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Stewart HOME Discussion Forum Principal Families Ardvorlich Glenbuckie Gartnafuaran Annat GlenfinglasStewart of Ardvorlich

The Stewarts of Ardvorlich,
Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland

The senior branch of the Stewarts of Balquhidder

Discuss this family with fellow researchers at:

STEWARTS OF BALQUHIDDER DISCUSSION FORUM

"Our subject leads us to talk of deadly feuds..."
-- Sir Walter Scott, A Legend of Montrose

Contents

Click on any of the following to be taken to that section or page.

Contents of this page

  1. Introduction

  2. Ancestors of Ardvorlich

  3. Ardvorlich

  4. Dundurn Chapel

  5. Alexander Stewart, 1st of Ardvorlich

    1. The Murder of John Drummond-Ernoch

  6. Maj. James Baeg Stewart, 2nd of Ardvorlich

    1. The Murder of Lord Kilpont

  7. Robert Stewart, 3rd of Ardvorlich

  8. James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich

  9. Robert Stewart, 5th of Ardvorlich

  10. Robert Stewart, 6th of Ardvorlich

  11. Stewart of Balimeanach and Ardvorlich

    1. William Stewart, 1st of Balimeanach

    2. Robert Stewart, 2nd of Balimeanach

    3. William Stewart (Steuart), 3rd of Balimeanach

  12. Robert Stewart (Steuart), 7th of Ardvorlich

  13. William Stewart, 8th of Ardvorlich

  14. John Stewart, 12th of Ardvorlich

  15. Cadet Branches

  16. The Clach Dearg

  17. The Ardvorlich Lands

  18. Research Leads

  19. Links

  20. Sources

  21. Index & Personal Information Pages (GEDCOM)

  22. Legend

  23. Contact

Links to other pages on the Stewarts of Balquhidder web site

  1. Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group Home Page
  2. Stewarts of Balquhidder Discussion Forum
  3. Stewarts of Balquhidder Principal Families

    1. Stewarts of Ardvorlich

      1. Stewart of Laggan

      2. Stewart of Ardvorlich Branch III

      3. Stewart of Ardvorlich Branch IV

      4. Stewart of Ardvorlich Branch V

      5. Stewart of Ardvorlich Branch VI

      6. Stewarts of Dalveich

      7. Stewarts of Hythie

    2. Stewarts of Glenbuckie

    3. Stewarts of Gartnafuaran

    4. Stewarts of Annat

    5. Stewarts of Garchell

    6. Stewarts in Glenfinglas

    7. Other (non-related) Stewart Families

  4. Stewarts of the South Document Analysis

    1. Section I - Ardvorlich

    2. Section II - Glenbuckie

    3. Section III - Gartnafuaran

    4. Section IV - Miscellany

  5. Balquhidder Births with Stewart Surname - Grouped by Family & Location

  6. Ryk Brown's Main Page
  7. Ryk Brown's Index and Online Database
  8. Chuck Speed's Stewart Page
  9. Ardvorlich Photo Page
  10. The Drummonds of Drummonderinoch

Introduction


Ardvorlich Arms

Welcome to my page on the Stewarts of Ardvorlich, Perthshire, Scotland.  This page is part of my personal family history website and represents one of my own ancestral lines.

This page is also part of the Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group Web Site jointly hosted by myself, Ryk Brown, and my research partner, Chuck Speed.  The research presented on this page is not ours alone.  It is the product of all the Fellow Researchers of the Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group.  We are indebted to them for their generous contributions.  This page is intended as a place for researchers to freely and cooperatively share our research with each other.  The first-time reader is advised to begin with the introduction found on the Principal Families Page before proceeding on with this page.

This page introduces you to the Stewarts of Ardvorlich who live at Ardvorlich, Comrie Parish, Perthshire, Scotland.  They are the senior branch of the Stewarts of Balquhidder.  The Stewarts of Balquhidder are a Highland clan in much the same way as the better known Clan Stewart of Appin.  The Stewarts of Balquhidder include the Stewart families of Ardvorlich, Glenbuckie, Annat, and Gartnafuaran, all of whom descended from Robert Stewart, King Robert II of Scots.

The Stewarts of Ardvorlich established themselves at Ardvorlich on the south shore of Loch Earn, straddling the parishes of Balquhidder to the west and Comrie to the east, in Perthshire, Scotland.  They were a notorious clan whose early exploits were fictionalized by Sir Walter Scott in his book, A Legend of Montrose.  They were involved in the proscriptions against Clan Gregor which led to all of the MacGregor name being mercilessly hunted.  They were involved in brazen cattle raids, murder, and magic.  They had dealings with the notorious Rob Roy MacGregor.  And the Stewarts of Ardvorlich still occupy the same property today as their earliest ancestor, Alexander Stewart, 1st Ardvorlich, did over 400 years ago.

If you are following my own family line, the "Comrie Stewarts" of Puslinch, Ontario, Canada, then we are descended from the Stewarts of Dalveich, a cadet branch of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich, descended from an illegitimate son of James Stewart, 2nd Ardvorlich, discussed below.

Ancestors of Ardvorlich

For a discussion on the ancestors of the Ardvorlich family, please refer to the Principal Families of the Balquhidder Stewarts page.


Ardvorlich House
Photo by Ryk Brown, ©2005 Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group

Ardvorlich


Ardvorlich
www.multimap.com

Ardvorlich house
Ardvorlich House
© Copyright Kevin Rae and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

Ardvorlich is located roughly midway along the south shore of Loch Earn ("The Lake of the Irish") in Perthshire, Scotland (see map below).  It is located at the west end of the parish of Comrie, but it closely borders with the neighbouring parish of Balquhidder.  The current laird of Ardvorlich is Alexander (Sandy) Stewart, 15th of Ardvorlich.  Ardvorlich, in Gaelic, is Ard Mhor an t-Sluic, which means "the high lands (or shielings) of the great hollow".  Ardvorlich is located at the foot of Benvorlich ("the mountain of the great hollow").

Loch Earn, ca 1860
viewed from the west with Edinample Castle on the right and Ardvorlich House just beyond.
(click to enlarge)

 

Ben Vorlich
with Ardvorlich in the foreground, viewed from Dalveich.
(Photo by Gordon MacGregor)
(click to enlarge)

 

Ben Vorlich
viewed from Ardvorlich
(photo c/o Brian Stewart)
(click to enlarge)

 

Map of Balquhidder

Map of Balquhidder area
(click to enlarge)

 

More photos of Ardvorlich and surrounding area can be found on our
Ardvorlich Photo Page


Dundurn "Hill fort of a Fist" (viewed from beside the chapel)
Photo by Ryk Brown, ©2005 Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group


Dundurn Chapel (located in a tree lot not far from the base of Dundurn Hill.)
Photo by Ryk Brown, ©2005 Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group

Dundurn Chapel

Burial Ground for the Stewarts of Ardvorlich

Just west of Loch Earn is the mediaeval chapel of Dundurn.  Dundurn derives from the Gaelic dun dórn which means "fort of the fist."  So named because the hill is shaped like a fist.  Dundurn was the location of an early Pictish hill-fort or castle and was the seat of one of the early Pictish Kingdoms

This Pre-Reformation chapel was dedicated to St. Fillan and became disused after the Reformation.  It is now a ruin.  The chapel burial grounds are reserved for members of the family of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich.  The interior of the chapel is reserved for the burials of the early clan chiefs.


The Ardvorlich Stones in Dundurn Chapel. 
These stones mark the burials of the early Chiefs of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich.
Photo by Ryk Brown, ©2005 Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group

Mitchell's Monumental Inscriptions describes the burials in Dundurn Chapel:

26  (in chapel ruin) This chapel, dedicated in early times to ST. Finnan (sic) the Leper, has been since 1586, the burial place of the sept or clan of STEWART of Ardvorlich.  At the east end lie the bodies of the following chiefs of that race:

Alexander STEWART (1st) of Ardvorlich and wife Margaret Drummond (of) Drummonderinoch 1618;
Major James STEWART (2nd) of Ardvorlich and wife Barbara MURRAY (of) Buchanty 1662;
Robert STEWART (3rd) of Ardvorlich and wife Jean DRUMMOND, Cormie, 1680;
James STEWART (4th) of Ardvorlich and wife Elizabeth BUCHANAN of that Ilk, 1698;
(Robert Stewart, 5th of Ardvorlich is noticeably absent from the list.)
Robert STEWART (6th) of Ardvorlich, died unmarried, 1760;
Robert STEWART (7th) of Ardvorlich and wife Margaret STEWART of Annat, 1760;
William STEWART (8th) of Ardvorlich 1838 and his wife Helen MAXTONE (of) Cultoquhey, 1853;
Robert STEWART (9th) of Ardvorlich died unmarried 1854;
Col. Robert STEWART of the Bengal Staff Corps, 10th of Ardvorlich, 6 JUN 1882, age 52; daughter Charlotte 13 APR 1918, age 55; Allan MacAulay.

Also of the family James STEWART (1800-1810), Anthony STEWART, student of medicine, 1807-1827, Marjory STEWART of Ardvorlich Cottage, 1805-1878, Georgina Marjory STEWART, born 1871 and died at Strathyre 1873, William Charles Robert STEWART born 1861, killed at Ardvorlich by accident 1875,

Alexander Stewart, 1st of Ardvorlich

In the year 1580, Alexander Stewart (born ca. 1557), the grandson of Walter Stewart, the 2nd Royal Baillie of Balquhidder, acquired the property Ardvorlich as a freeholder of the Crown. Ardvorlich is located on the southern shore of Loch Earn (meaning "Lake of the Irish") in western Highland Perthshire. The Stewarts of Ardvorlich have held the estate for over 400 years and continue to do so to this day.  The present laird is also named Alexander "Sandy" Stewart.

Alexander (or "Alistair") Stewart, 1st of Ardvorlich, was the son of James Stewart, 4th of Baldorran and his wife, a daughter of Stewart of Glenbuckie.  (Some sources incorrectly show Alexander as the son of William Stewart, 3rd of Baldorran and his wife, Euphemia Reddoch.)  Alexander Stewart was the brother of John Stewart, ancestor of the Annat Stewarts (some sources incorrectly show John of Annat as a son of Alexander of Ardvorlich).

Alexander Stewart of Ardvorlich became chief of the Clan Mac-Mhic-Bhaltair, which means "sons of the son of Walter". Alexander was given Letters of Reversion, with consent of his wife and eldest son, James, for the lands of Lurg, for 500 merks Scots, in favour of John Drummond of Drummonderinoch, on 3 Dec 1609.

Events involving the families of Drummonderinoch and Ardvorlich would soon lead to the outlawing of the name MacGregor, a proscription that lasted for over 100 years, and a bounty on the head of anyone known to be a MacGregor.  The story is told by Sir Walter Scott in his novel, A Legend of Montrose, under the guise of the house of Darnlinvarach. This story goes like this:

The Murder of John Drummond of Drummonderinoch

[Warning - this story is rather gruesome]

Alexander Stewart of Ardvorlich was married to Margaret Drummond of Drummonderinoch. Her brother, John Drummond, 4th Laird of Drummonderinoch, was keeper of the royal forest near Balquhidder. One day John caught a group of MacGregors poaching in the forest. As punishment for poaching he cut off their ears and sent them home humiliated. (Some versions say that John Drummond hanged the poachers as this was their second offence, and that he clipped their ears on their first offence.)

The poachers ran home to their clansmen who were outraged at the humiliation brought upon their kin by John Drummond. The MacGregors vowed to have their revenge on Drummonderinoch and set out after him. When they found him, they killed him, cut off his head, wrapped his head in their tartan, and headed off to visit Drummond's sister at the house of Ardvorlich.

When they arrived at Ardvorlich they found Alexander Stewart away and Margaret home alone. They asked for hospitality and were invited in. (In Highland culture, hospitality is an extremely important virtue. It would be a significant social sin to refuse hospitality to anyone at your door.) Margaret quickly brought bread, cheese, and drink, and then went off to the kitchen to prepare a more substantial meal for her guests. While Margaret was out of the room the MacGregors took the severed head of her brother and placed it on the dining table. They then proceeded to stuff her brother's mouth with the bread and cheese she had brought them.

When Margaret returned to the dining room with the meal for her guests she was greeted by the gruesome severed head of her brother disgraced with her hospitable offerings. Margaret became hysterical (understandably) and ran from the house into the forest not to be heard from for days. To compound matters, Margaret was also pregnant at the time and nearly full-term.

