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Ancestors of Amy Russell Tolbert



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Cerdic , King of Wessex




Husband Cerdic , King of Wessex 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 534
         Buried: 


         Father: Elesa (      -      ) 1
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 

Noted events in his life were:
Reigned, 519-534




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M Cynric , King of Wessex 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 560
         Buried: 




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Charibert , King of Paris




Husband Charibert , King of Paris 2

           Born: 520 - Paris, , , France
     Christened: 
           Died: 7 May 567
         Buried:  - St. Vincent Abby, Paris, France


         Father: Chlothar I "the old" , King of the Franks (0497-0561)
         Mother: Ingonde , Princess of Thuringia (Abt 0499-Bef 0539)


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Ingoberge , Queen of Paris (0519-0589)




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children

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Charibert , King of Paris and Ingoberge , Queen of Paris




Husband Charibert , King of Paris 2

           Born: 520 - Paris, , , France
     Christened: 
           Died: 7 May 567
         Buried:  - St. Vincent Abby, Paris, France


         Father: Chlothar I "the old" , King of the Franks (0497-0561)
         Mother: Ingonde , Princess of Thuringia (Abt 0499-Bef 0539)


       Marriage: 




Wife Ingoberge , Queen of Paris

           Born: 519 - Paris, , , France
     Christened: 
           Died: 589
         Buried: 



Children
1 F Blithilde , Princess of Paris

            AKA: Aldeberge, Berthe, Bilichilde
           Born: Abt 530 - Paris, , , France
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 580
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Senator Ansbertus , Duke of Moselle (0535-0570)
           Marr: Bef 555
         Spouse: Ethelbert , King of Kent (      -      )




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Charibert




Husband Charibert

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M Chrodobertus (Robert) 2

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




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Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor and Desiderata




Husband Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor 3




           Born: 2 Apr 742 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia)
     Christened:  - St Denis, Isle De France, France
           Died: 28 Jan 814 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia) 4
         Buried:  - Notre Dame D'aix La Chapelle, , Austrasia


         Father: King Pepin "The Short" of France, King of the Franks (0714-0768)
         Mother: Countess Bertrada II Of Laon (Abt 0720-0783) 5


       Marriage: 770

   Other Spouse: Fastrada (      -0794) 5 - 783

   Other Spouse: Liutgard (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Madelgard (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Gersvind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Regina (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Adalind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Himiltrud (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Hildegard of Lizgau, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (Abt 0757-0783) - Abt 772 - Aachen, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany




Wife Desiderata 5

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children

General Notes: Husband - Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor

His name in Latin is Carolus Magnus (Charles the Great), who led his
Frankish armies to victory over numerous other peoples and established his
rule in most of western and central Europe. He was the best-known and most
influential king in Europe in the Middle Ages.

Early Years

In 751 Pepin the Short dethroned the last Merovingian king and assumed the
royal title himself. He was crowned by Pope Stephen II in 754. Besides
anointing Pepin, Pope Stephen anointed both Charlemagne and his younger
brother Carloman.

Within the year Pepin invaded Italy to protect the pope against the
Lombards, and in 756 he again had to rush to the pope's aid. From 760 on,
Pepin's main military efforts went into the conquest of Aquitaine, the
lands south of the Loire River. Charlemagne accompanied his father on most
of these expeditions.

Campaigns

When Pepin died in 768, the rule of his realms was to be shared between
his two sons. Charlemagne sought an alliance with the Lombards by marrying
the daughter of their king, Desiderius (reigned 757-74). In 771 Carloman
died suddenly. Charlemagne then seized his territories, but Carloman's
heirs took refuge at the court of Desiderius. By that time Charlemagne had
repudiated his wife, and Desiderius was no longer friendly. In 772, when
Pope Adrian I appealed to Charlemagne for help against Desiderius, the
Frankish king invaded Italy, deposed his erstwhile father-in-law (774),
and himself assumed the royal title. He then journeyed to Rome and
reaffirmed his father's promise to protect papal lands. As early as 772
Charlemagne had fought onslaughts of the heathen Saxons on his lands.
Buoyed by his Italian success, he now (775) embarked on a campaign to
conquer and Christianize them. That campaign had some initial success but
was to drag on for 30 years, in which time he conducted many other
campaigns as well. He fought in Spain in 778; on the return trip his rear
guard, led by Roland, was ambushed, a story immortalized in The Song of
Roland. In 788 he subjected the Bavarians to his rule, and between 791 and
796 Charlemagne's armies conquered the empire of the Avars (corresponding
roughly to modern Hungary and Austria).

