Clan Sliochd Sheumais mhic Alistir mhic Dhunachy of
The Stewarts of Glenbuckie, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland
A Cadet Branch of the Stewarts of Glenbuckie
Including one of the Stewart families in Ardcheanochdan
Connected to the Stewarts in Glen Finglas
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This page is part of the Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group Web Site jointly hosted by myself, Ryk Brown, and my research partner, Chuck Speed. The research presented on this page is not ours alone. It is the product of all the Fellow Researchers of the Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group. We are indebted to them for their generous contributions. This page is intended as a place for researchers to freely and cooperatively share our research with each other. The first-time reader is advised to begin with the introduction found on the Principal Families Page before proceeding on with this page.
The Stewarts of Sliochd Sheumais mhic Alistir mhic Dhunachy were a cadet branch of the Stewarts of Glenbuckie. Please refer to the Glenbuckie page for a full introduction. This family also had one cadet line who resided in Ardcheanochdan near the foot of Glen Finglas. Please refer to the Stewarts in Glen Finglas page for a full introduction to the Glen Finglas Stewarts.
III Branch of the Stewarts of Glenbuckie resided primarily at Ardcheanochdan in Strathgartney on the north shore of Loch Achray (as shown in the map above). The farmstead of Ardcheanochdan is long gone and in its place now stands An Tigh Mor ("The Big House"), formerly The Trossachs Hotel and now a luxury condominium. (Shown in the photo at right.)
Ardcheanochdan derives from the Gaelic ard cean nan cnocan which means "height of the head of the little hill". It is pronounced "arst-kee-an-nochk-kan" (with the emphasis on the underlined syllables.) (Note: the 'chd' is pronounced as 'chk'.)
The lands of Ardcheanochan in Strathgartney were held at the end of the 15th century by Patrick Stewart, youngest son of James Beag Stewart, 1st of Baldorran. Patrick also acquired the lands of nearby Blairgarry. He had a son, Robert, styled as "of Blairgarry" in 1502.
According to Stewarts of the South, Ardcheanochdan was divided into four portions and was shared by four tenant families, including this family, and Branch III of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran.
At the close of the description of this family in Stewarts of the South, the author says:
This finishes the first Branch of Sliochd Sheumais Mhic Alastir mhic Dhunachy, a real friendly & Clanish Branch.
It is here that we find the patronymic for this clan: Sliochd Sheumais mhic Alistir mhic Dhunachy which means "Children of James son of Alexander son of Duncan." This patronymic is very helpful in helping us identify the origins and first three generations of this family as it tells us that the family descends from a James Stewart who was the son of an Alexander Stewart who was in turn the son of a Duncan Stewart of the Stewarts of Glenbuckie family. The Duncan in question is believed to be Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie, which would mean that this family descends from Duncan's son Alexander and his son James.
However the patronymic can be interpreted two ways, as the Duncan in question could also be Duncan Stewart, son of Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie. A convincing case can be made for either interpretation.
Stewarts of the South opens its description of this branch with the following:
Duncan Stewart, brother to Iain Du Beg of Glenbuckie had three sons.
The Iain Du Beg mentioned here is John Dubh Beag Stewart, natural son of Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie (shown in the table below). This reference would seem to imply that III Branch descends from Duncan Stewart, son of Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie. However, the line from Stewarts of the South seems linguistically out of place in its present location and it's possible that it may actually be the closing line from the previous section for Branch II which covers the descendants of John Dubh Beag Stewart, rather than the opening line of Branch III. As such it may only mean that John Dubh Beag Stewart's younger brother Duncan had three sons. It may not be intended to infer that those sons were the progenitors of Branch III.
The following table shows the two possible interpretations of the clan patronymic, with two the different Duncans each having a son named Alexander and a grandson named James (thus "James son of Alexander, son of Duncan"). The two possible interpretations are shown by the blue and red:
Duncan STEWART , 5th (7th) of Glenbuckie had the following legitimate sons:
- John Dubh (Mor) STEWART , in Glen Finglas and 6th (8th) of Glenbuckie
- Walter STEWART, Forester of Menteith in Benvenue
Duncan had the following natural (illegitimate) sons:
John Dubh Beag STEWART, of Muirlaggan and Ledcreich
- Alexander STEWART (son of Duncan)
- James STEWART (son of Alexander, son of Duncan)
Alexander STEWART (son of Duncan), 1st of Ardcheanochdan
James STEWART (son of Alexander, son of Duncan)
- Patrick STEWART
The argument in favour of the red interpretation is that the author of Stewarts of the South opens this section by making reference to Duncan Stewart, brother of John Dubh Beag Stewart, mentioning that Duncan had three sons, thus implying that one of those sons was Alexander from whom this family descends.