When Alexander returned home, he was distraught and combed the woods for his pregnant wife, but to no avail. Servants claimed to see glimpses of Margaret on the fringes of the forest but then she would disappear into the trees again before anyone could catch her. Eventually she did return home, but with a surprise. According to family legend, while she'd been away in the forest she gave birth to her child, a son, James.

bullet"Margaret ran up Ben Voirlich where she had her baby at a place now called the Lady's loch. It lies high up the mountain side (the mountains are about 2500 feet in height)." -- Peter McNaughtan, formerly of Comrie (private correspondence, 2003)
bulletSome MacGregor descendants today claim that the MacGregors were wrongly accused.  This matter is discussed more fully on my Drummonderinoch Page.

All lands and title were stripped from the MacGregors. The name MacGregor itself was outlawed. Anyone found using the name MacGregor could be killed without consequence. MacGregors either had to change their names or flee to the hills to avoid being killed. Anyone who was accused of a crime and who was able to capture or kill a MacGregor would receive a full pardon for their crime, regardless of how severe the crime was -- even murderers were pardoned if they could bring a MacGregor to heel.  This proscription lasted for over 100 years before it was finally lifted!

A Brazen Cattle Raid on Lennox

Lest one be mistaken so as to think that the Ardvorlich Stewarts were only the victims of crime and violence, in 1592 Alistair (Alexander) Stewart of Ardvorlich led a cattle raid on Drumquhassil near Drymen in Lennox.  Now cattle raiding into the Lowlands was certainly not uncommon among Highland clans.  Highlanders were known to slip down in the dead of night into the Lowland farms, sneak away with a few head, and disappear into the darkness of the night time Highland hills.  However Alistair Stewart of Ardvorlich apparently felt no need for the cover of darkness nor anything quite so clandestine.  He felt so confident that he marched down into the Lennox in the middle of the day with his clan behind him and two bagpipers leading the way announcing their impending arrival.

According to James Stewart in The Settlements of Western Perthshire, "...from the writ against the Stewarts of Ardvorlich for their raiding of the Lennox in 1592.  The spoil consisted of three hundred sheep, one hundred and ninety-six cattle, and sixty-six horses. p73

Another interesting fact about this raid is that the Stewarts of Ardvorlich's former residence of Baldorran was also located in Lennox about 10 miles from Drumquhassil.  So they were really poaching their own former neighbours!

Alexander Stewart married to Margaret DRUMMOND, daughter of John Drummond 3rd of Drummonderinoch.  Alexander and Margaret had the following children:

  1. Has Children Janet STEWART , of Ardvorlich b: ABT 1580 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  Janet is shown in Duncan Stewart's 1739 History of the Stewarts as having married Duncan Stewart of Glenogle.  There was only one Duncan of Glenogle who would be contemporary with Janet.  Thus we show that Janet STEWART married Duncan McRobert STEWART, 3rd in Glenogle
    1. Their descendants are presented on the Glenogle page.
  2. Has Children Isabel STEWART , of Ardvorlich b: ABT 1585 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  Isabel married to her second-cousin, John Stewart, 6th of Glenbuckie.
    1. Their descendants are presented on the Glenbuckie Page.
  3. Has Children James Beag STEWART , 2nd of Ardvorlich b: ABT OCT 1589 in Lady's Loch on Ben Vorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  His information and descendants are presented below.
  4. Has No Children "John" STEWART b: ABT 1591 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  There is no documentary evidence that such a John existed, however onomastic evidence would suggest that Alexander and Margaret would have had a second son named John who, if he existed at all, presumably died as a child.
  5. Has No Children "Alexander" STEWART b: ABT 1593 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  There is no documentary evidence that such an Alexander existed, however onomastic evidence would suggest that Alexander and Margaret would have had a third son named Alexander who, if he existed at all, presumably died as a child.
  6. Has Children William STEWART , 1st of Balimeanach b: ABT 1595 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  William's information and descendants are presented below.  The descendants of William later became the principal line of Ardvorlich after the line of James Beag died out.  The present laird of Ardvorlich is descended from this line.
  7. Has Children Margaret STEWART , of Ardvorlich b: ABT 1598 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  Margaret married her distant cousin Andrew Stewart, 6th of Gartnafuaran.
    1. Their descendants are presented on the Gartnafuaran Page.
  8. Has Children Duncan Oag STEWART of Auchraig & Inchcallbeg b: ABT 1600 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  Duncan Stewart is described in Stewarts of the South as being the patriarch of Branches 3 & 4 of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich. He is described as: "Duncan Brother to Major Stewart of Ardvorlich Tacksman of Auchraig [in] Port Parish Monteith then the property of Ardvorlich. His son Alexander whose offspring are called Sliochd Alastir Oaig." And also as: "Duncan Oag of Ardvurlich commonly called Letter Stewart Tacksman of Letter & Auchraig then belonging to Ardvurlich Port Parish." "Oag" means "young", as in "Young Duncan".

    Duncan is recorded in The Ardvorlich History as having been the "first" of this family to settle in Glen Finglas. Duncan's eldest brother, James Stewart, 2nd of Ardvorlich, was responsible for The Clearing of Glen Finglas. Afterwards, James was rewarded with lands in Glen Finglas which he divided into 8 portions and shared them with the major cadet branches of the Stewarts of Balquhidder, keeping 3 portions for himself. James never resided in Glen Finglas but seems to have put Duncan in charge of his Glen Finglas lands. Descendant information below would appear to indicate that the Ardvorlich portion of Glen Finglas comprised the west side of the Glen encompassing the farm of Grodich.

    Duncan also held the lands of Auchraig and Inchalbeg near Lake Rusky in Menteith. It is unclear where his primary residence was: Grodich, Auchraig, or Inchalbeg. These lands are deep in the heart of Clan Graham country which must have made for a very uncomfortable holding after Duncan's oldest brother, James Beag Stewart, 2nd of Ardvorlich, murdered James Graham, Lord Kilpont, and prompted the Grahams to swear a blood feud against the Stewarts of Ardvorlich.

    Duncan's testament is registered in the Dunblane Commissariat Records on 16 Nov 1632; "Stewart, Duncan, son to Alaster Stewart, in Ardvorlich."

    1. Duncan's descendants are presented on the Stewart of Ardvorlich Branch III and Stewart of Ardvorlich Branch IV pages.
  9. Has No Children Daughter STEWART , of Ardvorlich b: ABT 1605 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.

Major James Beag Stewart, 2nd of Ardvorlich

The son of Alexander Stewart and Margaret Drummond, who was allegedly born in the forest in 1589, was named James Beag Stewart. (He should not be confused with the earlier James Beag Stewart, 1st of Balindoran. "Beag" is a common Gaelic nickname which means "small". It would be like calling him "Little Jim" Stewart.) Contrary to his nickname of "little", this James Beag Stewart apparently grew to be a large, powerful, and angry man. It is said that he could cause a man's fingernails to bleed just by shaking his hand. He spent his entire life exacting revenge on the MacGregors for the murder of his uncle Drummonderinoch, taking full advantage of the liberties accorded by the proscription. On one occasion he took a dozen MacGregors and hanged them himself near Comrie rather than turn them over to the Crown for prosecution.  By the time of his death he had so many enemies that his body had to be buried in secret for fear of his grave being violated.

Sometime around the turn of the 17th century a group of MacGregors forcibly occupied Glen Finglas in Callander parish, just south of Glen Buckie.  They were said to have been the cause of great mischief there.  These lands belonged to the Earl of Moray at the time and he wanted the MacGregors removed.  The Earl's deputy forester at that time was Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie, who had a natural son, John Dubh Beag Stewart.  The Earl commission John Dubh Beag Stewart and Maj. James Beag Stewart of Ardvorlich (as clan chief) to raise a force of men and forcibly remove the MacGregor's from Glen Finglas.  The Major readily agreed to this task as yet another opportunity to exact his revenge on the MacGregors.  Sometime around the year 1620 the Stewarts successfully evicted the MacGregors from Glen Finglas and captured the chief of the MacGregors.  For their efforts, Maj. James Beag Stewart was granted the lands of Glen Finglas.  He divided these lands among the major cadet branches of the Stewarts of Balquhidder and gave one-quarter to the family of the Stewarts of Glenbuckie, one-quarter to the family of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran, one-eighth to the Stewarts of Annat and kept the remaining three-eights for himself.  This story is told in fuller detail on our Stewarts of Glen Finglas page.  It appears that the Major gave the Ardvorlich portion of the Glen Finglas lands to his younger brother, Duncan Oag Stewart to occupy.

James is cited in the following two bonds:

1622 Bond by Alexander Stewart in Ardworlich [Ardvorlich], James Stewart, his eldest son, Alexander Stewart in Portnellane [Portnellan]; Andrew Stewart of Blairgarrie, Duncan Stewart in Monochole [Monachyle], Alexander Stewart in Glenogle [Glen Ogle]; John Dow Stewart [of Glenbuckie] in Glenfinglas [Glen Finglas], Walter Stewart, his brother german, and Duncan Stewart in [illegible]; for themselves and "the haill remanent persounes of the name of Steuart duelland [dwelling] within Balquhidder and Stragartnay [Strath Gartney]", whereby they bind themselves to William [Graham], earl of Monteth [Menteith], Lord Kilpont and Elistoun [Lennieston], promising that if they at any time injure or wrong said earl, they will pay to him 100 merks Scots; that they will not aid anyone put to the horn at his instance, under penalty of 500 merks Scots in case of failure; and that they will not conceal any danger which may befall said earl by day or night, but will inform him of same with all possible diligence."

11 JUN 1622. Bond by James Stewart, son of Alexander Stewart in Ardvurliche [Ardvorlich], and Alexander McKen (MacIain) Stewart in Portnellen [Portnellan], to William, Earl of Montethe [Menteith], who has become cautioner to produce Andrew Stewart, son of Alexander Stewart in Glenogle [Glen Ogle], before the lords of secret council, whereby they undertake to produce said Alexander accordingly, under penalty of 500 merks.

James Beag was granted letters of Reversion for the lands of Port of Lochearn (present-day St. Fillans) and Moral (east of St. Fillans in Comrie)  to John Drummond, Earl of Perth, in 1627.

James Beag Stewart led a life worth writing about, and the story of his life is featured in the book, A Legend of Montrose, by Sir Walter Scott. Scott's character, Alan Macauley is really based on the life of James Beag Stewart. There's much more about his life than can be told here, but one story is significant because it brings us to the next era in our family history, the Stewarts of Dalveich.

The Murder of Lord Kilpont

The Pardon of James Beag Stewart of Ardvorlich and his Clansmen

In the Scottish civil wars of the 17th century, James Beag Stewart was loyal to the James Graham, 1st Marquis of Montrose. James Beag attained the rank of Major in Montrose's army and fought in the battle of Tibbermuir in 1645.

Battle of Tibbemuir: 1st September 1644

James Graham, Marquis of Montrose, with 2000 Highlanders and Irish defeated a Covenanter force of 6000 under Lord Elcho at Tippermore (Tibbermuir in Gaelic) and occupied Perth. This was the first battle in Montrose's failed rebellion in support of Charles I carried out while the main Scottish army was in England supporting the Government forces there. Few died in the battle but an estimated 2000 died in the following massacre - this puts Tippermore at about the same level of post-battle massacre as Culloden! (http://www.perthshire-scotland.co.uk/about3.htm)

Montrose's most loyal aid was John Graham, Lord Kilpont, eldest son of William Graham, Earl of Airth and Menteith.  Kilpont was described as a "very close friend" of James Beag Stewart. Today we can safely say that the evidence shows they were lovers.  In fact, the Graham account of the murder (shown below) specifically states "After the banquet a quarrel of some sort arose between Kilpont and his intimate friend, James Stewart of Ardvoirlich, who had shared his tent and his bed...."  But in the 17th century such an accusation was solidly denied by the house of Ardvorlich. The Stewart family claimed that they were just "very intimate friends who often shared a tent".

At one point James Beag and Lord Kilpont had a dispute (allegedly fuelled by a great deal of whisky) that became physical. During the altercation Kilpont was fatally stabbed by James Beag. James not only killed his "very close friend", but he simultaneously killed the most loyal aid of his patron, Montrose. James had to flee the wrath of Montrose. And he did so with such haste that he even abandoned his own son, Harry, who had been mortally wounded on the battlefield, and left him to die of his injuries. James fled to the side of Montrose's enemy, Campbell, the Duke of Argyll.

Kilpont's wife, who was also a Graham, was so angered by the incident that she swore a blood feud against the Stewarts of Ardvorlich.

Because Argyll was loyal to the Crown and was the eventual victor in the war, James Beag Stewart, as a follower of Argyll, was branded a hero instead of a murderer and was granted a full pardon for the murder he committed.  The murder was considered "justifiable" by the Crown as the victim was a "rebel". 

