Search billions of records on




                            Joseph Edward Arvin

                                     The merchants...were cautious and prudent, they had begun the world     
                                     with little or nothing and had risen to independence by slow but steady steps.
                                     They did business in their own houses, traded principally on their own capital,
                                     lived in houses of their own and most of them owned farms from which they
                                     could draw a subsistence when trade failed.                         —J. F. McElroy 
                                                                 History of Lebanon [Kentucky]







     Joseph Edward Arvin and his twin sister Mary Ellen Arvin were born on 9 November 1815, in Charles County, Maryland. They had two older brothers: William, born in June of 1811, and Thomas, born in May of 1813. All were born on the family compound known as Arvin’s Enlargement, land originally established by Joseph’s great grandfather prior to the Revolutionary War. Their parents were Henry Arvin and Theresa (nee Montgomery).
     The economy of Southern Maryland had been devastated by the War of 1812, and in the post-war years, the family migrated to Kentucky, following the well-established lead of many Catholic families from St. Mary’s and Charles Counties. Joseph and Mary Ellen were just infants when their family made the move (imagine!) and probably had no memory of any of it. The family settled in western Washington County, Kentucky, in the Hardin’s Creek Settlement. For a time they lived with Joseph’s uncle, Thomas P. Arvin, who had probably accompanied them.
     Henry and Theresa’s family expanded rapidly. A younger brother (whose name is unknown) was born in 1817, the year after the family arrived in Kentucky. A sister, Rosa L. Arvin, was born in February of 1818. Another sister, Sary Arvin, was born in March 1820, but “died in infancy” three weeks later. Yet another younger sister (name unknown) was born in very late 1820. Brothers were born thereafter: Joshua O. Arvin in August 1821, Augustine Arvin in February 1824. George Washington Arvin was born in January 1826.  Another set of twins, Kendrick Arvin and James P. Arvin, were born in January 1828. Kendrick died just three days later.


Life in Washington County

     Within two or three years, the Arvins moved away from Thomas P’s farm and onto a succession of rented farms, but they remained in the same general area of western Washington County. In 1831, Henry completed the purchase of his own farm, two tracts totaling about 130 acres, which were located “on the waters of Station Run,” a small creek which today parallels Johnson Road. (The exact location of the farm is unknown.) The family was Catholic, and they lived just a few miles west of the St. Rose religious complex, which they attended. The complex itself is about two miles west of Springfield, the county seat of Washington County, Kentucky.

      Elizabeth Wells was a Catholic nun living at the St. Rose complex. She often wrote letters to her brother, John Close, a contractor’s agent for the United States Army post at Opelousas, Alabama. Her letters mention people living in Washington County at this time, some of whom were familiar to the Arvins. Dr. Edward B. Gaither was the man who would be a party in a lawsuit against Henry Arvin in 1836.
avocation at St. Rose was housekeeping. In 1828, she feared her job would be eliminated when a new Superior took over, and she wrote to John about her plans were she forced to leave St. Rose.


Text Box:        St. Rose October 20, 1828

       Dear Brother, I am in tolerable health. I return you my most sincere hearty thanks for
       the Coffee, Tea & Sugar that you sent me but I am sorry to tell you that as all the white
       servants, most of the blacks are likely to be dismissed by the new Superior according to
       the institute, to be supplied by Lay Brothers. I have chosen Doctor E. B. Gaither’s house
       at Springfield to be my temporary refuge till I can set out for to join you. Be so kind 
       therefore as to direct a small draft on Louisville to him, for my journey. (Doctor E. B.
       Gaither, Springfield, Washington County, Kentucky). Be so kind as to answer me 

       Yours most Sincerely,

       Elisab Wells




     Elizabeth received a prompt response from John, and it included a payment of one hundred dollars to help her with her expenses. However, after that—despite repeated letters to him—she heard nothing further. Therefore, she never put her plan to travel to Opelousas into action. (Actually, she may never have had to leave St. Rose at all.) However, with each unanswered letter, she grew increasingly apprehensive about John’s fate, eventually writing that she feared he was dead. Though she got no response, she persevered in her letter writing. For four long years, it was always a one-sided conversation.
     In January of 1833 (when the twins Joseph and Mary Ellen Arvin were seventeen years old), Elizabeth wrote to John about a new flare up of a very dangerous disease, which was often fatal and for which there was no known cure. She writes, “I hope your country has escaped the Cholera, with us it followed the [Ohio] river.”

     In the spring of 1833, Elizabeth had the opportunity to travel to the Deep South with a contingent from Washington County, and perhaps visit John. However, unsure of whether he was still alive, she did not make the journey. Then in April of 1833, she unexpectedly received a letter from him. She immediately responded, and in her letter, she mentions another Springfield resident, James H. Cunningham, the proprietor of the store where the Arvins traded when they went to town for supplies.      

iles/image002.gif" alt="Text Box: Washington County St. Rose near Springfield Kentucky Dear Brother I received your kind affectionate letter Apr. 27, 1833. It gave me great joy as I had not heard from you since about 4 years ago & did not know whether you were living during which time & I wrote 6 letters to you. I received your letter & the hundred Dollars but I cannot tell in whose name & sent also to Mr. More informing him that I had received the $100. Dr Gaither of Springfield engaged Mr. Cunningham, a Springfield merchant, to receive the money at Louisville & Mr. Cunningham delivered it to me about 4 years ago. I have been much confined this winter & springs. One of our Priests [illegible], Rev’d Samuel Montgomery, & 3 of our neighbours are now exploring Texas & have promised to call upon you as they return through Opelousas. They took Shipping at N. Orleans May 26~~ If I had known you were living I should certainly have gone with them & been with you & if they settle in Texas I intend to go with them & call on you for I shall only recover my health in that warm climate. I shall write every 15 days till receive an answer from you. Be so kind as to tell me where to land from the river & how to travel to you. What pleasure will it give me to see you my Dear Brother. Write to me soon. Your loving Sister, Mary Elizabeth R. Wells May 6th, 1833 " v:shapes="_x0000_s1081">





     This time John did answer Elizabeth, and his letter soon reached her at St. Rose. However, in the time it took the letters to travel back and forth, Washington County had gone through a period of large-scale sickness, panic and death. Elizabeth writes to John just as the area was beginning to wrench itself free from the throes of a severe epidemic.




Text Box:      Dear Brother

     I received your letter of 19 of June & it gave me much pleasure to hear you were all well,
     But I fair that is not the case at this time as that fatal monster is in your country. It has 
     carried off a large number of our springfield citizens & also a great many of our neighbors. 
     It did not pay any respects to persons. It commenced in May in the Country and killed 
     3 or 4, & on the 9 of June it began in Springfield. In two days fifty fell victim from that
     fatal monster, & the number last was 80 or 90, it began to subside last week. ~~

     Now I must tell you how our good Rev’d Fathers, Brothers and Sisters of this place 
     exercised their charity to the sufferers. Every one of our Fathers was waiting on the sick
     day & night except when life required a little rest. One of the Fathers remained in town
     during the most fatal time~~and I do assure you many converts have been made, God
     in his Goodness laid the truth open to many ~~ 

     In Lexington more than Springfield were cut off & several towns in this state have been 
     nearly depopolized & thanks to Almighty Good I never enjoyed better health in my life
     than I do now. But one of our family fell victim of Cholera ~~ and that was a black 
     woman. I thank our good God we are all well but how long I know not, as I feel as if
     I were addressing the dead because you are liable to fall as any other but I will drop this


     The Arvin household lost two children in this epidemic: a thirteen-year-old son and the ten-year-old daughter whose names are now unknown. It must have been a terrible summer for everyone in Washington County. St. Rose Church lost its pastor, the Very Rev. William Tuite.


     In December of 1833, Elizabeth wrote to John, and in her letter, we get a summary of the toll taken by that “fatal monster.” She again had not heard from him, and again feared the worst.



Text Box: December 22nd 1833 St. Rose
Washington County, Ky

My Dear Brother

. . .

I beg of you then with the sincere and true affection of an attached sister, that you will take the earliest opportunity of removing the care and anxiety with which my mind is so painfully oppressed. A letter from you at this time would be a source of the highest pleasure. This cholera has long since eased from among us but I cannot say that the country around enjoys the blessings of health. There is no particular prevailing disease but many die of some one of the many diseases incident to poor frail humanity -The collective No. who died of cholera in this country is perhaps more than 450. In Springfield the neibouring village out of a population of 700 - near 100 is supposed to have died - the epidemic prevailed about 5 weeks. From the short period of its continuance and from the number who died, you may form a pretty correct estimate of the severity. I myself escaped - even the premonitory symptoms. 

. . .

Rose Elizabeth Wells





Cramped Quarters


     Henry, as the oldest brother, was the de facto leader of his little Arvin clan. Thomas P. Arvin may have been a bachelor and lived on his own—we don’t know for sure—but other extended family members apparently lived on Henry’s land, with his approval. Another brother, Elias Arvin, had migrated to Washington County with his wife Catherine and their family and was living there, perhaps in a home of their own. John Arvin, a cousin, also lived nearby. As everyone’s family grew, the need for more and more land increased. The tipping point came in 1835 or 1836, when Henry’s brother Edward arrived from Maryland with his wife Nancy Ann and their six children. They were poverty-stricken and much of need of help. In addition, two of their children were mentally handicapped and needed special attention. All the brothers and John Arvin probably aided them considerably in getting situated, but things were getting crowded. To deal with this tough situation, Henry may have tried to claim land abandoned by a neighbor who had moved to Illinois. Henry was the local surveyor, and this may have emboldened him to enlarge his holdings to include the neighbor’s vacated land. It may have been done with the best of intentions, but the results were a disaster.
     When the old neighbor, Ashford Smith, learned what Henry had done, he joined forces with Dr. E. B. Gaither, the same man mentioned by Elizabeth Wells, and brought suit against Henry in Washington County Circuit Court. (Dr. Gaither would have had enough ready cash to put up the bond required by the court.) In 1836, the case was heard at the courthouse in Springfield. The court handed down a large judgement against Henry. In 1837, he was forced to seek financial aid from two sympathetic neighbors to pay the judgement, and he had to give up the disputed land. As a result, the Arvin clan fell back into subsistence farming on what little land they still could use: barely 130 acres of hilly, ravine-gutted land. Times were tough. Joseph and Mary Ellen were in their early twenties when these events played out.
     To make matters worse, the United States was falling into an economic depression, from which it would not recover for several years. Deflation was upon the land, and it resulted in commodity prices gradually losing their value in the marketplace. The situation, taken in total, probably led to the entire clan developing an interest in relocation to Indiana. They knew of many friends and neighbors who had struggled with similar land disputes; many had already gone north to the new State. One famous example was Thomas Lincoln, who moved his family to Indiana in 1816 after a lawsuit involving land ownership was decided against him.2

Growing Up

     Joseph was becoming a young man, and he got out on his own in the next few years. 

1840: (age 24) He appears in the Washington County, Kentucky, Tax List Book. He is over 21, owns one mare, and has a tax assessment value of $75.00. However, he is not listed in the 1840 Census records for Washington County. He may be working as a farm laborer somewhere out of the county at the time the census was taken (June). 


1841: (age 25) Joseph is listed in the Washington County, Tax List Book, living on his father’s land. He is over 21, and owns one mare. His assessment value for tax purposes is $60.00.

1842: (age 26) He is not listed in the Tax List Book. He may be working as a farm laborer in southern Indiana, or—perhaps more likely—he is working over in Hardin County, Kentucky. This may be the summer when he meets a young lady who lives there. Her name is Rose Ann, and she is only seventeen years old.

1843: (age 27) He is back in the Washington County Tax List Book this year, again listed as being over 21 years old and owning one mare. His tax assessment value is only $20.00—the United States was still ensnared in a period of deflation.

1844: (age 28) He is listed in the Washington County Tax List Book. He is over 21, owns one mare, and his tax assessment value is $30.00.


A New Hope

     By the late 1830s, members of the Arvin family were probably exploring places to live in Indiana, visiting friends there or working as farm laborers through the summer. We know almost nothing about these early sojourns, but one written indication of the family’s interest in the new State is a receipt for a purchase, which Joseph’s older brother, William, made in 1839. He paid 18 and ¾ cents for a quart of whisky on July 5th of that year. Somehow, this receipt came into Joseph’s possession. Joseph was destined to later operate a store out of his home in Indiana, and a large number of receipts and other documents were preserved by his descendants. Many years later, a reporter for the Washington Daily Times of Daviess County, Indiana, wrote an article about them for the newspaper.3 The documents give us lots of information about Joseph’s early life in Indiana. For convenience sake, we can simply call them the “Joseph Arvin papers.” More about these papers later.
     Henry Arvin, again acting as the family’s chief strategist, orchestrated a migration to Indiana in the early 1840s. After the clan decided exactly where they wanted to locate, he plotted out their moves. Documents from Washington County, Kentucky, show that Henry and his brother Thomas P. Arvin settled their debts with James H. Cunningham, their merchant in Springfield, in 1841. Henry and Theresa then sold their land, their livestock and most of their household goods. What they had left was packed onto a wagon or two, and, when everything was ready, they made their way to Indiana by wagon train. Elias and his family may have moved somewhat later.
     Not everyone left Kentucky, however. Cousin John Arvin and his family continued to farm in Washington County and to attend the St. Rose Church. John and his wife Theresa both died in Washington County and were buried in the church cemetery in the 1870s.
     Although we have no details, we know that Edward Arvin, Jr. (whose life always seemed to be more difficult) died in 1840. He left his wife Nancy Ann and their children, two of them mentally handicapped, in poverty. Either Edward moved his family to Elizabethtown, in Hardin County, just prior to his death, or Nancy moved there after he died.
     Thomas P. Arvin also may never have made it to Indiana. Apparently, he also died around this time. We have no record of his activities and no knowledge of exactly what happened to him, although family tradition holds that his daughter Nancy married a man named Fields, and they had several children. The children were orphaned, and they were later taken in by Henry and Elias.4

Land, Land, Land

     Despite all the tragedy and turmoil, Henry and his family did relocate according to plan. Henry financed the purchase of tracts of land in Indiana by three of his sons, using some of the proceeds from the sale of his own land and property in Kentucky. Second son Thomas H., third son Joseph E. and fourth son Joshua O. each “made entry” on forty acres of high quality farmland at the land office in Vincennes, Indiana, in July of 1844. The tracts they purchased, directly from the United States government, are indicated on this plat map of Daviess County, Indiana. (Keep in mind that the atlas was not published until 1888. Some ownership had changed by then.) The purchase price for their land was probably $1.25 per acre.
Thomas      Joseph     Joshua

     These three tracts gave the family enough land to survive on during their first year in Indiana, and eventually each son would be able to support his own family independently later on. Now, with a total of 150 acres, the Arvin family owned more land than they had owned in Washington County, and it offered far more potential. These young men—Thomas, Joseph and Joshua—were the first individuals of European descent to own this property. The legal description of the land which Joseph Arvin purchased is SW-NE 22-2-5. That is, “the southwest quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 22, Township 2 [North], Range 5 [West].”  

     One of the “Joseph Arvin papers,” although undated and unsigned, helps paint a picture of those early days in Indiana:

Text Box:        Dear Unkles 
        Jos E Arvin has entered 40 acres of land and Thomas H Arvin
        has entered 40 acres of land and our land is about 4 to 5 miles
        from Mount Pleasant laze southwest.  
        Jos E Arvin laze about 1 miles from Thomas land West 
        Joshua O Arvin laze one mile from Jos land laze north 
        and we all like our land well for we think our land is first rate land
        and Thos land laze beautiful and level and well timbered no running 
        spring but stock water and my farm and Joshua O Arvin land
        laze beautiful and level and a perrary one part of it well timbered
        no spring on it but stock water a plenty and natures.

