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SURNAME THEORIES
of
CROSTON & TRAVIS/TRAVES & DOLPHIN

 

CROSTON
Surname Origin Theory
by Bernard Mayle
with his permission

A "theory" is that the Croston family originated from a Dutch family with the surname of Krosen who was living in Baltimore, Maryland.
In 1768 at the same time that Wilmer Male signed the Joppa petition, three Kroesen's signed this petition; two were James Kroesen and Nicholas Kroesen.

 

 

PROCEEDINGS AND ACTS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 1766-1768
APPENDIX
JOPPA PETITION signers
The last number on the url is the page that it is on.

The petitions to the Assembly for and against the removal of the county
seat, Joppa, to Baltimore Town are printed in the Appendix (pp. 520-580).
The former set forth many reasons urged for removal that are not to be found
in the preamble of the act providing for it. An exact count of the signers, for
and against, is not possible as some of the petitions are defective and it seems
likely that others are missing. A contemporary tabulation shows 2271 signers in
favor of removal (pp. 523, 564); and a count shows 901 against. We learn from
one of the petitions against removal that there were then 8256 taxables in Balti-
more County.
As "taxables" embraced all males over sixteen years of age,
including negro slaves and white indentured servants as well as female slaves
over sixteen, it seems certain that the 3172 inhabitants who signed petitions
included practically all of the males of the county twenty-one years and over,
whose signatures would influence the Assembly in making the decision.

http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000061/html/am61p--87.html

John Travis
http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000061/html/am61--540.html
James Travies
http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000061/html/am61--540.html
Robert Travis
http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000061/html/am61--576.html
Wilmer Maile
http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000061/html/am61--543.html
William Pricheard
http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000061/html/am61--526.html
Dan. Pritchard
http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000061/html/am61--577.html
James Pritchard
http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000061/html/am61--577.html
same page:
Thomas Kennedy
Nichlas Kroesen
Richard Kroesen
John Kroesen
ttp://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000061/html/am61--580.html

 

 

DOLPHIN

[as some have written it, and I don't have a record which states this spelling]
SPECULATIONS ON THE NAMES OF TRAVIS/TRAVES & DOLPHIN & CROSTEN

Hezekiah Emery gave an oath in 1818 that he had known Gustavus Croston for 50 years and that Gustav was known as Travis Croston, so we know certainly that Gustavus was known as both Travis AND Gustavus.
1)Gustav Croston's middle name of "Dolphin" could 'possibly' be Dauphin or Dauphine.|
2) Perhaps Dolphin/Dauphin/Dauphine is a surname name belonging to his mother?
3) Perhaps as one person said, he got it by swimming like a Dolphin. a) If he were Indian, some Indians gave their sons & daughters names of their virtues or attributes.
4) Perhaps Travis could have been the surname of his father and Dauphine the surname of his mother. Perhaps he was Travis Dolphin Croston, Jr. and that is why he took the name of Gustav Croston and other times he took the name of Travis Dolphin Croston.
5) Perhaps Croston was Kroesen as in the Joppa petition Kroesen.
Following is a list of New Orleans slave/Native Americans that their owners were Dauphine -- you can gather your own thoughts from this information. I'm not sure it signifies anything meaningful as relates to Gustavus Croston, but it is here as research notes for the following reasons:
1) Dauphine surname (Dolphin)
2) Birthplace: Native American
3)Race: Indian
4) Indian had been a slave
5) Mother's race: Indian

Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy, 1719-1820
Dauphine
All below are one document #478 dated March 17, 1756