The full transcript of the Parliamentary Record of the Pardon for James Stewart is enclosed at the right.  It reveals some interesting facts.  Most notably that it is not just James Beag Stewart who is named in the pardon.  Also pardoned are the heads of several branches of the Stewarts of Balquhidder, namely: Robert Stewart, son of James of Ardvorlich, Duncan McRobert Stewart in Balquhidder (Glen Ogle), Andrew Stewart in Balquhidder (Gartnafuaran), and Walter Stewart in Glenfinglas (Gartnafuaran).  All of these men were close kin of James.  It says they all initially served Montrose and then, having realized the error of their ways, they sought to persuade Kilpont to join them in going over to Campbell's side.  Kilpont objected.  The fight broke out between Kilpont and Ardvorlich, and Ardvorlich had to kill Kilpont in self-defence.  All of them are accounted as former rebels whose later repentance and defection to the "right side" warranted their pardon.

The inclusion of the other clansmen raises some interesting possible interpretations.  It could imply that the murder of Kilpont may not have been solely motivated by drunken rage, but may indeed have had political overtones.  Or it could mean that the other Stewart clansmen, having discovered that their chief had just murdered Kilpont, either feared for their own lives too or they didn't want to abandon their chief and defected with him.

The popular version of the murder of Lord Kilpont attributes James' motives to nothing more than an uncontrollable rage. He was reputed to be a man with a wicked temper who would kill without a second thought (which seems to be an accurate description), so he was accused of killing Kilpont in cold blood without provocation, and was branded a murderer. That's the version that was committed to history by Bishop Wishart, Chaplain to Montrose, and to fiction by Sir Walter Scott. However in a preface to Scott's book written in the early 19th century, the publisher tells a different version of the story as told to him by Robert Stewart, the 7th Laird of Ardvorlich.

Robert of Ardvorlich denies the angry temperament of James Beag; he denies the homosexual relationship between James Beag and Kilpont and he denies that the murder was in cold blood; he claims that the killing was justifiable.  He alleges that the dispute arose because of atrocities committed on the lands of Ardvorlich by Irish conscripts who were fighting for Montrose.  This is a reasonable suggestion as those same Irish conscripts, under Colkitto, Montrose’s lieutenant general, burned Ardveich on the north shore of Loch Earn.  James Beag confronted Kilpont about the matter seeking damages from Montrose.  There was a disagreement over the matter and a brawl ensued in which Kilpont was accidentally stabbed.  Robert of Ardvorlich also alleges that Kilpont was involved in some ill-business behind the back of Montrose which James Beag discovered and which fuelled Kilpont's anger.

bulletWhat is significant for researchers of the later cadet branch, the Stewarts of Dalveich (this author's own family), is not so much the second version of the events, but how this second version of the story came to be known.  According to the publisher's preface in A Legend of Montrose, Robert Stewart, 7th Laird of Ardvorlich, learned of the "true" version of the events from a distant cousin who was descended from James Beag's natural son John Dubh Mhor Stewart (see below). John Dubh Mohr claimed to have been a first-hand witness to the dispute between his father and Lord Kilpont and passed on the "true" version through his descendants.

Following is the Graham version of the Murder of Kilpont, from The Lake Of Menteith - Its Islands And Vicinity, With Historical Accounts Of The Priory Of Inchmahome And The Earldom Of Menteith - By A. F. Hutchinson, 1899

 last page is missing

In the summer of 1647 Maj. James Beag Stewart of Ardvorlich was serving as an officer under General David Leslie, Lord Newark, and was present at the massacre at Dunaverty, Southend, Kintyre, Argyll, Scotland on which occasion he is said to have interceded on behalf of Capt. James Stewart of Blackhall to spare Blackhall's life. (http://www.kintyremag.co.uk/1999/30/page11.html )

After the death of Charles I, James signed the 1654 Bond of Keltney Burn along with the heads of all the other Stewart houses in Balquhidder, Athol, and Appin swearing tacit allegiance to King Charles II.  This Bond was signed during the era of Cromwell's Commonwealth and would have been considered treasonous.

Sometime around 1620, James Beag was enlisted by the Earl of Moray (Murray) to expel Clan Gregor from Glen Finglas.  James enlisted the assistance of his cousin John Dubh Mor Stewart of the Glenbuckie family and together they were successful in expelling the MacGregors and capturing their chief, whom they marched as a prisoner to Doune Castle.  Stewarts of the South implies that John Dubh Mor was the one primarily responsible, but that James Beag, being the senior, took the credit.  For this expedition the Earl of Moray was successful in securing a Royal pardon for James Beag for the murder of Kilpont, and James Beag was granted significant lands in Glenfinglas.  He gave one-fourth to Glenbuckie, one-fourth to Gartnafuaran and kept one-half for himself.  The Stewarts of Annat complained that they had been left out and James conceded one-eighth of the original to Annat.

A commemorative stone stands testament to a raid on Ardvorlich by seven MacDonalds, guided by a MacGregor. Stewart and his men killed all seven of the MacDonalds and dragged their bodies down to the lochside for burial. Many years later, when the present lochside road was being built, seven skeletons were unearthed and have since been re-interred nearby.  The skeletons were found on the road passing through the croft of Moral, where this author's family later lived.. -- http://www.scottish-towns.co.uk/perthshire/fillans/stewarts.html


"Near this spot we re-interred the bodies of 7 McDonalds of Glencoe killed when attempting to harry Ardvorlich, AD 1620"
The Major's Grave
"This stone marks the place of inter-ment of Major James Stewart here afterwards removed to the family vault at Dundurn, died about 1660"
© Copyright Dr Richard Murray and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

It was said that James never spared a MacGregor and that "his Mother's sufferings always came before him like blood into the eyes". There is a commemorative stone to the death of Major James Stewart, when his clansmen were carrying the body down the lochside to St. Fillans to be buried in the old saint's kirk at Dundurn. The MacGregors, having sworn to avenge themselves for his harryings and killings, were determined to cut off his head and set out to intercept the funeral party. Their intention was betrayed and the Stewarts secretly buried the Major by the lochside and, when times were quieter, returned to take the body to Dundurn.

The chief of the Clan Stewart had made many enemies, but always managed to avoid them. He died peacefully in bed but his enemies, possibly Grahams or MacGregors heard of his death, and, furious at having been cheated of their revenge swore to desecrate his body on its way to burial at St Fillans.  The funeral procession, having left the Stewart home at Ardvorlich house further down the road, then a track and much higher up the hillside at that time, were forewarned and buried their chief in a shallow grave down the hillside close to Lochearn where he was left for several years until more peaceful times. He was then dug up to be safely buried in the proper place. A stone marks the spot where his body was hidden.
-- Alistair Reid, http://www.incallander.co.uk/drive3.htm

Has Children Maj. James Beag STEWART , 2nd of Ardvorlich, b: 1589 at the Lady's Loch on Ben Vorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland as the son of Alexander Stewart, 1st of Ardvorlich and Margaret Drummond of Drummonderinoch (shown above).  James Beag Stewart married firstly to Barbara MURRAY of Buchanty, daughter of Robert and Barbara Murray of Buchanty.  A sasine to "James Stewart, son of Alexander Stewart in Ardvorlich and Katherine Murray for the lands of Port of Lochearn 14 Nov. 1620" helps us establish the date of their marriage as being no later than 1620.  It may be that this sasine was part of the marriage contract.  They had the following children:

  1. Has No Children Alexander STEWART b: ABT 1621 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland who was a student St. Andrews where he was killed in a fight in 1642.
  2. Has Children Barbara STEWART , Of Ardvorlich b: ABT 1623 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland who married John MacGruther (a.k.a. McCruder, Magruder), 3rd of Meggar.  They had the following children:
    1. Has No Children James MACGRUTHER , 4th Of Meggar b: ABT 1650 in Meggar, Perthshire, Scotland
    2. Has No Children Thomas MACGRUTHER , Of Craigneish b: ABT 1655 in Meggar, Perthshire, Scotland
    3. Has No Children Babara MCCRUTHER b: ABT 1660 in Meggar, Perthshire, Scotland
    4. Has No Children Patrick MCCRUTHER b: ABT 1665 in Meggar, Perthshire, Scotland
    5. Has No Children William MCCRUTHER b: ABT 1670 in Meggar, Perthshire, Scotland
    6. Has No Children Alexander MACGRUTHER , Of Craigneish, Glenartney b: 1673 in Meggar, Perthshire, Scotland
  3. Has Children Robert STEWART , 3rd of Ardvorlich b: ABT 7 NOV 1625 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  He is described in detail further below.
  4. Has No Children Harry STEWART b: ABT 1627 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland. Harry Stewart (a.k.a. "Henry") was abandoned by his father on the battlefield at Tippermuir in 1644 and left to die when James fled after murdering Lord Kilpont.  It is speculated that "Harry" may only have been a nickname.  A 1952 published genealogy of the Ardvorlichs lists him as "unknown son" and as first-born.  Only Bishop Wishart, who records the "official" version of the murder of Kilpont gives a name to this son who was abandoned on the battlefield.  It's possible that Wishart was mistaken about his name.  It is interesting to note that the real first-born, Alexander, died about the same time as Henry, although under different circumstances.

James married secondly to Janet BUCHANAN, widow of Walter Buchanan, ancestor of Arnprior.  Her birth surname is unknown.  They had no known children.  James had the following "natural" (i.e. illegitimate) son by an unknown woman, probably born between his marriages.

  1. Has Children John Dubh Mhor STEWART of Dalveich b: ABT 1630 in Loch Earn, Perthshire, Scotland.  John became chief of the Stewarts of Dalveich.  Those who are researching my own family should follow the link to the Stewarts of Dalveich.

Robert Stewart, 3rd of Ardvorlich

The original line of Ardvorlich only lasted for a few more generations before the male line died out.  The next few successions can be a little confusing to follow and some genealogies show the succession differently, particularly www.stirnet.com.  For these subsequent generations we are following Gordon MacGregor's, The Landed Families of Strathearn.

Has Children Robert STEWART , 3rd of Ardvorlich b: ABT 7 NOV 1625 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland as the son of Maj. James Beag Stewart, 2nd Laird of Ardvorlich and Barbara Murray (shown above).  Robert Stewart, 3rd of Ardvorlich, was born in 1625 and married Jean DRUMMOND of Comrie.  They had the following children:

  1. Has Children James STEWART , 4th of Ardvorlich b: 1655 in Kilmadock, Perthshire, Scotland.  He is described in detail further below.
  2. Has No Children Katherine STEWART b: ABT 1656 who married on Jan 12, 1682/83 to David DRUMMOND, 3rd of Comrie.
  3. Has Children Alexander STEWART of Lurgavowie, and styled "in Gardeith" b: ABT 1657 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  Alexander married Catharine DRUMMOND. (it is not known when they married, nor which Drummond family she was from.)  Catherine Drummond is mentioned in the following reference from the MacGregor Collection: "Catherine Drummond and [her son] Robert Stewart, she was mother to R Stewart an idiot and alimented him 1721 – 1751. In that year he succeeded Buchannan to Ardvorlich. (Norison’s Decisions No.46, p412, Vol.1 ) He died unmarried in 1760 – Dundurn Tombstone."  They had the following child:
    1. Robert STEWART , 6th of Ardvorlich b: ABT 1690 in Gardeith, Perthshire, Scotland, who succeeded to the lands of Ardvorlich in 1751 and died without children in 1760.
  4. Has No Children William STEWART b: ABT 1659 in Scotland.  MacGregor does not show William, but www.stirnet.com does. It is believed that William may have died as a child.
  5. Has No Children Janet STEWART b: UNKNOWN married James MUSCHET of Mill of Goody and had issue.

Robert Stewart, 3rd of Ardvorlich, "went over the hill" and had a natural son by an unknown woman:

  1. Has Children Robert STEWART, in Balimeanach, predecessor of the Stewarts of Laggan, b. ABT 1653 presumably in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  He was predecessor to the Stewarts of Laggan. 
    1. His descendants are presented on The Stewarts of Laggan Page.

James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich, Steward of Doune


McOrriston was one of the residence of two of the sons of James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich.
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Farmland, McOrriston
McOrriston
© Copyright Andrew Smith and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

Doune Castle

 

Has Children James STEWART , 4th Laird Of Ardvorlich, Chamberlain to the Earl Moray, Governor of Doune Castle, Justice of the Peace for Perthshire, was born in 1655 in Kilmadock, Perthshire, Scotland as the son of Robert Stewart, 3rd Laird of Ardvorlich and Jean Drummond of Comrie (shown above).  James acted as Chamberlain to the Earl Moray in which capacity he functioned as governor of Doune Castle (right). In 1690 he was appointed Justice of the Peace for Perthshire. He was in the regiment commanded by Lord William Murray sent to Inverary to secure the Duke of Argyll's forfeited estates. (MacGregor) .

