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Ancestors of Amy Russell Tolbert



picture
Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor and Himiltrud




Husband Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor 1




           Born: 2 Apr 742 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia)
     Christened:  - St Denis, Isle De France, France
           Died: 28 Jan 814 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia) 2
         Buried:  - Notre Dame D'aix La Chapelle, , Austrasia


         Father: King Pepin "The Short" of France, King of the Franks (0714-0768)
         Mother: Countess Bertrada II Of Laon (Abt 0720-0783) 3


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Desiderata (      -      ) 3 - 770

   Other Spouse: Fastrada (      -0794) 3 - 783

   Other Spouse: Liutgard (      -      ) 3

   Other Spouse: Madelgard (      -      ) 3

   Other Spouse: Gersvind (      -      ) 3

   Other Spouse: Regina (      -      ) 3

   Other Spouse: Adalind (      -      ) 3

   Other Spouse: Hildegard of Lizgau, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (Abt 0757-0783) - Abt 772 - Aachen, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany




Wife Himiltrud 3

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children

General Notes: Husband - Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor

His name in Latin is Carolus Magnus (Charles the Great), who led his
Frankish armies to victory over numerous other peoples and established his
rule in most of western and central Europe. He was the best-known and most
influential king in Europe in the Middle Ages.

Early Years

In 751 Pepin the Short dethroned the last Merovingian king and assumed the
royal title himself. He was crowned by Pope Stephen II in 754. Besides
anointing Pepin, Pope Stephen anointed both Charlemagne and his younger
brother Carloman.

Within the year Pepin invaded Italy to protect the pope against the
Lombards, and in 756 he again had to rush to the pope's aid. From 760 on,
Pepin's main military efforts went into the conquest of Aquitaine, the
lands south of the Loire River. Charlemagne accompanied his father on most
of these expeditions.

Campaigns

When Pepin died in 768, the rule of his realms was to be shared between
his two sons. Charlemagne sought an alliance with the Lombards by marrying
the daughter of their king, Desiderius (reigned 757-74). In 771 Carloman
died suddenly. Charlemagne then seized his territories, but Carloman's
heirs took refuge at the court of Desiderius. By that time Charlemagne had
repudiated his wife, and Desiderius was no longer friendly. In 772, when
Pope Adrian I appealed to Charlemagne for help against Desiderius, the
Frankish king invaded Italy, deposed his erstwhile father-in-law (774),
and himself assumed the royal title. He then journeyed to Rome and
reaffirmed his father's promise to protect papal lands. As early as 772
Charlemagne had fought onslaughts of the heathen Saxons on his lands.
Buoyed by his Italian success, he now (775) embarked on a campaign to
conquer and Christianize them. That campaign had some initial success but
was to drag on for 30 years, in which time he conducted many other
campaigns as well. He fought in Spain in 778; on the return trip his rear
guard, led by Roland, was ambushed, a story immortalized in The Song of
Roland. In 788 he subjected the Bavarians to his rule, and between 791 and
796 Charlemagne's armies conquered the empire of the Avars (corresponding
roughly to modern Hungary and Austria).

Coronation

Having thus established Frankish rule over so many other peoples,
Charlemagne had in fact built an empire and become an emperor. It remained
only for him to add the title. On Christmas Day, in 800, Charlemagne knelt
to pray in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Leo III then placed a
crown upon his head, and the people assembled in the church acclaimed him
the great, pacific emperor of the Romans.

Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, reported that the king was surprised by
this coronation and that had he known it was going to happen, he would not
have gone into the church that day. This report has led to much
speculation by historians. Charlemagne probably desired and expected to
get the imperial title and he subsequently used it. In 813 he designated
his sole surviving son, Louis, as his successor, and personally crowned
him.

Administration

Charlemagne established a more permanent royal capital than had any of his
predecessors. His favorite residence from 794 on was at Aix-la-Chapelle.
He had a church and a palace constructed there, based in part on
architectural borrowings from Ravenna and Rome. At his court he gathered
scholars from all over Europe, the most famous being the English cleric
Alcuin of York, whom he placed in charge of the palace school.

