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Walter C. Robbins 
ID0005


WW 2  Timeline


 

Home Walter C. Robbins Walter Memorials Military Information   Sources Images   Links, Misc.
1919-1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 + Misc. Information
104th Inf Div Timeline 413th Inf. Reg. Timeline Army Organization
Award & Medals Battles Hospitals Maps Camps Germany   Postcard Album
1942-1945
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Walter on Memorials Military Information
Walter C. Robbins Page - Fold3.com
World War 2 Memorial web site  - Memorial Page for Walter
AAD Service Record for Walter

WW 2 Memorial - Winchester, Randolph County, Indiana
Serial No.:  35-569-476
Active Service:  1 Dec 1942 - Indianapolis, Indiana
Highest Rank:  Staff Sgt
- "Squad Leader:  Responsible for training and discipline of squad, and in combat responsible for security, safety, deployment, and general welfare of men."
European Service:  France, Belgium, Holland, Germany
Wounded:  28 Nov 1944, Inden, Germany
Hospitalized:  Paris, France and England
Awards:  Purple Heart, Bronze Star, Combat Infantryman Badge
Separation:  9 Oct 1945 - Camp San Luis Obispo, California
Duration:  30 months
UnitCo. B, 1st Bat, 413th Inf Reg, 104th Inf Div, 1st Army
S17, S33,

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Color Legend Company B Walt Robbins, Sr.

1919-1937

10 Jan 1901 Gusher near Beaumont, Texas signals the start of the U.S. oil industry - History.com,
10 Dec 1901 First Nobel Prizes Awarded - History.com,
16 June 1903 Ford Motor Company Incorporated - History.com,
15 July 1903 Ford Motor Company takes its first order - History.com,
17 Dec 1903 First Airplane Flies (Wright Brothers, Kittyhawk, NC) - History.com,
23 Aug 1904 Patent for tire chain issued - Link,
18 Apr 1906 The Great San Francisco Earthquake - History.com,
16 Sept 1908 William Durant Creates General Motors - History.com,
1 Oct 1908  Ford Motor Company unveils the Model T - Link,
20 Jan 1909 GM takes an interest in Oakland Motor Car Corp. - History.com,
   
19 Aug 1909 First race held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway (5-mile race) - Link,
   -  Race won by Louis Schwitzer - Wikipedia - Louis Schwitzer Award -
29 July 2017 GM Buys Cadillac - Link,
14 Dec 1909 Indy "Brickyard" is completed - History.com,
25 March 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, New York City - Newspapers.com, EN0819 - History.com,
30 May 1911 First Indy 500 Race Held (Ray Harroun winner) - History.com,
24 July 1911 Machu Picchu Discovered - History.com,
14 Apr 1912 RMS Titanic hits iceberg - History.com,
15 Apr 1912 RMS Titanic Sinks - History.com,
7 Oct 1913 Moving Assembly Line at Ford - History.com,
17 Aug 1915 Charles Kettering receives patent for Electric self-starter - Link,
6 Sept 1915 First Tank Produced - History.com,
10 Dec 1915 Ford builds its 1 millionth car - History.com,
19 March 1918 Walter Clifton Robbins born - Hamilton County, Indiana  S17, S33,
2 May 1918 GM buys Chevrolet - History.com,
28 Sept 1918 British soldier allegedly spares the life of an injured Adolf Hitler - Link,
14 Oct 1918 Adolf Hitler wounded in British gas attack - History.com,
11 Nov 1918 WW1 ends with German defeat  S8, History.com,
1 Jan 1919 Edsel Ford succeeds father as president of Ford - History.com,
16 Jan 1919 Prohibition takes effect - History.com,
23 March 1919 Mussolini founds the Fascist party - History.com,
18 Aug 1920 Woman suffrage amendment ratified - Link,
26 Aug 1920 19th Amendment adopted (Guaranteeing women the right to vote) - Link,
10 Dec 1920 -  Wilson awarded Nobel Peace Prize - History.com,
-  League of Nations Instituted - History.com,
1921 413th Infantry Regiment was formed in Salt Lake City, Utah [S1, p 17] -
27 July 1921 Insulin isolated in Toronto - History.com,
29 July 1921  Adolf Hitler becomes leader of National Socialist "Nazi" Party  S8,
11 Nov 1921 Dedication of the Tomb of the Unknowns - History.com,
9 Dec 1921 GM engineers discover that leaded gas reduces "knock" in auto engines - History.com,
4 Feb 1922 Ford buys Lincoln - History.com,
27 Feb 1922 Supreme Court defends women's voting rights - History.com,
14 June 1922 Harding becomes first president to be heard on the radio - History.com,
26 Nov 1922 Archaeologists enter tomb of King Tut - History.com,
   
10 Jan 1923 U.S. Troops depart Germany - History.com,
16 Feb 1923 Archaeologist Opens tomb of King Tut - History.com,
18 June 1923 Checker Cab Produces first taxi at Kalamazoo factory - History.com,
22 July 1923 Dillinger joins Navy in a attempt to avoid prosecution - History.com,
2 Aug 1923 Harding dies before scandals break - Link,
11 Oct 1923 A mail car explodes in a train robbery in southern Oregon - Link,
8-9 Nov 1923 Beer Hall Putsch   S8, History.com,
-  Nazis suppressed in Munich - History.com,
20 Nov 1923 Garrett Morgan patents three-position traffic signal - History.com,
21 Jan 1924 Vladimir Lenin Dies - History.com,
3 Feb 1924 Woodrow Wilson Dies - History.com,
8 Feb 1924 First execution by Lethal Gas - History.com,
1 Apr 1924 -  Hitler sent to Landsberg jail - History.com,
-  Beer Hall Putsch secures Hitler's Rise to Power - History.com,
10 May 1924 J. Edgar Hoover begins his legacy with the FBI - History.com,
10 July 1925 Monkey Trial Begins - Link,
18 July 1925  Hitler's Book Mein Kampf published   S8,   History.com,
21 July 1925 Monkey Trial Ends - Link,
12 Jan 1926 Original Amos n' Andy debuts on Chicago radio - History.com,
27 Jan 1926 Baird demonstrates TV - History.com,
20 Apr 1926 New sound process for films announced - History.com,
1 May 1926 Ford factory workers get 40-hour week - History.com,
8 Sept 1926 Germany admitted to League of Nations    S8,
31 Oct 1926 Houdini is dead - History.com,
11 Jan 1927 Charlie Chaplin's assets frozen - History.com,
30 Apr 1927 First Federal Prison For Women Opens - History.com,
20 May 1927 Spirit of St. Louis Departs - History.com,
21 May 1927 Lindbergh lands in Paris - History.com,
26 May 1927 Last day of Model T Production at Ford - History.com,
23 Aug 1927 Sacco and Vanzetti executed - Link,
4 Oct 1927 Work begins on Mount Rushmore - History.com,
31 Dec 1927 Henry Ford publishes the last issue of the Dearborn Independent - History.com,
11 Jan 1928 Stalin banishes Trotsky - History.com,
10 Nov 1928 Hirohito crowned in Japan - History.com,
14 Feb 1929 -  The St. Valentine's Day Massacre - History.com,
-  Penicillin discovered - History.com,
2 March 1929 Congress passes the Jones Act (Strengthened Federal Penalties for bootlegging) - History.com,
29 March 1929 Herbert Hoover has a telephone installed in Oval Office - History.com,
31 May 1929 Ford signs agreement with Soviet Union - History.com,
21 Oct 1929 Henry Ford dedicates the Thomas Edison Institute - History.com,
29 Oct 1929 US Stock Market crashes    S8,   History.com                                                                                                        
18 Feb 1930 Pluto Discovered - History.com,
7 July 1930 Building of Hoover Dam begins - History.com,
15 Aug 1930 Hoover looks to combat drought and economic depression - History.com,
14 Sept 1930 Germans elect Nazis making them the 2nd largest political party in Germany.   S8,
1 Nov 1930 Detroit-Windsor Tunnel is dedicated - History.com,
   
3 March 1931 "The Star-Spangled BAnner" becomes Official - History.com,
19 March 1931 Nevada legalizes gambling - History.com,
1 May 1931 Empire State Building Dedicated  - History.com,
26 July 1931 Grasshoppers bring ruin to Midwest - History.com,
17 Oct 1931 Al Capone goes to Prison - History.com,
18 Oct 1931 Thomas Edison Dies - History.com,
26 Nov 1931 First U.S. Cloverleaf appears on the cover of he Engineering News-Record - History.com,
12 Jan 1932 First elected female senator (Ophelia Wyatt Caraway, a Democrat from Arkansas) - History.com,
1 March 1932 Lindbergh baby kidnapped - History.com,
9 March 1932 China's last emperor is Japanese puppet - History.com,
12 May 1932 Body of Lindbergh baby found - History.com,
21 May 1932 Amelia Earhart completes transatlantic flight - History.com,
29 May 1932 Bonus Marchers arrive in Washington - History.com,
28 July 1932 Bonus Marchers evicted by US Army
16 Sept 1932 Gandhi begins fast in protest of caste separation - Link,
24 Nov 1932 FBI Crime Lab opens its doors for business  - History.com,
27 Dec 1932 Radio City Music Hall Opens - History.com,
   
5 Jan 1933 Construction begins on Golden Gate Bridge - History.com,
   
30 Jan 1933 -  The Lone Ranger debuts on Detroit Radio - History.com,
-  Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.  S8,
15 Feb 1933 FDR escapes assassination attempt in Miami - History.com,
27 Feb 1933 The Reichstag burns.  S8,
4 March 1933 FDR inaugurated - History.com,
12 March 1933 -  FDR broadcasts first fireside chat - History.com,

-  First concentration camp opened at Oranienburg outside Berlin.  S8,
18 March 1933 Studebaker automobile company goes bankrupt - Link,
22 March 1933 FDR legalizes sale of beer and wine - History.com,
23 March 1933 Enabling Act gives Hitler dictatorial power    See also - The Rise of Hitler - from Unknown to Dictator of Germany    S8,
1 April 1933 Nazi boycott of Jewish owned shops.  S8,
4 Apr 1933 Akron, the largest airship built in the US in 1931 crashed, killing 73 - History.com,
10 April 1933 FDR creates Civilian Conservation Corps - History.com,
1 May 1933 Loch Ness Monster sighted - History.com,
6 May 1933 FDR creates the WPA - History.com,
5 June 1933 FDR takes U.S. off gold standard - History.com,
6 June 1933 First drive-in movie theater opens - History.com,
1 May 1933 Loch Ness Monster Sighted in Scotland - History.com,
10 May 1933 Nazis burn books in Germany.  S8,
June 1933 Nazis open Dachau concentration camp.  S8,
5 June 1933 FDR takes United States off Gold Standard - History.com,
6 June 1933 First drive-in movie theater opens - Camden, New Jersey - History.com,
12 July 1933 First Dymaxion car produced - History.com,
14 July 1933 Nazi party declared only party in Germany.  S8,
22 July 1933 Wiley Post flies solo around the world - History.com,
14 Aug 1933 Logging accident sparks forest fire in Oregon Coast Range - Link,
17 Aug 1933 Lou Gehrig goes the distance - Link,
22 Aug 1933 The Barker Clan kills an officer in their fruitless robbery - History.com,
14 Oct 1933 Germany quits the League of Nations.  S8,
11 Nov 1933 Massive dust storm sweeps South Dakota - History.com,
5 Dec 1933 Prohibition Ends - History.com,
   
11 May 1934 Dust storm sweeps from Great Plains across Eastern states - History.com,
23 May 1934 Police kill famous outlaws Bonnie and Clyde - History.com,
4 June 1934 FDR asks for drought-relief funds - History.com,
30 June 1934 The "Night of the Long Knives."  S8, History.com,
22 July 1934 -  Dillinger Gunned Down - History.com,
25 July 1934 Nazis murder Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss.  S8,
2 Aug 1934 -  German President Hindenburg dies.  S8, History.com,
19 Aug 1934 Adolf Hitler becomes Führer (President) of Germany.  S8, History.com (19 Aug), History.com (2 Aug) -
11 Aug 1934 Federal prisoners land on Alcatraz - History.com,
16 Oct 1934 The Long  March (China) - Link,
22 Oct 1934 -  Pretty Boy Floyd is killed by FBI - History.com,
   
11 Jan 1935 Earhart flies from Hawaii to California - History.com,
26 Feb 1935 Hitler organizes Luftwaffe - History.com,,
16 March 1935 Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription.  S8,
8 Apr 1935  -  WPA established by Congress - History.com,
-  FDR signs Emergency Relief Appropriation Act - History.com,
14 Apr 1935 A major Dust Bowl Storm Strikes - History.com,
19 May 1935 Lawrence of Arabia Dies - History.com,
24 May 1935 MLB holds first night game - History.com,
25 May 1935 Babe Ruth hits last home run - History.com,
2 June 1935 Babe Ruth Retires - History.com,
10 June 1935 Alcoholics Anonymous founded - History.com,
16 July 1935 World's first parking meter installed (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) - History.com,
14 Aug 1935 FDR signs Social Security Act - History.com,
21 Aug 1935 The Swing Era begins with Benny Goodman's triumphant Palomar Ballroom Performance - History.com,
31 Aug 1935 FDR signs Neutrality Act - History.com,
8 Sept 2017 Senator Huey Long is shot - Link,
15 Sept 1935 German Jews stripped of rights by Nuremberg Race Laws.  S8, History.com,
19 Oct 1935 Ethiopia Stands Alone - History.com,
   
15 Jan 1936 Ford Foundation is born (Created by Edsel Ford) - History.com,
26 Jan 1936 So-called Mad Butcher terrorizes Cleveland - History.com,
29 Jan 1936 U.S. Baseball Hall of Fame elects first members - History.com,
10 Feb 1936 The German Gestapo is placed above the law.  S8,
27 Feb 1936 Shirley Temple receives $50,000 per film - History.com,
7 March 1936 German troops occupy the Rhineland.  S8, History.com
3 Apr 1936 Bruno Hauptmann Executed (Kidnapping & Murder of son of Charles A. Lindbergh) - History.com,
9 May 1936 Mussolini's Italian forces take Ethiopia.  S8,                                                                                                         
Top of  Page
30 June 1936 Gone with the Wind is published - History.com,
18 July 1936 Civil war erupts in Spain.  S8,
1 Aug 1936 Olympic games begin in Berlin.  S8,
4 Aug 1936 Jesse Owens wins long jump - and respect - in Germany - History.com,
1 Oct 1936 Franco declared head of Spanish State.  S8,
9 Oct 1936 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles - History.com,
23 Nov 1936 First issue of Life Magazine is published - History.com,
11 Dec 1936 Edward VIII abdicates - Link,
30 Dec 1936 Sit-down strike begins in Flint, Michigan - History.com,
   
11 Jan 1937 Violence erupts at GM plant strike - History.com,
20 Jan 1937 FDR sworn in as President - History.com,
23 Jan 1937 FDR writes letter to Baseball Writer's Association - History.com,
30 Jan 1937 Hitler formally withdraws Germany from the Versailles Treaty, including reparation payments. He demands a return of Germany's colonies.
5 Feb 1937 Roosevelt announces "Court Packing Plan" - History.com,
6 Feb 1937 John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men is Published - History.com,
11 Feb 1937 a sit-down strike ends with General Motors recognizing the United Automobile Workers Union.  Link,
18 Mar 1937 Natural gas explosion kills schoolchildren in Texas - History.com,
21 March 1937 Britain's Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin says, "I know some of you think I should speak more roughly to Hitler than I do, but have you reflected that the reply to a stiff letter might be a bomb on your breakfast tables?"
26 Apr 1937  In Spain, German and Italian airplanes bomb the city of Guernica, Spain, killing more than 1,600.  Link,
6 May 1937 The German zeppelin Hindenburg bursts into flames when landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey - History.com,
12 May 1937 George VI crowned at Westminster - History.com,
27 May 1937 the Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic. - History.com,
28 May 1937 In Britain, Neville Chamberlain becomes prime minister.
-  Volkswagen is founded - History.com,
3 June 1937 The Duke of Windsor, former king, marries Wallis Simpson.  History.com,
7 June 1937 Jean Harlow dies - History.com - History.com,
11 June 1937 Soviet leader Stalin begins a purge of Red Army generals.  S8,
22 June 1937 Joe Louis becomes Champ - History.com,
2 July 1937 Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over New Guinea.  History.com,
5 Aug 1937  Japan's government expresses concern that 182 U.S. airmen are to fly warplanes in China

Stalin's regime begins periodic campaigns that will be called the Great Purge and will kill more than 724,000 Soviet citizens, deemed enemies of the state and the Soviet revolution.

10 Aug 1937 First-ever electric guitar patent awarded to the Electro String Corp - History.com,
21 Aug 1937 Japan's war with China has encouraged China to sign a military pact with the Soviet Union. China's Communist Party senses a new lease on life.
Oct 1937 With Japan and Italy in mind, President Roosevelt calls for an international "quarantine of the aggressor nations." Isolationists complain that distinguishing between "peace-loving" and "warlike" nations is not neutrality but taking sides
5 Nov 1937  Hitler reveals war plans during Hossbach ConferenceS8,
17 Nov 1937 As a diplomat for the new government of Neville Chamberlain, Lord Halifax visits Herman Goering in Germany. Halifax also visits Hitler, who pledges his support of the British empire. Hitler offers advice on how to deal with those in India seeking independence. Kill Gandhi, he advises, and, if that is not enough, kill the other leaders too. Lord Halifax's friend, Henry Cannon, will report that Halifax "likes all of the Nazi leaders, including Goebbels." Cannon reports that Halifax "thinks the regime absolutely fantastic."
11 Dec 1937  Italy withdraws from the League of Nations.
12 Dec 1937 Japanese aircraft attack the USS Panay, a gunboat that is motoring on the Yangzi River, away from Nanjing. Three are killed and 43 sailors and 5 civilians wounded. The Japanese claim that the U.S. flag was not seen. They agree to pay an indemnity. But in the U.S., public opinion becomes more hostile toward the Japanese  History.com,
13 Dec 1937 The Rape of Nanking - History.com,
21 Dec 1937 Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the first feature-length animated cartoon, becomes a smash hit.
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

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Color Legend Company B Walt Robbins, Sr.
=1938      1938 Timeline
3 Jan 1938 Franklin Roosevelt founds March of Dimes - History.com,
16 Jan 1938 Benny Goodman brings jazz to Carnegie Hall - History.com,
4 Feb 1938 -  Hitler seized control of German army and put Nazis in key posts.  S2,
-  Disney releases Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs - History.com,
12 Feb 1938 Japan refused to reveal naval data requested by the U.S. and Britain.  S2,
20 Feb 1938 Hitler demanded self-determination for Germans in Austria and Czechoslovakia. As Hitler’s quest for Lebensraum ("living space") expanded into Czechoslovakia, thousands of Czechoslovakian soldiers and airmen escaped to participate in the liberation of their country  S2,

Britain's foreign minister, Anthony Eden, considers Mussolini an unreliable gangster. He dislikes his government sending Lord Halifax on diplomatic missions abroad in his place. Eden resigns and is succeeded by Halifax, who is to be associated with the government's policy of appeasement.