        Joseph Padison and Thomas Sumar, and James Horn they gaining their
        land, and Cathlic settlement and 1 church four miles one more in 7 miles
        and our land all laze in davis county 
        and I like first rate all but one thing and that is because I cant see 
        enough money passing
        people all appear to be frenly and you did want to know what became
        of Emla Mitchel she is living at figings and I have seen her and she told
        me she likes her home first rate….
        Henry Arvin says he likes it very well and has a good crop of 
        corn 22 acres and tricy likes the land better in indiana than  
        Kentucky but she likes the people better in Ky than in Ind 
        and I have as good cotton as I ever raise in Ky and I have a better
        garden than I ever had and Mary and Roze say they like it very well
        ….and George say he druther live in Ky and James Arvin say so too.



Love Letter
     As we saw, Joseph Arvin may have spent some time working in Hardin County as a farm laborer, particularly in 1842, and become acquainted with Rose Ann. Things began to get serious between them, a courtship began, and by the time the Arvin family moved to Indiana, he couldn’t wait to tell her what he had done. Perhaps they were already engaged.


Text Box:      Dear Miss:

         -I take my pen in my hand to wright you the 
      fact so help me god to let you know where i is
      in the state of Indiana and have bought land 
      and have paid for it…
      I am in hopes that we may maray with happiness…
      for I do depend on you.












     Rose Ann was a Hayden, a member of a renowned English family with a line stretching back to Norman times. The Haydens had lived on a large estate twenty miles north of London in Watford, Hertfordshire.7 Rose Ann’s great uncle, Basil Hayden, was one of the leaders of the “Maryland League,” which first colonized Kentucky beginning in 1785. He had secured a 5,000-acre tract of land there, and he allowed Catholic settlers to purchase and subdivide it as they immigrated. He donated the land for Holy Cross Church, built near Loretto, Kentucky, in 1792.8 Rose Ann’s father, William Hayden—the seventh male descendant to bear that name—was born in Kentucky on 16 April 1791. Over in Washington County, Rose Ann’s cousin once removed, Basil Hayden Jr., died in July of 1833, during the cholera epidemic there. Rose Ann’s mother, Nancy Ann (nee Hardin), was born 15 July 1799, also in Kentucky.9 Nancy Hardin was herself a member of the famous family for which Hardin County was named.
     William and Nancy married in 1818 and settled into a life of farming in rural Hardin County somewhere along the Rhude’s Creek basin, downstream from Rineyville. They were among the first Catholics to settle there. (Rhude’s Creek is now silted in at this point.) They were parishoners of Saint John the Baptist Catholic Church. “The church of St. John, on Rude’s Creek, a small structure of logs, was built by Fr. Nerinckx somewhere about the year 1812. The first Catholic residents are said to have been: Charles Cissel, William Hayden, Barton Roby, William Norris, Samuel Durbin, Silvester and John P. Riney, Henry Alvey and Elias Drury.”10 St. John the Baptist Catholic Church is today a parish in the Diocese of Louisville. The current structure, the third on this site, was built in 1899. The brick veneer was laid in 1967.11

     The Haydens had a large family: Susan (born 5 April 1820), Robert (9 May 1821), Elizabeth (12 February 1823, this may be her tombstone), Rose Ann (21 February 1825) and Benjamin (30 November 1827). Years later, Joseph made some notes on his wife’s family (with other business on the back), and placed it in the Arvin family bible.

     The Hayden family appears in the 1830 census of Hardin County:


     William and Nancy Ann had three more children:  Wilfred (born 25 February 1830), Mary (born 17 April 1832) and William (11 February 1834). Nancy Ann Hayden died on 26 July 1834, just after her 34th birthday. Nancy is buried in the St. John the Baptist Church cemetery. William, 44, was left a widower with eight children. Rose Ann was only eight years old at the time she lost her mother.
     Somehow, William carried on, and five years later, he married Helen (nee Montgomery) on Christmas Day of 1839. Here is how the family appears on the 1840 census of Hardin County:


     William Hayden died in December of 1878 and is also buried in the St. John Cemetery. (This may be the family plot. Note the two recently replaced stones for two Haydens who were Confederate soldiers.)

A Frontier Wedding     

     Joseph and Rose Ann Hayden married on Thursday, 6 November 1844. The wedding took place in Hardin County, Kentucky, and was most likely held at St. John the Baptist Catholic Church on Rhude’s Creek, about three miles west of Elizabethtown. (Elizabethtown had no Catholic church at this time.) The father of the bride gave his consent on the back of the marriage license. Joseph’s younger brother, Joshua O. Arvin, along with Rose Ann’s younger brother, Benjamin Hayden, had signed the marriage bond the previous day. Joshua and Joseph, perhaps accompanied by a large contingent of the Arvin clan, rode back to Hardin County from Daviess County, Indiana, for the ceremony, and may have stayed for several days after the wedding. Joseph’s aunt, Nancy Ann Arvin, widow of his uncle Edward Arvin, lived in Elizabethtown at this time, and also may have attended, along with her children.
     The ceremony was officiated by “...the venerable Father Charles I. Coomes, who died in 1878, after forty years of zealous labor on the most difficult missions of Kentucky.”12 The highly respected Fr. Coomes, who signed the license as an RCP (Roman Catholic Priest), was the grandson of a legendary pioneer from Maryland, William Coomes, who was the leader of the first Catholic movement to Kentucky. Father Charles I. Coomes was pastor of Saint Clare Catholic Church in Colesburg, Kentucky, but his duties were not limited to St. Clare parish. Missionary priests on the frontier were always traveling, serving the needs of the faithful over large geographic territories. “In 1834, Father Coomes was transferred from St. Joseph’s college [Bardstown] to missionary work, in the county of Daviess [Kentucky], and from that time till he was incapable longer of attending to the exacting calls of priestly duty on a missionary circuit that extended over hundreds of square miles of territory – a period of just forty years – he served the scattered congregations of Hardin, Daviess, Breckenridge, Meade, Grayson, Edmonson and other contiguous counties, and he did this with a promptness and earnestness that won for him the esteem of the people committed to his charge.”13
     And, of course, after the wedding came the celebration.


     When courtship resulted in marriage, the whole community prepared to celebrate, for frontier
     weddings were generally accompanied by as much ritual, pomp, and ceremony as a royal nuptial.
     The bridegroom’s friends gathered at his father’s house, and from there they proceeded to the
     home of the bride. The party timed itself to arrive at the scene of the wedding shortly before noon,
     for the wedding was allowed to interfere in no way with the customary infare following the ceremony.
          The wedding party constituted in reality a frontier dress parade. Guests were clothed in garments
     ranging from the typical deer skin and linsey Woolsey, worn by hunters as everyday clothing, to that
     of frayed and faded silks, of another day and another land, worn by some of the ladies. Most of the
     women, however, dressed in homespuns, and, in some cases, coarse linsey Woolsey “Sunday” dresses,

     trimmed with ruffles taken from former-day finery. A miscellaneous collection of buttons and buckles
     “from over the mountains” served as ornaments.
          After the wedding ceremony, the bridal party went from the home of the bride to that of the groom,
     where the infare was served. A cavalcade set forth, the young males of which performed numerous
     antics to the amusement of their lady escorts. Often a young gallant would purposely frighten the
     horse of his partner to hear her scream and to give him an opportunity to rush to her rescue. Occasionally,

     the wedding party was the victim of practical jokers who preceded it and threw obstacles in the way
     by cutting down trees or tying grapevines across the path. When the merrymakers neared their destination,
     two of the more daring boys were singled out to “run for the bottle.” This feat (which was really a horse
     race in the woods) required expert horsemanship, for the run was through the forest, over fallen trees
     and under hanging branches.
          At the bridegroom’s home, the infare consisted of nearly every kind of food known on the frontier.
     There were venison, beef, pork, and fowl. Vegetables, such as cabbage and potatoes, were present in
     abundance. There were biscuit and hoecakes, treacle (molasses), honey, sweetened corn meal mush, and
     milk. The “bottle” was passed freely, for the feast was a merry affair. Individuals traded witticisms;
     toasts were drunk to the newlyweds; jokes were told at the expense of the bridegroom; and, inevitably,
     prophecies of large families were made—prophecies which were soon fulfilled.
          When the wedding banqueters had finished their revels at the festal board, the musicians, led always
     by the fiddler, struck up a merry tune for the dance, which lasted for hours. A unique dance was
for the frontier in the well-known “square dance,” and the Virginia reel was a favorite in some
     communities. Fiddlers confined their selections to favorite frontier “breakdown” tunes such as Billy in the
     Low Ground, Fisher’s Horn Pipe,
and Barbara Allen, tunes which still enliven dance parties of many
     Kentucky communities. In the midst of the evening’s gaiety (about nine o’clock), a deputation of young
     ladies stole the bride away and put her to bed in the bridal chamber. This room was most often a loft, which was reached by climbing a peg ladder to the hatch in the ceiling of the “big” room. When the ladies had finished their task, a group of young men stole the bridegroom away and saw that he was placed snugly beside his bride. Then the party continued until later in the evening, when the merrymakers returned to the kitchen for sustenance. In this lull the bride and groom were not forgotten. A party climbed aloft with food and “Black Betty,” the bottle, to minister to the hunger and thirst of the newlyweds....14

     The date of the wedding may have been purposely planned to allow everyone to extend their stay in the Rineyville area in order to celebrate Joseph’s birthday; he turned 29 on the following Sunday, November 9. Eventually, the newly married couple, perhaps on horses caparisoned for the occasion, returned to Daviess County, Indiana, escorted by the Arvin contingent. They probably made their way back to Bardstown, then went north on the Bardstown road to Louisville, across the mighty Ohio River by ferry, and north again along the Indiana state road from Albany to their destination: Joseph’s forty acres of “first rate” land. Rose Ann and Joseph then began their new lives as husband and wife, together.

A New Homeland

     By 1845 just about everyone intending to relocate to Daviess County, Indiana, had made their move. The Arvin clan had many old friends and neighbors from Kentucky now close to them in their new homeland. It seemed like everyone was “entering” land there, land sold directly to the buyer by the United States government, which was using the proceeds as a major source of its funding. The buyer got land with a guaranteed title and boundaries that were clearly established along grid lines running straight and true. The land was of excellent quality, flat and well watered, ideal for farming. This was an exciting time. They would be comfortably close to a prospering young town called Mount Pleasant, which lay just across the Daviess County line in eastern Martin County. (Loogootee had not been established yet.) “The site, down river from Shoals, at Mount Pleasant, was 130 feet above the river and not only attractive, but healthy….Many of the settlers came from Kentucky.”15
     “Mount Pleasant had grown steadily since it was platted in 1817. A post office was established here in 1824….In 1833, it had a population of 150, thirty houses, a jail, a spacious brick courthouse, four mercantile establishments, a tavern, a post office, two ministers of the gospel, two physicians, a common school with a good teacher, several craftsmen, and a mill operated by horse power. It should be borne in mind that this is probably more impressive on paper than it actually was. It became the county seat in 1828, but by 1844 it was described as ‘too far away from the center of population,’ that there was ‘agitation for relocation of the public buildings’ by 1844, and it lost its status as county seat.”16 Mt. Pleasant simply didn’t keep up with the explosive growth of the region. Daviess County had 6700 residents in 1840; by 1850 there would be 10,300 and by 1860 over 13,000. Martin County was growing at the same fast pace. This was a good time and a good place to make a new start, and it felt good to be able to finally spread out and grow. And grow they did.

Catholics in The Area

“The history of the Catholic Church in Martin County dates back to the year 1819 when the first Catholics – the O’Briens and Raneys – settled near Mount Pleasant. It is definitely known that in 1837 the visits of the priest were made monthly....In 1848, Father Patrick Murphy, residing at St. Mary’s Barr Township, Daviess County, erected a church at Mount Pleasant. A ‘land craze’ had led to the establishment of St. Rose. The people came from far and near to avail themselves of farmlands that were being sold at unusually low prices.”17
     Another little hamlet with a Catholic population was Whitfield, Indiana, situated about two miles south of Mt. Pleasant, also on the eastern side of the Martin County-Daviess County line. “The first land entered near the site of Whitfield was 320 acres by John Hosmet and Dr. Ezekial Porter on December 16, 1817. These were joined by Whitfield Force in 1820, who started an early horse-powered carding [fiber aligning] machine.”18

     Catholics in this area were cared for in the manner of a “station,” that is, the pastor of the controlling parish would celebrate the Mass in various homes of the faithful when he visited the area. In this case, the controlling parish was St. Mary’s in Barr Township (Daviess County), located about seven miles to the north. The need for a church building would not be met until the year 1875.19 “St. Martin of Tours Catholic Church was founded November 14, 1875, when the first mass was offered in the new church by Father Guegen of Loogootee, who had drawn the plans and supervised construction. The stone walls of the now defunct St. Rose Church at Mount Pleasant served as the foundation and basement of this new church.”20 Today, only a few stones of Saint Rose still remain at Mount Pleasant.

Mr. and Mrs. Arvin

     There was much that had to be done to make the new homestead liveable. Of course, the newlyweds could count on considerable help from relatives and neighbors alike. Joseph put the finishing touches on their log house, and RoseAnn made the interior livable. That winter, all those prophecies of a large family started to come true, and she found herself with child!
     We get some insight into many of the more practical aspects of a newly married couple’s life by looking back to Kentucky, with the help of Thomas Clark’s History of Kentucky. Life in the new State of Indiana was very similar.  

     The young couple proceeded to the business of making a home, if neither of the couple had been married
     before. Land was selected by the husband, often a part of his father’s estate, and a site was cleared of trees
     and underbrush for the house which the neighbors assisted in building. Building a house of the ordinary log
     or rude frame type was a matter of only a few days’ work ; many times a log house was built in two days.
     When the house was finished the young bride moved in, bringing with her, if she came from a thrifty family,
     a hope chest, containing some homespun clothing. She brought also a flax wheel, a cow and a calf, and
     sometimes a brood mare. The young man supplied the land, the house, horses, hogs, chickens, and cows.
     Life was simple, expenses were few, and the young couple could, and seldom failed to, rear a large family.
     To the pioneer a large family was the symbol of domestic virtue; also, a family of several members could
     “roll logs,” grow large crops, and better provide for themselves....
          No historian can estimate the amount of satisfaction and amusement afforded by the fiddle and the
     dulcimer in the pioneer settlements. Among Scotch, Irish, English, and, to some extent, German immigrants,
     this form of entertainment was most popular. These backwoodsmen amused themselves for long hours with
     dances and music of their own creation (based upon English and Scotch folk tunes). Lovers of folk music
     are deeply indebted to the frontiersmen of Kentucky for creating and preserving American folk tunes and
          Not only did faithful Kentucky women spin, weave, and manufacture the family’s clothing, but they also
     provided numerous other household necessities. Soap, candles, sugar, and beeswax were products of their
     labors. Soap making was a major household industry, for the family saved bacon and meat scraps until a
     sufficient amount was collected to thicken a quantity of lye made from hardwood ashes. This household
     activity has long since disappeared, and the ash hopper is no longer a common structure on the farm
     premises. The hopper was a triangular-shaped box built of boards, the apex of which was stuck into a half
     section of a hollow log which served as a drain. Ashes were placed in this improvised container to be
     bleached free of their acid properties by water poured over them from the top. Lye and soap grease were
     cooked together until thick, and, after cooling, the mass was cut into handy bars, or with less cooking the
     soap was used in the form of a jelly....
          The principal means of sweetening was sorghum, known to the pioneer as “long sweetening.” Honey or
     treacle furnished much of the sweetening used by early families, and beeswax, a by-product, was useful in a
     dozen different ways, especially in waxing threads to be used by the cobbler’s trade.21