Administration of the empire was entrusted to some 250 royal
administrators called counts. Charlemagne issued hundreds of decrees,
called capitularies, dealing with a broad range of topics from judicial
and military matters to monasteries, education, and the management of
royal estates.

The empire did not expand after 800; indeed, already in the 790s the
seacoasts and river valleys experienced the first, dreaded visits of the
Vikings. Charlemagne ordered a special watch against them in every harbor,
but with little effect. He died before their full, destructive force was
unleashed on the empire.

Evaluation

Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the
size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation
that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic
warrior, who spent most of his adult life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns
he imposed baptism by the sword, and he retaliated against rebels with
merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and
prestige at the service of Christian doctrine, the monastic life, the
teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life,
held up as a model to most later kings, thus embodied the fusion of
Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European
civilization.
picture

Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor and Hildegard of Lizgau, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire




Husband Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor 1




           Born: 2 Apr 742 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia)
     Christened:  - St Denis, Isle De France, France
           Died: 28 Jan 814 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia) 2
         Buried:  - Notre Dame D'aix La Chapelle, , Austrasia


         Father: King Pepin "The Short" of France, King of the Franks (0714-0768)
         Mother: Countess Bertrada II Of Laon (Abt 0720-0783) 3


       Marriage: Abt 772 - Aachen, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany

   Other Spouse: Desiderata (      -      ) 3 - 770

   Other Spouse: Fastrada (      -0794) 3 - 783

   Other Spouse: Liutgard (      -      ) 3

   Other Spouse: Madelgard (      -      ) 3

   Other Spouse: Gersvind (      -      ) 3

   Other Spouse: Regina (      -      ) 3

   Other Spouse: Adalind (      -      ) 3

   Other Spouse: Himiltrud (      -      ) 3




Wife Hildegard of Lizgau, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire

           Born: Abt 757 - Aachen, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
     Christened: 
           Died: 30 Apr 783 - Thionville, Austrasia
         Buried:  - Abbaye De St Arnoul, Metz, , Lorraine, France


         Father: Gerold I , Count in Vinzgau (Abt 0710-      ) 3
         Mother: Duchess Imma Of Swabia (Abt 0736-      ) 3





Children
1 F Bertha , Princess of The Holy Roman Empire 3

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Angilbert (      -      ) 3



2 F Rotrude , Princess of The Holy Roman Empire 3

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 810
         Buried: 



3 M Charles "the Younger" , Emperor of The Holy Roman Empire 3

           Born: 772
     Christened: 
           Died: 811
         Buried: 



4 F Adelaide , Princess of The Holy Roman Empire 3

           Born: 772
     Christened: 
           Died: 774
         Buried: 



5 M King Pippin/Pepin IV (Carloman) of Italy

           Born: Apr 773 - Aachen, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
     Christened: 12 Apr 781 - Rome, , Italy
           Died: 8 Jul 810 - Milan, , Lombardia, Italy
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Bertha , Queen of Italy (Abt 0777-      )



6 M Lothaire , Prince of The Holy Roman Empire 3

           Born: 778
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



7 M Louis I "The Pious" , Emperor of The Holy Roman Empire 1 4




           Born: Abt 799 - Casseneuil, , Aquitaine, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 20 Jun 840 - Ingelheim, , Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Ermengarde d'Esbay, Empress of The Holy Roman Empire (Abt 0800-0851) 4
           Marr: 794
         Spouse: Judith , of Bavaria (Abt 0805-0843) 4




General Notes: Husband - Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor

His name in Latin is Carolus Magnus (Charles the Great), who led his
Frankish armies to victory over numerous other peoples and established his
rule in most of western and central Europe. He was the best-known and most
influential king in Europe in the Middle Ages.

Early Years

In 751 Pepin the Short dethroned the last Merovingian king and assumed the
royal title himself. He was crowned by Pope Stephen II in 754. Besides
anointing Pepin, Pope Stephen anointed both Charlemagne and his younger
brother Carloman.