25 Feb 1938 Miami drive-in theater debuts - History.com,
3 March 1938 While searching for water, United States geologists in Saudi Arabia find a lot of oil.
8 Mar 1938 Herbert Hoover told Hitler that his doctrine would be unacceptable and intolerable in the U.S.   S2,
12 Mar 1938 Germany invaded Austria after the Austrian Nazi Party invited German troops to march in and the union came to be know as the Anschluss. Hitler took over Austria, as his mission to restore his homeland to the Third Reich, and a chunk of Czechoslovakia. The Nazis took over Austria and expelled all Jews and other political opponents from the universities.  S2, History.com,
-- Germany announces "Anschluss" (union) with Austria  S8, History.com,
13 March 1938 Germany annexes Austria
24 Mar 1938 The U.S. asked that all powers help refugees fleeing from the Nazis.   S2,
26 Mar 1938 Herman Goering warned all Jews to leave Austria.  S2,
1 Apr 1938 Japan passes the National General Mobilization Law. All aspects of Japanese life are to be arranged for the sake of military efficiency
10 Apr 1938 Germany annexed Austria.  S2,
20 May 1938 Germans in Czechoslovakia's Sudentenland are clamoring for German rule, and Hitler is supporting them. Czechoslovakia orders partial mobilization of its armed forces along the German border.
30 May 1938 Hitler tells his generals that it is his "unalterable decision to smash Czechoslovakia by military action in the near future."
5 June 1938  In Germany, an edict proclaims that Jewish doctors are to treat only Jewish patients.
17 Jun 1938 Japan declared war on China.  S2,
19 June 1938 Montana flood causes train wreck - Link,
22 Jun 1938 Heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis knocked out Max Schmeling in the first round of their heavyweight rematch at New York City’s Yankee Stadium.  S2,
2 July 1938  In Austria, nearly 40,000 Jews are taken into "protective custody."
15 July 1938 For one week, delegates from 32 nations have met in France -- the Évian Conference -- to find locations for Jewish refugees. The conference closes without success. A German newspaper gloats: "Jews For Sale -- Who Wants Them? No One." (Human Smoke, p. 89.)
17 July 1938 "Wrong Way" Corrigan Crossed the Atlantic - History.com,
22 Jul 1938 The Third Reich issued special identity cards for Jewish Germans.  S2,                                                          Top of  Page
12 Aug 1938 - German military mobilizes    S8,
- Hitler institutes the Mother's Cross (German Iron Cross) - History.com Link - Image of one brought home by Walter -
18 Aug 1938 Hitler's military chief of staff, General Beck, is opposed to going to war over the Sudetenland. He resigns.
22 Aug 1938 Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers grace Life Cover - Link,
31 Aug 1938 With others General Beck is planning coup against Hitler. They think Hitler is unbalanced.
27 Sept 1938 - In Germany, Jews are prohibited from practicing law.
- Franklin Roosevelt appeals to Hitler for Peace - History.com,
28 Sept 1938 Auto inventor Charles Duryea, 76 dies - History. com,
29/30 Sep 1938 British, French, German and Italian leaders signed the Munich Agreement, which was aimed at appeasing Adolf Hitler by allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland, inhabited by a German-speaking minority. British PM Neville Chamberlain gained a brief peace agreement from Hitler at Munich and without consulting the Czechs agreed that Nazi forces could occupy Sudetenland. Some mark this "appeasement policy" as the decisive event of the century. Chamberlain predicted "peace in our time." French PM Edouard Daladier was very depressed from the meeting. In 1980 Telford Taylor published "Munich: The Price of Peace." It is a detailed political & diplomatic history of the 1930's in Europe, culminating in the Munich conference in 1938. Taylor later helped write the rules for Nuremberg Trials. In 2008 David Vaughan authored “Battle for the Airwaves: Radio and the 1938 Munich Crises.”  S2,   S8, History.com, Hitler Appeased,
1 Oct 1938 German troops march into the Sudetenland
10 Oct 1938 Germany completed its annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland.  S2,   S8,
16 Oct 1938 Winston Churchill, in a broadcast address to the United States, condemns the Munich Agreement as a defeat and calls upon America and Western Europe to prepare for armed resistance against Hitler.
20 Oct 1938  Complying with Hitler's policy, Czechoslovakia outlaws the Communist Party and begins persecuting Jews
27-28 Oct 1938 In Germany, police round up about 12,000 Polish Jews. At the border with Poland the Jews are ordered to walk into Poland. Those who cannot walk are beaten.
30 Oct 1938 Welles scares nation - History.com,
31 Oct 1938 The day after his "War of the Worlds" broadcast had panicked radio listeners, Orson Welles expressed "deep regret" but also bewilderment that anyone had thought the simulated Martian invasion was real.  S2, History.com,

Expulsions of Jews has begun in Czechoslovakia.

Oct 1938 The Federal Hourly Minimum Wage was set at $0.25 an hour.  S2,
6 Nov 1938 In a speech to 100,000 Nazis, Hitler calls Churchill a warmonger.
9 Nov 1938 Kristallnacht (The night of Broken Glass) took place in Germany. Nazi leaders heard that a Jew had shot a German diplomat in Paris and ordered reprisals. Nazis killed 35 Jews, arrested thousands and destroyed Jewish synagogues, homes and stores throughout Germany and Austria in what became known as Kristallnacht. 30,000 Jews were sent to concentration camps. The event is depicted by Peter Gay in his 1998 book "My German Question."  S2,   S8, History.com,
15 Nov 1938 The Ministry of Education in Germany issues an ordinance barring all Jewish children from attending school. A correspondent for The Manchester Guardian writes that at the British and U.S. consulates in Berlin, despairing Jews are "begging for visas."
21 Nov 1938 Nazi forces occupied western Czechoslovakia and declared its people German citizens. This annexation of Sudetenland was the first major belligerent action by Hitler. The allies chose to sit still for it in return for a promise of "peace in our time," which Hitler later broke.  S2,

Hitler orders the release of several hundred Jews from concentration camps. In Britain, Prime Minister Chamberlain announces that "His Majesty's government has been greatly impressed by the urgency of the problem." He speaks of the possibility of Jews finding refuge in Tanganyika and British Guiana.

   
   
   
   
   
   

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Color Legend Company B Walt Robbins, Sr.
=1939   1939 Timeline
13 Jan 1939 Doc Barker is killed by prison guards as he attempts to escape - History.com,
15 Jan 1939 Gestapo leader Reinhard Heydrich sets up the Reich Bureau for Jewish Emigration to speed up Jewish expulsion.
20 Jan 1939 Hitler proclaimed to German parliament his intention to exterminate all European Jews.  S3,
26 Jan 1939 Franc captures Barcelona - History.com,
30 Jan 1939 Hitler threatens Jews during Reichstag Speech    S8
14 Feb 1939 The Reich launched the battleship Bismarck. S3,
15/16 March  1939 Nazis take Czechoslovakia S8,  History.com,  

The German army enters Prague peacefully. Czechoslovakia ceases to exist. The government of Neville Chamberlain is outraged by Hitler having ignored his promise at Munich to respect what remained of Czechoslovakia. Chamberlain now believes that Hitler's word is worthless.

23 March 1939 OK enters national vernacular - History.com,
28 March 1939 Spanish Civil War ends S8,
31 Mar 1939 Britain and France sign a treaty with Poland, promising to help defend Poland's western border.
3 Apr 1939  Hitler sends a directive to his senior military commanders, demanding that Operation White, the invasion of Poland, be ready for action by 1 September 1939.
7 Apr 1939 Italy invades Albania - History.com,
9 Apr 1939 Marian Anderson sings on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial - History.com,
13 Apr 1939 USS Astoria attempts pre-war reconnaissance - History.com,
14  Apr 1939 The John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" was first published.  S3,
30 Apr 1939 New York World's Fair Opens - History.com,
2 May 1939 Gehrig ends streak - History.com,
13 May 1939 The SS St Louis departed Hamburg with some 937 passengers including over 900 Jewish refugees. They sought refuge in Cuba, but only 22 were allowed to disembark there. No country in the Americas would take them. It returned to Germany where a number of the Jews were later murdered. [see May 27, June 4 and June 16]  S3
22  May 1939 Nazi sign "Pact of Steel" in Italy S8, History.com,
4 June 1939 The power of Jewish financiers that Hitler talks about seems to be waning. The SS St. Louis is denied permission to land in Florida after already having been turned away from Cuba. The ship is carrying 907 Jewish refugees and will return to Europe. Most of them will die in concentration camps.
7 June 1939 British King (King George VI) visits U.S. - First Monarch to visit U.S. - History.com,
27 June 1939 "Frankly, My Dear..."  Gone With the Wind - History.com,
6 July 1939 In Germany, the last Jewish enterprises are shut down.
2 Aug 1939 Albert Einstein writes President Franklin Roosevelt about developing the Atomic Bomb using Uranium.  History.com,
3 Aug 1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany - History.com,
12 Aug 1939 Movie Wizard of Oz premieres in Oconomowoc, Wisconsin - History.com Link
23 Aug  1939 Nazis and Soviets sign Pact  S8 History.com Link -
25  Aug 1939 -  Britain and Poland sign a mutual Assistance Treaty S8,
-  The Wizard of Oz Movie debuts - History.com,
26 Aug 1939 First Televised Major League Baseball Game - History.com,
31 Aug 1939 Germany prepares for invasion of Poland - History.com,
1 Sep1939
 
World War II began. The Germans attacked Poland with their strategy of Blitzkrieg, or lightning war. The war started at dawn with salvos from the cruiser Schleswig-Holstein at the Polish garrison in Gdansk. In 1989 Donald Cameron Watt authored “How War Came.”  S3S8, Link - History.com,

- Hitler ordered the extermination of mentally ill.  S3,

3 Sep 1939 Britain and France declared war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland. After Germany ignored Great Britain's ultimatum to stop the invasion of Poland, Great Britain declares war on Germany, marking the beginning of World War II in Europe. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, NZ, South Africa & Canada.  S3S8, Link, History.com,
5 Sep 1939 The United States under FDR proclaimed its neutrality in World War II.   S3S8,
9 Sept 1939 Audiences are treated to surprise preview of Gone with the Wind - History.com,
10  Sep 1939 Canada declares war on Germany - Battle of the Atlantic begins S8,
17  Sep 1939 Soviets invade Poland S8, History.com,
21 Sept 1939 FDR urges repeal of Neutrality Act embargo provisions - History.com,
27  Sept 1939 Warsaw, Poland surrenders to Nazis S8,
29  Sep 1939 Nazis and Soviets divide up Poland S8, History.com,
Oct  1939 Nazis begin euthanasia on sick and disabled in Germany    S8
24 Oct 1939 Nazis required Jews to wear star of David  S3,

In the state of Delaware, nylon stockings appear on the market for the first time.

4 Nov 1939  With the outbreak of war in Europe, public opinion has changed in the United States. Americans would like to help Britain. Congress amends the Neutrality Act, allowing supplies to be sold to belligerents.
8 Nov 1939 There was a failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich.  S3S8, History.com,
30 Nov 1939 USSR attacks Finland - History.com,
14  Dec 1939 Soviet Union expelled from the League of Nations S8 History.com,
15 Dec 1939 The motion picture "Gone With the Wind" had its world premiere in Atlanta. [WSJ later claimed Dec 19 as the opening date in NYC]  S3,
22 Dec 1939 Express trains collide in Germany - History.com,
   
   

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Color Legend Company B Walt Robbins, Sr.
=1940  Timeline 1940
8 Jan 1940 -  Rationing begins in Britain. S8,
-  Mussolini questions Hitler's plans - History.com,
10 Jan 1940 German planes attacked 12 ships off the British coast; three sank and 35 were dead.  S4,
25 Jan 1940 Nazis established a Jewish ghetto in Lodz, Poland.  S4,
Feb 1940 The Manhattan project was initiated with a research allocation of six thousand dollars.  S4,
15 Feb 1940 Hitler ordered that all British merchant ships would be considered warships.   S4,
21 Feb 1940 The Germans began construction of a concentration camp at Auschwitz. Hans Munch was an SS doctor at the camp and later reported his experiences there in detail for the 1998 TV documentary "People’s Century." [see Mar 27]  S4,
10 Mar 1940 Sumner Welles makes a "peace proposal" - History.com,
17 Mar 1940 Todt named Reich Minister for Weapons and Munitions - History.com,
18 Mar 1940 Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini held a meeting at the Brenner Pass across the Alps during which the Italian dictator agreed to join in Germany’s war against France and Britain.  S4,
27 Mar 1940 Heinrich Himmler orders construction of the Auschwitz concentration camp, near the city of Krakow in Poland.
30 Mar 1940 Japanese set up puppet regime at Nanking - History.com,
31 Mar 1940 Germany's auxiliary cruiser Atlantis launches  - History.com,
Apr 1940 The Germans sealed the Jewish ghetto in Lodz, Poland, with barbed wire. Lodz at this time had some 231,000 Jews, about one-third of the city’s population. Some 45,000 Jews from other parts of Nazi-occupied Europe were forced into the ghetto as well as some 5,000 Gypsies. Many died under forced labor and horrific conditions. Those remaining were killed in August, 1944.
5 Apr 1940 Hitler's propaganda minister, Joseph Goebbels, says in private, "Till now we have succeeded in leaving the enemy in the dark concerning Germany's real goals, just as before 1932 our domestic foes never saw where we were going or that our oath of legality was just a trick... They could have suppressed us. They could have arrested a couple of us in 1925 and that would have been that, the end. No, they let us through the danger zone. That's exactly how it was in foreign policy, too... In 1933 a French premier ought to have said (and if I had been the French premier I would have said it): 'The new Reich Chancellor [Hitler] is the man who wrote Mein Kampf, which says this and that. This man cannot be tolerated in our vicinity. Either he disappears or we march!' But they didn't do it. They left us alone and let us slip through the risky zone, and we were able to sail around all dangerous reefs. And when we were done, and well armed, better than they, then they started the war!"
9 April 1940 Nazis invade Denmark and Norway. S8, History.com,
24 April 1940 Britain begins its evacuation of Greece in Operation Demon - History.com,
1 May 1940 The 1940 Olympics were cancelled.  S4,

The U.S. Navy has moved the base of its Pacific Ocean fleet from San Diego to its naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the Hawaiian Islands. Admiral Yamamoto Isoruku, commander of Japan's Combined Fleet, describes the move as "tantamount to a dagger pointed at our throat.

3 May 1940 FDR addresses thousands of Democratic Women - History.com,
6 May 1940 John Steinbeck wins a Pulitzer for The Grapes of Wrath - History.com,
10 May 1940 Winston Churchill took office as PM. Churchill formed a new government and served as the Conservative head of a coalition government with the opposition Labor Party. The debate over the Norway campaign led directly to Churchill replacing Chamberlain.  S4, History.com,

German forces began a blitzkrieg of the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg, skirting France's "impenetrable" Maginot Line. Belgium was invaded by Germany and maintained resistance for 18 days.  S4, S8, History.com,

13 May 1940 Churchill announces:  "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat."  History.com,
20 May 1940 Germans break through to English Channel at Abbeville, France - History.com,
21 May 1940 Nazis kill "unfit" people in East Prussia - History.com,
26 May 1940 -  Evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk begins.  S8,
-  Britain's Operation Dynamo gets underway - History.com,
-  FDR makes a radio appeal for the Red Cross - History.com,
27 May 1940 British evacuation of Dunkirk turns savage as Germans commit atrocity - History.com,
28 May 1940 Belgium surrenders to the Nazis S8, History.com,
3 Jun 1940 Germans Bomb Paris - History.com,
4 Jun 1940 -  German forces entered Paris.  S4,
-  Dunkirk Evacuation Ends - History.com,
10 Jun 1940 -  Norway surrenders to Germany - History.com,
-  Italy declares war on France and Great Britain - History.com,
11 June 1940 Britain strikes back at Italy - History.com,
12 June 1940 -  Edsel Ford agrees to manufacture Rolls-Royce engines for war effort - History.com,
-  Paris on the verge of invasion by Germany - History.com,
14 June 1940 The Nazis opened their concentration camp at Auschwitz. In German-occupied Poland the first inmates arrived at the Auschwitz concentration camp. They were all Polish political prisoners.  S4,

German troops occupied Paris and Marshal Philippe Petain became the head of the French government and sued for peace. Gertrude Stein translated Petain’s speeches and hailed him as a hero of the French nation.  S4, Germans enter Paris.  S8, History.com,

16 June 1940 Marshal Petain becomes premier of occupied France - History.com,
17 June 1940 -  France to Surrender to Germans - History.com,
-  British and Allied troops continue the evacuation of France, as Churchill reassures his countrymen - History.com,
18 June 1940 Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich - History.com,
22 Jun 1940 During World War II, Adolf Hitler gained a stunning victory as France was forced to sign an armistice eight days after German forces overran Paris. France and Germany signed an armistice at Compiegne, on terms dictated by the Nazis. Alsace again became part of Germany  S4,
23 June 1940 Hitler tours Paris.  S8, History.com,
26 June 1940 Turkey declares non-belligerency - History.com,
27 June 1940 Germans get Enigma - History.com,
28 Jun 1940 -  The Republican Convention, held in Philadelphia, nominated Wendall Willkie (d.1944) for US president.  S4,
-  Britain recognizes General Charles de Gaulle as the leader of the Free French - History.com,
Jun 1940 President Franklin D. Roosevelt named Vannevar Bush director of the newly formed National Defense Research Committee to continue U.S. nuclear research. In response to a plea by scientists Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard, FDR initiated a modest program of uranium research in 1939. By June 1940, interest in uranium and its properties had increased to the point that the president created a larger organization, the National Defense Research Committee, with a broader scope of activity. He named as director Vannevar Bush, the president of the Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C. The slowly growing effort gained further impetus in mid-1941 from a startling British document code-named the "MAUD Report." Based on British nuclear research, the report stated that a very small amount of uranium-235 could produce an explosion equivalent to that of several thousand tons of TNT. Roosevelt responded by creating a still larger organization, the Office of Scientific Research and Development, which, directed by Bush, would mobilize scientific resources to create an atomic weapon.  S4,
3 July 1940 Operation Catapult is launched - History.com,
5 July 1940 U.S. passes Export Control Act - History.com,
10 July - 31 Oct  1940 The Battle of Britain in July-October of 1940 was an earth-shakingly decisive campaign (not just a battle). Hermann Goering’s Luftwaffe gathered over 2,500 combat planes for a bombing campaign that would be a prelude to "Operation Sea Lion" (an invasion of Britain). British Air Marshall Hugh C. Dowding’s Royal Air Force’s Fighter Command could muster about 650 decent fighters (Hurricanes and Spitfires). The Luftwaffe came perilously close to wearing down the R.A.F., but at about that time, a German bomber accidentally dropped bombs on London, Churchill bombed Berlin, and Hitler switched the Luftwaffe’s attack from the R.A.F. to London, giving the R.A.F. a breather. The Luftwaffe’s bombers carried too small a bomb load for a strategic bombing campaign and were inadequately armed to defend themselves against R.A.F. fighters. The Luftwaffe’s Me-109 fighter lacked the range to provide sufficient escort for the bombers, which were massacred by Hurricanes and Spitfires. The Germans knew that the British radar installations existed, and did launch some attacks upon them, but never realized how vital radar truly was in directing R.A.F. fighters to intercept raiding aircraft. In 1969 the film “Battle of Britain” starred Laurence Olivier as Hugh C. Dowding  S4, S8, History.com,
16 July 1940 Marshal Petain becomes premier of occupied France - History.com,
18 July 1940 The Democratic national convention in Chicago nominated President Roosevelt for an unprecedented third term in office.   S4, History.com,
19 July 1940 In a public address, Hitler outlines his peace offer to Britain. He says he sees "no reason why the war must go on." He adds that, "A great empire will be destroyed, a world empire which it was never my intention to destroy or damage." He says that the "continuation of this war will only end with the complete destruction of one of the two warring parties. Mr. Churchill may believe that this will be Germany. I know it will be England."
23 July 1940 German bombers began the "Blitz," the all-night air raids on LondonS4,
25 July 1940  President Roosevelt orders a partial trade embargo on aviation fuel, lubricants and high-grade scrap metal to Japan.
3 Aug 1940 Italians move on British Somaliland - History.com,
4 Aug 1940 The USS Greer is fired upon - History.com,
13 Aug 1940 The Battle of Britain escalates - History.com Link
17 Aug 1940 Wendell Willkie, a former Democrat, delivered his formal acceptance speech as the Republican nominee for president from his home in Elwood, Indiana.  S4,
18 Aug 1940 -  Walter P. Chrysler Died - History.com,
20 Aug 1940 -  British Prime Minister Winston Churchill paid tribute to the Royal Air Force, saying, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."   S4,

-  Trotsky assassinated in Mexico - History.com,

23 1Aug 1940 German Luftwaffe began night bombing on London.  S4,
25/26 Aug 1940 First British air raid on Berlin. S8,
4 Sept 1940 The USS Greer is fired upon - History.com,
7 Sept 1940 The Blitz Begins (London) - History.com,  
10 Sept 1940 - British War Cabinet reacts to the Blitz in kind - History.com,
11 Sept 1940 - Hitler Focuses East, sends troops to Romania - History.com,
12 Sept 1940 -  Lascaux cave paintings discovered - History.com,
-  Silent Film Star Tom Mix dies in Arizona Car wreck - History.com,
13 Sept 1940 Italy invades Egypt - History.com,  
15 Sept 1940 Tide Turns in Battle of Britain - History.com,
16 Sept 1940 -  United States military conscription bill passed.  S4, S8 History.com

-  Because Germany has failed to destroy Britain's ability to strike with fighter airplanes, Hitler drops his plan for a cross-channel invasion of Britain.

