President Lincoln's proclamation in April 1861 called for 75,000 militiamen from the loyal States and Territories to suppress the rebellion in the Southern States. Subsequent proclamations and acts of Congress provided for additional increases in the size of the regular army and navy and called for additional volunteers and militiamen. The States and Territories met the requirements through activating the militia, voluntary enlistments,and the draft.
During the first 2 years of the war, many units were mustered for short periods (30, 60, and 90 days and 6, 9, and 12 months), but normal enlistments were for 1 to 3 years. Most soldiers served from units formed within their neighborhoods or States or Territories of residence.
A reenlisting soldier was not necessarily assigned to the same unit in which he had previously served, or even to the same branch of service, or arm of service. Disabled soldiers still capable of performing a service were assigned to the Veteran Reserve Corps (VRC).
Many units upon organization adopted or used a unique name, generally the name by which the unit had been known as a militia unit. When a unit was mustered into the Union Army, the name was changed to conform with regulations of the Union Army. A unit designation usually consisted of a number, the State or Territory name, and the arm of service: for example, 1st Iowa Cavalry. Some unit designations included the name of the officer who formed the company, or its commanding officer. Some units had two or more successive designations: for example, 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry and 44th Pennsylvania Volunteers. State and Territory names were not used for units composed of soldiers from several States or Territories or for special units. Records are generally filed under the final designation for a particular unit.
There are compiled military service records for nearly all soldiers who were accepted for service in the Union Army as militiamen or volunteers, 1861-65, whether or not they actually served. Records relating to soldiers who participated in actions that occurred between 1861 and 1865 are included in the records of the Civil War, even if the actions, such as Indian warfare, were unrelated to the war. The compiled military service records for Civil War soldiers are similar to those for other periods of service.
Records of enlisted men sometimes include information about age, residence at the time of enlistment, occupations at the time of enlistment, and physical description. Personal papers occasionally give additional information about residence, family, or business of officers and enlisted men. Information about heirs is sometimes found in records of hospitalization or death in service. The records generally refer to Federal service in other units during, before, and after the Civil War.
No general comprehensive name index to the compiled service records for Union Army volunteer soldiers exists. Separate indexes are available for each State and Territory except South Carolina, which furnished no white troops to the Union Army.
To locate the record of service of a particular soldier, the researcher may need to consult several indexes. A soldier may have enlisted in or been assigned to a unit from a different State or Territory from the one the researcher expects, or to a special unit composed of persons from several different areas. For example, a soldier from Tennessee might be in a unit from Kentucky. It is very tempting to list persons present at a battle, but the available evidence will ordinarilynot make that possible.
Nevertheless, attempts have been made. A good example is the Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg, PA. There, the State wished to record all Pennsylvanians present at the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863. The State decided to use the May-June 1863 muster rolls as evidence, since they list men present on June 30. This is a fortuitous date, since the battle began the next day and the men were under order on pain of death to remain with their assigned units, one can reasonably assume that most men recorded as present June 30 were at the battle. Nevertheless, the U.S. War Department did not recognize that assumption. In fact, controversies over the inclusion of specific names on the Pennsylvania memorial continue to this day.
SCHROM, John C., 49 years old when he joined GAR Post 37 on 14 Jun 1884.(No birth place) carpenter; private in companies B and I in the 87th Pennsylvania; dates or length of service not given. Died 19 Feb 1896.
SHRUM, Michael, 47, joined 29 June 1889, born in York Co., blacksmith in New Salem, PA, Corporal in 166th Pennsylvania, Company K. Mustered in, July 1861. 9 months service. Discharge date not given. Death date not given.
More Civil War Soldiers, Name, Born-Died, Wife/*Father
SHROM,Jacob Jr, 1837/ m Adaline E. SPANGLER, Private Co. A, 87th Regiment.
SHRUM,Amos Altman, 1845/1898 m Margaret J. HUTCHINSON, Civil War Vet.
