This is a copy of a booklet of the above title, which was hand-written by Dr. Charles Abiathar White in 1902, and transferred to internet format in December, 2005 by Stephen G. Sanford, one of Dr. White's great-great-grandsons. The original was in possession of Stephen's father, Richard White Sanford for many years. In 2012 he turned it over to the State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines. It contains an autobiography and a great deal of information about Dr. White's ancestors. Dr. White, who lived from 1826 to 1910, was a prominent American geologist and paleontologist. To place him in perspective with respect to the Sanford Family, and for other information and pictures, see the Sanford Family Genealogy page.
Biographical and Genealogical Notes
Charles A. White
I was born on the 26th of January, 1826, upon a small farm in the northern part of Dighton, Bristol Co., Mass. The house in which I was born was built by my father, but the land was part of the ancestral farm, inherited from my grandfather, great-grandfather, and great-great grandfather, all three of whom were named Cornelius White. The original farm was situated partly within the limits of Taunton, and partly within those of Dighton, the boundary between the two towns passing eastward and westward through the original farm. The portion which was inherited by my father was wholly within the limits of Dighton. My father's house was built (and still stands) within the fork of roads about one mile northwestward from North Dighton Village, and about one mile south of a village in Taunton which was then called West Factory, but now is called Westvi1le.
In 1838, my father and his family removed to what was then called the Far West, I being then twelve years old. He made our new home at Burlington, in the then territory of Iowa, where I grew up to manhood. My father being a carpenter, I learned that trade with him, and worked at it first in Burlington, and then in St. Louis, until 1847. In the last named year I went to Dighton and Taunton and there worked at my trade. On September 28, 1848, I was married to Charlotte R. Pilkington, daughter of James Pilkington of Dighton. In the following year, 1849, my father having died, I, with my wife, went to Burlington, and there resumed work at my trade.
I was then about 24 years old and, although I had often wished for an education I had regarded it as quite beyond my reach. I then resolved to acquire all the knowledge I possibly could by reading and private study. As there were then no libraries of any kind within my reach I was confined to the few books I was able to buy from the small wages I was able to earn, after meeting the absolute wants of my family. I had to proceed without any teachers and to begin with almost elementary studies because I had received no other schooling than that which is mentioned as follows:
In my childhood I attended the county district school near my home in Dighton, and when I was about eleven years old I attended Bristol Academy at Taunton Green for a few months. In my 14th and 15th years my father gave me six months' schooling at Burlington three months in each of those years. While I was in Taunton, in the winter of 1847-48, being out of work, I attended a private school there for two months. The schooling of those eight months was all I received after I was twelve years old; and I received no other stated instruction until my professional studies long after I was married. Up to that time all my private studies were made while I was necessity working from ten to twelve hours a day of at my trade.
I thus began the study of Medicine, in connection with my daily work, about the year 1854, and the study of the geology of the region round about Burlington, a year or two earlier. In 1860, Dr. Seth S. Ransom formally became my preceptor in Medicine, and rendered me much assistance in my studies, as did his son, Dr. Horace B. Ransom. I attended One full course of medicinal lectures at the University of Michigan, where I also pursued special studies in chemistry. My second course of medical lectures was at Rush Medical College, now the Medical Department of the University of Chicago. I was graduated from that college with the degree of Doctor of Medicine.
In 1864 I removed with my family from Burlington to Iowa City, Iowa, and began then the practice of medicine. While thus engaged I was appointed State Geologist of Iowa by legislative enactment and assumed the duties of that office in April, 1886. In June of that year I received the degree of Master of Arts from Iowa College, at Grinnell, Iowa.
In 1867, the trustees of the Iowa State University elected me to the professorship of Natural History, with the understanding that I should teach geology only during the continuance of the Geological Survey, and that upon its close I should teach Geology, Zoology, Botany and Human Physiology; all of which I did.
I became a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1868, and a Fellow of the same when fellowships were first established. I was general secretary of the association in 1872, and Vice President of it in 1888.
In 1870 I closed my work upon the Iowa Geological Survey, published two volumes of final reports, and assumed the full duties of my professorship at the University. I continued my work there until 1873, when I was called to a similar chair in Bowdoin College at Brunswick, Maine. I accepted that call and removed with my family to Brunswick in July 1873. I began my work with the fall term at that College, teaching there all the branches I had taught at the Iowa State University.
In 1874 while teaching at Bowdoin College, I was requested by Lieut. Geo. M.Wheeler to undertake the publication of the Invertebrate Paleontology of the U. S. Geographical and Geological Surveys west of the 100th Meridian, then in his charge. I undertook that work, going to Washington in July, 1874 to begin it. At the beginning of the Fall Term in the college, I returned to Brunswick, bringing with me collections of fossils of that survey for study. I continued this paleontological work in connection with my college work until June, 1875. I then resigned my professorship at Bowdoin College and went to Washington D. C. where I joined the U.S. Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region, in charge of Major J. W. Powell. I continued with the Powell Survey one year. In 1876 I removed my family from Brunswick to Washington, and became attached to the U.S. Geological Survey of the Territories, under the direction of Dr. F. V. Hayden as Geologist and paleontologist. I remained with that survey until its suspension in 1879.
In 1879 1 was appointed Curator of Paleontology in the U.S. National Museum, and continued in that work until 1882, when I was appointed geologist to the reorganized U.S. Geological Survey, then directed, by Major J.W. Powell, Mr. Clarence King, the former director, having resigned. In 1882, I was detailed to act as Chief of an Artesian Wells Commission upon the Great Plains, under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Upon completion of that work of that commission I returned to my duties on the Geological Survey, with my headquarters at the U.S. National Museum.
Also In 1882, by request of the Director of the Museu Nacional at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, I undertook the publication of the Cretaceous fossils which had been collected by the Geological Survey of that Empire, and which were lent to me at Washington for that purpose. In 1887 the results of my work were published in Rio de Janeiro in both Portuguese and English. A small edition of the same was issued by the Smithsonian Institution.
I continued my connection with the U.S. Geological Survey until 1892, when a failure of sufficient appropriations caused me to resign. From that time to the present, (March 1, 1902) I have lived privately at my home in Washington. The following Honors have been conferred upon me.
I was elected President of the Biological Society of Washington in 1883, and re-elected in 1884. In December, 1901, the Society made me a special Life Member, free of dues and obligations to the Society.
I was one of the original members of the Geological Society of America. I was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1889. The degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred upon me by the Iowa State University in 1893.
In 1895, I was appointed Scientific Associate of the Smithsonian Institution, a purely honorary position, which I now hold 1902)
I have been elected to corresponding membership in the following foreign societies.
The Geological Society of London, in 1893
The Isis Gessellschaft f�r Naturkunde in Dresden, Saxony, in 1893.
The R. Academia Val Darnese del Poggio, Montevarchi, Italy, in 1893.
The K.K. Geologische Reichsanstalt, in Vienna, Austria, in 1893.
The Kaiserliche, Leopoldinisch-Carolinisch, Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher, at Halle on the Saale, in 1894.
In December 1894 I was elected a Foreign Member of the Geological Society of London -- Its highest honor.
In 1885 an annotated list of my writings was published in Bulletin 30 of the U.S. National Museum. A similarly annotated list, supplementary to the first, was published in the Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, Vol. XX. These two lists together comprise 211 entries and extend from 1860 to 1897 inclusive. Since the latter date I have written a considerable number of articles for the press.
A biographical sketch of myself appears in each of the following publications :
1. Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography.
2. National Cyclopedia of American Biography, Vol. VI, p. 231.
3. Johnson's Cyclopedia.
4. American Ancestry (Munsell's Sons) Vol. 4, p. 132.
5. Bulletin U.S. National Museum No. 30, p. 115.
6. Proceedings U.S. National Museum, Vol. XX, pp.627, 628.
7. Who's Who in America, 1899 - 1900 - Marquis & Co., Chicago.
8. Herringshaw's Cyclopedia of American Biography of the 19th Century
9. History of Iowa - By B.F. Ciue, Vol. 4, page 284 , 285.
10. Biographical Dictionary of the United States.
11. Directory of American Men of Science.
12. Biographical Review of Des Moines County, Iowa.
13. Geographen- Kalender. Justus Perthes' Geographische Anstatt in Gotha.
14. American Biographical Directories, District of Columbia edition of 1907.
I have traveled in most of the states and territories of the Union and in Canada and Mexico, in the course of my geological work, and visited the larger part of the countries of Europe in 1886. In 1880 I, with my wife, visited Europe, and went to Egypt and Palestine.
The Family of Charles A. White.
Charles Abiathar White and Charlotte Richmond Pilkington were married in North Dighton, Mass. September 28th 1848. The following were their children
(1.) James Albert.
Born in Burlington, Iowa, July 12, 1849. He was graduated with the degree of M.D. from the Iowa State University in 1872, and is now (1902) practicing medicine in Portland, Oregon. He married Eliza Catherine Elliott in Portland in 1882. She was the daughter of William and Ranoy (Sconce) Elliott, and was born in Clackamas County, Oregon on April 21, 1847. They have had no children.
(2.) Charles Everett.
Born in Burlngton, Iowa, June 29. 1852. He was graduated from the Iowa State University both as Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws, and now (1902) lives in Madison, Wisconsin. In 1881 he married Mary (Bewick) Bridges, a widow with two daughters, Saidie [Editor's note: Also known as Sallie] and Eva. They had two daughters, Charlotte, born Nov. 1. 1882, and Dorothy, born May 4, 1885.
(3.) Infant Daughter.
Born prematurely and died, June 20, 1857, in Burlington, Iowa.
Born in Burlington, Iowa, September 12, 1858. Married to Herbert J. Browne in Washington D.C., where they now (1902) reside. They have had four children, Charles Janvrin, Randolph, Gertrude Veronica and Margaret Marian. Randolph died in 1892. The other three are now living (1902) with their parents.
(5.) Herbert Corey.
Born in Burlington Iowa, September 18, 1861. He was graduated from the Scientific Department of Dartmouth College in 1885. He is now (1902) living in Beatrice Nebraska, unmarried.
( 6.) Lily.
Born in Iowa City, Iowa, January 12, 1865, and died there on February 2, 1865. Buried in Oakland Cemetery, at Iowa City, lot No. 28.
Born in Iowa City, Iowa, July 15, 1866. Graduated from the High School at Washington in 1887. She is now (1902) teacher of cooking in the City High School in Washington, D.C., and is living in Washington with her parents, unmarried. (1902)
(8.) Edward Winslow.
Born in Iowa City, Iowa, May 6, 1869, and was killed upon the railroad at Brunswick, Maine, February 5, 1876. He was buried upon the Pilkington farm in Dighton, Mass., and afterward removed to the cemetery at Westville in Taunton, Mass., N.W. corner of lot 9, section 6.
(9.) Leonard Alroyn.
Born in Iowa City, Iowa, Nov. 26, 1872. He was graduated from the Dental Department of the University of Maryland, March 31, 1898, with the degree of D.D.S. He is now (1902) practicing Dentistry in Washington D.C. and living with his parents, unmarried.
I own sites 2,4,6,8,& 10, lot 105, Section G, Rock Creek Cemetery, District of Columbia, upon which there are now (1902) no burials.
Parents of Charles A. White and their Children.
The parents were Abiathar White and Nancy (Corey) White, and were married in North Dighton, Mass., April 20, 1823.
Abiathar White was born in Taunton, Mass., November 15, 1793. He died in Burlington, Iowa, January 19, 1849, and was buried in Aspen Grove Cemetery at Burlington.
Nancy (Corey) White was born in Taunton, Mass., Aug. 27, 1795. She died in Burlington, Iowa, January 7, 1851, and was buried beside her husband in Aspen Grove Cemetery.
Children of Abiathar and Nancy White.
