Included in this bibliography are only writings that I have consulted, or am familiar with, or that have been recommended to me. It is by no means a complete list of all works available on the subject of Saint-Domingue. It is intended to be a point of departure, to encourage further exploration of the history and genealogy of the West Indies.
Abbreviations for facilities where some of the listed works can be found:
LDS-FHC - The Family History Center of the Church of
Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT & local
LHC - Louisiana Historical Center at the Old Mint, New Orleans, LA
LOB - Lobby Library, Jefferson Parish, Metairie, LA
LOY - Loyola University library, New Orleans, LA
LSUHill - Louisiana State University, Hill Library, Baton Rouge, LA
LSUMidl - Louisiana State University, Middleton Library, Baton Rouge, LA
NOPL - New Orleans Public Library, Louisiana Division, 3rd floor, New Orleans, LA
TU - Tulane University's Howard Tilton Library, New Orleans, LA
TULADiv - Tulane University's Howard Tilton Library, Louisiana Division, New Orleans, LA
TULAL - Tulane University's Howard Tilton Library, Latin American Library, New Orleans, LA
TUMf - Tulane University's Howard Tilton Library, Microforms Division, New Orleans, LA
UFLG - University of Florida at Gainesville, Gainesville, FL
UNO - University of New Orleans, Earl Long Library, New Orleans, LA
Archives Nationales de France. Guide des Sources de l'Histoire de l'Amerique Latine et des Antilles dans les Archives Françaises. Paris: Archives Nationales, 1984. Z1610.F72 1984 [TULAL]
A guide to sources for the history of Latin America and the Antilles in French archives. Consult it if you plan to go to France to research.
This excellent and thorough study examines all facets of refugee life in the U.S.: social, political, economic, religious, and explores refugee contributions to and influence on American life. The pages of this work are sprinkled with the names of many refugees, gleaned from many kinds of public documents. Good bibliography. A microform or hard copy is available from UMI Dissertation Services, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, MI 48106. For more details about the work see History and Genealogy Page. Also see the Babb Index compiled by the Saint-Domingue S*I*G*.
Barefield, Marilyn Davis. Old Demopolis Land Office Records and Military Warrants 1818-1860 and Records of the Vine and Olive Colony. Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1988.
This abstract of land office records contains information about the French and Saint-Domingue refugees who bought shares in the famous, but ill-fated Vine and Olive Colony.
Brasseaux, Carl A. and Glenn R. Conrad, eds. The Road to Louisiana The Saint-Domingue Refugees 1792-1809. Lafayette, LA: The Center for Louisiana Studies, Univ. of Southwestern Louisiana, 1992.
A four-part anthology of essays by Thomas Fiehrer, Paul Lachance, and Gabriel Debien (two articles, translated by David Cheramie) dealing with various aspects of the refugees' flight that ultimately led to their resettlement in Louisiana. Especially valuable are the two translations of Debien's works, dealing with the refugees in Cuba and Louisiana, and Lachance's statistic-enhanced analysis of the refugees who arrived in New Orleans in 1809.
Bryan, Patrick. "Émigrés Conflict and Reconciliation. The French Émigrés in Nineteenth Century Jamaica". Jamaica Journal 7 (Sep 1973): 13-19 .
A detailed essay on the effect that the three classes of Saint-Domingue refugee-emigres (whites, free blacks, and slaves) had on the Jamaican plantocracy. Endnotes list some sources with great potential: Island Record Office, Wills of Supreme Court and Inventories, Jamaica Archives.
Buckley, Roger Norman. The Haitian Journal of Lieutenant Howard, York Hussars, 1796-1798. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1985. F1923.H78 1985 [TULAL, UNO]
A first-hand account of the experiences of Lieutenant Thomas Phipps Howard during the last two years of the British occupation of Saint-Domingue. The journal is not only a military history, but also a detailed account of the trip across the Atlantic and through the West Indies, and contains descriptions of various urban and rural areas of Saint-Domingue, with personal comments on the politics, manners, and life-styles of the colonists.
Carr, Peter E. Censos, Padrones y Matriculas de la Población de Cuba Siglos 16, 17 y 18. San Luis Obispo, CA: Chez l'auteur, 1996.
A compilation of over 17,000 names of early Cuban settlers, gleaned from various sources, some little-known or little-used, including censuses, resident and military lists, padrones, matriculas, and cabildo lists. Text in Spanish.
Charlevoix, Pierre F. de. Histoire de l'isle Espagnole où de Saint-Domingue...Par le p. Pierre-François-Xavier de Charlevoix. 2 vols. Paris: Chez Jacques Guerin, 1730-31. 972.94C478 (also F1911.C46) [TULAL rare]
This work is almost universally recommended as essential to a more complete understanding of the early French colony of Saint-Domingue. Many maps of early islands and towns. There is also a Spanish edition, F1911.C4618.
Cifre de Loubriel, Estela, Ph.D. La inmigratión a Puerto Rico durante el siglo XIX. San Juan, PR: Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña, 1964. JV7382.C5 [TULAL]
Discusses and analyzes in detail the migration to Puerto Rico during the 19th century, mentioning the Réal Cédula de Gracias of 1815, which attracted a large number of French and Saint-Domingue refugees. Most important is the catalog of immigrants, 13,217 names with bits of information (with citations) culled from 365 documents in some 40 different sources.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - -, Catalogo de extranjeros residentes en Puerto Rico en el siglo XIX. Rio Piedras, PR: Ediciones de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1962.
An alphabetical surname listing of resident foreigners in Puerto Rico in the 19th century, including a series of maps and tables based on biographical data about the foreigners. 972.95 W2c [LDS FHC, Salt Lake City, Latin American book area.]
Childs, Frances Sergeant. French Refugee Life in the United States, 1790-1800. Baltimore, MD: [n.p.], 1940. [TU]
The story of the Saint-Domingue and French refugees, focusing on the more northern American cities (New York, Philadelphia, Boston).
Cobb, Isabel Hillery and Elizabeth Sullivan-Holleman. The Saint-Domingue Epic The de Rossignol des Dunes and Family Alliances. Bay St. Louis, MS: The Nightingale Press, 1995.
This is not only the story of one family, but of many others that touched it or came under it's influence. The Epic... traces the early de Rossignols from their medieval beginnings in France to the Caribbean island-colonies of Saint-Christophe and Saint-Domingue, then to their refuge in Cuba, Jamaica, and the U.S., and their eventual renewal of prosperity in New Orleans. This is not only a listing of relationships and personal data, but a history of the era and places in which the de Rossignol des Dunes families lived. Extensive endnotes document the work; it contains many photos, copies of documents, charts, and maps (from French archives) of various districts in Saint-Domingue, some listing the names of all property owners. Unfortunately, each chapter is indexed alphabetically by names only (no page numbers); there are about 1,000 names listed. For a listing of chapter titles see History and Genealogy Page.
Crouse, Nellis M. French Pioneers in the West Indies. New York: Octagon Books, 1977.
A concise history of the French in the West Indies up through the 1600s.
Cundall, Frank, Ed. Lady Nugent's Journal: Jamaica One Hundred Years Ago. Reprint. London: Adam & Charles Black, 1907. 972.92 N967JC [TULAL]
During their tour of duty in the colony (1801-1815) Governor-General Nugent and his wife, Maria, often entertained French military officers and civilians. Lady N. recorded her observations about and reactions to them in her journal. She comments about the French as individuals and on the plight of the refugees in general. The journal was originally published for private circulation in 1839.
