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5. The Pioneer Peakes

Although a few Peakes were already living in the original large Nelson County area at the time of the 1785 migration, the only two confirmed to have arrived with the Maryland Catholic movement were the sons of Edward Peake and Ann Wheatley, Kenelm and Francis. Both moved to the Pottinger's Creek settlement. Although only Francis is mentioned in the original record of the League of Catholic Families, it is his older brother Kenelm whose presence is first documented in the Kentucky tax lists8.

5A. Kenelm Peake

John Kenelm Peake was born in St. Mary's County on March 11, 1760, and his baptism duly recorded at St. Andrew's Anglican Church, as required by the law of the time. His actual baptism may have taken place at St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church in Newtown, Maryland. His wife Ann (surname unknown, possibly Barber or Gent) may have accompanied him to Kentucky. His name first appears in the Nelson County tax rolls in 1788 under the spelling Canelum Peck. In the subsequent tax lists from 1789 to 1796 his name is variously rendered as John Canelah Peck, Kennollam Peck, Kaynellam Peek, Canellem Peek, Kenellum Peak, Kanellum Peak, and Kelly Peak. His holdings, as described in the tax lists, were modest. In the 1792 tax records his farm is listed at 100 acres, with one horse and seven head of cattle. This assessment should have cost him ten shillings for himself, two shillings for the horse, and three pence each for the cattle. He owned no slaves. By 1794 he had acquired another horse, and in 1795 he added another 100 acres to his farm.

Kenelm and his wife Ann had nine known children: Edward, Charles, John, Mary, Monica, Hina, Jane, Philip and William. By the time of his death in 1814 his holdings had grown considerably, as he left four horses to his children and more to his wife. He also left cattle, furniture and other property to his children, some of whom were still minors at the time. His will, probated on Feb. 21, 1814, is included in the Appendix. An executor's bond for the estate was filed by his son Edward Peak on Feb. 21, 1814, with Walter Boone as surety. His personal property was inventoried and appraised by Joseph Fogle, Ignatius Thompson, and James Hagan on March 10, 1814 and recorded in Nelson County on May 16, 1814. It was valued at 116 pounds, 19 shillings, and 6 pence.

The distribution of the estate of John Kenelm Peak was contested in court shortly after the death of the administrator, Edward Peak. The suit was filed on July 11, 1825 by all the children of Kenelm Peak except Charles, and listed Walter Boone, Charles Peak, and Edward's children Nancy, Mary Ann, and Elizabeth Peak as defendents (see Appendix). The court papers stated that Ann Peak died a few days after Kenelm's death in 1814. The documents further identify Ann Peak as the "mother, stepmother, or grandmother" of all persons involved in the suit except Walter Boone. This statement raises the possibility that Kenelm Peak may have had a previous wife who was the mother of some of the children.

5B. Children of Kenelm and Ann Peake:

Mary (Polly) Peak married Ignatius French (born Oct. 14, 1773, son of Ignatius French19) on May 13, 1809, with her brother Edward as surety for the license9. Census reports indicate that the family moved to Hardin County, and by 1820 they had six children in the home - three boys under 10 years old, and three girls, one under 10 and two between 10 and 16. Ignatius French was deceased by the 1825, when court papers were filed in Nelson County contesting the distribution of Kenelm Peak's estate. Listed among the complainants was Mary French, identified as Polly French, and their children Louiza, Nancy, Reubin, Preston, Susan, James, and Gabriel French.