The argument in favour of the blue interpretation is that it makes more sense to name a clan patronymic after the head of a major family rather than naming it after one of his younger illegitimate sons. Thus, given the choice between deriving the patronymic from Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie, or his illegitimate son, Duncan Stewart, it seems preferable to draw the descent from the father, Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie. It is on this basis alone that we presently prefer the blue interpretation. Gordon MacGregor is his book, The Landed Families of Strathearn, favours the red interpretation. Both are possible.
The Ardvorlich History mentions the following two persons in Ardcheanochan:
1717- Alexander in Ardkindachrechan
1737- John in Al'dkinakrokan
The following reference has just been discovered and may be the source of the preceding 1717 reference:
Callander OPR: 1717; Alexander Steuart in Glenfinglas and Mary McGrigor in Ardoheanibrockar had a son (begotten in Fornication) born 10th and baptised 18th October called James
Mitchell's Monumental Inscriptions for Southern Perthshire contains no monumental inscriptions that appear to match this family.
We show the origin of this family as:
Alexander STEWART 1st of Ardcheanochdan b: ABT 1589 in Glenbuckie, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland as a natural son of Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie. A challenging reading of Stewarts of the South seems to indicate that Alexander was patriarch of III Branch Sliochd Sheumais mhic Alistir mhic Dhunachy or "Children of James son of Alexander son of Duncan"; IV Branch "Craiglevan Stewarts", a.k.a. Sliochd Dhonal mhic Alastair mhic Dhonachie, or "Children of Donald son of Alexander son of Duncan", and referred to as "Donald Stewart brother to foresaid James"; and V Branch "Lorrachan Stewarts", described as descended from "James McAlistir foresaid". Thus, these three branches descend from James and his brother Donald who were both sons of Alexander, son of Duncan. The key question is from which Duncan do they descend? There are two clear possibilities: 1. Duncan, 5th of Glenbuckie, in which case the son Alexander would be this Alexander and the James and Donald would be his sons; or 2. Duncan, son of Duncan, 5th of Glenbuckie, in which case the descendant branches shown here would descend from this Alexander's brother Duncan. There is no sure way to tell which is correct. One must ask which makes more sense, that a clan would name itself after the estate laird or after his third son? Either is possible. The first is preferred on the basis of pure logic. However Stewarts of the South introduces Branch III with the following: "Duncan Stewart, brother to Iain Du Beg of Glenbuckie, had three sons." This would seem to imply that Branches III, IV & V descend from Duncan, son of Duncan 5th of Glenbuckie as MacGregor shows. At present, these three lines descending from Alexander, son of Duncan, 5th of Glenbuckie. Thus we suggest that Alexander had the following sons:
Alexander STEWART 3rd of Ardcheanochdan b: ABT 1645 in Glenfinglas, Callander, Perthshire, Scotland, shown above as a son of James mac Alasdair mhic Donnachaidh Stewart, 2nd of Ardcheanochdan and 1st of Edraleachdach. Alexander is described in Stewarts of the South as the patriarch of the Stewarts of Glenbuckie III Branch Sliochd Sheumais mhic Alistir mhic Dhunachy or "Children of James son of Alexander son of Duncan". This family appears to have inherited one of the 1/8 portions of Glenfinglas and seems to have resided primarily in Ardcheanochdan in Strathgartney. Alexander is suggested as the father of:
This line is described in Stewarts of the South as:
Alexander, his successor (shown in the original as 1 Line, likely the reference means that Alexander was the lineal heir to James son of Alexander son of Duncan after whom this branch is named. But it is unclear if this Alexander is identical to the next Alexander in Ardcheanchnock, just below, or whether this Alexander is the father of the next three.)
Alexander Stewart late tacksman [in] Ardcheanchnock left one son:
- James, a grocer in Glasgow [who is] a well doing and industrious man. [He has]
- three sons
- James, of [whom] descended:
James Stewart formerly Tenant in Glenfinglas again of Ardcheanenock, Locheathrin [Loch Katrine] [on] Drummond's estate [in] Calander parish. They were long time foresters of Glenfinglas under [the] Glenbuckie family
Alexander STEWART 4th of Ardcheanochdan b: ABT 1675 in Ardcheanochdan, Callander, Perthshire, Scotland, shown above as a son of Alexander Stewart, 3rd of Ardcheanochdan. Alexander's first name is not confirmed. It is suggested by onomastics. Alexander is suggest as the father of:
This family began in Ardcheanochdan and then moved to Corriechrombie (Coireachrombie) in Strathyre.
