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Ros Davies' Co. Down, Northern Ireland Family History Research Site
© Rosalind Davies 2001

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Kilmegan parish

  Castlewellan Church of Ireland in Moneylane Church of Ireland in Castlewellan
Catholic Church, Castlewellan Castlewellan Presbyterian Church Primitive Wesleyan Methodist, Castlewellan Church of Ireland Dundrum
Catholic Church, Dundrum Dundrum Castle Dundrum town Catholic Church, Aughlisnafin
Clanvaraghan Catholic Church Burrenbridge Slidderyford Bridge Castlewellan Castle

 

Main Street, Castlewellan

Castlewellan
10km SW of Downpatrick
this photo taken in 2001 shows the spire from St. Malacy's Catholic Church

In 1611, Castlewellan was granted to Ever PacPhelimy Magennis. In 1766 the town and townland of Castlewellan comprised of 15 families of whom two were Catholic and the rest were Protestant. During the early 19th century weekly linen markets were held in Castlewellan. The town was owned by the Annesley family and the entrance to the Annesley demesne is left, off the upper square. Catholic Parochial House here.There was a meeting in town 17 Oct 1846 to discuss the landowners efforts during the famine. (FCDS3 p 16); Castlewellan Barrack was under fire on 18 May 1922 from local IRA units.

In 1830s, Castlewellan was the centre for linen production, both for bleaching material and spinning yarn and provided employment for 500 people. The town itself, with a population of over 700 was well built and consisted of an upper square and a lower square connected by a street, containing 122 houses, most of which were neat structures. DR. The town and surrounding townlands were owned by Earl Annesley in 1863.

The Post Office Directory of 1886 says that there was a mineral spring factory in town and a stone quarry nearby. It mentions a spinning mill & weaving factory but I think these are the ones down the hill at Annsborough. The town population in 1910 was 945.

Click here for information on schools in Castlewellan in 19th century.
Click here for a photo of Castlewellan Railway Station c. 1890

Try this link to the Castlewellan Court Book of 1824-1826 transcribed by Mr Christopher Napier http://www.alecbanmacconaill.co.uk/books.html
Part 1 contains an interesting Introduction- Surnames Index starts page 53 & Place Names index on page 162. Once you have the numbers go to Section 2 to find the reason for the court appearance.

Newspaper articles from Northern Star;
to be let, the distillery 9 Jul 1795

Newspaper articles from Down Recorder;
Poor Law district population was 3089 in 30 Nov 1839; assizes 25 Feb 1843: draining demesne & worker's luncheon 21 Feb 1846: relief meeting parishes Kilmegan, Drumgooland & Drumballyroney 17 Oct 1846*; harvest home in demesne 18 Oct 1851; party affray 6 May 1854 ;Literary Society Meeting 27 Jan 1855;Lecture on Self Education 22 Sep 1855; Installation of St. Paul's Masonic Lodge #142 20 Dec 1856; storm & havoc at circus 7 Aug 1858; description 12 Apr 1879;email me for a photo of Castlewellan railway station c. 1895 ( 27 Mar 1967R); half yearly hiring fair 6 May 1911*; electric lighting installed 3 Apr 1915*; meeting of Castlewellan & Annasborough Nursing Society 19 Feb 1924*;Castlewellan Diamonds in senior championships at Gaelic Athletics Assoication 1925-1928 & 1930s 9 Apr 1928*; Christmas celebrations at Castlewellan Castle 3 Jan 1936*; Castlewellan Agricultural Association 27 Jun 1936*; machinery being overhawled at Ulster Weaving Company's spinning mill 16 Apr 1937*; Castlewellan Agricultural Association meeting 4 Jun 1939

Newspaper Article from Mourne Observer;
Gordon Bennett Car Rally in town in 1903, photos available ( 23/12/03)

Try www.castlewellan.com or http://www.irishnews.com/castlewellangac/townhistory.html

References;V3 p 56, 57, 58, 59 OSM: DR*; 5/11/03*; DR; GIC; O'L V1 p lxxi, 36; Inv 2001 p 40;GV ; POD

 

Moneylane Church of Ireland

Kilmegan Church of Ireland- St Donard's , the old parish church

in Moneylane townland

There was a Catholic church on this site in pre-Reformation times, then used as a Church of Ireland after the Catholic dissipation. A silver chalice dated 1616 was found on the site. Rev. Daniel Magarry was pastor before his death in 1784. Rev. Lucas Waring was rector of combined parishes of Kilkeel, Kilcoo & Kilmegan for 37 years before his death in 1823. The church was rebuilt in late 18th century but described as a very old building in 1836. It was capable of holding 500 people. Some of the congregation moved to St. Paul's in Castlewellan when it was built in 1851. The Annesley family vault is here are dated 1616.