Jane Peak, listed as the daughter of Caleb Peake, was married to Joseph Nevitt in Nelson County on April 26, 1811. Her brother Edward signed the bond for her license also9. Joseph Nevitt, son of Richard Nevitt, was born in Maryland19 about 1790. The children of Joseph and Jane Nevitt were raised in Nelson County. They include Richard Nevitt, born about 1816; Eleanor Nevitt, born Aug. 20, 1820, died Jan. 27, 1903, married Alexander Howard on July 3, 1849; Treacy Nevitt, born Sept. 8, 1825, died Apr. 21, 1906, married John J. Cissell on Jan. 16, 1849; Mahalie Nevitt, born Jan. 26, 1827, died Apr. 3, 1866; Jane Nevitt, born about 1828; A. Lee Nevitt, born between 1829 and 1833, married Cecily A. O'Bryan before 1850; Margaret Ann Nevitt, born about 1832, married Henry Parker Cambron on Sept. 30, 1851; and Mary B. Nevitt, born about 1837, died Oct. 20, 1857, married Augustine Summers Oct. 11, 1852. Joseph Nevitt died Oct. 30, 1858, and Jane Peak Nevitt died Apr. 26, 1869. Both are buried at St. Catherine's cemetery in New Haven.

Charles Peak was born19 in Nelson County on Jan. 4, 1793. He married Lucy Nevitt (born Mar. 13, 1800) on June 19, 1815, with Lucy's father, Richard Nevitt, as surety for the license9. Charles and Lucy settled first in Nelson County, where they were listed in the 1830 census. They may have been living on Kenelm Peak's farm at the time, as Charles was named as a defendant in the 1825 court case brought by the other heirs against Charles and Walter Boone, seeking a final distribution of their father's estate. Between 1830 and 1840 Charles Peak moved his family to Meade county. Charles and Lucy Peak had at least eight children, including (birth dates from census reports): John K. Peak, born 1821, listed in Meade Co. census reports 1850 to 1870; Monica Mahale (Martha) Peak, born 1818/19; Joseph Peak, born 1820/21, listed in 1850 census, died without heirs before 1860; Mary Ellen Peak, born19 Jan. 20, 1822; Nancy Ann Peak, born Mar. 4, 1828; William Richard Peak, born 1828/29; Serilda Jane Peak, born 1832/33. The children of Charles and Lucy Peak who were alive at the time are listed by name in a Meade County deed conveying title to a 283 acre tract of land from the heirs of Richard Percefull to the heirs Charles Peak, dated Oct. 30, 1860 (see Appendix). The tract bordered on the farm of Philip Peak. Charles Peak died Jan. 17, 1850, and Lucy Peak died ten years later, on June 21, 1860. Both are buried at St. Martin's cemetery in Flaherty, Kentucky.

Edward Peak was born before 1795, and married Henrietta Boone, daughter of Walter Boone, on Feb. 19, 1819, with William French and Charles Lane as witnesses9. Edward acted as surety for Henrietta's father, Walter Boone, who filed for guardianship of Joseph Mattingly, orphan of Joseph Mattingly, on Sept. 21, 1818. Edward and Henrietta moved to Hardin County, where they appear in the 1820 census with Edward aged 26 to 45, another male over 45, Henrietta aged 26 to 45, and another female aged 10 to 16. Edward Peak was deceased by 1825, when the remaining heirs of Kenelm Peak brought suit against Walter Boone, Charles Peak, and Edward's daughters seeking final disposition of their father's estate (see Appendix). The court papers claim that Edward Peak "died insolvent, not worth one cent", and that "during his lifetime he wasted all of the personal estate " of Kenelm Peak, and "used and converted to the estate to his own use".10, 12. The known children of Edward and Henrietta Peak as listed in the court documents are Nancy Peak, Mary Ann Peak, and Elizabeth Peak. Another possible child of Edward and Henrietta is John C. Peak, born May 2, 1820. In 1828 Henrietta Boone Peak married James Carrico in Nelson County. Hardin County records show that a Henrietta Peak gave consent for the marriage of John C. Peak to Nancy French on Jan. 29, 1839.

Monica Peak married Thomas Thompson on Sept. 29, 1819. Charles Thompson signed the bond, and he and James Ballard made oath that Monica was over 21 years of age at the time9. Thomas and Monica Thompson were listed as complainants in the 1825 Nelson County court papers bringing suit against Walter Boone, Charles Peak, and the children of Edward Peak to enforce a final distribution of the Kenelm Peak estate.