This line is described in Stewarts of the South as:
John Stewart, once tacksman Ardcheanchnock now in Coircromby near Callander [which property was] purchased by the Earl of Murray from Drummond of Perth. This lot consist of Bochastill, Tarndown & Coircromby which cost £15000. [The] foresaid John [is] yet alive [and has] four sons:
- James, a Lieutenant [who] died in east India
- Duncan, who made application to yourself for a letter [and has] gone to the west Indies and is doing well
- Alexander, a cattle dealer with his father
- Donald, [who is] at home with himself
John Stewart is an honest man pays £75 of rent
We account for this family as follows:
Son STEWART of Glenbuckie Branch III.2 b: ABT 1675 in Ardcheanochdan, Callander, Perthshire, Scotland, shown above as a son of Alexander Stewart, 3rd of Ardcheanochdan. This son's name is not known. He is suggested as the father of:
John STEWART in Ardcheanochdan and Corriechrombie b: ABT 1750 in Perthshire, Scotland, shown above as a son of James Stewart in Ardcheanochdan. John is described in Stewarts of the South as: "John Stewart, once tacksman Ardcheanchnock now in Coircromby near Callander [which property was] purchased by the Earl of Murray from Drummond of Perth. This lot consist of Bochastill, Tarndown & Coircromby which cost £15000. [The] foresaid John [is] yet alive [and has] four sons: James, Duncan, Alexander and Donald." John married on 25 APR 1779 in Callander, Perthshire, Scotland to Christian STEWART in Ardveich b: ABT 1742 in Ardveich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland, daughter of John Stewart in Wester Ardveich. Christian was previously married to John Stewart, son of John Ban Mor Stewart in Auchnahard. John and Christian had the following family:
Alexander STEWART b: ABT 19 FEB 1786 in Corriechrombie in Strathyre, Callander, Perthshire, Scotland. Alexander is described in Stewarts of the South as: "Alexander, a cattle dealer with his father." Alexander is found in 1841 and 1851 residing in Corriechrombie with his wife and some of their children. Alexander is recorded as a widower at the time of his death. Alexander married on 18 JAN 1822 in Callander, Perthshire, Scotland to Margaret MCKINLAY b: 1796 in Callander, Perthshire, Scotland, daughter of John McKinlay and Mary McVean. Alexander and Margaret had the following children:
The following obit has been found which potentially conflicts with above. The conflict is under investigation: CLINTON NEW ERA: July 2, 1886; p4,c6. Died:- STEWART - In Tuckersmith, at his residence, on theHuron road, on June 25th, Mr John STEWART, a native of Perthshire, Scotland, aged 62 years.
The original accounting of this family in Stewarts of the South is quite confusing. There is no "3 Line" in the original text. The author skips from 2 Line to 4 Line but shows the following John and Donald in a place where it would appear that 3 Line should be. Thus it seems most likely that the author simply omitted the heading, so we have re-inserted it. This family consists simply of two brothers: John Stewart in Duart in Glen Finglas and Donald Stewart in Aldannabreach. Aldannabreach is said to have been in Aberfoyle but we have been unable to locate it on modern or historic maps. Further information on Duart can be found on our Glen Finglas page.
Stewarts of the South describes this family as:
An unknown Stewart was the father of the following:
- John Stewart, [who is a] tacksman [in] Duard [or Duart] [in] Glenfinglas
- [He] had three sons
- His brother Donald [in] Aldanobreach [in] Aberfoil
- [He has] one son.
However, the author then appears to repeat the entry for Donald again as 5 Line:
Donald Stewart [is a] cottager [in] Aldannabreach [in] Aberfoil [on the] Duke of Montrose['s] estate. [Donald] is [a] brother to John Stewart [in] Wester Bridge of Turk:
- [He has] one son.
Aldanobreach in Aberfoil and Aldannabreach in Aberfoil are the same place. Thus it would appear that 3 Line and 5 Line are duplicates. It's also possible that there were two sets of brothers with exactly the same names and that both Donalds resided in the same place. As Duart is in Glen Finglas and Brig o' Turk is at the foot of Glen Finglas and both of these properties were Glenbuckie family properties, it's quite possible that John Stewart in Duart of 3 Line and John Stewart in Wester Brig o' Turk in 5 Line are the same person and that the author duplicated the earlier entry -- at least that is how we are presently interpreting it.
