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|Pioneers of the Bay of Quinte
Why I am interested in this family.
According to the famous book, Pioneer Life on the
After researching the Bleecker family, my curiosity pushed me to explore the McKenzie connection and identify the man she married and learn more about him. Thanks to Eric Bowler for his vital help in the conclusions below.
|This is a long web page - so use these links to navigate up and down the page.
|1. OVERVIEW: identifying Sergeant Colin McKenzie and his family
McKenzie is a common surname among the early settlers of Upper Canada. The first problem is to identify which McKenzie married the widowed mother of John Bleecker [also Blaker in the early record] and his sister, Lucretia Blaker. Luckily, a 1790 petition by Lucretia names her step-father as Collin McKenzie. This is the only contemporary record that provides indirect proof of this marriage.
20 Oct 1790, Kingston, Lucretia Finkle alias Blaker, step daughter of Collin McKenzie, late private in the Royal Rangers, prays for 200 acres as the Daughter of a Loyalist in the ninth township. [fold] No 429, certificate granted
Source: UCLP, RG1 L3,
20 Oct 1790, No 429, Lucretia Finkle alias Blaker, prays for 200 acres ... she is the daughter of the wife of Mr Colin McKenzie of Ernestown, late Sergt in the Loyal Rangers & appears to be entitled to the benefit
Source: Upper Canada Land Board Minutes and records, RG 1 L4, Mecklenburg District, V 7, 1783 - 94, C-14027
As frequently happens with early records, there is a problem. Lucretia's petition, written by a clerk, declares that her step-father, Colin McKenzie, was a private whereas the Land Board record states that her step-father was a sergeant in the Loyal Rangers. For legal reasons, the Land Board was painstakingly careful in identifying people, so it is more likely that the Colin in question is a Sergeant and the Land Board record is correct. We will see that the older Colin was a Sergeant and his son, Colin, was a private (drummer). It makes sense from a generational point of view that widow Bleecker married Sgt Colin McKenzie senior.
Eric Bowler has not found any record of the children of Colin McKenzie Sr naming their mother.
There may have been a bit of a scandal about this but in 1788 Sarah makes oath that she is married to Colin and given the social importance of being married in those times it is assumed that they were officially married. This would mean that Sarah's first husband, Mr Bleecker, is deceased by that time. It may be that Mr Bleecker died before 1773 and Colin and Sarah were married at that time. The PLBQ statement that "Shortly after [John Bleecker's] father's death his mother brought him and his sister to
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|2. Rev War Record
The rolls below identify a Sgt Colin McKenzie and his son, Colin McKenzie, a drummer, in the Loyal Rangers under Major Edward Jesssup. In 1783 Colin Sr is 37 thus born about 1746 in Scotland. His son Colin at 14 would have been born about 1769 in America.
THE LOYAL RANGERS
The Loyal Rangers were commanded by Major Edward Jessup and are sometimes called "Jessup's" Rangers. The transcribed information below is taken from a lengthy roll that was compiled in early 1783. The Loyal Rangers was formed in 1781 largely from the consolidation of several earlier Corps, so many of these men had seen previous Service, especially in the Burgoyne Campaign of 1777.
"THE ROSE LIST"
McKenzie, Colin Sr, Ernesttown, Sergeant Loyal Rangers, Loyalist, P.L. 1786
Colin McKenzie Jr, son of Colin McKenzie Sr. Drummer Loyal Rangers, P.L. 1786
Source: "The Rose List" or more formally: The centennial of the settlement of Upper Canada by the United Empire Loyalists, 1784-1884; the celebrations at Adolphustown, Toronto and Niagara, with an appendix, containing a copy of the U.E. List, preserved in the Crown Lands Department at Toronto, 1885, Rose Pub., pages 226 - 227
Peter Johnson, Loyalist expert and past president of the UEL Assoc. of Canada, writes, "The so-called 'Rose List' of Loyalists & others, lists both Colins, noting that one was the son of the other, and mentions them being in the Loyal Rangers. Here's where it gets odd. The Executive Council List lists Colin Sr. as of Ernestown. A Colin Jr. was expunged - no reason stated in further checking. It would appear these would be the two Colins listed earlier. I have no idea why Colin Jr. was removed. As a drummer in the LR he was quite qualified to be on it."