Within the year Pepin invaded Italy to protect the pope against the
Lombards, and in 756 he again had to rush to the pope's aid. From 760 on,
Pepin's main military efforts went into the conquest of Aquitaine, the
lands south of the Loire River. Charlemagne accompanied his father on most
of these expeditions.

Campaigns

When Pepin died in 768, the rule of his realms was to be shared between
his two sons. Charlemagne sought an alliance with the Lombards by marrying
the daughter of their king, Desiderius (reigned 757-74). In 771 Carloman
died suddenly. Charlemagne then seized his territories, but Carloman's
heirs took refuge at the court of Desiderius. By that time Charlemagne had
repudiated his wife, and Desiderius was no longer friendly. In 772, when
Pope Adrian I appealed to Charlemagne for help against Desiderius, the
Frankish king invaded Italy, deposed his erstwhile father-in-law (774),
and himself assumed the royal title. He then journeyed to Rome and
reaffirmed his father's promise to protect papal lands. As early as 772
Charlemagne had fought onslaughts of the heathen Saxons on his lands.
Buoyed by his Italian success, he now (775) embarked on a campaign to
conquer and Christianize them. That campaign had some initial success but
was to drag on for 30 years, in which time he conducted many other
campaigns as well. He fought in Spain in 778; on the return trip his rear
guard, led by Roland, was ambushed, a story immortalized in The Song of
Roland. In 788 he subjected the Bavarians to his rule, and between 791 and
796 Charlemagne's armies conquered the empire of the Avars (corresponding
roughly to modern Hungary and Austria).

Coronation

Having thus established Frankish rule over so many other peoples,
Charlemagne had in fact built an empire and become an emperor. It remained
only for him to add the title. On Christmas Day, in 800, Charlemagne knelt
to pray in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Leo III then placed a
crown upon his head, and the people assembled in the church acclaimed him
the great, pacific emperor of the Romans.

Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, reported that the king was surprised by
this coronation and that had he known it was going to happen, he would not
have gone into the church that day. This report has led to much
speculation by historians. Charlemagne probably desired and expected to
get the imperial title and he subsequently used it. In 813 he designated
his sole surviving son, Louis, as his successor, and personally crowned
him.

Administration

Charlemagne established a more permanent royal capital than had any of his
predecessors. His favorite residence from 794 on was at Aix-la-Chapelle.
He had a church and a palace constructed there, based in part on
architectural borrowings from Ravenna and Rome. At his court he gathered
scholars from all over Europe, the most famous being the English cleric
Alcuin of York, whom he placed in charge of the palace school.

Administration of the empire was entrusted to some 250 royal
administrators called counts. Charlemagne issued hundreds of decrees,
called capitularies, dealing with a broad range of topics from judicial
and military matters to monasteries, education, and the management of
royal estates.

The empire did not expand after 800; indeed, already in the 790s the
seacoasts and river valleys experienced the first, dreaded visits of the
Vikings. Charlemagne ordered a special watch against them in every harbor,
but with little effect. He died before their full, destructive force was
unleashed on the empire.

Evaluation

Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the
size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation
that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic
warrior, who spent most of his adult life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns
he imposed baptism by the sword, and he retaliated against rebels with
merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and
prestige at the service of Christian doctrine, the monastic life, the
teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life,
held up as a model to most later kings, thus embodied the fusion of
Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European
civilization.
picture

Charles , Count of Valois and Margaret , Countess of Anjou




Husband Charles , Count of Valois




           Born: 12 Mar 1270
     Christened: 
           Died: 16 Dec 1325
         Buried: 


         Father: Philip III , King of France (1245-1285)
         Mother: Isabella of Aragon (      -      )


       Marriage: 1290

   Other Spouse: Catherine I , of Courtneay (      -      ) - 1302

   Other Spouse: Mahaut , of Chaitillon (      -      ) - 1308




Wife Margaret , Countess of Anjou

           Born: 1274
     Christened: 
           Died: 1299
         Buried: 