1. John Wesley- born April 7, 1824. He is now (1902) living at Portland, Oregon. He has two sons and one daughter living.
2. Charles Abiathar born January 26. 1826, now living in Washington.
3. Mary born May 1, 1827. Married John Prugh at Burlington, Iowa, and had two children. The father, mother, and children are all dead, and buried in Aspen Grove Cemetery, in a northern suburb of Burlington.
4. Albert born October 23, 1833 and died at Burlington, Iowa in 1839. He was first buried in the western part of what is now the city of Burlington, but was afterward removed to Aspen Grove Cemetery.
5. Sarah Ann, born August 10, 1829. Married Albert G. Walling at Burlington and went with her husband to Portland, Oregon, where she died in 1884. She had several children, only two of whom, Mary and Edward, survived, (1902). Her husband is also dead.
6. Caroline Nancy born August 23, 1831. She died July 27, 1832, and was buried in a small lot on the homestead farm in Dighton.
All the children of Abiathar and Nancy White were born at their homestead in Dighton.
Parents of Charlotte R. White and their Children
Charlotte Richmond Pilkington was born in Taunton, Mass. March 1, 1829. Her parents were James and Nancy (Dewhurst) Pilkington, both of whom were born in the town of Bury, Lancashire, England. After four children were born to them they emigrated to America, about 1827. They first made their home in Taunton, Mass., and afterward in the adjoining town of Dighton. Two other children were born to them in America. Their children were Ann, Alice, Maria, Elizabeth, Charlotte Richmond, and Mary Jane, all of whom reached Maturity, and all were married.
Ann married Daniel Cummings, who was killed by a railroad accident.
They had several children, only one of whom reached maturity. This was Daniel, a Jeweler. He and his wife are both dead, leaving no children. Ann married a second Husband, who soon after died, leaving no children. Ann is also dead, and none of her issue survive her.
Alice married George Ingalls of Taunton. Both died, leaving one son George. He died about the time he reached his majority, so that no issue of Alice survives.
Maria married Abraham Woodhead, and both are now dead. They left two children, Thomas and Nancy. The former lives at Pawtucket R.I. The latter married George Francis, of Dighton, where they now (1902) live.
They have had no children.
Thomas is married and has several children.
Elizabeth married my cousin, William B. White and by him had one son. Both father and son are long dead. She married Joseph Keith for a second husband, and bore him a daughter who died young. Keith died in 1900. She still lives (1902) in Taunton.
Charlotte married Charles A. White, and now lives with him in Washington D.C. (1902) She died July 16, 1902.
Mary Jane married John F. Dunlap of North Dighton. They had two children, only one of whom, Arthur, survives. Dunlap is dead, and his wife and son (1902) reside at North Dighton Village.
I have not been able to get any definite knowledge of the ancestral line of James Pilkington, father of Charlotte, but there is in the family a well understood tradition that he was directly descended from James Pilkington, the first Protestant Bishop of Durham. This bishop was born about 1520, and died in 1576. He was appointed to his bishopric by Queen Elizabeth. In 1558 he was also by like appointment one of the Commissioners to revise the Book of Common Prayer. See Dictionary of National Biography Vol. XLV(p. 294: and also Vol. I of Adam Clark's Commentaries on the Scriptures.
Parents of the Father of Charles A. White, and their Children.
My grandfather Capt. Cornelius White of Taunton, Mass. married Abigail Leonard of Taunton. They had five sons and four daughters named as follows:
Darius removed to Maine in his early manhood, in 1806 or 1807, and settled at, or near, Lewiston Falls. His descendants are numerous in that state. He married Sally Hunt of Taunton. He was born July 3, 1779 and died July 13, 1862.
Leonard was born December 13, 1781, and died, Sept. 21, 1807. He was unmarried, and was buried with his parents in Taunton.
Cornelius was born on Oct. 9, 1791, and died in Taunton, in which city many of his descendants now live.
Abiathar died in Burlington Iowa. (see page ??)
Adolphus (or Gustavus Adolphus) died in Taunton, where his descendants still live, some of them on the ancient White homestead.
Abigail married Charles Babbitt, of Taunton, and died there.
Lydia married Haley Atwood of Taunton, and died there.
Susannah married William Godfrey of Taunton, and died there.
Sally married Samuel Pendleton of Taunton, Mass., and died in Dighton.
Parents of the Mother of Charles A. White and their Children.
My maternal grandfather was Daniel Corey. He lived and died. in the village of North Dighton, Mass., but I remember that he once told me he was born on Prudence Island, in Narragansett Bay. During my early childhood he owned an interest in a waterfall and sawmill at North Dighton village, which was adjacent to the Cotton Factory which had been built there by Capt. James de Wolf, of Bristol, R.I. I think that he got that right through his wife who, I believe, was a Mary Wiley. My great grandfather Wiley owned property in North Dighton, then called Wellington, but I have been able to learn very little about him. I also know nothing about the parentage of my grandfather Corey. He and a brother and three sisters owned by inheritance quite a tract of land in and adjoining the village of North Dighton. The brother, whose name was Stephen, was a cripple and unmarried. The three sisters lived with him in their cottage, and were also unmarried. All lived to be very old, subsisting upon the proceeds of land they sold from time to time. The sisters were named Abigail, PoIly, and Betsey respectively.
My grandfather Corey died before I can remember, and my grandfather, in his old age married a Mrs. Cartright, who survived him but is long since dead. My grandfather Corey died in 1850, aged about 85 years. He had two sons and three daughters. The sons were Thomas and Daniel, and the daughters were Mary, Nancy, and Sally. The sons married but they have left comparatively few descendants. Mary married Peter Davis of North Dighton. Nancy married Abiathar White. Sally died unmarried in 1891. She lived in and owned the cottage in which her uncle Stephen and his sisters lived, and which she inherited by will from the surviving one, Betsey. That was the last remaining piece of property that had been owned by the Corey's, and now no property is owned in the village by anyone of their name or by any descendant.
Mary Wiley was the mother of Daniel Corey. His first wife's given name was Jeninna.
A Collateral Line of the White Family.
My grandfather, Cornelius White, had a brother, Abijah who, I think died about 1837. He lived in a house, since destroyed, that stood on ground now owned by the Dighton Furnace Company at North Dighton Village, Mass. The following data concerning bis family have been furnished me by his grandson, Elleridge G. White of Moline, Ill. They were written out by a daughter of the latter, Mrs. Sammels, of Moline.
"Abijah White married Esther Chase. They are both buried in the Richmond (now called Walker) burying ground. Their children were Job, Abijah, Paul, Samuel, Allen, Anthony, Darius, Sally, Betsey, Gelaney (Juliana), Esther, and Clarissa.
"The wife of Abijah was eleven years old in the first year of the Revolutionary War. Job married Miss. Griffin and Miss. Douglas. Abijah Jr. married Eliza Wilkinson. Paul married Lois Newell. Anthony married Miss Miller. Darius Married Miss Lewis. Ge1aney married A. Vennor. Betsey married James Sadler. Esther married Emery Crosley. Sam., Allen, Alfred, and Clarissa never married."
I have never been able to identify any of the graves of this branch of the White family in the burying ground referred to by Elleridge White, except that of Clarissa White. The stone which marks it is in good condition and bears the following inscription, "Miss Clarissa White, died Aug. 6th 1836, in the 34th year of her age." I think that graves of other members of that family in the Walker (Richmond) Burying ground have become entirely obliterate.
Genealogy of the White Family
From William White of Boston.
It has been believed by many of my kindred that we are descended from the William White, who was a pilgrim passenger of the Mayflower to Plymouth in l620, either through his son Peregrine or his son Resolved. My present information, which I think fully trustworthy, is that we are descended from one of the same name who emigrated from England to Boston about 20 years after the landing of the Pilgrims at Boston I have not yet (1902) learned anything of his ancestry. He seems to have been a man of considerable means for the time in which he lived, and of considerable respect in the new community. He is generally referred to by genealogical writers as William White of Boston. He seems to have lived for a time in Rhode Island, but he finally settled at "Wind-mill Point" in Boston, where he acquired considerable property, as is shown by his will, which is recorded on pages 343, 344 & 345 of Volume 7 of the Records in the Suffolk Probate Office, Boston, Mass.
The following is a copy of a transcript of that will, which was loaned me by Dr. W.P. Brechin, 16 Temple Street, Boston, Mass.
Will of William White of Boston
"In the name of God amen! 13th day of October 1673, I, William White of the town of Boston do make this my last will and testament in the manner of form following. My will is that my wife shall have all my visable estate so long as she keepeth herself a widow, but if it happen that she changes her condition by marriage then my mind is that she shall have her one third part according to the value of what I have. I give and bequeath unto my two sons, Isaac and Cornelius, my salt works and my soap works, my mills and stone cutters tools to be divided equally betwixt them. I give unto my two sons and my daughter Susanna Waggott, wife of Thomas, my house and all the ground thereunto belonging, after the decease of my wife. My mind and will is that Isaac White my son shall have all the ground at the west end of the house and from the outmost post the gate hangs on, to the corner of the piece of ground westward and so down all the breadth of a straight line to thirty feet breadth at the lower end of the said piece of ground. And to my son, Cornelius White, I give my dwelling house and all the ground from the post the said gate hangs on to the further corner eastward of the dwelling house and so down to the said piece of ground by a straight line to the lower end of it. And to my daughter Susanna Waggott, wife of Thomas, I give and bequeath all the ground from the said eastward corner post of the said dwelling house to John Ross' fence to the breadth of thirty feet from the other straight line before mentioned. I give and bequeath to my son William White five shillings to be paid to him on demand half a year after my decease by my executor hereafter named. I give and bequeath to my other three daughters, Elizabeth Earden, wife of Benjamin Earden, Margaret Wallen, wife of Thomas Wallen, Ursula Bennett, wife of John Bennett, each four shillings to be paid them within half a year after my decease by my said executor hereafter named. And further, my mind and desire is that Mr. Robert Sanderson and Mr. Walter Eurdon, my loving friends, will take the pains to assist the executor as overseers of this my last will. I do appoint, ordain and constitute my son Cornelius White to be my sole executor of this my last will and testament, and hereunto I have set my hand and seal in confirmation thereof the day and year first above written.
William White (Seal)
"Signed and sealed in the presence of us,
"Deacon Henry Alline and Abell Porter appeared before me in Court, 31: 11: 1673 and said that they were present when William White signed, sealed, and published this testament to be the last will, and that he was of sound and disposing mind to the best of their knowledge. This they done as described.
Tefree Grace Bendall
I do not now (1902) know the date of birth of William White of Boston, but from the known date of the birth of his son Cornelius, (1646) whom I assume to have been the eldest, the birth of the father, William, was probably about 1618 or 1620. This would make his birth not far from contemporaneous with the birth of the sons of William White of the Mayflower. Our William White could therefore not have belonged to the same genetic line.
I also do not know anything of the ancestry of William White of Boston, of the part of England from which he came, nor of the place of his burial. He was no doubt buried somewhere within what is now the city of Boston. It is probable that all trace of his grave has been destroyed, as well as that of his wife.
The following is a tabular view of the main ancestral line of my family so far back as it is now known.
Main Ancestral Line of the White Family
|1673||William White||1.||"||Elizabeth -----||1690|
|1646||1685||Cornelius White||2.||"||Priscilla Davis|
|1676||1754||Cornelius White||3.||"||Mehitable Walker||1686||1759|
|1722||1787||Cornelius White||4.||"||Susannah Howell||1726||1768|
|1755||1806||Cornelius White||5.||"||Abigail Leonard||1762||1833|
|1793||1849||Abiathar White||6.||"||Nancy Corey||1795||1851|
|1826||1910||Charles A. White||7.||"||Charlotte R.|
The names representing the 2nd to the 5th generation of the above table are identical, namely, Cornelius White; and that identity was continued through the 6th and 7th generations, making a direct genetic line of that name without any change for six generations. That is, Cornelius 5 had a son, Cornelius 6, who was my uncle; and he had a son Cornelius 7, who was my cousin. The latter died in 1889, and thus terminated that long line of identical names. This case shows the necessity of numbering the generations in genealogical writings.