Coronation

Having thus established Frankish rule over so many other peoples,
Charlemagne had in fact built an empire and become an emperor. It remained
only for him to add the title. On Christmas Day, in 800, Charlemagne knelt
to pray in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Leo III then placed a
crown upon his head, and the people assembled in the church acclaimed him
the great, pacific emperor of the Romans.

Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, reported that the king was surprised by
this coronation and that had he known it was going to happen, he would not
have gone into the church that day. This report has led to much
speculation by historians. Charlemagne probably desired and expected to
get the imperial title and he subsequently used it. In 813 he designated
his sole surviving son, Louis, as his successor, and personally crowned
him.

Administration

Charlemagne established a more permanent royal capital than had any of his
predecessors. His favorite residence from 794 on was at Aix-la-Chapelle.
He had a church and a palace constructed there, based in part on
architectural borrowings from Ravenna and Rome. At his court he gathered
scholars from all over Europe, the most famous being the English cleric
Alcuin of York, whom he placed in charge of the palace school.

Administration of the empire was entrusted to some 250 royal
administrators called counts. Charlemagne issued hundreds of decrees,
called capitularies, dealing with a broad range of topics from judicial
and military matters to monasteries, education, and the management of
royal estates.

The empire did not expand after 800; indeed, already in the 790s the
seacoasts and river valleys experienced the first, dreaded visits of the
Vikings. Charlemagne ordered a special watch against them in every harbor,
but with little effect. He died before their full, destructive force was
unleashed on the empire.

Evaluation

Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the
size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation
that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic
warrior, who spent most of his adult life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns
he imposed baptism by the sword, and he retaliated against rebels with
merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and
prestige at the service of Christian doctrine, the monastic life, the
teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life,
held up as a model to most later kings, thus embodied the fusion of
Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European
civilization.
picture

Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor and Fastrada




Husband Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor 3




           Born: 2 Apr 742 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia)
     Christened:  - St Denis, Isle De France, France
           Died: 28 Jan 814 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia) 4
         Buried:  - Notre Dame D'aix La Chapelle, , Austrasia


         Father: King Pepin "The Short" of France, King of the Franks (0714-0768)
         Mother: Countess Bertrada II Of Laon (Abt 0720-0783) 5


       Marriage: 783

   Other Spouse: Desiderata (      -      ) 5 - 770

   Other Spouse: Liutgard (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Madelgard (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Gersvind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Regina (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Adalind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Himiltrud (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Hildegard of Lizgau, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (Abt 0757-0783) - Abt 772 - Aachen, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany




Wife Fastrada 5

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 794
         Buried: 



Children

General Notes: Husband - Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor

His name in Latin is Carolus Magnus (Charles the Great), who led his
Frankish armies to victory over numerous other peoples and established his
rule in most of western and central Europe. He was the best-known and most
influential king in Europe in the Middle Ages.

Early Years

In 751 Pepin the Short dethroned the last Merovingian king and assumed the
royal title himself. He was crowned by Pope Stephen II in 754. Besides
anointing Pepin, Pope Stephen anointed both Charlemagne and his younger
brother Carloman.

Within the year Pepin invaded Italy to protect the pope against the
Lombards, and in 756 he again had to rush to the pope's aid. From 760 on,
Pepin's main military efforts went into the conquest of Aquitaine, the
lands south of the Loire River. Charlemagne accompanied his father on most
of these expeditions.

Campaigns

When Pepin died in 768, the rule of his realms was to be shared between
his two sons. Charlemagne sought an alliance with the Lombards by marrying
the daughter of their king, Desiderius (reigned 757-74). In 771 Carloman
died suddenly. Charlemagne then seized his territories, but Carloman's
heirs took refuge at the court of Desiderius. By that time Charlemagne had
repudiated his wife, and Desiderius was no longer friendly. In 772, when
Pope Adrian I appealed to Charlemagne for help against Desiderius, the
Frankish king invaded Italy, deposed his erstwhile father-in-law (774),
and himself assumed the royal title. He then journeyed to Rome and
reaffirmed his father's promise to protect papal lands. As early as 772
Charlemagne had fought onslaughts of the heathen Saxons on his lands.
Buoyed by his Italian success, he now (775) embarked on a campaign to
conquer and Christianize them. That campaign had some initial success but
was to drag on for 30 years, in which time he conducted many other
campaigns as well. He fought in Spain in 778; on the return trip his rear
guard, led by Roland, was ambushed, a story immortalized in The Song of
Roland. In 788 he subjected the Bavarians to his rule, and between 791 and
796 Charlemagne's armies conquered the empire of the Avars (corresponding
roughly to modern Hungary and Austria).