Children
1 F Isabelle

           Born: 1292
     Christened: 
           Died: 1309
         Buried: 



2 M King Philip VI "The Fortunate" Valois

           Born: 1293
     Christened: 
           Died: 22 Aug 1350
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Joan "The Lame" (      -      )
           Marr: Jul 1313



3 F Joan , of Valois

           Born: 1294
     Christened: 
           Died: 1342
         Buried: 



4 F Margaret , of Valois

           Born: 1295
     Christened: 
           Died: 1342
         Buried: 



5 M Charles II , Count of Alencon

           Born: 1297
     Christened: 
           Died: 26 Aug 1346
         Buried: 



6 F Catherine , of Valois

           Born: 1299
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




picture
Charles , Count of Valois and Mahaut , of Chaitillon




Husband Charles , Count of Valois




           Born: 12 Mar 1270
     Christened: 
           Died: 16 Dec 1325
         Buried: 


         Father: Philip III , King of France (1245-1285)
         Mother: Isabella of Aragon (      -      )


       Marriage: 1308

   Other Spouse: Margaret , Countess of Anjou (1274-1299) - 1290

   Other Spouse: Catherine I , of Courtneay (      -      ) - 1302




Wife Mahaut , of Chaitillon

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children

picture
Charles I , King of the Two Sicilys and Adelais/ Bonna de Troyes, Countess of Ardennes




Husband Charles I , King of the Two Sicilys 1

           Born: 1226
     Christened: 
           Died: 1285
         Buried: 


         Father: King Louis VIII "The Lion" of France, King of France (1187-1226) 1
         Mother: Princess Blanca Alphonsa of Castile (Bef 1188-1252)


       Marriage: 




Wife Adelais/ Bonna de Troyes, Countess of Ardennes 5 6

            AKA: Adelais De Vermandois
           Born: Abt 953 - Troyes, Aube, Champagne, France
     Christened: 
           Died: Bef 979
         Buried: 


         Father: Robert I of Troye, Comte De Meaux & Troye (Abt 0920-0968) 5 7
         Mother: Adelaide of Burgundy (Abt 0928-After 0967) 5 6 7 8



   Other Spouse: Charles Duke Of Lower Lorraine (0953-0994) 5 9 10 - Abt 970 - 1st Wife 6



Children

General Notes: Husband - Charles I , King of the Two Sicilys

Charles I (of Two Sicilies) (1226-85), king of the Two Sicilies (1266-85).
He was the posthumous son of Louis VIII, king of France, and the brother
of King Louis IX. He was given the countships of Anjou and Maine by his
brother, and through marriage in 1246 he became count of Provence. In 1248
he accompanied Louis on the Sixth Crusade. In 1250 he was captured and
briefly imprisoned, but later returned to Provence. By 1264 he controlled
much of Piedmont. Charles agreed to aid the pope in his struggle against
the Ghibellines in return for the kingdom of the Two Sicilies. In 1265
Charles invaded Italy; the following year the reigning monarch Manfred
(1232?-66) was killed in battle and Charles became king. In 1268, Conradin
(1252-68), nephew of Manfred and last of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, led a
revolt against Charles but was captured and executed. The king brutally
suppressed the Ghibelline nobles, seizing their estates to pay his French
soldiers. In 1270 Charles participated in the disastrous Seventh Crusade.
In 1282 he learned of a revolt in Sicily against the French. Charles tried
to reestablish his authority over the island, but was routed by Pedro III,
king of Aragón (1239-85), who destroyed his fleet. Charles died soon
after, leaving his kingdom in a chaotic condition.
picture

Charles II the Bald , Holy Roman Emperor, King of France and Ermentrude , d'Orleans




Husband Charles II the Bald , Holy Roman Emperor, King of France 1 4

           Born: 823 - Frankfurt am Main, , Hessen, Germany
     Christened: 
           Died: 6 Oct 877 - Avrieux, , Rhône-Alpes, France
         Buried: 