Upon the following pages I will record the facts which I have learned concerning my ancestry and the sources of that information, referring each person mentioned to his or her generation by means of the consecutive numbers of the forgoing table. These entries of genealogical material will be somewhat disconnected, but the principal facts recorded may be sought out by means of the index at the end of this book. About the year 1880, my cousin Cornelius White 7, of Taunton, Mass. obtained from some genealogist or searcher the following notes concerning our ancestry. They have proved to be in large part correct, but they are crude, and contain no bibliographical references for verification. I copy them here, however, because they have served as a basis for the inquiries I have made upon this subject. Their imperfections may be corrected by reference to notes on following pages and to the will of William White on pages 14 & 15.
Genealogical Notes Collected by Cornelius White 7.
"First Generation. Genealogy of the White family, commencing at the Will of William White of Boston. Wife and two sons, Isaac and Cornelius. Owns salt works, soap works, mills, stone-cutters tools etc. Daughter Susannah Waggott, wife of Thomas Waggott. Son William White; other three daughters, Elizabeth Arden, wife of Benjamin Arden; Margaret Waller, wife of Thomas Waller; Ursula Bennett, wife of John Bennett. Son Cornelius, executor, 13. October 1673. He died 30-10-1673.
"Nathaniel Woodman of Taunton, carpenter, sold house in Boston to William White of Boston, bricklayer, 20. March 1664. Elizabeth White of Boston, widow of William White of Boston, to son Cornelius, executor of her late husband, house where she dwells is his after her decease Dec. 20, 1676."
"Second Generation. Priscilla, daughter of Priscilla and Cornelius White of Boston, died Nov. 28, 1673. Elizabeth died Dec. 29, 1681. Priscilla (second) died, March 4, 1682. Nathan, born or died, Nov. 5, 1684. Cornelius White of Boston and Priscilla his wife, sold dwelling house at South End to Edwin Brown, 2nd of February, 1683. He died before the twelfth of October, 1685."
"Third Generation. Cornelius White of Taunton, blacksmith, eldest son of Cornelius White of Boston, mason. John White, another son in Boston. John Lovell, tailor, and wife; Priscilla and Sarah White, spinsters, relinquished rights in house and lands at South End, 12 June 1701. Elizabeth White, another daughter, died 10. June 1704. Cornelius White of Taunton sold land in South Purchase 1708.
"Will of Cornelius White of Taunton, blacksmith. Wife Mehitable. Eldest son, Cornelius, second son Job. Land in Norton, bought of Seth White - 4 daughters - Priscilla - Newland. Content - Sheppard. Mehitable - Pratt. Cuziah - Bird. Grand-daughter Jemima White, only child of my daughter Jemima White. (She married a member of another White Family) Sept. 20, 1748. Proved Apr. 29, 1754.
"In memory of Cornelius White who died Apr. 18, 1754 in the 79th year of his age. In memory of Mrs. Mehitable White, wife of Cornelius White, died Apr. 15, 1759 in the 74th year of her age.
"Paul Pratt and Mehitable White of Taunton, married Nov 18,1733. Seth White and Jemima White of Taunton married June third 1740. Benjamin Bird of Stoughton and Keziah White of Taunton married May 7, 1742. Paul Pratt Jr. died Apr. 24, 1769.
"In memory of Paul Pratt who died March 19, 1798, in the 85th year of his age. "
"Fourth Generation. In memory of Susannah White, wife of Capt. Cornelius White. She died Apr. 29th in the 43rd year of her age. In memory of Capt. Cornelius White who died November 18, in the 66th year of his age."
The Walker Burying Ground.
The Capt. Cornelius White and Susannah, his wife, mentioned above by my cousin Cornelius White 7, were my great-grandfather and great-grandmother. They are buried in what is now known as the Walker Burying Ground, but was known in my childhood as the "Richmond Burying Ground", where many others of my kindred were buried. This burying ground lies on the west bank of Taunton river, in the southern part of Taunton, about four miles south of Taunton Green, about 3/4 of a mile east of North Dighton Village, and near a quarter of a mile north of North Dighton Station on the Old Colony railroad, and between the railroad and the river. I have examined this ground from time to time during the past 50 years, and have observed the following family names upon the tombstones there; -
I found no inscription bearing the name of Richmond, and I do not know how that name for the ground originated, but it did certainly formerly bear that name. A considerable space in the north east part of the ground seems to have been held by the White Family, although I found no evidence in any part of separate ownership. Of the following inscriptions pertaining to our family, the seven first were taken by myself from the stones. The remaining four inscriptions were copied from stones in the same ground by E.R.Davol, of Taunton, grandson of my cousin Cornelius White 7. The stones, like all the others of that time are in part of compact slate-rock (which I think was imported from Wales) and in part slabs of native rook. Only stones of comparatively late date are of marble. The copies are not only verbatim et literatim, but the arrangement of the lines is preserved.
Burying in the Walker Burying Ground has long been discontinued except for a few old people whose early friends are buried there. Although there are many graves marked with tombstones, I have obtained evidence that very many persons were buried there, whose graves not having been marked by stones, have become obliterate. Many of my maternal relatives were doubtless buried there in unmarked graves. I think also that many of that collateral branch of the White family mentioned on page 12 were also buried there in unmarked graves.
|"In memory of Capt||Capt|
|Cornelius White who died November ye 18th||Cornelius|
|AD. 1787 in ye 66||White|
|Year of his age.|
|My children dear this place draw near,|
|A father's grave you see.|
|Not long ago I was with you;|
|And soon youl be with me."|
This was my great-grandfather, Cornelius White 4, of the list on page 16. He was born in 1722, and was therefore 53 years old at the outbreak of the war of the Revolution. See page 30 for his patriotic services.
|"In memory of||"Capt.|
|Capt. Cornelius White||Cornelius|
|December ye 18th 1806|
|in ye 52nd year of|
This was my grandfather, Cornelius White 5, of the list on page 16. He was born in 1755, and was therefore twenty years old at the outbreak of the Revolutionary war. He died when my father was only about 13 years old. His wife, given on page 22 survived him twenty-seven years. He served as a private in the war of the Revolution, and became Captain of State Militia after the war His military service and that of his father is explained on pages 19 and 30.
|"In memory of||"Capt.|
|Capt. Cornelius White||Cornelius|
|December ye 18th 1806|
|in ye 52nd year of|
This was my great-grandmother, wife of Cornelius White 4, whose inscription is the first on page 20. See also the table on page 16.
The two next following inscriptions are those of two children of Cornelius White 4 and his wife Susanna. The first shows an intention on their part to perpetuate the name of Cornelius, as that name was also given to the son whose inscription is No.2, on the preceding page.
|Head-stone||There is no foot stone|
|"Cornelius, son of|
|Cornelius White||I copied this inscription in 1879,|
|and Susannah his||when it was fairly distinct. It has|
|Wife. Died July||since become quite indistinct.|
|Ye 8th, 1754, aged|
|1 month and 17 days."|
This Cornelius was a son of the same parents as those of Cornelius White 5, whose inscription is the second one on page 20. The latter was born within the year after his infant brother died. This intentional perpetuation of the same name in the family was a somewhat common practice among the early New Englanders.
"In memory of Darius
Son of Capt. Corneli
us and Mrs. Susana White.
he died Sept ye 30th 1775
in the 19th year of his
age." (no footstone)
This stone was evidently broken off at both upper corners when it was engraved. I have learned that the inscription has since become much defaced, but it was distinct, as above, when I copied it, about 1880.
If this boy was born in 1756, as his tombstone indicates he was not far from two years younger than his brother, Cornelius 5. The sons of Cornelius White 4 and his wife Susannah were Cornelius, Corne1ius, Darius and Abijah. the latter is Abijah White Sr. -who is mentioned on page 12 . I think he must have been a dozen years old at the outbreak of the Revolutionary war. I often saw him in my childhood.
|"In memory of|
|Capt. Cornelius White|
|Who died .October 20, 1833|
|in: the 72 year|
|of her age."|
This was my grandmother whom I remember well, as I was in my 8th year when she died. She was the wife of Cornelius White 5, whose inscription is the second one on page 20. I have her picture, a photograph of a painted portrait in the possession of the descendants of Charles Babbitt of Taunton. See page 11.
|"In memory of||"Leonard White. "|
|Mr. Leonard White who died|
|September ye 21st|
|1807, in ye 26th Year|
|of his age."|
This was one of my father's brothers, who died unmarried. See page 11.
For a time I failed to learn the place of burial of any members of my ancestral line beyond those of my great-grandfather Cornelius White 4 and his wife Susannah, but Mr. Edwin Russell Davol of Taunton, grandson of my cousin Cornelius White 7 has found four others in the Walker burying ground, and furnished me with the following inscriptions copied from their tombstones.
|"In memory of|
|Cornelius White.||This is Cornelius White 3; see p 13.|
|Who died April||He was born in 1676, in|
|Ye 18th 1754. in||Boston and removed to Taunton|
|Ye 79th year||about the year 1700, and married|
|of his age."||Mehitable Walker of Taunton.|
|"In memory of Mrs.|
|Ye wife of Mr. Corn'es|
|White; who died||She was born in 1686,|
|April Ye 13th 1759||and was the daughter of James|
|in ye 74th year of||Walker, of the next inscription.|
|"Here lieth ye||He was born in 1646, and was|
|Body of||the son of James Walker and his|
|James Walker,||wife Elizabeth. He married|
|Aged 72 years||Bathsheba, daughter of Gilbert Brooks|
|& died June|
|ye 22, 1718."|
|"In memory of||She was born in 1654, was the|
|Bathsheba, wife||daughter of Gilbert Brooks and his|
|of James Walker,||wife Elizabeth. Some authors state|
|died Febr'y ye 24th||that the latter was the daughter of|
|1738.in ye 85th||Gov. Edward Winslow of Plymouth colony|
|Year of her age."|
Mr. Davol also found in the Walker Burying ground the graves of James Walker and his wife Elizabeth, father and mother of James whose inscription is copied above. The elder James Walker died in 1691, and his wife in 1678. I have now (1902) no knowledge of their ancestry. See also page 16.
The Walker burying Ground is therefore the place of burial of Cornelius White 5, and his wife Abigail;
of Cornelius White 4, and his wife Susannah;
of Cornelius White 3, and his wife Mehitable;
of James and Bathsheba Walker, father and mother of Mehitable White; and
of James and Elizabeth Walker, father and mother of James Walker.
The dates of these burials of five generations of my ancestors in direct line range through 155 years --- from 1678 to 1833. All these burials are made within the area of about one acre, and the inscriptions on their tombstones are now (1902) perfectly legible.
I do not know the burial place of Cornelius White 2, nor that of his wife Priscilla and as before said, the place of burial of William White 1, and that of his wife Elizabeth, are unknown.
Main Male Ancestral Line and Accessory Distaff Lines.
My ancestors, from William White 1, in the main male line, as well as many of those of the accessory distaff lines of each generation, were yeoman-like in character and habit of life. They belonged to what was formerly a very large proportion of the New England population, which was as near a counterpart of the English Yeomanry as conditions of the new communities would permit. That yeoman-like condition is now approaching extinction in New England, but it was in full force among the people there in my early childhood. They were self-reliant men and women, who accepted the lot to which they were born without complaint; regarded labor as necessary and honorable, and were constantly about to improve their condition. A leading object of every family was to possess themselves of at least a few acres of land upon which to establish a home and the cultivation of which should supply at least a large part of their current needs. Those little farms seldom produced enough for that purpose and also a surplus income, and it was therefore a common habit for every energetic young man to learn a mechanical trade at which he could work when his land did not need his personal labor. These people were originally distinctively English in every characteristic, loyal to their king and ready, when called upon, to fight his battles, especially against the French and Indians. But when those political conditions obtained which led up to the Revolution they were, with few exceptions, loyal only to the land of their homes, and were ready to do battle in its cause. The personal history of each member of the main male line, so far as I now (1902) know it, is indicated in notes on preceding and following pages, the object of the immediately following notes being to briefly summarize it and to show the inter-relation of certain families.