The succession of the governorship of Doune becomes unclear at this point and is currently being researched.  It appears presently that David Stewart, below, succeeded his father as Governor of Doune Castle, and that his natural son, Donald, *MAY* have succeeded him.  In 1745 MacGregor of Glengyle was appointed by the Bonnie Prince Charlie as temporary governor of Doune during the '45 uprising.  After which David Stewart (below) was arrested and died in prison, and his natural son, Donald, went into hiding in Aberdeen.

James STEWART married about 1682 to Elizabeth BUCHANAN of that ilk.  She was baptized 25 MAY 1651 in Kilmadock, Perthshire, Scotland, as the daughter of John Buchanan, 19th Lord of Buchanan and his wife Mary Erskine, daughter of Henry Erskine, Lord of Cardross.  James' marriage to Elizabeth Buchanan was not very popular with her family. They charged that she had married beneath her station. However the marriage was approved by her uncle, then the Lord of Cardross, which settled other family members' concerns.  James Stewart and Elizabeth Buchanan had the following children:

  1. Has No Children Marie STEWART bap. 15 JUN 1680 in Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland.  Nothing more is known of her.
  2. Has No Children Robert STEWART , 5th of Ardvorlich b: ABT 6 MAY 1681 in Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland, of whom below.
  3. Has Children Maj. David STEWART "of Ballahalan", in Macorriston, Forester of Glen Finglas and Jacobite Governor of Doune Castle b: ABT 9 APR 1684 in Glenfinglas, Callander, Perthshire, Scotland, son of James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich

    David is shown in the Ardvorlich History and MacGregor's Landed Families as being a son of James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich.

    David is described in Stewarts of the South as follows: "The old Branch of Ardvorlich Family (& sometime Macorriston) became extinct when the present Mr Stewart's father became heir - the last branch which you may see in Duncan Stewart's History was Robert a rude and boisterous man, he died without issue [sic - actually Ardvorlich passed first to David's cousin, Robert, 6th Ardvorlich]. Next David, his brother, was Tenant in Glenfinglas (and sometimes in Macorriston) was Forrester to the Earl of Murray.  He was married to a daughter of Steward of Balled [actually she was a daughter of Stewart of Fungorth, believed to be of the family of Balled] and widow of Campbell of Lochdochard by whom he had one son - he was a promising youth he was slain at the unfortunate battle of Culloden. [sic - The Stewarts of the South has confused the two sons. See below.]" 

    David's baptism, shown above, is not certain.  The entry in question shows no name for the child of James Stewart of Ardvorlich and Elizabeth whose baptism is recorded in Kilmadock. As David's birth is unaccounted for, it is believed this entry is David Stewart. 

    David was arrested for his participation in the Jacobite uprising of 1745. He was imprisoned in the tollbooth at Stirling where he later died.

    David is also referenced in a book called "Jacobites of Perthshire" by Frances McDonnell in which we find him described as a Major in the Jacobite army, specifically responsible for collecting Bonnie Prince Charlie's revenues, and also as a Jacobite officer who helped take possession of Doune Castle, presumably in the company of MacGregor of Glengyle. 

    "David Stewart, Major, of Ballahallan, parish of Callander, Lord George Murray's Regiment, Brother of Stewart of Ardvorlich "Collected his Majesty's Revenue" He was caught with six other refugees in a hut on the Braes of Leny. He put up a stiff fight, but was taken to Stirling, where he died of his wounds. The Prisoner's Roll shows that while in prison he was in hospital with a gunshot wound of the thigh and that a surgeon's fee of 6s. 8d. was paid for treating him. The evidence brought against him was that "he was seen at Dunblane dressed and armed like a rebel Highlander wearing a white Cockade. Others stated that he acted as rebel officer in taking possession of Castle Doune with a body of armed men." He was specially excepted from the Act of pardon of June 1747. Imprisoned 19 July 1746 Braes of Leny, 20 July 1746 Stirling Castle."

    A more detailed account of David's capture is found here:

    Upon the 15th Instant, Capt. James Campbell, commanding the Perth Volunteers in Balquhidder, having information of several Rebel Officers having returned to the Braes of that Country, went himself with a Party by the South side of the loch, whilst Daniel M’Euen, his Ensign, went up the Strath of that Country, towards Glenkarnock; but notwithstanding all the precaution used by the Captain, they found Means to escape, 12 towards the Braes of Brodalbine, and 18 towards the Breas of Lenny, and the Forrest of Glenartney. The Captain having Information thereof, marched with about 30 of his Men towards the Breas of Lenny, divided them so as to surround a party of them in a Sheill [a summer hut up in the hills used for grazing livestock], and to guard the Passes below, that none of them might escape. About Five o’Clock the Party under Ensign M’Euen surrounded a Lodge or Sheilling hut, from which they received a very brisk Fire, from the Door and two Windows, for 15 Minutes or upwards, which was returned by the Volunteers with the same Alacrity; afterwards the Rebels lodged in the Hutt, being all wounded except one, surrendered, viz. Major Stewart, Brother to the Laird of Advorlick; Capt. Malcolm M’Gregor of Comour; Capt. Donald MacLaren; Sergeant King, Alias M’Ree, late of Sir Patrick Murray’s Highland Regiment, and three private Men. Of our Men none were hurt tho’ several Balls went through their Cloaths, especially Thomas More the late Lieutenant Follie, who always shewed himself upon every Occasion, willing to destroy Rebels. (Extract of a Letter from Sterling, dated July 22, 1746)

    In the preceding excerpt we also find the confusing reference in which David is described as "of Ballahallan" in Callander parish.  The reference is believed to refer to the property of Ballochallan which is actually in Kilmadock parish but is located not far from Doune.  The reference is confusing as the property of Ballochallan was held consistently through this period by the family of Stewart of Ballochallan who were a cadet branch of the Stewarts of Annat.  Thus David could not have been "of Ballochallan."  We also find in the Muster Roll's of The '45 a reference to David's natural son, Donald as "Donald Stewart, son of David Stewart of Ballachallan."  The origin of this alleged association with Ballochallan still eludes us.  It is possible that David may have resided "in" Ballochallan, but the designation "of" implies property ownership and David never owned Ballochallan.  It's also possible the name may be a confusion for another property not yet identified.  However, this confusing reference has caused a further confusion in some genealogies equating Maj. David Stewart with David Hume Stewart, 3rd of Ballochallan.  However, the reference above states that Maj. David Stewart was "brother of Stewart of Ardvorlich."  The Stewart of Ardvorlich at the time was Robert Stewart, 5th of Ardvorlich.

    David's testament is registered as: Testament of David Stewart in Glenfinglas who died in November of 1746 given up by the Earl of Moray as creditor. 

    David is mentioned in the following excerpt from the (John) MacGregor Collection:

    "Discharge David Stewart of his sallery as forrester 1743 ---I David Stewart forrester to the Right Honorabel the Earl of Moray in Glenfinglas Grant me to have received from James Maul factor to the said Earl the soume of one hundred pounds scots money in full payment of my forresters sallery, cropt seventeen hundred and fortie thrie years and hearby discharges the ~~~ as witness my hand at Doun the 29th day of March 1745 years.  (signed) Dav. Stewart."

    David had relations with an unknown woman by whom he had the following natural child:

    1. Has Children Donald STEWART b: ABT 1705 in Glenfinglas, Perthshire, Scotland.  Donald was a natural son, so his real mother is unknown. Donald served in the Appin Regiment during the '45 uprising and was recorded as having been killed at the battle of Culloden.  He is shown in Stewarts of the South as the "promising youth [who] was slain at the unfortunate battle of Culloden".  However recent research has revealed that he actually survived Culloden and went into hiding in Aberdeen.  It is claimed by his descendants that Donald Stewart fled to Hythie in Buchan, Aberdeenshire sometime after the '45 and eventually died in Fetterangus, Buchan, Aberdeenshire.  Donald is recorded in the Muster Rolls of the '45 as being the son of "David Stewart of Ballachallan", which has led to confusion with the Stewarts of Ballachallan.  Either the Muster Rolls are incorrect or David may have resided for a time in Ballachallan and was thus confused with the Ballachallan family. Donald Stewart had the following children.
      1. Donald's descendants are shown on our Stewarts of Hythie page.

    David Stewart had the following known lawful child:

    1. Has No Children James STEWART b: ABT 1715 in Scotland, a lawful child of David and Margaret.  James died without issue.

    David is believed to have had relations with Mary STEWART and had the following natural child:

    1. Elisabeth STEWART, b: ABT 15 AUG 1730 in Glen Finglas, Callander, Perthshire, Scotland.  Elisabeth is recorded in the Callander OPR as being conceived in fornication between Mary Stewart and David Stewart in Glenfinglas with Mary's brother Robert Stewart acting as sponsor. There is no other known David Stewart residing in Glen Finglas contemporary with this one that we are aware of who could be the father.

    David married Margaret STEWART of Fungorth, daughter of William Stewart, 2nd of Fungorth. Commissariat Records of Dunkeld confirm that David married Margaret Stewart "sister german to the deceased Patrick Stewart, merchant in Edinburgh, first married to Alexander Campbell of Lochdochart, and thereafter married to David Stewart, brother to Robert of Ardvorlich (12 Dec 1750)".  The date of this entry is problematic as it post-dates David's death.  The date given here may not represent the date of their marriage, but may represent the date of Margaret Stewart's death.

  1. Has Children James STEWART of McCorriston, bap. 14 MAR 1684/85 in Kilmadock, Perthshire, Scotland.  He married an unknown woman and had a daughter:
    1. Mary STEWART, who had a Bond of Provision from her uncle Robert Stewart of Ardvorlich after her father's death.
  2. Has Children Alexander STEWART b: ABT 1686 in Probably Glenfinglas, Callander, Perthshire, Scotland.  Evidence of this Alexander Stewart comes only from MacGregor and Stewarts of the South, as follows: "[David's] brother Alexander married Stewart, the heiress of Craigtown, of the family of Annat. Craigton is in Down parish now Earl of Murray's Estate by the Heiress he had one son and some daughters. The son was a lunatic but had the income of the estate during his life.  His sisters claimed the estate but were rejected."  MacGregor says that Alexander was apprenticed to Alexander Baird, a merchant in Edinburgh. He also married (secondly) to the daughter of the Chief of Clan Gregor -- a very interesting marriage indeed for an Ardvorlich descendant!  Perhaps this is why he left for Edinburgh?  www.stirnet.com mistakenly shows Robert, 6th Ardvorlich, as the son of this Alexander Stewart.  Alexander STEWART married Mary STEWART of Craigtoun, daughter of William Stewart, 1st of Craigtoun of the Annat Family and his wife, Katherine MacFarlane.  Mary was born about 1695 in Annat, Kilmadock, Perthshire, Scotland.  They had the following children:
    1. Has No Children John STEWART, 3rd of Craigton, b: ABT 1715 in Scotland.  Described by the Stewarts of the South as "a lunatic who had the income of the estate during his life." He died without issue.
    2. Has No Children William STEWART b: ABT 1718 in Scotland.  Died in England without issue.
    3. Has No Children Janet STEWART b: ABT 1720 in Perthshire, Scotland. Tried unsuccessfully to claim her father's estate (presumably from her lunatic brother).  She married John MCQUEEN in Heads and had issue.  See Stewarts of Craigton.
    4. Has No Children Jean STEWART b: ABT 1725 in Perthshire, Scotland. Tried unsuccessfully to claim her father's estate (presumably from her lunatic brother).

    Further information on the descendants of Alexander Stewart and Mary Stewart of Craigton can be found in the Stewarts of Craigton section.

    Alexander Stewart married secondly to Anna GRAHAM-alias-MCGREGOR of Kilmannan, daughter of Archibald GRAHAM-alias-MCGREGOR, Chief Of Clan Gregor.  What makes this marriage so interesting is that 200 years prior the ancestors of this couple swore a blood feud against each other.