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3. Loyalist Claims for Losses
The papers below tell us that Sgt Colin McKenzie, of The Loyal Rangers, Loyalist, moved to Canada and was residing "at the Bay of Quinty." He came from Crown Point, NY and his wife was Sarah Powers.
Colin McKenzie prepared for his claim for losses to the Commission by collecting evidence in Feb 1786 for losses of £299. Later he added documents to clarify that the land was owned by his wife, Sarah [Powers] McKenzie’s family. Those documents were assembled in Feb 1788 and rec’d by the commission on
AO 12/33, 65 and page 450
Says he was doing duty in Jessups Corps at the Riviere de Chine in 1783. He is a native of
He had a house at
Joseph ?? sworn: remembers Colin McKenzie’s house that he lived in, he had a Brother in law to whom the house belonged, he had some cattle. Claimant says he does not charge for his brothers house.
Dr Thomas Sparham sworn: Says that he remembers Robert Lewis’s House and that C McKenzie bought it in 1776, It was a good new house and was burnt down, believes he had some cattle but he cannot say how many.
Produces certificate of Henry Othardt and Jas. Van Rennsselar,
Claimant had a house of his own. He possessed part of the Patent of Kinderhook under his father’s Will. Supposes about 200 acres. A considerable part of which was improved. Had stock on his farm. His lands were in Possession of persons who had purchased them under confiscation.
A0 13/14, 189
10 Feb 1786, Addison, John Strong sworn: I lived on the Lake shoar oppsit of Crown Point from the year 1766 to the year 1778 June 17 and was well acquainted with Collin McKenzie and his circumstances and am full of the opinion that he left of his property on Crown Point by the unnatural war his house household furniture cattle & cows to the amount of £299 New York Currency and sixty dollars which he left by going to Canada.
3 Feb 1786, Albany, Robert Lewis, Thomas Sparham JP, I hereby certify that Colin McKenzie late resident of Crown Point sustained losses to the amount of £299 sixteen shillings New York Currency in House Household furniture, cattle and other moveables by an estimate made and well knowing his circumstances as I then lived at Crown Point one of His majesty’s Justices of the Peace do further certify that Exclusive of the above Estimates he lost by going to Canada one hundred and sixty dollars.
No 1: 1050 acres in Panten [Santen?] township
No 2: 360 acres in
He receives £290 for his losses.
AO 12/64, 289
Source 1: Claims, American Loyalists, LAC films of National Archives holdings in England, AO 12/33, 65 and AO 12/64, 289 both in film B-1169 and A0 13/14, 189, film B-2187, Archives of Ontario, diffusion D 12.
Source 2: The Second Report of The Bureau of Archives For the Province of Ontario, Subtitle: United Empire Loyalists, Enquiry into the Losses and Services in Consequence of Their Loyalty, Evidence in the Canadian Claims, 1904, Alexander Fraser, pages 450 and 1280.
Loyalist Claims for Losses: The Second Report of The Bureau of Archives For the Province of Ontario, Subtitle: United Empire Loyalists, Enquiry into the Losses and Services in Consequence of Their Loyalty, Evidence in the Canadian Claims, 1904, Alexander Fraser. It is online at Internet Archive. Click on these links for Part 1 (pages 1 to 704) and Part 2 (pages 705 to 1436, including the index.) If these links don't work then try this page and click on Volume 2, parts 1 and part 2 (two separate volumes).
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|4. 1794 Marriage of Colin McKenzie Jr and Mary Howard
Knowing that Colin Jr married in 1794 is an important piece to the puzzle as it establishes that "children of Colin McKenzie" born before 1794 must be children of Sgt Colin McKenzie Sr.
