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Works Cited

Alciato, Andrea. Little Book of Emblems, Recently Brought Forth to Light. Venice: Sons of Aldus, 1546.

[Anonymous]. The Arte of English Poesie. Contriued into three Bookes: The first of Poets and Poesie, the second of Proportion, the third of Ornament. London: Richard Field, 1589.

[Anonymous]. The Office of Generall Remembrance. Of Matters of Record, created by his Maiesties Letters Pattents for ease of his Subiects in their searches, and auoyding the inconueniences heretofore incident for want of meanes speedily to finde out all incumbrances vpon Record, &c. London: G. Eld for the Remembrancers Generall the Patentees, 1617.

[Anonymous]. A Trve Coppie of a Discourse written by a Gentleman, employed in the late Voyage of Spaine and Portingale: Sent to his particular friend, and by him published, for the better satisfaction of all such, as hauing been seduced by partiall report, haue entred into conceipts tending to the discredit of the enterprise, and Actors of the same. London: Thomas Woodcock, 1589.

[Anonymous]. A Defence of Tabacco. With a Friendly Answer to the late printed Booke called Worke for Chimny-Sweepers, &c. London: Richard Field, 1602.

[Anonymous]. The Holy Bible, Conteyning the Old Testament, and the New: Newly Translated out of the Originall Tongues: and with the former Translations diligently compared and reuised, by his maiesties speciall Commandement. London: Robert Barker, 1611.

Arnold, Philip M. "An Apology for Jacopo Silvestri." Cryptologia 4.2 (1980): 96-103.

Ashley, Robert, tr. A Comparison of the English and Spanish Nation: Composed by a French Gentleman against those of the League in Fraunce, which went about to perswade the king to breake his alliance with England, and to confirme it with Spaine. By occasion whereof, the nature of both Nations is liuely decyphered. London: Iohn Wolfe, 1589.

Bacon, Francis. Essayes. Religious Meditations. Places of perswasion and disswasion. London: Humfrey Hooper, 1597.

Bacon, Francis. The Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall. 1625. James Spedding ed.

Bacon, Francis. The essayes or, counsels, ciuill and morall: of Francis Lo. Verulam, Viscount St. Alban. London: Iohn Beale, 1639.

Bacon, Francis. The essayes or counsels, civill and morall, of Francis Lo. Verulam, Viscount St. Alban. London: Jo. Beale for Richard Royston, 1642.

Bacon, Francis. The Proficience and Advancement of Learning Divine and Humane. 1605.

Bacon, Francis. Of the Advancement and Proficience of Learning, translated by Gilbert Wats. Oxford University, 1640.

Bacon, Francis. The Wisedome of the Ancients, Written in Latine by the Right Honourable Sir Francis Bacon Knight, Baron of Verulam, and Lord Chancelor of England. Done into English by Sir Arthur Gorges Knight. London: Iohn Bill, 1619.

Bacon, Francis. The mirrour of state and eloquence. Lawrence Chapman, 1656.

Barnes, Barnabe. Fovre Bookes of Offices: Enabling Privat persons for the speciall seruice of all good Princes and Policies. London: George Bishop, T. Adams, and C. Burbie, 1606.

Barclay, John. Barclay his Argenis or, The Loves of Polyarchus & Argenis. Faithfully Translated out of Latin into English, by Kingswell Long Esquire. The Second Edition, Beautified with Pictures. Together with a Key Praefixed to unlock the whole Story. London: Henry Seile, 1636.

Beavmont, Fra. and Io. Fletcher. The Scornfvl Ladie. London: Myles Partrich, 1616.

Beamount, Francis and Iohn Flecher. A King and no King. London: Thomas Walkley, 1619.

Beckett, Jane W. The Secret of Shakespeare's Doublet. Hampton: Peter E. Randall, 1977.

