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General HIH Prince Higashikuni Naruhiko

BORN : 3 DEC 1887, Kyoto,Japan
DIED : 20 JAN 1990, Tokyo,Japan

FATHER : HIH Prince Kuni Asahiko [27 FEB 1824 - 25 OCT 1891]
MOTHER : Lady Terao Utako

PARTNER : HIH Princess Toshiko (Yasu-no-Miya) [11 MAY 1896 - 5 MAR 1978]
Union: 18 MAY 1915, Imperial Palace,Tokyo,Japan

  1. Major HIH Prince Higashikuni Morihiro [6 MAY 1916 - 1 FEB 1969]
  2. HIH Prince Higashikuni Moromasa [1917 - 1 SEP 1923]
  3. Marquess Awata Akitsune [13 MAY 1920 - 30 AUG 2006]
  4. Count Tarama Toshihiko [24 MAR 1929 - ]

1st Prince Higashikuni-no-miya [cr. 3.11.1906]
Head of the Imperial House of Higashikuni [14.10.1947] - [20.1.1990]
43rd Prime Minister of Japan [17.8.1945] - [9.10.1945]
He graduated from the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1908 as a second lieutenant, promoted to Lieutenant in 1910 and to Captain in 1913; he further studied at the Army War College, graduating in 1914l; commissioned a Captain, and then promote d to Major in the IJA 7th Division in 1915. He then studied military tactics at the École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr and École Polytechnique in Paris, from 1920 to 1926, during which time he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel in 1920 an d to colonel in 1926. He was assigned to the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Headquarters. Promoted to Major-General in August 1930 and appointed Commander of the 5th Infantry Brigade (1930-1934), promoted to Lieutenant-General in August 193 4 and given command of the IJA 4th Division (1934-1937). He ttok part in the Second Sino-Japanese War, was promoted to General in August 1939. He served as commander of the General Defense Command from 1941 to 1944. After the war, he reigned hi s post and later also renounced his Imperial title and became a commoner on 14th October 1947, adopting the surname Higashikuni.
He became the honorary chairman of the International Martial Arts Federation (IMAF) in 1957, and honorary President of several other organizations. He was awarded the Order of the Chrysanthemum, the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers , and the Order of the Golden Kite, 1st Class, 1940. Author of Ichi Kozoku no Senso Nikki (1958) and Higashikuni Nikki (1968).


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