Deive, Carlos Esteban. Las Emigraciones Dominicanas a Cuba (1795-1808). Santo Domingo, D.R.: Fundación Cultural Dominicana, 1989.
Discusses Dominican, (i.e. Spanish colonists) and French (i.e. Saint-Domingue refugees) flight to Cuba during the revolution in Saint-Domingue.
------------------- Los Refugiados Franceses en Santo Domingo. Santo Domingo: Universidad Nacional Pedro Henríquez Ureña, 1984.
The story of the Saint-Domingue refugees in Santo Domingo. Bibliography contains some new published books, and a good list of primary document sources in Spanish archives.
Delaney, Francis X. A History of The Catholic Church in Jamaica B.W.I 1494 to 1929. New York: Jesuit Mission Press, 1930.
A sketchy history of the Church, not well documented, but interesting for the way in which it differs from Osborne's later, m ore comprehensive work. Good for comparative reading.
De Wimpffen, Alexandre, Baron D. Voyage à Saint-Domingue, pendant les années 1788, 1789, et 1790. 2 volumes. Paris: n.p., 1797. 917.293/F1901.W75 [TULAL, LSUHill]
This work is credited with being one of the most level-headed, impartial ones about the colony from all viewpoints. It is a first-hand account of the colony in the early years of the French Revolution.
Direction des Archives de France, la, et. alii. Guide des Sources de l'Histoire des États-Unis dans les archives françaises. Paris: France Expansion, 1976.
This guide lists in great detail, the groups of documents in various archives in France (national, departmental, municipal, ect.) that pertain to the history of the U.S. The West Indies are included in the scope of this work. A must if you are going to France to research.
Edwards, Bryan. The history, civil and commercial, of the British West Indies. By Bryan Edwards...with a continuation to the present time. London: G. and W.B. Whittaker, 1818-19. TULAL Rare Books F2131.E29 & TUMf, fiches 1-38.
Includes eye-witness accounts of events observed when the author landed with money and supplies (as part of a British delegation) to assist the devastated colony in the 1790s.
Escalle, Elisabeth and Mariel Gouyon-Guillaume. Francs-Maçons des Loges Françaises "aux Ameriques" 1770-1850. Contribution à l'etude de la société créole. Paris: Chez les auteurs, 1993.
This patient and meticulous work is the result of a systematic and methodical extraction of information from the dossiers of the French Masonic Lodges in the Bibliothèque Nationale (and other archives and sources) established in the Antilles, Guyane and North America from 1770 to 1850. Part One contains a brief history of each French lodge and includes statistical breakdowns of the professions and the places of nativity of the members, and other information. Part Two is an alphabetical listing of 4,623 individual lodge members, gathered from documents in the Archives Nationales, Bibliotheque Nationale, and other public and private sources.
Fagg, John Edwin. Cuba, Haiti, & the Dominican Republic. The Modern Nations In Historical Perspective Series. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1965.
A good basic book. This quick read is not very detailed, but will give you the basic dates, players and events in each island-country's history. Easy to follow and understand.
Filby, P. William, with Mary K. Meyer, eds. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index. A Guide To Published Arrival Records Of About 500,000 Passengers Who Came To The United States and Canada In the 17th, 18th, and 19th Centuries. Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1981. 3 vols, and supplemental volumes, 1982-1991. CS68.P362 [TU]
An alphabetical listing of names extracted from published passenger lists naturalization records, censuses, histories, journal articles, etc. Bibliographic information is given in each volume.
- - - - - - - - - -, ed. Philadelphia Naturalizations Records. Detroit: Gale Research Co, 1982. CS68.P47 1982 [TU]
Revised version of an index to records of aliens' declarations of intention and/or oaths of allegiance in several Philadelphia-area courts and section 2 of the alphabetical index of naturalization records for 1794-1880, of maritime records, Port of Philadelphia. The following locations are listed in the section entitled "Abbreviations For Countries of Former Allegiance": Cape François, Cuba, France-St. Domingo, French West Indies, Haiti, Jamaica, Port-au-Prince, St. Jago, and West Indies.
Franco, José Luciano. Historia de la revolucion de Haiti. La Batalla por el dominio del Caraibe y el Golfo de Mexico, Vol. 3. La Habana, Cuba: Instituto de Historia, Academia de Ciencias, 1966.
A history of the colony of Saint-Domingue from its discovery through the revolution. In Spanish. The bibliography lists many sources in Spanish, not found in English-language works on the subject.
- - - - - - - - - - -. Documentos para la historia de Haiti en el Archivo Nácional. Publicaciones del Archivo Nacional de Cuba, no. 23. La Habana: Archivo Nácional de Cuba, 1954. F1921-F8 [LSUMidl]
The title is self-explanatory. Unfortunately the documents are not readily accessible.
Gaston-Martin, -?-. Nantes au XVIIIe Siècle. Tome 2, L'ère des Négriers (1714-1774). Paris: Librairie Félix Alcan, 1931
A detailed description of the slave trade conducted from the port of Nantes. Descriptions of the ships and how they were outfitted, the voyage, the actual trading of slaves for goods, and their voyage to the colonies.The second part discusses the "vicissitudes" of the trade and traffic, particularly the various wars that went on during that time. The third part describes slavery in the colonies.
Geggus, David Patrick. Slavery, War, and Revolution The British Occupation of Saint Domingue 1793-1798. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982. F1923.G37 1982 [TULAL]
This opus major details the conditions that led up to revolution, as well as military, social, economic strategies used by British during their unsuccessful occupation of the island. A very exhaustive study. Good bibliography.
Grannum, Guy. Tracing Your West Indian Ancestors. Sources in the Public Record Office. London: PRO Publications, 1995.
A thorough work, bringing together for the first time the wide variety of records useful for the study of BWI ancestry in the Public Record Office. It explains the various kinds of records that were generated, why, and where to find them in the PRO. Bibliographies are included at the end of each chapter. Examples are illustrated with a large selection of photographs of original documents. A must for laying the groundwork before researching in the PRO (or hiring a professional).
The story of the French forces under General Ferrand that retreated to the eastern part of Hispaniola in 1803 when the French evacuated Saint-Domingue. Originally in French, titled Journal historique de la revolution de la partie de l'est de Saint-Domingue... (Philadelphia, 1810) [This version available at Tulane on microfiche.], and Precis historique des derniers evenemens de la partie de lést de Saint-Domingue depuis le 10 aout 1808, jusqu'a la capitulation de Santo Domingo. Paris: Arthus-Bertrand, 1811.
Hill, Roscoe R. Descriptive Catalog of the Documents Relating to the History of the United States in the Papeles Procedentes de Cuba deposited in the Archivo General de Indias at Seville. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institute of Washington, 1916. Reprint. New York: Kraus Reprint Corporation, 1965.
Many items relating to Saint-Domingue are listed in the index. Some of them have been microfilmed for American repositories (see introduction), some have not, but they are available for research in Spain.
Larrazabal-Blanco, Carlos. Familias Dominicanas. 9 volumes. Dominican Republic: Academia Dominicana de la Historia, 1967. CS 261.D6L37
All 9 volumes have surname indices.
Lawless, Robert. Haiti A Research Handbook. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1990. Z1531.L38 1990 [TULAL]
One of several good bibliographies; this one has an informative introduction at the beginning of each chapter. Nine of the chapters deal with different historical eras of the island; other disciplines (science, the arts, etc.) are discussed in later chapters.
Leland, Waldo G. Guide to Materials for American History in the Libraries and Archives of Paris. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1932. Reprint. New York: Kraus Reprint Corporation, 1965. [LSUHill]
Of special interest are the numerous listings in the index under "Santo Domingo" [Saint-Domingue].