Given the lack of detail and lack of forenames for this family we have not been able to identify them in parish records as of yet. We account for this family as follows:
Son STEWART of Glenbuckie Branch III.3 b: ABT 1705 in Callander, Perthshire, Scotland, shown above as a son of "John" Stewart, son of Alexander Stewart, 3rd of Ardcheanochdan. This son's name is not known. He is shown in Stewarts of the South to be the father of the following two brothers:
This family resided initially in Duart presumably with their cousins above. See above for a map of Duart. This family is described in Stewarts of the South as:
(John Dubh Stewart is inferred from the following references to be the father of:)
- Alexander, son to Iain Dubh [Black John]. [Alexander was in] Duard [in] Glenfinglas [and] left three sons:
- Alastir mac Iain Duibh (There is clearly an error in the accounting here. It is unlikely that John Dubh had two sons named Alexander. It is more likely that this is a duplicate entry for the same person. Our present interpretation is that Alexander had three sons in Duart and then moved to Arran.) [He] went to the isle of Arran and left a family there
- Donald mac Iain Duibh taken to Holland by the Honble Gen John Stewart Grand uncle to the present Earl of Murray. He died a Major in the Army & left a family in England
- Walter Stewart once Tacksman of one eighth of Glenfinglas left two sons - now cottagers Duncragan Sir Pat Murrays estate Callander parish bought from Perth family
- two sons
- Duncan Stewart his brother [is a] shepherd in Leadchrich [in the] Braes of Balquhidder. [He has] two sons [who are] minors.
- One of them [is] John Stewart [who is] one of the eight sharers of the glen, rent £105. [He has]
- two sons who are minors
We have not been able to identify any of these persons in parish records as of yet. Our present accounting of this family is as follows:
Son STEWART of Glenbuckie Branch III.4 b: ABT 1710 in Callander, Perthshire, Scotland, shown above as a son of "John?" Stewart, son of Alexander Stewart, 3rd of Ardcheanochdan. His name is not known. He was father of:
Only match for Walter's children:
Walter STEWART and Elisabeth ROBERTSON. No marriage found. These are the only children in the IGI and the OPR.
James STEWART and Katharine MCEWAN
John Stewart and Janet Stewart in Ardcheanochdan ("Iain Dubh"?) (no marriage)
James STEWART and Mary MILLER (no marriage)
Alexander STEWART and Mary MCGRIGOR in Glenfinglas and Ardcheanochdan
Donald Fisher and Mary Stewart in Ardcheanochdan, m. 25 MAY 1728 in Callander
James STEWART and Mary STEWART (no marriage, another James and Mary Stewart were m. 15 AUG 1740 in Callander and resided in Groddich)
Patrick FERGUSON and Anna/Anne STEWART in Ardcheanochdan, m. 21 MAY 1732 in Callander (OPR)
William STEWART and Mary STEWART (m. 10 NOV 1722 in Balq?)
Alexander STEWART and Elizabeth STEWART, m 3 DEC 1730 in Callander
Duncan STEWART and Elizabeth Walker
Malcolm MCCALLUM and Janet STEWART
James STEWART, tacksman of Ardceannochdan and Jean BUCHANAN
James STEWART and Jean STEWART
Alexander STEWART and Christian [illeg] in Easter Ardcheanochdan (see Alexander Stewart and Christian KING in Corriechrombie)
Alexander Stewart and Christian King
Duncan STEWART and Anne/Agnes STEWART
John STEWART and Janet FERGUSON
John STEWART and Mary MCFARLANE
William STEWART and Christian STEWART
Donald McKinlay and Mary Stewart in Corriechrombie
Patrick Miller and Catherine Stewart
John Wright (McIntyre) and Janet Stewart
Dugal Macleran and Christian Stewart
Alexander Stewart and Christian King
Patrick Stewart and Helen Stewart
James Stewart and Anne Malcolm/MacAllum
Duncan Stewart and Jean Stewart in Duncraggan
ARDKINOCHROCKAN (prob DCR)
1717- Alexander in Ardkindachrechan
1737- John in Al'dkinakrokan
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ABT = "about" and is used in three ways:
Where it precedes a precise date of birth, such as "ABT 3 DEC 1855", then it means that the person was baptized on 3 DEC 1795, but his/her exact date of birth is unknown.
Where it precedes a semi-precise date of birth with the month only given, such as "ABT DEC 1855", then that means that the birth is recorded in the civil birth registrations for the quarter ending with that month. Thus the person's birth was registered sometime between the beginning of October 1855 and the end of December 1855, but no baptism record has been found nor any more precise birth record.
Where it precedes a year only, such as "ABT 1855", then it means that there is no information on the person's birth date at all and an educated guess has been made that he/she was probably born sometime around 1855.
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This page was last updated on February 18, 2011
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