Dedicated to the memory of my parents, Denval Perkins (1921-1974) and Mary Ruth Ball Perkins (1923-1960).
Welcome to my genealogical links page. This page will contain links to the areas I am researching for my family history. It also contains links to the ancestry of my four grandparents, Henry Franklin Perkins, Eleanor "Nellie" Walker Inman, George Matt Ball, and Rosa Genetta Swain.
There is also a page with a consolidated list of my ancestral surnames.
In addition, there is a separate link to the ancestry of my 3rd Great Grandfather, Jabez Perkins (1760-1836) who migrated from New Haven, CT, to Ashe Co., NC, Grayson Co., VA, Whitley Co., KY, and Bureau Co., IL, before returning to Whitley Co., KY, where he died. The following page lists the Children and Grandchildren of Timothy Perkins and Miriam Sperry, the parents of Jabez Perkins. A page has been created for Elizabeth White Perkins, wife of William Perkins, and Grandmother of my Perkins cousins. There is also a page for the Descendants of Samuel Gurowski, ancestor to the Counts Gurowski and some Perkins cousins who live in Spain and other parts of Europe.
In order to find living Perkins cousins, I have prepared individual reports in PDF format, on the descendants of each of the sons of Edward Perkins and Elizabeth Butcher of New Haven Colony: John, Jonathan, and David. I am particularly interested in finding Perkins surnamed males who are descendants of Jonathan Perkins, or, David Perkins, so we can test them in the Parkins and Perkins Y DNA Study. All descendants of Edward Perkins who have been tested descend from John Perkins. Because the only documentary evidence we have for the ancestry of Edward Perkins says he is a half-brother of Reverend Captain William Perkins of Ipswich and Topsfield, I have prepared a report on the Descendants of Rev Capt. William Perkins. I am looking for Perkins surnamed descendants of Rev Capt William Perkins to test in the Y DNA project to see if they match the descendants of Edward Perkins. I expect to update the reports each month as I find new information.
I will be posting descendant reports for my other ancestral families to aid the various Y DNA and mtDNA studies being conducted by me and by other genetic genealogists.
My Grandparents Families:
My Perkins family descends from Edward Perkins (~1610-1690) and Elizabeth Butcher of New Haven Colony. I descend from over 29 New Haven Colony families.
My Walker family descends from Daniel Walker (d. 1703) and Alice _____ of Talbot Co., MD, and connects to Daniel Boone's eldest sister, Sarah Boone Wilcoxon.
My Ball family descends from John Ball (d.1722) and Winifred Williams of Stafford/Fairfax Co.s VA. He owned the land that surrounded Mt. Vernon. His son, Moses Ball, worked for President George Washington as a surveyor and agent.
My Swain family descends from John DeSwain (d.aft 1850) and Isabel/Nancy _____ (d. aft 1860) through their son Jesse Swain (~1820-1900) and Mary E. Ball (1828-1903) of Whitley Co., KY.
Four Generations of the Descendants of my GGGG Grandparents:
The following Four Generation Studies have been developed in the process of doing genetic genealogy to determine the Y chromosome DNA (Y DNA), inherited from males, and the mitochodrial DNA (mtDNA) inherited from females, and the haplotypes and haplogroups of my ancestors.
Several of my ancestors are said to be of native american ancestry. Testing their DNA can identify the ethnic origin of the person being studied. Since males pass their Y DNa on to their sons, it is necessary to identify their direct same surname males descendants to find people to test. Women pass their mtDNA on to both their male and female children, but only the daughters then pass that same mtDNA haplotype to their children. Again, in order to determine the mtDNA of a female ancestor, you need to be able to identify their direct male or female descendant to test.
The studies below identify all the descendants for 4 generations, both direct and indirect, from the persons named. As I find new descendants, I will update the studies.