Records from 1823; graveyard attached; email me for a gravestone look-up

References;GIPR: GIC; MIs; V3 p 58, 60 OSM ; V9 MIs

St Paul's Church of ireland

St. Paul's Church of Ireland, Castlewellan
Mill Hill, at the northern end of town on the Clough Road

Prior to the building of St. Paul's church in the 1853 , Church of Ireland services were held in the Market House. The minister in 1846 was Rev. James Silcock. Prior to that they had met in the old chapel in Moneylane townland, which is 4km ENE of Castlewellan. The new church was built on the outskirts of the town of Castlewellan (northern edge on Clough Road). The cost of construction was £7,000 which was borne entirely by the Annesley family. It has a commanding position, set well back from the main road. The grounds enclosing it are terraced and contribute to the overall look at the building. It is in the Gothic style with a handsome porch and a graceful spire. The graveyard surrounds the church. The minister in 1907 was Rev. G. Graham McElroy & in 1910 was Rev. J.D. Kidd .

Newspaper articles from Down Recorder;
new church 23 Aug 1851 in the town's Market House; consecration of St Paulís 3rd Dec 1853: St Paul's church article 8 Oct 1864; choir picnic 31 Jul 1886

Graveyard attached
This photo was kindly sent to me by Brian McCleary.

References;MS WAG p 84: DR; photo; POD

 

Castlewellan Presbyterian Church

Castlewellan Presbyterian Church
on Newcastle Rd, Castlewellan

This congregation broke away from Clough and formed their own in 1795. This Meeting House was built in 1809 at a cost of £120. It holds 300 with an average attendance in 1836 of 180 people. It was a very plain building in a dilapidated condition then. Rev Thomas McKee was minister here for 40 years 27 Jan 1844 The church was rebuilt in 1854; 2nd minister was Rev. James Donaldson until his death in 1851; 3rd was Rev. Hugh Watson (for 40 years) .The minister in 1910 was Rev. Robert Anderson then Rev James Bridgett in 1937.

Newspaper articles from Down Recorder;
Rev Thomas McKee was minister here for 40 years 27 Jan 1844; soiree 7 Feb 1852; treasure hunt organised to raise funds for new hymnals 28 Aug 1937;

records from 1845, no graveyard; burials in Drumee graveyard

References; V3 p 58, 60 OSM: DR (30/5/1937); MO 31/10/2007; POD; GIPR: GIC; POD; DR* ; MIs

 

Methodist Church, Castlewellan

Castlewellan Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Church
Main St, Castlewellen,north end

This church was built in 1869. Once the poroerty of the Annesley family. Now a Gospel Hall.

no graveyard

References;GIC; CTHT 7

 

Catholic Church, Castlewellan

St. Malachy's Catholic Church, Castlewellan
at the southern end of town on the Rathfriland Road
Parochial House; 91 Main St, Castlewellan BT31 9Dh tel: 028 4377 8259 Fax; 4377 0349

Prior to the building of St. Malachy's, there was a Catholic chapel in Moneylane townland , 4 km ENE of town but this was taken over by the Church of Ireland congregation during penal times. Another chapel was built in Castlewellan town in 1825 and was paid for by general subscription. It was described in 1836 as a fine building which could hold 450 people and generally there was that many in attendance. Its dimensions were 66 feet by 26 feet in the shape of a T. Catholicism is the principal religion in this parish. The parish priest in 1846 was Rev John McLeanon with Rev Anthony Malone as curate & in 1867 was Rev. Alexander Stuart.