27 Sep 1940 Nazi-Germany, Italy and Japan signed a formal alliance called Tripartite Pact, a 10 year military and economic alliance strengthening the Axis alliance.  S4, History.com,
   
7 Oct 1940 German troops enter Romania - History.com,
9 Oct 1940 St. Paul's Cathedral bombed during the Battle of Britain - History.com,
12 Oct 1940 Silent-film star Tom Mix dies in Arizona car wreck - History.com,
16 Oct 1940 The 1st lottery for US WW II draftees was held; #158 drawn 1st.  S4,
16 Oct 1940 Walt Signs up for Military Draft  S9, S10, S11, S12, S13, S14, S17,
24 Oct 1940 The 40-hour work week went into effect in the US under the 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act.  S4,
27 Oct 1940 De Gaulle sets up the Empire Defense Council - History.com,
28 Oct 1940 Italy invades Greece - History.com,
5 Nov 1940 President Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term in office, beating Republican challenger Wendell L. Willkie along with Surprise Party challenger Gracie Allen.   S4, History.com,
7 Nov 1940 The middle section of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington state, nicknamed "Galloping Gertie," collapsed during a windstorm. In 1950 a new fortified bridge was built on the original piers.  S4, Narrows Bridge - Wikipedia Article  - History.com, ,
13 Nov 1940 Germans bomb Coventry, England - History.com,
18 Nov 1940 Hitler furious over Italy's debacle in Greece - History.com,
19 Nov 1940 Hitler urges Spain to grab Gibraltar - History.com,
23 Nov 1940 Romania becomes an Axis "power" - History.com,
27 Nov 1940 Iron Guard massacres former Romanian government - History.com,
9 Dec 1940 Brits launch offensive against Italians in North Africa - History.com,
29/30 Dec 1940 Massive German air raid on London. S8, History.com,

 

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Color Legend Company B Walt Robbins, Sr.
=1941  Timeline 1941
6 Jan 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to support the lend-lease plan to help supply the Allies. In an address to Congress President Franklin Roosevelt expressed the general world aims of the United States as these "Four Freedoms": of speech and expression; of worship; from want; and from fear. Oscar Cox had helped draft the Lend-Lease Act.  S5, History.com,
8 Jan 1941 William Randolph Hearst stops Citizen Kane ads - History.com,
10 Jan 1941 FDR Introduces the Lend-Lease Program - History.com,
19 Jan 1941 British attack Italians in Africa - History.com,
22 Jan 1941 Brits and Australians take Tobruk - History.com,
23 Jan 1941 Lindbergh to Congress:  Negotiate with Hitler - History.com,
5 Feb 1941 Hitler to Mussolini:  Fight Harder! - History.com,
12 Feb 1941 Rommel in Africa - History.com,
1 March 1941 Bulgaria joins the Axis - History.com,
4 March 1941 Britain launches Operation Claymore - History.com,
7 March 1941 British Forces arrive in Greece - History.com,
11 Mar 1941 The Lend-Lease Act was passed by the US Congress. It authorized the president to send aid to nations whose defense he considered essential to US defense.  S5, Link,
15 Mar 1941 Blizzard unexpectedly hits North Dakota and Minnesota - History.com,
25 Mar 1941 Yugoslavia joins the Axis - History.com,
26 Mar 1941 Naval warfare gets new weapon (Manned torpedo's) - History.com,
   
28 Mar 1941 -  Cunningham leads fateful British strike at Italians - History.com,
-  Land Cleared for Ford's Willow Run Plant - History.com,
2 Apr 1941 "The Desert Fox" recaptures Libya - History.com,
6 Apr 1941 Germany Invades Yugoslavia and Greece - History.com,
10 Apr 1941 Croatia declares independence - History.com,
13 Apr 1941 Japan and USSR sign nonaggression pact - History.com,
17 Apr 1941 Yugoslav army surrenders - History.com,
27 Apr 1941 German forces enter Athens - History.com,
1 May 1941 Movie "Citizen Kane" Released - History.com,
5 May 1941 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie returns to his capital - History.com,
10 May 1941 Deputy Führer Rudolph Hess flies to Scotland.  S8,
10/11 May 1941 Heavy German bombing of London; British bomb Hamburg. S8,
12 May 1941 Hitler backs Rashid Ali in his fight against Britain - History.com,
15 May 1941 First Allied Jet flies - History.com,
19 May 1941 The new 823.5-foot Nazi battleship Bismarck left Gdynia, Poland, under the command of Commander Gunther Lutjens.
Bismarck Article - Wikipedia (ON, 10/09, p.1)  S5,
21 May 1941 The first U.S. ship, the SS Robin Moor, was sunk by a U-boat.  S5,
23 May 1941 -  Joe Louis beats Buddy Baer to retain heavyweight title - History.com,
-  Lord Mountbatten, cousin to a king, sunk by German dive-bombers - History.com,
24 May 1941 The German battleship Bismarck sank the British dreadnought HMS Hood in the North Atlantic. 1416 died with only three survivors.  S5, S8, History.com,
27 May 1941 The German battleship Bismarck was sunk off France by British naval and air forces with a loss of more than 2,100 lives. British ships rescued 4 officers and 106 of the crew. A German fishing vessel was reported to have rescued another 100 men.
Bismarck Article - Wikipedia    (AP, 5/27/07)(ON, 10/09, p.5)  S5, S8, History.com,

FDR proclaims an unlimited national emergency - History.com,

31 May 1941 Germans conquer Crete - History.com,
Jun 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt froze German and Italian assets in the United States. 
8 June 1941 Allies invade Syria and Lebanon - History.com,
14 June 1941 United States freezes German and Italian assets in America. S5S8,
20 June 1941 Ford signs first contract with autoworkers' union - History.com,
22 Jun 1941 German troops invaded Russia and thereby violated the 1939 Russo-German non-aggression pact. Under the codename Barbarossa, Germany invaded the Soviet Union, the largest invasion of another country in history. In 2005 Constantine Pleshakov authored “Stalin’s Folly,” and David E. Murphy authored ”What Stalin Knew.” Both provide accounts of the invasion and Stalin’s refusal to acknowledge warning signs.
    (AP, 6/22/97)(HN, 6/22/98)(WSJ, 6/22/05, p.D12)  S5, Germany attacks Soviet Union as Operation Barbarossa begins.   S8, History.com,
29 Jun 1941 Nazi divisions in a surprise assault made sweeping advances toward Leningrad, Moscow, and Kiev. Joseph Stalin had ignored warnings that Hitler would betray the 1939 Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact. Over 500,000 square miles of Russian territory were taken in the first two months of the invasion  S5, History.com, History.com,

- Germans capture Lvov and a slaughter ensues History.com,
7 Jul 1941 U.S. occupies Iceland - History.com,
8 Jul 1941 German general's diary reveals Hitler's plans for Russia - History.com,
9 Jul 1941 Enigma key broken - History.com,
13 Jul 1941 Britain and the Soviet Union signed a mutual aid pact, providing the means for Britain to send war materiel to the Soviet Union.  S5,
15 Jul 1941 Garbo (master spy Juan Pujol Garcia) makes an appearance - History.com,
17 Jul 1941 The longest hitting streak in baseball history ended when the Cleveland Indians pitchers held NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, the Yankee Clipper, hitless for the first time in 57 games. His hitting streak ended with 56 games.  S5, History.com,
24 Jul 1941 The U.S. government denounced Japanese actions in Indochina.  S5,
25 July 1941 Henry Ford writes fan letter to Mahatma Gandi - History.com,
26 July 1941 Roosevelt freezes Japanese assets in United States and suspends relations.  S8, History.com,
   
31 July 1941 Göring instructs Heydrich to prepare for the Final Solution. S8 Link, History.com,
9 Aug 1941 President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill met at Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. Their meeting produced the Atlantic Charter, an agreement between the two countries on war aims, even though the United States was still a neutral country.  S5, History.com Link -
12 Aug 1941 Roosevelt and Churchill confer, map out short and long-term goals - History.com,
18 Aug 1941 Hitler Suspends Euthanasia Program of mentally ill and handicapped - History.com Link -
27 Aug 1941 Japanese prime minister requests a summit meeting with FDR - History.com Link -
28 Aug 1941 Mass Slaughter in Ukraine - History.com Link -
   
30 Aug 1941 The World War II siege of Leningrad began as Nazi forces took Mga.  S5,
31 Aug 1941 The radio program "The Great Gildersleeve," a spin-off of Fibber McGee & Molly, made its debut on NBC.   S5,
8 Sept 1941 Siege of Leningrad Begins - History.com,
11 Sep 1941 FDR ordered any Axis ship found in American waters be sunk on sight, in response to submarine attacks on US vessels.
    (MC, 9/11/01)  S5,
19 Sept 1941 Germans Bombard Leningrad - History.com,
24 Sept 1941 Japanese gather preliminary data on Pearl Harbor - History.com,
28 Sept 1941 Ted Williams becomes the last player to hit .400 - History.com,
29 Sept 1941 Babi Yar Massacre begins - History.com, (The Babi Yar massacre of nearly 34,000 Jewish men, women, and children begins on the outskirts of Kiev in the Nazi-occupied Ukraine.)
2 Oct 1941 Operation Typhoon is launched - History.com,
3 Oct 1941 Order is given:  Bomb Pearl Harbor - History.com,
8 Oct 1941 Germans overrun Mariupol, in southern Russia - History.com,
9 Oct 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt requested congressional approval for arming U.S. merchant ships.  S5,
10 Oct 1941 German U-boat torpedoes hit the US destroyer Kearney.  S5,
17 Oct 1941 Konoye Government (Japan) falls - History.com,
21 Oct 1941 Germans massacre men, women, and children in Yugoslavia - History.com,
23 Oct 1941 Soviets switch commanders in drive to halt Germans - History.com,
30 Oct 1941 FDR approves Lend-Lease aid to the USSR - History.com,
31 Oct 1941 The Mt. Rushmore sculpture was completed after 14 years of work. [see 1927]  S5,

The US Navy destroyer "Reuben James" was torpedoed by a German U-boat off Iceland, killing 115, even though the United States had not yet entered World War II.
USS Reuben James Exhibit - NARA    S5,

1 Nov 1941 FDR puts Coast Guard under control of the Navy - History.com,
3 Nov 1941 The order is given:  Bomb Pearl Harbor - History.com,
6 Nov 1941 Stalin celebrates the Revolution's anniversary - History.com,
13 Nov 1941 U.S. Congress revises the Neutrality Act - History.com,
14 Nov 1941 Cary Grant stars in Hitchock's Suspicion - History.com,
16 Nov 1941 Goebbels publishes his screed of hate - History.com,
22 Nov 1941 Nazi chief architect (Albert Speer) requests POWs to labor for a new Berlin - History.com,
25 Nov 1941 A "War Warning" is sent to commanders in the Pacific - History.com,
26 Nov 1941 -  FDR establishes modern Thanksgiving holiday - History.com,
-  The Japanese fleet departed from the Kurile Islands en route for its attack on Pearl Harbor.  S5, History.com,
27 Nov 1941 Jefferson seceded from Oregon and California. Jefferson was the winning name for a new state made of California’s northern Siskiyou, Del Norte and Trinity counties along with Oregon’s southern Curray County. California’s Gov. Culbert L. Olson was soon informed that until roads were repaired, Jefferson would be forced to rebel every Thursday. In 2008 calls for a Jefferson state gained steam and included an additional 5 counties in southern Oregon and 2 more in northern California.  S5,
28 Nov 1941 The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise departed Pearl Harbor to deliver F4F Wildcat fighters to Wake Island. This mission saved the carrier from destruction when the Japanese attacked.  S5,
29 Nov 1941 The passenger ship Lurline sent a radio signal of sighting Japanese war fleet steaming east across the northern Pacific.  S5,
1 Dec 1941 Japanese emperor Hirohito signed a declaration of war. Japan’s Tojo rejected U.S. proposals for a Pacific settlement as fantastic and unrealistic.  S5,
2 Dec 1941 Yamamoto ordered his fleet to Pearl Harbor.  S5,
5 Dec 1941 US aircraft carrier Lexington and 5 heavy cruisers steamed out of Pearl Harbor heading for Midway.  S5, History.com,

Russian offensive in Moscow drove out the Nazi army.  S5,

6 Dec 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a personal appeal to Emperor Hirohito to use his influence to avoid war.  S5, History.com,
7 Dec 1941 Hitler issued "Nacht und Nebel" – the Night and Fog Decree    S8,
7 Dec 1941
 7:50 a.m.
[7:55 a.m.] Japan launched an aerial attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, the home base of the U.S. Pacific fleet, and forced US entry into the war. They also attacked the Philippines, the Int’l. Settlement at Shanghai, Thailand and Hong Kong. Relations between Japan and the United States had been strained for a decade as both nations sought to dominate the Pacific. Long aware that a Japanese surprise attack on the naval base at Pearl Harbor could precede war, U.S. authorities were still woefully unprepared when 363 Japanese fighters, dive-bombers and torpedo planes sunk or damaged eight battleships and three light cruisers, destroyed 188 planes and killed 2,400 men in just over two hours. The Battleship Arizona lost 1,177 men. An estimated 900 were entombed in the sunken ship. The US lost [18] 19 ships, 140 aircraft and 2,300 [2,338] lives. In all 2,403 people were killed and 1,178 were wounded; 187 planes were destroyed and 159 damaged. The Japanese lost 29 planes and 5 midget submarines. The next day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounced December 7, 1941, as a "date which will live in infamy" as he asked Congress to declare war on Japan.  S5, Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor       S8 History.com,
7 Dec 1941
2:20 p.m
the "Final Memorandum" document was delivered to Sec. of State Cordell Hull in Washington DC. In it Japan notified the US that it was "impossible to reach an agreement through further negotiations."  S5,
7 Dec 1941 Evidence arose in 1999 that one of five Japanese mini submarines penetrated Pearl Harbor and hit at least one ship with torpedoes. In 1999 Robert B. Stinnett published "Day of Deceit: The Truth About FDR and Pearl Harbor." Edward Latimer "Ned" Beach (1918-2002), former Navy captain authored "Scapegoats! A Defense of Kimmel and Short at Pearl Harbor."  S5,
Pearl Harbor attacked - History.com,
8 Dec 1941 -  The United States entered World War II as Congress declared war against Japan, a day after the attack on Pearl Harbor.  S5, History.com,
-  Jeanette Rankin casts sole vote against WW 2 - History.com,
10 Dec 1941 Japan becomes master of the Pacific and South China Sea - History.com,
11 Dec 1941 The US declared war on Germany and Italy. Germany and Italy declared war on the United States; the U.S. responded in kind.  S5, S8, History.com,
12 Dec 1941 U.S. seizes French liner Normandie - History.com,
   
17 Dec 1941 Commander at Pearl Harbor canned - History.com,
18 Dec 1941 Japan invades Hong Kong - History.com,
19 Dec 1941 Hitler took complete command of German Army.  S5, S8, History.com,
20 Dec 1941 Hitler to Halder:  No Retreat! - History.com
22 Dec 1941 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrived in Washington for a wartime conference with President Roosevelt.  S5 History.com,
25 Dec 1941 Bing Crosby introduces "White Christmas" to the world - History.com,
26 Dec 1941 -  Winston Churchill became the first British prime minister to address a joint meeting of the U.S. Congress.   S5,
-   British surrender Hong Kong - History.com,
27 Dec 1941 Office of Price Administration begins to ration automobile tires - History.com,
28 Dec 1941 Request made for creation of construction battalions - History.com,
   
   

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Color Legend Company B Walt Robbins, Sr.