Blundeuile, M. The Art of Logike. ... A very necessarie Booke for all young students in any profession to find out thereby the truth in any doubtfull speech, but specially for such zealous Ministers as haue not beene brought vp in any Vniuersity, and yet are desirous to know how to defend by sound argumentes the true Christian doctrine, against all subtill Sophisters, and cauelling Schismatikes, & how to confute their false Sillogismes, & captious arguments. London: Iohn Windet, 1599.

Boas, Frederick S., ed. The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus. New York: Gordian Press, 1966.

Boyer, Carl. A History of Mathematics. 2nd ed. New York: Wiley & Sons, 1991.

Brameld, Mary and Elizabeth. Baconiana. "Francis Bacon's Pictorial Hallmarks".


Camden, William. Remaines, Concerning Britaine: But Especially England, and the Inhabitants Thereof. Their Languages. Names. Surnames. Allusions. Anagrammes. Armories. Monies. Empreses. Apparell. Artillarie. Wise Speeches. Proverbs. Poesies. Epitaphes. Reviewed, corrected, and encreas ed. London: Iohn Legatt for Simon Waterson, 1614.

Carpenter, Nathaniel. Geography delineated forth in two Bookes, containing ther Sphaericall and topicall parts thereof. Oxford: John Lichfield and William Trune for Henry Cripps, 1625.

Carroll, Lewis. The Annotated Alice: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland  and Through the Looking-Glass. 1865 & 1871. Introduction and Notes by Martin Gardner. Middlesex: Penguin, 1972.

Cartvvright, Thomas. A Confvtation of the Themists Translation, Glosses and Annotations on the Nevv Testament, So Farre as They Containe Manifest Impieties, Heresies, Idolatries, Superstitions, Prophanesse, Treasons, Slanders, Absurdities, Falsehoods and other evills. 1618.

Cavendish, Richard, ed. Mythology: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1993.

Cawdray, Robert. A Treasvrie or Storehovse of Similies: Both pleasaunt, delightfull, and profitable, for all estates of men in generall. London: Tho. Creede, 1600.

Chettle, Henry. Englandes Mourning Garment: Worne here by plaine Shepheards; in memorie of their sacred Mistresse, Elizabeth, Queene of Vertue while shee liued, and Theame of Sorrow, being dead. London: V.S. for Thomas Millington, 1603.

Colonna, Francesco (attribution). Dedication signed "R.D." Hypnerotomachia. The Strife of Loue in a Dreame. London: Simon Waterson, 1592.

Colson, William. A general tresury, a perpetual repertory, or a common councel-place of accounts for all countries in Christendome. London: Nicholas Okes, 1612.

Corrigan, Brian Jay, ed. The Misfortunes of Arthur: A critical, Old-Spelling Edition. 1587. New York: Garland Publishing, 1992.

Cowell, Iohn. The Interpreter: Or Booke Containing the Signification of Words: Wherein is set foorth the true meaning of all, or the most part of such Words and Termes, as are mentioned in the Lawe VVriters, or Statutes of this victorious and renowned Kingdome, requiring any Exposition or Interpretation. Cambridge: Iohn Legate, 1607.

Crompton, Richard. The Mansion of Magnanimitie. Wherein is shewed the most high and honorable acts of sundrie English Kings, Princes, Dukes, Earles, Lords, Knights and Gentlemen, from time to time performed in defence of their Princes and Countrie: set forth as an encouragement to all faithfull subiects, by their example resolutely to addresse them selues against all forreine enemies. London: VVilliam Ponsonby, 1599.

Davies, John. The Scourge of Folly. Consisting of satyricall Epigramms and others in honor of many noble and worthy Persons of our Land. London: E.A., 1610.

Davis, Tenney, tr. Roger Bacon's Letter Concerning the Marvelous Power of Art and of Nature and Concerning the Nullity of Magic. Easton: Chemical Publishing, 1923.

De Bruck, Jacob. Les Emblemes Moraulx et Militaires Du Sieur Jacob De Bruck Angermundt Nouvellement mis en Lumiere. Strasbourg: 1616.