Coronation

Having thus established Frankish rule over so many other peoples,
Charlemagne had in fact built an empire and become an emperor. It remained
only for him to add the title. On Christmas Day, in 800, Charlemagne knelt
to pray in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Leo III then placed a
crown upon his head, and the people assembled in the church acclaimed him
the great, pacific emperor of the Romans.

Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, reported that the king was surprised by
this coronation and that had he known it was going to happen, he would not
have gone into the church that day. This report has led to much
speculation by historians. Charlemagne probably desired and expected to
get the imperial title and he subsequently used it. In 813 he designated
his sole surviving son, Louis, as his successor, and personally crowned
him.

Administration

Charlemagne established a more permanent royal capital than had any of his
predecessors. His favorite residence from 794 on was at Aix-la-Chapelle.
He had a church and a palace constructed there, based in part on
architectural borrowings from Ravenna and Rome. At his court he gathered
scholars from all over Europe, the most famous being the English cleric
Alcuin of York, whom he placed in charge of the palace school.

Administration of the empire was entrusted to some 250 royal
administrators called counts. Charlemagne issued hundreds of decrees,
called capitularies, dealing with a broad range of topics from judicial
and military matters to monasteries, education, and the management of
royal estates.

The empire did not expand after 800; indeed, already in the 790s the
seacoasts and river valleys experienced the first, dreaded visits of the
Vikings. Charlemagne ordered a special watch against them in every harbor,
but with little effect. He died before their full, destructive force was
unleashed on the empire.

Evaluation

Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the
size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation
that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic
warrior, who spent most of his adult life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns
he imposed baptism by the sword, and he retaliated against rebels with
merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and
prestige at the service of Christian doctrine, the monastic life, the
teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life,
held up as a model to most later kings, thus embodied the fusion of
Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European
civilization.
picture

Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor and Liutgard




Husband Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor 3




           Born: 2 Apr 742 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia)
     Christened:  - St Denis, Isle De France, France
           Died: 28 Jan 814 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia) 4
         Buried:  - Notre Dame D'aix La Chapelle, , Austrasia


         Father: King Pepin "The Short" of France, King of the Franks (0714-0768)
         Mother: Countess Bertrada II Of Laon (Abt 0720-0783) 5


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Desiderata (      -      ) 5 - 770

   Other Spouse: Fastrada (      -0794) 5 - 783

   Other Spouse: Madelgard (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Gersvind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Regina (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Adalind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Himiltrud (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Hildegard of Lizgau, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (Abt 0757-0783) - Abt 772 - Aachen, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany




Wife Liutgard 5

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children

General Notes: Husband - Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor

His name in Latin is Carolus Magnus (Charles the Great), who led his
Frankish armies to victory over numerous other peoples and established his
rule in most of western and central Europe. He was the best-known and most
influential king in Europe in the Middle Ages.

Early Years

In 751 Pepin the Short dethroned the last Merovingian king and assumed the
royal title himself. He was crowned by Pope Stephen II in 754. Besides
anointing Pepin, Pope Stephen anointed both Charlemagne and his younger
brother Carloman.

Within the year Pepin invaded Italy to protect the pope against the
Lombards, and in 756 he again had to rush to the pope's aid. From 760 on,
Pepin's main military efforts went into the conquest of Aquitaine, the
lands south of the Loire River. Charlemagne accompanied his father on most
of these expeditions.