The church of St. Malacy's (above) was built in the 1880s on the site of the older church, in the Lower Square of the town of Castlewellan (southern end of town), by Father James McWilliams from designs by Mortimer H. Thomson Esq. architect. . The foundation stone was laid of Patrick Dorrian, Bishop of Down and Connor, in July 1880 and the church was dedicated in 7 September 1884 by the Very Rev. V.P. Hood. High Mass was celebrated by Rev. James Crickard, parish priest of Loughinisland whilst Rev. Thomas O'Donnell was deacon and the Rev. John McCartan was sub-deacon. The sermon was preached from Isaias, chapter vii , verses 13 & 14 by Father Flood O.P .All of the money, £15,000, for the church's construction was raised locally with £1,000 alone being obtained by a ladies bazaar. Much of the beauty and adornments were provided by the donations and bequests of the Messrs. Mooney Brothers, merchants, of Castlewellan. The church was constructed using Magheramayo granite (nearby townland) and was designed by Messrs. Heavy & Thompson of Killyleagh.

Article from Down Recorder newspaper;
variey show in church hall 11 Dec 1926*

PRONI has baptisms 1859-1881; NLI has baptisms 1859-1880 , marriages 1859- 1880; UHF has baptisms 1859-1899, marriages 1859-1899 & burials 1866-1868, no graveyard

THE SANDS DRAWERS' MARCH 17 July 1880 - (kindly sent by Miss Briege McComiskey)

Item taken from Account Book kept by Fr. James McWilliams, PP, VF, Castlewellan, who was responsible for building the Church at Castlewellan (As told by Patrick McPolin, 80 Ballykeel, Cabra, Newry, Co Down. Dated 28/12/1945.)

The Sand Drawers’ march took place about 63 years ago. That was at the time the Castlewellan Chapel was being rebuilt and the march was to help the work and to show Annesley’s Agent how united Catholics were. There was an Old Chapel there on the site obtained by Alexander McMullan from Lord Annesley in return for a loan, which Annesley needed very badly. When the new chapel was being planned it was intended to built it where St. Malachy's School is now, but the Mooney Brothers prevailed on the P.P. to build on the old site on account of their uncle having obtained it. The Mooney's subscribed very generously to the cost of the work.

Anyhow, when the work was undertaken, Annesley's Agent - a man named Shaw - refused permission to the Catholics to quarry stones or raise sand on this estate. The Catholics then opened two new quarries, one at Burrenreaghon the meade estate, and the other at Maghermayo on the Gartlan estate. The sand they needed was to be obtained at places near Hilltown and Dr. Mooney, then P.P. of Clonduff got his people to help in carting it to Castlewellan. A day was appointed for the work and all who could go were to get their loads on either at the sand pit in Leitrim or along the Bann at Ballycoshone. They were all to meet at the Square on the way to Castlewellan and those first to reach the square were to wait there till the others came that length and all were to go in a row into Castlewellan and deliver their loads beside where the buliding was going on.

Everything went according to plan; Cormac Kelly and I filled out loads at Ballycoshone and then drove on to the Square where we were the first to arrive. We waited there till the others arrived and, as each cart came up we pulled on a bit to make rom for them in a row. Then off we all headed for Castlewellan; Cormac was first in the line and I was second. There must have been up to a hundred carts there that day. When Cormac and I were passing the far end of Lough Island Reavy, the last cart hadn't passed the top of the hill on this side of the Lough.

When we got to Castlewellan there were crowds of men there waiting to do everything for us - hook out the horses, heel up the carts, shovel away the sand and everything. The parish priest of Castlewellan was there too and all hands were treated to whatever they liked to take.

Then we stabled our horses here and there and walked about the town till it was time to go home. Some trotted and sang the whole way back to the Square (in Hilltown) and they called at Atty Morgan's public house. After that they all went home in the best of heart.

There were people there that day from all over the Parish of Clonduff, Travers of Islandmoyle, McPolins of Stang, Morgans of Goward, McEvoys of Lenish, Patrick Morgan of Hilltown, Pat Murphy of the Glenn and dozens of others.But they are all dead and gone now except myself.

The work was completed and the church solemnly opened in 1884. Rev. Y.P. Flood, O.P., St. Mary's, Tallagh, preached: "It was a grand sight to see the sand carts going in a row into Castlewellan. Several of the men stuck their shovels straight in the middle of their load of sand and hoisted flags on them."