A Declaration of the Practices and Treasons Attempted and Committed by Robert Late Earl of Essex and His Complices, Against Her Majesty and Her Kingdoms, and of the Proceedings as Well at the Arraignments and Convictions of the Said Late Earl, and His Adherents, as After: Together with the Very Confessions and Other Parts of the Evidences Themselves, Word for Word Taken Out of the Originals. London: Robert Barker, 1601.

Deacon, John. Tobacco Tortvred, or, the Filthie Fvme of Tobacco Refined: Shewing all sorts of Subiects, that the inward taking of Tobacco fumes, is very pernicious vnto their bodies; too too profluuious for many of their purses; and most pestiferous to the publike State. Exemplified apparently by most fearefull effects: More especially, from their treacherous proiects about the Gun-powder Treason; From their rebellious attempts of late, about their preposterous disparking of certaine Inclosures: as also, from sundry other thier prodigious practises. London: Richard Field, 1616.

Deering, Edward. Lectvres, or readings, vpon part of the Epistle written to the Hebrues. London: Thomas Woodcocke, 1590. Reprinted in M. Derings Workes. More at large then euer hath heere-to-fore been printed in any one Volume. London: I.R., 1597.

Digges, Leonard. An arithmetical warlike treatise named Stratioticos. Thomas Digges, ed. London: Richard Field, 1590.

Dodd, Alfred. Francis Bacon's Personal Life-Story. London: Rider, 1986.

Donnelly, Ignatius. The Great Cryptogram. London: Samson Low, Marston, 1888.

Drvmmond, William. Poems. Edinbvrgh: Andro Hart, 1616.

Durning-Lawrence, Sir Edwin. BACON IS SHAKE-SPEARE. New York: John McBride Co., 1910.


Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1988 ed.

Favovr, Iohn. Antiqvitie Trivmphing Over Noveltie: Whereby it is proved that Antiqvitie is a true and certaine Note of the Christian Catholicke Church and verity, against all new and late vpstart heresies, aduancing themselues against the religious honour of old Rome, whose ancient faith was so much commended by S. Pauls pen, and after sealed with the bloud of many Martyrs and worthy Bishops of that Sea. London: Richard Field, 1619.

Ford, Iohn. The Broken Heart. London: I.B., 1633.

Forde, Io. Fames Memoriall, or The Earle of VeuonShire Deceased: With his honourable life, peacefull end, and solemne Funerall. London: Christopher Purset, 1606.

Fox, Levi, ed. Correspondence of the Reverend Joseph Greene. London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1965.

Friedman, William F. and Elizebeth S. The Shakespearean Ciphers Examined: An Analysis of Cryptographic Systems Used as Evidence That Some Author Other Than William Shakespeare Wrote the Plays Commonly Attributed to Him. Cambridge: University Press, 1957.

Fuller, Jean Overton. Sir Francis Bacon: A Biography. London and The Hague: East-West, 1981.

Gaines, Helen Fouche. Cryptanalysis: A Study of Ciphers and Their Solution. New York: Dover, 1956.

Gallup, Mrs. Elizabeth Wells. The Bi-literal Cipher of Sir Francis Bacon. Detroit: Howard Publishing Co., 1910.

Galland, Joseph S. An Historical and Analytical Bibliography of the Literature of Cryptology. New York: AMS Press, 1970.

Gentillet, Innocent. A Discovrse Vpon the Meanes of VVel Governing and Maintaining in Good Peace, A Kingdome, or Other Principalitie. Simon Patericke, tr. London: Adam Islip, 1602.

Green, Henry. A Choice of Emblemes, by Geffrey Whitney. Introduction Frank Fieler. "Essays Literary and Bibliographical" Henry Green. New York: Benjamin Blom, 1967.

Green, Henry, M.A. Shakespeare and the Emblem Writers; An Exposition of Their Similarities of Thought and Expression. New York: Burt Franklin, 1869.

Greene, Robert. Groats-worth of witte, bought with a million of Repentance. Describing the follie of youth, the falshood of make-shifte flatterers, the miserie of the negligent, and mischiefes of deceiving Courtezans. London: 1592.