SHRUM,Andreas, 1843-1916 m Nancy Wensel or VENSEL.
Aka Andrew Jackson - Civil War Vet.
SHRUM,Asa Joyner, 1826-1864 m Harriet HARGIS, Co. "D" 2nd Reg, Arkansas Vol - died in Union Army.
SHRUM, Daniel, 1834-1910 m Susanna KEENER, Private, 23rd Regiment, Company "D", enlisted 6, Sept. 1862 from Lincoln Co. NC. Crippled in the Civil War.
SHRUM,Elisha, 1836-1923 m Anne E. WILLIAMS, Company D, Texas Dismounted Calvary. Served entire 4 years, no wounds.
SHRUM,Frederick, 1839-1919 m Rachel Ann MORAN, Aka "Black Fred". Served from 28 July 1863, Co. M 3rd MO State Militia Cavalry.
SHRUM,George W., 1845-1865.
SHRUM,Gideon W., 56 Illinois Infantry.
On 31 March 1865, less tan 2 weeks from the end of the Civil War, 200 soldiers from the 56th Illinois Infantry were aboard the steamer, "General Lyon" when it encountered a severe storm off Cape Hatteras, caught fire & sank. Including the soldiers and crew, over 500 people met their death by flames or drowning. One of the Boys in Blue was a George W. Shrum, of Saline County Illinois.
SHRUM,Gideon W., 1825-1892 m Elizabeth GARRETT, Private Co. G, 111th Regiment, Illinois Volunteers. Served from 21 August 1862, mustered out a Sargent 6 June 1865.
SHRUM,Henry III, 1832-1900 m Margaret A. REED,Teamster, 1st Corps, Co. H, 149th PA Vol. Infantry.
SHRUM,Henry, 1842-1914 m Caroline COX, First Missouri Volunteers Cavalry. Served 1861 to October 1862, when he was injured.
SHRUM,Henry M., 1833-1915 m Mary Jane ROW, U.S. Army Military Historical Institute, at Carlisle Barracks, has a photo (in bad condition, since it is on glass and broken in 3 pieces.) It shows Henry Shrum, seated, holding a revolver, and his wife (Mary Jane Row) standing alongside, holding a small flag.
SHRUM,Jacob, 1823 m Melissa SMITH, Private Co. F , 6th Regiment "Hoopers Regiment", MO [see John (his father) below.]
SHRUM,Jacob R., 1834-1865 m Lucinda KISLER, Company A, 49th Missouri Infantry. Jacob died in St. Charles, MO, cause: Delirium Tremons.
SHRUM,James C., 1830-1922 m Rebecca KNOX, Company D 4th PA Calvary, Served 1861-1865.
SHRUM,James Franklin, 1835-1862.
SHRUM, Daniel, Company I, 11th Division, Bethal, North Carolina Regiment, died 15 Dec 1862 in the war.
SHRUM,John, 1833 m Jane JOHNSON, Southern Army.
SHRUM, John 1822-1865 m Mary BESS/BEST, John and son Jacob are listed as privates, Co. F "Hooper's Regiment, with residence in Dade County, Missouri. They appear on the Roll of Prisoners of War as said Company was surrendered at New Orleans, Louisiana by General E.K. Smith to Major General E. R. S. Canby, U.S.A. on 26 May 1865. The POW's were paroled at Shreveport, Louisiana, 14 June 1865.
John Shrum became sick of fever and chills and died on his way home to Missouri.
SHRUM,Joseph, 1831-1894 m Susan A. BAKER, served under Captain J. R. Cochran, Dallas, Missouri from 17 March 1865 to 9 July 1865.
SHRUM,Moses John, 1842-1922 m Elizah Jane MEEKS, Southern Army, Tennessee.
SHRUM,Newton L., 1834-1866 m Elizabeth, Co. B, 24th Regiment, Missouri Volunteers. Newton died of war illness.
SHRUM,Newton Jasper, 1844-1864.