A Time for Weddings

     Rev. John Guiguen began his assignment as pastor of St. Mary’s, Barr Township (Daviess County, Indiana) in 1844. His marriage register has survived, although any baptismal records he may have kept are now gone. From this marriage register, we know that Joseph’s younger brother, Joshua O. Arvin—following the lead of his older brother—married Caroline (nee Williams) on 10 January 1845. The wedding took place back in Washington County, Kentucky, and was undoubtedly held at the original Saint Rose Church located just outside Springfield. It is quite likely that a large Arvin entourage also escorted this groom-to-be back to Washington County, returning to their old home territory to visit with friends and celebrate the wedding.
     The following year, three more Arvin weddings took place; these were held in Indiana with Fr. Guiguen officiating. Joseph’s older brother Thomas H. Arvin married Margaret (nee Patterson) on 15 April 1846. This ceremony was recorded on the Saint Mary’s register, but it could have actually taken place at the new Saint Rose in Mount Pleasant. Margaret was born on 8 March 1830, making her seventeen years younger than Thomas. Later that same year, 19 August 1846, Joseph’s younger sister Rosa L. Arvin and Martin Patterson married. And, on 29 September 1846, younger brother Augustine Arvin and Rebecca (nee Summers) married.
     Fr. Guiguen was reassigned in 1848, and the Reverend Patrick Joseph R. Murphy came to St. Mary’s Barr Township. Fr. Murphy was himself reassigned in 1858, but he always had a special place in his heart for this parish. He was buried in the Saint Mary’s cemetery in 1869. Fr. Murphy notes in his registry:


           1848      In February I was moved from Indianapolis where I had resided
                         nearly nine months and on the 30th day of March the Right Rev.
                         John Stephen Bazin, Bishop of Vincennes, Indiana, appointed me
                         pastor of the united congregations of St. Mary’s and Mount
                         Pleasant and the stations attached to these congregations. On
                         the 1st of April I arrived at St. Mary’s.      Patrick Joseph R. Murphy




     From this marriage registry, we know that George Washington Arvin (“Long George,” son of Henry and Theresa) and Miami Ann “Jemima” (nee Arvin) began living together on 6 January 1848 in Hardin County, Kentucky. They are believed to be first cousins. We don’t know with certainty who Jemima’s parents are. However, she was most likely the daughter of Nancy and Edward Arvin Jr. They had two young girls who were about Jemima’s age (born between 1825 and 1830, as shown on the Charles County census of 1830.) They moved to Washington County, Kentucky, about 1836 and lived with the Arvin clan there. Nancy moved with her children to Elizabethtown, in Hardin County, Kentucky, about 1840, around the time her husband died. Two of her children, George H. and Mary Ellen, were mentally disabled and receiving state aid. (See the Henry Arvin - Part 2 sketch.) There is no trace of Miami prior to her mention in Fr. Murphy’s registry, but we know that she and George W. moved to Daviess County, Indiana by 1850, because Fr. Murphy tells us that, on 27 October, 1850, “I married George W. Arvin et Miami Arvin after dispensing with the impedimenta of mixed marriage [one party baptized and the other not] and of the consanguinty in the second degree linea collaterali equali [blood relationship, first cousins, having equal and collateral lines, e.g. same grandparents. Those grandparents would be Sallie and Edward Arvin Sr.]; these parties lived in legal concubinage. Remarried at St. Mary’s Church. This couple is legally married.” Mental disability would carry down to some of their children, also.
     Saint Rose at Mount Pleasant was the likely venue for the marriage of Joseph’s twin sister, Mary Ellen Arvin and George Washington Arvin (“Short George,” son of Elias and Catherine) on 19 February 1849. They also were first cousins.
     James P. Arvin (his middle name, “Polding,” was recorded by the meticulous Fr. Murphy) and Mary (nee Miles) married on 3 February 1850 in Daviess County, Indiana.  
     Oldest brother William H. Arvin, whose first wife, Theresa, had died, leaving him a widower with three children, married Martha Ann (nee Ward); Fr. Murphy made a record of the ceremony on 11 September 1853. It was held either at Saint Rose in Mount Pleasant or Saint Mary’s Barr Township.
     Thomas Elias Arvin, son of Catherine and Elias, and Mary Elizabeth (nee Arvin) married on 27 November 1855. They were second cousins.


     Rose Ann and Joseph Arvin were blessed with their first child, William Henry Arvin, on 17 September 1845. William was probably baptized at Saint Rose Church in Mount Pleasant, but we have no baptismal records from the years when Fr. Guiguen was pastor.

     Fr. Murphy always had more than enough to keep him busy at St. Mary’s Barr Township, beginning the very first month he was pastor. On Palm Sunday, 16 April 1848, he performed no less than six baptisms. Three of them were children of the Arvin brothers who had originally established their claims for land in Daviess County: Elizabeth Ann (born 3 February 1848), daughter of Joseph E. and Rose Ann Arvin;  Mary Elizabeth, daughter of  Thomas H. and Margaret Arvin; and Thomas Francis, son of Joshua O. and Rebecca Arvin.
     Baptisms would continue to provide plenty of job security for Fr. Murphy:

     Thomas Henry, son of Augustine and Rebecca (Somers) Arvin, baptized on Sunday, 9/24/48
     James Edward, son of George W. and Miami Arvin, baptized by Fr. Murphy on Sunday, 4/8/49
     Robert, son of Augustine and Rebecca Arvin baptized on 6/20/49 (Mary Arvin sponsor)
     James, son of Joshua and Caroline Arvin, baptized Wednesday 2/20/50 (Rosanna Arvin sponsor)

A One Room Log House

No doubt, Joseph and RoseAnn’s home was built in the typical fashion of the frontier at the time. It was laid out simply, eighteen feet square, made with hewn logs and chinked in with clay. A fireplace dominated one wall; doors and windows were few.23 This cabin would have been quite similar to this replica at the Lincoln Boyhood Home National Park (, located in Southern Indiana.
     Being an enterprising person, Joseph may have decided to begin operating a country store on his property at this time. (We know he did later on.) Also among the Joseph Arvin papers, there is what might be a called a receipt, which dates to 1849. A certain W. Arvin, probably his older brother William, “bought potatoes for 25c; 1 bu apples for [blank]; one axe and helv for $1.60; 1 bu of razor straps for 50c; 1 comb for 5c; 1 set of knives and forks for 1.00; 1 set of cups and saucers for 37½c; 1 qt of whiskey for 10c; and ½ bu turnips.”
     Although no records of any payments he made to Daviess County survive, we know that a store was required to obtain a license and pay fees to the county. For instance, in Martin County, “One source of income was fees from store and liquor licenses. A store license was sometimes issued for $5.00, but more often for $10.00 annually.”24

1850 Seventh United States Census

     We find the Arvins living in close proximity to each other. Most are in Reeve Township of Daviess County.


  [*]         [**]                    Age Sex Color       Profession Occupation or Trade            Value of               Place of          Persons over 20   
                                                                                                    of each Male Person over 15             Real Estate                Birth             years of age
                                                                                                              years of age                                owned                                    cannot read & write

1515       Thomas Arvin       37    M                            Farmer                          200                Md                 1
               Margaret      "        21    F                                                                                          In                  1
               Mary            "         3     "            [baptized 4/16/48 by Fr. Murphy]                          "
              Theresa        "         2     "             [baptized 3/1/49 by Fr. Murphy]                           "

              Mary Fields           11    "                                                                                           "  

1516       Henry Arvin          63   M                             Farmer                          200                 Md                 1
               Theresa      "          62    F                                                                                            "                   1
               William      "          39   M                                 "                                                        "
               Laura         "          15    F                                                                                           Ky

Image      Mary          "          12    F                                                                                           Ky
               Richard H  "           8    M                                                                                            "
               Thomas Fields       12    "                                                                                             "

1517       Joseph Arvin         35     "                                  "                               300                  Md
               Rose            "         27    F                                                                                           Ky
               William        "         6     M                                                                                           In
               Elizabeth      "         3     F              [baptized 4/16/48, Fr. Murphy]                             "

1518       Joshua  O     "        29    M                            Farmer                          300                   Ky
               Caroline       "         29    F                                                                                           Ky
               John             "         5     M                                                                                           In
               Francis         "         3     "               [baptized 4/16/48, Fr. Murphy]                              "
               James           "         1    "                [baptized 2/20/50, Fr. Murphy]                              "

1519       George         "        25    "                             Farmer                           150                   Ky
               Jemima        "         26    F                                                                                           Md
               James          "          2    M               [baptized 4/8/49, Fr. Murphy]                              In

1520       James          "         22    "                            Farmer                            100                   Ky               1
               Mary           "         20    "                                                                                             In


*    “Families numbered in the order of visitation.”

**  The Name of every Person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1850, was in this family.”

     “Augustus” Arvin (Augustine, son of Henry, nephew of Elias) and his family live nearby, in Rutherford Township of Martin County.


8      8    Augustus Arvin    26     M                            Farmer                              150                Ky                  1
              Rebecca      "        22     F                                                                                             Ind                  1    
              Thomas H.  "         2     M              [baptized 7/18/51, Fr. Murphy]                               "  
              William R.  "       1/12    M                                                                                              "   


Additional Land Transactions

1850:  In June, the Trustees of the Wabash and Erie Canal deed thirty-four year old Joseph E. Arvin a 40-acre tract (NE-SE 15-2-5).  He filed the deed with the county in February 1852.27 He now owns a total of eighty acres.  

1853: In March, Joseph’s youngest brother, James P. Arvin, obtains a Warranty Deed from one John H. Kennedy for 40 acres (W½ of SWq 22-3-5) of land, for $200.00 in consideration.28 In June of that year, he sells this land to their oldest brother, William H. Arvin, for $1.00, and grants him a Warranty Deed to the land.29 This was perhaps an early wedding present; William and his second wife, Martha Ann (nee Ward), married in September of 1853.
The property is located about six miles to the north, in Barr Township, about 1½ miles east of Clark’s Station (which is now called Cannelburg).
     This was an ideal location, great for farming, but more so for potential increase in property value. The up and coming town of Loogootee was founded about the same time, just three miles to the east. Loogootee began an era of rapid expansion when the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad built a rail line through the area in 1857. Thomas Gootee, founder of the town, had wisely donated land for the rail line to run through his property. This same rail line also bisected William’s acreage. “Loogootee was platted by Thomas Gootee April 4, 1853. Its growth was so rapid that a post office was established in July 1857….In 1866 a petition was signed to incorporate the village as a town….in 1903 was incorporated as the county’s first and only city.”30 (No record of William’s sale of this land could be found.)

1854: In November, Elias Arvin and wife sign a Warranty Deed, granting to their sons John Leonard Arvin and Thomas Elias Arvin, two 40-acre tracts: NE-SE 26-2-5 and SW-SE 26-2-5. Consideration: “Support.”31 Apparently, Thomas later deeded this land to his brother John, because the 1888 plat map shows John as sole owner of both tracts.

1858: The Trustees of the Wabash and Erie Canal issue Joshua O. Arvin and George W. Arvin two patents of 40 acres each. Thus, they each receive 80 acres in Township 2, Range 5.32

1858: In November, Henry Arvin records his two patents, each for 40 acres, with the county. This was his first and only Indiana land (SE-SW 23-2-5, dated 1 March 1852, and SW-SE 23-2-5, dated 1 June 1849).   

1860: In October, Joseph’s older brother, William H. Arvin and his wife, for $425.00 in consideration, deed 40 acres (S½ of W½ of SWq 26-2-5) to “Short” George W. Arvin and his wife Mary Ellen.33 Because of the loss of some deed records in Daviess County, it is not known how or when William and Martha acquired this land. According to Lucile Arvin,34 William also sold 40 acres of land in Daviess County (SE-SE 23-2-5) at this time. This is the farm Lucile and Rosemary Arvin later inherited from their father. William and Martha Arvin then moved to Pike County, Indiana, where she had family.   

1860: George W. Arvin, for $450.00 in consideration, deeds 40 acres (NW-SE 26-2-5) to John L. Arvin.35 John Leonard Arvin now owns a contiguous 120 acres of land.

More Job Security

     Martin Edward, second son of Joseph and Rose Ann, was born 1 July 1850. Baptized by Fr. Murphy 8/25/50.
     Teresa, daughter of George Washington and Miami Arvin, baptized 10/27/50 by Fr. Murphy
     Mary Ellen, daughter of Thomas and Margaret Arvin, baptized 1/12/51 by Fr. Murphy
     Teresa Elizabeth, daughter of James (Polding) and Mary Arvin, baptized 1/26/51 by Fr. Murphy
     James Augustine, son of Joshua O. and Rebecca (Williams) Arvin on 3/28/52 (Mary Patterson sponsor)
     Rose Jane, daughter of Thomas and Margaret Arvin, baptized on 5/2/52 (Louisa Fields sponsor)
     Pius Augustine, son of Augustine and Rebecca (Somers) Arvin, born April 10, baptized on 5/23/52
     Mary Jane, daughter of Joseph and RoseAnn was born 25 March 1852, baptized by Fr. Murphy 5/2/52.
     Pius Augustine, born April 10, son of Augustine Arvin, baptized 5/23/1852 by Fr. Murphy.
     Thomas Henry, son of George W. and Miami Arvin, baptized sine solumitate (without ceremony) 7/18/52        

Fr. Murphy’s baptismal records end in October 1852. The births, however, continued:   

     Rose Ann, daughter of Joseph and Rose Ann Arvin, was born 13 July 1854.

     Joseph’s younger sister, Rosa L. (Arvin) Patterson died on December 12, 1856. She was only 38 years old. She was survived by her husband Martin Patterson and their three daughters. The children were remembered in the will of their grandfather, Henry Arvin.

    Benjamin Francis, son of Joseph and Rose Ann, was born on 7 July 1857. According to this chart prepared by Lucile Arvin, his baptism, on 25 April 1858, must have been one of the earliest in the records of the new St. John’s Parish, in the newly organized town of Loogootee. The church’s website ( tells us “St. John’s, Loogootee, became the largest Parish in the county after a very humble beginning in a small room above the Campbell - Breen Store. Mass was offered there in 1857 by a visiting priest from St Mary’s, Barr Township, Daviess County, and later in a frame building belonging to a Mr. Gootee. In 1858, Father John Mougin who resided at St. Mary’s, undertook the building of a church in Loogootee. The work was completed in 1860 and Father Mougin took charge of St. Mary’s as a Mission.”

    Joseph Thomas, son of Joseph Edward and Rose Ann Arvin, was born in June of 1860.

– Eighth United States Census

Joseph E. “Harven” is shown living in Reeve Township of Daviess County, Indiana. Post Office is Alfordsville.  Even at this late date, the family surname is spelled with an initial letter “H” by the census taker.  