15 Apr 1794, Colin McKenzie, Amherst Isle; [married to] Mary Howard
[Witnesses] Jane Howard, Mary McMullen, Thomas Jackson, Thos. Howard.
Source: Marriage Register, St John's Church, Rev John Langhorn, OHS, Papers and Records, Vol 1, 1899 and reprinted 1930.
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|5. Petition and marriage of Sgt Colin McKenzie Senior [born 1746, Scotland]
Colin McKenzie Jr was married to Mary Howard in 1794 so this petition below must be by Sgt Colin McKenzie Sr.
It identifes children Thomas and Ann born before 1789, possibly to his first wife. This is the only petition found of Colin McKenzie Senior. He therfore died after 1797.
20th Sept 1797, Collin McKenzie, a discharged soldier & UE Loyalist prays for lands for his son Thomas and Daughter Ann, born before the year 1789.
[fold notes] Family Petition, Rec’d 8 Nov 1797, certificate wanting
MARRIAGE BEFORE 1788
In the Claims for Losses, dated 8 May 1788, Sarah Powers is described as the wife of Colin McKenzie [senior].
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|6. Petitions of Colin McKenzie Junior [b. 1773 in America]
BIRTH and DEATH
"In memory of Colin McKenzie who died 2 Nov 1850, aged 77 years." Thus born about 1773.
Source: email from Eric Bowler from a transcription of headstones in St Johns, Bath done by Kingston, OGS.
Colin McKenzie Jr married Mary Howard in 1794 and these petitons belong to the "eldest" son of Sgt Colin McKenzie Sr and Sarah Powers.
The web site Edward Howard Effingham has information about this couple (scroll down to family #35).
[fold notes] Recommended for 200 acres as a soldier in addition & 400 acres for wife as the daughter of a ??. Read
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1797, Vol 329, M3/117, AO, film C-2192
[fold notes] An order in Council of the 5th Feby 1829 is filed in this Office in the name of Thomas McKenzie of Ernestown, (Warrant 1953) for 200 acres .. as the son of Colin McKenzie, UE Loyalist upon which a Certificate of unlocated claim addressed to the Commissioner of Crown Lands issued from this Office
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1839-1842, Vol 312, Mc 2/26, AO, film C-2142
Colin McKenzie is named as a juror in the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Court of Oyer and Terminus and General Goal Delivery, at Kingston, 11 Aug 1823. Chief Justice was Hon. William Drummond Powell, Chief Justice.
Source: From an image of the document emailed by Guylaine Petrin, AO, MS 530, reel 2, page 215, Oct 2011. Guylaine writes that "Grand Jurors were usually Esquire" and this fits with Colin's standing in other documents.
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|7. Other Children of Sgt Colin McKenzie Senior and Sarah Powers
So far we have Colin, Thomas and Ann as children of Colin McKenzie Senior. These petitions below add sons William and Duncan to the list since they are born before 1794. In order to petition as a SUE both William and Duncan had to be 21 or older in 1797 and thus are both born before 1776.
Petition 96 deals with the confusion of there being two Colin McKenzie's in the area and the fact that Colin McKenzie Jr of Amherst Island is not on the UE list. We know from the "Rose List" that both Colins are recorded.
Colin McKenzie Sr b 1746 married Sarah Powers sometime before 1788. Sarah had previously married a man named Bleecker and had two children Lucretia and John Bleecker. Colin and Sarah raised Lucretia Blaker till she married Henry Finkle. Her son John Bleecker settled at the mouth of the Trent River.