Document Date: 3/17/1756
Document Number: 478
Depository: Louisiana Historical Center, New Orleans.
Location: Natchitoches. [Claiborne 1828, Caddo 1838, Bossier 1843, DeSoto 1843, Sabine 1843, Bienville 1848, Red River 1871, Webster 1871]
Master: Claude Bertrand Dauphine
Master's Gender: 2
Name: Pierre
Gender: male
Race: indian
Age Category: adult
Birthplace: Native American
Freed: by living master
The manumission did not involve cash payment.
Slave was freed.
Reasons: good services, happy with their care
no prices at all
A condition was imposed on this manumission. 1 = yes.
Terms: after death of both masters
Family: husband,wife, Marie, ?,?,Jean Louis kids so far
This slave's family relationships were indicated.
Comments: Pierre Harceau, corporal of detached marine company stationed at Natchitoches. Have lived 33 yrs. together.
Indian couple and their 5 children. Found freed at inventory of mother's estate, II, 480, 9/28/1768.
Document Date: 3/17/1756
Document Number: 478
Depository: Louisiana Historical Center, New Orleans.
Location: Natchitoches. [Claiborne 1828, Caddo 1838, Bossier 1843, DeSoto 1843, Sabine 1843, Bienville 1848, Red River 1871, Webster 1871]
Master: Claude Bertrand Dauphine
Master's Gender: 2
Name: Jeanne
Gender: female
Race: indian
Age Category: adult
Birthplace: Native American
Freed: by living master
The manumission did not involve cash payment.
Slave was freed.
Reasons: good services, happy with their care
no prices at all
A condition was imposed on this manumission. 1 = yes.
Terms: after death of both masters
Family: husband,wife, Marie, ?,?,Jean Louis kids so far
This slave's family relationships were indicated.
Comments: Pierre Harceau, corporal of detached marine company stationed at Natchitoches. Have lived 33 yrs. together. Indian couple and their 5 children. Found freed at inventory of mother's estate, II, 480, 9/28/1768.
Document Date: 3/17/1756
Document Number: 478
Depository: Louisiana Historical Center, New Orleans.
Location: Natchitoches. [Claiborne 1828, Caddo 1838, Bossier 1843, DeSoto 1843, Sabine 1843, Bienville 1848, Red River 1871, Webster 1871]
Master: Claude Bertrand Dauphine
Master's Gender: 2
Name: Marie Ursule
Gender: female
Race: indian
Age Category: child
Birthplace: Native American
Freed: by living master
The manumission did not involve cash payment.
Slave was freed.
Reasons: good services, happy with their care
no prices at all
A condition was imposed on this manumission. 1 = yes.
Terms: after death of both masters
Family: husband,wife, Marie, ?,?,Jean Louis kids so far
This slave's family relationships were indicated.
Comments: Pierre Harceau, corporal of detached marine company stationed at Natchitoches. Have lived 33 yrs. together. Indian couple and their 5 children. Found freed at inventory of mother's estate, II, 480, 9/28/1768.
Slave's mother is listed in the document
Mother's Race: indian
Document Date: 3/17/1756
Document Number: 478
Depository: Louisiana Historical Center, New Orleans.
Location: Natchitoches. [Claiborne 1828, Caddo 1838, Bossier 1843, DeSoto 1843, Sabine 1843, Bienville 1848, Red River 1871, Webster 1871]
Master: Claude Bertrand Dauphine
Master's Gender: 2
Name: Pierre
Gender: male
Race: indian
Age Category: child
Birthplace: Native American
Freed: by living master
The manumission did not involve cash payment.
Slave was freed.
Reasons: good services, happy with their care
no prices at all
A condition was imposed on this manumission. 1 = yes.
Terms: after death of both masters
Family: husband,wife, Marie, ?,?,Jean Louis kids so far
This slave's family relationships were indicated.
Comments: Pierre Harceau, corporal of detached marine company stationed at Natchitoches. Have lived 33 yrs. together. Indian couple and their 5 children. Found freed at inventory of mother's estate, II, 480, 9/28/1768.
Slave's mother is listed in the document
Mother's Race: indian
Document Date: 3/17/1756
Document Number: 478