I think that William White 1 was originally a stone-cutter, but he evidently brought more means to the New World than did the average emigrant; and he also acquired more property than usual afterward. All that I know of his personal history is mentioned on pages 13-16, and in letters of my correspondents, and quotations copied from genealogical publications, on following pages. These are sufficient to show his identity and to distinguish him from several men of his time who bore the same name. As before stated, I do not know the family name of his wife Elizabeth.
His son Cornelius White 2 succeeded to the fathers business, married Priscilla Davis, and lived at the old homestead in Boston,. Be was a mason by trade, as is shown by an old deed.
Cornelius White 3, son of Cornelius White 2 of Boston, learned the blacksmith trade, left his home and went to the new town of Taunton, about 35 miles south of Boston, about the year 1700. He bought a tract of land, containing about 60 acres, lying mostly within the southern boundary of Taunton, but partly in Dighton, and bounded on the east by Three Mile river, a branch of Taunton river. He built a house on this land, near its western end and within the town of Taunton. He married Mehitable, daughter of James Walker Jr., son of James Walker Sr. James Walker Jr. married Bathsheba, daughter of Gilbert Brooks of Rehoboth, formerly of Scituate. Gilbert Brooks came over from London to Boston in the ship Blessing, in 1635, when he was 14 years old (see Hotten's Emigrants, p. 93). He went from Boston to Scituate with the family of Mr. William Vassall, who came over in the same ship, and lived with them there. His name is variously spelled by genealogists as Brooke, Brookes, and Brooks, the latter form being oftenest used. He grew up to manhood at Scituate and there married a young woman named Elizabeth, but whose family name I have not yet (1902) been able to learn with certainty. Some genealogists, among them Rev. Samuel Deane, of Scituate, declare that she was the daughter of Edward Winslow, Governor of Plymouth Colony, and others deny that statement in the most positive manner. Mr. Deane was a graduate of Brown University, pastor of the Second Church at Scituate 24 years, and author of the History of Scituate. He had access to all the town and Church records of Scituate, where Governor Josiah Winslow lived, and his statement, although it may be incorrect, is worthy of attention. In case it should be that he is correct, The following table will illustrate my ancestral relation to Governor Winslow.
Hypothetical Table showing my descent from Governor Winslow
|Walker Family||Brooks Family||Winslow Family|
|William White 1.||James Walker||Gilbert Brooks||Elizabeth Winslow|
|Cornelius White 2.||James Walker, married Bathsheba Brooks|
|Cornelius White 3.||Mehitable Walker|
|Cornelius White 4.|
|Cornelius White 5.|
|Abiathar White 6.|
|Chas. A. White 7.|
Evidence, both for and against the foregoing table, together with discussion of the subject, are given on following pages.
Cornelius White 4 was the eldest son of Cornelius White 3 and his wife Mehitable, and inherited the house and land which his father acquired upon coming to Taunton. Upon reaching Manhood he married Susanna Howell, but I have not been able to learn anything concerning her except the statement in a private letter from B.O.Wi1bour of Bristol, RI. upon which I have constructed the following table showing the relation of the
White, Howell and Packard Families.William White 1.
|William White 1.||Samuel Packard.|
|Cornelius White 2.||Nathaniel Packard|
|Cornelius White 3.||Jeremiah Howell, married||Lydia Packard|
|Cornelius White 4.||married Susanna Howell|
|Cornelius White 5.|
|Abiathar White 6.|
|Chas A. White 7.|
See also letters of Mr. Lathrop, copied on following pages.
Susannah, wife of Cornelius White 4, died in 1768, and in 1771, he married Mrs. Rachel Hodges, but she bore him no children.
Cornelius White 4, my great-grandfather, lived his whole life upon the family homestead in the southern part of Taunton. He was a man of considerable prominence, and was a Captain in the Colonial Militia, serving effectively in some of the British Colonial wars. He was an ardent patriot during the whole of Revolutionary time, and his patriotic services are mentioned under the head of Military Service on a following page.
My grandfather, Cornelius White 5, was born on the family homestead in Taunton, inherited it from his father, and lived there all his life. He married Abigail Leonard, daughter of Abiathar Leonard, of Taunton. The following table shows her ancestral line as furnished me by Mr. E.R.Davol of Taunton. See his letter on a following page.
White, Leonard, Williams and Barney Families
|William White 1.|
|Cornelius White 2.||John Barney.|
|Cornelius White 3.||James Williams married||Sarah Barney.|
|Cornelius White 4.||Abiathar Leonard married||Sarah Williams.|
|Cornelius White 5.||Married Abigail Leonard|
|Abiathar White 6.|
|Chas.A. White 7.|
Cornelius White 5 inherited his father's patriotism, and although only 20 years old at the outbreak of the War of the Revolution he promptly enlisted as a Minute Man. His military services are recorded on following pages together with that of his father and father-in law, Abiathar Leonard. It was while he was yet a patriot soldier that he married Abigail. For the names of their children see pages 10 &11. He was a Captain as indicated by his tombstone inscription, but he became a captain after the war, in which he served as a young private.
Military Service of My Ancestors.
Even before the War of the Revolution, and from the time that the first settlements were made, The condition of the people of New England was that of impending hostilities, especially from the Indians. All young men expected to do more or less military service, and prepared themselves for it to the best of their ability in the Colonial Militia. During that war military service, at least in the State Militia, was the rule, and for many years after that war every able bodied man of suitable age, with a few specific exceptions was required by law to devote two days of each year to military exercises, namely, the Fall Muster and the Spring Training. I remember these exercises in my childhood, at Taunton Green, which ground, I think, was reserved mainly for that purpose. The officers were usually clothed in a kind of uniform, but the privates wore their ordinary clothing except that each wore a chapeau of uniform style, surmounted with a cockade of red, white and blue feathers. I remember that every fall and spring my father received an official printed notice to appear at Taunton Green, "armed and equipped as the law directs." Failure to obey this summons was punishable by fine. Among the required equipments were a musket with an iron or steel ramrod, a bayonet, scabbard and belt, a cartridge-box with a specified number of blank cartridges, a priming-wire and brush, a specified number of extra flints etc. The officers of this militia, crude as it was, were chosen from the leading men of the community, and those officers were regarded as of such high honor that they were always indicated on the tombstones of those who had become them. It is for that reason that the title "Capt." is engraved upon the tombstone of both my grandfather and my great-grandfather Cornelius White, as shown on page 20, and mentioned on following pages. The evidence of the service of both of them in the War of the Revolution is given in following paragraphs and mentioned in quotations and letters on following pages.
The following certificates of the Revolutionary service of Cornelius White were obtained from the Secretary of State of Massachusetts, the original now being in the hands of Mrs. Sarah A. Lawrence of Taunton, a daughter of my cousin Cornelius White 7 of Taunton.
"Revolutionary Service of Cornelius White"
"Cornelius White, appears with rank of private on Muster Roll of Capt.
Peter Pitts' Co. Colo. Timithy Walker's Regt., dated Aug. 1, 1775.
Enlisted June 1. 1775. Service 2 mos. 4 days. Residence Taunton.
Vol. 15. _ 86 "
"Cornelius White, Appears among signatures to an order for Bounty Coat or its equivalent in money, due for the eight months service in 1775, in Capt. Peter Pitts' Co. Colo. Timithy Walker's Regt., dated Roxbury. Nov. 5, 1775, payable to bearer.
Vol. 57_ File 14."
"Cornelius White, Appears with rank of Private on Muster and Pay Roll of Capt. Ebenezer Davis' Co. Colo. Thomas Carpenter's Regt., marched from Taunton via Rehoboth & Bristol to Providence R.I. Service 1 mo, 4 days. Residence Taunton. Roll dated Nov. 5. 1777
Vol. 18 _ 188 "
"Cornelius White. Appears with rank of Private on Muster and Pay Roll of Capt. Edward Blake's Co., Colo. Mitchell's Bristol Co. Regt., Brig. Gen. Godfrey's Brigade, under command of Lt. Colo. James Williams; marched to Tivirton R.I. on alarm of Aug. 2,1780. Enlisted Aug. 2, 1780 Discharged Aug 10 1780. Service 8 days.
Vol. 1. : 106."
"Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Office of the Secretary,
Boston, Sept. 29th 1896.".
"I certify the following to be true abstracts from the Record Index to the Revolutionary War Archives deposited in this office.
Witness - seal of the Commonwealth
( SEAL) (signed) William K. Olin Secretary. "
Upon examining the foregoing certificates I thought it possible that they refer to service by both my grandfather, Cornelius White 5, and my great-grandfather Cornelius White 4. I therefore wrote to the Secretary of State making further inquiry and receiving the following reply:
"Commonwealth of Massachusetts,
Office of Secretary,
Boston, July 24. 1897."
"Dr. C.A.White, Smithsonian Institute
"Dear sir;- In reply to your favor of the 19th, inst requesting information as to the probability of the records of two men bearing the name of Cornelius White, father and son, being comprised in the certificates furnished you from this office, I beg to state that it is not possible from the records here to decide whether all the separate entries belong to one and the same individual, or which service should be credited to the father and which to the son, if both rendered service.
"The doctrine of probabilities furnishes the only guide in the matter The service in 1775 was rendered by one who enlisted to serve until Jan. 1, 1776. This was the first army raised from the men who assembled on the alarm of April 19th, 1775, and the major part of the men enlisted in April and May. Your ancestor did not enlist until June, however, and upon the muster roll made up Aug. 1 1775, is credited with two months, 4 days service to that date. Later, he receipts for the bounty coat allowed to all men enlisting into the army. It would seem more probable that the younger man would enlist for a regular term of service than the older one.
"The service in 1778 could have been rendered by either, and the same might be said about the service in 1780, both companies being merely the local militia, called out for temporary service, but if the elder White served at all, the probabilities point to the short term of service as the most likely to have been rendered by him.
(signed) William M. Olin
Later investigation shows without question, I think, that the foregoing certificates refer wholly to service performed by my grandfather, Cornelius White 5. His father's service, which was of more general character, will be referred to further on. It is evident that my grandfather was strongly attached to his family and to his rural ancestral home, but he held himself ready as a Minute Man to answer at any time, an alarm - call to arms; - a supposition which those certificates amply verify. His devotion to duty was rewarded by promotion to Captaincy of Militia at the close of the War.
Before the War of the Revolution my great-grandfather, Cornelius White 4, was a captain of the Colonial Militia, and took part in some of the British Colonial wars; but from and after the events which led to the War of the Revolution he was a ardent patriot. He was one of those Commissioned Officers of the Eastern Division of the Bristol County Militia who, on Nov. 9th 1774, met at Norton for consultation concerning such military operations as would be necessary in the then impending war. (see Hurd's History of Bristol County, p. 844) At the time of the Declaration of Independence he was about 54 years old and, although he still held his commission as Captain of Militia, he was evidently regarded as too old for active service in the field, and was assigned to other important duty. In 1777 he was made a member of the "Committee of Inspection, Correspondence and Safety" for Taunton, where some active tories needed watching. He served two years on this committee (See Emery's History of Taunton, pages 362, 417, and 478 to 481) and was one of the Selectmen of Taunton in the two following years. See page 44
Abiathar Leonard, father of my grandmother Abigail, wife of Cornelius White 5, was a Captain of Minute Men, and served as such in the War of the Revolution. (See Emery's History of Taunton, p. 437) This Captain Leonard was one of my great-grandfathers. I had therefore no less than three ancestors who took an active militia part in the War of the Revolution --- one grandfather and two great-grandfathers. To these three should probably be added my maternal grandfather, Daniel Corey, as I remember he once told me that he marched as a Minute Man upon an alarm, when he was only sixteen years old. I have, however, found no public record of that fact, and do not know whether it occurred in Massachusetts or Rhode Island.