[fold notes] Rec’d
June 17th issued a ticket of Privelege as SUE was given to the Surveyor General’s Office in name of Duncan Mckenzie. A new warrant to Duncan McKenzie issued
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1797, Vol 329A, M3/208, AO, film C-2192
27 Jany 1807, Adolphustown, the petition of Duncan McKenzie, son of Colin McKenzie of
[fold notes] Rec’d 10 March 1807 from Thos Dorland Esq – Colin McKenzie Senior of Ernestown appears in the UE list – but not Colin McKenzie of Amherst Island quire if the same person? Petitioner has had 200 acres of land by Order in Council
[96b] 28 Jany 1807, Duncan McKenzie appeared before Alexander Fisher, Hazelton Spencer, Thomas Dorland and Daniel Wright Esquires. His magistrates Justices of the Peace in and for the Midland District in Quarter Sessions assembled Duncan McKenzie of the town of
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1792-1816, Vol 325, M Misc/96, AO, film C-2189
No.1. Wm. McKenzie, Amherst Isle; Sarah Howard, same,
Daniel Richard, Duncan McKenzie, Thomas Howard.
35. Duncan McKenzie,
28 Feby., 1809, Thomas McKenzie, Eleanor Church, Jonathan M. Church.
Source: Marriage Register, St John's Church, Rev John Langhorn, OHS, Papers and Records, Vol 1, 1899 and reprinted 1930
PETITIONS TO LOOK UP
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1808, Vol 334, M 9/63, Sarah Howard/McKenzie, AO, film C-2196
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1807, Vol 325A, M Misc/115, Sarah Howard/McKenzie, AO, film C-2189
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1820, Vol 351, M 15/176, Sarah McKenzie, AO, film C-2209
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|8. Family of Colin McKenzie Junior
Colin McKenzie Jr married Mary Howard in 1794 in St John's, Bath, Ernestown. The two petitions below probably are from daughters Caroline and Lucretia.
This web site Edward Howard Effingham posted at Rootsweb has this information and lists seven children.
Mary HOWARD (John HOWARD , Lt., K.R.R.N.Y.) was born 1769 in
Source: web site only
9th July 1833, Lucretia McKenzie, Township of Ernestown, daughter of Colin McKenzie, Ernestown, a UE Loyalist, has never received land ... attained the age of twenty one … prays for 200 acres. Sworn before Isaac Fraser, Chairman. [She] personally appeared before the Court of Quarter Sessions, Adolphustown. James Nickalls?, Clerk of Peace
[fold notes] In Council 5 Sept 1833, recommended, order issued
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1832-1833, Vol 357A, M 18/143, AO, film C-2213
10th July 1833, Caroline McKenzie, Township of Ernestown, daughter of Colin McKenzie, Ernestown, a UE Loyalist, has never received land ... attained the age of twenty one … prays for 200 acres. Sworn before Isaac Fraser, Chairman. [She] personally appeared before the Court of Quarter Sessions, Adolphustown. James Nickalls?, Clerk of Peace
[fold notes] In Council 5 Sept 1833, recommended, order issued
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1832-1833, Vol 357A, M 18/142, AO, film C-2213
STATUTE OF CANADA
An Act assented to 4th May 1859: ... Colin McKenzie, Church Warden St John’s Church, Bath, Ernestown who held lands in trust for a public School in Bath … and the said Colin McKenzie died in 1851, leaving no sons and four daughters, namely Mary, the wife of Orton Hanox; Sarah, widow of George McKenzie; Lucretia McKenzie, spinster, and Caroline, wife of Robert Stewart, all of whom are still alive ….
Source: Statutes of the
REID's book - lists children for one Colin McKENZIE only. Offspring for this Colin listed in REID's include:
- Duncan of Portland OC 28 June 1797
- Wm of Amherst Is. m Sarah HOWARD
- Caroline OC
- Mary OC
- Sarah A. OC 8 May 1828 Ernestown
- Thomas of Ernestown OC
Source: email from Peter Johnson - petitions need to be checked
CHILDREN OF COLIN McKENZIE and MARY HOWARD
(all baptized by Rev. John Langhorn)
30+ Mary Hall McKenzie (1795-1885) m. Orton Hancox.
31+ Sarah Ann McKenzie (1797-1881). m. George Mackenzie.