Campaigns

When Pepin died in 768, the rule of his realms was to be shared between
his two sons. Charlemagne sought an alliance with the Lombards by marrying
the daughter of their king, Desiderius (reigned 757-74). In 771 Carloman
died suddenly. Charlemagne then seized his territories, but Carloman's
heirs took refuge at the court of Desiderius. By that time Charlemagne had
repudiated his wife, and Desiderius was no longer friendly. In 772, when
Pope Adrian I appealed to Charlemagne for help against Desiderius, the
Frankish king invaded Italy, deposed his erstwhile father-in-law (774),
and himself assumed the royal title. He then journeyed to Rome and
reaffirmed his father's promise to protect papal lands. As early as 772
Charlemagne had fought onslaughts of the heathen Saxons on his lands.
Buoyed by his Italian success, he now (775) embarked on a campaign to
conquer and Christianize them. That campaign had some initial success but
was to drag on for 30 years, in which time he conducted many other
campaigns as well. He fought in Spain in 778; on the return trip his rear
guard, led by Roland, was ambushed, a story immortalized in The Song of
Roland. In 788 he subjected the Bavarians to his rule, and between 791 and
796 Charlemagne's armies conquered the empire of the Avars (corresponding
roughly to modern Hungary and Austria).

Coronation

Having thus established Frankish rule over so many other peoples,
Charlemagne had in fact built an empire and become an emperor. It remained
only for him to add the title. On Christmas Day, in 800, Charlemagne knelt
to pray in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Leo III then placed a
crown upon his head, and the people assembled in the church acclaimed him
the great, pacific emperor of the Romans.

Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, reported that the king was surprised by
this coronation and that had he known it was going to happen, he would not
have gone into the church that day. This report has led to much
speculation by historians. Charlemagne probably desired and expected to
get the imperial title and he subsequently used it. In 813 he designated
his sole surviving son, Louis, as his successor, and personally crowned
him.

Administration

Charlemagne established a more permanent royal capital than had any of his
predecessors. His favorite residence from 794 on was at Aix-la-Chapelle.
He had a church and a palace constructed there, based in part on
architectural borrowings from Ravenna and Rome. At his court he gathered
scholars from all over Europe, the most famous being the English cleric
Alcuin of York, whom he placed in charge of the palace school.

Administration of the empire was entrusted to some 250 royal
administrators called counts. Charlemagne issued hundreds of decrees,
called capitularies, dealing with a broad range of topics from judicial
and military matters to monasteries, education, and the management of
royal estates.

The empire did not expand after 800; indeed, already in the 790s the
seacoasts and river valleys experienced the first, dreaded visits of the
Vikings. Charlemagne ordered a special watch against them in every harbor,
but with little effect. He died before their full, destructive force was
unleashed on the empire.

Evaluation

Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the
size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation
that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic
warrior, who spent most of his adult life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns
he imposed baptism by the sword, and he retaliated against rebels with
merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and
prestige at the service of Christian doctrine, the monastic life, the
teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life,
held up as a model to most later kings, thus embodied the fusion of
Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European
civilization.
picture

Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor and Madelgard




Husband Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor 3




           Born: 2 Apr 742 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia)
     Christened:  - St Denis, Isle De France, France
           Died: 28 Jan 814 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia) 4
         Buried:  - Notre Dame D'aix La Chapelle, , Austrasia


         Father: King Pepin "The Short" of France, King of the Franks (0714-0768)
         Mother: Countess Bertrada II Of Laon (Abt 0720-0783) 5


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Desiderata (      -      ) 5 - 770

   Other Spouse: Fastrada (      -0794) 5 - 783

   Other Spouse: Liutgard (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Gersvind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Regina (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Adalind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Himiltrud (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Hildegard of Lizgau, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (Abt 0757-0783) - Abt 772 - Aachen, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany




Wife Madelgard 5

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children

General Notes: Husband - Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor

His name in Latin is Carolus Magnus (Charles the Great), who led his
Frankish armies to victory over numerous other peoples and established his
rule in most of western and central Europe. He was the best-known and most
influential king in Europe in the Middle Ages.

Early Years

In 751 Pepin the Short dethroned the last Merovingian king and assumed the
royal title himself. He was crowned by Pope Stephen II in 754. Besides
anointing Pepin, Pope Stephen anointed both Charlemagne and his younger
brother Carloman.

Within the year Pepin invaded Italy to protect the pope against the
Lombards, and in 756 he again had to rush to the pope's aid. From 760 on,
Pepin's main military efforts went into the conquest of Aquitaine, the
lands south of the Loire River. Charlemagne accompanied his father on most
of these expeditions.