[*]   Name                Age Sex Color         Profession                 Value of            Value of        Place of        Attended        Persons over 20
                                                                                   Occupation               Real Estate        Personal          Birth          School w/i     yrs of age cannot  
                                                                                          or Trade                     Estate                                                         the Year         read  and write

653  Joseph E Harven     46    M                farmer               2500            500     Maryland                                                    
         Rosan           "        36     F            Keeping house                                      Kentucky                            1
         William H     "       15    M             Farm laborer                                             Ind            1                             
         Elizabethan   "       12     F                                                                              Ind            1
         Edward M             10    M                                                                              Ind            1
         Mary Jane               8      F                                                                              Ind
         Rosan                     6      F                                                                               Ind
         Benjamin                3      M                                                                              Ind
         Joseph                   1/12    M                                                                              Ind
         Elenor Summers    15     F                                                                               Ind
         James Summers     10    M                                                                               Ind

     It is unclear why Eleanor and James Summers are living with Joseph and Rose Ann. Rudolphus Summers, age 39, lived nearby. He is the brother-in-law of Augustine Arvin. Also living in that household is: Ann Summers, his wife, age 25, Mary E. Haulk, 20, and Robert Summers, age 2.
    Also in the Census of 1860, living in Reeve Township of Daviess County, P.O. Alfordsville:


[*]     Name            Age Sex Color      Profession           Value Real            Personal         Place of      Attended       Persons over 20
                                                                       Occupation          Real Estate              Estate             Birth        School w/i     
yrs of age cannot
                                                                         or Trade                                                                                             the Year         
read  and write

704   Joshua Arven   40   M           farmer             2000                 400             Ky
           Caroline    "    35   F                                                                                Ky
           John          "    13  M                                                                               Ind
           Caroline    "    10   F                                                                               Ind
           Mary         "     8    F                                                                               Ind
           Susan        "     5    F                                                                               Ind


819   John Arven      23   M              farmer               800                  150          Ky                                    1
          Rachel      "     25   F                                                                                 Ind                                   1
          William     "     2    M                                                                                Ind
          Emily        "     1    F                                                                                 Ind

824  Thomas Arven  47  M                farmer              1500                 200          Ky
          Margaret an  " 30   F                                                                                 Ind
          Mary C         " 12   F                                                                                 Ind                1
          Trican           " 11   F                                                                                 Ind                1
          Mary Ellen    "10   F                                                                                  Ind               1
          Rosey Jane    " 8    F                                                                                  Ind               1
          Joseph P        " 6   M                                                                                  Ind               1
          Henary          " 4   M                                                                                  Ind
          John A          " 2   M                                                                                  Ind   
825 George, A, Arven 35  M  [“Long”] farmer              1500           300           Ky         
          Mime          "      37  F                                                                             Indiana
          James E      "      12  M                                                                               Ind                1
          Nancy An    "     10   F                                                                               Ind                1
          Thomas       "      8   M                                                                                Ind                1
          Mary Jane   "      6    F                                                                                Ind
          Rosila          "     2    F                                                                                 Ind  
          Henary        "     1   M                                                                                 Ind
  James P Arven  31  M              farmer                 800                 200           Ky
          Mary        "       28   F                                                                               Indiana
          Treasa C  "       10   F                                                                                  Ind
          Thomas H         8  M                                                                                  Ind  
          Sara Jane           6   F                                                                                  Ind


827  George W Arven 42 M [“Short”]  farmer                                                    Ky        
         Mary Ellen   "     45  F                                                                                 Ky        [Maryland]
         Rosa Jane     "      8  F                                                                              Indiana
         Theresa C     "     6  F                                                                               Indiana 
         Henary         "      1 M                                                                                 Ind
828   828 Vacant House
829   Eliza Arven         71 M              W farming            400                 200    Maryland
         Catharan Arven   65 F               W farming            800                 400    Maryland
830   Theresa  Arvein   73 F               W farming            400                 200    Maryland
         Loryan        "       26 F                                                                              Maryland   [Kentucky]
         Richard       "       18 M                  farmer                                                Maryland   [Kentucky]
831   Hugh Parkes        50 M                  farmer              800                 200      Ireland
         Bridget     "          45 F                                                                              Ireland
         Maryan    "            3 F                                                                               Indiana
         Susan       "            1 F                                                                               Indiana

         Concluded                                Concluded                                            Concluded

* House number in order of visitation.    

     Joseph’s father, Henry Arvin, the great architect of the clan’s migration to Indiana, died on 18 June 1860. He is buried at the old Saint Rose Church cemetery at Mount Pleasant, in a family plot. Joseph’s mother, Theresa, moved in with her grandchildren, Loryan and Richard. Their father, William is not listed in this census. He and his second wife, Martha, and their four year old son, also named William, were in the process of moving to Pike County, Indiana, at this time. The elder William Arvin, born back on Arvin’s Enlargement in Maryland in 1811, died in Petersburg (Pike County), Indiana, in 1883. 
     Augustine Arvin and his family are not listed in the census. The reason for this is not known; it is quite likely that he and his family were still living in Rutherford Township of Martin County at this time.


     Historical Note:
Abraham Lincoln is elected president on 6 November 1860. Hardly more than a month following Lincoln’s victory came declarations of secession by South Carolina and other states, which were rejected as illegal by the then-current President, James Buchanan and President-elect Abraham Lincoln. In response to the Republican victory in that election, seven states, led by South Carolina, declared their secession from the Union before Lincoln took office on March 4, 1861. Both the outgoing administration of President James Buchanan and Lincoln’s incoming administration rejected the legality of secession, considering it rebellion. Several other slave states rejected calls for secession at this point.
       Hostilities began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked a U.S. military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. Lincoln responded by calling for a volunteer army from each state to recapture federal property.   

    Benjamin Francis Arvin, son of Joseph and Rose Ann, died on 1 August 1861. He was only 4 years and 13 days old. He is buried in the family plot at Mt. Pleasant.

A Painted House

1862: On December 5, forty-six year old Joseph Edward Arvin makes an aggressive land purchase, the biggest of his life. He buys three contiguous tracts, a total of 190 acres, situated in Section 16 of Reeve Township, along its northern border with Barr Township, in Daviess County. This land is designated as “School Land” on the 1888 plat. This was evidently part of the endowment of School No. 9; that school was centered on the approximately 640-acre site. The land was meant to be sold as needed to support the operation of the school. The legal descriptions of Joseph’s land: W½-NE 16-2-5 (80 acres), E½-NW 16-2-5 (80 acres), and NW-SE 16-2-5 (30 acres). The property is located south of the present-day intersection of CR 300 S and CR 1025 E. The price he paid for the property is not listed in the Index (left side)  (right side), and page 236 of Volume F has not survived, but it might have been around $10.00 per acre. Joseph is thinking about the future. Much like his father Henry before him, he wants to expand his farming operation and also make a future for his growing family in its operation. Perhaps some day they would all have their own homesteads right here, together on this land.
     He started by building Rose Ann a handsome two-story log home in the style of the times. It was later planked, and it eventually became a painted house, the height of fashion. It faced the north-south road running to the west of their land, from which it was set off by a picket fence. We get a hint of how the interior was arranged from Thomas D. Clark’s A History of Kentucky. “The early log houses were of the ‘double,’ two-story type with two large front rooms, a broad hall, or ‘dog trot,’ a shed room across the back which was divided to serve as kitchen, dining room, and spare bedroom, and with a large porch across the front. The second story, in the earliest houses, was reached by peg ladders concealed behind hall doors, but later plank stairs were added. As lumber became more plentiful and houses were being weather-boarded, owners of log houses covered them with plank siding.”36 This description is confirmed by Mary Ellen Wildman, the daughter of a later resident of the home:


The original house was a log structure with a dogtrot between the rooms. I remember Dad saying they slept in the loft and snow would cover their blankets when they woke on winter mornings....The original home faced west while the new home faced the north. I can remember foundation rocks in the side yard and part of the old picket fence. The cellar from the old house was under the new one.37
     Even before this purchase, Joseph’s farming operation was prospering. We know that he already had employed at least one farm laborer. On 26 December 1860, he signed an agreement to pay John Bigles for his labor. The rate was set at $6.00 per month through the winter, up to the first of April, 1861, the start of the growing season. From then until the ‘corn was laid up,’ the rate was set at $9.00 per month.38 Now, Joseph leveraged the enterprise even more. He rented out some of his land (exact locations unknown, but probably his other two 40-acre properties, the original “Congress Land” and the later “Canal Land.”) Rental agreements were also found in the Joseph Arvin papers. “In one rental agreement, the renter agrees to make 500 rails at ½c each – to be paid from the crops – and to put the rails on the farm fence where most needed. In another rental agreement, the renter agrees to tend the farm reasonably well and to pay the owner $5 per field foot for all land not tended.”39  

  Family tradition indicates that Joseph did indeed operate a store from his new home at this time. Stores like this were located on the ground level, in one or both of the front rooms, and the family’s private living quarters were maintained upstairs.  The newspaper article written about the Joseph Arvin papers states that, “In slack moments, the store keeper copied a poem or two; example (Perhaps some of the older people recall it)....‘God of my life and author of my days, permit my feeble voice to lisp thy praise, trembling take upon my mortal tongue that hollowed name to harps of seraphs sing....’”40
       Another family tradition, from a different source: “They lived in Section 16, Reeve township, near Whitfield, Indiana. A grandson, Frank Arvin, remembered him as a ‘fun-loving man who chewed tobacco, played cards and croquet.’ According to another grandson, Tim Arvin, he had once operated a still that supplied whiskey for his country store, and his brother Jim also operated a still about a mile to the east. Tim said he had seen the old kettle ‘about five feet across and three feet deep,’ kept by his grandfather ‘until scrap copper was a good price.’ Tim had owned part of his granfather’s land, and during prohibition time in the 1920’s had operated a still himself a few rods from the site of Joseph’s original one.”
      Still another family tradition: “He also built and operated a still, which supplied the liquor for sale in the store. His younger brother, James P. Arvin, also operated a still on his property, which was the original tract that Henry Arvin owned when he first migrated to Indiana in 1845.”


     Indiana’s whiskey history is directly descended from that of Kentucky. And in Kentucky, stills were quite common. “Many frontier families owned and operated whiskey stills and regarded this business in the same light as soap making, for it was a profitable method of converting corn chips into a marketable product....In Kentucky the distilling industry gained rapid growth, for the soils of the state were conducive to the manufacture of fine liquors in two ways: first, the soil produced good yields of high grade cereals; and, second, the water was used in distilling came from a limestone source. Many early settlers who moved into the West were of Irish and Scotch origin and already knew the secret of successful distilling. They had a taste for corn whiskey. Hence it was only natural that when they moved westward they should turn to distilling. Most families had their own stills, and when their fields yielded more grain than could be disposed of profitably, they converted it into whiskey which could be shipped from the state in jugs and barrels.”41 Or, sold in one’s own home store.

     The famous Jim Beam distillery is located at Clermont, Kentucky. Among its many products, Jim Beam markets four “light-body” bourbons, one of which known as “Basil Hayden’s.” Wikipedia tells us that:

     Basil Hayden’s is named in honor of Basil Hayden, Sr. Hayden was a Maryland Catholic who led a group of
     twenty five Catholic families from Maryland into what is now Nelson County, Kentucky (near Bardstown)
     in 1785. This area is home to many of the famous bourbon labels, including Jim Beam. There Hayden
     donated the land for the first Catholic church west of the Alleghenies and the first Catholic church in what
     is now the state of Kentucky.
          Hayden was also an accomplished distiller and used a larger amount of rye in his mash than in some other
     bourbons. Later, Hayden’s grandson founded a distillery in Nelson County and named his label in honor of
     his pioneer grandfather. That label was “Old Grand-Dad.” The picture on the bottle is copied from a
     rendering of Basil Sr.’s likeness. When Beam Industries introduced their “small batch” collection, among the
     four was “Basil Hayden’s,” which supposedly uses a mash similar to that originally utilized by Hayden in
          Hayden’s family can be traced back to England (Norfolk) to the period shortly after the Norman
      Conquest. One ancestor, Simon de Heydon, was knighted by Richard the Lionheart in the Holy Land during
      the Third Crusade in the 1190s. His son, Thomas de Heydon, was made Justice Itinerant of Norfolk by
      Henry III. Around 1400, another ancestor, John Heydon, appears to have been associated with “The
      Grove”—a large estate in Watford (Hertfordshire), about twenty miles northwest of London. Some
      researchers have speculated that John Heydon was given the estate for his father Sir Richard de Heydon’s
      services in the French Wars, where Sir Richard perished. Others are less sure. But Heydons definitely lived
      in Watford from the fourteenth through seventeenth centuries.
          The Heydons emigrated to the Virginia Colony in the 1660s, when much of Britain became inhospitable
      to Catholics. Francis Hayden, Basil’s great-grandfather and the first Heydon (then switching to Hayden)
      moved from Virginia to Maryland in 1678, settling in St. Mary’s County on St. Clement’s Bay, where the
      family remained until Basil led his band of Catholic families into present-day Nelson County, Kentucky.
      During the American Revolution, Basil supplied provisions to the Colonial Army.

      In Indiana, “The first distillery in Daviess county was erected by ‘Obe’ Flint in 1810. Like most of the other early industries hereabout, this institution was established in Veale township, two miles south of Maysville. Prior to this there were various kinds of stills brought into use. These were generally known as ‘teapot’ stills and were of simple construction and limited capacity. The capacity, however, was sufficient to supply home consumption. Liquor in the early days was a staple article, as much a family necessity as bread and meat. It was a favorite remedy for the various ills that were prevalent, chief of which were malaria and snake bite. For the latter the whisky was taken straight; for the former it was usually administered in the form of bitters.
     “…The home consumption of the early settlers kept pace with the increase of production. It was not before 1836 or 1838, that more whisky was made than the early settlers needed for home consumption.”42

     Then came the Civil War and the pressing need of all wars for more revenue. In 1862, Congress passed
     the Act of July 1, the basis for our present tax system, imposing taxes on all distilled spirits and fermented
     beverages, and creating the office of commissioner of internal revenue....
          At first the new tax was 20¢ per gallon. Two years later it was raised to 60¢ per gallon. By the summer
     of 1864 it was $1.50 per gallon, and by December of that year it had climbed to $2.00. Startled authorities
     then discovered that as the excise tax went up, the revenue fell off. The answer to this puzzle, or course, was
     moonshine. Country distillers in backwoods communities and mountain retreats were paying no taxes but
     selling their own whiskey, as fast as they could run it, to customers who bitterly resented the excise and who
     could not or would not pay for it.
          The revenue service was aware of the situation but was too new, too small, and too poorly trained to do
     much about it.43 

The Draft

     With the War of the Rebellion raging, soldiers were being wounded and killed at a prodigious rate, and the Union war machine found it needed manpower as much as it needed revenue. President Lincoln called for additional troops on several different occasions, to replenish the ranks of his depleted armies. All tolled, he would ask for nearly a million men. Quotas were set across the country to supply the men for each call. In any given voting district, when the number of volunteers did not satisfy the quota (or the district’s bounty offer was not pricey enough to induce the needed number of volunteers), the balance had to be made up by drafting recruits into the ranks. This was usually accomplished by means of a lottery. A community could be traumatized by these drafts. Many families were forced to give up a son or a husband or a father to the army. In 1864, the Arvin clan was struck twice, and on the same day.
     Daviess County failed to meet its quota for the huge (500,000-man) call made by the president in July of 1864. It was, therefore, included in the lottery conducted on 22 September 1864 in Evansville. Scores of men from the area were drafted that day. Will’s cousin, John Leonard Arvin (son of Elias and Catherine), was one of them. He was 31 years old, married and the father of two children. No matter, he was required to leave his farm and serve. If he was lucky, his neighbors would help manage it for him. If not, who knows? Even more drastic was the plight of Joseph’s younger brother, “Long George” Arvin. He was 38 years old, married, and had six children at home, two of whom were handicapped. And his wife, Jemima, was pregnant.
     Neither man could afford to hire a substitute or pay the enormous commutation fee of $300.00. They had no alternative. They were given five days to put their affairs in order, then report for muster into the Union Army. They would be separated from their families and friends and be sent off to a fate unknown. Both were to serve for one year as privates in Company A of the 44th Regiment of Indiana Volunteers (shown here at the Battle of Mission Ridge in 1863. See also: They probably left by train and went to Indianapolis for some initial training. Then they were sent to Chattanooga, Tennessee, where the 44th was doing provost (police) duty, preparing to go into winter camp.