****************************************

List of 20th century priests:
Rev. Joseph O'Connor until 1920; Rev. John Eardley 1920-1929; Rev. Charles McKenna 1929- 1950; Rev. James Duff 1950-1959; Rev. Edward Crossin 1959- 1962; Rev. Austin McNabb 1963- 1980; Rev. Patrick White 1980- 1988; Rev. Archie Kelly 1988-1992; Rev. Finbarr Glavin 1992- 1200; Rev Sean Cahill 2000+

References;V3 p56,58,60 OSM ; BN; MS WAG p82; GIC; GIPR; TIA

Dundrum
3km S of Clough

 

 

This photo was kindly sent by Bill Haggan


The village follows the curve of inner Dundrum Bay.

Ancient faience beads were found here showing the existence of a Bronze Age settlement. In 1836 there was a school, a castle and a Methodist church here . The Poor Law district population was 3100 in 30 Nov 1839.

The village of Dundrum is a 19th century creation, but it takes its name from the Anglo-Norman Castle which overshadowed it. When Lord Downshire acquired Dundrum, it was a remote and impoverished place with few inhabitants. He decided to develop it and in 1806 employed two Scottish engineers John and Daniel Busby, to prepare plans. They suggested that the natural harbour should be deepened to encourage shipping and that settlers should be attracted by the offer of building sites at a nominal rent. Downshire accepted their advice and by 1812 the Busby's were employing 15 masons, 65 quarrymen and labourers, 3 carpenters, a blacksmith and 25 horse carts. There was then a short delay because of post-war economic difficulties, but by an announcement in the Belfast New Letter of November 8th 1825, Lord Downshire encouraged further developments :" The situation of the harbour is the centre of Dundrum Bay and the surrounding country producing the finest grain , makes this interesting spot a very desirable settlement and outlet for capital and industry. The lands in Dundrum have been laid out into accommodation for building lodging and other houses; the excellence of all kinds of materials and the ease with which they can be procured upon the spot, form powerful inducements for such an undertaking and justify us in recommending Dundrum to the notice of the intelligent inhabitants of the north of Ireland. It is intended to erect hot and cold baths on the principle of those most approved of in England, for the use of invalids and other visitors." The Marquis of Downshire built a dam near the town to service the flour mill in 1850s. Small lead mine here in 1853 ( LM 1988 p24)

It is clear that, like William Ogilvie in Ardglass, Lord Downshire hoped to make Dundrum a popular seaside resort. For a time his hopes seemed to be realised. The Downshire Arms hotel was built as were various lodging house for visitors. But in time Newcastle displaced Dundrum, particularly after the extension of the railway from Downpatrick in 1869 and the building of the Annesley Arms Hotel in Newcastle with its accommodation for 100 visitors. The port of Dundrum was more successful. The East Downshire Steam Ship Company was formed in 1871 and purchased vessels which brought timber from Canada as well as coals from England with 100 coal boats a year . To assist them the Marquis of Downshire extended the quays to over 800 feet at a cost of £20,000. The harbour was a busy place at the end of the 19th century; up to a hundred coal boats a year arrived from England and Scotland and over forty cargoes of potatoes were exported each autumn. There was a Police Station here in 1889 with W. H. Magee in charge. After the First World War the trade began to decline. Crossing the bar to the inner harbour proved too difficult for larger vessels and merchants now imported through Belfast or Warrenpoint. Dundrum is now a quiet, pleasant village which attracts visitors to the castle. The town population in 1910 was 503 people. (POD)

There is an article about the lifeboat crews of Dundrum Bay in Lecale Miscellany 2002 p 16

Newspaper articles from Down Recorder;
sea bathing lodge 15 Jun 1839; hotel for sale 15 Oct 1842; new post office 16 Aug 1845: digging match 29 Apr 1848: Marquis of Downshire kind to tenants during Famine 27 May 1848: schoolmaster wanted 10 Jun 1848: Downshire Arms Hotel 30 Jun 1849: estate farming society 22 Sep 1849: lead mine 28 Aug 1852:copper mine 4 Jun 1853: steam communication to Whitehaven 23 Sep 1854:Vessel sunk in the bay 13 Jan 1855:article 5 Jul 1856; completion of new bridge 18 Sep 1858; meeting of tenants 1 May 1869.

