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Arthur Miscellaneous Research Records

Farmer Miscellaneous Research Records

1877 Authorization from
A. H. Farmer to Greenville Arthur
Scott Co., VA

Right for the County of Scott in the State of Va This right Entitles Greenville Auther [sic, should be Arthur], to make use Sell & Con[v]y rights to others for the Same of A. H. Farmers Improved Cotler [sic -- should be Colter] & Plow Stosk [sic - should be Stock] in Said County & No where Else

For which Said Patent Baring [sic] Date Aug 28th 1877 No 1[9]46[6]5
this 18th Nov 18 77
A. H. Farmr [sic]

Source:  My great aunt Myrtle Corell Myers had this, and her nephew, William Russell East, Jr., gave these to me after she passed away.

[I found drawings and the patent description online at the US Patent Office web site. To view them there, you have to install a plug in & it took me several minutes to find a free one that worked. To save others the trouble (& possibility that they can't get the viewer), I saved the images in .jpg format and put them on this page along with a transcription of the patent.]



No. 194,665

Patented Aug. 28, 1877.

Fig. 1.

Fig. 2.

W. W. Hollingsworth
John Ne[w]on

Andrew H. Farmer

[can't read name]




Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 194,665, dated August 28, 1877; application filed
May 14, 1877.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ANDREW H. FARMER, of Oak Level, in the county of Henry and State of Virginia, have invented a new and Improved Colter and Plow-Stock; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same.

The invention relates to an improved colter or sod cutter, and a stock or standard for supporting the same.

The construction and arrangement of parts are as follows:

In the accompanying drawing, forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a side view of the colter and stock, showing also the manner of attaching the same to a beam. Fig. 2 is a side view of a shovel or share which may be used with the stock.

The colter A has a cutting-edge, a, nearly straight, and a curved back, b. The cutting edge is serrated, the teeth thereof inclining downward, and horizontal grooves c extend backward from the several notches between the teeth.

This construction adapts the colter to easily sever large tough roots encountered in plowing, and the teeth are rendered self-sharpening, by reason of the notches and grooves between them, which wear back or deeper by friction with the furrow-slice.

The point d of the colter enters a recess in the point of the stock B, and the middle of its back b is held between ears f, which project from the stock at the bend or angle g of the same.

A right-angular arm, h, which is formed on the upper end of the colter, and projects forward of its cutting-edge, passes through the beam C, and is secured by a screw-nut, i. The stock B is also provided with a right-angular arm, k, and straight stem or arm l, by which it is similarly attached to the beam.

The arm h of the colter, and the ears f formed on the stock, serve to prevent the colter being twisted or broken by torsional action.

The colter is, notwithstanding, light, and cheaply constructed.

Besides the function of the ears f in holding the back of the colter, as above stated, they serve to strengthen the stock at its angle, without adding materially to its weight or cost.

I show in Fig. 2 a shovel or share adapted for use with the stock B, when it is desired to provide a light implement for furrowing or cultivating crops growing in rows.

What I claim is --

In combination with the stock B having the ears f at the angle thereof, the colter A having a convex back, and the right-angular arm projecting forward of the cutting-edge, as shown and described, for the purpose specified.


A. W. Phillips
B. B. Phillips

Transcriptions by Susan Shields Sasek.  Items in brackets [ ] are my notes or words/characters I had difficulty reading.

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