JOSEPH HENRY HUDSPETH
10th Mountain Division
Joseph Henry Hudspeth entered active service
on December 14, 1942 in Tulsa , Oklahoma. After 3-1/2 months of infantry
basic training in Tulsa, Oklahoma, he joined the 87th Infantry Regiment at
Camp Hale, in Pando, Colorado. He served first in HQ Company of the
regiment's 2nd Battalion (87-HQ-2); then transferred to 87-E, and finally
to the 87th H Company.
The 87th Infantry Regiment, at Camp Hale, was the first of the 10th Mountain
Division's three regiments to form - 85th, 86, and 87th. They went
through rigorous training in mountain and winter warfare.
In June 1943, the 87th moved to Fort Ord, California, for amphibious training
as part of a 30,000-man task force getting ready to take back the Aleutian
island of Kiska, which was occupied by the Japanese.
On August 15 and 16, 1943, his regiment went ashore on Kiska to find that
the enemy had departed.
87th Infantry Regiment training in skiing, snowshoeing, mountain-climbing
for mountain and winter warfare near Camp Hale, Colorado.
Joseph Henry is on the far right of the back row.
Joseph Henry is standing in this photograph.
Date and location are unknown.
Cooper Hill, the primary ski training area for the Tenth
Mountain Division, which was located above Camp Hale
Amphibious Taskforce 9.
In January 1943, the 35th Division less the 110th Engineers and certain
other of its units, was ordered back to Camp San Luis Obispo. The 110th Engineers
continued its duties as Southern California sector troops until April and
then moved to Fort Ord to become a part of the Amphibious Force Number 9.
Immediately upon arrival at Fort Ord, the unit began amphibious training
and in July 1943 set sail for the assault on Kisha. Enroute, a four-day stop
was made at Adak where the unit debarked and familiarized themselves with
weather and terrain of the Aleutian Islands. After embarking again, the force
set sail and on August 15, 1943, landed upon Kiska. What was supposed to
be a surprise landing against the Japanese, turned out to be a surprise to
the ATF number 9 for the Japanese had pulled out leaving the island deserted.
The 110th spent the next seven weeks in unloading supplies, building roads,
docks and Headquarter buildings, and on the 25th of September loaded again
on a ship and set out for Hawaii arriving there on October 2, 1943.
Kiska Alaska | United States
On the 6th of June, 1942, the Japanese No. 3 Special Landing Party and 500
Marines went ashore at Kiska. The Japanese captured a small American Naval
Weather Detachment consisting of ten men, including a Lieutenant along with
their dog. One member of the detachment escaped for 50 days. Starving, thin,
and extremely cold he finally surrendered to the Japanese.
The island was bombed for 2 1/2 months after Attu's liberation. Thousands
of US and some Canadian troops landed on August 15, 1943. The Japanese garrison
of 5,200 men had been evacuated from the island on July 23 under the cover
of fog. Despite massive US air power, the evacuation slipped by unnoticed.
Allied casualties during the invasion nevertheless numbered close to 200,
all from friendly fire, booby traps set out by the Japanese to inflict damage
on the invading allied forces, or disease. There were seventeen Americans
and four Canadians killed from either friendly fire or booby traps, fifty
more were wounded as a result of friendly fire or booby traps, and an additional
130 men came down with trench foot.http://www.pacificwrecks.com/provinces/alaska_kiska.html
Copyright 2004 Susan Kay Hudspeth
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