         Father: Louis I "The Pious" , Emperor of The Holy Roman Empire (Abt 0799-0840) 1 4
         Mother: Judith , of Bavaria (Abt 0805-0843) 4


       Marriage: 




Wife Ermentrude , d'Orleans 4

           Born: 27 Sep 830 - France
     Christened: 
           Died: 6 Oct 869 - Saint-Denis, Seine, Ile-de-France, France
         Buried: 


         Father: Eudes , of Orleans (      -      ) 4
         Mother: Engeltrude of Paris (      -      ) 4



   Other Spouse: Adelhard , Count de Paris (Bef 0840-      ) 4 - 16 Oct 1910 - Roby, TX 11



Children
1 M Louis II "The Stammerer" , King of France 4




           Born: 1 Nov 846 - Compiègne, , Picardie, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 10 Apr 879
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Adelaide , de Paris (Bef 0855-0901) 4
           Marr: Feb 875
         Spouse: Ansgarde of Burgundy (      -      )



2 F Alberada of France

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: After 916
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Regnier I , Duke of Lorraine, Barbant de Hasbain (Abt 0850-0915/0916)




General Notes: Husband - Charles II the Bald , Holy Roman Emperor, King of France

Charles II (Holy Roman Empire), called The Bald (823-77), Holy Roman
emperor (875-77), and, as Charles I, king of France (843-77), born in
Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany. He was the fourth son of Holy Roman Emperor
Louis I; his mother, Louis's second wife, was Judith of Bavaria. Judith's
determination to secure a kingdom for her only son led to civil war with
Louis's other two surviving sons, Holy Roman Emperor Lothair I and King
Louis II of Germany. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of
Verdun in 843. Charles received the western portion of the empire, which
from this time may be called the kingdom of France, or the West Frankish
Kingdom. Charles was a weak ruler; the great nobles were rapidly becoming
independent, and the Vikings pillaged the country without meeting much
resistance from Charles, who preferred to buy them off. Nevertheless, when
Holy Roman Emperor Louis II died in 875, Charles received the imperial
crown through the favor of Pope John VIII. Charles was succeeded as king
of France by his son, Louis II (846-79), but the imperial throne was
vacant until 881.
picture

Charles III "The Fat" , Holy Roman Emperor & II King of France &




Husband Charles III "The Fat" , Holy Roman Emperor & II King of France & 1 12

           Born: 839
     Christened: 
           Died: 888
         Buried: 


         Father: Louis II , Holy Roman Emperor, King of Italy & Germany (0806-0876) 1
         Mother: Emma/Hemma of Altdorf (0808-0876) 3


       Marriage: 




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 F Judith 12

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Æthelwulf , King of Wessex (0790-0858) 1 12
         Spouse: Æthelbald , King of Wessex (      -0860) 12
         Spouse: Baldwin I , Count of Flanders (      -0879) 12




General Notes: Husband - Charles III "The Fat" , Holy Roman Emperor & II King of France &

Charles III (Holy Roman Empire), called The Fat (839-88), Holy Roman
emperor (881-87), king of the East Franks, or Germans (876-87), and, as
Charles II, king of the West Franks, or French (884-87). He was the son of
Emperor Louis II and the great-grandson of Charlemagne. Charles was
deposed from his thrones in 887 by his nephew, Arnulf, duke of Carinthia.
His deposition marked the dissolution of the Frankish Empire.
picture

Charles III the Simple , King of France and Eadgifu




Husband Charles III the Simple , King of France 1 12




           Born: 17 Sep 879
     Christened: 
           Died: 7 Oct 929
         Buried: 


         Father: Louis II "The Stammerer" , King of France (0846-0879) 4
         Mother: Adelaide , de Paris (Bef 0855-0901) 4


       Marriage: 919




Wife Eadgifu 12

           Born: 902 - Wessex, , England 3
     Christened: 
           Died: After 955
         Buried: 


         Father: Edward I "The Elder" of England, King of Wessex (Abt 0871-0924) 1
         Mother: Ælflæd (      -      ) 12