SHRUM, Carroll S., Company B, 37th Regiment, Kentucky Volunteers Infantry. Died of Cold Camp fever at Glasgow, Kentucky.
SHRUM,Nicholas Jonah, 1841-1922 m Sarah EDEN, Company A, 2nd Tennessee Cavalry.
SHRUM,Peter, 1829-1919 m Mary Ann FERGUSON, Company "I", 47th Missouri Volunteers Infantry.
SHRUM,Pleasant F, 1830-1884 m Emaline HARGIS, Private Company I 9th Kentucky Volunteers Infantry.
SHRUM, Reuben Welty, Private 11th Regiment PA Volunteers infantry. Reuben died from effects of his wounds received at the battle of Antictan in Western Maryland. His brother, William's pension papers have a letter, requesting leave to go home due to serious problems there.
SHRUM,William Augustus, 1840-1900 m Mary CORT, 1st Lt. Regiment 11th PA Volunteers Infantry. Was a 2nd Lt. at Gettysburg. Wounded at least twice, arm and leg. His bible and note book saved him from wound to his heart. William's note book, lists by date, those missing, wounded, killed and many of the names were relatives and friends from Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.
SHRUM,William L, 1832-1861 m Mary Ellen DEWHITT, Company B, 24th Missouri, casualty to disease.
© Schrum/Shrum Research Group December 1997
Gideon W. "Gid" SHRUM fought in the Civil War. He enlisted at Clinton County, Illinois on 21 August 1862. He was mustered in as a private on 18 September 1862, and mustered out as a Sargent on 6 June 1865.
Adjutant General's Report for the 111th Illinois Infantry following the muster out at the conclusion of the war.
"The Regiment participated in the grand review held May 21, 1865, and went into camp near the city [Washington, D.C.?]. June 7 we were mustered out of the service. June 10 we broke camp and moved by rail to Springfield, Illinois. Arrived at Camp Butler and went into camp June 15, and remained in camp until the 27th, when we were paid and received our final discharge from the service of the United States. Disbanded and returned to our homes."
"The Regiment was engaged in 8 battles and 17 skirmishes. Number killed in battle 46, wounded 144, died in prison 11, died in hospital 93, discharged for disability 71. Total loss 365.
"The Regiment marched 1,836 miles, was transported by steamers 650 miles, by railroads 1,250 miles."
"Battles - Resaca, Dallas, Kensaw, Atlanta June 11 to 28, Jonesboro, Ft. McAllister, Bentonville."
"Skirmishes: Gravel Springs 5 November 1863; Decatur, Alabama 7 March 1864; Snake Creek 9 May 1864; Cross Roads 10 May 1864; Camp Creek 13 May 1864; near Dallas 25 May 1864; Big Shanty 13 June 1864; Kenesaw 24 June 1864; near Marietta [Georgia] 8 July 1864; Decatur 20 July 1864; near Atlanta 3 August 1864; Bull's Gap 23 August 1864; South Edisto, South Carolina 9 February 1865; North Edisto, South Carolina 12 February 1865; Columbia, South Carolina 17 February 1865; Cheraw, South Carolina 6 May 1865.
© Schrum/Shrum Research Group December 1997
December 19, 1992
Following, is a transcription of a tape recording made by Timothy Ray BAUER of Leona Diantha LYNCH ( Wile of Edward John BAUER, mother of Edgar William BAUER, Grandmother of Timothy Ray BAUER) on December 20, 1972: This transcript has been edited and arranged for clarity.
"Well Tim, you asked me to tell you again about my Mother & Father, it was during the Civil War, 1861 to 1865 and it was early in 1862 during the battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas.
It was every able bodied man. All that was left there was the old men, the sickly or to old to go to the war. My mother, Melissa Shuum, was 6 years old, her brother was Alonzo Shrum, he was 8 and they and their mother, her name was Mary Ellen [DeWHITT] Shrum, and she was 32 years old in 1862. Her husband [William L. Shrum] had gone off to war like the others and they lived alone like the others.
