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Rankin Family History Project

New Haven Colony Laws


It is Ordered, &c. That every person within this Jurisdiction, who shall bake Bread for sale, shall have a distinct mark for his Bread, and keep the true assizes hereafter expressed and appointed.

When Wheat is ordinarily sold by the bushell, at the severall Rates hereafter mentioned, the penny white loaf, penny wheaten load, and penny houshold loaf shall weigh severally and respectively by aver dupoyse weight as followeth.

s. d. the When the bushell of wheat is
at 3 0 penny white loaf 11 1/2 ounces, wheaten 17 1/2 ounces, household 23       ounces.
at 3 6 penny white loaf 10 1/4 ounces, wheaten 15 1/4 ounces, household 20       ounces.
at 4 0 penny white loaf 9 1/4 ounces, wheaten 14       ounces, household 18 1/2 ounces.
at 4 6 penny white loaf 8 1/4 ounces, wheaten 12 3/4 ounces, household 16 1/2 ounces.
at 5 0 penny white loaf 7 3/4 ounces, wheaten 11 1/2 ounces, household 15 1/2 ounces.
at 5 6 penny white loaf 7       ounces, wheaten 10 1/2 ounces, household 14 1/4 ounces.
at 6 0 penny white loaf 6 1/2 ounces, wheaten 10       ounces, household 13       ounces.
at 6 6 penny white loaf 6       ounces, wheaten 9 1/2 ounces, household 12 1/4 ounces.

And so proportionably under the penalty of forfeiting all such Bread, as shall not answer the forementioned severall Assizes, And for the better execution of the Order there shalbe in every Plantation, as occasion may require, an Officer yearly chosen who shal be sworn at the next Plantation Court, or by the next Magistrate, or Officer for taking Oaths, unto the faithfull discharge of his Office, who is hereby authorized to enter into any house, either with the Constable, or Marshall, or without, where he understands that any Bread is baked for sale, and to weigh such Bread, as often as he seeth cause; and after once notice, or warning, to seize all such bread as he findeth defective in weight, or not marked according to this Order.

And all such forfeitures shall be divided one third part to the Officer for his care and paines, and the rest to the poor of the place.

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The Rankin Family History Project began in 1997 with a simple 3 generation family chart.  When our grandmother found out we were researching our family tree, she loaned us her copy of Maryland Catholics on the Frontier by Timothy J. O'Rourke which helped us discover our St. Louis & Perry County roots.  We are also doing research in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

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Rankin Family History Project     Sonoma County, California

Updated February 2000
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