  3. Has No Children William STEWART b: ABT 1688 in Perthshire, Scotland.  William is recorded as having fought in the 1715 Jacobite uprising. He is unheard of after that.
  4. Has No Children Jean STEWART b: 5 JUL 1691 in Kincardine By Doune, Perth, Scotland.  Nothing more is known of her.
  5. Has No Children Agnes STEWART b: ABT 1692 in Scotland.  Agnes Stewart married to Archibald HOUSTON b: UNKNOWN.  Archibald was a wright is Glasgow.  They had:
    1. Has No Children James HOUSTON b: ABT 25 APR 1732 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland

Robert Stewart, 5th of Ardvorlich

Robert Stewart was baptized at Stirling on 6 MAY 1681. He was the son of James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich (shown above).  Robert was only 17 years old when he succeeded his father to the lands of Ardvorlich upon his father's death in 1698.  Robert held the estate of Ardvorlich until his own death in Jan 1751 without issue.  The estate of Ardvorlich then passed to his cousin, another Robert Stewart, son of Alexander Stewart of Lurgavowie and Gardeith, who was in turn the son of Robert Stewart, 3rd of Ardvorlich.  Robert Stewart, 6th of Ardvorlich, was described as "an idiot" and held the estate of Ardvorlich for no more than three years before his cousin, another Robert Stewart, 7th of Ardvorlich, assumed responsibility for the estate.  This rapid succession of three Roberts in a row has caused confusion in many genealogies including www.stirnet.com.

This Robert was the laird of Ardvorlich in 1739 when Duncan Stewart wrote his seminal history of the Stewarts, and this Robert is shown as the current laird in that publication.  However, when the later author of Stewarts of the South ca 1818 described the transition of Ardvorlich from one Robert to the next, he mistakenly confuses Robert Stewart, 5th of Ardvorlich, and Robert Stewart, 6th of Ardvorlich, when he says: "The old Branch of Ardvorlich Family (& sometime Macorriston) became extinct when the present Mr Stewart's father became heir - the last branch which you may see in Duncan Stewart's History was Robert a rude and boisterous man, he died without issue."

It is Robert Stewart, 6th of Ardvorlich, who was the last of the original line to hold Ardvorlich and who is believed to be the one described as "a rude and boisterous man."

Curiously, this Robert is the only Chief of Ardvorlich who is not listed on the family stone at Dundurn.  This is a difficult curiosity to explain given Robert appears to have been one of the longest serving lairds in the history of the family.  One is left to ponder if the later descendants themselves may have conflated the two Roberts into one.

Robert Stewart, 6th of Ardvorlich

Robert STEWART , 6th of Ardvorlich b: ABT 1690 in Gardeith, Perthshire, Scotland, shown above as the son of Alexander Stewart of Lurgavowie and Gardeith and Catherine Drummond.  Alexander was the son of Robert Stewart, 3rd of Ardvorlich. 

This Robert succeeded to the lands of Ardvorlich in 1751 upon the death of his cousin, Robert Stewart, 5th of Ardvorlich.  According to the Ardvorlich Stone, Robert Stewart, 6th of Ardvorlich, died unmarried in 1760.  His death represented the end of the original branch of Ardvorlich.

This Robert is confusingly described in Stewarts of the South as: "The old Branch of Ardvorlich Family (& sometime Macorriston) became extinct when the present Mr Stewart's father became heir - the last branch which you may see in Duncan Stewart's History was Robert a rude and boisterous man, he died without issue."

This Robert is the one who was the last of the original line of Ardvorlich and is probably the one intended by the description as "a rude and boisterous man."  However he is not the laird of Ardvorlich described in Duncan Stewart's History.  Duncan Stewart's History of the Stewarts was published in 1739 when Robert Stewart, 5th of Ardvorlich, was still the laird, and prior to this Robert Stewart becoming laird.

This Robert is also described in the following reference from the John MacGregor Collection: "Catherine Drummond and [her son] Robert Stewart, she was mother to R Stewart an idiot and alimented him 1721 – 1751. In that year he succeeded Buchannan to Ardvorlich. (Norison’s Decisions No.46, p412, Vol.1 ) He died unmarried in 1760 – Dundurn Tombstone."

The reference to Robert "succeeding Buchanan" is of uncertain meaning.  We are not aware of any Buchanan family holding Ardvorlich during this time.  However the reference to Robert being "an idiot" who was "alimented" ("provided support") by his mother for 30 years may help explain the odd succession that followed.

As this Robert was the last male of his line and had no male heirs, the next in line to inherit Ardvorlich was Robert's fourth-cousin, (another) Robert Stewart, 5th of Balimeanach.  Although Robert Stewart, 6th of Ardvorlich inherited Ardvorlich in 1751 and did not die until 1760, the Comrie OPR reveals that Robert Stewart, 5th of Balimeanach, was already residing at Ardvorlich as early as 1751 and styled "of Ardvorlich" by 1754.  (See notes on that Robert for more information.)  According to the Ardvorlich Stone, Robert Stewart 6th of Ardvorlich and Robert Stewart 5th of Balimeanach & 7th of Ardvorlich both died in 1760.

The fact that Robert Stewart, 6th of Ardvorlich, is described above as "an idiot" who had to be supported by his mother for most of his adult life, and the fact that his successor was acting as laird while this Robert was yet still living, suggests that Robert Stewart, 6th of Ardvorlich, may have been incapable of managing the affairs of the estate and that his fourth-cousin assumed responsibility for Ardvorlich prior to actually inheriting it.

The Stewarts of Balimeanach



Balimeanach
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Balimeanach of Ardvorlich
Photo by Ryk Brown, ©2005 Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group

After the death of Robert Stewart, 6th Ardvorlich, the estate passed to a distant cousin from the house of Balimeanach.  We must therefore back up a hundred years to pick up the line of Balimeanach.  Balimeanach is located on the south shore of Loch Earn just east of Ardvorlich.  Balimeanach comes from the Gaelic Baile + Meadhanach, which means "middle township".  Thus there are many places in Perthshire named Balimeanach.  This particular Balimeanach was known more fully as Balimeanach of Ardvorlich.

William Stewart, 1st of Balimeanach

William Stewart, 1st of Balimeanach, b: ABT 1595 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland, shown above as a son of Alexander Stewart, 1st of Ardvorlich.  William Stewart obtained the lands of Balemeanoch of Ardvorlich from his father in 1617.  Stewarts of the South mistakenly refers to William Stewart as "an uncle's son" to Major James Beag Stewart, 2nd Ardvorlich, when in fact William Stewart, 1st Balimeanach, was James' brother. William married about 1628 to Janet COMRIE, daughter of John Comrie, 10th of that ilk.  Janet was born about 1610 in Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  (www.stirnet.com reverses the wives of the 1st and 2nd Balimeanach.  We follow MacGregor.)  William and Janet had the following children:

  1. Has No Children Alexander STEWART, 2nd of Balimeanach b: ABT 1628 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  MacGregor indicates that Alexander died unmarried without children. Nowhere is Alexander recorded as "2nd of Balimeanach" however his date of death post-dates his father and thus he must have been next in line ahead of his brother Robert to inherit Balimeanach. As he had no children then Balimeanach must have passed laterally to Robert after Alexander's death. Unless, for some reason unknown to us, Alexander was passed over in the inheritance in favour of his younger brother. It would seem more likely that Alexander is simply not recorded as being of Balimeanach rather than that he was passed over. Thus we show him as "2nd of Balimeanach."
  2. Has Children Robert STEWART, 3rd of Balimeanach b: ABT 1630 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland, of whom below.
  3. Has No Children James STEWART b: ABT 1632 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland, of whom nothing is known.

Robert Stewart, 3rd of Balimeanach

Robert STEWART, 2nd of Balimeanach, was born about 1630 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  He married Margaret MCMIAN/MCMEAN/MCINVAN, daughter of the forester of Glenartney.  They had the following children:

  1. Has Children William STEWART , 4th of Balimeanach b: ABT 1670 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom below.
  2.     Jean STEWART b: 1 MAY 1693 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.

William Stewart (Steuart), 4th of Balimeanach

William STEUART, 4th of Balimeanach married on 14 MAR 1706 in Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland to Christian STEWART.  She was born 5 FEB 1690/91 in Milntown of Strathgartney, Callandar, Perthshire, Scotland as the daughter of Patrick Stewart, brother of John Stewart, 9th of Glenbuckie.  The parish register records: "14th March 1706, Which day William Stewart in Ballomonach of Ardborlich gives up his name in order to Proclamation with Christan Stewart in Milntown of Srathgartney in the Parish of Callandar.  William and Christian had the following children:

  1. Has Children Robert STEWART , 5th of Balimeanach and 7th of Ardvorlich b: ABT 20 NOV 1707 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom below.
  2. Has No Children John STEWART b: ABT 3 NOV 1709 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.
  3. Has No Children Alexander STEWART b: ABT 1712 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.
  4. Has No Children Dougald STEWART b: ABT 1715 in Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.
  5. Has No Children Katherine STEWART b: ABT 9 MAR 1717 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.
  6. Has Children James STEWART, Factor of Ardvorlich b: ABT 26 SEP 1723 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  James is mentioned in Stewarts of the South in a reference regarding his son John: "his father being the occasion of keeping the Estate [of Ardvorlich]."  This reference would seem to imply that James was the manager (factor) of the estate of Ardvorlich.  James was father of:
    1. Has Children John STEWART, in Balimeanach b: ABT 1760 in Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  John Stewart was a tacksman in Balemenoch and was evicted from his lands by his cousin, William Stewart, 8th of Ardvorlich, for an unknown reason. John is recorded as Branch 2, Line 2 of the Stewarts of the South, in which Captain James Stewart writes the following about this John Stewart with some less-than-kind references to William of Ardvorlich: "John Stewart, Balemeanoch, of the above family and property [Ardvorlich]. A decent friendly good man but more innocent than active. £150. Ardvorlich has given him a charge of removal this year to his great shame, his father being the occasion of keeping the Estate to them being a more active man than Ardvorlich's father and this is the reward of his great service. Ardvorlich like many great men of the world has got his good character very cheap and as other that get a bad character undeserved, for if he is once injured he knows not how to forgive and forget. Certainly Ardvorlich is an honest man but that cannot secure him from censure on that account, for Justice, Mercy and Charity ought to go hand in hand without which no other accomplishment can constitute a good man for we have from Scripture do Justice love mercy and walk humbly before thy God (Malachi). I have no business to interfere in this or to depreciate his Character further than to tell my opinion of him every man being allowed to judge for himself if they don't interfere with state affairs."  John Stewart had three sons of whom nothing is known.
      1. Son STEWART, b AFT 1800
      2. Son STEWART, b AFT 1800
      3. Son STEWART, b AFT 1800
  7. Has No Children Jean STEWART b: ABT MAR 1725 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.
  8. Has No Children Patrick STEWART b: ABT 26 FEB 1727 in Balemenoch, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.

Robert Stewart (Steuart), 5th of Balimeanach & 7th of Ardvorlich

Robert Stewart was born in Balimeanach and baptized on 20 NOV 1707 at Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland, shown above as the son of William Stewart 4th of Balimeanach and Christian Stewart.  In 1760, this Robert's distant cousin, another Robert Stewart who was 6th of Ardvorlich, died without heirs and the principal branch of Ardvorlich died out with him.  As such the estate devolved upon the second branch of the family to this Robert Stewart who became 7th of Ardvorlich.  Although the death of Robert Stewart, 6th of Ardvorlich, is given as 1760, this Robert was already residing at Ardvorlich as early as 1751 when his daughter Catherine was born there, and he was already being styled "of Ardvorlich" as early as 1754 when his son John was born and Robert was recorded in the Comrie OPR as "of Ardvorlich."

This is the Robert referred to in Stewarts of the South as follows:

"2 Branch Robert Stewart Taxman of Balimeanach father to the present Mr Stewart when he was born there was thirteen between him and the estate. It was with some difficulty he got the estate at all as he was not an active man himself. This family were called the House of Balimeanach of which farm they had a wadset or Feu of which they were dispossessed in an unlawful way by Robert of the first branch a rude and unruly man. The first of this Branch was one William an Uncle's son to Major Stewart (sic) he was called William MacAlastir, the major mentioned above was the bloody M James Stewart who killed Lord Kilpont. Ardvorlich is on the South Side of Lochearn parish of Comrie County of Perth."

The author of Stewarts of the South mistakenly says that the first of the Balimeanach line was "an uncle's son" to Major James Beag Stewart, 2nd Ardvorlich, when in fact William Stewart, 1st Balimeanach, was James' brother.

This Robert Stewart was described in Stewarts of the South as a "simple man of little experience".  On two occasions he almost gave up the estate of Ardvorlich to his cousins.  One occasion happened when his distant cousin, David Stewart of Ballachallan, tried to swindle him out of the property by offering to pay Robert's debt and some money to Robert and to leave Robert the estate if he died without children.  Robert was talked out of accepting the deal by his wife and his brother James.