- Jabez Perkins (1766-1836) CT-NC-VA-KY-IL-KY and Nancy Ann ----- (1766-aft 1836) VA-KY-IL-KY;
- Nimrod Shepard (1782-1874) NC-KY and Jemima Smith NC-KY (1788-1880);
- William Ballantine Creekmore NC-KY (1797-1890) and Susan Porch NC-KY (1795-1868);
- William Campbell TN-KY (1796-1851) and Elizabeth S. ----- PA-KY (1790-1859);
- Jesse Walker NC-KY (1763-1871) and Margaret Bishop PA-KY (1799-1874);
- Vincent Wiatt TN-KY (1794-1880) and Jemima R. Sullivan TN-KY (1797-1870);
- Francis Meredith Manning NC-KY (1800-1843) and Letitia Anderson NC-KY(1807-1880);
- Edmund DeBerry Moses NC-KY (1811-1847) and Martha Richardson NC-KY (1814-1869);
- William Ball VA-KY (1791-1877) and Charlotte May VA-KY (1795-1860+);
- Peter Phipps NC-VA-KY (1792-1874) and Nancy Davenport VA-KY (1793-1873);
- Abraham Strunk NC-KY (1795-1870) and Abigail Pennington NC-KY (1798-1850);
- John Davis VA-NC-KY (1790-1850) and Frances Creekmore VA-KY (1805-1860);
- John D. Swain or DeSwain VA/PA-KY (????-1840-1850) and Isabel VA-KY(????-1850+);
- William Ball VA-KY and Charlotte May VA-KY (see above);
Kidd VA-OH-KY (1785-1859) and Margaret Bagley VA-OH-KY (1790-1860);
- Zorababel Stephens SC-KY-TN (1790-1869) and Susan Hayes VA-TN (1781-1884).
I have also created a page for the Ancestry of Rev. Hawte Wyatt of Virginia, ancestor to many Americans in the southern states.
Other families I am Researching:
I am also researching the following names for friends and family:
- Carter in Craven Co., NC, 1800+;
- Dove in Charles Co., MD and Craven Co., NC, 1750+;
- Figgers/Figures in SC, 1800+;
- Gallashaw in SC, 1800+.
- Altekruse from Germany to Baltimore, MD to Iowa, 1830+;
- Ansorge from Germany to New York, 1870+;
- Dietz from Germany to IN and then to Cincinnati, OH, 1860+;
- Clapsadel from PA to OH 1800+;
- Goodman from Lithuania to Boston, 1880+;
- Hawkins from MD to Monongalia Co., WV, 1700+;
- Kessler from Germany to OH, 1850+;
- Punshon from England to Cincinnati, OH, 1830+;
- Reams from Germany to VA, 1700+;
- Rothschild from Germany to Georgia, 1860+;.
- Waldman from Russia to Boston, 1880+.
Germans from Russia:
- Fritzler from Norka, Saratov, Russia to Colorado, 1750+;
- Rodenberger/Rothenberger from Saratov, Russia to Colorado, 1750+.
Genetic Genealogy: Y DNA and mtDNA
The newest technique in genealogy is the use of Y chromosome (Y DNA) and mitochondrial (mtDNA) to determine if persons of the same surname, or who descend from the same matriarch, are related. This method makes use of the non-coding and non-recombining parts of the Y chromosome DNA in men, and of the mitochondrial DNA in men and women. Both types of DNA are inherited virtually unchanged from either the father and/or the mother. Persons who descend from a common ancestor should have identical or nearly identical Y DNA and/or mtDNA as the person they descend from. In those cultures where the surname follows the male, this technique can be used to determine when individuals of the same surname descend from a common ancestor. At this time, it can not be used to pinpoint the ancestor, except in extraordinary circumstances.
A Parkins and Perkins surname Y DNA Study Project has been established. If interested, please see the home page at Parkins and Perkins surname Y DNA Study Project for details. This study covers the following spellings: Perkins, Parkins, Perkin, Parkin, Perkipile, Perkinson, Perkinsen, and Perquin. It is open to any male, of any racial group, with one of the aforesaid surnames or other variants. The Y chromosome used in the testing is only passed from father to sons. Women who are Perkins descendants and want to get the benefits of the Y DNA testing, should contact their nearest male Perkins relative and discuss the project with him. My Y DNA haplogroup is R1a1*, and my mtDNA is H*.
There are Y DNA studies for the following families in my ancestry:
- Anderson, R1b, Jacob Anderson, VA, Scott Co TN.