My Grandmother wore a little flag pinned to her dress, it wasn't stars like they have in the flags nowadays, but it was about an inch to inch and a half wide and two inches long and it was just the red, white, and blue stripes. She wore that pinned on her dress everyday of her life after my grandfather went to war. Incidentally, he was still in training when he got pneumonia, called lung fever in those days and died. That was in 1862.
Quantrill and his gang of thieves were roaming the countryside. They lived in a little town, it was called Eagle Rock. Just a small town 90 miles from Springfield, Missouri where the (Union) headquarters were stationed.
One day a wounded soldier was hiding in the tall grass in the back of their house and watched the house. He didn't know whether the occupants of that house were friend or foe. Along towards evening he knocked on her door and he saw the flag pinned on her dress. He told "her "I see you're a friend and I'm wounded and I was sent to carry a verbal message to the army headquarters and wondered if you could take it?" So she and a neighbor lady, could only find an old horse and an old mule to ride, rode to Springfield and my grandmother gave the message to the army.
On the return trip, in sight of their homes (it was my mothers turn to ride the mule), the road was just a faint road, no hi ways like today and it was rocky and her mule stumbled on a rock and fell and my grandmother's leg was broken with the bone going into the ground. The woman that had went with her rode to get help and the men pulled her leg from the ground, and as well as they could, since all the doctors nearby had been taken into the army, set the leg and put wooden splints around it to hold it and got her home. She remained crippled the rest of her life.
Probably a week or so after my grandmother had taken the message (to Springfield), she saw Quantrill and his gang a riding up to their house. Quantrill and another man threw their bridals over the picket fence and stormed into the house, the other men waited outside.
He said "I heard you took a message to Springfield, what was it?" My mother, had her arm around her mother on one side and uncle Lon had his arm around her, standing on the other side by the window and she never answered Quantrill at all and he cursed her and demanded to know.
Now this wasn't the first time that he had robbed my grandmother and her mother. A few years before that he had come in and there was a loose board in the floor which squeaked when he stepped on it. He opened it up and took what little prize possessions that they had had.
He kept threatening my grandmother and she never spoke and neither did the chldren, they just stood there and he told her "we'll be back by here this evening and if your not out of your house and gone or either tell me what the message was, I'll burn your house down!"
Along towards evening, the children saw him coming again and they both ran to each side of their mother, probably to protect her. So again he came in and he cursed her and tried to find out the message. She never spoke.
In those days matches were hard to come by so they used to take long pieces of paper and roll them up real tight and give them a twist and when they lit the fire in the fireplace under the mantel they would put the used paper back up on the mantel.
He (Quantrill) grabbed the featherbed off the bed and stuck it in the fireplace and took one of the rolled up papers and lit it from the oil lamp she had burning. He went over to the fireplace and again he urged her to tell and again she never spoke. After he had cursed her for a long time and tried to force it out of her he lit the featherbed and turned around and looked at them and neither the children or my grandmother spoke. He pushed the fire off with his hand and he threw the burning paper down and he looked at her (grandmother) and said, "you're to damn brave to die" and left.
It was after this that she got word that her husband had died. So, the relatives took her and her sisters and brothers in. My mother and brother, after their mother died, were brought up by some uncles.
I've told this all many times to all of you children, and I know I've told it to you like all grandmothers tell their children things that are really historical and should be remembered by children and their grandchildren and this story) has been recorded and its in the State Historical Library in Topeka, Kansas.
My mother married Tim Lynch and a big friend of the Lynch family was Susie Berry the superintendent of schools in Neosho County, Kansas. My mother had told her this story and she asked that mother repeat it again for her because she thought it should be in the State Historical Library in Topeka. I have the letter my mother received telling her it was an interesting event and she sure was a brave woman.