The other time came when Stewart of Appin tried to buy Ardvorlich, but the infamous Rob Roy MacGregor intervened:

Rob Roy's Advice Saves Ardvorlich

Robert Stewart, 7th of Ardvorlich, was an acquaintance of Rob Roy MacGregor according to the following excerpt from the Stewarts of the South:

The late Robert Stewart of Ardvorlich intended to sell Ardvorlich itself, and would actually have sold it if it were not for advice given to him by Rob Roy McGregor - famed for good as well as bad actions - when he was driven from Callander and Balquhidder for his pranks upon the Duke of Montrose.  Rob Roy was a fugitive at Auch Glenurchay.  Robert of Ardvorlich lodged a night with Rob Roy when Robert Stewart was going to sell Ardvorlich to Stewart of Appin.  Rob Roy advised him to keep Feuer of Ardvorlich and that the Feu should keep him.

It is remarkable that an Ardvorlich Stewart would take advice from a MacGregor after the murder of Drummonderinoch.  If the reader thinks those memories were forgiven and forgotten by the mid-18th century, let me share with you a 20th century story.  I am informed by Gordon MacGregor, a Strathearn historian who is descended from two of the alleged murderers of Drummonderinoch, as follows:

"John Stewart, late of Ardvorlich (14th), flung my uncle, the then Chief Inspector of the Perthshire Police, out of his house for our part in this crime fully 400 hundred years later!!  Long are the memories in Highland Strathearn!" (Gordon MacGregor, private correspondence)

Robert STEUART married Margaret STEWART, of Drumvaich of the Annat family.  She was baptized 18 FEB 1713/14 in Doune, Perthshire, Scotland, the daughter of Alexander Stewart, 4th Annat and Isabel Fullarton of Greenhall (some sources show her as the daughter of John Stewart, 5th of Annat who died without issue in 1745).  Robert Steuart, 7th of Ardvorlich, and his wife, Margaret Stewart, had the following children:

  1. Has Children Jean STEWART b: ABT 8 MAY 1748 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland who married on 15 NOV 1771 in Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland to Capt. Robert MACNAB, 2nd of Dundurn, Royal Forrester of Glenartney, b. ABT 1740 in Glendochart, Killin or Dundurn, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland as the son of Robert MacNab, 1st of Dundurn and grandson of Robert MacNab, 14th Chief of MacNab.  Robert was a captain in the 42nd Regiment of Foot (The Black Watch).  Robert died at the age of 45 and is buried at Inch Buie, Glendochart, Killin, Perthshire, Scotland in the traditional burial ground reserved for the chiefs of Clan MacNab.
    1. Has Children Lt. Allan MACNAB b: 1768 in England.  No record has been found of Allan's birth.  Biographies of his son, The Hon. Sir Allan Napier MacNab of Dundurn Castle, show Lt. Allan MacNab as being born in England and say only that he was descended from the MacNabs of Dundurn, Perthshire.  Some give his father's name as Robert.  As Robert MacNab was 2nd of Dundurn then there isn't much margin for error here so we can be confident that Robert MacNab, 2nd of Dundurn, was Allan's father.

      The question of Allan's mother is a different matter.  The Comrie OPR clearly shows the marriage of Robert MacNab, 2nd of Dundurn, to Jean Stewart of Ardvorlich and shows the baptisms of their children with Jean Stewart as the mother.  However, Allan was born three years prior to his father's marriage to Jean Stewart of Ardvorlich.  Thus Allan was either from a previous marriage or was illegitimate.  No record of any previous marriage has been found so it would appear that Allan was probably illegitimate.  Burke's Landed Gentry (LG19 I:951) gives Allan's mother as "Mary Stuart" with no further information on her.  Some unverified on-line genealogies show Mary Stuart as a descendant of the Stuarts of Ardgowan, but we have found no evidence to support this claim.  ElectricScotland shows Allan McNab's mother as Jean Stewart of Ardvorlich, but gives no evidence to support its claim either.  If ElectricScotland is correct then Robert MacNab, 2nd of Dundurn, fathered a child with Jean Stewart of Ardvorlich and then later married her.  Either way, Jean Stewart of Ardvorlich was at least the step-mother of Allan MacNab if not his full mother.

      Allan MacNab was a Lieutenant and served in the 3rd Dragoons, the 71st Highland Light Infantry, and the (Loyalist) Queen's Rangers.  Allan immigrated to Newark, Ontario, Canada (then the capital of the province of Upper Canada and presently known as Niagara-on-the-Lake) where he served as the principal aide-de-camp to General Simcoe, 1st Governor of Upper Canada, and commander of the Queen's Rangers.  Just prior to 1812, Simcoe disbanded the Queen's Rangers and moved his capital from Newark to "Muddy" York, Upper Canada (present-day Toronto, Ontario, Canada).  The MacNab family moved with Simcoe to York. 

      The Dictionary of Canadian Biography says the following about Allan MacNab:

      Allan Napier MacNab’s father had been a lieutenant in John Graves Simcoe’s 2nd corps of Queen’s Rangers which saw action in the American revolution. Put on half pay, he settled in York (Toronto) where he was denied further military preferment and a high civil placement. A sometimes bankrupt Allan MacNab struggled on the fringe of Upper Canada’s Tory society.

      Allan married on 31 MAY 1792 in Holy Trinity Cathedral, Quebec, Quebec, Canada to Anne Nancy NAPIER b: AUG 1772 in Quebec, Quebec, Canada, daughter of Capt. William Napier, commissioner of the port of Quebec, Lower Canada.  They had the following children (among others not shown here):

      1. Has Children The Hon. Sir Allan Napier MACNAB , 1st Baronet of Dundurn Castle, Premier of the United Provinces of Canada, b: 19 FEB 1798 in Newark (Niagara-on-the-Lake), Lincoln, Ontario, Canada.  At the age of only 14, Allan fought in, and was a "hero" of, the War of 1812.  He became a lawyer and moved to Hamilton, Ontario, Canada where he made a sizeable fortune in land speculation.  He was for many years the representative for the city of Hamilton in the provincial Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada and served as the Premier of the United Provinces of Canada from 1854-1856, just prior to Confederation and was succeeded by Sir John A. MacDonald, first Prime Minister of Canada.  Sir Allan purchased a 72 room, 18,000 square foot mansion in Hamilton which he named "Dundurn Castle" in honour of his ancestral home in Dundurn, Upper Strathearn, Perthshire, Scotland.  Sir Allan married firstly to Elizabeth BROOKE by whom he had a son who died young, and secondly on 30 SEP 1831 in Canada to Mary STUART b: 30 MAR 1812 in Brockville, Leeds, Ontario, Canada, by whom he had:
        1. Has Children Sophia Mary MACNAB b: 05 JUL 1832 in Hamilton, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada.  She married on 15 NOV 1855 in Dundurn Castle, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada to The Rt. Hon. William Coutts KEPPEL Viscount Bury and 7th Earl of Albermarle b: 15 APR 1832 in Ockley, Surrey, England.  They had many children including:
          1. Has Children George KEPPEL b: 14 OCT 1865 in London, Middlesex, England.  George married on 01 JUN 1891 in England to Alice Frederica EDMONSTONE b: 1869 in Dunreath, Strathblane, Stirlingshire, Scotland.  They had children including:
            1. Has Children Sonia Rosemary KEPPEL b: 24 MAY 1900 in England.  She married on 16 NOV 1920 in Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, London, England to Roland Calvert CUBITT b: 26 JAN 1899 in Prince Gate, Kensington, London, England.  They had children including:
              1. Has Children Rosalind Maud CUBITT b: 11 AUG 1921 in Grosvenor, London, England.  Rosalind married Maj. Bruce Middleton Hope SHAND.  They had children including:
                1. Image:Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.jpgCamilla Rosemary SHAND, Duchess of Cornwall and Rothesay.  She married firstly to Brig. Gen. Andrew Henry PARKER-BOWLES, whom she divorced.  She married secondly to HRH Charles, Prince of Wales.
      2. Has No Children David Archibald MACNAB
    2. Has No Children Margaret MCNAB b: 31 AUG 1772 in Dundurn, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland
    3. Has No Children Archibald MCNAB b: 2 JAN 1774 in Dundurn, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland
    4. Has No Children Ann MCNAB b: 9 JUL 1775 in Dundurn, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland
    5. Has No Children Elizabeth MCNAB b: 16 MAY 1779 in Dundurn, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland
    6. Has No Children James MCNAB b: 4 OCT 1780 in Dundurn, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland
    7. Has No Children Margaret MCNAB b: 2 FEB 1784 in Dundurn, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland

    Jean Stewart may have married secondly on 17 JUL 1784 in Balquhidder to James STEWART in Carstran, in which she is recorded as "Jean Stewart in Ardvorlich".  It is not known if they had any children.

  2. Has No Children Margaret STEWART b: ABT 15 MAY 1750 in Balimeanach, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.
  3. Has No Children Catharine STEWART b: ABT 29 JUL 1751 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.
  4. Has Children William STEWART , 8th of Ardvorlich b: 10 JUN 1754 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom below.
  5. Has No Children John STEWART b: ABT 30 JAN 1756 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.  Comrie OPR: "30 JAN 1756 Robert STEWART of Ardvorlich and Margaret STEWART his lady had their son baptised named John."
  6. Has No Children James STEWART b: ABT 2 SEP 1758 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.

William Stewart, 8th of Ardvorlich, Factor of Breadalbane


Edinample Castle shown in proximity to Ardvorlich
www.multimap.com

Edinample Castle
Home to the Campbell Earls of Breadalbane
photo source unknown

William Stewart, 8th of Ardvorlich, b: 10 JUN 1754 in Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland, shown above as the son of Robert Steuart 7th of Ardvorlich and Margaret Stewart.  William is the person referred to as "the present Mister Stewart" in Stewarts of the South.  William Stewart served as Chamberlain and Factor to the Earl of Breadalbane at Edinample Castle, located just west of Ardvorlich on the south shore of Loch Earn.  William married on 28 AUG 1797 in Comrie, Perthshire or Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland, to Helen MAXTONE, daughter of James Maxtone of Cultoquhey. She was born 16 APR 1769 in Fowlis Wester, Perthshire, Scotland.  Interestingly, their marriage is recorded in Comrie as well as Edinburgh.  It is speculated, therefore, that they were married in Edinburgh, and that the marriage was also recorded in their home parish of Comrie.  William and Helen had the following family:

  1. Has No Children Robert STEWART, 9th of Ardvorlich b: 25 AUG 1799 in Ardvorlich, Comrie parish, Perthshire, Scotland.  This Robert Stewart's birth is recorded by the Stewarts of the South, as follows: "William Stewart Esqur the present proprietor four sons 1 Robert 2 John 3 Willm 4 Anthony." This is the Robert Stewart of Ardvorlich who corresponded with Sir Walter Scott in the preface to A Legend of Montrose.  Robert Stewart died without children and was succeeded by his nephew, William Stewart
  2. Has No Children James STEWART b: ABT 25 DEC 1800 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland who died as a child.
  3. Has No Children John STEWART b: ABT 3 SEP 1802 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland of whom nothing is known.
  4. Has Children Maj. William Murray STEWART b: ABT 27 MAR 1804 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  William is described in Stewarts of the South as follows: "William Stewart Esqur the presant proprietor four sons 1 Robert 2 John 3 Willm 4 Anthony." In addition MacGregor gives a full report. William attained the rank of Major in the 22nd Bengal Lancers and fought in the Indian Wars.  William married in 1826 to Charlotte DEBNAM. They had the following children:
    1. Has Children Capt. William STEWART, HEIC and 10th of Ardvorlich b: 5 JUN 1827 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  William married Jane Emily Turnley nee WILSON and had a son and daughter. William and his wife and infant son were all killed at the Mutiny of Gwalior in Bengal, India on 14 Jun 1857. Only their daughter survived. She returned to Scotland where she married and had children. The lands of Ardvorlich then passed to William's brother, Robert.

      Memorial in Dundurn Chapel: "Sacred to the memory of William Stewart, Esquire, of Ardvorlich, eldest son of the late Major W.M. Stewart of the Bengal Army, Lieutenant in the Honourable East India Company's Bengal Artillery, and Captain Commandant of a battery in Scindiah's contingent, who was severely wounded in the execution of his duty at Gwalior on the night of the 14th of June 1857, by the mutinous Sepoys and by them murdered on the following morning, aged 30 years. Also to the memory of his wife Jane Turnley, aged 27 years, youngest daughter of the late Hill Willson Esquire, Lieutenant in the Honourable East India Company's Bengal Engineers; and their son Robert Walter aged 2 years, who were killed on the night of the 14th idem, among the first victims of the Mutiny of Gwalior in the East Indies where the remains of both the parents and child lie interred. This tablet is erected by his widowed mother and her children."