=1942  1942 Timeline       WW2 Timeline, 1942

1 Jan 1942 United Nations Created - History.com,
2 Jan 1942 Navy opens a blimp base in Lakehurst, New Jersey - History.com, (6 May 1937:  the Hindenburg Exploded over Lakehurst)
6 Jan 1942 FDR commits to biggest arms buildup in U.S. history - History.com,
9 Jan 1942 US Joint Chiefs of Staff became established.  S6,
12 Jan 1942 FDR recreates the National War Labor Board - History.com,
13 Jan 1942 -  Germans begin a U-boat offensive along east coast of USA. S8,
-  Allies promise prosecution of war criminals - History.com,
14 Jan 1942 -  President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered all U.S. aliens to register with the government.   S6, History.com,
-  Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff established - History.com,
Roosevelt ushers in Japanese-American internment - History.com,
16 Jan 1942 Carole Lombard killed in plane crash - History.com,
18 Jan 1942 General MacArthur repelled the Japanese in Bataan. The United States took the lead in the Far East war criminal trials.  S6,
20 Jan 1942 Top Nazis met at Grossen-Wannsee, outside Berlin, and there formulated the infamous "Final Solution" to the Jewish question. Chaired by SS General Reinhard Heydrich, the one-day conference was designed to address the Nazi efforts at removing the Jews. The 15 top-ranking men of the German Reich agreed upon a blueprint for the extermination of Europe’s Jews. Their "final solution" called for exterminating Europe's Jews. Until this time, the plan had been to deport all Jews to the island of Madagascar off Africa, but by 1942 this plan was rejected in favor of transporting Jews to the east where the able-bodied would become slave laborers for the Reich. SS chief Heinrich Himmler would be in charge. Those unfit to work would be, the conference minutes noted, "appropriately dealt with." This phrase was left unexplained, but there was no doubt of its sinister meaning. After approving genocide as Nazi policy, the conference attendees adjourned for lunch. The minutes were taken by Adolf Eichmann.  S6, History.com,
   
25 Jan 1942 Thailand declares war on the United States and England - History.com,
26  Jan 1942 The first American expeditionary force to go to Europe during World War II went ashore in Northern Ireland.   S6, S8,
29 Jan 1942 Iran signs Treaty of Alliance with Great Britain and USSR - History.com,
2 Feb 1942 -  US auto factories switched from commercial to war production.  S6,
-  Quisling becomes prime minister of puppet regime in Norway - History.com,
9 Feb 1942 -  Normandie burns in New York - regarded by many as the most elegant ocean liner ever built, burns and sinks in New York Harbor during its conversion to an Allied trip transport ship.  History.com,

-  Daylight Saving time instituted - History.com, 69/;[635t

10 Feb 1942 The war halted civilian car production at Ford. Henry Ford opposed America's entry into World War II until the attack on Pearl Harbor, which inspired him to begin an all-out effort to manufacture planes and vehicles for the war effort.  S6,

Japanese sub bombards Midway - History.com,

11 Feb 1942 -  The "Channel Dash" History.com,
-  MacArthur leaves Corregidor - History.com,
13 Feb 1942 -  Hitler's invasion of England was cancelled.  S6,

-  U.S. Army launches K-9 Corps - History.com,
15 Feb 1942 Singapore falls to Japan - History.com,
19 Feb 1942 President Roosevelt signed executive order 9066 that gave the military the authority to relocate and intern Japanese-Americans. The order resulted in the incarceration of more than 110,000 Japanese-Americans living in California, Oregon, Washington and Arizona. By the end of March, 1942, the Japanese-Americans were moved to 10 relocation camps throughout the U.S.  interior. The mass expulsion of Japanese-Americans from the West Coast ended on January, 2, 1945. [see Feb 20]  S6, History.com,
20 Feb 1942 Pilot, Lt. Edward O'Hare, becomes first American WW2 flying ace (O'Hare International Airport in Chicago named after him) - History.com,
22 Feb 1942 President Roosevelt to MacArthur:  "Get out of the Philippines" - History.com,
23 Feb 1942 A Japanese submarine shelled an oil refinery at Ellwood, near Santa Barbara, Calif., the first Axis bombs to hit American soil.   S6,
27 Feb 1942 U.S. aircraft carrier Langley is sunk - History.com,
28 Feb 1942 The German submarine U-578 torpedoed and sank the US destroyer Jacob Jones off the New Jersey coast. Only 11 of some 102 crew members survived.  S6,
8 Mar 1942 Dutch surrender on Java - History.com,
9 Mar 1942 Construction of the Alaska Highway began.  S6,
11 Mar 1942 MacArthur leaves the Philippines - History.com,
13 Mar 1942 U.S. Army launches K-9 Corps - History.com,
18 Mar 1942 -  Doolittle leads air raid on Tokyo - Wikipedia,
-  The third military draft began in the U.S. because of World War II.   S6,
-  War Relocation Authority is established in United States - History.com,
19 Mar 1942 FDR ordered men between 45 and 64 to register for non military duty.  S6,
22 Mar 1942 Cripps and Gandhi meet - History.com,
   
23 Mar 1942 During World War II the US government began moving the first of some 112,000 Japanese-Americans from their West Coast homes to detention centers.  S6,
Mar 1942 The US government launched its "Salvage for Victory" campaign to collect tin, rubber, scrap iron, rags and paper for the war effort.  S6,

British and US intelligence received information on Nazi plans for the Holocaust: "It has been decided to eradicate all the Jews." This was part of a dispatch from a Chilean consul in Prague, Gonzalo Montt Rivas, to Santiago of a German decree that Jews abroad could no longer be German subjects.  S6,

   
April 1942  - Japanese-Americans sent to relocation centers. S8,
3 April 1942 Japanese launch major offensive against Bataan - History.com,
9 Apr 1942 In the Battle of Bataan, some 70,000 soldiers gathered at the bottom of the Bataan peninsula during World War II. American and Philippine defenders on Bataan capitulated to Japanese forces; the surrender was followed by the notorious 55-mile "Bataan Death March" which claimed nearly 10,000 lives. 12,000 American soldiers surrendered to the Japanese and some 1000 died on the march. [see Apr 10]  S6, History.com,
10 Apr 1942 The 65-mile Bataan Death March began to a prison camp near Cabanatuan. The prisoners were forced to march 85 miles in six days with only one meal of rice during the entire journey. Some 10k-15k soldiers perished on the march. Bataan is a peninsula of western Luzon in the Philippines. It was surrendered to the Japanese in this year and retaken by American forces in 1945. [see Apr 9]  S6, History.com,
17 Apr 1942 French General Henri Giraud makes his great escape - History.com,
18 Apr 1942 First issue of the newspaper for U.S. armed forces, Stars and Stripes, was published.   S6,

The first US air strike against Japan, an air squadron from the USS Hornet led by Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle (d.1993), raided Tokyo and other Japanese cities. 16 U.S. Army B-25 bombers broke through Japanese defenses to strike Tokyo and other cities in broad daylight. The North-American B-25B Mitchells were launched from the deck of the aircraft carrier Hornet, and after striking their targets, flew on to China. 2 of the 80 men drowned. 3 of 8 captured by the Japanese were executed and 1 died in a prison camp. Doolittle later became the commander general of the Eighth Air Force. In 1943 Ted Lawson authored “Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo,” an account of the bombing of Tokyo.   S6,

20 Apr 1942 The battle for Moscow ended. It officially lasted from September 30, 1941, to April 20, 1942, but in reality spanned more than those 203 days of unremitting mass murder, and marked the first time that Hitler's armies failed to triumph with their Blitzkrieg tactics. In 2007 Andrew Nagorski authored “The Greatest Battle: Stalin, Hitler, and the Desperate Struggle for Moscow That Changed the Course of World War II.”  S6,
23 Apr 1942 Germans begin "Baedeker Raids" on England - Link,
27 Apr 1942 The 1st convoys of Japanese detainees arrived at the Tanforan detention center south of San Francisco. The assembly center remained in operation for 169 days after which detainees were transferred to relocation camps. Most of the Tanforan detainees were transferred to Abraham, Utah.  S6,
28 Apr 1942 Nightly "dim-out" began along the East Coast.  S6,
3 May 1942 -  Executive Order 9066, signed by Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt, was issued by Lt. Gen’l. John DeWitt from his headquarters in the SF Presidio. It called for the evacuation of Japanese-Americans from Los Angeles effective May 9. Some 110,000-112,000 Japanese-Americans were settled in 10 relocation camps, the first of which was in Manzanar in Owens Valley, Ca. In the Bay Area most Japanese-Americans were sent to the Tanforan racetrack where they were put up in stables and later relocated to Topaz, Utah. Soon after, the War Relocation Authority hired Dorothea Lange, a photographer already well-known for her striking Depression-era photos of migrant workers, to document the internment process. Lange's poignant photos reflected her disagreement with government policy and brought her into conflict with her employers.  S6,

-  The Battle of Coral Sea Begins - History.com,

4 May 1942 The U.S. began food rationing  S6,
6 May 1942 All American forces in the Philippines surrender unconditionally - History.com,
15 May 1942 -  Gasoline rationing went into effect in 17 states, limiting sales to 3 gallons a week for nonessential vehicles.   S6, History.com,
-  Ronald Reagan applies for transfer to Army Air Force - History.com,
-  Legislation creating the Women's Army Corps becomes law - History.com,
20 May 1942 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve.  S6,
21 May 1942 -  Thousands of Jews die in Nazi gas Chambers - History.com,
-  IG Farber sets up factory - History.com,
29 May 1942 Jews in Paris are forced to sew a yellow star on their coats - History.com,
30 May 1942 Brits bombard Cologne in Operation Millennium - History.com,
June 1942 Mass murder of Jews by gassing begins at Auschwitz.  S8,
1 Jun 1942 -  America began sending Lend-Lease materials to the Soviet Union.  S6,
-  News of death camp killings becomes public for first time - History.com,
2 Jun 1942 The American aircraft carriers Enterprise, Hornet and Yorktown moved into their battle positions for the Battle of Midway.  S6,
4 Jun 1942 The Battle of Midway began. It was Japan’s first major defeat in World War II. Four Japanese carriers were lost. The carrier USS Yorktown was hit by 3 Japanese bombs and put on tow to Pearl Harbor. It was torpedoed three days later and sank in waters 16,650 deep. The Yorktown was found in 1998 by a team led by oceanographer Robert Ballard, who had also found the Titanic and the Bismarck. The story of the Battle of Midway was told by Walter Lord in "Incredible Victory." In 2005 Alvin Kernan authored “The Unknown Battle of Midway.”  S6, History.com,
5 Jun 1942 FDR warns Japanese against using poison gas - History.com,
7 Jun 1942 -  The USS Yorktown was sunk off of Midway Atoll.  S6,
-  Battle of Midway Ends - History.com,
-  Japanese land troops on the islands of Attu and Kiska in the Aleutians - History.com,
12 Jun 1942 Anne Frank received her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam.  S6, History.com,
13 Jun 1942 President Roosevelt created the Office of War Information, and appointed radio news commentator Elmer Davis to be its head. The OSS, Office of Strategic Services, was formed.  S6,

Four men landed on a Long Island beach from a German submarine with plans to sabotage NYC’s water system and industrial sites across the Northeastern US. [see Jun 27]  S6,

14 Jun 1942 Anne Frank began her diary.  S6,
17 Jun 1942 Yank a weekly magazine for the U.S. armed services, began publication. Hartzell Spence (d.2001 at 93), executive editor of Yank, a new US Army publication, soon introduced the term "pinup" for the photo inserts of beautiful women and added the "Sad Sack" cartoon strip.  S6,

Four men landed on a Florida beach from a German submarine with plans to sabotage US industrial sites. [see Jun 27]  S6,

18 Jun 1942 The U.S. Navy commissioned its first black officer, Harvard University medical student Bernard Whitfield Robinson.   S6,
19 Jun 1942 Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrived in Washington D.C. to discuss the invasion of North Africa with President Roosevelt.  S6,
21 Jun 1942 Allies surrender at Tobruk, Libya - History.com,
22 Jun 1942 The first delivery of V-Mail was in 1942.  S6,

A Japanese submarine shelled Fort Stevens, Oregon, at the mouth of the Columbia River.  S6,

First deportations from the Warsaw Ghetto to concentration camps; Treblinka extermination camp opened.  S8,

25 Jun 1942 Major General Dwight Eisenhower was appointed commander of US forces in Europe.  S6, S8, History.com,
27 Jun 1942 The FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who had been put ashore from 2 submarines, one off New York’s Long Island and the other off of Florida. The men were tried by a military court and 6 were secretly executed in a DC jail. Ernest Burger and George Dasch were sentenced to 30 years in prison for their help in revealing the plot. They were pardoned in 1948 by Pres. Truman.  S6,
1 July 1942 The Battle of El Alamein begins - History.com,
4 Jul 1942 1st American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (WW II). US air offensive against Nazi-Germany began.  S6,
6 Jul 1942 Anne Frank's family went into hiding in After House, Amsterdam.  S6, History.com,
7 Jul 1942 Himmler decides to begin medical experiments on Auschwitz prisoners - History.com,
9 July 1942 Germans begin a drive toward Stalingrad in the USSR.  S8,
19 Jul 1942 -  German U-boats were withdrawn from positions off the U.S. Atlantic coast due to effective American anti-submarine countermeasures.   S6,
-  George Washington Carver begins experimental project with Henry Ford - History.com,
22 Jul 1942 -  Gasoline rationing involving the use of coupons began along the Atlantic seaboard.   S6,
-  Deportations from Warsaw ghetto to Treblinka begin - History.com,
2 Aug 1942 Man Murdered near L.A. Reservoir - History.com,
8 Aug 1942 -  German Saboteurs executed in Washington - History.com Link -
-  U.S. Forces invade Guadalcanal - History.com,
17 Aug 1942 - First all-American air attack in Europe  S8,
- Carlson's Raiders Land on Makin Island - History.com Link -
19 Aug 1942 Allies raid Dieppe, France - History.com -
24 Aug 1942 Brave Volunteers save the day in the Battle of the East Solomon Islands - History.com Link -
27 Aug 1942 Cuba declared war on Germany, Japan and Italy.  S6,
29 Aug 1942 The American Red Cross announced that Japan had refused to allow safe conduct for the passage of ships with supplies for American prisoners of war.  S6, History.com,
Sep 1942 Japanese detainees from the California assembly center at Tanforan race track began their transfer to Abraham, Utah, 140 miles south of SLC.  S6,
1 Sep 1942 A federal judge in Sacramento, Calif., upheld the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals.   S6,
2 Sep 1942 German troops entered Stalingrad.  S6,
5 Sep 1942 British & US bombed Le Havre & Bremen.  S6,
9 Sept 1942 Japanese bomb U.S. Mainland - History.com,
12 Sept 1942 The Laconia is sunk - History.com,
21 Sept 1942 The Super fortress takes flight - History.com,
25 Sept 1942 Gestapo headquarters targeted in Norway - History.com,
28 Sept 1942 General Arnold fights for unique bombers (B35 and B36) - History.com,
29 Sept 1942 JFK thanks Clare Booth Luce for good-luck coin - History.com,
   
3 Oct 1942 In Germany the rocket-development team of Werner von Braun conducted the 1st successful test flight of an A-4/V-2 missile from the Peenemunde test site. It flew perfectly over a 118-mile course to an altitude of 53 miles (85 km). The 13-ton, 46-foot long V2 rocket was the world’s 1st long-range ballistic missile.  S6, History.com,
5 Oct 1942 "Stalingrad must not be taken by the enemy" (Stalin) - History.com
9 Oct 1942 A Chicago bootlegger escapes from prison - History.com,
11 Oct 1942 U.S. defeats Japanese in the Battle of Cape Esperance - History.com,
18 Oct 1942 Vice Admiral Halsey named new commander of the South Pacific - History.com,
22 Oct 1942 Allies confer secretly about Operation Torch - History.com,
26 Oct 1942 The United States loses the Hornet - History.com,
29 Oct 1942 The British protest against the persecution of Jews - History.com,
2 Nov 1942 -  British Launch Operation Supercharge - History.com,
   
8 Nov 1942 Hitler proclaimed the fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall.  S6,

FDR broadcasts message to Vichy France leader Marshal Petain - History.com,

10 Nov 1942 Germans take Vichy France - History.com,
11 Nov 1942 -  Germany completed its occupation of France.  S6,
-  U.S. defeats Japanese in the Battle of Cape Esperance - History.com,
-  Draft Age is lowered to 18 (U.S.) - History.com,
12 Nov 1942 The World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal began. The Allies eventually won a major victory over the Japanese. The battle was described by Ira Wolfert in news reports and his 1943 book "Battle for the Solomons."  S6,
13 Nov 1942 US Pres. Roosevelt signed a measure lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.  S6,
   
   
18 Nov 1942 Walt Inducted into the US Army - Winchester, Randolph County, Indiana  S15, S17, S33,
19 Nov 1942 Soviet counterattack at Stalingrad - History.com,
22 Nov 1942 Soviets encircle Germans at Stalingrad - History.com,
26 Nov 1942 Casablanca premieres in NYC - History.com,
27 Nov 1942 French scuttle their fleet - History.com,
29 Nov 1942 Coffee Rationing Begins (U.S.) - History.com,
1 Dec 1942 Nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect in the United States.   S6,
1 Dec 1942 Walt entered active military service in the US Army - Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana  S15, S17, S19, S30, S33,
- Inducted at Ft Benjamin Harrison, Indianapolis, Marion Co, IN. Walter stated that he spent 2 or 3 days at Ft Ben and then they boarded a train headed west and after a 2 or 3 day trip arrived at Camp Adair, Oregon.  (Interview with Walter, n.d.)
- Fort Benjamin Harrison: No basic training here - just in and out - Was there only 2 or 3 days - were mustered in here. We then took a troop train to Camp Adair, Oregon. The trip took 2 or 3 days. The train had different seats than a regular train - no civilians on the train, only troops.  Doc0871.pdf
2 Dec 1942 Professor Enrico Fermi sets up an atomic reactor in Chicago.  S8, History.com,
4 Dec 1942 President Roosevelt ordered the dismantling of the Works Progress Administration, which had been created to provide jobs during the Depression.   S6,

Polish Christians come to the aid of Polish Jews - History.com,

8 Dec 1942 Auto Factory architect Albert Kahn dies - History.com,
13 Dec 1942 Goebbels complains of Italians' treatment of Jews - History.com,
   
15  Dec 1942  (about) Walt arrived at Boot Camp - Camp Adair, Oregon  (S1, page 17 - Basic Training.  "In November the first groups of filler replacements arrived at Adair and by December 15 the 413th numbered 3000 men, most of whom had come directly from their reception centers. It was now time to go to work. For 13 weeks the new soldiers went through their paces on the drill fields and ranges...The men had the advantage of being an organized unit instead of just so many recruits to be split up at the end of 13 weeks...After basic was completed, the 413th practiced under varied conditions, learning the technique of river crossings, assaults of strong points, and cooperation with field artillery units.")  S21,

Extract: Walter talked about the poison Oak and how most all of the soldiers got into it in one form or another. He said when someone got it they had to spend 7 days in the hospital to get over it. The only thing they had for it was some pink stuff they rubbed on it. Since you had to crawl around on the ground and move through the brush, etc you couldn't help but keep getting it - [Interview 2 July 2003, page 2, 3 - Link]

Basic Training:  Learn to shoot a gun - How to use a compass - Quick Order Drill - Hikes: 20-mile hikes and 5-mile fast hikes - Close-order drill (Every Morning) - Got up at 5am each morning, sweep & Mop barracks, make bed and fall out for Reveille, eat breakfast, then Close-order drill.  [Interview 2 July 2003 - Link]

17 Dec 1942 British Foreign Secretary Eden tells the British House of Commons of mass executions of Jews by Nazis; U.S. declares those crimes will be avenged.  S8,
24 Dec 1942 French Admiral Jean Darlan is assassinated - History.com,
27 Dec 1942 Germans form the Smolensk Committee to enlist Soviet soldiers - History.com,
   
   
   
   