Campaigns

When Pepin died in 768, the rule of his realms was to be shared between
his two sons. Charlemagne sought an alliance with the Lombards by marrying
the daughter of their king, Desiderius (reigned 757-74). In 771 Carloman
died suddenly. Charlemagne then seized his territories, but Carloman's
heirs took refuge at the court of Desiderius. By that time Charlemagne had
repudiated his wife, and Desiderius was no longer friendly. In 772, when
Pope Adrian I appealed to Charlemagne for help against Desiderius, the
Frankish king invaded Italy, deposed his erstwhile father-in-law (774),
and himself assumed the royal title. He then journeyed to Rome and
reaffirmed his father's promise to protect papal lands. As early as 772
Charlemagne had fought onslaughts of the heathen Saxons on his lands.
Buoyed by his Italian success, he now (775) embarked on a campaign to
conquer and Christianize them. That campaign had some initial success but
was to drag on for 30 years, in which time he conducted many other
campaigns as well. He fought in Spain in 778; on the return trip his rear
guard, led by Roland, was ambushed, a story immortalized in The Song of
Roland. In 788 he subjected the Bavarians to his rule, and between 791 and
796 Charlemagne's armies conquered the empire of the Avars (corresponding
roughly to modern Hungary and Austria).

Coronation

Having thus established Frankish rule over so many other peoples,
Charlemagne had in fact built an empire and become an emperor. It remained
only for him to add the title. On Christmas Day, in 800, Charlemagne knelt
to pray in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Leo III then placed a
crown upon his head, and the people assembled in the church acclaimed him
the great, pacific emperor of the Romans.

Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, reported that the king was surprised by
this coronation and that had he known it was going to happen, he would not
have gone into the church that day. This report has led to much
speculation by historians. Charlemagne probably desired and expected to
get the imperial title and he subsequently used it. In 813 he designated
his sole surviving son, Louis, as his successor, and personally crowned
him.

Administration

Charlemagne established a more permanent royal capital than had any of his
predecessors. His favorite residence from 794 on was at Aix-la-Chapelle.
He had a church and a palace constructed there, based in part on
architectural borrowings from Ravenna and Rome. At his court he gathered
scholars from all over Europe, the most famous being the English cleric
Alcuin of York, whom he placed in charge of the palace school.

Administration of the empire was entrusted to some 250 royal
administrators called counts. Charlemagne issued hundreds of decrees,
called capitularies, dealing with a broad range of topics from judicial
and military matters to monasteries, education, and the management of
royal estates.

The empire did not expand after 800; indeed, already in the 790s the
seacoasts and river valleys experienced the first, dreaded visits of the
Vikings. Charlemagne ordered a special watch against them in every harbor,
but with little effect. He died before their full, destructive force was
unleashed on the empire.

Evaluation

Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the
size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation
that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic
warrior, who spent most of his adult life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns
he imposed baptism by the sword, and he retaliated against rebels with
merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and
prestige at the service of Christian doctrine, the monastic life, the
teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life,
held up as a model to most later kings, thus embodied the fusion of
Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European
civilization.
picture

Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor and Gersvind




Husband Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor 3




           Born: 2 Apr 742 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia)
     Christened:  - St Denis, Isle De France, France
           Died: 28 Jan 814 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia) 4
         Buried:  - Notre Dame D'aix La Chapelle, , Austrasia


         Father: King Pepin "The Short" of France, King of the Franks (0714-0768)
         Mother: Countess Bertrada II Of Laon (Abt 0720-0783) 5


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Desiderata (      -      ) 5 - 770

   Other Spouse: Fastrada (      -0794) 5 - 783

   Other Spouse: Liutgard (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Madelgard (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Regina (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Adalind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Himiltrud (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Hildegard of Lizgau, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (Abt 0757-0783) - Abt 772 - Aachen, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany




Wife Gersvind 5

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children

General Notes: Husband - Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor

His name in Latin is Carolus Magnus (Charles the Great), who led his
Frankish armies to victory over numerous other peoples and established his
rule in most of western and central Europe. He was the best-known and most
influential king in Europe in the Middle Ages.

Early Years

In 751 Pepin the Short dethroned the last Merovingian king and assumed the
royal title himself. He was crowned by Pope Stephen II in 754. Besides
anointing Pepin, Pope Stephen anointed both Charlemagne and his younger
brother Carloman.