John Peak was listed among the complainants in the Nelson County court action of 1825, which sought to make final disposition of the property of Kenelm Peak. It is of interest that although his name is included in the documents, he did not sign the final dismissal of the case in 1826 (see Appendix). This suggests that he may have left the area by that time.

Philip Peak was born in Nelson County between 1794 and 1800, from ages given in census reports of 1850 to 1880. He married Mary Ann Spalding Nevitt (born ca. 1794, daughter of Aaron Spalding) on June 27, 1825, with Michael Spalding as surety9. Mary had previously married Joseph Nevitt on Nov. 20, 1815, with Philip Mattingly signing the bond. Philip Peake filed a guardian bond of $1000 as guardian of Philip P. Nevitt on Feb. 12, 1827, with Michael Spalding as surety. He filed again as guardian of Philip P. Nevitt on Feb. 8, 1836, with Joseph Nevitt signing the bond. Both bonds are recorded in Nelson County under NEVITT, Richard. Philip Peake moved his family to Meade County prior to 1840. Mary Ann Spalding Peak died in 1852, and Philip married Rosella Flagherty McDonough, daughter of Martin and Judy Flagherty, in Meade County on Mar. 19, 1854, with Stephen B. Peak and Margaret Flagherty as witnesses. Rosella was the widow of Martin McDonough, whom she had married on Apr. 26, 1846, and by whom she had two known children: Sara Ann McDonah, born May 18, 1847, baptized Feb. 16, 1848 at St. Martin's; Mary Elisa McDonah, born Mar. 15, 1850, baptized May 12, 1850. Rosella Peak died soon after marrying Philip Peak, possibly in childbirth, and Philip married another widow, Mary Newton, in Nelson County on Oct. 14, 1856. Census reports show that Mary Newton was born between 1807 and 1810. There were five children in the Philip Peak home (3 males, 2 females) in the 1840 census. The known children of Philip Peak and Mary Spalding Peak were as follows: Ann Priscilla Peak was born in 1827 and married Michael McDonough on Feb. 5, 1848; Elizabeth Peak was born in 1835 and died Sept. 16, 1844; John Peak was born in 1829 and married Barbara Bunger on Dec. 3, 1850. He died around 1857; Thomas Aaron Peak was born on Nov. 22, 1830, and married Minerva Yeager O'Bannion on Dec. 5, 1852. He died July 6, 1907. The known child of Philip Peak and Rosella Flagherty Peak was Margaret Frances Peak, born Sept. 2, 1855. The 1870 census also showed Ada Bryant, age 3, living in the home of Philip and Mary Peak. Philip Peak died after 1880.

William Peak was born in 1802 and married Sarah Redmon (born Oct. 26, 1805), daughter of William Redmon on March 11, 1826, in Nelson County. William Peak was a litigant in the 1825 suit seeking a final distribution of his father's estate, and he signed the paper dismissing the suit in 1826. William and Sarah may have been the first Peaks to move to Meade County, as William is listed there in the 1830 census. Their children (as listed in the 1850 and/or 1860 censuses) included: Elizabeth Ann Peak, born 1828/29; Emily Jane Peak, born 1830/31; Lydia Ellen Peak, born 1832/33; Charles Henry Peak, born Feb. 10, 1835; John M. Peak, born 1837/38; William Peak, born 1835/36; Margaret L. Peak, born 1839/40; Mary Elisa Peak, born 1844/45. William Peak died on Apr. 18, 1856 and Sarah Redmon Peak died Dec. 4, 1880 Both are buried in St. Martin's cemetery in Flaherty.

5C. Francis Peake

Francis Peake was born Feb. 4, 1764, in St. Mary's County. His baptism was recorded at St. Andrew's Church. He emigrated to Nelson County around 1785 with the League of Catholic Families. The name of his first wife is unknown. Their daughter Eleanor was born around 179119. Francis first appears in the Kentucky tax rolls in 1790, where he is listed as residing in Captain Proctor Ballard's militia district8. His name, with variant spellings, continues to appear in the published tax lists, which were available up to 1796. The 1792 tax list shows his farm at 50 acres with one horse and five head of cattle. By 1796 his livestock had grown to three horses and six head of cattle, but his farm size did not increase8. He owned no slaves.