      1. Has Children Charlotte Fanning STEWART b: 1853 in Daon Dum, Bengal, India.  Charlotte's parents and brother were murdered at the Mutiny of Gwalior in India. Charlotte was the only member of the family to survive. In 1871 Charlotte was residing with her uncle, Capt. George Stewart, at Battleby House, Redgorton, Perthshire, Scotland in the care or James Maxtone-Graham.  Charlotte married on 20 AUG 1873 to James Henry Ramsay 10th Baronet of BANFF b: 21 MAY 1832 in Banff, Banffshire, Scotland.  They had the following children:


        Katharine Marjory Ramsay, Duchess of Atholl, 1927
        http://thepeerage.com/022189_001.jpg


        Lt. Nigel Neis Ramsay
        submitted by John Rae

        1.  Has No Children Katherine Marjory RAMSAY Duchess of Atholl DBE and MP b: 1874 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.  Katherine had a noteworthy public and political career as the first female Member of Parliament.  A full biography of her can be found on Wikipedia.  Katherine married on 20 JUL 1899 in St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, London, England to John George STEWART-MURRAY 8th Duke of Atholl and Marquess of Tillibardine KT GCVO CB DSO PC ADC.  They had no children.
        2. Has No Children Lt. Nigel Neis RAMSAY b: 1876 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.  Nigel was educated at Winchester College and also Royal Military College, Sandhurst, where he gained the sword of honour. Lt Nigel Neis Ramsay 2nd Battalion Black Watch, Royal Highlanders, was killed in action at Magersfontein during the Boer War on the 11th December 1899, aged 23 years. A rather unique memorial to him is located inside St Ninians Episcopal Church, Alyth. A brass effigy of Lt. Ramsay exists in the church and is available for brass rubbings.
      2. Has No Children Robert Walter STEWART b: 1855 in India.  Robert and his parents were killed at the Mutiny of Gwalior in Bengal, India on 14 Jun 1857.
    2. Has Children Col. Robert STEWART, 11th of Ardvorlich b: 15 SEP 1829 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  Robert served in the Bengal Artillery.  He married on 9 AUG 1860 in Monzie, Perthshire, Scotland to Charlotte Joanna MURRAY.  They had several children.  However all but one daughter, Charlotte Stewart, did not survive.
      1. Has No Children Charlotte STEWART b: 30 SEP 1863 in Perthshire, Scotland.  Charlotte never married.  She died in 1916 and is buried in Ochtertyre Cemetery.
      2. Other unknown children who did not survive.
    3. Has No Children Charlotte STEWART b: 1831 in Scotland or India.  Charlotte married on 24 APR 1851 in Bengal, India to William ROBERTS b: UNKNOWN.  They had children whose names are not known to the Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group.
    4. Has Children Col. John STEWART, 12th of Ardvorlich, C.I.E. b: 24 MAR 1833 in Bengal, India. 
      1. His information and descendants are presented immediately below.
    5. Has Children Col. Anthony STEWART b: 20 SEP 1834 in India.  Anthony attained the rank of Colonel in the Bengal Staff Corps.  In 1881 Anthony's wife and children were residing in Preston, Sussex, England. Anthony was absent at the time of the census.  Anthony married on 7 MAY 1857 in Bengal, India to Charlotte Pretyman BARLOW b: ABT 1835 in England.  They had the following children:

      1. Has No Children Alice Murray STEWART b: 23 MAY 1859 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
      2. Has No Children Amy Helen Henrietta STEWART b: 4 JUN 1862 in Chr Lahore, West Bengal, India
      3. Has No Children Capt. James Anthony STEWART , R.A. b: 3 JAN 1868 in Bengal, India
      4. Has No Children Lieut. Col. Robert Joseph Tucker STEWART b: 18 AUG 1872 in Umballa, West Bengal, India.  Robert served in the Indian army.
      5. Has No Children Capt. Walter Fitz Alan STEWART b: 3 FEB 1874 in Umballa, West Bengal, India.  Walter served in the Indian Army.
    6. Has Children James Raphael STEWART, M.A., b: 14 FEB 1837 in Northwest Province, India.  James worked as a clerk in the exchequer.  James married on 12 OCT 1869 in Whitewell, Hampshire, England to Annette Louisa CHEAPE b: 1839 in India, daughter of John Cheape.  They had the following children:
      1. Has No Children Margaret STEWART b: 1871 in St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
      2. Has No Children Marjory C A STEWART b: 1874 in St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
      3. Has No Children Lieut. Col. William Murray STEWART C.M.G. and D.S.O b: 1876 in St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.  As a boy, William attended Guildford Royal Grammar School in Guildford, Surrey, England. William served in the Cameron Highlanders and was awarded the Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George and the Distinguished Service Order.  William married Frances Alice Debnam COLLIS.
      4. Has No Children Elizabeth D STEWART b: 1879 in Inverkeithing, Fife, Scotland
    7. Has No Children Maj. Gen. George STEWART, C.B., b: 20 JUL 1839 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  George attained the rank of Commandant of the Cavalry Guide Corps and Major General in the Bengal Staff Corps.  He married Marie Menteith DOUGLAS.  It is believed they had no children.
    8. Has No Children Theodore Henry STEWART b: 1843 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  Theodore married Alice OSBOURNE and had issue.
  5. Has No Children Marjory STEWART of Ardvorlich Cottage b: 27 AUG 1805 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  She resided at Ardvorlich Cottage and never married.
  6. Has No Children Anthony STEWART b: 23 NOV 1807 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland. Anthony was a medical student in Edinburgh and died at age 20.

Col. John Stewart, 12th of Ardvorlich
from Strathyre, Balquhidder & Lochearnhead in Old Photographs by Ewan W. Cameron.


Capt. William Debnam MacLaren Stewart
submitted by John Rae, source unknown.

Col. John Stewart, C.I.E., 12th of Ardvorlich

Col. John STEWART, Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 12th of Ardvorlich, was born 24 MAR 1833 in Chunar, Bengal, India, shown above as a son of Maj. William Murray Stewart and Charlotte Debnam.  He married on 14 JUL 1857 to Elizabeth Magdalene Amelia WEBSTER, daughter of General Thomas Webster of Balgarvie.  He entered the Royal Bengal Artillery in 1857 and during the Mutiny was employed protecting the communications of the Bengal Armyin Oudh.  He became a Colonel in 1882 and in that same year he succeeded his brothers to the lands of Ardvorlich.  In 1888 he retired to the lands of Ardvorlich.  John and Amelia had the following children:

  1. Has Children Maj. William STEWART , 13th of Ardvorlich b: 8 OCT 1859 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  He served in the Indian Army and as Governor of H.M.'s Prisons in Scotland.  He married on 22 JUL 1891 to Sarah Lily Mary MACLAREN b: 16 FEB 1864 in London, Middlesex, England as the daughter of Dr. Alexander Connel MacLaren, whose grandmother was Ruth Stewart of the Stewarts of Drumvaich (of the Annat family) .  They had the following children:
    1. Has No Children Capt. William Debnam MacLaren STEWART, b: 15 APR 1893 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  Captain William Debnam MacLaren Stewart, younger of Advorlich, was born on the 15th April 1893. He was educated at Wellington College which was founded in 1853 in memory to the Duke of Wellington. It is one of England's largest and most exclusive public schools. William played in the college XV. He joined the Black Watch in 1914 at Aldershot, and soon after was posted to the 2nd Battalion in India. On the declaration of war, he left with his battalion for France, reaching the Western Front in October, 1914. He took part in various actions, including neuve Chapelle and Richbourg I'Avone, where he was wounded. He returned to the front in October, 1915, when he got his company, and transferred to the 1st battalion. He was killed in action aged 23 years at the Battle of the Somme, near Fleurs, on 25th September, 1916. He was mentioned in Sir Douglas Haig's dispatch on 9th April 1916. Captain Stewart was the eldest son of Major William Stewart, 13th of Ardvorlich, and Lily MacLaren Stewart. Lily MacLaren Stewart's grandmother was Ruth Stewart, of the Stewarts of Drumvaich, of the Annat family. Captain Stewart was also the grandson of Colonel John Stewart, R.A.,C.I.E. the 12th of Ardvorlich, and is remembered in Dundurn Parish Church, roll of honour.
    2. Has No Children Mary STEWART b: 30 APR 1898 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland
    3. Has No Children Marjory Lily MacLaren STEWART b: 19 APR 1902 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.
    4. Has Children Major John Alexander MacLaren STEWART, 14th of Ardvorlich, b: 25 MAR 1904 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  He published several genealogical works particularly for the Carmichael and Stewart families.  He married on 23 APR 1930 to Violet Hermione CAMERON Of Lochiel b: 8 MAY 1907 in Scotland.  They had the following children:
      1. Living STEWART.  Her name is not published for privacy reasons.
      2. Has Children Alexander "Sandy" Donald STEWART, 15th and present of Ardvorlich. His data is not published for privacy reasons.
        1. His descendants are not published for privacy reasons.
  2. Has No Children Mabel STEWART b: 30 OCT 1860 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland
  3. Has No Children Lilian STEWART b: 7 OCT 1863 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland
  4. Has No Children Ethel Mary STEWART b: 1864 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland
  5. Has No Children Helen Lucy STEWART b: 1867 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland
  6. Has No Children Lieut. John Lindsay STEWART b: 24 OCT 1875 Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  He served in the 11th Bengal Lancers.  He died unmarried in 1902.
  7. Has No Children Augustus Baird STEWART b: 1 OCT 1877 in Ardvorlich, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.  He died as a teenager.

Cadet Branches

Click on any of the family headings to be taken to that family's page:

  1. I Branch - Clan Slioch Toigh Nellain
    This is the early main branch of the family and is presented in full detail above.
    Primary Residence(s): Ardvorlich
    Secondary Residence(s): Doune Castle, Glen Finglas, Stirling, McCorriston, Craigton, Edinburgh, Lurgavowie, Gardeith.
  2. II Branch - The Stewarts of Balimeanach and Ardvorlich
    The Stewarts of Balimeanach later became the Stewarts of Ardvorlich after I Branch died out.  They are presented in full above.
    Primary Residence(s): Balimeanach, Ardvorlich
    1. The Stewarts of Laggan
      This branch is erroneously accounted in Stewarts of the South as a cadet of II Branch - The Stewarts of Balimeanach.
      Primary Residence(s): Balimeanach of Ardvorlich, Laggan
      Secondary Residence(s): Ardvorlich, Ardoch
      Tertiary Residence(s): Kincardine

