maried with John Howland and hath Isue as is before noted.
Francis Cooke * is still living, a very olde man, and hath seene his childrens, children, have children: after his wife came over. (with other of his children) he hath .3. still living by her, all maried, and have .5. children so their encrease is .8. And his sone John which came over with him, is maried, and hath .4. chilldren living.[* In the margin, in a different hand, is written "dyed 7 of April 1663 above 80."]
Thomas Rogers dyed in the first sicknes, but his sone Joseph is still living, and is maried, and hath .6. children. The rest of Thomas Rogers came over, & are maried, & have many children.
Thomas Tinker, and his wife, and sone, all dyed in the first sicknes.
And so did John Rigdale, and his wife.
James Chilton, and his wife also dyed in the first Infection but their daughter mary, is still living and hath .9. children; and one daughter is maried, & hath a child; so their Increase is .10.
Edward ffuller, and his wife dyed soon after they came ashore; but their sone Samuell is living, & maried, and hath .4. children. or more.
John Turner, and his .2. sones all dyed in the first siknes. But he hath a daugter still living, at Salem, well maried, and approved of.
Francis Eeaton, his first wife dyed in the generall sicknes; and he maried
againe, & his .2. wife dyed, & he maried the .3. and had by her .3. children. one
of them is maried, & hath a child; the other are living, but one of them is an Ideote.
He dyed about .16. years agoe.[GEB note: 1 - Rachel 2 & his Daniel 3 2 - Benjamin
3 3 - the "Idote"] his sone Samuell, who came over a sucking child is allso
maried, & hath a child.
Moyses fletcher Thomas Williams Digerie preist John Goodman Edmond Margeson Richard Britterige Richard Clarke All these dyed sone after their arivall. in the Generall sicknes that befell. But Digerie preist had his wife & children sent hither afterwards she being mr Allertons sister. But the rest left no posteritie here.
Richard Gardinar, became a seaman, and dyed in England, or at sea.
Gilbert Winslow after diverse years aboad here, returned into England and dyed ther.
Peter Browne maried twise, by his first wife he had .2. children, who are living, & both of them maried, and the one of them hath .2. children. by his second wife, he had .2. more; he dyed about 16 years since
Thomas English; and John Allerton, dyed in the generall siknes.
John Alden maried with priscila, mr Mollines his doughter, and had Isue by her as is before related.
Edward Doty, & Edward Litster the servants of mr Hopkins. Litster After he was at liberty, went to Virginia, & ther dyed. But Edward Doty by a second wife hath .7. children and both he and they are living
Of these 100 persons which came first over, in this first ship together; the greater halfe dyed in the generall mortality; and most of them in .2. or three monthes time. And for those which survied though some were ancient & past procreation; & others left ye place and cuntrie. yet of those few remaining are sprunge up above .160. persons; in this .30. years. And are now living in this presente year . 1650. beside many of their children which are dead and come not within this account.
And of the old stock, (of one, & other) ther are yet living this present year. 1650. nere .30. persons. Let the Lord have ye praise; who is the High preserver of men.
Twelfe persons liveing of the old Stock this present yeare 1679.
Two persons liveing that come over in the first Shipe 1620 this present yeare 1690. [ GEB Note: & Peregrine White, John Cooke, Richard More]
Resolved White and Mary Chusman, the Daughter of mr Alderton and John Cooke the Son of frances Cooke that Came in the first ship is still liveing this present yeare 1694
& Mary Cushman. is still liveing this present yeare 1698 [GEB Note: & P. White]
GEB: The last four entries, made many years after Governor Bradford closed his record, were written by two different persons. It is impossible to determine the exact date of the first entry, but the writer overlooked at least two "of the old Stock."
The following list contains the names of fifteen who were alive at the beginning
of the year 1679:—
Peregrine White, died 1704. Mary (Allerton) Cushman. died 1699; John Cooke. died 1695. Resolved White, died between 1690 and 1694. Richard More, died 1690 or later, Gyles Hopkins, died 1690, Elizabeth (Tilley) Howland, died 1687; John Alden, died 1687. Francis Billington, died (about 1686. Henry Samson, died 1684. Samuel Eaton, died 1684; Samuel Fuller, 2d, died 1683, Susanna (Fuller) (White) Winslow, died 1680; George Soule, died 1680, Mary (Chilton) Winslow, died 1679. The last named died early in 1679, perhaps before the entry was made.
Bradford wrote that there were "nere 30 persons" living in 1650, but he named only
twenty-eight [GEB Note 27]—those alive in 1679, and
the following thirteen: Joseph Rogers, died 1678. Constance (Hopkins) Snow, died 1677;
John Howland, died 1673; Damaris (Hopkins) Cooke, died
between 1666 and 1669. Francis Cooke, died 1663; Isaac Allerton, died
1659, William Bradford, died 1657; Myles Standish, died 1656; Edward Doty, died 1655;
Edward Winslow, died; 1655; Remember (Allerton) Maverick, died about 1652. also Priscilla
(Mullins) Alden and Bartholomew Allerton both of whom Bradford mentions as living in 1650,
but the years of their decease cannot be stated with any approach to accuracy. [Bowman's marginal note has twenty-eight lined out and replaced with 27,
Damaris Hopkins' death lined out]
Prince's note in his own copy of the New England Memorial(see p. 452 of Bradford's History, Ed. 1856) shows that these two entries must have been made before he received the manuscript. In neither entry is the year correctly stated. Governor Bradford died 9 May, 1657, and Captain Standish 3 October, 1656. This note and that giving the date of captain Standish's death are in the same handwriting.