   Other Spouse: Elijah Craig (Abt 1764-      ) - 15 Dec 1881

   Other Spouse: Herbert III Count Of Vermandois (0953-1015) 5 13 - 951



Children
1 F Gisele 14

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 919
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Rollo Rognvaldsson, the Viking, the Ganger, 1St Duke Of Normandy (Abt 0860-Abt 0932) 1 5 12 15 16 17
           Marr: 912



2 M Louis IV "Transmarinus" , King of France 5 18

           Born: 10 Sep 921 - Laon, Aisne, Picardy, France 18
     Christened: 
           Died: 10 Sep 954 - Reims, Marne, Champagne, France 18
         Buried:  - St Remy Abbey, Rheims
         Spouse: Gerberga of Saxony, Queen of France (Abt 0913-0984) 3 5 19 20
           Marr: Abt 939 - 2ND Husband 20 21




General Notes: Husband - Charles III the Simple , King of France

Charles III (of France) (879-929), king of France (898-922). Called
Charles the Simple, he was the posthumous son of King Louis II (846-79).
Charles claimed the throne after 893, during the reign of Odo, or Eudes
(858-98), count of Paris, but was not acknowledged king until 898. His
reign was plagued by raids of Scandinavian Vikings, to whom he finally
ceded (911) much of what later was called Normandy. Charles was deposed in
922 by his chief vassals and imprisoned in Péronne from 923 until his
death.
picture

Necho II (Wehemibre) and Chedebnitjerbone , Queen of Egypt




Husband Necho II (Wehemibre)

           Born: Abt 660 B.C.
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 595 B.C.
         Buried: 


         Father: Psamtek I (Wahibre) , King of Egypt (Abt 0684 B.C.-Abt 0610 B.C.)
         Mother: Mehetenweskhet of Heliopolis (      -      )


       Marriage: 




Wife Chedebnitjerbone , Queen of Egypt

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M Psamtek II (Neferibre)

           Born: Abt 625 B.C.
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 589 B.C.
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Takhuat of Athribis (      -      )



2 F Nitokris

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Nebuchadrezzar II King of Babylon (      -0562 B.C.) 1




picture
Childeric




Husband Childeric

           Born: Abt 620 - Germany
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Hattwigate Hutugast (Abt 0500-      )
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M Budic

           Born: Abt 640 - Germany
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



picture

Sources


1 Microsoft Encarta 1994 ed.

2 Faulkner, H.C. and Van Orden, W.H. "Reader's Reference Handbook" pub1889 by A.L. Burt in New York.

3 O'shea/Charlemagne qvc.

4 Dee, Danielle Marie. AOL user Dani Dee. File uploaded to AOL "VanArsdale/Crawford/Hayes" (danidee.zip) on Nov 29, 1994.

5 Jim Weber (https://myaccount.rootsweb.com/publicprofile?mn=jimweber110&kurl=http:%2F%2Fwc%2Erootsweb%2Eancestry%2Ecom%2Fcgi%2Dbin%2Figm%2Ecgi%3Fdb%3Djweber%26id%3DI03403%26op%3DGED).

6 Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com, Alan B. Wilson, 8 Aug 1997.

7 Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999, 118-19.

8 Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com, Ed Mann, 24 May 1998.

9 Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999, 149-19.

10 Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com, Alan B. Wilson, 30 Dec 1998.

11 v80t1283.ftw.

12 Tauté, Anne. "The Kings and Queens of Great Britain" pub by Elm TreeBooks/Hamish Hamilton Ltd. Great Britain.//.

13 Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999, 50-20.

14 Slocombe, George. "William the Conqueror" pub. 1961 by G. P. Putnam'sSons. New York.

15 Freeman, Marsha Colleen (Scully) (Rec# 435). "Buell Genealogy" pub. 1 Dec1978. Chart #34.

16 Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on, Rollo.

17 Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999, 121e-18.

18 Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on, Louis IV.

19 Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999, 50-19.

20 Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999, 140-18.

21 Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999, 142-18.


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