Greg, W. W. The Shakespeare First Folio: Its Bibliographical and Textual History. Oxford: Clarendon, 1955.

Gibson, George. Handbook of the Exhibition of Napier Relics. Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1914.

Grosart, Alexander. The Complete Works of Josheah Sylvester, for the first time collected and edited: with Memorial-introduction, Notes and Illustrations, Glossarial Index, &c. &c. Portraits, and Facsimiles, &c. 2 vols. 1880. Hildesheim, Germany: Georg Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1969.


I. H. Virgidemiarvm. The three last Bookes. Of byting Satyres. [Hall, Joseph.] London: Robert Dexter, 1599.

Hamilton, Edith. Mythology. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1942.

Hanmer, Campion, and Spenser. The Historie of Ireland, collected by three learned avthors. Dvblin: Societie of Stationers, 1633.

Hall, Manly P. The Secret Teachings of All Ages: An Encyclopedic Outline of Masonic, Hermetic, Qabbalistic and Rosicrucian Symbolical Philosophy; Being an Interpretation of the Secret Teachings concealed within the Rituals, Allegories and Mysteries of all Ages. 1928. Los Angeles: Philosophical Research Society, 1994.

Harington, Iohn, tr. Orlando Fvrioso in English Heroical Verse. London: Richard Field, 1591.

Hayvvarde, I. The First Part of the Life and raigne of King Henrie the III. Extending to the end of the first yeare of his raigne. London: Iohn Wolfe, 1599.

Hayvvard, Io. An Answer to the First Part of a Certaine Conference, Concerning Svccession, Pvblished not long since vnder the name of R. Dolman. London: Simon Waterson and Cuthbert Burbie, 1603.

Hendersoun, Andrew. The Earle of Gowries conspiracie against the Kings Maiestie of Scotland. London: Valentine Simmes, 1600.

Heninger, S. K. Hekatompathia or Passionate Centurie of Loue. 1582. New York: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, 1977.

Herford, C.H., and Percy & Evelyn Simpson, eds. Ben Jonson. Volume VIII. Oxford: Clarendon, 1965.

Heywood, Tho. Troia Britanica: Or, Great Britaines Troy. London: W. Jaggard, 1609.

Hooker, Richard. Of The Lavves of Ecclesiasticall Politie. Eyght Bookes. London: Iohn Windet, 1597.

Hughes, Ted. Shakespeare and the Goddess of Complete Being. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1992.

[James I.] The Essayes of a Prentise, in the Divine Art of Poesie. Edinbrugh: Thomas Vautroullier, 1584.

James I. Daemonologie, in Forme of a Dialogue, Diuided into three Bookes. Edinbvrgh: Robert Walde-graue, 1597.

James I. Daemonologie, in forme of a dialogue diuided into three bookes written by the high and mightie prince, Iames by the grace of God King of England. London: William Cotton and Will. Aspley, 1603.

Iones, William. Sixe Bookes of Politickes or Civil Doctrine. London: Richard Field for William Ponsonby, 1594.

Johnson, Edward D. The Shakspere Illusion. 3rd Revised Ed. London: Mitre Press, 1965.

Iohnson, Ben. Timber: or, Discoveries; Made Vpon Men and Matter: As they have flow'd out of his daily Readings; or had their refluxe to his peculiar Notion of the Times. London: 1641.

Iohnson, Ben. Under-Woods. Consisting of Divers Poems. London: 1640.

Jonson, Ben. The Workes of Beniamin Jonson. London: Stansby, 1616.


Kahane, Howard. Logic and Philosophy: A Modern Introduction. 2nd edition. Belmont: Wadsworth, 1973.

Kahn, David. The Codebreakers: The Story of Secret Writing. New York: Macmillan, 1967.

Knott, Cargill, ed. Napier Tercentenary Memorial Volume. London: Longmans, Green and Company for the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1915.