  3. III Branch (Auchraig) - Clan Sliochd Alastair Oaig
    Primary Residence(s): Auchraig, Inchcallbeg, Grodich, Monbreachy, Letter of Strathgartney, Ruchoais, Cuilantogle, Drunkie (Invertrossachs)
    Secondary Residence(s): Callander, Auchyle, Glasgow, Toighbaid, Milton of Aberfoyle
  4. IV Branch - "Letter Stewarts"
    Primary Residence(s): Auchraig, Letter of Auchraigh, Radnaik, Auchmore, Ward of Goodie, Broich
  5. V Branch - The Tulloch Stewarts
    Primary Residence(s): Tulloch, Clachglas of Glenbuckie
    Secondary Residence(s):Lecreich, Invercarnaig, Alloa, Campsie, Glasgow, Callander, Summerline, Kirkline
    Tertiary Residence(s): Blarcreich, Wester Auchtow
    Emigration(s): "America"
    VI Branch (Lednascridan) - The "Flint" Stewarts, Clan Sliochd Sheumais Chrosts
    Primary Residence(s): Lednascridan, Tulloch, Finglen, Stronyre
    Secondary Residence(s): Stronslany, Woodend of Balquhidder, Blarcreich, Drunkie (Invertrossachs), Dallanlaggan, Edinburgh, Drumlich, Glasgow, Invernenty, Invercarnaig, Monachyle Tuarach, Blartannach, Renfrew, Ballemeanoch of Glenbuckie, Duart, Groddich,
    Tertiary Residence(s): Ledcreich, Auchtow Mor, Kirkton of Balquhidder, Craigruie, Inverlochlarig Beg, Inverlochlarigh Mor, Ballifoile, Gartnafuaran, Stronvar Beg, Drip Moss
    Emigration(s): "America"
  6. VII Branch (Dalveich) - Clan Sliochd Iain Duibh Mhor
    Primary Residence(s): Dalveich, Ardveich, Glenbeich, Carnlea, Leachdan of Achraw, Walbeich
    Secondary Residence(s): Lochearnead, Thornhill, Greenloaning, Kip, Killin, Kincardine parish, Ruinacraig, Summerline, Gartnafuaran, St. Fillans, Stronvar, Ballemenoch of Glenbuckie, Campbelltown in Argyll, Ashinranoch, Coilmore, Easter Glentarken, Moral, Coilantogle
    Tertiary Residence(s): Alloa, Rossline, Comrie Village
    Emigration(s): Renfrew County, Ontario, Canada; Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Québec, Canada; Ireland
  7. VIII Branch - The Annat Family
    Primary Residence(s): Annat, Portnellan, Ardcheanochdan, Drumvaich, Milton of Cambus, Glassingall, Ballachallan, Glen Finglas, Craigton, Powblack, Rait, Glenhead, Lendrick
    Secondary Residence(s): Edinburgh, Argaty, Aberfoyle, Kinross, Norrieston, Kinross, Edinburgh, Ballacaish, Kippen, Dunblane, Carse of Cambus, Stirling
    Tertiary Residence(s): Doune, Offrans, Crieff,
    Emigration(s): Maryland, USA; India; British Columbia, Canada
  8. IX Branch - The Bains of Glenfinglas in Auchnahard, Clan Sliochd Iain Buigh Mhor
    Primary Residence(s):Auchnahard, Duart, Grodich, Dunan in Ardvorlich, Invercarnaig, Glasgow, Tighbhavid, Cambusburn
    Secondary Residence(s): Inverlochlarig, Milton of Callander, Blairgarry, Bochastle, Callander Town, Coilantogle, Tarnduin, Drunkie (Invertrossachs), Coirchavie
    Tertiary Residence(s): Breanachoile
    Emigration(s):
  9. X Branch - The Stewarts in Ballachallan
    The Stewarts of Ballachallan are a cadet branch of the Stewarts of Annat.  See VIII Branch above.
  10. (XI Branch?) Campsie Family of Ardvorlich
    This family has not yet been accounted for.
    Primary Residence(s): Campsie
    Secondary Residence(s): Kirkton of Campsie
  11. The Stewarts of Hythie
    This family is not accounted for in Stewarts of the South and thus does not have a branch number.
    Primary Residence(s): Hythie in Old Deer, Aberdeen
    Secondary Residence(s): New Aberdour in Aberdeen
    Emigration(s): London, England; Dekalb, Illinois, USA, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.


"Clach Dearg" - (at Ardvorlich), drawing by James Drummond (www.rls.org.uk)

The Clach Dearg

The Stewarts of Ardvorlich owned a sweet red charm-stone known as the clach dearg (Gaelic for "red stone", pronounced "klachk jeerk"),  which, it is said, had the properties to cure sick cattle when they drank water in which it had been dipped. This stone was originally owned by the Stewarts of Balquhidder, and family tradition asserts that it was brought back from the Crusades.  -- I. Moncrieffe, The Highland Clans (London, 1967), 21.

Perthshire Diary 2 SEP 1745 has the following to say about the Clach Dearg:

Many of the old Highland chiefs were men of great sophistication and education. Yet they were also capable of accepting without question the efficacy and powers of certain ancient stones and talismans.

The Clach Dhearg (Red stone) of Ardvorlich is a case in point. It was said to have been brought back from the Crusades in the 14th Century. It was a crystal ball mounted in silver and was owned by the Stewarts of Balquhidder.

Owners of sick cattle from a large area would come with kegs of water to Ardvorlich. There, the custodian’s wife would dangle the stone by a chain in the water, rotating it three times clockwise while reciting a Gaelic charm. Providing the owner took the keg of water straight home without entering any house on the way the water was deemed a sure cure for sick cattle.

The importance of the Clach Dhearg was such that in a dispute over the chieftainship of the Stewarts of Balquhidder, the issue was settled on Mac Mhic Bhaltair because he had possession of the stone.

The Ardvorlich Lands

The Stewarts of the South letter, mentioned below, gives an account of the lands held by the Ardvorlichs at the beginning of the 19th century.  The values given for the lands are a reference to their annual rental value.

bullet1 Ardvorlich estate about £600 per annum.
bullet2 They had MacCurrastan in Monteith, Down (Doune) parish, which is now the Earl of Murray's property. A part of the staircase is still remaining as well as the orchard.  A family of the name of MacCurrastan resided here and the family of Ardvorlich occasionally.  This part was sold by the late Robert of Ardvorlich's father to Hume of Argadie, to whom David Stewart of Balchallan was heir.  David Stewart of Ballachallan, in turn, sold it to Lord Doun, which he much regretted afterwards.  It lies adjacent to the Carse of Frews, a large property of the Earl of Murray - rent £200
bullet3 Auchraig & Letter Do, which are at present Benny Munrow's property sold by the late Robert's father to a family of the name of Stirling, who sold it again to one McFarlane, from whom the late David of Balchallan swindled it. £300 rent.  Although they were his sister's children it was once a grazing place to the Ardvorlich family.
bullet4 Wester Town of Argadie sold by the late Robert's father to the present Lord Down's great-grandfather. £150 of rent.
bullet5 Tombeath near ?Anie, Callander parish, now sold by the family of Drummond to Stirling of Kier
bullet6 Druimardoch, Braes of Lenny, now Buchanan of Lennys, bought from Drummond of Perth
bullet7 Stroineadragain Brealenny sold by the late Robert's father to the Perth family. The whole £350 of rent.
bullet8 Tommferrain in Munivaird parish, now belonging to Lord Balgray.  Once belonging to Riddoch, proprietors of a great part of Strathearn.  This farm was sold rather in a compulsive way by Major Stewart's son (Robert Stewart, 3rd Ardvorlich) to Campbell of Lawirs as they were in great power at that time. Lawirs or Ardle or Fordie once belonged to Riddoch before the Campbells got it. 
bulletBesides the above mentioned, the Ardvorlich family had the lucrative tack of one-fourth of Glenfinglas and other tacks from the family of Perth. 

Research Leads

The following gravestone is found in Dundurn Cemetery, Lochearnside.  As this cemetery is reserved solely for the Stewarts of Ardvorlich, then the following entry must be from this family, although he has not presently been accounted for.

In memory of John Stewart, for 45 years the Head Forester to his Grace the Duke of Argyll at Inverary Castle, who died at Crieff on 27 FEB 1892, aged 78 years. Also Margaret Rodger his wife who died at Kingsbarns 11 MAY 1902.

John STEWART, b. ABT 1814.  He married on 26 AUG 1857 in Inverary and Glenaray, Argyll, Scotland to Margaret RODGERS.  The IGI shows no children for this family.

Links

Description Location
A brief history of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich http://www.scottish-towns.co.uk/perthshire/fillans/stewarts.html
Geography and history of Ardvorlich http://www.incallander.co.uk/drive3.htm
Photo of Loch Earn http://www.scotcolour.com/southernpm/Loch Earnardvorlich.htm
Description of Ardvorlich house http://www.chuckspeed.com/balquhidder/history/ardvorlich.html
The murder of Lord Kilpont http://www.perthshirediary.com/html/day0301.html
General information on Strathearn http://www.strathearn.com
A genealogy of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/british/ss4tz/stewart15.htm
Debating the "official" version of the death of John Drummonderinoch http://www.employees.org/~mcgregor/clan_library/clan_library_drummond-ernoch.html
Battle of Tippermuir (death of Harry Stewart of Ardvorlich, murder of Lord Kilpont by James Stewart of Ardvorlich) http://www.theteacher99.btinternet.co.uk/ecivil/tippermuir.htm
Comrie information http://www.scottish-towns.co.uk/perthshire/comrie/index.html
Genealogies of Mediaeval British families http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/genfam.htm
European Royalty and Nobility http://worldroots.com/brigitte/royal/royal00.htm
Stewarts of Balquhidder http://www.rootsweb.com/~onwellin/pioneers/1pioneers.htm
Another Ardvorlich Genealogy http://www.alsiris.com/g/d2/I004241.shtml
Clan Stewart at Electric Scotland http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/stoz/stewart.html
Online Gaelic Dictionaries http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/search.html
Another Online Gaelic Dictionary http://www.sst.ph.ic.ac.uk/angus/Faclair/
Genuki Perthshire http://external.tayvalleyfhs.org.uk/genuki/PER/
The Landed Families of Strathearn by Gordon MacGregor See note here
Balquhidder MacGregor Marriages http://www.clangregor.org/macgregor/parish-balqm.htm
General Perthshire Information http://www.perthshire-scotland.co.uk/
The Stewart Society http://www.stewartsociety.org/
Partial Ancestry of Ardvorlich (cntrl-F "Ardvorlich" -- you'll find it) http://homepage.tinet.ie/~donnaweb/info/article11.html
King Robert the Bruce http://www.scotlandspast.org/robert1274.cfm
Highland Perthshire http://www.heartlander.scotland.net/
Perthshire GenWeb Project http://www.rootsweb.com/~sctper/
Scottish Parish Statistical Accounts http://edina.ac.uk/stat-acc-scot/
Stewart Clan Magazine Index http://users.hol.gr/~mkyritsi/index.htm
Balquhidder Information http://www.stronvar.co.uk/balquhidder/index.htm

Sources

I find it just too cumbersome to give a footnote to each of the thousands of ancestors and descendants of the Ardvorlich Stewarts, so I have compiled a list of my primary source information here for others to reference.  If you have questions about the source of a particular entry please contact me and I will do my best to answer your question.

For the descendant lines of the Ardvorlich family our primary sources are:

bullet The Landed Families of Strathearn, by Gordon MacGregor, 2003, (see the link list above).
bulletThe Stewarts of the South believed to be authored by Captain James Stewart, ca 1820.  This letter can be found elsewhere on this site with a more full explanation.
bulletPrivate correspondence with the Stewart Society.
bulletParish records for Comrie, Balquhidder and surrounding parishes
bulletScottish census records 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 188, 1891, 1901
bulletVarious testaments and sasines
bulletVarious contributions by private researchers descended from the Ardvorlich Stewarts

For the ancestral lines of the Ardvorlich family our primary sources are:

bulletThe Landed Families of Strathearn, by Gordon MacGregor (see above).  This is my primary source for the noble landed families.
bulletThe Settlements of Western Perthshire, by James Stewart, Pentland Press,1990 (out of print).
bulletGenealogy of the Stewarts, by Duncan Stewart, 1739.
bulletThe Heraldry of the Stewarts, by G. Harvey Johnston, Edinburgh, 1906.
bulletBritain's Royal Families, by Alison Weir, Pimlico Publishing, 2002.
bulletThe Kings and Queens of Britain, by John Cannon and Anne Hargreaves, Oxford Publishing, 2001.
bulletwww.stirnet.com . Where MacGregor stops, this website picks up.  I realize the hazards of relying on websites for genealogical data, and genealogy websites abound with varying quality, but this site provides good source information and seems to be one of the more reliable online sources.

I have been criticized by some for including legendary ancestors in my database, but where I have done so I have tried to indicate it in the notes.  However any serious genealogist should read the older data with an eye of scepticism anyway.  Any data that is over 1000 years old should not be considered entirely reliable.  I include this information for my own enjoyment.  Please feel free to ignore the legendary data if it does not meet your standards.

Index & Personal Information Pages (GEDCOM)

For more information on any individual person featured on this page, please:
1. click on the INDEX button below,
2. then select the first letter of the surname you are looking for.

INDEX (On-line)

The index button will take you to my searchable GEDCOM database hosted by RootsWeb's World Connect Project. This allows you to download my GEDCOM in 10-generation chunks.  Then you can import my data directly into your own genealogy program without having to retype it.

Legend

Has Children = This person has known descendants.

ABT = "about" and is used in three ways:

  1. Where it precedes a precise date of birth, such as "ABT 3 DEC 1855", then it means that the person was baptized on 3 DEC 1795, but his/her exact date of birth is unknown.

  2. Where it precedes a semi-precise date of birth with the month only given, such as "ABT DEC 1855", then that means that the birth is recorded in the civil birth registrations for the quarter ending with that month.  Thus the person's birth was registered sometime between the beginning of October 1855 and the end of December 1855, but no baptism record has been found nor any more precise birth record.

  3. Where it precedes a year only, such as "ABT 1855", then it means that there is no information on the person's birth date at all and an educated guess has been made that he/she was probably born sometime around 1855.

Contact

Site hosted by: Ryk Brown & Chuck Speed. 
To contact the hosts, or any of our researchers, go to the
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This page was last updated on January 23, 2010

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