- Ball, R1b or J2, John Ball, Prince William and Stafford Co.s VA.;
- Barnes, R1b, Thomas Barnes, West Indies and Hartford, CT.;
- Boone, R1b, Squire Boone, Bradnich, Devonshire, England, Berks Co., PA and Rowan Co.,NC.;
- Campbell, see Melungeon below;
- Clark (Northern Clark's) mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org Clarke Glennon;
- Creekmore, Crickmer, Crickmay, R1a1, Edmond Crickmon, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., VA;
- Davenport, ?R1b, Davis Davenport?;
- Davis- see, Melungeon below;
- McKee, see, Melungeon below;
- Manning, Mannon;
- Moses, I1b, Joshua Moses, Anson Co., NC and Whitley Co., KY;
- Perkins, R1a1*, Edward Perkins, New Haven Colony, CT.;
- Rice, R1b, Abraham Rice, VA to KY, Rice Group 8;
- Strunk, R1a1, Daniel Strunk, VA, Wilkes/Ashe CO., NC, Whitley Co., KY.;
- Wyatt, R1b, Samuel Wiatt, Greenbrier Co., VA/Greene Co., TN and Knox Co., KY;
- Yates, see Melungeon below;
- Irish Surnames DNA Project, mailto:email@example.com Dr. Dan Bradley (Trinity College, Dublin, Eire), ;
- Scottish Surnames DNA Project mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org John Hansen;
- Viking I and II;
- Welsh Patronymics;
At this time, it is not possible to absolutely differentiate between the
Anglo-Saxons and the Scandinavian and Norman Vikings through DNA analysis,
although the following articles make a start in that direction using Haplogroups
of selected markers.
Helgason, etc., "Estimating Scandinavian and Gaelic Ancestry in the Male Settlers of Iceland", Am. J. Hum. Genet., 67:697-717, (2000);
and, this article:
Wilson, J. F., Weiss, D. A., Richards, M., Thomas, M. G., Bradman, N., Goldstein, D. B. "Genetic evidence for different male and female roles during cultural transitions in the British Isles". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., vol 98 (9) p5078 (2001)",
contains evidence for the following preliminary table of Y DNA markers for Celtic/Basque, Anglo Saxon and Norwegian ancestry:
DYS19/ DYS388-DYS393-DYS392-DYS394-DYS390-DYS391 Celtic/Basque: 12-----13-----13-----14-----24-----11 Anglo Saxon: 14-----13-----11-----14-----22-----10 Norwegian: 12-----13-----11-----16-----25-----11 ------------------------------------------------------
Other Y DNA marker sets: DYS19/ DYS388-DYS393-DYS392-DYS394-DYS390-DYS391 Atlantic MH* 12 13 13 14 24 11 Cohen MH 16 12 11 14 23 10 *=Celtic/Basque MH=Modal Haplotype
Preliminary results from a more recent study are reported in this article
from the BBC:
Nicola Cook, "Viking Genetics Survey Results", reporting on a study done by Prof. David B. Goldstein at University College London. Once Dr Goldstein's results are published, a link will be made to the paper.
More Information on DNA and Genealogy:
The following page at the University of Leicester contains links to primary scientific research on the Y chromosome: The Y Chromosome as a Marker for the History and Structure of Human Populations.
The following article is one of the more important discussions of Y DNA: Semino, et.al., "The Genetic Legacy of Paleolithic Homo sapiens sapiens in Extant Europeans: A Y chromosome Perspective", Science 2000, v 290, p.1155 et. seq.
This is a glossary of genetic terms: Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms from the National Human Genome Research Institute.
Information on Y DNA testing and Genetics in family history research is
available from the following web page:
Chris Pomery's DNA Portal: DNA & the Family Historian.
This page by Dennis Garvey discusses Haplogroups and gives frequency tables for the possible variations: Haplogroups.
This page by Nancy Custer gives information on the Y-STR Loci Allele Frequencies as Reported in the Y-STR European and USA Databases.
Kevin Duerinck's page gives information on the various testing
Genetics Laboratories and Testing Sites.
The following are the primary commercial Genealogy DNA testing laboratories:
Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation is engaged in a large-scale genetic genealogy testing program and they provide free Y DNA and mtDNA testing to anyone who can supply them with a four generation chart with names, locations and dates for their ancestors.