Lea, Kathleen Marguerite and Quinton, Anthony M. "Francis Bacon: Life." Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1988 ed.

Leary, Thomas P. The Oak Island Enigma. Omaha: 1953.

Leary, Thomas P. The Second Cryptographic Shakespeare: A monograph wherein the poems and plays attributed to William Shakespeare are proven to contain the enciphered name of the concealed author, Francis Bacon. Omaha: Westchester House, 1990.

Leary, Thomas P. Personal communication.

Ledsem, Y. "The AA Head-pieces." Baconiana Vol. VIII, No. 31.

Lewkenor, Lewes. The Commonwealth and Gouernment of Venice. London: Iohn Windet, 1599.

Lings, Martin. The Secret of Shakespeare. New York: Inner Traditions, 1983.

Lodge, Thomas. A Fig for Momus. London: Clement Knight, 1595.

Macdonald, William Rae, tr. The Construction of the Wonderful Canon of Logarithms.... By the Author and Inventor, John Napier. 1889. "Translated from Latin into English with Notes and A Catalogue of the Various Editions of Napier's Works." London: Dawsons, 1966.

Macchiavelli, Nicholo. The Florentine historie. Written in the Italian tongue, by Nicholo Macchiauelli, citizen and secretarie of Florence. And translated into English, by T.B. Esquire. London: T.C. for VV.P., 1595.

Markham, Gervase. How to Chuse, Ride, Trayne and Dyet, both Hunting Horses and Running Horses. London: E. A. for E. White, 1606.

Massinger, Philip. The Plays and Poems of Philip Massinger. Volume III. Edwards, Philip, and Colin Gibson, eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976.

Mathews, Nieves. Francis Bacon: The History of a Character Assassination. London: Yale University Press, 1996.

Matus, Irvin Leigh. Shakespeare, in fact. New York: Continuum, 1994.

McArthur, Tom, ed. The Oxford Companion to the English Language. Oxford: Oxford University, 1992.

McMichael, George, and Edgar M. Glenn. Shakespeare and His Rivals: A Casebook on the Authorship Controversy. New York: Odyssey, 1962.

The Metamorphosis of Pigmalions Image. And Certaine Satyres. [Marston, John.] London: Edmond Matts, 1598.


Napier, Mark. Memoirs of John Napier of Merchiston, His Lineage, Life, and Times, with a History of the Invention of Logarithms. London: Thomas Cadell, 1834.

Nepero, Ioanne. The Construction of the Wonderful Canon of Logarithms; And their relations to their own natural numbers; with An Appendix as to the making of another and better kind of Logarithms.... By the Author and Inventor, John Napier. William Rae Macdonald, tr. Edinburgh: Andrew Hart, 1619.

Nepair, Iohn L. A Description Of The Admirable Table Of Logarithmes: With A Declaration Of The Most Plentifvl, Easy, and speedy vse thereof in both kindes of Trigonometrie, as also in all Mathematicall calculations. Edward Wright, tr. London: Okes, 1616.

Napier, John L. A Plaine Discovery of the whole Revelation of Saint John. Edinburgh: Robert Waldegrave, 1593.

Neumann, Erich. The Great Mother: An Analysis of the Archetype. Princeton: Princeton University, 1991.

Nichols, John. The Progresses, Processions, and Magnificent Festivities, of King James the First. Volume II. 1828. New York: AMS Press Inc.

O'Connor, D'Arcy. The Big Dig. New York: Ballantine Books, 1988.

O'Connor, D'Arcy. The Money Pit: The Story of Oak Island and The World's Greatest Treasure Hunt. New York: Coward, McCann & Ceoghegan, Inc., 1978.

Ogburn, Charlton. The Mysterious William Shakespeare: The Myth and the Reality. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1984.

Ormerod, Oliver. The Pictvre of a Papist: Or, A Relation of the damnable heresies, detestable qualities, and diabolicall practises of sundry hereticks in former ages, and of the papists in this age. London: Nathaniel Fosbrooke, 1606.

