Pledge of Allegiance
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Written by Reverend Francis Bellamy in August 1892, this web site
claims the author is in dispute, although this web site
says it was settled in 1939. Officially recognized by Congress in 1942, in 1943
the Supreme Court ruled students could not be forced to recite the pledge in response to two Jehovah Witness
children expelled from school for refusing to cite the pledge. In 1953, The Story of The Pledge of Allegiance to The Flag --FRANCIS BELLAMY, '76 on the UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER LIBRARY BULLETIN, Volume VIII · Winter 1953 · Number 2, is another good article to read.
The American Legion and D.A.R. promoted changing the original "my flag" to "the flag of the United States of America" despite the protests of Bellamy. The phrase "under God"
was added to the "Pledge of Allegiance" after a push by the
Catholic Knights of Columbus organization
and signed by President Eisenhower in 1954 in response to the "cold war" with the Godless Soviet Union. In 1955 Congress added the
words "In God We Trust" to our paper money. The children of Reverend
Francis Bellamy said in 1954 he would have been opposed to adding the words "under God" to his original pledge. A really good
Red Skelton audio
meaning of the "Pledge of Allegiance". Wikipedia
probably has the best up to date pledge history. Religious Tolerance
is a Canadian view of the pledge history. It is aggravating to find these pieces all over with no one web site having all of these
facts in one place!
An interesting interpretation of this sequence of events, would be I learned the modern 1954 pledge in school, my father and
mother learned the 1924 pledge without "under God" and my grandparents would have learned the original 1892 pledge with "my flag"
not "the flag of the United States" or without "under God". So if we want to build a monument today, will it be relevant in the
future as words and interpretation of what is important changes?
1969 Red Skelton's Pledge of Allegience