Court records show that the Peakes were closely involved with the affairs of the French, Norris, and Medcalf families. In 1793, when Joseph French married Mary Norris, daughter of Rodolph Norris, Francis Peake acted as surety for the license, and he and Ignatius French witnessed the marriage9. Ignatius French was later married to Kenelm's daughter Mary Peake in 1809. When Francis married his second wife Bibiana Norris, also a daughter of Rodolph and Dorothy Norris, on February 14, 1800, Joseph French and Ignatius Medcalf acted as witnesses. Then in 1805, when Enoch Norris and Ann French were married, Francis Peake stood surety for the license. Kenelm Peake's will was witnessed by Ignatius French and James Medcalf, from whom he rented land10. Rodolph Norris' will was witnessed by Ignatius Medcalf and Ignatius French10. Both wills were probated on the same day, Feb. 21, 1814. Also, George Medcalf provided surety when Henrietta Peake, widow of Kenelm Peake's son Edward, was married to James Carrico in 1828.

Rodolph Norris, the son of Thomas Norris and Jane Greenwell, was one of the 60 listed members of the League of Catholic families, of which Francis Peake was also a member. Rodolph's daughter Bibiana Norris Peake, the second wife of Francis Peake, may have been born outside St. Mary's County, as her birth is not listed in the records of either St. Francis Xavier or St. Andrew's Church. The births of three other children of Rodolph and Dorothy Norris, Mary Ann (b. Apr. 22, 1768), Mary (bap. Aug. 25, 1771) and Thomas (bap. June 27, 1773) were recorded in St. Mary's County37. Rodolph Norris signed the Maryland Oath of Allegiance in 1778. Two cousins of the family, Henry Elijah Norris (b. March 14, 1758) and Arnold Norris (b. June 26, 1761), sons2 of John Norris and Mary Howard, served in the Continental Army in the Revolutionary War11. Both were drafted on July 27, 1781, at a time when heavy recruiting was taking place in Maryland and elsewhere to defend against the British army's operations in Virginia. Both were discharged in December of 1781 following the defeat of the British forces at Yorktown. An outline of the Norris family tree is included in the Appendix.

In 1805 Francis Peake increased his property by buying land from Ignatius French12. He paid 50 pounds for 50 acres of land on "the waters of Pottinger's Creek". In 1815 he acquired land from David Read, and in 1820 he conveyed property to Francis Bryant12.

The 1810 census shows the family of Francis and Bibiana Peake as having three young children and one older daughter in the home. Bibiana died sometime prior to 1817. On Jan. 9, 1817, Francis married Susanna Ellison, widow of Enoch Ellison, with Ignatius French providing surety. The marriage was carried out by Fr. John David, who later became Bishop of Bardstown. The 1820 census shows eight children in the Peake home, some of which may have been Ellisons. Susanna also died, and on August 31, 1826, at the age of 62, Francis married Mary Boone French19, widow of William French, with Joseph Edelen as surety9.

Francis Peake died March 1, 1846, and his personal effects were sold on Mar. 20, 1846. These included bedding and furniture, a chest, a bureau, a saddle, saddle blanket and bridle, a table and chair, a small trunk, and a bay mare. Final settlement of the estate took place Dec. 11, 1848. His son Francis was administrator for the estate. Court records list his children, Francis Peake, William Peake, Elizabeth Peake, Eleanor Carrico, Milly Peake, Thomas Peake, Benjamin Peake, Edward Peake, and Catharine Stephens as his heirs. The property was appraised by John French, J. L. Clarke, and Pious Hagan. The property included notes on Cornelius Woods, Francis Peake ($12.00), Edward Peake ($10.00), Edward Hagan ($2.50), and Josephine Kelly ($16.50)12.