Oxford Latin Dictionary. Oxford: University Press, 1983.

Owen, Orville W., M.D. Sir Francis Bacon's Cipher Story. Detroit: Howard Publishing Co., 1893.

Pasquil. Pasqvils Mad-cap. And his Message. London: V.S., 1600.

Patericke, Simon, tr. A Discovrse Vpon the Meanes of VVel Governing and Maintaining in Good Peace, a Kingdome, or Other Principalitie. Divided into three parts, namely, the Counsell, the Religion, and the Policie, vvhich a Prince ought to hold and follow. Against Nicholas Machiavell the Florentine. London: Adam Islip, 1602.

Peacham, Henry. Minerva Britanna or A Garden of Heroical Deuises, furnished, and adorned with Emblemes and Impresa's of sundry natures, Newly devised, moralized, and published. London: Wa Dight, 1612.

Porta, Baptista. De Furtivis Literatum Notis Vulgo. De Ziferis. London: John Wolph, 1591.

Pott, Mrs. Henry. Francis Bacon and his Secret Society. Chicago: Francis J. Schulte, 1891.

Powel, Dauid. The historie of Cambria, now called Wales: A part of the most famous Yland of Brytaine. London: Rafe Newberie and Henrie Denham, 1584.

Primavdaye, Peter dela. The French Academie. London: Thomas Adams, 1618.

Puttenham, George. The Arte of English Poesie: Contriued into three Bookes: The first of Poets and Poesie, the second of Proportion, the third of Ornament. London: 1589.


Rathborne, Aaron. The surveyor in foure bookes. London: W. Stanasby for W. Burre, 1616.

Record, Robert. The Grovnd of Artes: Teachyng the worke and practise of Arithmetike. London: Reynold Wolff, 1542.

Reed, Edwin. Francis Bacon, Our Shake-speare. Kessinger, 1901.

Robertson, J.M.. The Baconian Heresy: A Confutation. London: Herbert Jenkins Limited, 1913.

Rosen, Kenneth. Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991.

Salignacke, Bernard. The Principles of Arithmeticke. Trans. William Bedwell. London: Richard Field, 1616.

Schoenbaum, S. Shakespeare: The Globe and the World. New York: Oxford, 1979.

Schoenbaum, S. Shakespeare's Lives (New Edition). Oxford: Clarendon, 1991.

Schoenbaum, S. William Shakespeare: A Documentary Life. New York: Oxford University, 1975.

Selenus, Gustavus. Cryptomenytices et Cryptographiae. Lunaeburg: 1624.

Seneca, Lucius Annaeus. The workes of Lucius Annaeus Seneca, both morall and naturall. Translated by T. Lodge. London: W. Stansby, 1614.

Shakespeare, William. Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies. London: Iaggard and Blount, 1623.

Shakespeare, William. Lvcrece. London: Richard Field for Iohn Harrison, 1594.

Shake-speare. Shake-speares Sonnets. Neuer before Imprinted. London: G. Eld for T.T., 1609.

Shakespeare, William. Venvs and Adonis. London: Richard Field, 1593.

Shannon, Claude E. "Prediction and Entropy of Printed English." Bell Systems Technical Journal, Vol. xxx, No. 1 (Jan. 1951).

Shirley, James. Loues Sacrifice. London: I.B., 1633.

Simmons, Gustavus. "Cryptology." Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1988 ed.

Smedley, William T. The Mystery of Francis Bacon. San Francisco: John Howell, 1910.

Smith, Iohn. The True Travels, Adventvres, and Observations of Captaine Iohn Smith, In Europe, Asia, Affrica, and America. London: J.H. for Thomas Slater, 1630.

Smithson, E. W., and Sir George Greenwood. Baconian Essays. New York: Kennikat, 1970.

Spedding, James, Robert L. Ellis, Douglas D. Heath, eds. The Works of Francis Bacon: Baron of Verulam, Viscount St. Alban, and Lord High Chancellor of England. 14 Vols. 1870. New York: Garrett Press, 1968.