In later years when we had children (by Edward John Bauer), your father, Tim, his name is Edgar Bauer and my older son Bernard Bauer, and my daughter Kathleen Bauer, her name is Hills now, she married Jim Hills, and my sister Clara and her husband Major Every and their son Max Every who is about the same age as Bernard and little daughter Marie Every (my other children weren't born at this time yet) went to Springfield. In the Kansas City paper we had read an event of a robbery and a murder right near where their home was in Eagle Rock (Missouri). The son and daughter were the ones that were robbed and so my mother recognized the name and she wanted to go there and ask them if her mother had ever told their mother what the message was that had been taken to headquarters for the wounded soldier and they said no, but their mother had often wondered what the message was but my grandmother had never repeated it.
I hope you will always remember this (story) Tim and tell it to your own children when you get married. And so, God love you - Goodbye.
Note: Grandma Leona Diantha (Lynch) Bauer was 79 years old when she recorded this history.
Leona Diantha Bauer died January 26, 1980 at the age of 89.
Following is an excerpt taken from The Columbia Encyclopedia Second Edition published by Columbia University Press. Copyright 1956.
"Quantrill, William Clarke (kwon 'tril), 1837-65, Confederate guerrilla leader, b. Canal Dover (now Dover), Ohio [31 July 1837. In the Civil War his band of guerrillas was active in Missouri and Kansas. On Aug.31, 1863, Quantrili, with about 450 men, pillaged Lawrence, Kansas, and wantonly killed some 150 citizens. He was mortally wounded by Federal troops in May, 1865 [died in prison in Louisville, Kentucky]. Jesse James and his brother Frank were Quantrill Guerrillas. See WC. Connelley, Ouantrill and the Border Wars (1910)".
[War of Insurrection] Confederate Records
Records relating to Confederate soldiers are typically less complete than those relating to Union soldiers because many Confederate records did not survive the war.
Pensions were granted to Confederate veterans and their widows and minor children by the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia; these records are in the state archives or equivalent agency.
Confederate Pension Records
The agencies listed below are repositories for Confederate pension records. The veteran was eligible to apply for a pension to the State in which he lived, even if he served in a unit from a different State. Generally, an applicant was eligible for a pension only if he was indigent or disabled.
ALABAMA--In 1867 Alabama began granting pensions to Confederate veterans who had lost arms or legs. In 1886 the State began granting pensions to veterans' widows. In 1891 the law was amended to grant pensions to indigent veterans or their widows.
ARKANSAS--In 1891 Arkansas began granting pensions to indigent Confederate veterans. In 1915 the State began granting pensions to their widows and mothers.
FLORIDA--In 1885 Florida began granting pensions to Confederate veterans. In 1889, the State began granting pensions to their widows.
GEORGIA--In 1870 Georgia began granting pensions to soldiers with artificial limbs. In 1879 the State began granting pensions to other disabled Confederate veterans or their widows who then resided in Georgia. By 1894 eligible disabilities had been expanded to include old age and poverty.
KENTUCKY--In 1912, Kentucky began granting pensions to Confederate veterans or their widows.
LOUISIANA--In 1898 Louisiana began granting pensions to indigent Confederate veterans or their widows.
MISSISSIPPI--In 1888, Mississippi began granting pensions to indigent Confederate veterans or their widows.
MISSOURI--In 1911 Missouri began granting pensions to indigent Confederate veterans only; none were granted to widows. Missouri also had a home for disabled Confederate veterans.
NORTH CAROLINA--In 1867 North Carolina began granting pensions to Confederate veterans who were blinded or lost an arm or leg during their service. In 1885 the State began granting pensions to all other disabled indigent Confederate veterans or widows.
OKLAHOMA--In 1915 OK began granting pensions to Confederate veterans or their widows.
SOUTH CAROLINA--A state law enacted December 24, 1887, permitted financially needy Confederate veterans and widows to apply for a pension; however, few applications survive from the 1888-1918 era.
TENNESSEE--In 1891 Tennessee began granting pensions to indigent Confederate veterans. In 1905 the State began granting pensions to their widows.