Francis Peake is buried at St. Rose Priory in Springfield.

5D. Children of Francis Peake:

Eleanor Peake was born around 1791 and married Aquilla Carrico9 on April 10, 1817. Aquilla Carrico was born in Maryland in 1790, son of James Carrico and Joanna Keith. Aquilla and Eleanor settled in Washington County, and the 1830 census listed six children in the home - two boys born 1820-25, one boy born 1825-30, one girl born 1815-20, one girl born 1820-25, and one girl born 1825-30. Known children19 are: Francis Carrico, born Apr. 5, 1822, married Permelia Wheatley on Aug. 20, 1844; Joanna Carrico, born about 1825, died Nov. 25, 1853; Teresa Carrico, born Feb. 14, 1827, married Martin Simpson on Nov. 21, 1846; Pius Richard Carrico, born about 1830; Rosella Carrico, baptized Apr. 28, 1833. Aquilla Carrico died Jan. 23, 1849, and is buried at St. Rose Priory. In the 1850 census Eleanor Carrico, age 65, was listed as living in Washington County19 in the household of her son Francis, 27, and wife Permelia, 26, along with JoAnna, 24, Pius R., 20, and Rose, 18. The 1860 and 1870 census reports show that Eleanor was then living in the household of her son-in-law, Martin Simpson, in Washington County19.

Thomas Peak (son of Bibianna Norris) was born Oct. 15, 1801, and married Trecy (Theresa) Bryan, daughter of Francis Bryan, in Nelson County on Apr. 11, 1823. Theresa Bryan was born Jan. 16, 1800. The couple settled first in Nelson County, where they are listed in the 1830 census report, but moved to Meade County prior to 1840. Thomas Peak purchased a farm of 150 acres from Philip and Mary Peak on May 31, 1845. The children47 of Thomas and Theresa Peak include: Aloysius Peak, born Feb. 20, 1826; Charles Thomas Peak, born Oct. 18, 1827; Rhoda Joseph Peak, born June 20, 1829; Mary Ann Peak, born Nov. 4, 1830; Cecilia Jane Peak, born Sept. 15, 1832; Stephen Bryan Peak, born Jan. 12, 1834; Ellen Elizabeth Peak, born Feb. 17, 1835; Barbara Ann (Bibiana) Peak, born Apr., 1837; Teresa Ann Peak, born Nov. 13, 1838; Francis A. Peak, born Jan. 17, 1842; Benedict Joseph Peak, born Oct. 1, 1844. Family sources47 include two other sons, John T. Peak, born Feb. 8, 1824, and William Peak, born Dec. 30, 1824, one of whom appears to be included in the 1830 and 1840 census reports. Both are presumed to have died without heirs prior to 1872. Thomas Peak wrote his last will and testament on Sept. 29, 1868, and in it he left his farm with all farming utensils, livestock, and household furniture to his four unmarried (at the time) daughters, listed as Mary Ann, Eliza Ellen, Bibiann, and Teresa Peak (see Appendix). He also left each daughter one bed and bedding, one blanket, one coverlet, and four quilts. He included the provision that should any daughter marry or otherwise leave the household, she would forfeit her rights to the property except for the bed, bedding, blanket, coverlet and quilts. The will was proven on Dec. 11, 1871, but was dissolved by agreement of the heirs dated Jan. 29, 1872, recorded June 21, 1872. The property was sold at auction and the proceeds divided among the heirs. Theresa Bryan Peak died in 1868 and Thomas Peak died Dec. 6, 1871. Both are buried at St. Martin's cemetery in Flaherty.