In the preceding pages an attempt has been made to present an account of my family and of my ancestors in an approach to narrative form. The following pages contain disconnected notes pertaining to that subject, partly from personal correspondence and partly extracts from published genealogical works.
Notes Concerning William White 1
The following note occurs on page 218, Vol. X. of the New England Hist. & Geneol. Register."Phillipee, wife of William White Dyed 5:5:54"(May 5, 1654)
On page 224 of the same volume the following occurs
"William White and Phillipee Wood were married 4:6:53 (April 6, 1653)
These notes are copied here to show the fallacy of the statement of some genealogists that this William White was my ancestor William 1, of Boston, and that Phillipa Wood was his second wife. This could not be true because in his will made in 1673 William White of Boston leaves his property to his "wife Elisabeth", who survived him. It could also not have been William 2, his son, because the latter was not old enough to marry in 1653. That suggestion is made on page 515 of Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, Vol. IV.
In the same volume Savage makes an obviously incorrect statement in saying that William White of Boston was one of Sir Edmond Andros' Commissioners to obtain subscriptions to build an Episcopal Church. If this were true it would appear that William 1. was not only not a puritan, but that he could not have had much sympathy with puritanism. Savage cites "3 Mass. Hist. Coll. 1. 84."
Sufficient reason for rejecting the foregoing statements of Savage lies in the fact that Sir Edmond Andros was not sent to New England until 1692, eight years after the death of William White of Boston.
Letter from Dr. W. P. Brechin
"16, Temple street Boston Mass. January 8. 1892.
"Dear Sir:- In the American Ancestry I find that you descended from Cornelius White, who was a son of William. I descended from Elizabeth, a sister of Cornelius. She married Benjamin Harnden (Spelled in the will of William White, Earden, I think). The above mentioned William White, After being a resident of Boston removed to Providence R.I. (See Austins R.I. Dictionary under the family of Hearndon) I will here state that the name then spelled Hearndon was, after several evolutions, changed to Harrington, thus -- Heanden, Herendeen, Hernton, Herinton, Herrington, and finally Harrington. Now my object in addressing you is to ask you where our common ancestors hail from. I have a copy of his will, and will publish it when I write a history of the Harrington family. Will you do me the favor of supplying any information you can bearing on this William White?
(signed) W.P.Brechin M.D."
Dr. Brechin subsequently loaned me a copy of the will of William White, which is copied on pages 14-15 of this book.
Notes from B.O.Wilbour. of Bristol R.I.
"William White m. Elizabeth ?--- Their son Cornelius, born 1647 d. 1685, married Priscilla Davis, dau. of Samuel and Anna. Priscilla was born Aug. 3, 1650. Their son Cornelius, born 1875 d. 1754, m. Mehitable Walker, dau. of James Walker and Bathsheba (Brooks) Walker, dau. of Gilbert Brooks and wife Elizabeth 1. Their son Cornelius, b. 1721 .d. 1787, m. Susannah Howell, (d. before 1726) and wife Lydia Packard, dau. of Nathaniel Packard, and ?---- Kingman. Nathaniel, son of Samuel Packard, his wife dau. of John Kingman & Elizabeth. John Kingman, son of Henry Kingman and wife Joanna. b. 1592 d. 1666.
Notes Concerning Gilbert Brooks & Elizabeth Winslow.
The following is the account given by the Rev. Samuel Deane (See page 20) of Gilbert Brooks, which contains the positive statement that the latter married Elizabeth Winslow, as illustrated by the table on page 27. The statement is copied from pages 224, 225 of Deane's History of Scituate.
"Gilbert Brooks was a brother of William Brooks Sen., and came to Scituate at the same time. His residence was on the south of Coleman's hills. He sold his house to Robert Crossman of Taunton in 1652. It was afterward the residence of Joseph Otis Esq. The earliest notice we have seen of him is that be was in the family of Mr. William Vassal in 1638. He married Elizabeth, the daughter of Governor Edward Winslow. He had two sons, Gilbert and John, probably born in Marshfield. His children, born in Scituate, were, Elizabeth, born in 1645; Sarah, 1646; Mary, 1649; Rachel, 1650; Bathsheba, 1655; Rebecca, 1657; Hannah, 1659; all baptized in the second Church. (At Scituate)
"In 1675 he kept a garrison in Gov. Josiah Winslow's house in Marshfield. We observe that John, son of Gilbert Brooks, had a legacy in the will of his uncle, Josiah Winslow. Gilbert was in Rehoboth in 1683, and one of a committee "to treat with Rev. Samuel Angier concerning his settlement in the ministry there (Colonial Record)"
On page 154 of Deane's History of Scituate he also gives a list of freemen of Scituate, 1633 -- 1668, in which the name of Gilbert Brooks appears.
The following four notes relative to Gilbert Brooks are copied from the Vital Records of Rehoboth, by James N. Arnold.
Page 914 contains a statement that lots were drawn for the meadow lands in the North Purchase by a number of persons on May 16, 1668, among whom the name of Gilbert Brooks appears.
Page 804, contains the statement that Elizabeth, wife of Gilbert Brooks was buried on July 7, 1687.
On page 918 the name of Gilbert Brooks appears in a list of Freemen of Rehoboth for 1658.
On page __ the name of Gilbert Brooks appears among those who contributed money for the prosecution of the King Philip War. He gave �3 - 17s - 10d.
Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary, Volume I. page 260, records the following, concerning Gilbert Brooke and his family, his abbreviations being retained in this Copy.
"Gilbert, Scituate, came in the Blessing from London 1635, aged 14, liv. with William Vassal; after. at Marshfield; by wh. Elizabeth, who Deane says was d. of Gov. Winslow, (who by some is disputed) besides Gilbert and John, presume by D. to have been born at Marshfield, had Elizabeth, b. 1645; Sarah, 1646; Mary, 1649; Rachel, 1650; Bathsheba, 1655; Rebecca, 1657; Hannah, 1659: all baptized at S. Was at Rehoboth 1679 - 83; there married Sarah, wid. of Samuel Carpenter."
On page 394 of Volume 4, of his Genealogical Dictionary, Savage further says:-
"James Walker of Taunton, on 23 Dec. 1673, married Bathsheba Brooks, daughter of Gilbert Brooks of Rehoboth, Had James b. 24 Dec. 1674; E1iz. 1676; Nathan, 1678; David a 1681; Bathsheba, Nehemiah; 1689; Mercy, Mehitable, Josiah, Rebecca and Mary, but dates not supplied; was constable 1682, and died 22 June 1718, aged 72; and his wid. d. 24. Feb. 1739 in her 85th year."
George R. Curwen's Statement, in 1856
One of the most direct statements known to me, that Governor Winslow's daughter Elizabeth married a person other that Gilbert Brooks of Scituate and Rehoboth is made by Geo. R. Curwen of Salem Mass., on pages 304 & 305 of Vol. X, N.E. Genealogical and Historical Register, 1856. The three following short extracts are from his Genealogical table on page 304, entitled "Pedigree of Curwen."
"Capt. George Curwen born in England Dec. 10, 1610; died in Salem Mass. 3d Jan. 1684-5"
"1st Elizabeth White, widow of Mr. John White of England, born May 1. 1611: died at Salem July 15. 1668.
"2nd Elizabeth Brooks of Plymouth, and dau. of Gov. Edward Winslow of Plymouth Colony. Was married to Capt. George Curwen 22 July 1669. She died after 1694."
The table from which the foregoing extracts are made also states that Capt. Geo. Curwen had four children by his first wife and three by his second. These three latter children were born in 1670, 1672 and 1674 respectively. I think that Elizabeth, daughter of Gov. Edward Winslow, was born not later than the end of 1623. This would have made her not less than 45 years old in 1669, when George Curwen is said to have married her. It is hardly credible that a woman should give birth to three children at three consecutive births, two years apart, who was past 46 years when the first child was born, and past 51 when the last child was born.
Nahum Mitchell's Statement. in 1840.
The basis of the foregoing statement by Curwen was doubtless that of Nahum Mitchell in his History of Bridgewater, published in 1840, see page 387 of that book. The same statement, evidently copied from Mitchell, was made by Savage in 1860, on page 599, Vol. 4 of the New England Dictionary. Neither of these authors says anything about the source from which they derived their information. So far as I know (1902) Mitchell is responsible for the statement that Governor Winslow's daughter Elizabeth was the second wife of George Curwen.
In his Winslow Memorial, Vol. 1. page 58, Holton repeats this statement of Mitchell as to a second marriage to Geo. Curwen, but he refers to it as follows in speaking of Governor Winslow. By his second wife, Susannah, whose maiden name was Fuller, and who was widow of William White, and to whom he was married May 12, l621, he had a daughter Elizabeth, who married Gilbert Brooks of Scituate, and second, George Curwen a prominent merchant of Salem. ----- His only son by this marriage, Josiah Winslow, became a distinguished man in the colony, was magistrate, governor and, in 1675, Commander in Chief of all colonies in New England, in the war with the Indians."
It is not to the credit of Dr. Holton's accuracy that he says that Josiah was the only son of Governor Edward Winslow, for he had two others, Edward and John, both of whom, however, died young. It is also not to his credit as a physician that he should have tacitly accepted the extraordinary statement of other writers that Elizabeth bore George Curwen three children at separate births after she was 46 years old.
Extracts from a manuscript by Samuel Shattuck Esq., published in the N.E. Historical Register, Vol. IV, pp. 299, 300, contain the following statements :
"Elizabeth, born ---, married 1. Robert Brooks; 2. George Curwen
"Josiah Winslow was born at Plymouth in 1629 and died at Careswell in Marshfield, Dec. 18, 1680, in 52 year of his age. He was buried at the expence of the colony, in testimony of the Colony's endeared love and affection for him.' In 1657 he married Penelope Pelkam, daughter of Herbert Pelkam Esq., who came to Boston in 1645, and was an assistant from 1646 to 1649, when he returned to England. He (Winslow) was a large owner of land in Cambridge, Watertown and Seedbury. Mrs. Penelope Winslow survived her husband 23 years, and died at Marshfield Dec. 7, 1703. Gov. Winslow left a will dated 1675, and proved in 1681 in which he mentions his son Isaac, daughter Elizabeth, sister Elizabeth Curwen, and her son, John Brooks, his brother Resolved White, Edward Pelkam and George Curwen, his kinsman, William White, and his aunt, Elizabeth Pelkam,"
On page 300 of the same volume Shattuck further says: "Elizabeth Winslow, youngest daughter of Edward and Susannah Winslow, was twice married. Her first husband was Robert Brooks, who died having one son, John, who died December 25, 1687, aged 31, and was buried at Charlestown, where a stone still marks his grave. Her second husband was Capt. George Curwen of Salem, whom she married Sept. 22d 1669, whom she survived, and by whom she had two children, born in Salem."
Some of Shattuck's statements do not accord with those of other writers. He says that Elizabeth was the youngest daughter of Gov. Winslow, while others at least covey the impression that she was the eldest born of his marriage with Susanna White. Shattuck also says that Elizabeth bore Curwen two children, while others give the names and dates of three. But these discrepancies by no means impair his other statement. These statements are so directly opposed by Mr. Deane and others, that, to test the matter, I addressed the following letter to Capt. Richard H. Greene, Historian General of the Society of Mayflower Descendants, and received the two following replies.
