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Ancestors of Amy Russell Tolbert



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Prince Geoffrey of England, Duke of Brittany and Constance




Husband Prince Geoffrey of England, Duke of Brittany

           Born: 23 Nov 1158
     Christened: 
           Died: 19 Aug 1186
         Buried: 


         Father: Henry II "Curt Mantel" King Of Plantagenet, King of England (1133-1189) 1 2 3 4 5
         Mother: Princess Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) 1


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Constance (      -1201) - Jul 1181




Wife Constance 6

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1201
         Buried: 



Children

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Guy of Thouars and Constance , Duchess of Brittany




Husband Guy of Thouars

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Geoffroy IV of Thouars, Viscount of Thouars (      -      )
         Mother: Aimée de Lusignan (      -      )


       Marriage: 




Wife Constance , Duchess of Brittany

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 F Alix of Thouars

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Peter I of France, Duke of Brittany (      -      )




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John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Constance , of Castile




Husband John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster

           Born: 6 Mar 1340
     Christened: 
           Died: 3 Feb 1399
         Buried: 


         Father: Edward III , King of England (1312-1377) 1 6
         Mother: Philippa , of Hainault (1314-1369) 6 7


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Blanche , of Lancaster (      -      ) - 1359

   Other Spouse: Katherine Swynford (nee Roet) (1350-1403) - 13 Jan 1396 - Lincoln Cathedral




Wife Constance , of Castile

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 F Catherine of Gaunt

           Born: 1372
     Christened: 
           Died: 1418
         Buried: 



2 M John of Gaunt

           Born: 1374
     Christened: 
           Died: 1375
         Buried: 




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Roscelin de Beaumont and Constance , Princess of England




Husband Roscelin de Beaumont

           Born: Bef 1135
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 




Wife Constance , Princess of England

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Henry I "Beauclerc" England, King of England (1068-1135) 1 2 8 9 10
         Mother: Sibyl Corbet (      -Abt 1157)





Children
1 M Richard de Beaumont, I, Viscount of Maine

           Born: Abt 1130
     Christened: 
           Died: After 1194
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Lucie de L'Aigle (Abt 1130-After 1216)




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Constantine (Charles) , Count of Provence and Living




Husband Constantine (Charles) , Count of Provence

           Born: Abt 901
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 962
         Buried: 


         Father: Louis I the Blind , Byzantine Emperor (Abt 0880-0928)
         Mother: Anna (Abt 0886-Abt 0914)


       Marriage: 




Wife Living (details have been suppressed)

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children

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Constantine I , King of Scotland




Husband Constantine I , King of Scotland 6

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 877 - Atholl
         Buried:  - Iona, Ireland


         Father: Kenneth I "The Conqueror" MacAlpin, King of the Picts, 1st King of the Scots (Abt 0832-0858) 1 6
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 

Noted events in his life were:
• Reigned, 862-877

• Cause of Death, fighting the Vikings




Wife

           Born: 
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           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M Donald II "the Madman" , King of Scotland 6

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 900
         Buried:  - Iona, Ireland




Death Notes: Husband - Constantine I , King of Scotland

Died in battle.
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Constantine the Great , Roman Emperor and Fausta Flavia Maxima




Husband Constantine the Great , Roman Emperor 1




            AKA: Caesar Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus
           Born: 27 Feb 272 - Naissus, Illyria (modern-day Niš, Serbia)
     Christened: 
           Died: 22 May 337 - Nicomedia (modern-day Izmit, Turkey)
         Buried: 


         Father: Marcus Flavius Valerius Constantius I, Roman Emperor (0250-0306)
         Mother: Helen , of the Cross (0248-0328)


       Marriage: 

Noted events in his life were:
• Baptism, 22 May 337




Wife Fausta Flavia Maxima

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M Constantine II , Roman Emperor

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



2 M Constantius II , Roman Emperor 1

           Born: 317
     Christened: 
           Died: 361
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Fausta (      -      )



3 M Constans I , Western Roman Emperor 1

           Born: 323
     Christened: 
           Died: 350
         Buried: 




General Notes: Husband - Constantine the Great , Roman Emperor

Constantine the Great (about ad 274-337), Roman emperor (306-37), the
first Roman ruler to be converted to Christianity. He was the founder of
Constantinople (present-day Ìstanbul), which remained the capital of the
Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire until 1453.

Early Life

Constantine was born Flavius Valerius Constantinus at Nis in what is now
Yugoslavia, son of the commander Constantius Chlorus (later Constantius I)
and Helena (later Saint Helena), a camp follower. Constantius became
co-emperor in 305. Constantine, who had shown military talent in the East,
joined his father in Britain in 306. He was popular with the troops, who
proclaimed him emperor when Constantius died later the same year. Over the
next two decades, however, Constantine had to fight his rivals for the
throne, and he did not finally establish himself as sole ruler until 324.