 Top of  Page

Color Legend Company B Walt Robbins, Sr.
=1943  1943 Timeline     WW2 Timeline
10 Jan 1943 Soviets begin an offensive against the Germans in Stalingrad. S8,
12 Jan 1943 Soviet forces penetrate the siege of Leningrad - History.com,
14 Jan 1943 -  FDR becomes the first President to travel by Airplane on U.S. official Business  History.com, - 
-  Roosevelt and Churchill begin Casablanca Conference - History.com,
18 Jan 1943 Germans resume deportations from Warsaw to Treblinka - History.com,
24 Jan 1943 Von Paulus to Hitler:  Let us surrender! - History.com,
27 Jan 1943 -  First bombing raid by Americans on Germany (at Wilhelmshaven).  S8 History.com,
-  Future President Ronald Reagan serves in film unit - History.com,
30 Jan 1943 RAF launches massive daytime raid on Berlin - History.com,
1 Feb 1943 Japanese begin evacuation of Guadalcanal - History.com,
2 Feb 1943 Germans surrender at Stalingrad in the first big defeat of Hitler's armies  S8, History.com,
5 Feb 1943 Mussolini fires his son-in-law - History.com,,
8 Feb 1943 -  Britain's Indian Brigade begins guerrilla operations in Burma - History.com, ,
-  Americans Secure Guadalcanal - History.com,
14 Feb 1943 Battle of the Kasserine Pass (Tunisia, North Africa) - U.S. first major Battle Defeat of WW 2 - History.com,
18 Feb 1943 Nazis arrest White Rose resistance leaders (German Youth Group) - History.com,
27 Feb 1943 Mine explosion kills 74 in Montana - History.com,
28 Feb 1943 Test pilot Reitsch pitches suicide squad to Hitler - History.com,
2 March 1943 The Battle of the Bismarck Sea - History.com, (U.S. and Australian land-based planes begin an offensive against a convoy of Japanese ships in the Bismarck Sea, in the western Pacific.)
14 March 1943 Germans recapture Kharkov - History.com,
16-20 March 1943 Battle of Atlantic climaxes with 27 merchant ships sunk by German U-boats.  S8,
21 March 1943 Another plot to kill Hitler foiled - History.com,
31 March 1943 Oklahoma! premiers on Broadway - History.com,
16 Apr 1943 Hallucinogenic effects of LSD discovered - History.com,
19 April 1943 Warsaw, Poland ghetto uprising put down - History.com,
May 1943 Walt has a Furlough  [S1, p 24 "During May and June all men got a furlough"], S22, I8,

"Private Walter C Robbins who recently spent a seven-day furlough visiting at home, has returned to camp. He is the husband of Mrs. Norma Haas Robbins and son of Mr. and Mrs. O C Robbins of Redkey. Private Robbins entered the armed forces on December 1, 1942. His address: Co. B, 413th Inf., APO 104 Div, Camp Adair, Ore, US Army." (Newspaper Article, Muncie Star, Muncie, Delaware County, Indiana) - S38,
13 May 1943 German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa.  S8,
14 May 1943 U.S. and Britain plan Operation Pointblank - History.com,
16 May 1943 -  Warsaw Ghetto uprising ends - History.com,
-  As Brits launch Operation Chastise, Germans launch Operation Gypsy Baron - History.com,
17 May 1943 The Memphis Belle flies its 25th bombing mission - History.com,
18 May 1943 Hitler gives the order for Operation Alaric - History.com,
19 May 1943 Churchill and FDR plot D-Day - History.com,
22 May1943 Operation Chattanooga Choo-Choo is launched - History.com,
24 May 1943 Auschwitz gets a new doctor:  "The Angel of Death" (Josef Mengele) - History.com,
27 May 1943 U.S. Airman and Ex U.S. Olympian  Louie Zamperini's plane goes down in the pacific - History.com,
29 May 1943 Walt is Married to Norma Louise Haas - Muncie, Delaware County, Indiana  - (Walt & Norma Family Page)
30 May 1943 Operation Cartwheel is launched - History.com,
2 June 1943 U.S. begins "Shuttle Bombing" in Operation Frantic - History.com,
11 June 1943 -  Himmler orders the liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in Poland.  S8,
-  Operation Corkscrew is launched by Britain - History.com,
15 June 1943 The "Blobel Commando" begins its cover-up of atrocities - History.com,
16 June 1943 Charlie Chaplin marries Oona O/Neill - History.com,
17 June 1943 FDR's secretary of war stifles Truman's inquiry into suspicious defense plant - History.com,
20 June 1943 Britain launches Operation Bellicose - History.com,
29 June 1943 FDR writes to Manhattan Project physicist Dr. Robert Oppenheimer - History.com,
30 June 1943 Operation Cartwheel is launched - History.com,
4 July 1943 Polish general fighting for justice dies tragically - History.com,
10 July 1943 Allies land on Sicily - History.com,
11 July 1943 -  Hitler is paid a visit by his would-be-assassin (Count Claus von Stauffenberg) - History.com,
-  Operation Corkscrew is launched by Britain - History.com,
12 July 1943 Russians hold German advance in a decisive battle of Kursk - History.com,
13 July 1943 Largest tank battle in history ends - The Battle of Kursk - 6000 tanks, 2 million men and 5000 aircraft - Germans defeated by the Russians - History.com,
19 July 1943 Allies bomb Rome  S8, History.com,
24 July 1943 British bombing raid on Hamburg "Operation Gomorrah" -  S8, History.com,
25/26July  1943 Mussolini arrested and the Italian Fascist government falls; Marshal Pietro Badoglio takes over and negotiates with Allies  S8, History.com,
27 July 1943 Stalin issues Oder No 227 - Outlawing Cowards - History.com,
28 July 1943 Hamburg suffers a firestorm - History.com,
30 July 1943 Adolf Hitler learns that Axis ally Italy is buying time before negotiating surrender terms with the Allies in light of Mussolini's fall from power.  Link, History.com,
1 Aug 1943 PT-109 Sinks - Lt. John F. Kennedy is instrumental in saving crew - History.com
3 Aug 1943 Allies invade Italian mainland - History.com,
11 Aug 1943 Germans began to evacuate Sicily - History.com
17 Aug 1943 Patton Wins Race to Messina - History.com
3 Sept 1943 Allies invade Italian Mainland - History.com -
5 Sept 1943 U.S. Forces seize more of New Guinea - History.com,
6 Sept 1943 Train derails on way to New York - History.com,
8 Sept 1943 Italian surrender is announced.  S8, History.com,
9 Sept 1943 Allies land at Salerno and Taranto - History.com,
11 Sept 1943 Germans occupy Rome.  S8,
12 Sept 1943 Germans rescue Mussolini.  S8,
20 Sept 1943 British launch Operation Source - History.com,
23 Sept 1943 Mussolini re-establishes a Fascist government in Northern Italy.  S8, History.com,
1 Oct 1943 Allies enter Naples, Italy.  S8,
4 Oct 1943 Heinrich Himmler encourages his SS group leaders - History.com,
7 Oct 1943 Japanese execute nearly 100 American prisoners on Wake Island - History.com,
13 Oct 1943 -  Italy declares war on Germany; Second American air raid on Schweinfurt.  S8, History.com,
-  Poet Robert Lowell sentenced to Prison for a year for evading the draft - Link,
19 Oct 1943 Chinese and Suluks revolt against Japanese in North Borneo - History.com,
29 Oct 1943 The British protest against the persecution of Jews - History.com,
7 Nov 1943 Walt arrives at Camp Hyder, Arizona  [S1, p 18 "After a two-week stay at Camp Hyder, the 413th tore down the tents, policed the area, and moved 16 miles west to Camp Horn to begin a 13-week training program."], [S21 "Camp Hyder, Arizona - 7 November 1943"]
Images while Walter and Norma were in the Phoenix area: (See I18-I23 images on this page) - Link,
Abt 10 Nov  1943 Walt Receives a Furlough - Muncie, Delaware County, Indiana  [S1, p 18  "Northwesterns remained to spend furloughs at home while the remainder of the regiment entrained for Camp Hyder, Arizona, where maneuvers would be resumed once everyone had taken a furlough."],
15 Nov 1943 -  Himmler orders Gypsies to concentration camps - History.com,
-  Leonard Bernstein's Philharmonic debut makes front-page news - History.com,
18 Nov 1943 Large British air raid on Berlin.  S8,
28 Nov 1943 Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Teheran.  S8, History.com,
29 Nov 1943 Walt Arrives at Camp Horn, Arizona -  [S1, p 18 "After a two-week stay at Camp Hyder, the 413th tore down the tents, policed the area, and moved 16 miles west to Camp Horn to begin a 13-week training program."], [S21 "Camp Horn, Arizona - 29 November 1943"],
26 Dec 1943 Britain surprises German attacker in Artic - History.com,
1943 Walt Heart-Shield Bible - Given to Walter by Norma, 1943 - Doc0921.pdf

According to Walter on 13 Jan 2011, he kept this Bible in his left uniform pocket - and kept it there throughout his time in Europe.

Top of  Page

Color Legend Company B Walt Robbins, Sr.
=1944   WW2 Timeline, 1944 
4 Jan 1944 U.S. begins supplying guerrilla forces - History.com,
6 Jan 1944 Soviet troops advance into Poland.  S8,
18 Jan 1944 Allies make their move on Cassino, Italy - History.com,
27 Jan 1944 Leningrad relieved after a 900-day siege.  S8, History.com,
3 Feb 1944 U.S. Troops capture the Marshall Islands - History.com,
17 Feb 1944 U.S. Troops land on Eniwetok Atoll - History.com,
21 Feb 1944 Tojo makes himself "Military Czar" - History.com,
24 Feb 1944 "Merrill's Marauders" Hit Burma - History.com,
27 Jan 1944 Siege of Leningrad is lifted - History.com,
28 Feb 1944 Test pilot Reitsch pitches suicide squad to Hitler - History.com,
March 1944 Walt receives a Furlough - Muncie, Delaware County, Indiana  [S22 "He came home on furlough in March 1943......He came home on furlough again the next March."],
2 March 1944 Train passengers suffocate - Salerno, Italy - History.com,
4 March 1944 Walt Arrives at Camp Granite, California - [S1, p 21  "The tough part of the training was now over and the weary regiment went to Camp Granite, California. It looked a lot like Camp Horn, but passes into Indio, which was only a mere 150 miles away, made it seem a lot better...The stay was short. Orders came to move to Camp Carson, Colorado. Before such a move could be made Camp Granite had to be dealt with so once again the 413th set about the job of tearing down tents, policing the sands, and burning latrines in a scene that was reminiscent of Sherman's march through Georgia."], [S21  Camp Granite, California - 4 March 1944],

-  The head of Murder, Inc. is executed - History.com,
-  8th Air Force bombs Berlin - History.com,

13 March 1944 London suspends travel between Ireland and Britain - History.com,
15 March 1944 Walt Arrives at Camp Carson, Colorado - [S1, p 21 "The stay was short. [Camp Granite] Orders came to move to Camp Carson, Colorado...the Seagulls went to Carson and a garrison life with beds, hot chow, buildings, and foot lockers. March 21 found the last units of the regiment pulling into Carson in a blinding snow storm."], [S21  Camp Carson, Colorado - 15 March 1944],

Images while Walter and Norma were in Colorado - (See I45 to I56 on this page) - Link,
   
18 March 1944 British drop 3000 tons of bombs during an air raid on Hamburg, Germany.  S8,
23 March 1944 Germans slaughter Italian civilians - History.com,
24 March 1944 Maj. General Orde Wingate dies in Burma - History.com,
8 Apr 1944 Russians attack Germans in drive to expel them from Crimea - History.com,
14 Apr 1944 Explosion on cargo ship rocks Bombay, India - History.com,
15 Apr 1944 Soviets capture Tarnopol in Poland - History.com,
22 April 1944 Americans launch Operation Persecution in the Pacific - History.com,
11 May 1944 Allies attack the Gustav line in drive for Rome - History.com,
13 May 1944 Germans launch V-1 rocket attack against Britain - History.com,
15 May 1944 Germans withdraw to the Adolf Hitler Line.  S8,
18 May 1944 Polish Corps takes Monte Casino - History.com,
22 May 1944 Operation Chattanooga Choo-Choo is launched (U.S & British Bombing raids on German Railroads) - History.com,
25 May 1944 Germany launches "Operation Knight's Move" - History.com,
2 June 1944 US begins "Shuttle Bombing" in Operation Frantic - History.com,
5 June 1944 -  Allies enter Rome.  S8,
-  Allies prepare for D-Day - History.com,
6 June 1944 D-Day landings.   S8, History.com,
General Dwight D. Eisenhower launches Operation Overlord - History.com,
8 June 1944 As British and American troops meet up at Normandy, Stalin rejoices - History.com,
9 June 1944 The Red Army invades  Karelian Isthmus in Finland - History.com,
10 June 1944

-  Germans liquidate the town of Oradoursur-Glance in France - www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/oradour.htm 
-  Joe Nuxhall makes MLB debut at 15 - History.com,

11 June 1944 D-Day landing forces converge - History.com,
12 June 1944 John F. Kennedy receives medals - History.com,
13 June 1944 First German V-1 rocket attack on Britain.  S8, History.com,
19 June 1944 United States scores major victory against Japanese in Battle of the Philippine Sea - History.com,
   
22 June 1944 FDR signs G.I. Bill - History.com,
23 June 1944 Tornadoes hit West Virginia and Pennsylvania - History.com,
27 June 1944 U.S. troops liberate Cherbourg, France  S8, History.com,
2 July 1944 -  American bombers deluge Budapest in more ways than one - History.com,
-  U.S. begins "Shuttle Bombing" in Operation Frantic - History.com,
6 July 1944 -  The Hartford, Connecticut Circus Fire - History.com,
-  Georges Mandel, French patriot, is executed - History.com,
11 July 1944 Hitler is paid a visit by his would-be assassin - History.com,
13 July 1944 Soviet General Konev establishes a new western border for the USSR - History.com,
17 July 1944 Port Chicago Disaster - History.com, (An ammunition ship explodes while being loaded in Port Chicago, California, killing 332 people)
20 July  1944 German assassination attempt on Hitler fails.  S8, History.com,
21 July 1944 Hitler to Germany:  "I'm still alive" - History.com,
24 July 1944 Soviet troops liberate first concentration camp at Majdanek.  S8,
1 Aug 1944 Warsaw Revolt Begins - History.com,
4 Aug 1944 Anne Frank and family arrested by the Gestapo in Amsterdam, Holland.  S8 History.com,
5 Aug 1944 Hundreds of Jews are freed from forced labor in Warsaw, Poland - History.com,
7 Aug 1944 Volkswagen halts production during World War 2 - History.com,
   
   
11 Aug 1944 Walt and Company B arrives at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey - [S1, p 25    selected as advance guard - with little warning sent for "an East Coast Staging Area" on 13 Aug 1944 trains carried the rest of the 413th to Camp Kilmer, NJ for final processing.],
13 August 1944 Walt Trains to Camp Kilmer, New Jersey - Final Processing - Moved to New York City - [S1, p 25 ]- Co. B had 5 or 6 passes vs. 10 or 12 for the others because they came earlier],
20 Aug 1944 Brits launch Operation Wallace and aid French Resistance - History.com,
21 Aug 1944 The seeds of the United Nations are Planted - History.com,
22 Aug 1944 Romania captured by the Soviet Union   - History.com,
25 Aug 1944 Paris is Liberated - History.com,
26 Aug 1944 DeGaulle enters a free Paris - History.com,
26 August 1944 Walt 413th rode coaches to New York Harbor to Pier 34, South Brooklyn - [S1, p 25]
25 Aug 1944 Liberation of Paris.   S8, History.com,
26 Aug 1944 DeGaulle enters a free Paris - History.com,
27 Aug 1944
(Sunday)
Walt leaves the U.S. for the European Theater - [S17, Box 36],  [S1, p 26  Sunday, about Noon the USS LeJeune left the dock]
28 Aug 1944
(Monday)
Walt  On the Atlantic - [S1, p 26  Heavy weather, rough waters, lots of sick soldiers] -
   
-- USS LeJeune - Registered at 18,000 tons - capable of making 22 knots
    -- "Ships in the convoy went through intricate criss-crossing maneuvers several times daily."
    -- "Off Lands End, England, the only submarine scare of the trip took place.  Concussion waves from depth charges slammed into the side of the Ship [LeJeune] but no results were observed…"
    -- Destination of the LeJeune was unknown until the ship captain announced it was to be Cherbourg, France.
- Dad told about seeing a whale come up out of the water in the Atlantic - He said the whale came up showing its head and then its tail and then it spouted water -  Link

- Dad's perspective of the storm - Doc0874.pdf
31 Aug 1944 The British cross the Gothic Line - History.com,
2 Sept 1944 Future President George H. W. Bush and his squadron attacked -  History.com,
6 Sept 1944 Italian resistance fighters persevere - History.com,
7 Sept 1944 Walt USS LeJeune arrives at Cherbourg, France - S1 p 26-27S17,
Walt French Phrase Book:  .pdf - Album (Carried by Walt)
    -- 413th Seagulls were the first American troops to land on the continent directly from the US
    --
Regiment was loaded onto flat barges and rode to shore - it was raining - Men stood up in the trucks as they rode through the countryside toward the city of Valognes "J" section of the Normandy staging area -
        Pup tents were erected.

