Domiter, Frank A.
|Organized at Camp Dix in April, 1936, and composed mainly
of upstate New Yorkers, the 3223rd Company of the Civilian Conservation
Corps was joined in October, 1936, by members of two disbanded companies,
the 3234th from Rupert, Idaho, and the 269th of Burns, Oregon. The latter
was one of the original companies organized in 1933, and its varied itinerary
of work projects led from Fort Totten, New York, to Glacier National Park,
to Miami, Florida, and thence to Burns, Oregon, in August, 1935.
Company 3223 occupied Camp 15 of the Division of Grazing at Juniper Flats on April 13, 1936, under 1st Lieut. Elwood H. Neener, Inf.-Res., Commanding, with 2nd Lieut. Gordon C. Avery, Inf.-Res., as Junior Officer; Dr. Thomas G. Mitchell as Camp Surgeon, and George L. Roehr as Educational Adviser.
Though housed in standard wooden barracks, the company experienced considerable hardship when temperatures dropped as low as 40 degrees below zero. During their first winter at Juniper Flats the boys were occupied chiefly with keeping open the seven miles of mountain road between camp and Likely, the nearest town, the snow drifting as deep as ten feet. At one time during the winter of 1936-37 it became necessary for the camp surgeon, Lieutenant Weizer, to remove an enrollee to the Alturas Hospital, a distance of twenty-seven miles. Four of the seven miles to the main highway were so badly drifted with snow that it took 115 boys five hours to clear a path for the ambulance to the highway. The velocity of the wind was so great as to cause the drifting snow to close the path behind the ambulance and the shoveling crew almost immediately.
In early spring the spike camp near Eagleville was established at a 6,200 feet elevation in the midst of a blizzard that on one occasion carried a tent floor forty feet through the air. A week before the spike camp moved out in November, 1937, a one hundred mile gale whirled the mess tent, its floor, and all its equipment twenty feet from its original location.
After Lieutenant Neener was relieved in April, 1937, the company command was changed four times, 2nd Lieutenant Avery taking over for the month of April to become Junior Officer under Capt. Beach E. Taber, Inf.-Res., during May, and continuing in that capacity under Capt. Julius H. Haecker, CA-Res., who commanded from June to September, 1937. Relieving Lieutenant Avery, Capt. Walter J. Brown, Inf.-Res., served as Junior Officer for August and September, Captain Taber again taking over the command in October until his relief in January, 1938, Capt. George C. Cowie, QM-Res., serving as Junior Officer.
The company physicians assigned to Camp Juniper Flats were as follows: Dr. Thomas G. Mitchell, April to October, 1936; Lieut. E. A. Weizer, Med.-Res., October, 1936, to June, 1937; Dr. James Sunseri, June to August, 1937; Dr. George W. Wright, now assigned to the company.
Under Educational Adviser George L. Roehr, who served with the company from April, 1936, to July, 1937, an extra barracks was converted into an educational building with shop and classrooms, and a reading room finished with rustic interior and fireplace.
Highlights of the camp social life were a farewell dance in April, 1937, given by the Alturas American Legion Post for the boys going home, and a farewell dance and entertainment held at camp in August for homeward-bound enrollees. Jack Vincent, who relieved George L. Roehr for two weeks, planned the entertainment, which was staged by Jack P. Oates, Educational Adviser, assigned to the company in August, 1936.
Under Frank R. Phillips, Division of Grazing Superintendent in charge of camp work projects, members of the company have furthered the conservation of western range land by developing the water supply affecting 50,000 acres of public grazing land, building seven reservoirs, and developing ten springs, as well as constructing twenty miles of fences for public domain boundaries and holding corrals. Rodent control was effected over an area of 25,000 acres. One thousand cords of wood were cut each year for winter camp consumption. Eight major range and forest fires were brought under control with the help of enrollees from Juniper Flats--all but one fire occurring in 1936.
The present administrative personnel of Company 3223 is as follows:
Captain Taber, Commanding; Captain Cowie, Junior Officer; Jack P. Oates,
Educational Adviser; Dr. George E. Watkins, Camp Surgeon; Frank R. Phillips,
Project Superintendent; Seth C. Swift, Junior Range Examiner; H. M. Faulkner,
Engineer; H. S. Roberts, O. Wilson, and H. L. Morton, nontechnical foremen;
C. Harvey, A. Wagner, and C. P. R. Barclay, facilitating personnel.
Capt. Beach E. Taber, Inf-Res. - Commanding Officer
Dr. George E. Watkins - Camp Surgeon
Jack P. Oates - CEA
Frank R. Phillips - Project Superintendent
Herbert M. Faulkner
Herbert L. Morton
Herbert S. Roberts
Charles R. Barclay
All Southern Oregon and Nothern California Camps from
Ninth District Camps and locations in 1938 and description