Marrero, Levi. Cuba: Economia y Sociedad. 11 Vols. Madrid: Editorial Playor, S. A., [1974?]. [HC57.C9M348.1974 TULAL]
Includes an excellent account of the economic contribution to Cuba of the French refugees from Saint-Domingue. The most details are in chapter 6 of Volume XI, entitled "El Café: Auge y Caida." The reader is also referred to sections in Volume IX that discuss further aspects of the history of the French (such as their role in settling the cuenca de Guantánamo). The chapters include testimonials and documentation that lists the surnames of several French coffee planters, landowners, and their French employees in Cuba. The work is filled with pictures and drawings that provide vivid visual history. [Thanks to Margarita Martin for this synopsis. Unfortunately, Tulane's library has only through Volume IX.]
McClellan III, James E. Colonialism and Science. Saint-Domingue in the Old Regime. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.
This book focuses on a rather narrow field in Saint-Domingue, the intellectual community centering around the Cercle des Philadelphes; but it also contains a lot of background information about the colony, for example, ballooning, meteorology, the presence of an independent press, the development of cochineal production on the island, etc. A useful and interesting work. Part I provides not only a history-in-a-nutshell, but also detailed vignettes of the physical, social, political, economic, demographic, and religious aspects of the colony.
Mills, Herbert Elmer. The Early Years of the French Revolution in San Domingo. Poughkeepsie, N. Y.: Press of A. V. Haight, 1889. F1923 M65
This work was presented to the faculty of the Cornell University as a Thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in July, 1889. A source often quoted by other researchers and scholars.
Moreau de Saint-Méry, Médéric-Louis Élie. Description topographique, physique, civile, politique et historique de la partie Française de l'isle Saint-Domingue. Revised and expanded edition. Edited by B. Maurel and E. Taillemite. 3 vols. Paris: Société de l'histoire des Colonies Françaises et Librairie Larose, 1958. F1923.M785 1958 [TULAL, LSUMidl]
For this nouvelle edition of the author's 1797 work, the original manuscript was entirely reviewed and a listing of cantons, and an alphabetical appendix of surnames with biographical sketches were added. The editors have reintegrated certain passages into the new edition that were deleted from the proofs of the 1797 publication. "The Bible" for colonial Saint-Domingue study. For more information see History and Genealogy Page.
Moya Pons, Frank. The Dominican Republic, A National History. New Rochelle, N.Y.: Hispaniola Books, 1995. F1938.M68 1995.
Of interest to the researcher is Chapter 5, "The French Revolution in Santo Domingo (1789-1809)", and Chapter 6, "The Haitian Domination (1809-1843)".
Murray, Elsie. Azilum: French Refugee Colony of 1793. Athens, PA: Tioga Point Museum, 1940.
The story of the settlement in Pennsylvania that was planned as the home-in- exile of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France.
Naret, Edward, M. D. History of the French Settlers Gallipolis, Ohio, in 1790. [n.p.]: Gallia County Historical Society, 1977.
The story of the Scioto Land Company and the French refugees who settled in Gallipolis, Ohio.
Padrón, Carlos. Franceses en el Suroriente de Cuba. Havana, Cuba: Ediciones UNIÓN, 1997
This small but interesting book tells the story of the refugees in Cuba before and after the 1809 expulsion. Includes a bibliography with some new, Spanish language sources, and a list of some 2000 surnames associated with the French refugees.
Osborne, Francis J., S.J. History of the Catholic Church in Jamaica. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1988. BX1455.2O84 [TULAL]
An update of Francis X. Delaney's 1930 work of a similar title. Of interest to the S-D researcher are Chapters 11 and 12, which detail the part the refugees played in reinforcing the Catholic church in Jamaica (particularly in the city of Kingston), which, for 137 years, had played no significant role in the everyday life of this British colony. A good part of the chapter details the schism within the church in Kingston, caused by the Abbé L'Espinasse, himself a refugee.
Ott, Thomas O. The Haitian Revolution 1789-1804. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1987. F1923.087 1987
This impartial account of the conflict is well-written, using original records and documents. The detailed chapter endnotes and bibliography list some novel sources.
Pachonski, Jan, and Wilson, Reuel K. Poland's Caribbean Tragedy: A Study of Polish Legions in the Haitian War of Independence 1802-1803. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986. F1923.P32 1986 [UNO]
A translation, adaptation, and amplification of Pachonski's earlier works. This book explores a little known aspect of the struggle in Saint-Domingue - the story of two Polish demibrigades which became tragically involved in Napoleon's futile attempt to regain the former colony. A good part of this work is based on Polish sources, some of which were destroyed in World War II. Entertaining and informative without being stuffy.
Parham, Althéa de Puech, trans. and ed. My Odyssey. Experiences of a Young Refugee from Two Revolutions By a Creole of Saint-Domingue. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1959.
My Odyssey... is a translation of a journal kept by a person believed to be the editor's ancestor. It relates the adventures of a young man (Saint-Domingue-born and Paris-educated), who fled the turmoil of the Revolution in France, only to find himself in the jaws of the slave uprisings on his native island. This eye-witness account describes his experiences as he escapes the ravaged island, as well as his trials and tribulations in the United States.
Rodríguez Demorizi, Emilio. Cesion de Santo Domingo a Francia. Ciudad Trujillo, D.N.: Impresora Dominicana, 1958.
The official correspondence of Godoy, Garcia, Roume, Hedouville, Louverture, Rigaud and others who negociated the cession of Santo Domingo to France in 1795, by the treaty of Basel. Rather dry reading.
Rodríguez Demorizi, Emilio. La Era de Francia en Santo Domingo. Vol 2, Contribución a su estudio. Ciudad Trujillo: Editora del Caribe, C. por A., 1955. 972.93 A168 (V02)
Rosario Rivera, Raquel, PhD. La Real Cédula de Gracias de 1815 y sus primeros efectos en Puerto Rico. San Juan, P.R.: [n.p.], 1995
A study of the royal decree that invited immigration to Puerto Rico in 1815, and the effects it had on the island colony.
Sibley, Willian G. The French Five Hundred. Gallipolis, OH: The Gallia County Historical Society, 1933.
Another account of the French refugees who settled in Gallipolis, Ohio.
Stein, Robert Louis. The French Sugar Business in the Eighteenth Century. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.
According to the review on the book jacket, "this comprehensive study of the sugar industry, at once the glory and the shame of the Old Regime, covers all aspects of the business, from the procurement of African slaves, through the process of growing sugar, refining it, and the ultimate distribution and consumption of the product in France and Europe. It will lead to a better understanding of the importance of the sugar industry to 18th century French social and economic life. Not difficult or stuffy.
Stoddard, T. Lothrop, A.M., Ph.D., The French Revolution in San Domingo. New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1914. F1923.S87 [TULAL]
A reprint; the original publisher, date not stated. Much information for this account of the revolution was drawn from original documents in the French Archives and contemporary writings. A good overview, one of the few in English. It explains the "ripple effect" that the French Revolution had on the Saint-Domingue.
Thésée, Françoise, Négociants Bordelais et colons de Saint-Domingue. Paris: Société Française d'Histoire d'Outre-Mer, 1972.
This history of the French house of commerce, Henri Romberg, Bapst & Cie opens a new window onto the economy of the French West Indies (particularly Saint-Domingue) on the eve of the first years of the French Revolution. It discusses the financial aspects of the exportation and importation of goods from the colonies as found in the records of the great trading house that that was so important to France's economy. It also examines the lifestyle of the colonists, and the nature of the slave trade. Includes 2 excellent fold-out maps, one of the colony of Saint-Domingue, the other a 1790 topographical rendering of the entire quartier de l'Artibonite (main city, Saint-Marc) showing the names of all the habitations in the area.