     Like everyone else in the community, Joseph and Rose Ann were in shock. Joseph, 49, was beyond being drafted. But they knew all too well that Will, their oldest son, would also be subject to future drafts—which were sure to come—when he turned 20 in November of 1865. They may have taken steps to keep him out of harm’s way before the next call went out. Will’s youngest child, Loretta (born in 1896), told me that “We bought our way out of the Civil War. Will’s father and his uncles all chipped in.”  
     Although there is no surviving documentation, it is quite possible that Joseph purchased “draft insurance” for Will. We know that “...two companies, organized specifically for draft insurance, appeared late in the war, one in Indiana and one in Illinois. The Indiana Mutual Draft Insurance Company, located in Indianapolis, offered to insure draftees from any area of the state. The membership fee is unknown, but the money was deposited in the First National Bank of Indianapolis and the enrolled person was given a deposit receipt. If a man were drafted, he apparently got no money, but the funds in the bank were used to procure a substitute for him. Only when all the drafted members were relieved was the company free to draw the remaining money out for its own purposes.”46 Whether this insurance was purchased or not, we know that Will never entered the Union Army, and the war came to a halt, before he ever turned twenty, in April of 1865.

     As for John L. and George W. Arvin, they saw no combat, but spent a miserable winter in Chattanooga. Both were mustered out of the Union Army on 13 June 1865. They returned home, also by rail, and tried to pick up where they left off the previous fall. John seems to have readapted quickly enough, but George never fully recovered the good health he lost in the army. He returned home to find that Jemima had delivered a beautiful baby girl, Anna, who was just two weeks old. But they soon came to realize that she, like her brother James and sister Teresa, was also mentally disabled.

Sidebar: The Pensions

     The National Archives and Records Administration was not able to locate John Leonard Arvin’s pension application (No. 549,398) or the Certificate of Pension itself (No. 420,404). They may still be in the possession of the Department of Veterans’ Affairs. However, the National Archives was able to locate the application of John’s second wife, Julia, for a widow’s pension reverse based on his service.44

      As for George Washington Arvin, in March of 1886, “Long George,” 6 foot 2 inches tall, 60 years old, made an Invalid Claim for a pension. It began with a Declaration (reverse). Affidavits were presented as additional evidence. Daniel Haggerty gave one, as did Martin Patterson and Benedict Queen (reverse). The Pension Office asked the Adjutant General of the U.S. Army for George’s medical records. The Surgeon General’s Office responded that there was no record of treatment other than in the Regimental hospital. The War Department relayed  (reverse) this information to the Pension Office. A formal Surgeon’s Certificate (reverse) was prepared, and George’s claim was rejected.
     He appealed for Reconsideration, (reverse), and he provided medical evidence by Dr. John C. L. Campbell (reverse) and Dr. J. Null Plummer (reverse) that he was, in fact, disabled. When the claim finally came before the Commissioner, he asked for more information from Mr. Queen (response) and Dr. Campbell (response). He also asked the Post Master of Loogootee about the reputation of Haggerty and Queen (response). The War Department verified Haggerty and Queen’s military service. A Special Examiner was asked to obtain more information from Mr. Haggerty. A Surgeon’s Certificate (reverse) was prepared. In April of 1887, John L. Arvin submitted an affidavit on George’s behalf. The claim was awarded in June of 1887. George was found to be suffering from Disease of Eyes and Rheumatism and was awarded a pension for one-half disability. His claim, No. 566,248, which had been filed in March of 1886, was finally approved in June of 1887. He received Pension Certificate No. 364,397, and it paid him $4 per month, retroactive to the filing date. The rate was so low, however, it was really just a token payment. And, his attorney, Cornelius Wood, received $25 of the retroactive payment.
     Not one to give up easily, George made a claim for an increase the rate in July of 1887. It would be the beginning of a long struggle with the Pension Bureau.Declaration (reverse) Medical evidence Surgeon’s Certificate He was successful, and was awarded an increase to $8 per month, effective September, 1887. His applications for increases were rejected in 1889 and 1890, but in 1891, he again won an increase, this time to $12 per month.
     In 1892, he signed an agreement (reverse) with attorney Noah Moser in Loogootee and again sought an increase, signing a Declaration (reverse) and an Affidavit. Benedict J. Queen, John L. Arvin and Daniel Haggerty and Patrick Doyle all signed affadavits in his favor. Dr. Campbell did the same. But the claim was rejected in April, 1893. In May, 1893, he filed again (Declaration reverse), and the prior claim was reopened, but was again rejected.
     In 1895, George made yet another claim for an increase, but the claim appears never to have been completed. The Pension Bureau again went to the War Department for military service records, and received a response. The Pension Bureau again prepared some letters for John L. Arvin, Benedict Queen, Daniel Haggerty and Dr. Campbell to complete. But only John Arvin’s response had been developed (response). The medical evidence (reverse) returned return also appears to be unfinished. The reason is that George had passed away.

     George Washington Arvin died on 26 (or 27) December 1896 of bronchitis. His wife, Miami (“Jemima”) Arvin, died just six weeks before him, on 18 November 1896. They left three children, now middle-aged, who were nevertheless “helpless.” Their names: James Edward, born 9 December 1848, Teresa Ann, born 12 June 1850 and Anna, born 30 May 1865. Despite their ages, they each had a mental disability so severe that they needed full time care. (Theresa Ann, who went by Nancy Ann, is listed in the 1880 census as having the disease of “nervousness.” See below.) They lived with their sister, Mrs. Elizabeth Fields, on Loogootee RFD No. 1. Imagine Elizabeth’s plight. She was only 35 (born in 1861), but already she was a widow. Now she lost her mother, then her father. Still, she undertook the full-time care of her three helpless siblings. And she had no income.

     In 1899, the Daviess County Circuit Court found the three children of unsound mind and appointed a committee to oversee their property. The three were over age 16, and thus ineligible for pensions as survivors of their father. The Bureau of Pensions, therefore, decided to make this a “Special Act” claim, meaning that it would need—quite literally—an Act of Congress to place them on the pension roll.
     And that is exactly what happened. The U. S. House voted on the report of its committee in May, 1900. The Senate voted on its committee report in January, 1901. The Act became law on 7 February 1901. Patrick Lundy, of Loogootee, was appointed as guardian. Now, he was required to make a claim. It began with a Declaration, (reverse). Application No. 734,819 was completed in June, 1901, and Certificate No. 516,696 was issued to him.

     Teresa (“Nancy”) Ann Arvin died on 9 September 1906 at the age of 56. James E. and Anna continued to live with Elizabeth, and Patrick Lundy continued to serve as their guardian. Every two years, he was required to account for the money, subject to approval by the Daviess County Circuit Court. Here is what was submitted to the Pension Bureau in 1912. Mr. Lundy resigned as guardian in 1914, and Thomas W. Miles was appointed. Just as Mr. Lundy had, he filed a performance bond, certified by the Circuit Court. At the Pension Bureau, the Finance Division was notified.

     James Edward Arvin, age 67, died on 24 April 1916. Anna Arvin, the sole survivor, was now entitled to the entire $12. But Elizabeth, now 55 herself, complained bitterly to the Pension Bureau, in December of 1916, that Mr. Miles was not giving Anna enough money for her support. page 1 page 2 Special Examiner letter letter to custodian As a result of the accusation, Miles resigned as guardian. His attorney wrote a letter to the Pension Bureau in his defense. The Commissioner wrote a letter to Elizabeth.
     In January 1917, James L. McGovren (sic), an insurance salesman, accepted appointment as guardian for Anna. She was now 52 years old, still helpless and bedfast. But by 1919, he resigned. A cousin, George J. Arvin (born in 1859, son of Augustine Arvin) was then appointed. George filed the required biennial accounting reports in 1921, 1923, 1925 and 1927. But by 1929, he had moved to Chula Vista, California, and thought he had turned the reporting back over to Mr. McGovren, who was a cashier with the White River Bank in Loogootee. The accounting report eventually followed in June. No report was received for 1931, and the Pension Bureau suspended payment in 1933. George wrote a letter in 1934, inquiring about payment.
     In 1936, we find that the Little Sisters of the Poor in Indianapolis now have Anna in their care and Mr. McGovren had again been selected as guardian. He requested that payment be resumed. The Pension Bureau complied, and Mr. McGovren received the money due Anna, retroactive from October 1933 to November 1936. It totaled $437.40. (Pension payments had apparently been reduced during the Great Depression.)   Questions of Fact and Law
     Payments continued until Anna Arvin died on 19 May 1941. She was almost 76 years old.

Final Memo for Examiner      Original Ledger from 1901

 We return to Joseph Edward Arvin.

On October 14, Joseph and Rose Ann sell Rebecca Burch a 10 acre parcel of the School Land (NE-SE 16-2-5), for $100.00.47 (This sale may never have been completed, or was reversed for some reason, because Joseph’s estate at the time of his death still showed his School Land holding as 190 acres.)
     Three days later on October 17, Joseph purchases a lot in Alfordsville from a Florian Bartel. He pays $100.00 for lot 12, a corner lot, as indicated here.48 Joseph may have bought this lot on speculation, hoping to hold it for future increase in value. “Alfordsville, in Reeve township, is the principal village in the south-eastern portion of the county. It was laid off, June 3, 1845....The first settler in that vicinity was James Alford, after whom the town was named.”49 Alfordsville was starting to develop as a town, and corner lots were especially popular. “There was never a saloon in Alfordsville, not that there was a crusade against it; because it took two weeks for the sheriff to get there. One man would buy up all corner lots and before he would sell, they had to promise that they would not have a saloon – it worked!”50

     Historical Note: On April 14, 1865, John Wilkes Booth, a famous actor and Confederate sympathizer, fatally shoots President Abraham Lincoln at a play at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C., and flees south through the Maryland countryside, passing near the old Arvin’s Enlargement in Charles County. The assassination comes only five days after Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his massive army at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the American Civil War.

Death, Birth, Death

     James Paul Arvin, son of Joseph and Rose Ann, was born on 6 December 1863 and baptized on 7 February 1864. James died 2 August 1865. He is buried at St. Rose, in the Arvin family plot.

     Susan Ellen Arvin, daughter of Joseph and Rose Ann, was born on 1 July 1868.  

     Rose Ann Arvin, daughter of Joseph and Rose Ann, born 13 July 1854, died on 8 December 1868. She was only 14 years of age. She is buried in the family plot at St. Rose. All the pain, sadness and sense of loss which the family suffered upon her death are now represented only by a swatch of lace, a snip of cloth and a single lock of her hair. They were preserved in the family bible open, page left page right which Joseph purchased a few years later. (William H. Arvin, their oldest son, later inherited this bible. William’s oldest daughter, Mary Ann, inherited it from him in turn. Mary Ann made the notation.)  

1869: On 5 January, Joseph and Rose Ann sign an indenture to sell their original 40 acre farm, their “Congress Land,” which Joseph had entered in 1844 (SW-NE-22-2-5) and bought with $50.00 from his father. They sold it to Andrew J. White for $600.00. The words, “the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged” are crossed out in the county recording, so apparently Mr. White had not paid for the land at the time of the sale.


             This Indenture Witnesseth, that Joseph E. Arvin and Rose Ann
             Arvin his wife of Daviess County in the State of Indiana convey
             and warrant to Andrew J. White of Daviess County in the
             State of Indiana for the sum of Six Hundred Dollars, the receipt
             whereof is hereby acknowledged, the following real estate in
             Daviess County, in the State of Indiana towit:
                   South west quarter of the north east quarter of section
             No twenty two (22) in township No two (2) north of range No
             five (5) west, and appertenances.
                In Witness Whereof the said Joseph E. Arvin and Rose
             Ann his wife have hereunto set their hands and seals this
             5th day of January 1869.
                                                              Joseph E Arvin (seal)
                                                             Rose Ann   x  Arvin(seal)
              The State of Indiana Martin County. Sct:
              Before me a Notary Public a in and for said County this
              5th day of January 1869 personally came Joseph E Arvin
              and Rose Ann his wife and acknowledged the execution of
              the annexed deed.
                                           Witness my hand and Notorial seal
                                                        (seal) Alexander Chomel (seal)
                                                                           Notary Public
              Received for Record, January 7th 1869 at 3 o’clock P.M.
                                                               E T Barton, Recorder
              I certify that the deed of which the above foregoing is a true
              copy, was duly stamped, as provided by Act of Congress, and
              recorded on the 11th day of January 1869 at 11 o’clock A.M.
                                                                        E T Barton, Recorder of
                                                                                   Daviess County                                 

    It is not clear whether this transaction was ever actually completed. The issue is clouded by the fact that 40 acres of land in the same section was transferred from L. W. McCormick to Joseph in 1877, as was published in The Washington Gazette on 19 May of that year. Did he repurchase the farm later? Clear the title by paying Mr. McCormick? Unknown. At any rate, the property would not be listed as part of Joseph’s estate.

Alexander Chomel, the Notary Public, is the same man who would later work as attorney-in-fact on the pension claims of Joseph’s mother Theresa and his uncle Elias in the early 1870’s. Charles Antoine Alexandre Chomel was born in Allier, France, in 1826. His parents, members of the provincial nobility, lost everything in the French Revolution. Alexandre emigrated to America in 1849, and married Sabrina Corrico of Kentucky on Christmas Eve, 1850, in New Albany, Indiana. Her family was believed to have originally emigrated to Maryland with Lord Baltimore. They later moved to Martin County, where her brother-in-law had founded the town of Loogootee. There, Alexandre published the Martin County Herald and the Enterprise. In 1884, they moved to the town of Washington, in Daviess County, where he published the Advertiser. At the request of the bishop of Indianapolis, he took over publication of the diocesan paper, the Catholic Record. They then relocated to Indianapolis, where they lived for the rest of their lives. They celebrated their fifty-fourth wedding anniversay at their home on Christmas Eve, 1904. Sabrina died in 1909; Alexandre Chomel died at age 85 in 1911.52  

1870 – Ninth United States Census


Name                    Age  Sex  Color      Profession              Value of        Value of            Place of         Cannot   Cannot         Male citz
Occupation            Real Estate      Personal              Birth             Read     Write              of U.S.
                                                                                   or Trade                                        Estate                                                                          21 up

Arvin Joseph E.     54     M      W        Farmer             6,000        4,000       Maryland                                   √
          Rosan          45      F       W   Keeping house                                      Kentucky
          William H.
  24     M      W    Farm laborer                           200          Indiana                                     √
          Elizabeth     22      F       W                                                                   Indiana
          Martin E.    19      M      W                                                                   Indiana      
          Moses I.
      18      M      W                                                                   Indiana  [This must be Mary Jane.]
          Joseph P.      9       M      W                                                                  Indiana   [Joseph T.]
          Susan C.
       3       F       W                                                                   Indiana

     Elizabeth Ann, Joseph and Rose Ann’s oldest daughter, married Jeremiah Jerry Raney on 15 November 1870. His was an old-line Catholic family, one of the first to settle in the area. “Jeremiah Raney was born in Perry Township of Daviess or Martin County [Perry Township is in Martin County], Ind. Dec. 27, 1842. He married Elizabeth Ann Arvin on Nov. 15, 1870 probably in Mt. Pleasant or St. Martins Catholic Church [Lucile Arvin indicates St. Martin, although the building was not erected until 1875]; she was born Feb. 3, 1847 [1848] in Ireland [Indiana]. They lived in Barr Twp. Daviess County, Ind. Farmed all their lives. He died Nov 9 [19], 1914. Elizabeth Ann Raney died April 26, 1931.”53
     They were written up by Weston A. Goodspeed in his 1886 publication, History of Knox and Daviess Counties, Indiana. Jeremiah and Elizabeth are buried in the St. Martin Church cemetery.

    Also living nearby in Daviess County in 1870:


Arvin  Joshua          49     M     W        Farmer                 3000           400            Kentucky                 1             1
         Caroline          47     F     W     Keeping house                                              Kentucky                 1    
        Landon H        24     M    W        Farmer                   800           200              Indiana                                   1


   --- Rebecca         16     F     W                                                                           Indiana     *
   --- Treecy J          13    F    W                                                                              Indiana     *
   --- Joshua             11    F    W                                                                              Indiana     *
   --- Mary S             9    F    W                                                                              Indiana     *
   --- Charles             6    F    W                                                                              Indiana     *
   --- Ramon F          3    F    W                                                                              Indiana     *
   Peck John F          28                    farm Laborer                                                 Kentucky
. . .