32. Susannah McKenzie (Bapt 31Jul 1798). Unmarried. Drowned at age 21 in a boating accident in the sound between Bath and Amherst Island, 9 Sep 1818. (See Reid. Death Notices of Ontario.)
33. William Duncan McKenzie (21Sep1800-5Oct1800)
34. John Howard McKenzie (15Nov1801-15Apr1803)
35+ Lucretia McKenzie (1805-1881). Unmarried.
36+ Caroline McKenzie (1807-1876) m. Dr. Robert Stewart"
Source: email from Eric Bowler, Nov 2011
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|9. More marriages of Rev Langhorn, Ernestown
These local marriages obviously deal with family members of Colin McKenzie.
52. Thomas Howard,
14 Feby., 1797 Thos. Eyre, Daniel Richards, David Brass, Colin McKenzie.
67. Richard Robins, Ernest.; May Raymond
William Robins, David Williams, Nathan Brisco, Wm. McKenzie.
34. Wm. McGinnis,
Wm. McKenzie, Colin McKenzie, Mary George, Eliza Church.
76. John H. Bleeker, Murray; Elizabeth C. Richards,
John Richards, Marysburgh, bachelor, and Jane Howard,
Source: Marriage Register, St John's Church, Rev John Langhorn, OHS, Papers and Records, Vol 1, 1899 and reprinted 1930, also on Bill Martin's web site
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|10. Alexander McKenzie - also from The Loyal Rangers
No evidence has been found that connects Alexander McKenzie to the Colin McKenzie family.
[fold] Report page 131
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1788-1795, Vol 324, Mc Misc/99, AO, film C-2189
That your petitioners late Uncle in the month of July last died without having located the remainder of his lands amounting to 1750 acres … as nephew and heir at law … prays for 1750 acres.
[fold notes] Rec’d of Mr Ferrand 27 May 1796, recommended, No 125, read
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1795-1796, Vol 328, M 2/125, AO, film C-2191
That only 500 acres of land have as yet been assigned to the Family of your Petitioners said late Father and your Petitioner …. [prays for] the usual proportion of 2000 acres to be completed to them.
[fold notes] Rec’d of Mr Ferrand 27 May 1796, No 127, recommended to grant the military lands due to the late Lt Kenneth McKenzie to the lawful heirs of his body – the location up to the Surveyor General, Read 8 July 1796, No 544
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1795-1796, Vol 328, M 2/127, AO, film C-2191
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11. Daniel McKenzie of Murray
No evidence has been found that connects Daniel McKenzie to the Colin McKenzie family.
11 Oct 1836, Amherst, Elizabeth McKenzie wife of Daniel McKenzie of the Township of Murray, is the daughter of John McArthur, late of the Township of Murray, UE Loyalist, that she is the full age of Twenty one years and has never received land … prays for 200 acres. Sworn before J Huston, JP
[275b] 7 Nov 1839, at Murray, John Gruber Murray Township, yeoman, maketh oath that he was well acquainted with John McCarty [sic] of Murray, aforesaid yeoman, a UE Loyalist and known him upwards of forty years ago, that the land John McCarty resided in the Township of Thurlow before coming into Murray aforesaid: that he was well acquainted with the inhabitants of Sidney and Thurlow ?? and that he never knew any other John McCarty than the one above named UE Loyalist. William Robertson, JP.
[275d] 15 October 1838, Murray, David Simmons of Murray, yeoman, maketh oath that to the best of his belief he is now 68 years old: that he hath known Elizabeth McKenzie wife of Daniel McKenzie about 40 years, since the first settlement of this Province and that she is the daughter of John McArthur who was a UE Loyalist: that said, John McArthur first settled in the Township of Fredericksburgh on the Bay of Quinte and that he removed from thence to the Township of Murray where he died about 40 years ago; and that he remained loyal till his death. John V Murphy, JP
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1824-1840, Vol 326, M Misc/275, AO, film C-2190
12th Oct 1842, Daniel McKenzie, Township of Murray, yeoman, is the step son of John Cook formerly of Township of Thurlow, yeoman, declared a UE loyalist, who drew his lands in the Township of Kingston; that he came into this Province in 1792 with his said stepfather and family and is now of the age of sixty two years and upwards and hath never received any land … prays for 200 acres. Sworn before T Ward.