Family Tree DNA uses the Genetic Analysis and Technology Core at the University of Arizona for testing. Relative Genetics and DNA Heritage both use the laboratory of the Sorensen Genomics for testing. These companies test the Y chromosome DNA in a male's direct paternal ancestry and the mitochrondrial DNA in either a male's or a female's direct maternal ancestry.
Ancestry by DNA has adapted a forensic DNA test to allow for the determination of one's majority ethnic ancestry and various degrees of other ethnic ancestries. This test currently attempts to determine the degree of European, African, East Asian, and Native American ancestry. The test is most reliable in determining the majority ethnic ancestry.
Two other testing laboratories are Trace genetics which specializes in Native American ancestry, and African Ancestry which specializes in the ancestry of African Americans. There is also a free African American DNA Roots Project at Boston University.
There is a list of most family DNA studies at Chris Pomeroy's page: List of Y Chromosome DNA Studies and at Kevin Duerinck's Y Chromosome Surname DNA Projects page. Also see the web page for World Families.
The Journal of Genetic Genealogy publishes scientific articles on genetic genealogy, and the On-Line Journal of Genetics and Genealogy publishes pointers to websites, discussion lists, books, and articles dealing with genetics and genealogy.
DNA and Genetic Genealogy:
- Journal of Genetic Genealogy
- Online Journal of Genetics and Genealogy
- International Society of Genetic Genealogy
- The Genographic Study
History and Genealogy:
- For information on the prehistory of the Upper Cumberland area see Prehistoric Trails in the Upper Cumberland River Basin by Charles Mayer Dupier, Jr.
- For an overview of the Cumberland Gap area of Appalachia, see this site at the University of Virginia, Albion's Seed Grows in the Cumberland Gap.
- See this page for a festival, Shadows of the Cumberland Gap.
- An electronic magazine of Appalachian Culture, Hillsweb, Appalachian Culture, Heritage and more
- For information on the Wilderness Road see the Wilderness Road Regional Museum.
- The Frontier Museum in Staunton, Virginia has representative farms for English, Irish, German and American farmers.
- An extraordinary site for KY, TN, NC, SC and VA research:300 Million Plus Records for Genealogy.
- Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England
- Chalkley's Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia
- Shumatoff, The Mountain of Names.
- Eugene Stratton, Applied Genealogy.
- Richard S. Lackey, Cite Your Sources.
- Elizabeth Shown Mills, Evidence! Citation and Analysis for the Family Historian.
- Elizabeth Shown Mills, Professional Genealogy.
- Board of Certification of Genealogists, The BCG Genealogical Standards Manual.
The Great Migration
- Cressy, Coming Over.
- David Hackett Fisher, Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America. 1989.
- John Demos, A Little Commonwealth.
- Radical Origins.
- Pencak and Richter, Friends and Enemies in Penn's Woods.
- The Chesapeake in the Seventeenth Century: Essays on Anglo-American
Society. Chapel Hill: Univ. of NC Press, 1979.
- Rutman and Rutman, A Place in Time: Middlesex County, Virginia 1650-1750.
- John K. Nelson. A Blessed Company: Parishes, Parsons, and Parishioners in Anglican Virginia, 1690-1776. Chapel Hill: UNC Press. 2001.
- Crawford, Ashe County's Civil War.
- Hamby, Memoirs of Grassy Creek.
- Sprunt, Chronicles of the Cape Fear River.
- Wood, This Remote Part of the World.
- Oatis, A Colonial Complex.
- Marylynn Salmon, Women and the Law of Property.
- Linda L. Sturtz, Within Her Power.
- Kathleen M. Brown, Good Wives, Nasty Wenches and Anxiuos Patriarchs.
- Saunt, Black, White, and Indian.
- Berlin, Many Thousands Gone.
- Dunaway, Slavery in the American Mountain South.
The British Isles
- Barnard, A New Anatomy of Ireland: The Irish Protestants, 1649-1770. 2003.