WaltLife at "J" Area -  [S1, p 27] -                                                                                                    
    -- Light training
    -- Lots of Speculation
    -- Each Company set up in a separate field separated by hedgerows serving as fences
    -- No towns were close to the area
    -- Division Band and USO shows
    -- French cider and Calvados
    -- Daily 5 mile forced marches

13 Sept 1944 U.S. troops reach the Siegfried Line.  S8,
14 Sept 1944 Americans launch Operation Stalemate  History.com,
17 Sept 1944 Operation Market Garden begins (Allied airborne assault on Holland).  S8,
23 Sept 1944 FDR defends his dog Fala - History.com,
26 Sept 1944 Walt:  March from "J" area to another bivouac near Barneville, France - 32 miles -- 413th set up in apple orchards - constantly policing for fallen apples - 2 ten-mile hikes per week [S1, p 27] -Walter stated the orchard was approximately 20 or 30 acres and all the trees, with the exception of one, were used to make Cider.  The troops dug a hole about 20 x 30 x 10 feet to throw the apples.  The owner of the orchard was quite upset because of his lost apples - he wanted to make cider - the Army finally allowed him to retrieve his apples.  Walter thought they camped there 2 or 3 weeks.  S25,
    -- All the troops had to participate in mine removal on the beach as part of their training - 
[S1, p 28] -
    -- "17 miles off the coast lay the Channel Islands, still occupied by some 25,000 German Troops.  The 413th didn't bother them, and they left the 413th alone too." 
[S1, p 28]

Allies slaughtered by Germans in Arnhem - History.com,

   
1 Oct 1944 Experiments begin on homosexuals at Buchenwald - History.com,
2 Oct 1944 Warsaw Uprising Ends - History.com,
4 Oct 1944 Ike warns of the risk of "Shell Shock" - History.com,
9 Oct 1944 Churchill and Stalin Confer - History.com,
10 Oct 1944 800 children are gassed to death at Auschwitz - History.com,
14 Oct 1944 "The Desert Fox" (German General Erwin Rommel) commits suicide - History.com,
15 Oct 1944 Walt:  Night march to La Haye Du Puits - Loaded into 40 & 8 boxcars - stopped 4 hours in St Lo - rolled right through Paris - [S1, p 28] -
--
In Northern France one of the boxcars jumped the track and several men were injured - most of the others slept through the wreck unharmed -  [S1, p 29] -
-- In Belgium - bivouacked at night, in the rain, near Michelin-Malines - Population of 75,000 - not touched by shells or bombs - troops were there 2 days and nights. 
[S1, p 29]
-- Several Seagulls went to "off limits" Brussels  [S1, p 29]
20 Oct 1944 Walt:  413th moved into Belgium - S24, S1 p 28-29
MacArthur Returns, U.S. forces land at Leyte Island in the Philippines - History.com,
-  Natural gas explosions rock Cleveland - History.com,
   
23 Oct 1944 Walt:  The train moved on -  [S1, p 29] -
-- "[413th] moves from its bivouac, and advances via Brecht, to occupy positions in Wuustwezel, Loenhout and partially Meer, and completes relief of the 56th British Infantry Brigade by 1700."  S24,

413th to serve with the 1st Canadian Army -    -
-- Picked up by Polish soldiers driving British trucks with Canadian marks and rolling on US tires  [S1, p 29] - "The primary mission of the 1st Canadian Army was to clear the northern approaches to Antwerp" -
 "While the British Infantry reduced the stubborn German stronghold on Walcheren Island in one of he bloodiest assaults of the entire war…" - "…the Canadian Army set out to throw the Germans back north of the Maas estuary." - "If these two objectives could be attained, Antwerp, the largest port on the European continent, would be cleared as a supply base for all Allied armies on the Western Front." - "The American breakthrough from Normandy had halted in the western fringes of the Siegfried Line for lack of supplies." - The 413th relieved the 56th Brigade of the 49th British Inf. Div. (Polar Bears) - 413th, 1st Battalion captured the first Reg. German prisoner - The next day the 413th took its first town – Trek, Belgium - by I Co.   [S1, p 33]  

25 Oct 1944 First kamikaze attack of the war begins - History.com,
26 Oct 1944  (Thursday) Walt Moving toward Zundert, Holland with 3rd Battalion on the left and the 2nd on the right with the 1st in reserve - [S1, p 34] - S24,

Battle of Leyte Gulf ends - History.com,

28 Oct 1944 (Saturday)

Walt:  "spent in an assembly area in and around Zundert, preparing for further advances;"  Most Seagulls had been blooded - knew when to duck and could tell the difference between an American and a German machine gun - Trench foot training now made sense - they were wet all the time -  [S1, p 34] -
S16, ("Canals of Holland")

Trench Foot - Wikipedia Article   | 

Walt Holland Canals:
The canals in Holland were about waist or chest deep and we had to wade in them because we were pinned down by a German tank for about 2 or 3 days. We were wet and cold and could not get dry - this is where we all got trench foot. You could not dig foxholes in the ground because the area was below sea level. We did dig our foxholes in the mounds of dirt along the canals. This was dirt piled up when they dug the canals  (Interview 1 Sept 2005)

The Houses and barns in Holland were built together, very clean people. There were canals everywhere. Lots of little ones and the big ones that fed the little ones. There were lots of big windmills that was used to grind feed and generate electricity.  (Interview 2 July 2003 - Doc0871.pdf)

29 Oct 1944
(Sunday)
Co. B "1st Battalion moved up near Rijsbergen on the Breda Road to protect the Division's right flank while the 104th and the 1st Polish Armored drove for the highway center at Breda"   
--
1st Btn. Was called upon to crack a strongpoint at a roadblock 600 yds. outside of Rijsbergen. - caught their first shelling but no causalities
-- "Schu Mines caused the btn. First serious causalities."
    -- "Men from A and B companies rolled into ditches only to be blown up on buried mines." - 17 men were treated with feet injured or blown off during the evening of their first day of real action
-- 1st Btn. "took off by moonlight and moved over 1000 yards through turnip and sugar beet fields behind a rolling barrage." - "By 0430 the battalion was on its objective and had dug in."
-- "The whole regiment [1st] then moved to bivouac areas in the vicinity of Seep, Holland to assemble of for the assault crossing of the Mark River...The regiment just dug in and waited ..."
[S1, p 35] -
25 Oct 1944 First kamikaze attack of the war begins - Link,
26 Oct 1944 - The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends - History.com
- The United States loses the Hornet - History.com,
30 Oct 1944 Last use of gas chambers at Auschwitz.  S8,
2 Nov 1944 (Wednesday) WaltCo. B:  Wednesday evening - Marched to the assembly area - "2nd battalion was to spearhead the crossing [of the Mark River] with the 1st in support and the 3rd in reserve" - [S1, p 35] - "The artillery… by more than 120 British and American guns…concentrated on the town of Standardbuiten, some 200 yards across the river; Cannon company threw 600 rounds into town between 2000 and 2100." [S1, p 37] - "At 2100 the 2nd battalion jumped off" - "The whole area between the Mark River and the Maas estuary… is completely flat.  Each farmer's field is bounded by ditches. ...  everyone was wet to the skin all the time… Constant sniper fire, …kept the doughboys pinned to their foxholes when not actually attacking." - "Trench foot was almost inevitable"    - Some men tried to warm themselves by burning buildings or setting straw piles on fire but snipers and booby-trapped straw piles discouraged them.  "Many short range skirmishes occurred between Americans on one side of a dike And Germans on the other.  Once a German company attempting to outflank A company walked straight into the guns of Company B and were cut down in heaps as B's riflemen and attached D company machine gunners opened up on them at 30 yards range." [S1, p 38]
4 Nov 1944 
(Friday)
Walt:  "The northern approaches to Antwerp were clear and the Seagulls moved back to the foxholes they had dug in the assembly area near Seppe, Holland." - Holland had cost the regiment 1400 casualties -- 673 killed, wounded, and missing; the remainder evacuated with Trench foot, diarrhea, and chest ailments." - "The German casualties inflicted by the 413th were far greater than those the Seagulls had suffered" - "For physical roughness, nothing the outfit would meet later would be as bad; only Putzlohn, Inden, and Lamersdorf would be more bloody." - "Replacements were picked up and the regiment was deemed ready to enter the fray again."  [S1, p 40]

Gen. Sir John Dill dies - History.com,
7 Nov 1944 
(Monday)
Walt:  413th enters Germany  S24Pocket Guide to Germany -

FDR elected a record fourth time - History.com,

Soviet master spy ( Richard Sorge) is hanged by the Japanese - History.com,

9 Nov 1944  (Wednesday) Walt 413th relieved... the 19th Regiment of the First Infantry Division...had held defensive positions a short distance east of the battered city [Aachen] - "The men moved into the pillboxes and wrecked houses which were to be their homes for the next week, they were aware that the positions were not suitable for a rest cure." - German direct fire weapons continually bounced armor-piercing rounds off the reinforced concrete emplacements, … With all this, the scheduled relief was accomplished without a single casualty." - " 'Ravell's B' -- an area so named by the 18th Infantry -- was occupied by the 1st Battalion;" - "Life on the line was nerve-wracking… Extensive minefields had been laid …by both the Americans and the Germans…" - "Everyone experienced 'pillbox fever' to some extent.  Living conditions in the pillboxes…were cramped; squads were often isolated for days and the constant incoming artillery, coupled with the monotony of seeing the same faces day in and day out, soon brought nerves to a raw edge." - "Since the area was under observation by day and frequented by German Patrols at night, it was impossible to bring hot chow up to the line and the men already pretty well beaten up from the rugged existence in Holland, soon fell sick in large numbers." - "Diarrhea and trench-foot were the main complaints.  Battalions evacuated 20 men a day with trench-foot and would have sent back many more if a quota system had not been established." - "…plans were afoot for a large offensive which would continue the First Army's advance into Germany." - "Field Order 10 directed that the regiment would attack on the left flank of the division's zone of action.  The Seagulls were to keep contact with the 30th Infantry Division on the north.  That was all there was to the order..""A verbal order came through which tentatively set November 11 as the day for the jump off." - "The 413th was assigned a series of five objectives which was to take it about seven miles northeast and would terminate at a town called Inden."  [S1, p 43]

Siegfried Line  -

Aachen, Germany - Some generic videos in 1944 - 29 Oct 1944 - 1944 - 31 Oct 1944 - 1944 - 1944 -
 -

12 Nov 1944 Brits sink the German battleship Tirpitz - History.com,
16 Nov 1944 (Wednesday) Walt:  The attack would begin at 1245 - [S1, p 44] - The day dawned clear and cool - "The 1st Battalion was to withdraw from its positions to facilitate support of the 2nd and 3rd Battalions which were to attack directly from their positions." - "Shortly after 1100 close support raids by fighter planes and large-scale attack by 1500 medium and heavy bombers helped to clear the way for the ground attack." - "While the other battalions buttoned up for the night, the supporting 1st Battalion marched to Eilendorf.  The 1st was being marched hither and yon as reserve unit for the division."  [S1, p 45] -
17 Nov 1944 (Thursday) Walt:  "… the assault battalions again jumped off to secure the Verlautenheide area and finish off the remaining pillboxes… the pillboxes were empty" - next objectives were Rohe and Helrath. - The villages of Wambach and Weiden had to be secured before Rohe and Helrath could be approached.  [S1, p 45]
19 Nov 1944
(Saturday)
Walt:  "The 2nd and 3rd Battalions jumped into the attack at 0800….advance was steady …. Within two hours Wambuch and Weiden were ours ... took 60 prisoners out of Weiden." - A Company - "Supported by one platoon of tanks, A company alone entered the town of Helrath at dusk and by nightfall had gained the central intersection of the town." - "During the night, the enemy infiltrated behind the lines and cut off A company from the rest of the battalion." - "With the coming of daylight, the rest of the battalion moved into the beleaguered town and systematically cleared it in a series of bitterly fought house-to-house battles.  Shortly after noon the town was sewed up,…"  [S1, p 46]

Walt1st Battalion:  Headed for Durwiss "in a daylight attack across almost a thousand yards of open, muddy fields.  The companies shouldered their way into town through a terrific volume of mortar, machine gun, artillery, and small arms fire.  Company A suffered its heaviest causalities in the half hour before entering town; B Company, which also got pinned down, lost almost a platoon.  German observers hiding in a bypassed shed on the lip of an immense open coal pit at the edge of town had obtained perfect fire on the approaching 1st Battalion." - "Durwiss was buttoned up only after eery skirmishes in the reinforced cellars and connecting tunnels which had served as air raid shelters and barracks for the German defenders."  [S1, p 46]

20 Nov 1944

French troops drive through the Beffort Gap to reach the Rhine   S8,

23 Nov 1944 (Wednesday) Walt:  "… the enemy strengthened his lines around Putzlohn.  The 1st Battalion was ordered to replace the battered 3rd Battalion.  Company B, guided by Sgt Smith of K company, marched in the dark to Putzlohn, passing through the enemy lines without incident. At the same time a German company marched through the streets of Putzlohn without accident because K Company thought that it was B Company.  Company B buttoned up in one large house until dawn when the two companies succeeded in mopping up the town." - "For three days the 1st Battalion remained in position in and around Putzlohn, protecting the right flank of the 414th as it advanced on Weisweiler… After a few days rest, the 3rd Battalion returned to Putzlohn and the 1st Battalion went to Durwiss. During this comparatively slack period, much needed replacements came into the line companies and reorganization took place." - All for the purpose of setting up the next play, the 1st Battalion moved to the outskirts of Lohn and the 3rd Battalion stayed in Putzlohn.  All hell was about to break loose."  - "The 2nd Battalion was ordered to march up to Frenz through Weisweiler and attack the river town of Lamersdorf before the 1st Battalions attack on Inden jumped off, but plans were changed and the two battalions launched their attacks simultaneously." - "… by mid-afternoon on the third day of the attack, the 2nd Battalion had reached the center of town." [Lamersdorf] "… and by 2130 advance patrols of G company had penetrated to the northern edge of town…The Jerries withdrew their remaining forces… the 2nd Battalion had secured Lamersdorf." [S1, p 46] - [S40]
24 Nov 1944 U.S. B-29s raid Tokyo - History.com,
28 Nov 1944 (Monday)
 
Walt Wounded in action - [S17, box 34]
"…the 1st Battalion moved out of positions near Lohn to attack the town of Inden and to secure a bridgehead across the Inde River." - "At 0430, under cover of darkness, the battalion passed through elements of the 120th Infantry and started to slosh through the muddy fields lying to the north of town." - "The lead unit, Company C, managed to slip into the northern portion of town unobserved, but B Company was discovered and was subjected to heavy machine gun, mortar, and small arms fire which pinned it down on open ground outside of town." - "The battalion's plan of attack had been to move directly east in a column of companies until the lead company crossed "Highway 56' which lead northward from the town of Inden, whereupon the two leading companies were to make a turn to the right to enter Inden abreast, C company on the left of the highway and B Company on the right." - "However, in the darkness C Company lead off ahead of B, the element of surprise was lost, and B company was pinned down about 50 yards from the edge of town even though a heavy rolling barrage had preceded both companies all the way." - "Company A, which was to follow B company by approximately 500 yards, ran into difficulty in the hills outside of town." - By this time our barrage on Inden had lifted, but the 30th Division's barrage on Altdorf was still in progress.  Several buildings were burning in Altdorf and the church steeple stood out in the glow.  Altdorf lay to the left of Inden and A company, thinking that the church steeple was in Inden, went toward it.  A few hundred yards out of town A Company spotted some troops that they thought were
B Company men and called to them.  The troops turned out to be Jerries and their answer was a hail of burp gun, machine gun, and SP fire.  After a tough skirmish, A company knocked out the machine guns, forced the SP to withdraw, and went on into what they still thought was Inden.  So A company entered Altdorf, one kilometer north of Inden, and joined elements of the 120th Infantry which were attacking the town." - "Previous aerial bombardment had reduced Inden to rubble and had knocked out four enemy tanks.  There were, however, many more panzerwagons rumbling through the town, and C Company battled furiously all day." - Inden was not a country village; it was a small city, which had had a pre-war population of approximately 10,000.  Most of the town was on the west side of the Inde River and it was one of the few remaining bridgeheads left the Germans.  The enemy was making preparations for a large-scale counteroffensive in the Aachen sector; Inden held a heavy concentration of enemy troops and armor and orders were to hold the town at all costs." - "Company A remained in Altdorf all the first day.  Company B could not enter Inden and was forced to pull back and dig in on a rear-slope defense outside the town The third platoon of C Company reached the center of town and the second platoon seized the northern most bridge across the river.  The third platoon of C Company was counterattacked soon after reaching the center of town.  The counterattack consisted of Jerry infantry and three tanks; Pfc. Frank Moralez, armed only with an M1 rifle with grenade launcher, took it upon himself to [S1, p 61] repulse the attack.  His self-appointed mission was accomplished, but Pfc. Moralez was killed doing it.  He was awarded the DSC posthumously for this action." - "Under cover of darkness, A company moved south to Inden and began the relief of elements of C Company.  The first platoon of c company moved to a factory and reinforced C Company's second platoon."   - "Battered B Company received orders that it would be relieved by Company I and so withdrew to Lohn to reorganize.  Company I moved out to relieve B Company, thinking that it was still in Inden.  The company commander and two-thirds of the company ended up in Altdorf.  One platoon leader who had studied his maps managed to get his platoon into Inden."  [S1, p 62

Wikimedia.org Link - Inden, Germany

Walter had suffered a shrapnel wound to his left forearm.  The scar is 2 to 3 inches in length and is centered on the bottom part of his forearm.  [S26]

The shrapnel came from a German hand grenade "They were long like a pipe but bigger on one end and they could throw them a long way" [S27"Potato Masher"  .

The Germans had a machine gun nest and were firing tracer bullets over their heads - Dad thought he could get close enough to throw a grenade at the machine gun but before he could throw it he was hit with shrapnel.  [Interview with Walter C. Robbins, Sr., 22 March 2010]

What did they do for you on the field after you were wounded? They had a little brown tablet, they'd give you that and a shot of Penicillin.  [Interview, 2 July 2003, Doc0871.pdf]

Aft 28 Nov 1944 Walt moved to the 48th General Hospital in Paris, France [S17, box 32] -
- The hospital was downtown Paris - all male nurses - Was there 2 or 3 weeks and then sent to England -

Hospitals

1 Dec 1944 Stettinius succeeds Hull as Sec. of State (U.S.) - History.com,
3 Dec 1944 Civil War breaks out in Athens - History.com,
9 Dec 1944 Walt is awarded the Purple Heart at the 48th General Hospital  [S17, box 33] - Doc0934.pdf -
15 Dec 1944 Bandleader Glenn Miller disappears over the English Channel - History.com,
16-27 Dec 1944 Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes.  S8, Walter's perspective - History.com,
 
17 Dec 1944

-  US approves end to internment of Japanese Americans - History.com,
-  Waffen SS murder 81 US POWs at Malmedy - www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/malmedy.htm

20 Dec 1944 Walt receives the Combat Infantry Badge  [S17, box 33]
  Walt Earns Bronze Star - Not received until 2004 -
23 Dec 1944 The execution of Eddie Slovik is authorized - History.com,
26 Dec 1944 -  Patton relieves Bastogne. History.com,
-  Britain surprises German attacker in the Arctic - History.com,
27 Dec 1944 FDR seizes control of Montgomery Ward - History.com,
28 Dec 1944 Walt's first son born -
31 Dec 1944 Hungary declares war on Germany - History.com,
   
   

Top of  Page

Color Legend Company B Walt Robbins, Sr.
=1945   WW2 Timeline, 1945
1-17 Jan 1945 Germans withdraw from the Ardennes. S8,
3 Jan 1945 MacArthur and Nimitz given new commands - History.com,
5 Jan 1945 -  Japanese Kamikaze pilots get first order - History.com,
-  Soviets recognize pro-Soviet Polish Provisional Government - History.com,
6 Jan 1945 Monty holds a press conference - History.com,
   
9 Jan 1945 U.S. Invades Luzon in Philippines - History.com,
11 Jan 1945 Truce signed in Greek Civil War - History.com,
16 Jan 1945 -  U.S. 1st and 3rd Armies link up after a month long separation during the Battle of the Bulge.  S8,
-  Hitler descends into his bunker - History.com,
17 Jan 1945 Soviet troops capture Warsaw.  S8, History.com,
20 Jan 1945 FDR inaugurated to fourth term - History.com,
26 Jan 1945 -  Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.  S8, History.com,
-  Audie Murphy Wounded in France - History.com,
28 Jan 1945 Burma Road is reopened - History.com,
30 Jan 1945 Burma Supply Route Cleared - History.com,
31 Jan 1945 The execution of Pvt. Slovik - History.com,
Abt Feb 1945 Walt moved to the 826th Convalescent Center in England  - S35,    Hospitals -
4-11 Feb 1945 Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Yalta.   S8, History.com,
13/14 Feb 1945 Dresden is destroyed by a firestorm after Allied bombing raids.  S8, History.com,
16 Feb 1945 Bataan recaptured - History.com,
19 Feb 1945 Marines invade Iwo Jima - History.com,
23 Feb 1945 U.S. Flag raised on Iwo Jima - History.com,
26 Feb 1945 Corregidor's Last Gasp - History.com,
   