U. S. National Museum, Washington D.C. June 30, 1897.
Dear sir; having obtained your address as historian of the Society of the Mayflower Descendants from a member of the Society, I write to ask you a single question, which is:- Are you, or is your Society in a position to describe as to the identity of the Brooks who married Elizabeth, daughter of Governor Edward Winslow of Plymouth Colony?
I am descended from Gilbert Brooks who, Deane says, in his History of Scituate, page 224, positively, married that Elizabeth, my descent being from his daughter Bathsheba. This is shown by the inclosed tabular sketch. (the same as shown on page 27) I know that Deane's statement is disputed, and that is why I ask the above question of you.
Upon your reply will depend the action of several of my kindred as to applying for membership in the Society of Mayflower Descendants.
If the Society shall decide against the statement of Deane we shall so far as we know now, have no ground for application. If the decision shall be in favor of Deane's statement, we can make perfect record of descent upon which to base our applications.
(Replies on following pages)
"Society of Mayflower Descendants
In the State of New York, July 1, 1897.
"My dear sir;
In Davis' Landmarks, Elizabeth, dau. of Edward Winslow is said to have married Robert Roaks and second, George Curwen. Holton, in his Winslow Memorial, says first, Gilbert Brooks of Scituate, second, Geo. Curwen. Savage says same, but doubts. Deane, who wrote History of Scituate, should know. Put in your papers and I will look it up and decide.
"I am very Res. yours
(signed) Richd H. Greene.
The above letter not giving a direct answer to my inquiry I proceeded no further with it, but nearly two years afterward I got the following letter from him.
"Society of Mayflower Descendants
In the State of New York, April 12, 1899.
Smithsonian Associate etc:
Dear Sir -- There is no name among the Mayflower Pilgrims more entitled to honor than Gov. Winslow, but he has left behind fewer representatives than some others, and was absent from the country so much that he was not identified in many things.
"I have decided a case hinging on Gilbert Brooks, your ancestor, who is believed to have married Elizabeth, dau. of Ed. Winslow, and had dau. Bathsheba, married James Walker. I conclude I must approve the line, for the fact cannot be disproved, so far as I know, and it is positively stated.
"I will be happy to approve more in the same line, and am very yours
(signed) Richd. H. Greene.
"Excuse delay - driven"
I have since learned indirectly that Capt. Greene has receded from the position taken in the above letter, and that the Society of Mayflower Descendants does not admit members upon the ground of descent from Gilbert Brooks and his wife Elizabeth.
Letters from T. J. Lathrop
The following letters and extracts are from T.J.Lothrop of Brookline, Mass. who has made much study of the several White families of Bristol County Mass. There were no less than three distinct families of that name who settled in Bristol County prior to 1700.
The first is an extract from his letter of August 18, 1897.
"It will give me much pleasure to correspond with you in regard to the descendants of William White, who settled on "Windmill Point" in Boston about 1640. Of late my genealogical researches have been devoted almost entirely to the descendants of Nicholas White, who settled in Taunton as early as 1653, but am now nearly through with that branch of the numerous White Family. I have found considerable trouble in keeping distinct the descendants of the different Whites who came to this country prior to 1650. The descendants of at least three settled in Taunton and vicinity at an early period. They intermarried to some extent, and their children were given the same names, which increased the difficulty."
(signed) T. J. Lothrop.
"13. Carlton Street, Brookline, Aug. 26. 1897
"Dr. C.A. White,
Dear Sir;- Your letter of Aug. 10 and 23 were both received and would have been answered earlier if I had not been absent from home. You have given me a very full record of the family of William White. I cannot add much to it at the present time. I do not know the surname of his wife, Elizabeth, before marriage. As you have a copy of his will you of course have the names of his children and of the husbands of his daughters. I will therefore begin with Isaac 2, of whose family I have a partial record. For brevity I will use b. for born, d. for died, and m. for married. (He uses the same numbers at the end of the respective names to indicate the generation, that I use, as shown in the table on page 16 of this book)
"Isaac White 2 m. Susanna -----. The children were,
I. Susanna, b. Feb. 12, 1672.
II. Anna, b. Jan. 10, 1674.
III. Henry, b. d. July 15, 1690.
IV. Sarah, b. d. Aug. 15 1690
The above items are from the Boston Records.
"Cornelius White 2 lived in Boston, was a mason, and member of Capt. Hull's Company in 1681. M. Priscilla Davis, (I did not know the maiden name of Priscilla until I read your letter giving it as Davis). Their children were;-
|I. Priscilla 3 b. Nov. 28,||1673.||Died young|
|II. Cornelius b.||1675|
|III. Sarah, b.||1677|
|IV. John, b.||1679|
|V. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 29||1681|
|VI. Priscilla b. March 4,||1682/3|
|VII. Nathan b. Nov. 5,||1684.|
"Cornelius 2 died in 1685. I have a copy of his will but gives no information in regard to his family.
"Cornelius White 3 lived in Taunton; was a blacksmith, m. Mehitable Walker of Taunton. You have all the facts relating to their marriage, death etc. Their children were :
I. Mehitable 4 m. Paul Pratt of Taunton, Nov. 18, 1733.
II. Content, b.April 7, 1715, d. April 7, 1790. She m. June 5, 1735, Thomas, son of Jacob Shepard of Foxboro, who was born March 24, 1706, d. Oct. 19, 1774.
III. Priscilla, m. March 27, 1739, Jacob Newland of Norton Mass.
IV. Jemima, m. ..,.. June 3, 1740, Seth, son of Mathew White of Norton. She died leaving one child, Jemima, b. July 20, 1741.
V. Cornelius, b. 1721 (I think this should be 1722. See Table on page l6, and tombstone inscription on page 20.).
VI. Keziah, m. May 7, 1743, Benjamin Bird of Stoughton Mass.
VII. Mary died about 1748; m. Benjamin Pratt.
"I have no information in regard to either William 2, son of William 1, or of John 3 and Nathan 3, sons of Cornelius 2.
"Cornelius White 4 (Cornelius 3, Cornelius 2, William 1.) lived in Taunton, served in the Colonial Wars, was Captain of Militia, and a member of the Committee of Inspection, Correspondence and Safety in 1777 and 1778; died Nov. 18, 1787; m. first, Oct. 14, 1747, Susannah, daughter of Jeremiah & Lydia Howell of Bridgewater, Mass. She was b. 1725, d. April 29 1768. He married second, Sept. 24, 1771, Rachel Hodges, Widow of James Hodges, and daughter of Jonathan and Anna Dean) Barney, b. 1732, d. March 31, 1807. The children were all by the first wife. They were:
I. Hannah 5, m. Nov. 14, 1769, Elkamah Deane of Taunton.
II. Cornelius, b. May 16, 1750; d. July 3d 1750.
III. Susanna, b. 1752.
IV. Cornelius, b. 1754.
V. Ruth b. 1757, m. ------- Deane.
VI. Mehitable, b. 1759; d. Sept. 14, 1832, m. Sept. 18, 1782 Soloman Lothrop of Easton, Mass.
VII. Lydia, b. 1762.
VIII. Abigail, b. 1765
IX. Darius, b. 1767, d. Sept. 3, 1775.
"Job White 4 (Cornelius 3, Cornelius 2, William 1.) lived in Mansfield, Mass., d. Sept. 27, 1775; m. first Susanna Staples of Mansfield. She d. Nov. 3, 1763. He married, second, June 4, 1765, Susanna Williams of Easton, Mass. She d. Feb. 15, 1775. The children by the first wife were;-
I. Job 5, b. May 20. 1751. d. 1781, unmarried.
II. Lemuel b. Dec. 20, 1753.
III. John, b. July 19, 1758.
IV. Rachel b. Dec. 15, 1760.
V. Elijah b. Jan. 29, 1763.
Child of Second wife:-
VI. Susanna b. March 20, 1769.
"In regard to the family of your grandfather Cornelius 5, I can give you no facts beyond those you have. I note that my memo gives the date of his birth as 1754, a year or two later that yours, and in this I may be in, error. My notes on Abijah 5 differ more materially from yours. I will give you his family as I have it so that you may make comparison. ---Abijah White 5 (Cornelius 4, Cornelius Three, Cornelius 2, William 1.) m. Esther ----- She died April 6. 1841, aged 67 years. Their children were :
(This record is erroneous. See page 12)
II. Samuel, b. July 27, 1796.
III. Esther, b. July 26, 1798, m. Jan 6, 1831, Emery Crosby.
IV. Allen, b. July 27, 1800.
V. Clarissa, b. Nov. 22, 1802, m. Robert W. Bellamy of Norton
VI. Anthony, b. Jan. 3, 1805
"To return to Job 4, I have the following, viz Lemuel White 5 (Job 4, Cornelius 3, Cornelius 2, William 1.) lived in Mansfield, d. June 6, 1820, m. May 21, 1778, Matilda Shepardson of Mansfield. Their children were:
I. Abigail Pratt 6, b. July 30, 1881, m. Nov. 8, 1798, Ebenezer Williams of Mansfield.
II. Revel, b. June 2, 1784; m. Olive -----. He was town Clerk of Mansfield more than 15 years; had five children.
III. Nancy, b. July 3, 1789.
IV. Bradish, b. Feb. 4, 1794, d. Kay 16, 1814.
".John White 5 (Job 4, Cornelius 3, Cornelius 2, William 1.) lived in Mansfield, m. first Bethia -----, second Sarah -----. The children of the first wife were:-
I. Warren, b. Dec. 19, 1784; m. Oct 28, 1804, Cynthia Hudson.
II. John, b. Sept. 17, 1787.
III. Meletiah, b. May 23, 1789.
Children of second wife.
IV. Nancy, b. July 4, 1808.
V. Betsey, b. Aug. 23, 1809.
"I have not carried my investigations to any extent beyond the first five generations and, at present, I have nothing further that would be reliable and of interest to you. The locality you describe, on the border between Taunton and Dighton, I have no doubt marks the spot where Cornelius 3 settled after his marriage with Mehitable Walker. I have bean inclined to the opinion that when he first went to Taunton, he lived near the Wier; and he may have done so, as his marriage did not take place until he had lived in Taunton ten years or more.
"I have no knowledge of the Walker Burying Ground, but I shall visit it at the first opportunity I have. The sketch you sent me will be of much assistance if I am able to continue the investigation as I would like. I am greatly obliged to you for it as well as for your clear and explicit notes on the family.
"You will note that Mehitable, daughter of Cornelius 4, married Soloman Lothrop. She was my great-grandmother. You and my father appear to have been second cousins.
"I shall see Dr. Brechin as soon as I can. I want to know more about the descendants of Isaac 2 and William 2. Also of John 3 and Nathan 3. I would also like to know when William came over, and where he came from. Will be glad to have you call my attention to such errors as you may find in the above; also to notify me of any additional facts that may come to your knowledge.
(signed) T. J. Lothrop."
Extract from a letter of Sept. 2, 1897.
"In the matter of dates of birth and death I have learned that neither church nor town records or tombstone inscriptions can be fully relied on, although they are perhaps the best evidence to be procured. I thank you very much for the copies of inscriptions which you sent me.
The birth of Cornelius 4, given by me as 1721, was taken from the "Walker Memorial," but on referring to the book again I see there is a qualification. It reads, about 1721. If he was born in Dec. 1721, and died as stated, Nov. 18, 1718, he would have been in his 66th year. I think, however, the probabilities favor the year 1722 as that of his birth. He may have been born in January or February 1721-2 as it was recorded at that time, and the final 2 omitted by the compiler of the book or his authority. I have found some mistakes of this kind in other matter. But as above stated, I think 1722 more probable, and shall adopt it, perhaps with Qualification.