- "'Now-Wives and Sons-in-Law': Parental Death in a Seventeenth-Century Virginia County," by Darrett B. and Anita H. Rutman (the article deals with Middlesex and Lancaster counties, VA), in "The Chesapeake in the Seventeenth Century Essays on Anglo-American Society," Chapel Hill: Univ. of NC Press, 1979, pp. 169 & 177.
Places of Interest:
My places of interest are in the following states and countries (in reverse chronological order):
- Kentucky, 1760-1950: Clay, Cumberland, Knox, Laurel, Lincoln, McCreary, Wayne, and Whitley counties. Also see the Cumberland River Region List; Southeastern Kentucky Corner of KyGenWeb; The Civil War in S.E. Kentucky; Knox County Kentucky History by Elmer Decker; and Kentucky Land Office; Kentucky Vital Records Index 1911-1986.
- Tennessee, 1760-1880: Anderson, Campbell, Claiborne, Cocke, Fentress, Greene, Knox, Morgan, and Scott counties and Cherokee/Chickasaw Nations. See, also, East Tennessee Historical Society; East Tennessee 1750-1796 Before Watauga to Statehood and Washington District, N.C.(now Washington Co., TN) and the State of Franklin; Tennessee Death Records 1914-1925; Tennessee State Library and Archives.
- Missouri, 1830-1870: Johnson, Randolph and St. Charles counties.
- Illinois, 1810-1850: Bureau and Putnam counties.
- North Carolina, 1630-1850: Ashe, Anson, Cherokee Reservation, Chowan, Currituck, Duplin, Edgecombe, Franklin, Granville, Guilford, Nash, Perquimans, Qualla Boundary, Rowan, Watauga, Wilkes and Yadkin counties. Also see, New River Notes and NCGenWeb Military Project.
- Old Walton Co., GA once part of SC, GA, Indian Lands and now part of Transylvania Co., NC. A map is located on the Franklin Co., GA web site.
- South Carolina, 1700s: Camden, Pendelton and 96 Districts, and South Carolina Native American tribes; Indians of South Carolina.
- Pennsylvania, 1670-1760: Philadelphia and Berks Counties.
- Maryland, 1630-1800: Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Calvert, Caroline, Cecil, Charles, Frederick, Prince George, Queen Annes, St. Marys, Somerset, and Wicomico counties.
- Connecticut, 1630-1800: Hartford and New Haven counties, including Southold, L.I. See, The Connecticut State Library - History and Genealogy.
- Massachusetts, 1630-1700: Cambridge and Boston. See, also, The Massachusetts Bay Colony.
- Virginia, 1607-1850: Accomack, Augusta, Botetourt, Charles City, Essex, Fairfax, Grayson, Greenbrier, Henry, Lee, Montgomery, Nansemond, Norfolk, Northumberland, Patrick, Old Rappahannock, Patrick, Russell, Stafford, Tazewell, and York counties. Also see the Virginia Colonial Records Project; The Valley of the Shadows:Two Communities in the American Civil War.
- Bahamas, 1600s: Ball, Linton, Perkins, Moulthrop and Williams families.
- Barbados, 1600's: Same.
- Jamaica, 1600-1760: Same.
The British Isles and Europe:
- England, 1500-1750: Berkshire, Cheshire, Devon, Essex, Kent, Norfolk, Suffolk, Yorkshire and the City of London.
- Wales, 1500-1750: Gwent.
- Scotland, 1500-1750: Campbell in Inverness and Burnett and Johnston in Aberdeen.
- Ireland, 1600-1750: Sullivan and Craven families.
- France, 1600-1700: Brassieur and Richeford families. See, also, Acadian and French Canadian Genealogy by John P. DuLong, Ph.D. and his page The Habitant in New France, and the National Huguenot Society.
- Germany, 1690-1790: Strunck/Strunk and Bishop families.
Native American Genealogy Sites:
Genealogy Search Sites:
- The American Local History Network
- Rootsweb Mailing Lists
- Family Tree maker Genforums READ the HELP page Your post goes into their database.
- Internet Family Finder.
- Family Search Internet Genealogy Service from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
- Search the International Genealogical Index.
- Rootsweb World Connect Search Site.
- The Quaker Corner
- The Early America Review
- Online Institute of Advanced Loyalist Studies