Abt March 1945 Walt back to the Front in Germany - This is a guess - Walter stated he was in the hospital and convalescent center about 3 or 4 months before returning to Germany.
3 March 1945 Finland declares war on Germany - History.com,
6 March 1945 -  Last German offensive of the war begins to defend oil fields in Hungary.  S8,
-  Dutch Resistance ambushes SS officer-unwittingly - History.com,
7 March 1945 Allies take Cologne and establish a bridge across the Rhine at Remagen.   S8,
9 March 1945 Firebombing of Tokyo - History.com,
10 March 1945 Firebombing of Tokyo Continues - History.com,
16 March 1945 Fighting on Iwo Jima ends - History.com,
19 March 1945 German General Fromm executed for plot against Hitler - History.com,
20 March 1945 British Troops liberate Mandalay, Burma - History.com,
28 March 1945 Germans launch last of their V-2s - History.com,
29 March 1945 Patton takes Frankfurt - History.com,
April 1945 Allies discover stolen Nazi art and wealth hidden in salt mines.  S8,
1 April 1945 -  U.S. troops encircle Germans in the Ruhr  S8,
-  U.S. Troops land on Okinawa - History.com,
5 April 1945 Tito signs "friendship treaty" with Soviet Union - History.com,
7 Apr 1945 Japanese battleship Yamato is sunk by Allied Forces - History.com,
8 Apr 1945 Defiant theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer is hanged - History.com,
10 Apr 1945 "U.S. Army - One Hundred Fourth Inf. Div. Weser River span blows up in Timberwolves' faces; fails to stop drive east 4/10/45 5 5"  S31,
12 April 1945 Allies liberate Buchenwald and Belsen concentration camps  History.com, S8,
-  President Roosevelt dies. Truman becomes President.   History.com,
 
13 April 1945 -  Hitler bluffs from bunker as Russians advance and atrocities continue - History.com,
14 April 1945 U.S Fifth Army joins in Italian offensive - History.com,
15 April 1945 Soviets capture Tarnopol in Poland - History.com,
17 April 1945 Americans seize 1,100 tons of uranium at Strassfut, Germany - History.com,
18 April 1945 Journalist Ernie Pyle Killed - History.com,
20 April 1945 -  Operation Corncob is launched while Hitler celebrates his birthday - History.com,
21 April 1945 -  Soviets reach Berlin.  S8, History.com,
-  Red Army overruns German High Command as it approaches the capital - History.com,
22 April 1945 Hitler admits defeat - History.com,
23 April 1945 President Truman Confronts Molotov - History.com,
24 April 1945 President Truman is briefed on Manhattan Project - History.com,
25 April 1945 Americans and Russians link up, cut Germany in two - History.com,
26 April 1945 Walt meets Russians at Torgau, Germany  [S21  "Contact with the Russian Army, Torgau, Germany-between the Mulde and Elbe Rivers 26 April 1945"],
28 April 1945 -  Mussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans; Allies take Venice.  S8, History.com,
29 April 1945 -  Dachau liberated - History.com,
-  Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun marry - History.com,
30 April 1945 Adolf Hitler commits suicide.   S8, History.com,
2 May 1945 German troops in Italy surrender to Allies, while Berlin surrenders to Russia's Zhukov - History.com,
4 May 1945 As the Nazi threat dies, the Red Army rises - History.com,
5 May 1945 -  Six killed in Oregon by a Japanese bomb - History.com,
7 May 1945 Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies.   S8, History.com,
8 May 1945 V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.   S8, History.com,
  German Occupation, Walt carries pistol
9 May 1945 Hermann Göring is captured by members of the U.S. 7th Army.  S8, History.com,
23 May 1945 SS Reichsführer Himmler commits suicide; German High Command and Provisional Government imprisoned.  S8, History.com,
28 May 1945 German Pistol Certificates - Walter brought this weapon home as a souvenir - Image
5 June 1945 Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over the government.  S8,
8 June 1945 Truman issues order regarding release of classified scientific information - History.com,
15 June 1945 Judy Garland marries Vincente Minnelli - History.com,
22 June 1945 Battle of Okinawa Ends - History.com,
24 June 1945 Russians enjoy a victory parade - History.com,
26 June 1945 Walt Leaves Le Havre, France for U.S. aboard the SS Monterey   S17 - Box 36,
-  U.N. Charter Signed - History.com,
3 July 1945 Walt Arrives in U.S. from France  S17 - Box 36 SS Monterey

Walt Spent night at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey  S1 p 114,

11 July 1945 Soviets agree to hand over power in West Berlin - History.com,
16 July 1945 -  First U.S. atomic bomb test - History.com,

-    Potsdam Conference begins.  S8,

17 July 1945 -  Truman records impressions of Stalin - History.com,
-  Potsdam Conference Convenes  History.com,
18 July 1945 Charges of Communists in the U.S. Army raised - History.com,
25 July 1945 Truman drops hint to Stalin about a terrible new weapon - History.com,
26 July 1945 Winston Churchill resigns - History.com,
28 July 1945 -  U.S. Senate approves United Nations charter - History.com,
-  Plane crashes into Empire State Building - History.com,
29 July 1945 Japanese sink the USS Indianapolis - History.com - Wikipedia - Fold3 Blog Post -
-  Sunken Ship found - Aug 2017 - Doc4418.pdf - TV News Story -
31 July 1945 Pierre Laval, the puppet leader of Nazi-occupied Vichy France, surrenders to American authorities in Austria, who extradite him to France to stand trial.  Link, History.com,
July 1945 Walt gets 30-day Leave - S39,
Aug 1945 Camp San Luis Obispo -

Extract: "The regiment reassembled at San Luis Obispo, California, during the third week in August, 1945. On August 13 Officers and men began to arrive from their reception centers, to which they had reported after their 30 days at home, and the last trainloads reported for duty on August 18. Scheduled for combat in the Pacific, the 413th made plans to go on an intensive training schedule...The atom bomb interrupted all these preparations."   S1, page 121,
1945 Walt enjoys a night out at the "Streets of Paris" Club in San Francisco, California - Doc0920.pdf
2 Aug 1945 Potsdam Conference Concludes - Link - History.com,
4 Aug 1945 Japanese surrender on Wake Island - History.com,
6 Aug 1945 First atomic bomb dropped, on Hiroshima, Japan at 816 am.  S8,   Wikipedia - History.com Link
7 Aug 1945 Georgia institutes a State Board of Corrections - History.com,
8 Aug 1945 Truman signs United Nations Charter - History.com, -

Soviets declare war on Japan, Invade Manchuria - History.com, -

9 Aug 1945 Second atomic bomb dropped, on Nagasaki, Japan.   S8,   Wikipedia - History.com,
10 Aug 1945 Japan accepts Potsdam terms, agrees to unconditional surrender - History.com,
14 Aug 1945 Japanese agree to unconditional surrender.   S8, -  Fold3 Link - History.com, - Surrender Made Public -
15 Aug 1945 The Japanese Emperor Speaks - History.com, -
16 Aug 1945 Senior U.S. POW is released, Lt. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright - History.com,
25 Aug 1945 First Casualty of the Cold War - History.com Link -
29 Aug 1945 Truman orders Navy to seize control of petroleum refineries (U.S.)  History.com, -
30 Aug 1945 MacArthur arrives in Japan - History.com Link -
2 Sept 1945 Japanese sign the surrender agreement;  V-J (Victory over Japan) Day.   S8, Link, History.com,
-  Vietnam Independence proclaimed - History.com,
4 Sept 1945 Japanese surrender on Wake Island - Link, History.com,
8 Sept 1945 American troops arrive in Korea to partition the country - History.com,
13 Sept 1945 British troops arrive in Viet Nam to disarm the Japanese - History.com,
18 Sept 1945 MacArthur in Tokyo - History.com,
22 Sept 1945 Patton questions necessity of German's "denazification" - History.com,
26 Sept 1945 First American Soldier Killed in Vietnam - History.com,
Oct 1945 Foreign coins and currency brought back by Walt - Doc0927.pdf
6 Oct 1945 Pierre Laval attempts suicide - History.com,
9 Oct 1945 Walt Discharged - Camp San Luis Obispo, California   S17, Ruptured Duck Pin, S30, S33, S34,

Physical Description:  Brown Eyes, Brown Hair, Height:  5' 8", Weight:  175, White

12 Oct 1945 Conscientious objector wins Medal of Honor - History.com,
15 Oct 1945 Vichy leader executed for treason - History.com,
24 Oct 1945 United Nations is officially born.  S8 History.com,
13 Nov 1945  Truman announces inquiry into Jewish settlement in Palestine - History.com,
16 Nov 1945 German Scientists brought to U.S. to work on rocket technology - History.com,
20 Nov 1945 Nuremberg war crimes trials begin.   S8, History.com,
4 Dec 1945 Senate approves U.S. participation in United Nations - History.com,
5 Dec 1945 Aircraft squadron lost in the Bermuda Triangle - History.com,
15 Dec 1945 MacArthur orders end of Shinto as Japanese state religion - History.com,
21 Dec 1945 General George S. Patton dies - History.com,
   
   

Top of  Page

Color Legend Company B Walt Robbins, Sr.
=1946 +
1 Jan 1946 Hidden Japanese surrender after Pacific War has ended - History.com,
10 Jan 1946 First meeting of the United Nations - History.com, (League of Nations had started on this date in 1920 - History.com)
16 Apr 1946 Arthur Chevrolet commits suicide - History.com,
29 Apr 1946 -  International Military Tribunal indicts Tojo Hideki, wartime premier of Japan - History.com,
5 Mar 1946 Churchill delivers Iron Curtain Speech -  History.com,
25 Mar 1946 Soviets announce withdrawal from Iran - History.com,
16 Apr 1946 Arthur Chevrolet commits suicide - History.com,
3 May 1946 -  Japanese War Crimes Trial Begins - History.com,
15 June 1946 The U.S. presents the Baruch Plan (Control of Nuclear Weapons - it failed to pass UN) - History.com,
5 July 1946 Bikini Introduced - History.com,
7 July 1946 James Earl "Jimmy" Carter and Eleanor Rosalynn Smith are married - History.com,
1 Oct 1946 Nazi war criminals sentenced at Nuremburg - History.com,
12 Oct 1946 Gen. Joseph Stilwell dies - History.com,
16 Oct 1946 - Hermann Göring commits suicide two hours before his scheduled execution.  S8, History.com,
- Nazi War Criminals Executed - History.com,
- Alfred Rosenberg is Executed - History.com,
21 Dec 1946 Earthquake sends tsunami toward Japan - History.com,
23 Dec 1946 President Truman considers amnesty for draft dodgers - History.com,
   
11 Mar 1947 Truman thanks Herbert Hoover for aiding post-WW2 reconstruction - History.com,
12 March 1947 Truman Doctrine is announced - History.com,
7 Apr 1947 Henry Ford dies at 83 - History.com,
15 Apr 1947 Jackie Robinson Breaks Color Barrier - Major League Baseball - History.com,
16 Apr 1947 Fertilizer explosion kills 581 in Texas - History.com,
25 Apr 1947 Truman inaugurates White House bowling alley - History.com,
3 May 1947 New Japanese constitution goes into effect - History.com,
11 May 1947 B. F. Goodrich Co. announces development of tubeless tire - History.com,
5 June 1947 George Marshall calls for aid to Europe - History.com,
20 June 1947 Bugsy Siegel, organized crime leader, is killed - History.com,
2 July 1947 Soviet Union rejects Marshall Plan assistance - History.com,
9 July 1947 First female Army officer - History.com,
18 July 1947 Truman signs second Presidential Succession Act - History.com,
26 July 1947 Truman signs the National Security Act - History.com,
7 Aug 1947 Kon-Tiki Voyage - History.com,
2 Nov 1947 Spruce Goose Flies - History.com,
5 Oct 1947 First Presidential speech on TV - History.com,
14 Oct 1947 Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier - History.com,
2 Nov 1947 Spruce Goose Flies (Howard Hughes) - History.com,
1 Apr 1948 Soviets stop U.S. and British Military trains - History.com,
3 Apr 1948 -  Truman signs Foreign Assistance Act - History.com,
-  Truman signs Marshall Plan - History.com,
30 Apr 1948 Organization of American States Established - History.com,
24 June 1948 Soviets blockade West Berlin - History.com,
26 June 1948 Berlin Airlift begins - History.com,
20 July 1948 President Truman issues peacetime draft - History.com,
13 Aug 1948 Record day for Berlin Airlift - History.com,
16 Aug 1948 Babe Ruth dies - History.com,
2 Nov 1948 Truman defeats Dewey - History.com,
3 Nov 1948 Newspaper mistakenly declares Dewey President - History.com,
12 Nov 1948 Japanese War Criminals Sentenced - History.com,
23 Dec 1948 7 Japanese war criminals hanged in Tokyo - History.com,
   
8 Feb 1949 Cardinal Mindszenty of Hungary sentenced - History.com,
19 Mar 1949 East Germany approves new constitution - History.com,
12 May 1949 Berlin Blockade Lifted - History.com,
23 May 1949 Federal Republic of Germany is established - History.com,
27 July 1949 First Jet airliner makes Test Flight - Link,
29 Aug 1949 Soviets explode atomic bomb - Link,
30 Sept 1949 Berlin Airlift ends - History.com,
7 Oct 1949 East Germany Created - History.com,
9 Oct 1949 Walt files an Indiana WW2 Bonus Fund Application - Image
   
15 Jan 1951 The "Witch of Buchenwald" (Ilse Koch, wife of the commandant of Buchenwald Concentration Camp) is sentenced to prison - History.com,
23 July 1951 Petain, leader of the Vichy government, dies - History.com,
24 Oct 1951 Truman declares war with Germany officially over - History.com,
5 March 1953 Joseph Stalin dies - History.com,
12 Nov 1954 Ellis Island Closed (Opened 2 Jan 1892) - History.com,
28 Nov 1954 Enrico Fermi, architect of the nuclear age, dies - History.com,
5 Apr 1955 Winston Churchill resigns - History.com,
5 May 1955 -  Allies end occupation of West Germany - History.com,
 
16 Oct 1958 Chevrolet introduces the El Camino - History.com,
23 May 1960 Adolf Eichmann captured - History.com,
13 Aug 1961 Berlin is Divided - History.com,
15 Aug 1961 Berlin Wall Built - History.com,
15 Dec 1961 Architect of the Holocaust sentenced to die - Adolf Eichmann - History.com,
   
31 May 1962 Architect of the Holocaust hanged in Israel - Adolf Eichmann - History.com,
24 Jan 1965 Winston Churchill Dies - History.com,
   
28 March 1969 Dwight D. Eisenhower Dies - Wikipedia,
24 Jan 1972 WW 2 Japanese soldier found hiding on Guam - History.com,
14 July 1974 U.S. Army General Carl Spaatz Dies - History.com,
9 Oct 1974 Oskar Schindler dies - History.com,
7 Feb 1979 Dr. Joseph Mengele, the "Angel of Death" dies - History.com,
8 Apr 1981 General Omar Bradley dies - History.com,
19 Jan 1983 The Butcher of Lyon (Klaus Barbie) arrested in Bolivia - History.com,
11 May 1987 The Butcher of Lyon (Klaus Barbie) goes on trial - charged with 117 crimes against humanity - History.com,
17 Aug 1987 Hitler's last living henchman dies (Rudolph Hess) - History.com,
7 Jan 1989 Emperor Hirohito dies - History.com
9 Nov 1989 East Germany opens the Berlin Wall - History.com,
   
12 Sept 1990 German Occupation rights are relinquished - History.com,
3 Oct 1990 East and West Germany reunite after 45 years - Link,
12 Nov 1990 Akihito enthroned as Emperor of Japan - History.com,
25 Sept 1991 The Butcher of Lyon (Klaus Barbie) dies in prison at age 77 - History.com,
12 Sept 2003 Walt Received a Certification of Military Service - Image
29 Apr 2004 WW 2 Monument opens in Washington, D.C. - History.com,
11 Jan 2010 Miep Gies, who hid Anne Frank, dies at 100 - History.com,
29 Apr 2004 World War II Memorial Opens in Washington, D.C. - History.com,
   
   
   
   

Top of  Page
 

Misc. Information from Interviews with Walter C. Robbins, Sr., ID0005
Dad stated that at some point while he was in Europe a bullet went up the sleeve of his jacket and came out of the sleeve above the elbow putting a hole in his jacket - He also lost his watch at about the same time.  [Interview 23 Feb 2010]
Another time a bullet his his helmet so hard that the camouflage mesh was knocked off his helmet - He thinks it was green in color.  [Interview 23 Feb 2010]
Dad related a story about being the only Sgt. and not getting a lot of sleep.  Finally they got a replacement, a British Guy.  Dad went to get some sleep and had only laid down about 2 hours when they came to get him and said that he had to be the Sgt. again because his replacement had shot himself in the foot and was being taken to the hospital.  Dad laughed and laughed because he thinks the guy did it on purpose to go back to the hospital and get out of the fighting.  This incident happened after he had returned from the hospital and back to the front. [Interview, 20 Nov 2003 - Doc0874.pdf]
KP Duty:
Did you ever pull KP Duty? Yeah, until I got to be a Sergeant you had to do so much. Mostly clean the dishes after the meals - we'd set the table and all that stuff and then clean up all the dishes and of course I didn't have any dishwasher so we had to clean all the big ole pots and everything like that.  [Interview, 2 July 2003, page 12 - Doc0871.pdf]
Scared?
Were you ever Scared? Maybe one time - we heard a tank coming of a night but he finally stopped. There was a time we were in a big ole barn hiding from the Germans and we had to hold down a soldier and hold his mouth to keep him from yelling. The German troops were probably 100 yards from the barn. There was a company of us, about 100 men, and LOTS of German infantry.
[Interview, 2 July 2003, page 12 -  Doc0871.pdf]
V-1 Rockets:
You could see them in the air. They went like 20 mile per hour but they's go up 100 or 200 feet in the air and then go so far - when the fuel went out they came down - we saw them coming - we were next to a big hospital and it landed pretty close the that hospital - didn't kill anybody, just put a hold in the hospital tent. The V-2s were sent mostly to England or France. they had them angled so they'd go to a certain place - I wanted to go to London and they was bombing so bad I didn't go.  [Interview, 2 July 2003, page 10 -  Doc0871.pdf]
 
 
 
 
 

Top of  Page
 

Links, Misc.
Wikipedia Article  (WW 2)
D-Day
NARA - Military Personnel Records
National WW 2 Memorial - Washington, DC
World War 2 in Europe - Timeline - 1939 to 1945
Veterans History Project (Library of Congress)  About the Project   Finding Service Records    Search the Project Database
Access to Archival Databases (AAD) - National Archives
Indiana State Library WW2 Servicemen Database
World War Two in Europe Timeline. C:\A-A-A\History\WW2\World War Two in Europe Timeline.htm
WW2 Map. www.dean.usma.edu/history/web03/atlases/  (OK 17 March 2007)
WW2 Timeline
WW2 Statistics
Holocaust Timeline
Wikipedia Article  (WW 2)
D-Day
NARA - Military Personnel Records
National WW 2 Memorial - Washington, DC
World War 2 in Europe - Timeline - 1939 to 1945
Veterans History Project (Library of Congress)  About the Project   Finding Service Records    Search the Project Database
Access to Archival Databases (AAD) - National Archives
Indiana State Library WW2 Servicemen Database
World War Two in Europe Timeline. C:\A-A-A\History\WW2\World War Two in Europe Timeline.htm
WW2 Map. www.dean.usma.edu/history/web03/atlases/  (OK 17 March 2007)
 
 
 
 
 