Arvin Thomas H.      57   M   W             Farmer               2000          400         Kentucky                    1  1            1
   ---  Haley              40   F      W     Keeping house                                           Indiana                        1  1
   --- Rosey J            17   F      W                                                                      Indiana          *
   --- Joseph              15   M    W                                                                       Indiana         *
   --- Henry               13   M    W                                                                       Indiana         *
   --- John A             11   M    W                                                                       Indiana          *
   --- Caroline            9    F     W                                                                       Indiana
   --- Martha              7    F     W                                                                       Indiana
   --- Elisabeth           5    F     W                                                                       Indiana
   --- Sarah A            3     F     W                                                                       Indiana
Arvin, George W.
    44   M    W [“Long”] Farmer         2200       400              Kentucky                                       1
   --- Jemima            45   F      W       Keeping house                                        Maryland
   --- James               21   M    W                                                                       Indiana                                          1
   --- Nancy              19   F     W                                                                       Indiana
   --- Thomas            18  M     W                                                                       Indiana


   --- Jane                 15   F    W                                                                            Indiana      *
   --- Rosa                 13   F    W                                                                            Indiana      *
   --- Sylvester           10   M   W                                                                            Indiana      *
   --- Elizabeth            9    F    W                                                                            Indiana      
   --- Annie                 4    F    W                                                                            Indiana      
Arvin James P           42   M    W               Farmer              2200       600            Kentucky                                  1
   ---Mary                 39    F   W             Keeping house                                       Indiana                    1   1
   ---Treecey E           17   F   W                                                                         Indiana
   ---Thomas H           17   M   W                                                                         Indiana
   ---Treecey               82   F   W                                                                        Maryland                    1  1
. . .

Arvin George W        51   M   W [“Short”]   Farmer          1000      500               Kentucky                               1
   ---Mary E              54   F   W            Keeping house                                          Maryland
   ---Rosey J             18   F   W                                                                               Indiana
   ---Treecey C          15   F   W                                                                               Indiana
   ---Henry E            11   M   W                                                                               Indiana
. . .

Arvin John L            31   M   W        Farmer                       2200                         Kentucky                                 1
   ---Julia A              35   F   W     Keeping house                                                Indiana                       1  1
   ---William E           12  M  W                                                                             Indiana


Arvin Ellis                  80   M  W            Farmer                   800            200             Maryland                                1
   ---Catherine           73   F  W                                                                                  Maryland              1  1
   ---Lavina A           35     F  W                                                                               Maryland                 1  1

Arvin Richard          26   M   W           Farmer                                        200             Kentucky                                   1
   ---Ann                 33  F   W      Keeping house                                                        Maryland
   ---Treecey A        1   F  W                                                                                         Indiana
   ---William H        8/12   M  W                                                                                    Indiana                Nov
. . .

* attended school within the year

    And across the county line, in Rutherford Township, Martin County:

Image    Guss, with his oldest son, Thomas

Arvin, Guss            47   M   W        Farmer               2000       700                Kentucky                      1           1
 ---    Rebecca         40    F   W      Keeping House                                          Indiana              1        1
        Thomas           21   M   W      Farm Laborer                                             Indiana     * 
        William R        19   M   W      Farm Laborer                                             Indiana     *
        Pius A             18   M   W      Farm Laborer                                             Indiana     *
        Mary  R          13    F    W                                                                        Indiana     *
        George J         11   M    W                                                                        Indiana     *
        Joseph P          7     M   W                                                                         Indiana
        Treecy E           3     F    W                                                                         Indiana

* attended school within the year

  Valerie (“Lelia”) Catherine, daughter of Joseph and Rose Ann, was born 15 March 1871.

     Joseph’s mother, Theresa Arvin, died in June of 1871. Attesting to her great matriarchal status within the Arvin clan, no less than six granddaughters, listed above, were named after her. (Nancy Ann, the daughter of George W. and Miami Arvin, was born Theresa Ann Arvin in October 1850.) On December 30 of 1871, Theresa’s heirs agreed to deed their shares of her land to a George W. Arvin Jr. and James P. Arvin. George (who may be the son of George W. Arvin Sr. (“Short George,” married to Theresa’s daughter, Mary Ellen Arvin) paid $500.00 to the estate to obtain SE-SW 23-2-5,54 and James paid $700.00 to obtain SW-SE 23-2-5.55 The tract James purchased probably included the home, thus the higher price.

     Joseph’s older brother, Thomas H. Arvin, who was born in Maryland in 1813, died two days before Christmas, on 23 December 1875. He was 62 years old. He had come to Kentucky with Henry and Theresa as a child in 1816, and he was the oldest of the three pioneering brothers, sent by their father to Indiana, who entered 40 acres of land in Daviess County in 1844. He left his wife Margaret and a household of seven children, along with a grandchild. He is buried in the cemetery of St. John’s Church, Loogootee.

1876: Joseph and Rose Ann’s second son, Martin Edward Arvin, now 26, and his wife Mary Ann, sell Lot 11 in Cannelburg to Margaret Kavanaugh for $85.00. A record of their purchase of this lot could not be found, although several of Martin’s land transactions in Daviess County do survive. “Martin E. married Mary Ann Nolan on Aug. 26, 1873, and they lived on a farm one half mile east of Cannelburg in Barr Township.”56 He died in May of 1904 in the town of Montgomery, which is located just a few miles to the west of Cannelburg. (The town of Cannelburg was named after type of coal prevalent in area, cannel coal. “The principal industry of the community is coal mining, which furnishes employment for a large number of men, and furnishes support for most of the families in town. The cannel coal mined here is regarded as being superior to any in the state, and immense quantities of it are mined and shipped to various parts of the country....The Buckey Cannel-Coal Company’s mine was opened in 1870.”)57

– Tenth United States Census

Arvin, Joseph E. listed in Reeves Township, Daviess County, Indiana. (Taken on 26th day of June)


 Name                   Color Sex Age    Relationship         Profession                         Birthplace        Father’s           Mother’s
                                                                                                    Occupation                                               Birthplace        Birthplace
                                                                                                      or Trade   
Arvin, Joseph E.
    W   M  64                              Farmer                       Maryland    Maryland    Maryland
          Rosana H.    W   F   55        wife         Keeping House                     Ky              Ky               Ky
          William H.   W   M  34        Son                Farmer                            Ind              Md              Ky
          Margaret E.  W   F   22  
Daugh in Law    House Keeping                     Ind              Ky              Ind
          Joseph T.      W   M  20       Son            works on farm                     Ind              Md              Ky
          Susan E.       W   F   11    Daughter           at Home                          Ind              Md              Ky
          Lelia C.        W   F    9     Daughter                                                   Ind              Md              Ky
Hayden, John O.    W  M  14
    Nephew         works on farm                  Illinois            Ky              Ky
            A.M.           W  M  59     
Bro in Law        works on farm                Kentucky         Ky              Ky

Griffin, James      
   W  M  35                              Farmer                             Ind            Ireland        Ireland
          Mary J           W   F  28      wife             keeping house                       Ind           Maryland       Ky
          Mary E          W  F    3     Daughter                                                     Ind               Ind            Ind
          Annie           W   F 9/12 Spt Daughter                                                    Ind                 Ind            Ind


     Valerie Catherine now goes by “Lelia C.”

      Mary Jane, second oldest daughter of Joseph and Rose Ann, married James Griffin on 23 September 1873. James’s family probably lived in the area; and we see his mother and father were born in Ireland. As the census taker made his run, he found the newlyweds living with their two young daughters in the next house up the road from Joseph and Rose Ann. Since we will learn that the Griffins inherited a portion of Joseph’s land on the northeast corner, it is likely that they have established a separate homestead there at this time. We also will learn that, “there was another log house located to the south east of the house of Joseph Arvin. It was on the same property and located just behind the orchard.” Oldest son, William Arvin, will inherit this land, and this is where he is about to establish his homestead. Everyone involved was quite content with these arrangements. Sons and daughters and lots of grandchildren living close by, and no shortage of work for everyone to share on their farms. Joseph and Rose Ann had planned it this way when they first bought the land.

     Oldest son William Henry Arvin married Margaret Ellen Yates on 27 January 1879. At the time of this census, they are actually living with Joseph and Rose Ann in their painted house. They have an infant daughter, Mary Ann, but she is not listed in this census.

     Also living in Reeve Township of Daviess County:


Arvin,  George W    W  M  60    [“Short”]      Farmer                         Maryland   Maryland   Maryland
    ---  Mary E           W  F   64      wife        Keeping house                      Md             Md            Md
          [Joseph’s twin sister]
. . .

Arvin, Thomas H     W  M  27                         Farmer                           Indiana           Ky            Md
   ---     Emily L        W   F  26      wife        Keeping house                      Ind              Ky             Ky
   ---     Mary E         W   F   3     Daughter                                                Ind              Ind            Ind
   ---     George W     W  M  1        Son                                                      Ind              Ind            Ind
Arvin,  George W     W  M 54    [“Long”]       Farming                           Ky              Md            Md
   ---    Jemima H       W   F 54      wife          Keeping house                    Md              Md            Md
   ---    James E          W  M 31      Son           works on farm                Kentucky         Ky            Md
   ---    Nancy A         W  F  29    Daughter        at Home          ***           Ind              Ky            Md
   ---    Mary J            W  F   24   Daughter        at Home                           Ind               Ky           Md
   ---    Rose E            W  F  22    Daughter        at Home                           Ind              Ky            Md
   ---    Sylvestrr H     W M 20        Son         works on farm                     Ind               Ky           Md
   ---    Sarah  E          W  F  16    Daughter         at Home                          Ind               Ky          Md
   ---    Jemima A       W  F   14    Daughter         at Home                          Ind              Ky           Md
. . .

Arvin, Margaret        W  F   49                       Keeping House                    Ind              Ky            Ky
   ---  Joseph P           W M  25         Son          works on farm                    Ind              Ind            Md
   ---  John A              W M  21         Son          works on farm                   Ind              Ind            Md
   ---  Martha M          W F  17      Daughter         at Home                         Ind              Ind            Md
   ---  Belle                 W  F  15      Daughter         at Home                        Ind              Ind            Md
   ---  Jeremiah           W M  14       Gnd son     works on farm                   Ind              Ind            Ind
   ---  Allie                  W  F  12      Daughter        at Home                         Ind              Ind            Md
   ---  James L             W M 10          Son                                                    Ind              Ind            Md
   ---  Ida M                 W F   8       Daughter                                              Ind              Ind             Md

***    disease
     Margaret is the widow of Joseph’s older brother, Thomas H. Arvin, who died in 1875.
     Living in Rutherford Township of Martin County:


Arvin, Augustin        W  M   56                     Farmer                            Kentucky           Ky           Ky
   --- Rebecka             W  F    50      wife    Keeping house                      Indiana            Ky            Ky
   --- William R           W M  30       son       Farm laborer                        Indiana             Ky           Ind   
   --- George P             W  M  21       son       Farm laborer                       Indiana             Ky           Ind
   --- Joseph P             W  M  17       son       Farm laborer                       Indiana             Ky           Ind
   --- Tresse E               W  F   13    daughter   Housework                       Indiana             Ky           Ind

     Note, the state of birth for Augustine’s father and mother—Henry and Theresa—are incorrect.
They were both born in Maryland.

More Land Transactions

1881: March 5, Joseph E. Arvin and his younger brother James P. Arvin, both “of Daviess County,” sell three 40-acre tracts located just across the county line in Martin County, for $500.00. Fielder Gillock, who lived nearby in Rutherford Township of Martin County, was the buyer. (See image of 1870 Martin County census, above.) The legal descriptions: NW-NE-36-2-5, NE-NE 36-2-5 and SE-SE 25-2-5.58 The tracts are located in west central Rutherford Township of Martin County, as shown here. No further information was found regarding this transaction, including how they acquired joint ownership of the land, or why.

1886: On October 4, Abraham C. Perkins and his wife purchase Lot 12 in Alfordsville from Joseph and Rose Ann. The price is only $25.00. Loogootee’s success had come at the expense of the small towns in the region, and Alfordsville never lived up to its great expectations. The Arvin’s apparently decided to simply liquidate their lot at a loss.


           This indenture Witnesseth that Joseph E Arvin and Rose A Arvin of Daviess
           County in the State of Indiana Convey and Warrant to Abraham Perkins
           and wife of Daviess County in the State of Indiana for the Sum of Twenty
           five Dollars the following Real Estate in Daviess County in the State of Indiana
           to Wit: Lot No (12) Twelve in the town of Alfordsville County and State aforesaid
           To have and to hold the Same unto the Said Abraham C. Perkins and his
           heirs and Legal representatives forever In Witness of the Said Joseph
           E Arvin and Rose A Arvin his wife have hereunto Set their hands and
           Seals this fourth day of October 1886.
                                                                                        Joseph E Arvin (Seal)
                               attest W.W. Kyle                           Rose A x Arvin (Seal)
             State of Indiana Daviess County ss: Before me this William W Kyle a Justice of the Peace in and
             for Said County this 4th day of October 1886 personally came the witness named Joseph E
             arvin and Rose A Arvin his wife and acknowledged the execution of the annexed  



     Rose Ann and Joseph’s daughter, Susan Ellen Arvin, 19 years old, married John Lannan on 1 February 1887. The ceremony was held at St. Martin Church. John had 40 acres of land located in the area, and everything appeared to be set for them to live a happy married life. Then, on 13 September 1888, less than two years later, Susan died. 

     Mary Ellen’s husband, “Short” George W. Arvin (son of Elias and Catherine), born in 1819, died on 24 April 1890. He was buried at St. Rose cemetery, long after the town of Mount Pleasant was gone. According to Lucile Arvin, Mary Ellen had begun going by the name Polly Ann later in her life. Lucile tells us, “After his death she sold the farm as Polly Ann in 1895. The Commissioner learned her name was Mary Ellen and she was advised to advertise for sale by posting up printed posters in 10 public places 10 days prior to the sale. It wasn’t sold again until Aug. 4, 1898 and to a different person. Dad bought it in 1907.”60

1890 – Eleventh United States Census

      This census was stored in the basement of the Department of Commerce Building, in Washington D.C. In 1921, it was turned to a pulpy mess and almost completely destroyed by water flowing into the basement as a fire was being fought on the upper floors. Almost no data from the census is usuable today.

     Valerie Catherine (“Lelia”) and Joseph B. Williams married on January 27, 1891. The ceremony was held at St. Martin Church.  

Golden Wedding Anniversary

     Since Joseph and Rose Ann occasionally made visits to the town of Washington (here’s an article from the April 4th, 1894, edition of the Daviess County Democrat), they decided to have a photograph of themselves made. Perhaps this was done in connection with their 50th wedding anniversay, which was in November of that year. Naturally, they went to the new Ground Floor Gallery, located right on Main Street. The proprietor was a young, energetic man named James Bourgholtzer.

     James Bourgholtzer was quite active in the commerce of Washington, Indiana, which had a population of about 10,000 at that time. He was the “leader” of the town’s Opera House.61 And he was the treasurer of the Indiana Association of Photographers.62


JAMES BOURGHOLTZER, the artistic photographer of Wash-
                                ington, Daviess county, Ind., a son of John and Caroline (Dern) 
                                Bourgholtzer, natives of Lorraine, France....In 1891 he built his
                                present magnificent photograph gallery on Main street. It is richly
                                furnished, and is as well equipped as any art gallery in the state.
                                Perfect in all its arrangements and decorations, and first class in all 
                                that pertains to pictures, the very latest styles of photos are made 
                                by him, and “you can almost hear the little things talk,” is often 
                                said of Bourgholtzer’s baby pictures. His reputation as a pho- 
                                tographer is established, and Mr. Bourgholtzer is not only a pho-     
                                tographer but an artist, and that is the secret of successful photog- 
                                raphy. His crayon work is greatly sought after by the people and 
                                never fails to give satisfaction. He has recently put in a flash- 
                                light machine, and is now prepared to make pictures of parlor 
                                parties, interior of stores or dwellings and family circles in the  
                                home. With this machine, pictures can be made anywhere, by  
                               day or night.63

     Joseph was intrigued with this new technology. He recognized its potential: recording the present as a keepsake for
future generations. He already had a photograph of his youngest surviving daughter, Valerie, with her husband, Joe B. Williams.
He also had one of his youngest surviving son, Joe Tom.