Vaissière, George Pierre Charles de. Saint-Domingue: La Société et la vie Créoles sous l'Ancien Régime (1629-1789). Paris: Perrin et Cie, 1909. F1901.V132 [TULAL]
An excellent work based on French and English archival sources. Provides a sound background for understanding conditions in Saint-Domingue before the Revolt. A good companion volume to Moreau's work.
Archives Nationales, Les. Les Archives Nationales. État général des fonds. Tome 3, Marine et Outre-Mer. Paris: Archives Nationales, 1980.
An inventory of record groups in the Marine, (Séries Anciennes and Modernes; Affaires Étrangeres; and the Outre-Mer). The introduction (attempts to) explain the system of the archives, why certain groups of records are found where they are, and when they were placed there. In French. A "must" if you want to have your "ducks in a row" when you go to France to research.
Archives Nationales, Les. Guide des sources de l'histoire de l'Amérique Latine et des Antilles dans les archives Françaises. Paris: Archives Nationales, 1984.
A guide to sources for the history of Latin America and the Antilles in French archives. Included are sections on the archives of France (Nationales, Départementales, communales), the ministerial archives (consular, embassy, diplomatic), des assemblées (roughly equivalent to our Congressional archives) , imprimées (printed government documents), de chambres de commerce et d'industrie (various chambers of commerce and businesses), and private archives (including religious archives, and private papers that have been placed in public repositories). These sources are all located in France, but some may have been microfilmed for American repositories, especially the Library of Congress or the LDS.
Carr, Peter E. Guide to Cuban Genealogical Research. Chicago: Adams Press,  ISBN 0-9631209-05
This 103 page guide is divided into 3 main sections: family sources, primary sources, and secondary sources. It covers churh records; civil registration, census and passenger records; notarial and land records; slave records; military records; newspapers, directories, and other published sources ; records of private industry; diplomatic records; records in Spain. Gives suggestions for preliminary research & discusses problem areas peculiar to Spanish genealogy.
Institute of Latin American Studies. A Guide to manuscript sources for the history of Latin America and the Caribbean in the British Isles. Edited by Peter Walne. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. TULAL CD1048.L35 G84 1973.
Numerous Saint-Domingue sources listed.
Mitchell, Madeleine E. Jamaican Ancestry: How to find out More. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1998. ISBN 0-7884-1050-4. Heritage Books, Inc., 1540-E Pointer Ridge Pl, Bowie Maryland 20716. 1-800-398-7709. Website at http://www.heritagebooks.com
Challenged at every turn by a lack of research-aid materials as she conducted her own Jamaican family research, Mitchell put together this guide, to show that much Jamaican research can be done without leaving the U.S. The key is accessing the various sources through libraries and other repositories.
Opening chapters include an oral and factual history of Jamaica, then go on to discuss civil and church records, maps, land records, census lists, immigration sources. Many other sources are discussed: military records; schools and institutions of higher learning; almanacs, handbooks and directories; the different kinds of courts; newspapers; and occupations. The last few chapters provide a bibliography of additional references and genealogies and a listing of useful addresses. The book is indexed by full names as well as subject. te author's comments on her personal research experiences, interspersed throughout, provide insight and inspiration.
There is even a small section on the colonists from Saint-Domingue (listed under "Haiti" in the index). From this topic, one learns that the refugees settled mostly in the cities of Kingston and Spanish Town, and in Portland and St. Ann (civil) parishes. Also of interest is the fact that there are some documents in the Public Records Office in London, in the Admiralty section, medical department registers, concerning "French" prisoners of war from 1798 to 1806.
Sánchez-Johnson, Mayra F. Research Guide for Cuba. Salt Lake City: Cuban Genealogical Society, 1995.
This guide contains 43 pages covering primary and secondary sources. Also discussed are 4 archives (3 in Spain, 1 in Cuba) and the specific groups of documents in them, that contain material pertaining to Cuba.
Debien, Gabriel. "The Acadians in Santo Domingo: 1764-1789." Trans. by Glenn R. Conrad. In The Cajuns: Essays on Their History and Culture. Edited by Glenn R. Conrad. Lafayette, La.: Center For Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1978. 976.3 C139 1978
The story of the Acadians who took refuge in Saint-Domingue in the early years of their diaspora. Gleaned from official correspondence, reports, and sacramental records. Conrad has done a fine translation of Debien's work. Note that the 80-page appendix from the original French version (which contains all of Debien's extractions of Acadians from the Saint-Domingue registers) was not included in the second edition of this translation, although it is in the first.
Bernard, Gildas. "Archives Nationales. Section Moderne. Aid to the Colonists of Saint-Domingue". In Guide des recherches sur l'histoire des familles, 273-276. Paris: Archives Nationales, 1981. 944.D276 [LDS-FHC]
Aid to the colonists of Saint-Domingue was granted as early as November 1993, and the last payment was made in 1896. This section explains the nature of the aid and procedure for applying for it, and explores various archival sources in France (at the departmental and national level) where these documents can be found. Translation. This book can be found in it's entirety at Jean-Luc Monnet's website.
Baur, John E. "International Repercussions of the Haitian Revolution". No further citation. Please contact me if you know in which journal this was published.
Bryan, Patrick. "Émigrés Conflict and Reconciliation. The French Émigrés in Nineteenth Century Jamaica". Jamaica Journal 7 (Sep 1973): 13-19 .
A detailed essay on the effect that the three classes of Saint-Domingue refugee-emigres (whites, free blacks, and slaves) had on the Jamaican plantocracy. Endnotes list some sources with great potential: Island Record Office, Wills of Supreme Court and Inventories, Jamaica Archives.
Childs, Frances Sergeant. "Fontaine Leval, a French Settlement on the Maine Coast, 1791". In Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, 51 (Apr. 1941-Oct. 1941): 185-222.
The story of the French refugee settlement in Maine.
Cosnay, Chantal. "Le Notariat de Saint-Domingue". Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe, 15 (Apr 1990): 129.
This article guides the reader smoothly and painlessly through the procedure necessary to access the Saint-Domingue Notarial Minutes. It will not help with American research, but is recommended to for those who might have a few days to spend in the Archives d'Outre-Mer in Aix-en-Provence researching in the originals. It also delves into the history of these rich, well-organized documents and explains why there is a disparity in the years covered by the records of the 400 notaries that practiced in the colony between 1701 and 1804.
Casey, Powell A. "Masonic Lodges In New Orleans". New Orleans Genesis, 20 (Jan 1981): 1-20.
Alphabetical listings of member names, extracted from the rosters of selected Masonic Lodges in New Orleans (1794-1838), focusing on those Lodges which had a high number of members with a Saint-Domingue connection.
**Debien, Gabriel. "Les colons de Saint-Domingue réfugiés à Cuba (1793-1815)". In Revista de Indias 13, 54 (Oct-Dec 1953): 559-605; and 14, 55-56 (Jan-Jun 1954):11-36.
A detailed description of everyday life of the refugees, their impact on Cuban society & politics and the economy. This article has been translated by David Cheramie in Brasseaux and Conrad's The Road to Louisiana: the Saint-Domingue Refugees 1792-1809. See "Books" section for particulars of this book.
---------------------. "Un Prêtre Manceau dans l'aventure: Pierre-François de l'Espinasse...et en Louisiane". In La Province du Maine 73 (Oct-Dec 1971):385-410.