"The date of the death of the first Cornelius 5, given by me as July 3, 1750, was taken from the record in the City Clerks office in Taunton. As the Taunton records were destroyed by fire in 1837, this record could not have been an original one, and may be wrong. In this case I think I should give preference to the tombstone, but perhaps it would be well to investigate a little further.
"In regard to the second Cornelius 5, I think the error must be wholly mine, although the same possibility exists as in the case of Cornelius 4. It is possible that he was born Dec. 31, or later than Dec. 11, 1754, but in view of the probable correctness of the tombstone inscription on his brother's stone, this probability does not seem worth considering, and the date should be changed to 1755.
"In case of Darius 5, I have again copied from the City records of Taunton, which read, Darius, son of Capt. Cornelius and Susanna White, Sept. 30, 1775 in the 9th year of his age. This too must be investigated.
"I have obtained the names of children in some cases from the Probate office, and in some, from the registry of deeds, which do not give the dates of birth, death or marriages; nor do they always give the names of the children in the order of birth, so that the order sometimes becomes mere guess work, and its correctness must not be relied on. With exception. of those named above I think my dates all correspond with yours so far as we both have them.
"My information in regard to the services of Cornelius 4 in the Colonial wars, his captaincy in the militia and his membership of the Committee of Inspection, Correspondence and Safety, is derived principally from Emery's History of Taunton, pages 362, 417, and 478 to 481. The military part of his history was written, as I understand, by J. Edward Seaver who is now Secretary of the Old Colony Historical Society. I think that an investigation at the State House will reveal further information in regard to this part of his career; and this investigation I propose to make as soon as I can reach it. I will also adopt your suggestion to include the sixth generation if I find it practicable.
"In the matter of the marriage of Gilbert Brooks and Elizabeth Winslow I feel there is some doubt. The question, as I understand, now hinges upon the reading of the record. Some read it Gilbert and others Robert. I presume the condition of the record is such that other evidence will be required to settle the point.
"The notes you received from B.O.Wilbour appear to be correct in other items and I presume that relating to Priscilla, wife of Cornelius 2 is also correct, but I would like to know where she found it. The facts relating to Susanna Howell she probably obtained from Mitchell's History of Bridgewater, Plymouth County Records, and the records of the town of Bridgewater. The only alteration and addition I could make are the following:- Jeremiah Howell d. in 1726. He bought a tract of land in the western part of Bridgewater, near the Raynham line in 1715, from Samuel Willis; and another tract from Nicholas Bryam Jr. He married, as Mitchell says, in 1718, Lydia Packard. Lydia, his wife, died about Feb. 1726-7 less than four month' after she was appointed administratrix of her husbands estate. They left five children, Daniel, Sarah, Hannah, Lydia and Susanna; all under 14 years of age.
"I notice that B.O.Wilbour gives 1721 as the date of birth of Cornelius 4. Could she have taken it from the Walker Memorial, as I did?
"I hope soon to receive a copy of a sketch of your life and work, which you kindly offered to send me. I shall appreciate it and thank you for it.
"A few days ago I called on Dr. Brechin and obtained much valuable information relating to William White 1, and his children and their connection with Providence R.I. It put me on an entirely new trail.
(Signed) T. J. Lothrop
In a letter of Sept. 9, 1897, Mr. Lothrop says;- "I have found confirmatory evidence of the statement of B.O.Wilbour that Priscilla, wife of Cornelius 2, was a daughter of Samuel and Anna Davis."
"Brookline Mass. Oct. 25, 1897."
"Dr. C A. White;- My dear sir; Since my last letter to you I have made a brief visit to Taunton and I now give you the result. Will take up the inscriptions in the Walker Burying Ground first. The information you received from Mr. Duvol seems to be correct with possibly two exceptions. In the case of Darius 5, son of Capt. Cornelius 4, I make out the inscription as follows;- 'He died Sept. 30th 1775, in the 19th year of his age.' You will note that this differs from both, the Taunton records and Mr. Duvol. It seems to me that the man who examined the stone for the Taunton records failed to notice the 1 before the 9, and Mr. Duvol failed to see the lower part of the figure 9. If 19 is correct he was born in 1757, between Cornelius, born 1755, and Mehitable, born 1759.
"The other possible exception is the case of the first Cornelius 5 which, according to Mr. Duvol, reads 'Died July Ye 8, 1754, aged' 1. month 17 days.' The first part of this inscription I could not make out at all, and I wondered how Mr. Duvol, or anyone else could read it. (Mr. Lothrop here refers to a statement of my own, not of Mr. Duvol's, concerning this inscription. I transcribed it as shown on page 22 of this book, about 1879. The stone then showed signs of disintegration, and has no doubt since become partly defaced). The stone is very much defaced and a part of it is chipped out just where that part of the inscription occurs. The latter part, '1 month and 17 days', is still clear and distinct. The other inscriptions so far as I observed them are all as stated in your letter of Sept. 1.
"I will take up next the old house about which you wrote in your letter of Sept. 17. (This is the old White homestead. See pages 1, and __ ) I find in the will of Cornelius White 3, made in 1748, he speaks of a new house recently built, and gives it to his son, Cornelius 4. He probably built it for his son in 1747, when he married Susanna Howell. About the same time he bought a farm in Norton for his other son Job 4. If my supposition is correct your suggestion that the house may be 150 years old is also correct.
"To go back to William White 1. At the suggestion of Dr. Brechin, I have been studying Austin's Genealogical Dictionary o� Rhode Island. It has a good many facts about him and his two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. After reading that and other books relating to the early settlement of Rhode Island I infer that a brief story of his life in this country will read as follows :
He arrived in Boston with his wife and several children previous to 1645. The birth of his son Cornelius in the winter of 1646-7 was recorded in Boston, which is pretty good evidence that he was living there at that time. Later on he went to Providence, but the exact time of his removal I do not know. In 1656 be was assigned a house lot in Providence. In 1657 a parcel of land was granted him, and in 1658 he received another piece of land. In 1659 he was one of the Jurymen. These facts I obtained from "the Early Records of the Town of Providence", Vol. 2.
"The Colonial Records of Rhode Island, Vol. 1, page 387, state that 'at a General Court for the Providence of Rhode Island, held at Warwick, May 18, 1658, he was admitted a freeman. He was also a proprietor of undivided land, situated north of Providence, and assignments of lots on his rights were subsequently made to his son-in-law, Benjamin Harnden.
"On October 16, 1662, with consent of his wife Elizabeth, he sold to his son-in-law, Benj. Harnden - Elizabeth, wife of Benj. paying for the same,- his house and twenty-five of land in Providence. In this deed he is described as residing in Boston. but formerly resided in Providence.
In 1664 he bought a tract of land on Wind Mill Point in Boston from Nathaniel Woodward of Taunton, and lived there until his death in 1673.
"In 1876, his widow Elizabeth conveyed to her son Cornelius her interest in the property which her late husband, William White, bequeathed to him except the house she lived in, which was reserved during her life I have no doubt that she was the Elizabeth White, widow, who died in Boston in 1690.
"If the foregoing statements are correct there can be no foundation for the suggestion of Savage that after Elizabeth died William may have married Phillippa Wood as a second wife in 1653. I think it possible, however, that his son William 2 may have married Phillippa Wood in 1653. (I have had some doubt of this. See page 34) I can find no record of his son William, unless the above applies to him. He must have been living somewhere in 1673 because he was named in his fathers will, made at that time.
"According to Austin's Genealogical Dictionary, the daughter Elizabeth 2, and her husband, Benjamin Harnden, had a daughter, Alice, born in 1652. This would imply that William 1 and Elizabeth 1 were married at least as early as 1634. They may have married earlier, and William 2 may have been their first-or second child, in which case he could haven been the husband of Phillippa Wood. I have learned nothing about Ursula 2 except what is stated in her father's will.
"The three younger children, Isaac 2, Cornelius 2, and Susanna 2, who received the real estate of their father, lived in Boston. Isaac apparently left no male heirs. On January 5, 1714-15, he conveyed his property to Henry Wilson of Roxbury, who probably married his oldest daughter Susanna 3.
"I find the following record relating to the children of Cornelius 2 in Suffolk Land Records, Book 54, pages 183, 184, viz. June 12, 1701.
"Cornelius White of Taunton, blacksmith, son of Cornelius White late of Boston, deceased, John White of Boston, malster, John Savel of Boston, tailor, and Priscilla his wife and Sarah White spinster, two of the' daughters of said Cornelius White deceased "sell their interest in land and buildings near Wind Mill Point in Boston to Joshua Winsor of Boston, shopkeeper."
"June 10, 1704, "Elizabeth White of Roxbury, spinster, daughter of Cornelius White late of Boston, deceased "sells her interest in land and buildings near Wind Mill Point in Boston to Joshua Winsor of Boston, shopkeeper.
"I find no record of a conveyance of Nathan's share. I therefore infer that he died before the conveyance was made by his brothers and sisters, and that his share had fallen to them as required by his father's will. What became of John 3 I do not know. There is no further record that I can recognize as belonging to him, although there are several John Whites appearing on the records of Boston, some belonging to one White family, some to another, and some among whom I suppose is our John, are recognizable.
"Coming down to later generations, the letter of Mrs Samuel (See page 12) giving the names of the Children of Abijah White 5 is rather appalling. But as several of them died unmarried the work of obtaining the 6th generation may not be so great as the large number of children of Abijah 5 would indicate. The order of birth, so far as it is given on the Taunton records does not entirely agree with the order given by her.
"I will make another examination of the Probate and City records in Taunton as soon as I have opportunity to do so, and will then see what can be done in the 6th generation. I doubt if it is worth while to continue researches in the early generations any further. Hoping the length of my story has not wearied you
I am sincerely yours
(Signed) T. J. Lothrop"
"13. Carlton Street Brookline, Mass, Dec. 16, 1897.
"Dr. C.A. White;-
Dear Sir:- Upon taking up your last letter I am surprised to find how long I have neglected to reply. A variety of things have come up to divert my attention and to take up my time. Much time has been consumed in picking up the odds and ends of my receivership of the Atlas Tack Corporation, which is a prolonged and unsatisfactory affair, but I hope to see the end of it next week.
"A few weeks ago I saw Mr. Ralph Davol and enlisted him into the matter of obtaining details of the sixth generation. He can do it much more easily than I can, as he knows more of them and practically resides among them.
"I have not much hope of being able to find when our William 1. came, or where he came from. He may have been one of the Williams who went to Virginia, Barbadoes, or Bermuda, and afterward came north. Several William Whites left England between 1630 and 1635 for the places above named, besides one or two who came to New England, but I have not been able to identify any of them as our William. Sincerely yours
(Signed) T. J. Lothrop.
"13 Carlton Street, Brookline, Mass. Feb. 11, 1898.
"Dr. C . A . White,
My dear Sir;-- Replying to question of the marriage of our ancestor, Gilbert Brooks with Elizabeth, daughter of Gov. Edward Winslow, I have recently given the matter some attention, with the following result : The will of Gilbert Brooks, dated June 6, 1695, probated a short time after, and recorded at Taunton, provided for his wife Sarah and nine daughters or their heirs. His daughter Rachel was not living at the date of his will. It makes no mention of any sons and contains nothing to indicate that he ever had any. The names of his daughters are not all given in his will, but I have found them in a division of his property made a few years later. They are as follows :-
|I. Sarah,||married||----- Leon of Roxbury.|
|II. Mary,||"||----- Coleborn|
|III. Rachel||"||----- Wiggins|
|IV. Bathsheba||"||James Walker of Taunton|
|V. Rebecca||"||Samuel Hoskins of Taunton|
|VI. Hannah||"||Robert Crossman Jr. of Taunton|
|VII. Betha||"||Samuel Thrasher of Taunton|
|VIII. Esther||"||----- Stevens|
|IX. Phebe||"||William Manley of Boston.|
His sons-in-law, Robert Crossman and William Manley, were executors of his will.