Francis Peake (son of Bibiana Norris) was born in 1810/11 and married Mary Ann Mitchell12, daughter of Benjamin Mitchell and Mary Eleanor Downs, on Dec. 18, 1835, the bond signed by John G. Wathen. The marriage was conducted by Fr. Robert Byrn. One of their children, W. Pius Peake died12 on Oct. 26, 1859, at the age of 16. Other children included20: Eleanor Peake, born 1836/37, married to Joseph M. Masterson on May 5, 1851; Theresa Peake, born 1837/38, married to Henry O'Bryan on Feb. 16, 1857; Mary Ann Peake, born 1841/42, married to Frederick Bray on Feb. 4, 1868; Matilda Peake, born July 30, 1843 and baptized Sept. 28, 1843 at St. Thomas Church in Nelson County; Margaret Peake, born 1844/45; William Peake, born Jan. 8, 1848, baptized Apr. 17, 1848 at St. Vincent de Paul in New Hope; Elizabeth Peake, born 1849/50. The 1860 census also lists a child, John Peak, born 1847/48, who is assumed to be the William Peake named above. Mary Ann Mitchell Peake died20 around 1849, and Francis Peake married a second time, marrying Elizabeth Smith Willett, widow of Thomas Willett, on Nov. 21, 1849. Bond was provided by George E. Willett12.

William Peake (son of Bibiana Noris) was born between 1810 and 1812. See William Peake history in next Section.

Catharine Peake (daughter of Bibiana Norris19) married Edward Stephens on Nov. 13, 1826 at St. Thomas Church. The marriage was carried out by Edward McMahon. Consent was signed by Francis Peak and witnessed by James Stephens and Thomas Stephens. Edward was probably the son of Thomas Stephens and Polly Cooper. Edward and Catherine Peak Stephens were both deceased by 1848, and the whereabouts of their heirs, if any, were unknown to the Nelson County Court at that time.

Benjamin J. Peak is identified as a son of Francis Peake and Susanna Ellison by virtue of his inclusion among the heirs of Francis Peake named in a Nelson County court summons issued Nov. 20, 1848 (see Appendix). He was born Dec. 5, 1818 and married Louisa Edelen (born Dec. 21, 1821, daughter of Leonard Edelen and Janett Cissell) on Aug. 25, 1840. The marriage was carried out by Fr. Robert Byrn12. Benjamin and Louisa left Nelson County for Meade County sometime prior to 1848. Meade County records show that in 1860 they purchased a 150 acre tract from Benjamin A. Stith, and in 1861 they sold their 77 acre home farm to Stephen B. Peak. In 1866 they sold a four acre tract to Fidelis Bickett. The known children of Benjamin and Louisa Peak, baptized at St. Martin's Church, include: Susan Emily Peak, born July 22, 1848, baptized Aug. 27, 1848; James Madison Peak, born Aug. 24, 1850, baptized Oct. 13, 1850; William Thomas Peak, born Oct. 1, 1852, baptized Nov.16, 1852; Leonard Augusta Peak, born Sept. 16, 1854, baptized Jan. 12, 1855; Rhoda Edward Peak, born Aug. 31, 1856, baptized Oct. 26, 1856; Benjamin Alexander Peak, born June 25, 1858, baptized Aug. 22, 1858; Virginia Ann Peak, born Feb. 2, 1862, baptized May 15, 1862, died Apr. 14, 1864. Simon Peter Peak, born Aug. 14, 1864, baptized Oct. 4, 1864. Louisa Edelen Peak died Jan. 1, 1882, in Stithton, Hardin County, and Benjamin Peak died Mar. 13, 1884. Both are buried along with daughter Virginia Peak at St. Martin's cemetery in Flaherty, KY.