A biography of one of the refugee priests who served the French Catholic community in Kingston, Jamaica. There are some discrepancies between this article and Osborne's History of the Catholic Church.
--------------------. "Refugies de Saint-Domingue expulses de la Havane en 1809". In Anuario de Estudios Americanos 35 (1979): 555-610.
A detailed examination of the impact of the Napoleon's excursions into Spain on the French refugees who had resettled in Cuba. Contains a 27-page list of names with various amounts of biographical information.
Debien, Gabriel, and Le Gardeur, René. "Les colons de Saint-Domingue refugies a la Louisiane (1792-1804)". Revue de Louisiane 9 (Winter 1980): 101-140 ; 10 (Winter, Summer 1981): 11-49, 97-141.
A study of the refugees who found their way to Louisiana during the revolts. A translation of this article can be found in Brasseaux and Conrad's The Road to Louisiana... (see book section).
-------------------------------. "Réfugiés de Saint-Domingue aux États-Unis. In Notes d'Histoire Coloniale 27 (1950): 2-138. TULAL F1923.D4
The story of the refugées in the northern U.S., based on letters written to family and friends in France, originating mostly from Philadelphia, some from New York and Baltimore.
Debien, Gabriel, and Philippe Wright. "Les Colons de Saint-Domingue passés a la Jamaïque (1792-1835)". Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire de la Guadeloupe No. 26 (4th trimester 1975): 3-217.
An exhaustive study of the refugees who fled to Jamaica and their life there.
De Cauna-Ladevie, Jacques. "La Diaspora des colons de Saint-Domingue et le monde Créole: Le cas de la Jamaïque". A paper presented at the 25th Conference of the Association of Caribbean Historians, U.W.I., Mona, Jamaica, March 27-April 2, 1993. (Synopsis in English, body in French).
------------------------------------. "Les registres d'état civil anciens des Archives nationales d'Haïti". In Société haitienne d'histoire et de géographie 162 (Mars 1989) as reprinted in Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe, 105 (Juin 1998): 2244-55.
A 12-page study of the conditions and contents of the Archives nationales of Haïti, with abstracts of many records and commentary on various social customs and events as reflected in these records.
-------------------------------------. "The French families of Saint-Domingo and Jamaïca. Louis C. Malabre (manuscrit en 3 volumes, 1948)". In Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe 111: 2406.
A description of the Malabre manuscripts housed in the Institute of Jamaica in Kingston. Includes abstracts of names from all 3 volumes.
Forsyth, Alice, ed. "Santo Domingo Passports". New Orleans Genesis 20 (Mar, Jun, Sep 1981): 235-240, 349-354, 409-416; 21 (Jan, Apr 1982): 65-70, 144-147.
A transcription of the names listed in the last 15 pages of the cash book belonging to the office of the Secretary of Foreign Affairs under the Confederation Congress. It is not known why these passports were listed in an expenditures ledger. These valuable pages list information about American passports issued to persons going to Saint-Domingue. It is not known if all of the persons listed were naturalized U.S. citizens, although comments indicate that some of the passport holders were. These passports seem to co-incide exactly with Toussaint's invitation to the whites to come back and help restore the island's former prosperity. Many entries contain interesting comments.
Fowler, Mrs. Nellie Holmead. "Santo Domingo Passports, 1799-1801". The National Genealogical Society Quarterly 56 (1968): 263-275.
A list of names of applicants (mostly French citizens) to whom travel passports were issued. Strangely enough, these names were recorded in the back of a Department of State Acounts Record "Cash Book 1785-1795", in the Diplomatic, Legal & Fiscal Records of the National Archives (RG#59), and covered 24 pages. They were also published in the New Orleans Genesis 20 and 21 (1981 and 1982). (See above entry)
Frisch, Peter J. "La Recherche Généalogique en Haïti". Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe 36 (March 1992): 538-539 .
This article confirms that there is little or no colonial material left in Haiti. Besides revealing which groups of documents are available where (and their physical condition), the author also provides some insight into early and present social customs, and cites examples of individual cases which suggest how the researcher should approach the challenging task of genealogical research in Haiti.
Frisch, Peter. "Les registres paroiossiaux de l'église catholique de Kingston". In Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe, 111(Janvier 1999):2404.
Detailing of the author's personal search through some of the old registers. Includes abstracts of marriages for 1800-1802.
Gardien, Kent. "The Domingan Kettle: Philadelphian-Emigré Planters in Alabama". The National Genealogical Society Quarterly 76 (Sep 1988): 173-187.
This well-written article is a must for those researchers preparing to dive into the murky waters of Saint-Domingue research. It not only tells the story of the ill-fated Vine and Olive Colony of Alabama and some of the families involved, but it is a definitive guide for Saint-Domingue methodology.
Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe. "Le début de la révolte de Saint-Domingue dans la Plaine du Cap, vécu par Louis de Calbiac". Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe, 48 (Avril 1993): 774-785.
This letter, written to Calbiac's mother in Castillonès, FR details the events of the initial slave uprisings and subsequent civil war in the colony. It is a brutally honest letter, written by a man at the height of his youth, relating the grisly daily occurrences from September 1791 to January 1792.
du Halgouet, Hervé. "Inventaire d'une habitation à Saint-Domingue". In Revue d'histoire des colonies, 4 and 5 (Juillet-Octobre 1933): 215-250.
A study of the family and plantation of Jean Pasquet, Comte de Lugé and others in the plaine de l'Artibonite.
de Laon, J., " 'A L'Ile de la Tortue, Noel 1652-14 Fevrier 1653'. Presentation de Gabriel Debien". In Conjonction, No.152 (Jan 1982): 14-24.
Loker, Zvi. "Inventaire des biens d'Isaac Henriquez Moron, un document inédit de la Grand' Anse, Saint-Domingue". In Conjonction, 152 (January 1982), 6-11.
Nicaud, Réné. "The French Colonists From St. Domingue and, In Particular, Louis Moreau Lislet". New Orleans Genesis 29 (January 1990): 1-11.
Sanz Tapia, Angel. "Refugiados de la Revolucion Francesa en Venezuela (1793-1795)". In Revista de Indias, 47, 181: 833-867. [F1401.R442 TULAL]
Discussion of the French refugees from Martinique and Saint-Domingue in Venezuela, their transportation to Cadiz, Spain, in May and June of 1795, and their disposition afterwards (France, Spain, or Italy).
Scott, Kenneth, Ph.D. "New York's French Newspaper, 1795-1799, Genealogical Data". The Record 120 (Oct 1989): 207-210; 121 (Jan, Apr, Jul 1990): 25-28, 101-103, 149-153.
There is a plethora of unique biographical and genealogical information to be found by those willing to spend some time pouring through tedious, old newspapers with hard-to-read print. This article should be an encouragement and a guide to those planning such a project.
Shannon, Magdaline W. "Bibliography of Saint-Domingue especially for the period of 1700-1804". Revue de la SociétéHaïtienne d'histoire de geographie et de geologie 37, no. 125 (Decembre 1979): 5-55.
An excellent bibliography. 50 pages of sources.
Société Haitienne d'Histoire de Geographie et de Geologie. "Cinquante Années d'Existence (1925-1975)". In Revue de la Société Haitienne d'histoire de geographie et de geologie 36, no. 118 (Mars 1978): 8-31. F1900.S64 [LSUMidl]
This article is a subject/title index to the first 117 issues of the Society's Revue, many articles of which deal with colonial (Saint-Domingue) material
Thésée, Françoise. "Les Assemblees Paroissiales des Cayes à Saint-Domingue (1774-1793)". In Revue de la Société Haïtienne d'Histoire et de Geographie 40 (No. 137, December 1982): 5-212.
