Notes for Henry Howland


The Howlands were members of the Essex Family. Many of their descendants emigrated to the American Colonies. Son, John Howland, was one of the passengers on the first voyage of the ship "Mayflower" in 1620. The Howlands, of Fen Stanton, lived near the college town of Cambridge, north of London about 9.5 miles on the old Roman Road. Fen Stanton is about 1-2 miles south of St. Ives, near Huntingdon, in the area northwest of Cambridge,Huntingdonshire county no longer exists. "Howland" was a location phrase for "Land at the ancient burial mound". This alluded to a prehistoric tomb where the ancestors farmed.
Their descendants include many prominent and notable American people, including Jennie Jerome Churchill, Gerald Ford, Richard Nixon, Johnny Carson, George Plimton, Edith Carow Roosevelt (wife of Theodore); Henry Cabot Lodge; Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

The Howland coat-of-arms, granted 1584, has two black bars below three black rampant lions at the top on a silver shield. (or Blue). The Crest is: A Leopard.

Henry Howland, yeoman, died in Fenstanton 17 May 1635, and his mother, Margaret, was buried there 31 July 1629. The identity of this family is proved by the probate records of John's brother, Humphrey Howland, a draper, who settled in St. Swithin's Parish in London. Humphrey Howland, in his will written in London 28 May 1646 and proved 10 July 1646 by his second wife, Anne, mentioned his brothers, Arthur, John, and Henry, his sister, Margaret, wife of Richard Phillips of Fenstanton, shoemaker, his "nephew," Simon Howland, and his "niece," Hannah Howland, Simon's sister.
Additional information about John Howland's family is found in the records of the intestate estate of another brother, George Howland, a merchant of St. Dunstan's, East London, who had died two years earlier, 10 February 1643/4. His estate was administered by Humphrey Howland's wife, Anne, 11 July 1646. Simon Howland was baptized in Fenstanton 19 August 1604, called "son of Henrye," and was probably the Simon Howland who was apprenticed 19 March 162S, to Humphrey Howland, "citizen and draper of London."
Two of John's brothers followed John to Plymouth. Henry Howland, the youngest brother, was apprenticed to his brother, Humphrey Howland, in London and his name is found there on the Roll of the Drapers Company, 1 October 1623. But less than ten years later, Henry arrived in Plymouth where he was taxed 25 March 1633. John's oldest brother, Arthur Howland, soon followed his younger brothers to New England and was listed by Thomas Lechford 28 August 1640 as "of Duxbury in New England, Planter." Thus the progenitors of three separate Howland families arrived in Plymouth Colony during the first twenty years of its existence, making it difficult to sort out and identify their many descendants.

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