     Now, on a sunny fall day in 1896 or 1897, he invited Mr. Bourgholtzer out to the farm to make another photograph.
The result is this amazing image of Rose Ann and Joseph in front of their painted house. We see them on the left, with Joe
Tom and his son John Arnold between them. Joe Tom was a widower at this time. He married Cordelia Nolen on 17 April
1887, but she died on 5 July 1887. He then married Emma Gardiner on 22 January 1890, and John Arnold was born on
29 July 1890. John died on 15 April 1914, at the age of 23. Joe Tom was married a third time, to Rosa A. Nolan, on 3 May
1899. They had a daughter, Rose Marie, born in 1900, who died in 1972. Joe Tom was also married a fourth time, to Lela
Hayden. Joseph Thomas Arvin died on 11 March 1918 at the age of 61.     On the right is Valerie Arvin Williams with her children, Anna C., born 1895, John Sheldon, born 1896, and Joseph Ivo,
born 1892. Annie married John Elmer Strange in 1917. (His brother, Frank Strange, married Annie’s younger sister,
Elizabeth.) Elmer died in 1944, and in 1945 Annie married Michael McDonald. Annie McDonald died 23 March 1970. John
Sheldon (“Shell”) owned a garage in Loogootee for years and was a city fireman. He died 1 December 1962.
John Ivo died about 1904, only twelve years old. Also on the right is Robert Hayden, Rose Ann’s older brother, who lived
with the Williams family.

A New Book Published
     Joseph also saw to it that the Arvin family was immortalized in print. A new book, The History of the Catholic
Church in Indiana
, was published in 1898 by Charles Blanchard. Mr. Bourgholtzer had the very favorable
article shown above placed in it. (Subjects of these articles probably helped subsidize its publication with monetary
contributions, an early form of “vanity publishing.”) In his book, Mr. Blanchard mentions the Arvin family,
and he must have obtained much of his information from Joseph, who, like Bourgholtzer, probably patronized
the publication with a cash contribution. Thanks to Joseph’s foresight, this article became an invaluable source
of information for future Arvin family genealogists.

                THE ARVIN FAMILY, so well known in Indiana, was founded in this
                state by Henry Arvin, a native of Maryland, of Irish parentage, and
                born November 7, 1787
. He was married, January 1, 1810, to Theressa
                Montgomery, also a native of Maryland, born October 21, 1787, and in
                1816 they removed to Kentucky, where Mr. Arvin engaged in planting
                until 1844, when they came to Indiana and settled on a farm in Reeve
                township, Daviess county, but where Mr. Arvin engaged in coopering
                and in other lines of business, being too corpulent for farm work, and
                in that county passed away June 18, 1860, his widow surviving until
                June 20, 1871, when she, too, was called to rest.
There was born to
                them a large family, of whom seven sons and two daughters arrived
                at the years of maturity, viz: William, who was born June 11, 1811, and
                died in Petersburg, Ind., May 22, 1883; Thomas, born May 21, 1813, lived
                in Daviess county, and died December 23, 1875; Joseph and Mary (twins)
                born November 9, 1815, and supposed to be the oldest twins in the state,
                are both married – the former to Rosa Hayden, and the father of six children;
                the latter is the widow of George W. Arvin, and resides in Loogootee with
                a brother; Rosa, born February 18, 1818, married Martin Patterson, and
                died in Daviess county; Joshua O., born August 12, 1821, died in the same
                county January 11, 1889; Augustine, born February 1, 1824, resides in Martin
                county; George W., born January 26, 1826, died in Daviess county in 1897,
                and James and Kendrick, twins, were born January 31, 1828, and of these
                Kendrick died in infancy.64


      Mary Ellen Arvin (“Polly Ann”) died on 27 July 1897—after the author interviewed Joseph for this book, but prior to its publication. She was living with her younger brother, James, at the time of the interview. James had moved to Loogootee, where, in 1888, he purchased Lots 75 and 76 in Keck’s Addition, located on the southwest corner of Sherman and 1st Street. He paid $80.00 for the lots.65
James Polding Arvin, the youngest and last surviving child of Henry and Theresa Arvin, died on 19 July 1905 in Martin County, Indiana, and is buried at St. Martin’s cemetery in Whitfield. His death marked the end of an era. In June 1909, his widow, Mary, sold Lots 75 and 76 for an astounding $2000.00.66  
Augustine Arvin died 16 July 1899, also in Martin County and also is buried at St. Martin’s cemetery. His son, Pius, lived in Loogootee on Lot 74, directly south of James’s lots. Pius paid $175.00 for his lot.

Sale to Daughter and Son-in-Law

1900: In February, youngest daughter Valerie Catherine (now going by Catherine L.) and her husband Joseph B. Williams purchase 10 acres of Joseph and Rose Ann’s land, a tract located directly north of the home, bordering the road. The purchase price was $225.00.67 “Joe B.” and Catherine L. had already established their own homestead on this tract, complete with their own little house. Although there is no documentation, it is entirely possible that other sons and daughters may have also established homesteads on other portions of this land. In fact, this may have been Joseph’s intent all along, the very reason he purchased the land back in 1862.


Deaths of Joseph and Rose Ann                                            

     Barely two months later, in April of the year 1900, both Joseph, age 84, and Rose Ann, age 75, contracted the flu. Rose Ann died of her illness on Monday, April 10. Joseph died less than twenty-four hours later, on Tuesday April 11. Their funerals were held on that Thursday, probably at St Martin of Tour’s Catholic Church in Whitfield. They were buried side by side in a double plot in the Saint Martin cemetery. They rest a little over two miles east of the home where they lived for the last thirty-eight years of their lives. Today, the church and the cemetery are located just east of U.S. Highway 231, and are visible from the road. 
     Joseph had been born back on Arvin’s Enlargement in Maryland, and was the last remaining connection to that land. As an infant, he had made the daunting trek to Kentucky with his parents, where he lived to his adulthood. Under the direction of his father, Joseph and two of his brothers established themselves as pioneers in Indiana, becoming the first individuals of European descent to own their land. Joseph returned to Kentucky in 1844 and made Miss Rose Ann Hayden—the young lady with the famous name—his wife. Altogether, they were blessed with at least ten children. And, although death stole four away, six grew to maturity, surviving them as the century turned. For more than fifty years, Mr. and Mrs. Arvin enjoyed married life, prospered and grew old together. Their names were Joseph Edward and Rose Ann.


Postscript: The Estate

     Joseph had prepared a will (over) in 1893, leaving the 190-acre “School Land” tracts to Rose Ann. However, she predeceased him by a day. Therefore, the six surviving children, who are also named in the will, inherited it. Since the 10 acres previously deeded to Rebecca Burch in 1864 are included in the estate, that sale was either never completed or reversed for some reason. The other tract, the “Canal Land” containing 40 acres (NE-SE 15-2-5), is not mentioned. It must have been sold at some point, although no record of its sale can be found in the Index to Deeds for Daviess County. The plat map published in 1888 shows its ownership had changed by that time.

     The six heirs and their spouses were able to devise a workable plan to divide the land in an equitable way. Perhaps this was because some or all of them had already established homesteads on different areas of the land, as they grew up, got married and started families of their own. Just as Joseph and Rose Ann had planned.
     Early in the year 1900, the land was divided up, and deeds for each beneficiary’s land were recorded by the Daviess County Recorder of Deeds.
The deeds were indexed as shown here:

May 17: James Griffin (husband of 47-year-old Mary Jane) is deeded 27 acres. Consideration is $500.00.68 Image
May 26: Joseph T. Arvin (“Joe Tom”), age 43, is deeded 35 acres. Consideration: $500.0069

May 26: Martin E. Arvin, age 49, is deeded 29 acres, $500.00.70

May 26: William H. Arvin, age 54, is deeded 38 acres for $500.0071

June 5: Jeremiah Raney (husband of 51-year-old Elizabeth), deeded 33 acres for $500.0072

June 11: Joseph B. Williams (husband of 29-year-old Catherine L.), 18 acres. Consideration left blank, for some reason.73 Counting the 10 acres which Joseph and Rose Ann deeded to them in March of 1899, this gave Joe B. and Catherine L. Williams a total of 28 acres, and included Joseph and Rose Ann’s home. Thus, all 190 acres of the School Land—no more, no less—was distributed.

      The will of Joseph Edward Arvin was admitted to probate, and its contents were reported in The Washington Gazette on August 10 and The Daviess County Democrat on August 11. Catherine and her husband, Joe B. Williams, moved from their little house into her parents’ larger two-story home. It was the original home Joseph had built for Rose Ann in Civil War times, a painted house, and it had been their home, a wonderful home, for thirty-eight years. Now it would provide shelter for another generation.


1900 – Twelfth United States Census

Image side A    Image side B

     The census of 1900, taken on 13 June, shows Joseph B. and Catherine L. with four children under 10 years of age. John M. Williams (Joseph B’s father), age 69, and Robert Hayden (Rose Ann’s older brother), age 79, also lived with them. Notice they own the property, classified as a farm, and it is free of mortgage.

Name                     Relation   Personal Description               Nativity          Occupation        Ownership of Home
                                                                                                                         or Trade    
Owned or   Free of    Farm or
                                                                                               *                                                                                     Rented    Mortgage  House
Williams, Joseph  B.  Head     W M  Oct   1864   35 M 9   Indiana Kentucky Kentucky   Farmer         O          F        F
   ------- Catherine L  Wife
      W F    Mar 1871  29 M 9   Indiana  Maryland Kentucky 
   ------- Joseph I        Son        W M  Jan  1892   8              Indiana   Indiana    Indiana
   ------- Anna C.   Daughter    W F   June 1894  5              Indiana    Indiana    Indiana
   ------- John S.         Son         W M  Dec  1896  4               Indiana   Indiana    Indiana
   ------- James A       Son
         W M Dec  1898   2               Indiana   Indiana    Indiana
Williams John M      Father
       W M Dec  1830 69            Kentucky Kentucky Kentucky
Hayden Robert        Uncle 
       W M May 1821 79            Kentucky Kentucky Kentucky

*age    †marital status     ▫number of years married
     By 1910, the composition of the household had changed drastically. Joseph’s father, John Williams, has died, Catherine’s uncle Robert Hayden has died (Lucile Arvin tells us he was “mentally retarded and froze to death.”) Young Joseph Ivo has died. Most significantly, Catherine herself died, at the age of thirty-three, in November of 1904, leaving Joseph a widower with five children. The youngest was Susan Ellen (“Ellie”), who was only two months old. Catherine’s older sister, Mary Jane Griffin, took Ellie into her care.


    About 1911, a photograph was made at the Griffin homestead. (Did James Bourgholtzer bring his equipment out to the farm, by horse and buggy, for this photograph also?) On the left, we see Mary Ann Arvin, wife of John H. Arvin and daughter-in-law of the late Joshua O. Arvin, along with Mary Jane Griffin and her niece Ellie Williams. To the right are two unidentified Griffin women. And, in the center is Josephine Arvin McCann, daughter of John H. Arvin and Mary Ann Arvin, granddaughter of Joshua O. Arvin, with her two sons, Joseph Raymond (“Raymond”) McCann and Earl McCann. Josephine’s husband, William McCann, died in 1911. Josephine became a widow either shortly before, or shortly after, this photograph was made.

     In 1916, Joe Bede Williams, a widower still living in the old Joseph Arvin home, and Josephine Arvin McCann married. Each had overcome their own personal tragedy, and each had managed to carry on. Each brought their own children to the marriage. They formed one big happy family in the old house. In addition, this new union produced children of its own. Mary Louise Williams was born in the house in 1917, followed by her sister Margie.
Here is how the household appeared in the 1920 census:


     Joseph Edward Arvin’s original painted house, which had given its owners 60 years of shelter, at last became unserviceable and had to be torn down. During the Great Depression, a new home was constructed. It was built over the cellar of the original home, and it faced north. The old road had been rerouted to run east of the property; this orientation made more sense. During a visit in 1977, Lucile and Rosemary Arvin showed me the place, which at that time was owned by a retired dentist. He called it “Toothacres.” This home also lasted 60 years, but was destroyed by a tornado on 2 June 1990.

     In 1980, Mary Ellen Wildman, the daughter of Raymond McCann, wrote me a letter explaining all this.

    Text Box:    
                                                                                              March 6, 1980
                                                                          Loogootee, Indiana
           . . .
                 My dad grew up in the house that Joseph Arvin built
            and had his store. His mother Josephine Arvin McCann,
            granddaughter of Joshua O. Arvin, married Joseph B.
           Williams, whose first wife was Valarie Catherine Arvin, 
            after the death of my grandfather William McCann in 
           1911. They were married when dad was seven, which would
           have been in 1915 or 1916. They moved into the house
           Joseph Arvin had built and Valarie Catherine and Joseph
          B. Williams had lived in during their marriage. Joseph B 
           and my grandmother tore down the original house and built 
           another on the same spot in the mid-1930’s. I can remember
           playing on foundation rocks from the old house and the cellar
           under the present house is the same one that was under the old
                  Dad said that there was another log house located to the
           south east of the house of Joseph Arvin. It was on the same
           property and located just behind the orchard. There was also 
           a house to the north known as the “little house.” It stood 
           until the early 1960’s. My dad and Lucille Arvin both 
           said they remembered hearing of a Bob Hayden freezing to
           death on the fence outside the “little house.” Lucille said 
          Bob Hayden was a retarded brother of Rose. 

                                                                   Mary Ellen Wildman


     In 2011, Mary Louise (Williams) Lentz, first-born child of Joseph and Josephine Williams—still sharp at the age of 94—wrote me a letter. (It was she who commissioned the spectacular “Original home” painting shown above, instructing the painter to use Joseph’s 1897 photograph as a model.)
     “... I was born in the house in 1917. There were 40 acres of land. The house was a large cabin with an addition on the side. That section was a kitchen with one window. You had to go outside to get into the kitchen. As you can see from the picture, there are two windows downstairs. This was the two bedrooms. The cabin in back had a large living room and upstairs there was one big bedroom that held four beds. In the back of the house there was one screen door. We had lots of flies in the summertime. When we had company, my sister Margie and I had to cut from the lilac bush and wave branches to keep flies off the kitchen table. Haha.
     “In 1934 they built a new house. The house took one summer to build. While the house was being built, our family lived in the house north of us. My mother sold timber to pay for the new house. Then in 1942 my father Joseph passed away. My mother continued to live there until her son Earl McCann passed away in 1960. At that time she sold the house to Carl O'Connor, my first cousin (who was a dentist.) He turned it into a summer home, built a large lake in front of the home and called the property Tooth Acres.
     “I have added a drawing of the property as I remember it.”

The Joseph Arvin Papers

     Although Josephine Arvin McCann Williams was widowed for the second time in 1942, her son Earl, who never married, had continued to live with her. They became the custodians of many old documents—handwritten slips of aging paper—which had belonged to Joseph and Rose Ann in a bygone era. In 1954, Earl, realizing the historic significance of these documents, contacted a reporter for the newspaper in Washington, Indiana, and invited him to come visit and inspect them. The following summer, the reporter, Thomas E. Arvin, wrote an article for his paper, the Washington Daily Times, about the documents. (Thomas E. Arvin was the son of Thomas Henry Arvin, himself the son of Augustine “Guss” Arvin of Martin County.) The article, now historic in its own right, is the source of much invaluable information about the Arvin clan and the times in which they lived.      