This book-length article opens a window on new aspects of colonial life. It describes the inner workings and organization of the geo-political entity known as a paroisse (parish) and its participation in the larger colonial assembly. The last 30 pages consist of biographical notes.
Voorhies, Jacqueline, trans. "The Promised Land? The Acadians in the Antilles, 1763-1764". Attakapas Gazette 11 (Summer 1976): 81-83.
An edited and annotated translation of an unnamed article. explaining why (but not exactly how) the Acadians migrated (sometimes illegally) to the West Indies (a French attempt to rebuild its colonial empire in South America.) This article raises many questions and leaves them unanswered.
Zeringue, Earlene L., ed. "Masonic Lodges of Ile Saint Domingue - 1808". New Orleans Genesis 20 (Sep 1981): 473-479.
A list of names from pamphlets in the Masonic Lodges Imprints collection at the L.S.U. Archives, Hill Memorial Library, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. A "tableau of the Brothers who compose the Mother Lodge Scottish of the Ile Saint-Domingue regularly constituted at the Orient of Jacmel in session at the Orient of Santo Domingo [city of] because of the events of the war, January 24, 1808."
The following journals and quarterlies contain many articles about Saint-Domingue as well as the other French West Indies colonies:
Anuario de Estudios Americanos. Volume 1 begins in 1944; annual. Published by the Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain. F1401.A587 [TULAL, LOY]
Cahier. Volume 1 begins in 1967; quarterly. Published by the Centre de Généalogie et d'histoire des Isles d'Amérique, 30 rue Boissière, 75116 Paris, France.
Cahier. Published by the Institut d'Histoire des Pays d'Outr0e-Mer, 21 rue Gaston de Saporta, 13100 Aix-en-Provence, France.
Caribbean Quarterly. Volume 1 begins in April 1949;
quarterly. Published by the University of the West Indies, Department
of Extramural Studies, Mona, Kingston, Jamaica. F1601.C3 [TULAL]
Caribbean Studies. San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Caribbeana. Volume 1 begins in 1909; quarterly. Published by Mitchell, Hughes, and Clarke, London, England. Last Volume, #6, published in October 1919. 972.9 C277 [TULAL]
Colonial Latin American Historica Review. Volume 1 begins in 1992; quarterly. Published by the Spanish Colonial Research Center, Zimmerman Library, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131.
Conjonction. Volume 1 begins in January, 1946; three times a year. Published by the Institut français d'Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti. F1912.C65 [TULAL only has 5 issues, Nos. 105, 145-46, 150, 151, 152]
Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe. First issue published in January 1989; monthly, except for the July- August issue. Published by the Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe, Pav. 23, 12 Ave. Charles de Gaulle, 78230 Le Pecq, France.
Jamaica Journal. Volume 1 begins in December, 1967; semi-annual. Published by the Institute of Jamaica, 2a Suthermere Rd., Kingston, 10, Jamaica. F1861.J3 [TULAL]
Jamaican Historical Review. Volume 1 begins in June, 1945; every other year. Published by the Jamaica Historical Society, 12-16 East St., Kingston, Jamaica. F1861.J32 [TULAL]
Journal of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society. Volume
1 begins in 1943; quarterly. (Later known as the Barbados Museum
and Historical Society Newsletter.) Published by the Barbados
Museum and Historical Society, The Garrison, St. Michael, Barbados
Journal of Caribbean History.
Journal of Caribbean Studies.
Latin American Research Review. Volume 1 begins in fall, 1965; three times a year. Published by the Latin American Studies Association, William Pitt Union, Ninth Floor, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260. Z1605.L38 [TULAL]
Louisiana History. Volume 1 begins in Winter, 1960; quarterly. Published by the Louisiana Historical Association, P. O. Box 42808, USL, Lafayette, LA. 70504. F366.L6238 [TULADiv]
New Orleans Genesis. Volume 1 begins in January 1962; quarterly. Published by the Genealogical Research Society of New Orleans, P. O. Box 51791, New Orleans, LA 70151. F379.N5N54 [TULADiv, NOPL, LOB, UNO]
Revue de la Faculté d'Ethnologie. Number 1 begins in 1956?; quarterly?. Published by Universite d'État d'Haiti, 2è. Ruelle Hérard No. 7 Bourdon, Port-au-Prince, Haiti. F1912.H35 [TULAL]
Revue de la société haitienne d'histoire, de géographie, et de géologie. Volume 1 begins in ca 1928-30, frequency sometimes irregular. Published by the Société Haitienne d'histoire, de géographie, et de géologie, Ave. Magoire Ambroise, No 138, Port-au-Prince. 972.94 (910.6) R499 [Partial collections at TU, LHC, LSUMidl]
Revue de Louisiane. Volume 1 begins in 1971, semi-annually. Published by the Center for Louisiana Studies, P. O. Box 40040, USL, Lafayette, LA. 70504 F366.R49 [TULADiv]
Revue d'histoire des colonies. (After volume 46, in 1959, the name was changed to Revue Française d'histoire d'outre-mer [JV1801.R4]). Volume 1 begins in 1912, quarterly. Published by the Société Française d'histoire d'outre-mer, 1 et 2, rue Robert-de-Flers, 75015, Paris, France.
Revue française d'histoire d'Outre-Mer. See Revue d'histoire des colonies. 972.9(016) D286tr. [TULAL]
Revista. Volume 1 begins in 1987. Publication suspended
from 1995-1998, resumed in 1999. Published quarterly by the Cuban
Genealogical Society, P. O. Box 2650, Salt Lake City, UT 84110-2650.
Contains indexes to many Cuban church & civil registers and articles pertaining to Cuban genealogy and history.
The Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints. "Haiti", in the Family History Library Locality Catalog. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, 1990. Microfiche.
The starting place for researching one's Saint-Domingue refugee ancestor at the LDS Family History Centers, main or local. This publication contains a listing of all material at the main library in Salt Lake City ,including microfilmed documents (records from the French Archives), journals, and books (many out of print) available to researchers. Microform material only is available on loan through the local Family History Centers.
Of special interest to researchers are the indices to church and civil registers of the colonym on film 1094159-1094166. Notarial indices and consular records are also listed. For a list and detailed explanation of these and other LDS microfilms, see Big 1-2-3 page.
France. Ministère des Finances. État Détaillé des liquidations opérées à l'époque du 1.er Janvier 1828-1832 et les six premiers mois de 1833, par la Commission chargée de répartir l'Indemnité attribuée aux anciens Colons de Saint-Domingue, en exécution de la Loi du 30 avril 1826 et conformément aux dispositions de l'Ordonnance du 9 mai suivant. 6 vols. Paris, France: L'Imprimerie Royale, 1828-1834. HJ8951.F8A3 [UNO has bound photographic reproductions of the original volumes, copied from the set owned by the Library of Congress. Also available at the LOC, UFLG, and on microfiche at TUMf, 4 volumes on microfilm at NOPL.]
These reports to the King of France (referred to as the "Indemnity Reports") were published, one a year, for 6 years. They detailed the claims paid each year to former Saint-Domingue colonists, listing claimants (and heirs), and the location, acreage, description, and value of the property the claim was based on. Those claims that were rejected are not listed in these reports. If you think your ancestor owned property in the colony, consult these published reports. Contact the Archives d'Outre-Mer in France for more detailed information about any names listed in them. For more details, see Big 1-2-3 Page
Many books written about the French colony of Saint-Domingue include at least one map, either a modern rendition or a reproduction of an original. Maps are useful visual aids. They clarify, simplify, amplify, and explain the accompanying text, and give the reader a better understanding of concepts involving time and distance.