Newspaper article from Mourne Observer newspaper;
Great Storn of 1843, loss of life 1/03

References;V3 p57,58,59 & V12 p 101 OSM : LWAG p 82; DR & DR* 11/ 2001 & 24/22/2004R; HMNI p99; RICLD p79; GIC; KCL p11; IPP p 22; PTTF p19; SSM p173,182; POD ;GV

 

Dundrum Castle

Dundrum Castle
Dundrum Castle is situated on a steep rock above the village and a short distance from the harbour. Dundrum means 'the fort of the ridge' which suggests an Early Christian fort was in the vicinity and archaeological finds confirm this. It is likely that John de Courcey fortified this important site as part of his conquest of Ulster from 1177 onwards, although the first written reference to the castle wasn't until 1205. It was one of a string of coastal castles including Carlingford, Downpatrick and Carrickfergus.

The castle was besieged unsuccessfully in 1205 and was captured by King John in 1210 when its garrison equalled that at Carrickfergus It passed from royal hands to the earls of Ulster in 1227 and a yearly rent of £6, 14 shillings & 3 pence. Expenditure on repairs recorded in 1260 may have involved the gatehouse, but a 1333 inquisition described ' a ruinous castle, which is of no annual value, because it needs so much repair that nothing can be obtained from it.' During part at least of the later Middle Ages it was in Irish hands (the Magennises.) It is said to have been spoiled by Cromwell in 1652 and past to to his son, Thomas, Viscount of Ardglass who sold it to Sir Francis Blundell, from whom it descended to the Marquis of Downshire. In 1517 Gerald, 9th King of Kildare marched in and took Lecale by storm. It was retaken by the Magennis's and retaken by Lord Deputy Gray in 1538. Phelim McEver Magennis possessed it for a short time but had to give it over to Lord Mountjoy in 1601. The castle was ordered dismantled by Oliver Cromwell. .It was afterwards that the 17th century probably also saw the construction of the dwelling house in the lower ward.

The average breathe of the wall is 8 feet.

References;O'L V1 p 67,68 & Government leaflet ; LR 2022 p55 (Blundell's House); MO 4/6/2014 p41 (photo & info)

 

St Donard's Church of Ireland

St. Donard's Church of Ireland, Dundrum

St. Donard's church is situated in Dundrum village at the Newcastle or southern end. It is a handsome stone building, one of the finest examples of a country parish church, built in 1886. Its architect was Sir Thomas Drew, the Gothic Revivalist, son of a Church of Ireland clergyman. The church tower has angel and gargoyle figures and there are fine examples of Victorian craftsmanship in its doors and gates. Its grounds are tastefully landscaped with trees and shrubs.

It was built and financed by the Marquis of Downshire, who at the time, was promoting Dundrum as a spa, port and bathing place.It replaced an older church and is on the site of an early Christian community. The present car park was built on top of what was once a refuge. A place of sanctuary for early Christians who were fleeing Danish Viking raiders in the 9th century. The rector in 1910 was Rev. Robert Ford.

no graveyard; burials at Maghera Church of Ireland

Newspaper articles from Down Recorder;
foundation stone of new church 13 Sep 1884; 200th anniversary 29 Nov 2000

This photo was kindly sent to me by Brian McCleary.

References;LWAG p 87; DR: DR 28 Nov 2001; POD

 

Catholic Church, Dundrum

Sacred Heart Catholic Church, Dundrum

in the Catholic parish of Ballykinler
Parochial House 33 Main St, Dundrum BT33 0LU Tel; 4375 1212

Originally in the Catholic parish of Kilmegan, Dundrum joined with the Catholic Ballykinler parish during the episcopate of Bishop Dorrian (1865-1885) to form a single parish. As the village and port prospered, due to the encouragement of Lord Downshire, the number of Catholics in Dundrum increased and the little Mass house proved inadequate. The present church with its fine spire was erected in 1884. Its architect was Alexander McAlister, of Belfast.

List of 20th century priests;
Rev. James O'Hara until 1919; Rev. James Marmion 1919- 1950; Rev. Daniel Gogarty 1950-1963; Rev. John D. Kelly 1963- 1965; Rev. Bernard McLaverty 1965- 1978; Rev. Michael Blaney 1978- 1990; Rev. Gerard McConville 1990- 1995; Rev. Donal Kelly 1995- 1999; Rev. Patrick McKenna 1999+

no graveyard; burials in St. Joseph's Ballykinler or Aughlisnafin; UHF has baptisms 1854-1900 & marriages 1855-1900

References;LWAG p 86; O'L B p 612

 

Aughlisnafin Catholic Church

Immaculate Conception of Blessed Virgin Mary Catholic Church in Aughlisnafin townland

The old church was built around 1780 and rebuilt 1810 by Father William MacMullan. Prior to the building of the chapel, Mass was celebrated in the outdoors on this site, in Ballywillwill and in the old friary at Drumnaquoil. The parish priest in 1824-1829 was Rev. John Smith/ Smyth then Rev. John O'Neill & from 10 Mar 1843 until his death 22 Feb 1876 was Rev. James McAleenan. After his death the parish of Kilmegan was rearranged into Drumaroad & Clanvaraghan.