Top of  Page

Maps
Battle of the Dykes (First Canadian Army), 23 Oct - 8 Nov, 1944 http://www.104infdiv.org/MAP_A.HTM
Holland to Germany (motor convoy), 6 - 8 Nov, 1944 http://www.104infdiv.org/MAP_B.HTM
Beyond the Siegfried Line: Aachen to the Roer River - 9 Nov - 14 Dec 1944 http://www.104infdiv.org/MAP_C.HTM
Push continues (across the Inde River), 27 Nov - 13 Dec, 1944 http://www.104infdiv.org/MAP_D.HTM
Objective Cologne (Roer River to Rhine River), 23 Feb - 7 Mar, 1945 http://www.104infdiv.org/MAP_E.HTM
Encirclement of the Ruhr (Remagen to Lippstadt), 9 Mar - 1 April, 1945 http://www.104infdiv.org/MAP_F.HTM
Paderborn to Torgau (Russians contacted), 1 April - 9 May, 1945 http://www.104infdiv.org/MAP_G.HTM
   
   

Top of Page

Camps

Fort Benjamin Harrison (Induction) - Indianapolis, Indiana

Camp Adair (Boot Camp) - Oregon

Camp Hyder - Arizona

Camp Horn - Arizona

Camp Granite - California

Fort Carson - Colorado

Camp Kilmer (Departure) - New Jersey

Camp Lucky Strike (France)

Camp San Luis Obispo (Discharge)  -California

Top of Page

Sources
 

Source Citation

Image
Click for Larger Image

S1 Book:  History of the 413th Infantry Regiment. Los Angeles: Warren F Lewis, 1946. Acc000328
Read Online -
 
S2 http://timelines.ws/20thcent/1938.HTML  
S3 http://timelines.ws/20thcent/1939.HTML  
S4 http://timelines.ws/20thcent/1940.HTML  
S5 http://timelines.ws/20thcent/1941.HTML  
S6 http://timelines.ws/20thcent/1942.HTML  
S7 http://timelines.ws/20thcent/1943.HTML  
S8 http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/ww2time.htm  
S9 Document, Federal - US, Draft Registration Cursive - Form D.S.S. 2. Walter C Robbins. Acc001597/ Doc0915.pdf

Note:  This accession contains both the cursive and the printed cards) - (Transcription:  Front: "Duplicate/Registration Certificate/This is to certify that in accordance with the/ selective service proclamation of the President of the United States/ Walter Clifton Robbins /R.F.D. 1 Redkey Randolph Indiana/has been duly registered this 16 day of October 1940 Clarence F Stoner/registrar for Local Board 1 Randolph India/ The law requires you to have this card in your/personal possession at all times/D.S.S. Form 2/(Revised 6/9/41 19-21631  Back: "Race White - Height 5-8 Weight 154 brown eyes brown hair light complexion")


Ph8562.jpg

Doc0915.pdf

S10 Article, Good Old Days magazine, "Number 158", by Jean Schaefer. October 2005. page 40. Acc000567
 
Note:  An article entitled "Number 158", by Jean Schaefer in Good Old Days magazine, October 2005, page 40, describes the development of the law and the draft procedure that took place on 29 Oct 1940 in Washington, D.C. On 16 Oct 1940 some 16 million men between the ages of 21 and 36 had signed up in their local communities for the Selective Service. When the actual draft lottery took place on 29 Oct the number "158" was the first number drawn and read over the radio by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
"As a result of the Selective Service Act of 1940, millions of young American men received a terse letter from the president that had more impact on their futures than any other piece of mail they would ever receive. It began: 'Greetings. You are hereby ordered to report for inductions into the armed forces of the United States....' ")
 
S11 Book, Randolph County, Indiana, 1818-1990. Winchester, Ind: Historical & Genealogical Society of Randolph County, Indiana, 1991 - page 241. Acc000890. 

Note:  Dad is listed in this book as a Randolph County veteran
 
S12 Web Page, "War Touches Randolph County, Indiana". WWII Draft Registration Information.  Link
S13 Web Page, "Randolph County Draft Registrations, WWII, 1940 + 1941, age 21 to 36". 

Extract:  "The 1st and 2nd Randolph County Draft Registrations were held on October 16, 1940 and July 1, 1941. Each were one day only registrations. This list contains the registrants names from both dates." - "Robbins, Walter Clifton Redkey route 1"
Link
S14 Web Page, "Introduction to the Randolph County Draft Registrations, WWII, 1940 + 1941, age 21 to 36, as published in the Union City Times-Gazette".  Link
S15 Database On-line, Ancestry.com - U.S. World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946. Walter C Robbins. Original data: Electronic Army Serial Number Merged File, 1938-1946 [Archival Database]; World War II Army Enlistment Records; Records of the National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 64; National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD.  www.ancestry.com . Acc000922. 

Extract
Name:
Walter C Robbins - Birth Year: 1918 - Race: White, citizen - Nativity: Indiana - State: US at Large - County/City: Indiana - Enlistment Date: 18 Nov 1942 - Enlistment State: Indiana - Enlistment City: Indianapolis - Branch: Branch Immaterial - Warrant Officers, USA - Branch Code: Branch Immaterial - Warrant Officers, USA - Grade: Private - Grade Code: Private - Term of Enlistment: Enlistment for the duration of the War or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise according to law - Component: Selectees (Enlisted Men) - Source: Civil Life - Education: 2 yrs of high school - Marital Status: Single, with dependents - Height: 68 - Weight: 157.)

 
S16 Interview with Walter C. Robbins,  ID0005 by his son Walter C. Robbins, Jr.  1 Sept 2005.  "Holland Canals".  Acc000568

Extract:
The canals in Holland were about waist or chest deep and we had to wade in them because we were pinned down by a German tank for about 2 or 3 days. We were wet and cold and could not get dry - this is where we all got trench foot. You could not dig foxholes in the ground because the area was below sea level. We did dig our foxholes in the mounds of dirt along the canals. This was dirt piled up when they dug the canals

 
S17 Honorable Discharge, US Army. Form WD AGO Form 53-55, 1 November 1944. Walter C Robbins, 35-569-476. 9 Oct 1945. Acc000380 /Doc0350.pdf

Extract:
(Front of form)
"This is to certify that Walter C Robbins 35 569 476 Staff Sergeant Company B 413th Infantry Army of the United States is hereby Honorably Discharged from the military service of the United States of America. This Certificate is awarded as a testimonial of Honest and Faithful Service to his county. Given at Camp San Luis Obispo California Date 9 October 1945 Signed Leonard P Hutchinson Major CMP."

(Back of form)
 1. Name: Robbins Walter C. 2. Army Serial No: 35 569 476 3. Grade: S Sgt 4. Arm or Service: Inf 5. Component: AUS 6. Organization: Company B 413th Infantry 7. Date of separation: 9 Oct 45 8. Place of Separation: Camp San Luis Obispo California 9. Permanent Address for mailing purposes: 2220 S Gharkey Street Muncie Indiana 10. Date of Birth: 19 Mar 18 11. Place of Birth: Fortville Indiana 12. Address from which Employment will be sought: See 9 13. Color eyes: Brown 14. Color Hair: Brown 15. Height: 5' 8" 16. Weight: 175 lbs 17. No Depend: 2 18. Race: White [checked] 19. Marital Status: Married [checked] 20. US Citizen: Yes [checked] 21. Civilian occupation and No: Farmer 3-06.10

MILITARY HISTORY
22. Date of Induction: 18 Nov 42 23. Date of Enlistment: Empty 24. Date of Entry into Active Service: 1 Dec 42 25. Place of Entry into Service: Ft Benjamin Harrison Indiana
SELECTIVE SERVICE DATA: 26. Registered: Yes [checked] 27. Local SS Board No: 1 28. County and State: Randolph Indiana 29. Home Address at time of entry into Service: Route 1 Redkey Indiana 30. Military Occupational Specialty and No: Squad Leader 653 31. Military Qualification and Date: Combat Inf Badge 20 Dec 44 Ex Rifle M1 May 44 32. Battles and Campaigns: Northern France GO 33 WD 45 Rhineland GO 40 WD 45 Central Europe GO 40 WD 45 33. Decorations and Citations: Purple Heart Sec II GO 51 48th Gen Hosp 9 Dec 44 - Good Conduct Medal - European African Middle Eastern Service Medal 34. Wounds Received in Action: 28 Nov 44 European Theater
35. Latest Immunization Dates: . Smallpox: Apr 44 - Typhoid: Dec 43 - Tetanus: Jun 44 - Typhus: May 45
36. Service Outside Continental US and Return:
Depart 27 Aug 44 to European Theater - Arrived 7 Sep 44
Depart 26 Jun 45 to USA - Arrived 3 Jul 45
37. Total Length of Service: Continental Service: 2 Years 15 Days - Foreign Service: 10 Months 7 Days
38. Highest Grade Held: S Sgt 39. Prior Service: None 40. Reason and authority for Separation: Convenience of Government RR 1-1 41. Service Schools Attended: None 42. Education: Grammar: 9 - High School: 3 - College: Ø
PAY DATA
43. Longevity for pay purposes: 2 years 10 Months 22 Days 44. Mustering Out Pay: Total $300 This Payment $100 45. Soldier Deposits: None 46. Travel Pay: $129.85 47. Total Amount, Name of Disbursing Officer: $238.15 E W Wheeler Major FD
INSURANCE NOTICE
48. Kind of Insurance: Nat Service 49. How Paid: Allotment checked 50. Effective Date of Allotment Discontinuance: 30 Sep 45 51. Date of Next Premium Due: 31 Oct 45 52. Premium Due Each Month: $6.70 53. Intention of Veteran to: Continue checked 54. Right Thumb Print: Included
55. Remarks: Inactive Service ERC 18 Nov 42 to 30 Nov 42 ASR (2 Sep 45) 75 - Lapel Button Issued
56. Signature of Person being Separated: [Signature present] 57. Personnel Officer: W A Hermann 1st Lt Inf - [Signature]

Doc0350.pdf
S18 "The Trail of the Timberwolves:  104th Infantry Division".  Major General Terry Allen.  Camp San Luis Obispo, California, 1945. 
Acc000563/Doc0367.pdf
Reading Notes:  Doc3847.txt

Doc0367.pdf

S19 Interview, Walter C Robbins, nd. 

Note:  Inducted at Ft Benjamin Harrison, Indianapolis, Marion Co, IN. Walter stated that he spent 2 or 3 days at Ft Ben and then they boarded a train headed west and after a 2 or 3 day trip arrived at Camp Adair, Oregon)
 
S20    
S21 Web Page, "Addendum" - 104th Inf Div Web Page. http://www.104infdiv.org/ADDENDUM.htm  - Accessed 22 Feb 2010. 

Note:  Gives dates of the various camps the 104th division was stationed)
 
S22 "How We Met", By Norma Haas Robbins ID0006, June 2003, page 4 - Acc000296/Doc0372.pdf

Extract:  "He came home on furlough in March 1943 and we were married at the Walnut St Baptist Church parsonage. We had a few days together before he had to go back to camp."
Note: I believe the source [Norma Louise Haas Robbins ID0006] was mistaken on the month - it was probably May instead of March. Walter and Norma were married on 29 May 1943 probably at the end of his furlough.
 
S23 Key Timberwolf Dates  
S24 "Testimony (Zundert-Holland - October 1944)" - "413th Infantry Regiment"   
S25 Telephone Interview, Walter C. Robbins Sr., 20 March 2010, by his son Walter C. Robbins, Jr.  
S26 Interview with Walter Clifton Robbins ID0005 by RobbHaas, 20 Sept 2005. Transcript held by RobbHaas ID0001 , page 1.  Acc000522  
S27 Interview, Walter C Robbins, Sr. - 23 Feb 2010  
S28    
S29 Certification of Military Service. Walter C Robbins 35 569 476. Issued 12 Sept 2003. Original Source: NARA, National Personal Records Center, St Louis, MO. Acc000385
Ph8007-001

Doc0352.pdf

S30 Military Records, World War II Bonus Fund Documents, State of Indiana, Walter C Robbins, Bonus Number 83259. Acc000375.

Contents: Bonus Card, Application Form No. 1, Detailed Instructions, General Instructions
Doc0353.pdf
S31 "WWII European Theater Army Records". Misc. File 490, Stars and Stripes Index, Chronological, Apr-Sept 1945, page 9. Original Data: NARA, Record Group 498 "U.S. Army, U.S. Forces, European Theater, Historical Division: Records, 1941, 1946". http://www.fold3.com/image/#290064125, accessed 14 March 2012. Acc002098  
S32 "WWII European Theater Army Records". Misc. File, file No. 436, Progress Reports (Statistical), SGS, ETO, Jan 1945, page 13. Original Record: NARA, Record Group 498. "Reported Incidence of 'Trench Foot' and 'Immersion Foot' by Division - Rates per 1000 per week - 17 Nov thru 22 Dec 1944". http://www.fold3.com/image/#287401221 . Acc002098.

Extract:
104th Inf: 24 Nov: 7.21 1 Dec: 2.62 8 Dec: 2.69 15 Dec: 1.73 22 Dec: 0.58
 
S33 Military Record: Separation Qualification Record. Walter C. Robbins, 35 569 476. 9 Oct 1945, Camp San Luis Obispo, California. Acc001609/Doc0354.pdf

Extract:
(Front of form) Army of the United States/ Separation Qualification Record - 1. Name: Robbins Walter C - 2. Army Serial No: 35 569 476 - 3. Grade: S Sgt - 4. Social Security No: Unknown - 5. Permanent Mailing Address: 2220 S Gharkey Street, Muncie Delaware County Indiana - 6. Date of entry into active service: 1 Dec 42 - 7. Date of separation: 9 Oct 45 - 8. Date of Birth: 19 Mar 1918 - 9. Place of separation: Camp San Luis Obispo California - 10, 11, 12. Military occupational assignments: 30 months - S Sgt - Squad Leader - Summary of Military Occupations - 13. Title, Description, Related civilian occupation: Squad Leader - Responsible for training and discipline of squad, and in combat responsible for security, safety, deployment, and general welfare of men

(Back of form) Military Education: 14. Name or type of military school : None - Civilian Education: 15. Highest grade completed: 12 - 16. Degrees or diplomas: None - 17. Year left school: 1935 - 18. Name of last school attended: Cicero Indiana - 19. Major courses of study: Academic - 20. Other training: None Civilian Occupations: 22. Service Station Attendant, Muncie Indiana 1942 - performed minor automotive repair work, serviced vehicles. - Machine Operator, McCormick Bros Albany Indiana 1940-1942 - Operated punch press and wire machine - set up farm machinery - Additional Information - 23. Remarks: None - 24. Signature of Walter C Robbins - 25. Signature of separation classification officer W A Hermann - 26. Name of officer: W A Hermann 1st Lt Inf.

Doc0354.pdf
S34 Military Record:  "Roster for Discharge" U.S. Army, Separation Point Camp San Luis Obispo, California, 3 Oct 1945. Robbins, Walter C. Acc000376/Doc0850.pdf

Extract:

Separation Point/ Camp San Luis Obispo, California
3 October 1945
Roster for Discharge
22 - Robbins, Walter C. - S Sgt - 35569476 - 413 Inf - RR 1-1

                                 Doc0850.pdf
S35 Newspaper Article: "The 826th Convalescent Center, England". Walter C. Robbins, Abt March or April 1945. Probably Muncie Star (Muncie, Delaware County, Indiana). Acc000565/Doc0935.pdf

Extract:
The 826th Convalescent Center, England – Now fully recovered from wounds received on Nov. 28, 1944 in Germany, Staff Sgt. Walter G. Robbins, 27, of 1927 E. 17th St., has been released from this United States Army convalescent center in England. He will return to active duty. While at this center he participated in a rehabilitation program consisting of military training and expert medical care. Member of an infantry unit, he entered the army Nov. 14, 1942. His wife, Mrs. Walter C. Robbins, lives at 1927 E. Seventeenth Street.” [Muncie, Delaware Co, IN)

Doc0935.pdf
S36 U.S. Army Center of Military History, www.army.mil/cmh-pg  
S37 Interviews with Walter -
- 2 July 2003:  Acc000402 - Doc0871.pdf
- 20 Sept 2005:  Acc000522 - Doc0879.pdf
- 22 Sept 2005:  Acc000523 - Doc0551.pdf
- 29 Sept 2005:  Acc001067 - Doc0740.pdf
- 20 Mar  2007:  Acc000875 - Doc0883.pdf
 
S38 Marriage Record:  "The Bridal Day" book. Walter C Robbins and Norma L Haas, 29 May 1943. Acc001421/Doc0375.pdf

Extract::
Front Cover: The Bridal Day -
Marriage Certificate: Certificate of Marriage - This certifies that Walter Clifton Robbins of Redkey, Indiana and Norma Louise Haas of Muncie, Indiana were united by me in Holy Matrimony in accordance with the Ordinance of God and the Laws of the State at 1822 S Walnut St Muncie, Ind on the 29th day of May 1943 - Signed: Edgar L??? Hamilton Pastor Walnut St Baptist Church Muncie, Ind - Witness: Marjorie Ruth Haas -
Gift List: One dozen roses from Mary Durman & Gretchen Sumwalt - Dishes from Marguerite & Harold - Gown from Wilma & John - Corsage from Marjorie -

Newspaper Articles: (2 separate articles) -
1. Norma: Wed to Soldier - photo of Norma - also see Acc000301- Muncie Star, 5 June 1943
"Announcement has been made of the marriage of Miss Norma Haas, daughter of Mr and Mrs August Haas, 1927 East Seventeenth Street, and Private Walter C Robbins, son of Mr and Mrs O C Robbins of Redkey. The informal single ring ceremony took place Saturday afternoon, May 29, at the home of the Rev E L Hamilton on South Walnut Street with the Rev Hamilton reading the wedding vows" -

2. Walter: Photo of Walter - Private Walter C Robbins who recently spent a seven-day furlough visiting at home, has returned to camp. He is the husband of Mrs Norma Haas Robbins and son of Mr and Mrs O C Robbins of Redkey. Private Robbins entered the armed forces on December 1, 1942. His address: Co. B, 413th Inf,, APO 104 Div, Camp Adair, Ore, US Army.

Doc0375.pdf
S39 Interview - Walter C. Robbins, ID0005, 19 March 2002.

30-day leave. When he went back they were to begin amphibious training in preparation for a landing in Japan but before this took place the atomic bombs were dropped and soon after Japan surrendered ending the war. This was the first time he had seen his son Walt, Jr who had been born 28 Dec 1944

 
S40 "Advance on the Left--413th Regiment" - Timberwolf Tracks in History - (Timberwolf Howl, Vol. 5, No. 1, Jan/Feb 2016, San Francisco, CA), pages 9 and 11  - Doc3424.pdf  
S41    
S42    
S43    
S44    
S45    

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Images    Click Thumbnails for larger Images   (For More WW2 Images Go Here)
I1 I2 I3 I4 I5 I6
Harry Truax
Bathing in a helmet
Unknown  ?? - Al Bagby
Melvin Allison
Harry Truax
The Barber
Harry Truax ?? - Dad -
San Francisco Abt 1945
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I7 I8 I9 I10 I11 I12
  Link
Al Bagby - Melvin Allison - ?? - ?? Home on Furlough
Day before marriage
Walter's Dog Tags Walter - Melvin  Allison
about 1980
(See I3, above)
U.S. Army Throw U.S. Army Throw
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I13 I14 I15 I16 I17 I18
     
Desert Training Throw
1943-1944
Walt, Sr.
2nd from Right
Phoenix, Arizona
1943
Norma, Walter
1943-1944
Muncie?
     
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Hi-Res Image
Ph9653-030.tif/.jpg
Hi-Res Image
     

I19 I20 I21 I22 I23 I24
           
           
           
 
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