There does not seem to be one map to address all aspects of the island-colony of Saint-Domingue (topography, geography, politics, etc.), but I have found the following ones to be most useful in my research:
Ashdown, Peter. Caribbean History in Maps. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad: Longman Caribbean, 1979. G1535.A8 [TULAL]
A simple, but effective outline of Caribbean history, written apparently for high school students. Nonetheless, it is a good distillation of the major causes and events in West Indian history (and pre-history). It provides some interesting highlights and sidelights of and insights into Caribbean society, trade, business, religion. An excellent study aid for those who like maps as visual enhancements.
Belin, Jacques Nicolas, Engineer in the Navy. "A Map of the French Part of St. Domingo". [ca 1790?]. Accession number 1982.114.54, the François Collection, Louisiana State Museum Map Collection, Louisiana Historical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Although this map was published in 1867-68, it was apparently copied from an original drawn in the late 18th century, because it retains all the French colonial geographical names and political divisions and boundaries, even though some spellings have been "anglicized". All features are clearly marked and very legible, a quality often lacking in earlier maps.
- - - - - - - - - - - -. Le petit atlas maritime; recueil de cartes et plans des quatre parties du monde. Multiple volumes. Paris: [n.p.], 1764. [Several plates, numbered 981-995 are available at TULAL in the map case.]
Volume 1 contains at least 15 plates of various views of the colony of Saint-Domingue, including street plans of key towns, roadsteads, and adjacent islands. Excellent detail, sharp drawings.
Mehl, Marcel. "Carte de la Partie Française de St. Domingue d'après la carte manuscrite Ge B SH.146.2.9 du département des Cartes et Plans de la Bibliothèque Nationale", [ca 1953?]. In Description Topographique, Physique, Civile Politique et Historique de la Partie Française de l'isle Saint-Domingue, by Médéric-Louis-Élie Moreau de Saint-Méry, new ed., edited by Blanche Maurel and Etienne Taillemite. 3 vols. Paris: Société de l'histoire des Colonies Françaises et Librairie Larose, 1958. F1923.M785 [TU, UNO, NOPL]
Moya, Casimiro N. de. Atlas de la isla y de la ciudad de Santo Domingo. Edited by E. Rodríguez Demorizi. Santo Domingo, R.D.: Editora Taller, 1979. G1620.M93 1979 [TULAL]
Facsimiles of the author's 1890 map and manuscript notes, with inaccuracies corrected. This atlas contains 101 pages, mostly maps, some in color, all in great detail, and includes the area that was the former French colony of Saint-Domingue. Drawn on a scale of 1.5" = 5 nautical miles - very detailed topography.
National Geographic Magazine. West Indies and Central America"". Washington, DC: The National Geographic Society, 1970.
A very good map of all the islands of the Caribbean (more detailed for the larger islands), annotated with many comments about historical events, etc.
**Ponce, Nicolas & M. Phelipeau. Recueil des Vues des Lieux Principaux de la Colonie Françoise de Saint-Domingue, gravées par les soins de M. Ponce... accompagnées de cartes et plans de la même colonie gravés par les soins de M. Phelipeau...publie pour la première fois en 1791. 2nd ed. Paris: L. Guerin et cie., 1875. 972.94 P793 [TULAL]
30 plates, 1 leaf, 43 numbered illustrations of views of the colony engraved by Ponce and maps of Phelipeau. The original edition (1791) seems to have been intended for inclusion in or use with Moreau de St.-Méry's Description topographique... de l'ile de Saint-Domingue... This 1875 edition was lettered Moreau de Saint-Méry. Atlas 1875.
[Sonis, I.] [Carte de l'Isle St. Domingue dressée pour l'ouvrage de M. L. E. Moreau de St. Mery.", 1796]. In A Calendar of Rochambeau Papers at the University of Florida Libraries, by Laura V. Monti. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Library, 1972. F1923.M77 1972 [TULAL]
This appears to be the map drawn for the original edition of Moreau's Description de la Partie...Isle de Saint-Domingue. The only political border indicated is the international one with Spain; also identified are numerous cities, towns and physical features (rivers, caps, pointes, plaines, mornes.)
Unsigned. "Carte de la Partie française de S. Domingue où sont marqués en diverses Douleurs, Signes, et Numéros, les Arrondissements ou Limites des Paroisses, Quartiers, Jurisdictions, et Com mandemens", [late 18th C.]. In Négociants bordelais et colons de Saint-Domingue, Liaisons d'habitations, Maison Henry Romberg, Bapst et Cie 1783-1793, by Françoise Thésée. Paris: Société Française d'Histoire d'Outre-Mer, 1972. HF3560.B7T45 1972 [TU]
The map for physical and political details. Includes some features not found on other maps, especially smaller rivers. Another map printed on the inside of the front and back covers and flyleaves, is a detailed layout of the plantations, labeled with the names of the owners. The original is in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Cartes et Plans, B5 at #1/50844, Service Hydrographique de la Marine, Paris, France.
Unsigned. "Partie Française de l'ile de Saint Domingue", [ca 1972]. In Le commerce colonial de la France à la fin de l'Ancien Régime: L'évolution du régime de «l'Exclusif» de 1763 à 1789, Tome 1, by Jean Tarrade. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1972. HF3556.T37 1972 [TU]
This map indicates the changes in the boundaries of the three parts of the colony (Nord, Ouest, and Sud) after two different ordonnances du roi. one decreed in 1768, and the other in 1776. This border change would have only a minimal effect on genealogical research.
Affiches Américaines (Cap-Français and Port-au-Prince), 1764-1791.
The Affiches Americaines, the colonial newspaper of Saint-Domingue, which was roughly the equivalent of the "gazette" of the English colonies, was published in the colony under various names, in various towns from 1764 through 1791. Besides containing official govern policy line articles and notices, it also carried ship arrivals, advertisements (placed by colonists) offering services and goods for sale, and other mundane information. The library of the University of Florida at Gainesville has this valuable source on microfilm (24 reels) in its Latin American Collection. (See Moreau de St.-Méry's Description... for a more detailed description).
Archives du Ministère de la France d'Outre-Mer. Colonies, Serie C9A, C9B, C9C. Correspondance générale Saint-Domingue. 1664-1792. (C9A papers microfilmed in Paris in 1973 by the Société Française du Microfilm, 119 rolls, 1664-1772)
The original 141 volumes (in Paris in the Archives Nationales) contain correspondence of the governor, intendant, and other civil and military colonial officials of the colony with various ministers and administrators in France. Many maps, and detailed architectural renderings of buildings, bridges, and other construction projects can also be found in these papers. There are several users' guides, but they are available only in France. The microfilm (available in the Government Documents section at Middleton Library, LSU, Baton Rouge) only go up through 1772. It is not known if the additional 20 years were not microfilmed, or if LSU just does not have them. [LSUMidl, Film 5345]
**The Christian Miltenberger Papers. 1739-1829. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Library of the UNC, Manuscripts Division, Southern Historical Collection, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Click here for a detailed listing of the contents.
The Miltenberber Papers contain records of the private and business dealings of Christian Miltenberger, 1764-1829), physician of New Orleans and husband of Marie Aime Mersier (ca.1803-1841), whose family owned coffee plantations in Santo Domingo. Miltenberger lived in Santo Domingo until 1803, when he moved with his new bride to Cuba. He practiced medicine in New Orleans from around 1809 until his death.