[86a] Richard Hare,
Sworn before T Ward.
[86b] Document affirming that Daniel appeared before the Quarter Sessions of Newcastle District on
[fold notes] Recommended for 200 acres, Approved in Council 29 June 1843, order issued SGO
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1839-1842, Vol 312, Mc 2/86, AO, film C-2142
12 Oct 1842, Cobourg, Elizabeth McKenzie, Township of Murray, wife of Daniel McKenzie, is the daughter of John McArthur, formerly of the Township of Thurlow, yeoman, deceased, a UE Loyalist, hath arrived at the age of sixty years past, and hath never received land … prays for 200 acres. Sworn before Richard Hare and Thomas Ward, Clerk of Peace. Personally appeared before Chairman of the Quarter Sessions.
[fold notes] Rec’d Nov 8/42, Recommended, Approved in Council 18 Feb 1843, Order issued
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1839-1843, Vol 312, Mc 2/12, AO, film C-2142
[fold notes] Recommended and Approved, 29 June 1843, order issued by SGO
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1839-1842, Vol 312, Mc 2/87, AO, film C-2142
This would be an interesting petition to look up.
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1797, Vol 91, C 3/123, John Cook, Thurlow, AO, film C-1648
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|12. Petition of Barbara dau of Alexander McKenzie married to William McKenzie
No evidence has been found that connects Alexander and William McKenzie to the Colin McKenzie family.
[fold] No 608, report page 10, certificate granted
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1788-1795, Vol 324, Mc Misc/100, AO, film C-2189 [Note: LAC online index incorrectly states this is petition 110.]
[fold] No 607, report page 9, certificate granted
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1788-1795, Vol 324, Mc Misc/101, AO, film C-2189
[fold notes] Rec’d 14 Nov. AW
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1791, Vol 329A, M3/182, AO, film C-2192
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|13. Other nearby McKenzies
Rec’d from petitioner
[note] took the oath of allegiance
[161a] No 193,
[161b] No 1301, Receiver Genreals Office,
[161c] 14th Oct 1817, Kingston, We certify that we have known Captain James McKenzie for several years that he was employed in the Royal Navy at Kingston and do therefore recommend him for a lot in the Town of Kingston. Thomas Markland JP, John Cummins JP
[fold notes] Read 23 Oct 1817, granted, Warrant 1274,
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1812-1818, Vol 337A, M 11/161, AO, film C-2199
[fold notes] Rec’d
Entered in land book J, page 368
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1815-1818, Vol 338, M 11/281, AO, film C-2200
[fold notes] In Council
Source: UCLP, RG 1 L3, 1832-1833, Vol 357A, M 18/109, AO, film C-2213
ELGIN COUNTY McKENZIES
Thanks to Guylaine Petrin who sent these notes she made about McKenzie family in Elgin County. The presence of the names Colin and Duncan suggests a possible distant connection. “I came across this family while researching George Swanton in the Second Heir and Devisee Commission at A.O. The file indexed under Geroge Swanton had actually NO information whatsoever about George Swanton.”
The McKenzies of
That Donald McKenzie of Dunwich, died previous to his son Alexander (1857)
That his wife Barbara McKenzie died
That Alexander McKenzie (their son) died
That Alexander McKenzie left 2 brothers John and Colin McKenzie and two sisters: Mary wife of Donald Finlayson and Isabelle wife of Donald McPherson.
That said Alexander had 3 other brothers named Duncan, Roderic and Daniel and one sister named Christine all whom died before him (1857) without ever being married except Duncan who died in May 1860 without ever having been married.
The affidavit was signed by Donald McPherson who is the only one who could read and write.
The affidavit was dated
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