Depository: Louisiana Historical Center, New Orleans.
Location: Natchitoches. [Claiborne 1828, Caddo 1838, Bossier 1843, DeSoto 1843, Sabine 1843, Bienville 1848, Red River 1871, Webster 1871]
Master: Claude Bertrand Dauphine
Master's Gender: 2
Name: Jean Louis
Gender: male
Race: indian
Age Category: child
Birthplace: Native American
Freed: by living master
The manumission did not involve cash payment.
Slave was freed.
Reasons: good services, happy with their care
no prices at all
A condition was imposed on this manumission. 1 = yes.
Terms: after death of both masters
Family: husband,wife, Marie, ?,?,Jean Louis kids so far
This slave's family relationships were indicated.
Comments: Pierre Harceau, corporal of detached marine company stationed at Natchitoches. Have lived 33 yrs. together. Indian couple and their 5 children. Found freed at inventory of mother's estate, II, 480, 9/28/1768.
Slave's mother is listed in the document
Mother's Race: indian
Document Date: 3/17/1756
Document Number: 478
Depository: Louisiana Historical Center, New Orleans.
Location: Natchitoches. [Claiborne 1828, Caddo 1838, Bossier 1843, DeSoto 1843, Sabine 1843, Bienville 1848, Red River 1871, Webster 1871]
Master: Claude Bertrand Dauphine
Master's Gender: 2
Name: Emere Marie
Name Type: African
Gender: female
Race: indian
Age Category: child
Birthplace: Native American
Freed: by living master
The manumission did not involve cash payment.
Slave was freed.
Reasons: good services, happy with their care
no prices at all
A condition was imposed on this manumission. 1 = yes.
Terms: after death of both masters
Family: husband,wife, Marie, ?,?,Jean Louis kids so far
This slave's family relationships were indicated.
Comments: Pierre Harceau, corporal of detached marine company stationed at Natchitoches. Have lived 33 yrs. together. Indian couple and their 5 children. Found freed at inventory of mother's estate, II, 480, 9/28/1768.
Slave's mother is listed in the document
Mother's Race: indian
Document Date: 3/17/1756
Document Number: 478
Depository: Louisiana Historical Center, New Orleans.
Location: Natchitoches. [Claiborne 1828, Caddo 1838, Bossier 1843, DeSoto 1843, Sabine 1843, Bienville 1848, Red River 1871, Webster 1871]
Master: Claude Bertrand Dauphine
Master's Gender: 2
Name: Marie Marguerite
Gender: female
Race: indian
Age Category: child
Birthplace: Native American
Freed: by living master
The manumission did not involve cash payment.
Slave was freed.
Reasons: good services, happy with their care
no prices at all
A condition was imposed on this manumission. 1 = yes.
Terms: after death of both masters
Family: husband,wife, Marie, ?,?,Jean Louis kids so far
This slave's family relationships were indicated.
Comments: Pierre Harceau, corporal of detached marine company stationed at Natchitoches. Have lived 33 yrs. together. Indian couple and their 5 children. Found freed at inventory of mother's estate, II, 480, 9/28/1768.
Slave's mother is listed in the document
Mother's Race: indian

 

 

BALTIMORE WHOLE BUSINESS DIRECTORY AND BUSINESS CIRCULAR FOR THE YEAR 1853
DAUPHIN AND SUSQUEHANNA COAL COMPANY.
WHARF at Canton—YARD N. W. Cor. North and Madison.
**
Foster Adams, Dauphine and Susq, Coal Co., cor. Baltimore and South
http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000529/html/am529--160.html

It is my opinion that this name, "Dauphin" in this company could possibly represent the "Dauphin of France," Dauphin being a 'Title." [There is also a Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania]

 

58. To the following bequests contained in the Last
Will and Testament of
Leon W. Dauphin, recorded in the
Orphans' Court of Baltimore County
http://search2.mdarchives.state.md.us/cgi-bin/htsearch2?config=aom;sort=score;words=dauphin;page=2
I'm not sure of the date of this.

 

Back to Gustavus Croston page

Back to Croston Research Notes page

 

 

Page Created January 24, 2004
Page Accessed or Updated by me:
January 24, 2004