"In the Vital Statistics of Rehoboth, complied by Arnold, I find the following items :
"Bethia Brooks, daughter of Gilbert, b.Apri1 29, 1662. Elizabeth Brooks, wife of Gilbert, was buried July, 17, 1687. Samuel Thrasher of Taunton married Bethia Brooks of Rehoboth the 4th of December 1680 or 1683 (recorded on the proprietor's Records of Taunton as 1683) Gilbert Brooks married Sarah Carpenter Jan. 18, 1687-8. His second wife, Sarah, is said to have been the widow of Samuel Carpenter of Rehoboth.
"I then examined the will of Gov. Josiah Winslow, the son of Gov. Edward, recorded at Plymouth, dated (I think) 1675, and probated about 1680 (I have lost my memorandum giving the exact dates, but I believe the above are substantially correct.) This will contains the following items:-
"I give to my loving sister, Elizabeth Curwen, my pocket watch that was some time my honored father's. I do hereby confirm unto my kinsman, John Brooks (son of my said sister) all that my lands that are on - - - - - - - - neck in township of Middlebury, with the meadows, privileges &c. I give unto my brother Resolved White, a suit and cloak of my wearing apparel. I give to my brother, Peregrine White, my Spanish rapier, and buff belt, with silver clasp."
"The above records seem to be sufficient for our purpose and indicate very strongly that our Gilbert Brooks could not have been the husband of Elizabeth, daughter of Gov. Edward Winslow. Deane must have been mistaken when he said Gilbert had two sons, John, and Gilbert Brooks. His statement of the names of his daughters agrees with Gilbert's will so far as relates to those born in Scituate, except that the will omits the eldest, Elizabeth, which may be accounted for on the ground that she died unmarried before the will was made. (This shows that Gilbert had 10 daughters). Gilbert probably removed from Scituate to Rehoboth after the birth of his daughter Hannah, in 1659, and before the birth of Bethia in 1662. He was one of those who drew lots for land in the North Purchase of Rehoboth in 1668. In view of the above facts I have abandoned all claim to Elizabeth Winslow as one of my ancestors.
"Will you kindly inform me whether you have been able to identify our William White 1, among the several Williams that came over previous to 1645? Sincerely yours,
(Signed) T. J. Lothrop."
"13. Carlton Street, Brookline Mass. May 9. 1898.
My dear sir:- Since my last letter I have been to Scituate and Marshfield, but have-found nothing to indicate who were the parents of Elizabeth, the wife of Gilbert Brooks. The only records of those towns are very meagre and imperfect. Several others besides myself have endeavored to find out who our Elizabeth was, but no one has yet succeeded.
"I have also failed to find out what became of John White, son of the first Cornelius. As there was a John White at Dighton very early, whose identity appears to be unknown, I propose to make one more effort by spending a few weeks in Taunton and visiting Dighton as I may have opportunity, to examine the South Purchase Property Records as well as the records of the Town Clerk of Dighton. If I fail to find anything in regard to the descendants of our William 1 shall feel like closing my work, as I know no other place to investigate.
"13. Carlton Street Brookline Mass. Nov. 3, 1898.
Dear Sir:- Yours of October 27 duly received. A History of Taunton was published by D. Mason &co. of Syracuse N.Y. in 1893. It was complied by Mr. Emery, and was the history to which I referred in my letter to you. It was a subscription book, and I do not know whether any copies can now be obtained, but I will make inquiry.
"I find that the public services of Cornelius White 4 were less than I anticipated. He was too old for active military service in the Revolution. Cornelius' 5 appears to be the name intended whenever the name of Cornelius White appears on the Revolutionary rolls. Cornelius 4 was a member of the Committee of Correspondence and Safety in 1777 and 1778, and one of the Selected men of Taunton in 1779 & 1780. I find no other public service performed by him.
"The statement of Mr. Wilcox (See letter of E.R.Davol on page 38) is undoubtedly correct. Capt. Abiathar Leonard was elected Captain of the Minute Men, February 6. 1775. (See Emery's History of Taunton page 437)
"I do not know what I shall do with my manuscript relating to William White and his descendants. The New England Genealogical Register limits genealogical articles to six pages and the first four generations of a family, allowing the writer to trace his own descent, providing it comes within the six pages, to the present generation. If only the first four generations are to be printed I can comply with the requirement. Some of the lines I have traced to the present generation, and have material which will make a pamphlet of 20 or 25 pages.
"If printed in pamphlet form I presume it would cost about 100$ for a small edition. I don't feel able to incur the expense and like Dickens' Micawber, I am waiting for something to turn up.
(Signed) T. J. Lothrop.
The following letter is from Mr. Edwin Russell Davol of Taunton, Mass. a grandson of my cousin Cornelius White 7.
245 Winthrop Street Taunton Mass Sept. 16, l878.
Dear sir:- I have been looking up genealogy this summer and I think I have found the parents of Abigail Leonard, who married Cornelius White 5. I have it from three different sources that she was the daughter of Capt. Abiathar Leonard and Sarah (Williams) Leonard or Taunton.
"Mr. Isaac Wilcox of Taunton, an experienced genealogist, says that Abbey Pendleton Woodward, now deceased, daughter of Samuel and Sally (White) Pendleton, told him that her grandfather Abigail was the daughter of Abiathar Leonard. Mrs. Susan 4 (Leonard) Lincoln (Abiathar 3, Abiathar 2, Capt. Abiathar 1.) tells me that her grandfather Abiathar 2, had a sister who married Capt. Cornelius White. Mrs. Caroline Seaver, whose grandfather was Abiathar 2 Leonard tells me that her mother was own cousin to Abiathar White. I can find no record that Capt. Abiathar was the father of Abigail Leonard, but I have no doubt that it is so. There is nothing in the Probate office or the Registry of Deeds which casts any light on the matter, as the town and church records were nearly all destroyed.
"In Historical Hall there is a book of marriages by James Williams in which are the following records:-
"1760, May 26th. Abiathar Leonard and Sarah Williams, both of Taunton, were married in Taunton.
"1777, Sept. 21. Then Mr. Cornelius White, junr. and Mrs Abigail Leonard, both of Taunton were married in Taunton, per James Williams, Justice of the Peace.
"Abigail was born in 1761, or 1762, according to her grave-stone and therefore could Both have been over 16 when she was married. The fact that she was called "Mrs." does not necessarily imply that she had been married before, but is a title of respect, just as Mr. or Gent.
"In the same book I find the following marriages which may be of interest to you. '1742, May 7th Benjamin Bird of Stoughton and Keziah White of Taunton.' '1771, Sept. 24th, Mr. Cornelius White and Mrs. Rachel Hodges, both of Taunton.' 'Nov. 10, 1805, Darius White and Sally Hunt, both of Taunton.' 'January 20th, 1807, Charles Rabbitt and Abigail White, both of Taunton.' 'Jan. 21, 1808 William Godfrey and Susanna White, both of Taunton.' 'Jan. 28. 1813, Cornelius White of Taunton and Florintha Chace of Freetown.' 'Aug. 7, 1814 Abigail White junr. of Taunton and Eliza Wilkinson of Wellington.' [North Dighton was Originally called Wellington.] These are all the Whites of our family that are recorded. Among the extant town records of Taunton are the following -----
Children of Cornelius White 5.
Darius White, born July 3. 1799.(-1779) Leonard White, " Dec. 13 1781 Abigail White, " Feb. 14 1784 Sarah White, " Aug. 31 1786 Lydia and Susanna White, " Jan. 29 1788 Cornelius White junr., " Oct. 9 1791 Abiathar White, " Nov. 18 1793
"I think Darius was born 1779 instead of 1799, as is recorded. Gustavus Adolphus' birth is not given, but from his gravestone he was born about 1801, as he died March 23, 1875, aged 74 years.
"Abiathar Leonard, father of Abigail, was the son of James 4 (James 3, James 2, James 1.) and Mehitable Phillips, (William 3, James 2, William 1.). Sarah Williams, his wife was dau. of James 4, (Seth 3, Samuel 2, Richard 1.) and Sarah 4 Barney (John 3, Jacob 2, Jacob 1.) Abiathar was a Capt. of Minute Men, and died in 1810.
"The old White homestead has passed in-to the hands of Albert White son of John E; and John E. has been living there since Horace's Death. Perhaps you knew all I have written, but it will let you know that I am still interested in the history of the White family in Taunton.
"I should like a complete record of the descendants of your father, Abiathar White, including date and place of birth, marriage and death, and if possible, names of all parents of wives and husbands.
(Signed) Edwin Russell Davol.
Following is a tabular statement from E.R.Davol concerning the children of Abiathar Leonard, and whom they married.
Children of Abiathar Leonard
|Gilbert.||Polly Gerry, Oct. 12, 1788|
|Abigail||1761||1833||Cornelius White 1777|
New England Historical and Genealogical Register.
"Published by the N. E. Historical Society. Octavo. The first Volume was published in 1847, and this has been followed by one volume for each subsequent year, that for 1896 being volume 50. At the beginning of Volume 50 there is an index of pedigree for all the preceding volumes
The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island
By John Osborne Austin.
Quarto, pages 440, Joel Munsell's Sons, Albany N.Y. 1887.
A Genealogical Dictionary,
Of the first settlers of New England, showing three
Generations of those who came before May, 1692;
On the basis of the Farmers Register.
By James Savage.
Former President of the Mass. Historical Society, and
Editor of Winthrop History of New England.
Four volumes octavo. Little Brown & Co, Boston, 1860
Family record of Winslows and their Descendants in America, with the English Ancestry as far as known.
By David Parsons Holton, A.M. M.D.
Two volumes Royal Octavo, pages 528 & appendices and pages 529-1057 and appendices respectively.
Mrs Frances - K. Holton, publisher, N.Y. 1888.
History of Taunton Massachusetts from its settlement to the present time.
By Samuel Hopkins Emery D.D. Royal Octavo, pages 878, and 50 portraits. Also appendices.
Published by D. Mason &Co, Syracuse N.Y. 1893.
The original list of persons of Quality; Emigrants, Religious Exiles, Political Rebels; Serving men sold for a term of years; Apprentices; Children stolen; Maidens pressed; and others who went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-- 1700.
Edited by John Camden Hotten.
Royal Octavo, pages 580, Chatto and Windus, London 1874.
Spirit of '76 in Rhode Island.
Or sketches of the efforts of the Government and People in the War of the Revolution.
By Benjamin Cowell.
Octavo, pages 352. 1850. A. J. Wright, printer, Boston.
History of Scituate, Massachusetts.
from its first settlement to 1831.
By Samuel Deane.
Octavo, pages ___ James Loring Boston 1831.
History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater
in Plymouth County, Massachusetts.
Octavo, pages 400
By Nahum Mitchell.
Vital Records of Rehoboth, 1642--1896.
By James Arnold.
Royal Octavo, pages 926, Narragansett Publishing Co, Providence R.I.1897
Bibliographia Geneologica Americana.
An alphabetical Index to American Geneologies and Pedigrees
By Daniel S. Durrie.
Published by Joel Munsell's Sons, Albany N.Y. Octavo. First edition pages 245, published in 1886. Second edition pages ___ published in 1895.
Hurds "History of Bristol County, Massachusetts"
By D. Hamilton Hurd.
Published by Lewis & Co. Philadelphia 1883. One volume Royal Octavo, page
Giving the name and the male descent of Americans whose ancestors settled in the United States previous to the Declaration of Independence.
Joel Munsell's Sons, Albany N.Y.
This is a series of Octavo volumes, volume one having been published in 1887, and the eleventh volume in 1898. Others to follow.
For comments, corrections, or other information, contact Stephen Sanford, email@example.com.
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