Within the year Pepin invaded Italy to protect the pope against the
Lombards, and in 756 he again had to rush to the pope's aid. From 760 on,
Pepin's main military efforts went into the conquest of Aquitaine, the
lands south of the Loire River. Charlemagne accompanied his father on most
of these expeditions.

Campaigns

When Pepin died in 768, the rule of his realms was to be shared between
his two sons. Charlemagne sought an alliance with the Lombards by marrying
the daughter of their king, Desiderius (reigned 757-74). In 771 Carloman
died suddenly. Charlemagne then seized his territories, but Carloman's
heirs took refuge at the court of Desiderius. By that time Charlemagne had
repudiated his wife, and Desiderius was no longer friendly. In 772, when
Pope Adrian I appealed to Charlemagne for help against Desiderius, the
Frankish king invaded Italy, deposed his erstwhile father-in-law (774),
and himself assumed the royal title. He then journeyed to Rome and
reaffirmed his father's promise to protect papal lands. As early as 772
Charlemagne had fought onslaughts of the heathen Saxons on his lands.
Buoyed by his Italian success, he now (775) embarked on a campaign to
conquer and Christianize them. That campaign had some initial success but
was to drag on for 30 years, in which time he conducted many other
campaigns as well. He fought in Spain in 778; on the return trip his rear
guard, led by Roland, was ambushed, a story immortalized in The Song of
Roland. In 788 he subjected the Bavarians to his rule, and between 791 and
796 Charlemagne's armies conquered the empire of the Avars (corresponding
roughly to modern Hungary and Austria).

Coronation

Having thus established Frankish rule over so many other peoples,
Charlemagne had in fact built an empire and become an emperor. It remained
only for him to add the title. On Christmas Day, in 800, Charlemagne knelt
to pray in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Leo III then placed a
crown upon his head, and the people assembled in the church acclaimed him
the great, pacific emperor of the Romans.

Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, reported that the king was surprised by
this coronation and that had he known it was going to happen, he would not
have gone into the church that day. This report has led to much
speculation by historians. Charlemagne probably desired and expected to
get the imperial title and he subsequently used it. In 813 he designated
his sole surviving son, Louis, as his successor, and personally crowned
him.

Administration

Charlemagne established a more permanent royal capital than had any of his
predecessors. His favorite residence from 794 on was at Aix-la-Chapelle.
He had a church and a palace constructed there, based in part on
architectural borrowings from Ravenna and Rome. At his court he gathered
scholars from all over Europe, the most famous being the English cleric
Alcuin of York, whom he placed in charge of the palace school.

Administration of the empire was entrusted to some 250 royal
administrators called counts. Charlemagne issued hundreds of decrees,
called capitularies, dealing with a broad range of topics from judicial
and military matters to monasteries, education, and the management of
royal estates.

The empire did not expand after 800; indeed, already in the 790s the
seacoasts and river valleys experienced the first, dreaded visits of the
Vikings. Charlemagne ordered a special watch against them in every harbor,
but with little effect. He died before their full, destructive force was
unleashed on the empire.

Evaluation

Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the
size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation
that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic
warrior, who spent most of his adult life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns
he imposed baptism by the sword, and he retaliated against rebels with
merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and
prestige at the service of Christian doctrine, the monastic life, the
teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life,
held up as a model to most later kings, thus embodied the fusion of
Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European
civilization.
picture

Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor and Regina




Husband Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor 3




           Born: 2 Apr 742 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia)
     Christened:  - St Denis, Isle De France, France
           Died: 28 Jan 814 - Aix-la-Chapelle, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Austrasia) 4
         Buried:  - Notre Dame D'aix La Chapelle, , Austrasia


         Father: King Pepin "The Short" of France, King of the Franks (0714-0768)
         Mother: Countess Bertrada II Of Laon (Abt 0720-0783) 5


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Desiderata (      -      ) 5 - 770

   Other Spouse: Fastrada (      -0794) 5 - 783

   Other Spouse: Liutgard (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Madelgard (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Gersvind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Adalind (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Himiltrud (      -      ) 5

   Other Spouse: Hildegard of Lizgau, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (Abt 0757-0783) - Abt 772 - Aachen, Kaln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany




Wife Regina 5

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children

General Notes: Husband - Charlemagne , King of Franks, Holy Roman Emperor

His name in Latin is Carolus Magnus (Charles the Great), who led his
Frankish armies to victory over numerous other peoples and established his
rule in most of western and central Europe. He was the best-known and most
influential king in Europe in the Middle Ages.