Speed, Iohn. The Genealogies Recorded in the Sacred Scriptvres, according to euery Family and Tribe. With the Line of Ovr Safiovr Iesvs Christ, Observed from Adam to the Blessed Virgin Mary. London: Richard Field, 1612.

Sp., Ed. Mviopotmos, Or The Fate of the Butterflie. London: VVilliam Ponsonbie, 1590.

Sp., Ed. Prosopopoia. Or Mother Hubberds Tale. London: VVilliam Ponsonbie, 1591.

Sp., Ed. Complaints. Containing Sundrie Small Poemes of the Worlds Vanitie. London: VVilliam Ponsonbie, 1591.

Sp., Ed. Daphnaida. An Elegie Vpon the Death of the Noble and Vertvovs Dovglas Howard. London: William Ponsonbie, 1596.

Spencer, Ed. Colin Clovts Come home againe. London: VVilliam Ponsonbie, 1595.

Spenser, Edmund. Faerie Qveene. Disposed into twelue books, Fashioning XII. Morall vertues. London: VVilliam Ponsonbie, 1596.

Spenser, Edm. The Faerie Qveene: The Shepheards Calendar: Together with the other Works of England's Arch-Poet. London: H.L. for Mathew Lownes, 1617.

Spenser, Edm. Fowre Hymnes. London: VVilliam Ponsonbie, 1596.

Spurgeon, Caroline. Shakespeare's Imagery and What It Tells Us. Cambridge: University Press, 1993.

Strasser, Gerhard F. "The Noblest Cryptologist: Duke August the Younger of Burnswick-Luneburg (Gustavus Selenus) and His Cryptological Activities." Cryptologia.

Sylvester, Josuah. Du Bartas his Divine Weekes and Workes: With A Complete Collection of all the other most delightfull Workes, Translated and Written by that famous philomusus Josuah Sylvester, Gent. London: Robert Young, 1641.


Taylor, Iohn. The Scvller, Rowing from Tiber to Thames with his Boate laden with a hotch-potch, or Gallimawfry of Sonnets, Satyres, and Epigrams. With an addition of Pastorall Equiuocques or the complaint of a Shepheard. London: 1612.

Thompson, James Westfall. Secret diplomacy; a record of espionage and double-dealing: 1500-1815. London: Jarrolds, Ltd., 1937.

Topsell, Edward. The Historie of Fovre-Footed Beastes. Describing the true and liuely figure of euery Beast, with a discourse of their seuerall Names, Conditions, Kindes, Vertues (both naturall and medicinall) Countries of their breed, their loue and hate to Mankinde, and the wonderfull worke of God in their Creation, Preseruation, and Destruction. London: Iaggard, 1607.

Topsell, Edward. The Historie of Serpents or The Second Booke of liuing creatures. London: W. Jaggard, 1608.

Twain, Mark. Is Shakespeare Dead? New York: Harper & Brothers, MCMIX.

Virgidemiarvm, Sixe Bookes. First three Bookes. Of Tooth-lesse Satyrs. [Hall, Joseph.] London: Richard Bradocke, 1598.

Watson, Thomas. Hekatompathia or Passionate Centurie of Loue. London: Iohn Wolfe, 1582.

Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language. New York: Gramercy, 1989.

Wells, Stanley and Gary Taylor. William Shakespeare, The Complete Works: Original-Spelling Edition. Oxford: Clarendon, 1986.

Whetstones, George. The English Myrror. A Regard Wherein al estates may behold the Conquests of Enuy: Containing ruine of common weales, murther of Princes, cause of heresies, and in all ages, spoile of deuine and humane blessings, vnto which is adioyned, Enuy conquered by vertues. London: I. Winders, 1586.

Whitney, Geffrey. A Choice of Emblemes, and Other Devises, For the moste parte gathered out of sundrie writers, Englished and Moralized. And Divers Newly Devised. Leyden: Plantyn, 1586.

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