The collection consists of business papers, estate papers, records of medical observations, and family correspondence, of physician Christian Miltenberger and his family. Most are financial and legal papers relating to Miltenberger's medical practice and to the estate of his father-in-law, Antoine Mersier (d. ca. 1795), who
owned coffee plantations and slaves in Saint Domingue.
Miltenberger also had lived in Santo Domingo, then in Cuba (where he bought property and owned slaves), and finally in New Orleans, where, besides his medical practice, he also owned real estate, slaves, and other property in New Orleans and in other parishes. Included are bills, accounts, contracts, inventories, leases, receipts for sales of property, and baptismal and marriage certificates. The small amount of correspondence relates chiefly to family affairs and includes letters from Miltenberger's French relatives in Bordeaux, Mirambeau, and Alsace, who also discussed economic and political conditions in France. Some letters after 1825 relate to the question of indemnity for property losses of French residents of Santo Domingo, which had ceased to be a French colony. Also included are notes and observations on yellow fever and other diseases, accounts with patients in New Orleans, and some data on individual medical cases that Miltenberger treated. Almost all items are in French.
The Dugas-Kerblay Papers. 1754-1830. University of South Carolina, South Caroliniana Library, Columbia, SC.
Papers in this collection include accounts of moneys spent on and received from family affairs in France, legal matters, including deaths in the family and successions; titles to and maps of properties in Saint-Domingue; personal letters and sacramental records from the church parishes in the colony; documents dealing with the Indeminty awards of 1828-1834. Rudimentary calendar available. Calendar available online through the SC Historical Society's website.
**The Jérémie Papers. 1771-1821. University of Florida at Gainesville. University Library. Special Manuscripts Division, Gainesville, FL. Click here for details about the University's "Jeremie Papers Project".
This collection of notarial records contains contracts of marriage, transfers of property, manumission records, wills, inventories of properties, and other documents. They were executed by various notaries in and around the town of Jérémie in the partie du Sud of Saint-Domingue.The bulk of the material is from 1780-1802.
The Lostanges-LeNoir de Rouvray Papers. 1775-1852. University of Alabama, William Stanley Hoole Special Collections Library, Tuscaloosa, AL.
The 380 items in this collection reflect the social, political, and economic disorder in Saint-Domingue, where the Comtesse de Lostanges was an important land owner. A study/calendar of these papers has been published under the title of Une correspondance familiale au temps des troubles de Saint-Domingue; lettres du marquis et de la marquise de Rouvray à leur fille, Saint-Domingue - États-Unis, 1791-1796. Publiées par M. E. McIntosh et B. C. Weber. The study is available at TULAL 972.94 R869c or UNO Special Collections F1938.3 R67
**The Michel Marsaudon Papers. 1788-1802. Georgetown University, Georgetown University Library, Special Collections Division, Washington, D.C. Click here to go to a description of the papers and listings of individual items.
104 folders containing letters, some military service papers, commercial correspondence and other documents of Michel Marsaudon, a young French merchant who traded in various ports in Haiti during the French Revolution and slave revolts. An excellent, 26-page guide to the papers has been published by the University library. Also accessible on the internet through the University's website.
Although this material does not deal specifically with Saint-Domingue research, it is useful in providing direction and background information that would be helpful.
Archives Nationales. Voyage aux iles d'Amérique. [Paris?]: Archives Nationales, 1992.
A handsome catalog of the exhibit of the same name organized by the Archives de France in 1992, which drew on items from numerous private and public collections all over France. A kaleidoscope of images and subjects dealing with the French West Indies, with pertinent commentary written by some of France's most knowledgeable authorities.
Bernard, Gildas. Guide des recherches sur l'histoire des familles. Paris: Archives Nationales, 1988.
This guide discusses in 25 chapters, various archives and sources in France and the information they contain that might be useful to genealogists. Excellent if you are planning a research trip to France, or are writing for information, or are going to hire a researcher.
Chartrand, René. Napoleon's Overseas Army. London: Osprey Publishing, Inc., 1989.
This small (47 pages), but well-done book documents the uniforms of Napoleon's troops overseas. Each colony is discussed, and numerous color plates illustrate the various uniforms (including buttons and color detailing) worn by the enlisted men and officers in the various units.
Eakle and Czerny, eds. The Source, A Guidebook of American Genealogy. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry Publishing Company, 1984. CS68.S687 1984 [TU]
This or any later edition is worth its weight in gold for the content and maps. One drawback - you'll need a magnifying glass to read it, otherwise how could they squeeze the history of the world into 600 pages? Each volume is indexed. Volume one covers the Stone Age through the eve of the French Revolution. Volume two covers from the French Revolution through the American Bicentennial.
**Les villes françaises du Nouveau Monde. Paris: Somogy Editions d'art, 1999.
This lush exhibition catalog contains fine photographic reproductions of original renderings from several of France's most important archives, which are presently on display at the Centre des Archives d'Outre-Mer in Aix-en-Provence, France. The exhibit and the catalog (both of the same name) include maps of towns, drawings of buildings, and plans of fortifications in the new world colonies of France (Canada, Louisiana, the West Indies). They are exciting in their details, even in the reduced format of the catalog, which includes texts, written by experts on the French colonial period. The catalog is enhanced by parallel chronologies (political, colonial, military) for each of the French colonies in the New World, a bibliography, and two indices (of persons and of place names).
Librairie Larousse. Nouveau Petit Larousse. Paris: Librairie Larousse, 1971. AG25.L25 1971. [UNO]
Any recent edition of this chunky little dictionnaire encyclopédique is handy for all French research. It often contains many archaic or specialized terms and concepts not listed in even the most sophisticated translation dictionaries. Although some knowledge of French would be helpful, it is not necessary to use this gem. (Copies of recent editions can often be found in used book stores at a reasonable price.)
Mousnier, Roland. The Institutions of France under the Absolute Monarchy 1598-1789. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. Vols. I and II. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1979. HN425.M6813 1979 [TU]
The glossaries at the ends of both volumes not only provide useful terms translated, and defined in the context of the 20th century, but also provide insight into different facets of French (social, political, economic, etc.) life during these times. Essential for grasping the true meanings of terms in old civil documents (including notarial acts, the censif, land and property records, etc.), and works written during and about the time.
Pontet, Patrick. Ancestral Research In France. Hampshire, GB: chez l'auteur, 1998.
Records of the Saint-Domingue refugees can often be found in French municipal and departemental archives, and this wonderful English-language guide can help you effectively carry out your research in France. Chapters include planning research, parish registers and other ecclesiastical records, civil registers, other useful state records, an excellent chapter on the notarial archives, military records, as well as other useful chapters, including the history and organization of France, cultural and regional differences, printed and electronic research sources, a vocabulary of useful terms, addresses, and suggestions (and usable sample letters) for researching by mail. Available from the author, 31 Collingwood Walk, Andover, Hampshire SP10 1PU, Great Britain.
Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraibe
12 Avenue Charles De Gaulle
78230 Le Pecq, France
Société d'Histoire d'Outre-Mer
1 et 2, rue Robert-de-Flers
75015 Paris, France
Centre de Généalogie et d'Histoire des Isles
30 rue Boissière
75116 Paris, France
Saint-Domingue Special Interest Group
c/o Augusta B. Elmwood
1514 Saint Roch Avenue
New Orleans, Louisiana 70117-8347
Association Généalogique d'Haïti
c/o Gilles Hudicourt
Laval, Quebec, Canada H7Y 1H6
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