                                                      BY THOMAS E. ARVIN           

In 1954 Earl McCann, the son of Mrs. Josephine Williams, told me that he and his mother possessed
some old records of the early settlers of this community. Last month I visited Mrs. Williams at her
home, and she graciously gave me the records to inspect. After I read them closely, I concluded that
they were INDIANA HISTORY, and especially that they were sidelights to early DAVIESS COUNTY
HISTORY. I felt that the people of Daviess County should know that such records exist. Mrs.
Williams gave me permission to write an article for THE WASHINGTON DAILY TIMES.
     The records consist of store records, contracts, leases, poems, and other personal items. The
letter to relatives in Hardin County, Kentucky is one that should be included in any HISTORY OF
DAVIESS COUNTY. Parts of a letter of proposal are also history.
     Joseph E. Arvin was born in Hardin County, Kentucky, [Charles County, Maryland] in 1815. His wife
Roze Anne Hayden, was born in 1825. Also, apparently she was from Hardin County. As a young man
 Jos. Arvin, and,—as well as can be determined by the papers, some nine or ten Hardin County young
men—possibly Thomas H. Arvin, Joshua O. Arvin, Richard Arvin, Sylvester Arvin, Henry Arvin, Joseph
Padison, Thomas Summars and James Horn, came “to davis county, Indiana, and each entered 40 acres
of land,” and wrote the said Joseph E. Arvin “plenty of good congress land laze on all sides of the land
which they had entered.”
     ….I advise that no one draws adverse personal conclusions as to the sobriety of the men
mentioned as having bought whiskey from this store. I have associated with many older residents of
the community, —residents who actually knew and had been at the store. They have stated many
times that it was the custom for a man’s neighbors to gather to help him with his work such as,
shucking corn, harvesting wheat, roll logs, ‘raise’ a house, a barn, or a granary, and, since the
neighbors on such occasions worked for nothing, it was customary for the owner to ‘set out’ a jug
of whiskey.
     The said Joseph E. Arvin entered 40 acres which lie almost at the midpoint of the north Reeve
township boundary line. [Joseph originally entered 40 acres of land in 1844, but it was a later property,
 the 190 acres of “School Land” purchased in 1862, which was located on the Reeve township boundary line.
      According to Arvin’s letter, he immediately began an 18-ft.-square house of hewed logs. Later
a rather pretentious house of two stories was built and in this latter house a store was conducted,
and nearby, there was a still.
About the same time there was another still some two miles from the
north Reeve township line and one-quarter mile in from the eastern boundary line [originally owned
by Henry Arvin, later owned by his son George W. Arvin
], there was a saloon at Alfordsville.
     A partial list of the people who traded at this store (Names are taken from the records) includes
many of the early families of east central Daviess County; namely [105 names listed]. It is understood
that at some time or another each of the above names had either a debit or credit at the store.
     The price of whiskey is interesting. There is page after page of whiskey sales July 14th 1844 an
E. Elliott bought a drink of whiskey for 6 ¼ c; July 5, 1839 a Wm. H. Arvin bought one quart for 18
and ¾ c
; July, 1858,  R. Nolin bought ½ gallon for 25c; July 30, 1858 a J. Weden bought 9 pints
for 50c; July 6, 1858 an H. Fagen bought 1 gallon for 45c; September 5, 1853 a G. Nolin bought
one quart for 15c; October 16, 1858 a J Grinel bought 9 pints for 55c; November 1, 1858 a C. Burts
bought 1 pt. for 5c; October 22, 1858 a C. Hunt bought 2 glasses and one pint for 10, 10 and 20c;
one quart, strong, sold for 20c with no reduction by the gallon, for 1 gallon, strong, sold for 80c, but
earlier in the life of the store it sold at 1 pt. for 5c; 1qt. for 10c; ½ gal.
for 20c, and 1 gal. for 35c.
     Whiskey was used profusely, for a certain J. Robbords bought on July 26, 1840, 3 pts. For
37 ½ c; July 30, 3 qts.
37 ½ c; July 30 3 qts. 37 ½ c; Aug. 1, 1840 2qts, 25c; Aug 17, 3 qts. For
37 1/2c; Aug 18, 3 qts.
for 37 ½ ; Aug 20, 3 qts, 37 ½ c; Aug 23, 3 qts. 37 ½ c; and 1 qt for 18
and ¾ c; Aug 28, 3 qts at 37 ½ c; and Sept. 1, 1840, 3 qts. At 37 ½ c.
     Other prominent men are down for ½ gallon and 1 gallon, but the purchases do not indicate a
drunkard….such purchases do not necessarily indicate personal use of liquor.
     On each day of July 6, Sept. 19, and Oct. 22, 1843, Elis Arvin bought 1 pound of tobacco at 14c.
     Liquids sold by the jug and grain sold by the bucket, but there is no indication as to the size of
either. This store also bought timber products; such as spokes, staves, and hoop poles.
     August 5, 1848 a pair of shoes sold for 1.75; a set of dinner plates for 50c; a set of knitting needles
for 6c; 6 yards of callicoe for 45c; and a pound of tobacco for 12c…..
     In 1849 a certain W. Arvin bought potatoes for 25c; 1 bu apples for [blank] one axe and helv for
$1.60; 1 bu of razor straps for 50c; 1 comb for 5c; 1 set of knives and forks for 1.00; 1 set of cups and
saucers for 37½c; 1 qt of whiskey for 10c; and ½ bu turnips
April 30,1838 a certain M. Cabero bought 1 qt brandy for 43x; and I doz. Candles for 18c.
     Sept. 30, 1837 M Vessles 62 1/2c for shoeing a horse.
     October 1856, Geo. Clements bought 18 lbs. flour for 18c and 2 lbs salt for 2c.
     In 1839 Jas. Phillips bought 2 lbs. 17c; 1 bottle castor oil for 25c; 1 of coffee for 25c; 2 lbs sugar
& lb of nails for 10c; ½  pound of powder for 20c; 1 ½ lbs. lead for 15c; 1 crock for 15c; 4 lbs.
domestic cotton for 50c; 2 doz spans of cotton for 25c.
     Aug. 23, 1839 Geo. Clemons bought 6 lbs. of bacon for 60c; 2 ½ lbs. lard for 25c.
     Bill to Wm. Gannaway in 1840 for making coat $6.00; to cutting vest 33c; cutting pants 38c…..
     Labor by the day—even for carpenter work—was 50c per day, but on Dec. 26, 1860 J. E. Arvin
and John Bigles made an agreement whereby one was to work other until April 1, 1861 for $6.00 a
month; from April 1, until corn was ‘laid up’ the pay was $9.00 a month.

     In slack moments, the store keeper copied a poem or two; example (Perhaps some of the older
people recall it) “God of my life and author of my days, permit my feeble voice to lisp thy praise,
and trembling take upon my mortal tongue that hollowed name to harps of seraphs sing…”

      Here is a sample of a letter. There is no heading; no signature: “Dear Miss:-I take my pen in my hand
to wright you the fact so help me god to let you know where i is in the state of Indiana and have bought
land and have pad for it…I am building a house 18 ft squar hew logs…I have better land than there is in
Hardin County…I am in hopes that we may maray with happiness…for I do depend on you.”

     The above letter, complete, is history, for it compares Indiana life with Kentucky life and the
following letter is history:-Dear Unkles Jos E Arvin has entered 40 acres of land and Thomas H Arvin
has entered 40 acres of land and our land is about 4 to 5 miles from Mount Pleasant laze southwest.
Jos E Arvin laze about 1 miles from Thomas land West Joshua O Arvin laze one mile from Jos land
laze north and we all like our land well for we think our land is first rate land and Thos land laze
beautiful and level and well timbered no running spring but stock water and my farm and Joshua
O Arvin land laze beautiful and level and a perrary one part of it well timbered no spring on it but
stock water a plenty and natures.
Joseph Padison and Thomas Sumar, and James Horn they gaining
their land, and Cathlic settlement and 1 church four miles one more in 7 miles and our land all laze in
davis county and I like first rate all but one thing and that is because I cant see enough money passing
people all appear to be frenly and you did want to know what became of Emla Mitchel she is living at
figings and I have seen her and she told me she likes her home first rate….Henry Arvin says he likes it
very well and has a good crop of corn 22 acres and tricy likes the land better in indiana than Kentucky
but she likes the people better in Ky than in Ind and I have as good cotton as I ever raise in Ky and
I have a better garden than I ever had and Mary and Roze say they like it very well….and George say
he druther live in Ky and James Arvin say so too.
In one rental agreement, the renter agrees to make 500 rails at 1/2c each – to be paid from the
crops – and to put the rails on the farm fence where most needed.
In another rental agreement,
the renter agrees to tend the farm reasonably and well to pay the owner $5 per field foot for
all land not tended.



  The property as it appears today. As James A. Michener proclaimed in his novel Centennial, “Only the land lives forever.” 

Researched and written by Robert Joseph Arvin, Jr.      
© Copyright 2011

Many thanks to my cousin Lavada Scott, who provided much research assistance, images and many family records.


  1.   John Close Papers, Louisiana State University Baton Rouge, Libraries Special Collections,
        Manuscript 1646 (
   David Herbert Donald, Lincoln (1995), p 24, 25
Thomas E. Arvin, “Finds Data on Pioneers of East Central Daviess County,”
        Washington Daily Times (Daviess County, Indiana), 17 August 1955 (Merged with the
        Washington Herald in 1964 to become the Washington Times-Herald)
  4.   Lucile Arvin, Our Arvin Heritage (1987, an unpublished work)
  5.   Arvin, “Finds Data on Pioneers...”
  6.   Arvin, “Finds Data...”
   Ninth United States Federal Census, taken in 1880
10.   Ben J. Webb, The Centenary of Catholicity in Kentucky (1884), p 415
   Rev. William Howlett, Historical tribute to St. Thomas Seminary of Poplar Neck: near
        Bardstown, Ky
(1906), p 91
13.   Ben. J. Webb, The Centenary of Catholicity in Kentucky (1884), p 414
14.   Thomas D. Clark, A History of Kentucky (1937), p 99-101, 105
   Harry Q. Holt, History of Martin County (1953), Vol. 2, p 26
   Holt, History of Martin County, Vol. 1, p 53, 59
18.   Holt, History of Martin County, Vol. 1, p 66
   Charles Blanchard, History of the Catholic church in Indiana (1898), Vol. 1, p 382-383
20.   St. Martin’s Catholic Church website (

21.   Thomas D. Clark, A History of Kentucky (1937), p 236-237
22.   Fr. Patrick Joseph. R. Murphy, St. Mary’s Catholic Church, Davies County, Indiana,
        Barr Township, Ledger II
(compiled by Mrs. Thomas J. Nolan, Miss Pamela A. Nolan,
        Mrs. Russell Baker and Mr. Herman J. McAtee from the original records in 1975.)
        Available on microfilm, number 1255704, from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
23.   Arvin, “Finds Data...”
24.   Holt, History of Martin County, Vol. 1, p 43
25.   National Archives and Records Administration, 1850 Census, Daviess county,Reeves Township, p 194
26.   ibid, Martin County, Indiana, Rutherford Township
27.   Daviess County, Indiana, Deed Book H, p 462
28.   Daviess County Deed Book I, p 160
29.   Deed Book I, p 244
30.   Holt, Martin County, Vol. 1, p 65
31.   Deed Book I, p 771
32.   Deed Book K, P 390,488
33.   Book L, p 422
34.   Lucile Arvin, Heritage
35.   Book M, p 120
36.   Clark, History of Kentucky, p 367
37.   Email from Mary Ellen Wildman, October 2010
38.   Arvin, “Finds Data...”
39.   Arvin, “Finds Data...”
40.   Anna Laetitia Barbauld,“An Address to the Deity,” in Poems (1773), p 125-130, mentioned in “Finds Data...”
41.   Clark, History of Kentucky, p 238
42.   O. A. Fulkerson, History of Daviess County, Indiana, Its People, Industries and Institutions (1915), p 273
43.   Ester Kellner, Moonshine, Its History and Folklore (1971), p 67-68
44.   National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 15, Publication T289: Pension applications
         for service in the US Army between 1861 and 1917

45.   Photocopies of the original file obtained by request to the Department of Veterans’ Affairs, Regional Office,
        Federal Building, 31 Hopkins Plaza, Baltimore MD 21201, under the Freedom of Information Act,
        upon referral from National Archives and Records Administration.
46.   Eugene C. Murdock, One Million Men, The Civil War draft in the North (1971), p 172
47.   Book N, p 455
48.   Book N, p452
49.   Fulkerson, Daviess County, p 281
50.   L. Rex Myers, Daviess County, Indiana, History (1988), Vol. 1, p 182
51.   Book R, p 353
52.   Washington County Democrat, 25 December 1885, Washington County Herald, 29 July 1911,
53.   “Jeremiah Raney,” in L. Rex Myers, Daviess County, Vol 1, p 312
54.   Book U, p 413
55.   Book U, p 421
56.   Myers, Daviess County, Vol. 2, p 380, submitted by his grandaughter Lucille Arvin Strange
57.   Fulkerson, Daviess County, p 282
58.   Book 28, p 587
59.   Book 10, p 433
60.   Lucile Arvin, Heritage
61.   Julius Cahn, (1897), Vol. 2, p 328
62.   Wilson’s Photograhic Magazine (1904), Vol 47, p 375
63.   Charles Blanchard, History of the Catholic Church in Indiana (1898), Vol. 2 p 125
64.   Blanchard, Catholic Church, Vol. 2, p 27
65.   Martin County Deed Records, Book 35, p 212
66.   Martin Deed Records, Book 35, p 208
67.   Daviess County Deed Book New 13, p 21
68.   Book New 13, p 172
69.   Book New 13, p 190
70.   Book New 13, p 190
71.   Book New 13, p 192
72.   Book New 13, p 214
73.   Book New 13, p 231-232
74.   Arvin, “Finds Data...”


Rev. Charles I. Coomes, from frontpiece of Rev. William Howlett’s Historical tribute to St. Thomas Seminary, (1906)
Many images of authentic frontier homes and interiors from Missouri Town 1855 in Lee’s Summit, Missouri
Map of Martin and Daviess Counties from Alfred T. Andreas, Illustrated historical atlas of the State of Indiana, (1876)
Bombardment of Fort Sumter (1861), by Currier and Ives, courtesy Wikipedia
The Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, The Battle of Mission Ridge and Chattanooga From The North Bank of The Tennesseefrom Library of Congress, courtesy Wikipedia
Plat maps of Rutherford and Perry Townships, Martin County, courtesy of Martin County Recorder, Shoals, Indiana
1892 Map of Loogootee courtesy Lavada Scott
Photographer’s studio circa 1893, Wikipedia
Daviess County newspaper images from the digitized newspaper collection of the Washington Carnegie Public Library in Washington, Daviess County, Indiana (
Photograph of Joseph and Rose Ann’s painted house, courtesy of Mary Louise Williams Lentz
Photograph of the oil painting, Original home of Joseph & Rose Ann, by Loogootee artist Pauline Hotz, courtesy of Mrs. Judy Walker, the sister of Mary Ellen Wildman
Photograph of Griffin barn and relatives of Mary Jane, also courtesy of Mrs. Judy Walker, from the collection of her grandmother, Josephine Arvin McCann Williams
Microfilm of Washington Daily Times newspaper article and 1888 Atlas of Daviess County, Indiana (including maps of Alfordsville and Cannelburg) courtesy of the Daviess County Historical Society in Washington, Indiana (

Arvin Ancestry Biographical Sketches