Early Years

In 751 Pepin the Short dethroned the last Merovingian king and assumed the
royal title himself. He was crowned by Pope Stephen II in 754. Besides
anointing Pepin, Pope Stephen anointed both Charlemagne and his younger
brother Carloman.

Within the year Pepin invaded Italy to protect the pope against the
Lombards, and in 756 he again had to rush to the pope's aid. From 760 on,
Pepin's main military efforts went into the conquest of Aquitaine, the
lands south of the Loire River. Charlemagne accompanied his father on most
of these expeditions.

Campaigns

When Pepin died in 768, the rule of his realms was to be shared between
his two sons. Charlemagne sought an alliance with the Lombards by marrying
the daughter of their king, Desiderius (reigned 757-74). In 771 Carloman
died suddenly. Charlemagne then seized his territories, but Carloman's
heirs took refuge at the court of Desiderius. By that time Charlemagne had
repudiated his wife, and Desiderius was no longer friendly. In 772, when
Pope Adrian I appealed to Charlemagne for help against Desiderius, the
Frankish king invaded Italy, deposed his erstwhile father-in-law (774),
and himself assumed the royal title. He then journeyed to Rome and
reaffirmed his father's promise to protect papal lands. As early as 772
Charlemagne had fought onslaughts of the heathen Saxons on his lands.
Buoyed by his Italian success, he now (775) embarked on a campaign to
conquer and Christianize them. That campaign had some initial success but
was to drag on for 30 years, in which time he conducted many other
campaigns as well. He fought in Spain in 778; on the return trip his rear
guard, led by Roland, was ambushed, a story immortalized in The Song of
Roland. In 788 he subjected the Bavarians to his rule, and between 791 and
796 Charlemagne's armies conquered the empire of the Avars (corresponding
roughly to modern Hungary and Austria).

Coronation

Having thus established Frankish rule over so many other peoples,
Charlemagne had in fact built an empire and become an emperor. It remained
only for him to add the title. On Christmas Day, in 800, Charlemagne knelt
to pray in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Leo III then placed a
crown upon his head, and the people assembled in the church acclaimed him
the great, pacific emperor of the Romans.

Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, reported that the king was surprised by
this coronation and that had he known it was going to happen, he would not
have gone into the church that day. This report has led to much
speculation by historians. Charlemagne probably desired and expected to
get the imperial title and he subsequently used it. In 813 he designated
his sole surviving son, Louis, as his successor, and personally crowned
him.

Administration

Charlemagne established a more permanent royal capital than had any of his
predecessors. His favorite residence from 794 on was at Aix-la-Chapelle.
He had a church and a palace constructed there, based in part on
architectural borrowings from Ravenna and Rome. At his court he gathered
scholars from all over Europe, the most famous being the English cleric
Alcuin of York, whom he placed in charge of the palace school.

Administration of the empire was entrusted to some 250 royal
administrators called counts. Charlemagne issued hundreds of decrees,
called capitularies, dealing with a broad range of topics from judicial
and military matters to monasteries, education, and the management of
royal estates.

The empire did not expand after 800; indeed, already in the 790s the
seacoasts and river valleys experienced the first, dreaded visits of the
Vikings. Charlemagne ordered a special watch against them in every harbor,
but with little effect. He died before their full, destructive force was
unleashed on the empire.

Evaluation

Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the
size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation
that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic
warrior, who spent most of his adult life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns
he imposed baptism by the sword, and he retaliated against rebels with
merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and
prestige at the service of Christian doctrine, the monastic life, the
teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life,
held up as a model to most later kings, thus embodied the fusion of
Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European
civilization.

picture

Sources


1 Europe xc.

2 Zerbst (AOL user). "Capet: The Royal House of France" document uploaded toAOL on Feb 22, 1995. qaz.

3 Microsoft Encarta 1994 ed.

4 Faulkner, H.C. and Van Orden, W.H. "Reader's Reference Handbook" pub1889 by A.L. Burt in New York.

5 O'shea/Charlemagne qvc.


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