The Rowland's become "Selectors"
all the moving around it must have been a relief to finally settle in one place.
Some sort of farming activity must have been set up, as much to provide food for
the family as anything else. William
would have had the
experience needed to successfully run a farm. However the living conditions the
family must have endured before they finally settled must have wreaked havoc on
William's health as he finally succumbed to the effects of consumption which he
had endured for some years, and died on 26 March 1855 and was buried at Avoca
. He was only 47
years old and left Frances with 10 children and although the elder boys were
obviously able to look after themselves, the youngest child would have been only
two years old. Frances would have been only about 41 when she was widowed.
However profits from the older boys mining ventures should have kept the family
in a reasonable financial situation.
these early years, the area was opening up to farming, as well as all the
George also selected land at Rathscar, farming there for 40 years before retiring and transferring his land to his two surviving sons. In fact nearly all the Rowland boys turned to the land to make their living, although for some years mining still supplemented the income. By the 1860’s many would be miners were back on the land and people generally were much better off. Now running a farm at Rathscar, in November 1870, the Avoca Mail reported William A. Rowland, Cornelius Fitzgerald and William Graves as being appointed managers of the Rathscar Temporary Common by the Avoca Shire. It was at Rathscar that William's third child; George Arthur was born on September 27,1871. William’s mother Frances assisting at the birth. In fact Frances appears to have been in great demand with her midwifery skills, to attend the many of the births in the family. She certainly would have had ample opportunity to keep her skills up to date! Frances was a busy and active member of the community. With her daughter-in-law Elizabeth, Frances was instrumental in establishing the Methodist Church in the area. Elizabeth was a staunch member of the Methodist Church and in fact had religious services held in her new home at Rathscar until her home became too small. With the consent of the Avoca minister Elizabeth and Frances collected a large amount of the money needed to establish a church. Elizabeth was also responsible for the establishment of the Sunday school. As the church had no organ Elizabeth, who had a good voice, lead the singing for over 15 years.
1867 the Avoca
growing in size.
Mining still played
Frances would have seen many changes in the area during her lifetime. She died on January 3,1900 at Moores Flat near Avoca leaving behind a prodigious number of children and grandchildren. She was buried the next day at the Avoca cemetery. It is interesting to note on her death certificate that under rank or profession is written, “Widow” and underneath “Nurse”.
William Anderton and Elizabeth produced a family of 10 children in all. Eliza born in September 1867, followed by William, George Arthur, Ada May, Walter, Alice Frances Winifred (known as Winifred), Richard, Emily Frederick and last born Florence in 1877. While Richmond and Elizabeth had a family of 12 children born between 1865 and 1888. Sadly Theodore died at the age of 3 in 1875. All was well for several years until Richmond died of a painful cancer of the face and two years after their son Tasman Gordon died in 1895. Elizabeth then saw her daughter Mabel die in 1902 followed ten years later by her youngest child Irene died of typhoid fever in 1912. Disease, typhoid in particular was a big killer in those times. George and his wife Mary Ann lost four young children to typhoid, their last two Alfred and Cecil being the only children to survive. It would have been terrible for them loosing their children, especially as other family members were producing healthy children with monotonous regularity.
Family Oral History - Norma Cornish nee Middleditch
Birth, Death, Marriage Certificates
Family Tree Information - Neilma Emanuel, Nan Middleditch
Family Bible held by Norma Cornish
International Genealogical Index - Family Search Computer Programme
Victorian Pioneer Index - microfiche
The Avoca Mail - State Library of Victoria
”Pioneers of the Pyrenees” - Margery and Betty Beavis
the 19th hole” – Neville Rowland Taylor
Pioneering Ancestors” – Vincent Ernest Squires
Maryborough a Social History 1854-1904 - Betty Osborne and Trenear Du Bourg
South Australian Land Returns 1843 - Andrew & Sandra Twining
Sun Newspaper – Melbourne, Victoria.
Records held by Mrs. Jan Andrews.
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