The present church was built 1858 by Rev. James McAleenan for £869.12.10 & named as above.The designs were by Father Jeremiah McAuley. The new church was consecrated 11 Nov 1864 by Most Rev. Cornelius Denvir, Bishop of Down and Connor with bishop Dr. William Dorrian preaching the sermon. Each person attending was charges one shilling for a seat.
It was renovated in 1954 by Rodgers Bros. with santuary of wrought iron, mahoney altar rails & gates, renewed roof & new entrance porch.

Graveyard attached, graveyard inscriptions UHF Vol 9; email me for a gravestone look-up

References;V9 MIs; GIC; O'L V1 p lxx; O'L V1 p 79,80; LM 1994 p61,62,64; church 150th anniversary leaflet

 

Clanvaraghan Catholic Chapel

Clanvaraghan Catholic Church-St Mary of the Angels
on a back road between Castlewellan & Dromara BT31

A chapel was built in 1785 by Rev. Patrick McMullan, at the site where Mass was celebrated during Penal times. It was rebuilt in 1825 & consecrated in 1827.In 1836, it was described as a plain , slated building in good repair with dimensions of 66 by 24 feet & in a T shape. The priest then was Rev. John O'Neill (1831-1843). The church (left) was opened 26 Sep 1937 and the old church demolished. The land was given by Patrick McLaughlin of Slievinisky.

List of priests (shared with Drumaroad) ;
Rev John McCourt in 1877, Rev John Cavanagh 1875-1880; Rev Bernard McKenna 1884- 1895; Rev H. Skeffington 1891-1892; Rev John McAllster 1895-1898; Rev Mullumby 1896- 1898; Rev. Patrick McCambridge 1898- 1906; Rev. Daniel O'Reilly 1906- 1934; Rev. Dennis Cahill 1934- 1957; Rev. Richard O'Neill 1957- 1966; Rev. Joseph Maguire 1966- 1977; Rev. Gerard Park 1977- 1987; Rev. Eamonn Magee 1987- 1989; Rev. John Moloy 1989+

Newspaper article from Down Recorder;
announcement of new church's commencement 22 Feb 1937*; new church built 29 Sep & 2 Oct 1937*

graveyard attached dates from 1831; inscriptions are on http://www.drumaroadhistory.com/drumaroadhistory12.html

References; LM 1994 p60,64; V3 p 55, 60 OSM: LCB p 12; GIC; O'L V1 p 79 & B p 612; DR*; photo of old church (DS 2010 p62,63); HCDTD p57+; http://www.drumaroadhistory.com/drumaroadhistory10.html

 

Michael McCartan's shop in Burrenbridge

Burrenbridge village
near the Burren River, 1km SW of Castlewellan on the Kilcoo road

This delightful photo was sent to me by Stephen King of Castlewellan & shows a group outside Michael McCartan's shop in the village of Burrenbridge.

Newspaper Articles from Down Recorder;
Burren Gaelic Athletics Association formed 1903 and won All Ireland Club title in 1930s

References;DR*9/4/1928R

 

Slidderyford Bridge

Slidderyford Bridge

The name means 'ford of the living stones' as there is an ancient standing stone here . The sandhills in this area have yielded many stone age artifacts. This ornate, twelve arched bridge seems out of place in this rural townland. It replaced the old ford and is on the main road between Dundrum and Newcastle. When the tide came up the Slippery River, it covered the old ford by 2 feet making it difficult to cross. Passengers had to use large horses.

The bridge was built sometime after 1836. There was a mill near the bridge but the only remaining sign of it it a very ornate post ( diameter 1 metre) at the junction of the river and a small stream. Judging by the size of the river, only about 3 metres across in most places, the mill, the post and the bridge was the idea of someone with too much money and not enough sense.

References;PNNI V3 p 101; V3 p 57 OSM; IPP p 108

 

by Ros Davies