Edward Peak left Nelson County prior to 1848, but was present at the sale of his father's personal property12 on Mar. 20, 1846. He acquired the saddle and saddle blanket for $2.75. It is likely that he is the James Edward Peak, born 1821, listed as a blacksmith in the Washington County census reports of 1850 to 1870 and identified as J. Edward Peak in his children's baptismal records19 from St. Rose Priory. James E. Peak married Mary Ann Cordelia Williams (born 1821, daughter of J. and Rebecca Williams of Washington County) at St. Rose Priory on Nov. 24, 1841. The children of James Edward Peak and Mary Ann Peak include: John F. Peak, born 1841/42; Priscilla Peak, born 1843, baptized Dec. 31, 1843; Mary Ellen Peak, born 1846, baptized Sept. 14, 1846, married John T. Mattingly Feb. 8, 1869 at St. Rose's; Louisa Peak, born 1851, died Oct. 29, 1877; James Thomas Peak, born Jan. 26, 1854, baptized Mar. 15, 1854; Rosa Arabella ("Belle") Peak, born June 11, 1857, baptized July 10, 1857, married John A. Thornberry June 18, 1878 at St. Catherine's, New Haven; Sarah Catherine Peak, born Dec. 20, 1859, baptized Feb. 11, 1860, married Joseph M. Watson Feb. 3, 1880 in New Haven. Two other children died in infancy: Mary Ann Peak, born 1845, baptized and died Oct. 14, 1845; Rebecca Peak born, baptized, and died May 1, 1852. All recorded baptisms were at St. Rose Priory in Washington County. Mary Ann Williams Peak died19 after the 1880 census, and James E. Peak married Mary B. Hagan on Jan. 23, 1882 at Holy Cross Church, the license having been issued in Nelson County. The marriage was witnessed by Stephen Burns, Andrew Elmore, and Mary Settle, and the bond signed by Stephen Vurris.

Elizabeth Peake was living in Nelson County in 1848 and signed the summons to the heirs of Francis Peake. Nelson County records show a marriage between John F. Burns and Elizabeth Peak, carried out on Nov. 27, 1869, by Rev. F. De Meulder.

Mildred (Milly) Peake (daughter of Mary Boone Peake) was born Mar. 25, 1831 and married John A. Thornberry on April 9, 1849, the bond being signed by Francis Peek. The marriage was performed by J. B. Hutchins. John A. Thornberry, son of Francis "Frank" Thornberry and Caroline Abell, was born in Kentucky on July 15, 1825. John and Mildred settled first in Nelson County, but soon moved to Meade County. Their children19 include Mary Josephine Thornberry, born Jan. 11, 1850, baptized Feb. 28, 1850 at St. Catherine's Church in New Haven with Mary A. Buckman as sponsor, married Moses J. Ray on Feb. 12, 1867; William Henry Thornberry, born July 28, 1851, baptized Oct. 1, 1851, at St. Martin's Church, with Sara Peak as sponsor; died July 27, 1892, buried at St. Mary Magdeline cemetery; Rudolph (Rodey) Francis Thornberry, born Sept. 9, 1852, baptized Nov. 7, 1852, at St. Martin's with Emily Peak as sponsor; died in 1897, buried at St. Mary Magdeline cemetery; Thomas B. Thornberry, born Oct. 11, 1854; died May 8, 1911; married Susan Emeline Ritchie on Nov. 21, 1876; John B. Thornberry, born June 22, 1861; died Jan. 6, 1939; married Augusta Massey; Raymond Thornberry, born about 1864, married Eliza Ellen Peak on Dec. 30, 1884; Annie P. Thornberry, born Oct. 6, 1866; died May 30, 1888; Stephen J. Thornberry, born about 1869. Mildred Peake is listed as Emelia A. Peak in St. Catherine's and as Emeline Peak in St. Martin's baptismal records. John Thornberry died Oct. 27, 1892, and Mildred Peak Thornberry died Feb. 5, 1893. They are buried at St. Mary Magdeline cemetery in Meade County.