TEXAS--In 1881 Texas set aside 1,280 acres for disabled Confederate veterans. In 1889, the State began granting pensions to indigent Confederate veterans and their widows.
VIRGINIA--In 1888 VA began granting pensions to Confederate veterans or their widows.
©The Schrum/Shrum Research Group 1998
Schrum, Daniel MO Cav. Preston's BN Co. C
Schrum, David MO Cav. Preston's BN Co. C
Schrum, Nicholas J. TN Cav. 7th Bn. Bennett's Co. C
Schrum, William TN Cav. 7th Bn. Bennett's Co. C
Shrum, Asa AR 15th Mil. Co G, 1st Sgt.
Shrum, Caleb VA 23rd Cav. Co. I
Shrum, Daniel AR 25th Inf. Co. I
Shrum, Daniel NC 23rd Inf. Co. D
Shrum, Daniel W. TX 16th Cav. Co. A
Shrum, David MO 4th Cav. Co. C
Shrum, Elisha TX 10th Cav. Co. D
Shrum, F.M. MO 12th Inf. Co. C
Shrum, Henry NC 52nd Inf. Co. H
Shrum, J. TX 17th Cons. Dismtd. Cav. Co.I,Sgt.
Shrum, Jacob MO 6th Cav. Co. F
Shrum, Jacob MO 8th Cav. Co. C
Shrum, Jacob MO Cav. Preston's Bn. Co. C
Shrum, Jacob MO 12th Inf. Co. F
Shrum, Jacob TX 17th Cav. Co. G, Sgt.
Shrum, Jacob TX Granbury's Cons. Brig. Co. G
Shrum, James M. MO 4th Cav. Co. C
Shrum, James M. MO Cav. Preston's Bn. Co. C
Shrum, J. Franklin NC 11th (Bethel Regt.) Inf. Co. I
Shrum, J.L. AR 5th Inf. Co. B
Shrum, Joel F. TN 2nd (Robison's) Inf. Co. K
Shrum, Joel F. TN 2nd Inf. Co. K
Shrum, John MO 6th Cav. Co. F
Shrum, John NC 28th Inf. Co. B
Shrum, John TN 35th Inf. 3rd Co. F
Shrum, John TN Conscr. (Cp. Of Instr.)
Shrum, John TX 3rd Cav. Co. H
Shrum, John TX Conscr.
Shrum, John T. MO 12th Inf. Co. C
Shrum, Martin L. VA 136th Mil. Co. C, Sgt.
Shrum, Michael NC 4th Sr. Res. Co. E
Shrum, M.L. VA 2nd Inf. Co. C
Shrum, Moses TN 35th Inf. 3rd Co. F
Shrum, Moses TN Conscr. (Cp. Of Instr.)
Shrum, N.J. TN 9th (Ward's) Cav. Co. F
Shrum, Samuel VA 3rd (Chrisman's) Bn. Res. Co. B
Shrum, Samuel VA 9th Bn. Res. Co. C
Shrum, Samuel VA 58th Mil. Co. G
Shrum, William AR Inf. 1st Bn. Co. E
Shrum, William AR 19th (Dawson's) Inf. Co. B
Shrum, William AR Inf. Hardy's Regt. Co. G
Shrum, William H. MO 12th Inf. Co. C
Caleb Shrum, grandfather of Jim Schrum and Mary Ellen Schrum Krause, came to Indiana from Virginia after the Civil War. He married and became one of Martin County's most successful farmers. Articles found in the attic of Caleb and Ingeby (Smith) Shrum house were newspaper articles posted to the pages of the 1861 Patent Office Report. Another grandson, John Witcher, who lived in Shoals when Caleb's house was being torn down, several years after the death of Caleb's son, Charles Edward, found these reports. Charles Edward was the owner of the house, having bought out the other children's shares. All that is left standing of Caleb's house in Shoals, Indiana, is the foundation; however, the land is still in the family.