Following the example of his father and earlier 3d-century emperors,
Constantine in his early life was a solar henotheist, believing that the
Roman sun god, Sol, was the visible manifestation of an invisible “Highest
God” (summus deus), who was the principle behind the universe. This god
was thought to be the companion of the Roman emperor. Constantine's
adherence to this faith is evident from his claim of having had a vision
of the sun god in 310 while in a grove of Apollo in Gaul. In 312, on the
eve of a battle against Maxentius (circa 250-312), his rival in Italy,
Constantine is reported to have dreamed that Christ appeared to him and
told him to inscribe the first two letters of his name (XP in Greek) on
the shields of his troops. The next day he is said to have seen a cross
superimposed on the sun and the words “in this sign you will be the
victor” (usually given in Latin, in hoc signo vinces). Constantine then
defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, near Rome. The
Senate hailed the victor as savior of the Roman people. Thus, Constantine,
who had been a pagan solar worshiper, now looked upon the Christian deity
as a bringer of victory. Persecution of the Christians was ended, and
Constantine's co-emperor, Licinius (270?-325), joined him in issuing the
Edict of Milan (313), which mandated toleration of Christians in the Roman
Empire. As guardian of Constantine's favored religion, the church was then
given legal rights and large financial donations.

Sole Ruler

A struggle for power soon began between Licinius and Constantine, from
which Constantine emerged in 324 as a victorious Christian champion. Now
emperor of both East and West, he began to implement important
administrative reforms. The army was reorganized, and the separation of
civil and military authority, begun by his predecessor, Diocletian, was
completed. The central government was run by Constantine and his council,
known as the sacrum consistorium. The Senate was given back the powers
that it had lost in the 3d century, and new gold coins (solidi) were
issued, which remained the standard of exchange until the end of the
Byzantine Empire.

Constantine intervened in ecclesiastical affairs to achieve unity; he
presided over the first ecumenical council of the church at Nicaea in 325.
He also began the building of Constantinople in 326 on the site of ancient
Greek Byzantium. The city was completed in 330 (later expanded), given
Roman institutions, and beautified by ancient Greek works of art. In
addition, Constantine built churches in the Holy Land, where his mother
(also a Christian) supposedly found the True Cross on which Jesus was
crucified. The emperor was baptized shortly before his death, on May 22,
337.

Evaluation

Constantine unified a tottering empire, reorganized the Roman state, and
set the stage for the final victory of Christianity at the end of the 4th
century. Many modern scholars accept the sincerity of his religious
conviction. His conversion was a gradual process; at first he probably
associated Christ with the victorious sun god. By the time of the Council
of Nicaea (325), however, he was completely Christian, but still tolerated
paganism among his subjects. Although criticized by his enemies as a
proponent of a crude and false religion, Constantine strengthened the
Roman Empire and ensured its survival in the East. As the first emperor to
rule in the name of Christ, he was a major figure in the foundation of
medieval Christian Europe.
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Constantius II , Roman Emperor and Fausta




Husband Constantius II , Roman Emperor 1

           Born: 317
     Christened: 
           Died: 361
         Buried: 


         Father: Constantine the Great , Roman Emperor (0272-0337) 1
         Mother: Fausta Flavia Maxima (      -      )


       Marriage: 

Noted events in his life were:
• Reigned, 351-361




Wife Fausta

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M Constantius III , Western Roman Emperor 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 421
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Placida (      -      )




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Constantius III , Western Roman Emperor and Placida




Husband Constantius III , Western Roman Emperor 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 421
         Buried: 


         Father: Constantius II , Roman Emperor (0317-0361) 1
         Mother: Fausta (      -      )


       Marriage: 

Noted events in his life were:
• Reigned, 421




Wife Placida

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M Valentinian III , Western Roman Emperor

           Born: 419
     Christened: 
           Died: 455
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Eudoxia (0422-      ) 1



2 F Placida

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




General Notes: Husband - Constantius III , Western Roman Emperor

Constantius III (died 421), Western Roman emperor (421). A general in the
service of the Western emperor Honorius (384-423), Constantius became
virtual ruler of the western provinces in 414, when he forced the
Visigoths out of Gaul into Spain. In 417 he married Honorius's sister,
Galla Placidia. The next year he recalled the Visigoths from Spain and
established a kingdom for them in southern Gaul under their ruler Wallia
(reigned 415-19). During the last year of his life, Constantius was
officially recognized by Honorius as co-emperor.
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Living




Husband Living (details have been suppressed)

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         Father: Living
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 




Wife (details have been suppressed)

           Born: 
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           Died: 
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Children
1 M Living (details have been suppressed)

           Born: 
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           Died: 
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Sources


1 Microsoft Encarta 1994 ed.

2 Jim Weber (https://myaccount.rootsweb.com/publicprofile?mn=jimweber110&kurl=http:%2F%2Fwc%2Erootsweb%2Eancestry%2Ecom%2Fcgi%2Dbin%2Figm%2Ecgi%3Fdb%3Djweber%26id%3DI03403%26op%3DGED).

3 Freeman, Marsha Colleen (Scully). "Buell Genealogy" pub. 1 Dec 1978.

4 Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, 142-1, 161-11.

5 Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on, Henry II.

6 Tauté, Anne. "The Kings and Queens of Great Britain" pub by Elm TreeBooks/Hamish Hamilton Ltd. Great Britain.//.

7 Camplin, Kathleen Marie. AOL user "Lorcalon."

8 Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, 161-9.

9 Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on, Henry I.

10 Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999, 262-27, 33a-23.


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