5E. William Peake

William Peake (son of Francis Peake and Bibiana Norris Peake) was born between 1810 and 1812. He was married by Fr. Robert Byrn to Lucinda Edelen (b. March 11, 1811) on Nov. 25, 1833. Lucinda was a daughter of Leonard Edelen and Janett Cissell19 and sister to Louisa Edelen, who later married William's brother Benjamin Peak. William and Lucinda had thirteen children: Richard Peake, born 1835/36; Jane Peake, born Feb. 1, 1838, married Charles Hillary Clark on Nov. 20, 1854; Rosella Peake, born 1839/40, married William Clark on Feb. 11, 1861; Mary Catherine Peake, born June 25, 1841, married James Culver (age 64) on Oct. 1, 1874; she was still listed as Catherine Peak on a legal document of Sept. 13, 1875; Thomas Peake, born Mar. 24, 1843; Amanda Peake, born Feb. 1, 1845, married Miles Boone on Jan. 29, 1883; Francis Peake was born 1845/46; Elizabeth Peake (Sr. Beatrice), born 1847; Susan Louise Peake, born July, 1848, married Stephen Duvall on Feb. 14, 1871; Robert E. Peake, born Mar. 30, 1850; George W. Peake, born in Aug., 1851; William Leonard Peake, born Feb. 22, 1856. An unnamed daughter died of unknown causes at 9 hours old on Apr. 12, 1854. The family lived on a farm about seven miles northeast of New Haven15, in Nelson County Magisterial District No. 1. Identification of this William Peake as the son of Francis Peake results from the fact that the Nov. 20, 1848, court summons13 for the heirs to appear at the settlement of Francis Peak's estate had signed acknowledgements only by William Peake (with an "x") and Elizabeth Peake. It was also executed on Milly Peake, but the other heirs, with the exception of the estate administrator Francis Peake, Jr., were no longer residents of Nelson County. This confirms that Francis' son, William was a resident of Nelson County in 1848, and the census reports show that only one William Peake was resident in Nelson County in 1840 and 1850.

William Peake suffered the same economic stresses as many other farmers of the time. In a court document14 dated Apr. 30, 1844, William was ordered to convey to E. B. Smith & Co., and Smith Nourse and Co., collateral to guarantee repayment within twelve months of loans totaling $81.39 given to him between 1836 and 1841. The collateral consisted of a wagon, sorrel mare and colt, two cows, five head of sheep, furniture including five chairs, and his crop of corn and oats for the coming year. The family's fortunes improved later. On Jan. 2, 1854 William Peake was deeded 118 acres of land "on the waters of Pottinger's Creek" at a purchase price of $230.0012. The amount was payable to William Johnson and Turner Wilson by Nov. 1, 1856, with interest from Nov. 1, 1853. The estate was further enlarged on Nov. 10, 1859, when the heirs of John Downs deeded 180.5 acres "on Rankin's Run waters of the Rolling Fork" to William Peake, who had made payment on the property before the death of John Downs12.

As with many others of the day, post-war economic problems were evident in the affairs of the William Peake family. On Dec. 11, 1865 the property acquired from Johnson and Wilson was exposed for sale at the Courthouse door by the Sheriff of Nelson County. It was sold to Francis Smith for $425.70, which covered the "debt, interest and cost" of the property12. The deed was conveyed from Peake to Smith on Sept. 22, 1866. On Aug. 4, 1866 Lucinda Peake assumed a new mortgage on the Rankin's Run property, promising (along with William Peake) to pay $200.00 and interest within 18 months to J. A. Hagan, representative of the heirs of John Downs12.

Lucinda Edelen Peak died in 1866, and is buried at Gethsemani Abbey. Her gravestone stands next to the walkway at the main entrance to the Monastery. William remarried to Rosina Hagan Boon on March 30, 1869. Records show that a deed dated (presumably postdated) 1868 conveys property from William Peake and wife Rosina Hagen Peake19 to the oldest son Richard Peake12. Rosina's son, Miles Boon, born 1851/52, is listed as living with the family in the 1870 census. He married Rosa Jane Duvall on Mar. 28, 1871. After her death, he married Amanda N. Peak on Jan. 29, 1883, with William Peak signing the bond.

The dismemberment of the Peake estate continued in 1876, when a deed for 70 acres of the 180.5 acre Rankin's Run land was conveyed to Thomas Peake from the other members of the William Peake family. This land adjoined the land of George Willett. The deed specifically excluded the dwelling of William Peake. In 1890 a deed was recorded from a William Peake and his wife to Mary J. Peake12. William Peake's death records have not been located. 

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